2-TCR0LrTrFS SAT. FEBRUARY 7. 176
4 If J ,ttj . - t .
Dan'f lei Clad Ccrsaonity Become A Jungle . .
BLACK BUSINESS IS SUFFERING FROM THE EFFECTS
OF CRIME ON AN UNPRECEDENTED SCALEJTI5 STRUGGLING
TO MEET THEHIGH COST OF THEFT INSURANCE.
VANDALISM, SHOP-LIFTING, ROBBERY AND BAD CHECKS.
THE PROBLEM CENTERS AROUND MRCV7ll,ANU
DRUG RELATED CRIMES.
r . ( -U. i & if''' I
Child Abuse On Increase
Recent survey results show that some
60,000 children are abused annually in
the country. We "agree with the experts
who feel that this high number is
extremely serious and that some
attempts should be made to curb such
increased abuse of children.
It is probable that the figure is much
higher, as- many cases often go
unreported as people do not wish to
Among the reasons for not reporting
such instances of child abuse . is the
prevalent feeling among some in our
society, that children belong to or are
the property of their parents. Those who
hold this belief may feel that the parents
have the right to make the decisions
regarding their property-the child and or
Further, violence appears to be an
acceptable part of the Americam culture.
The falling respect for authority at all
levels and general obedience to rules and
regulations also play a part. Such reports
affect the decisions of many parents.
Some may feel, perhaps that if it is
necessary to accomplish their goals, they
will engage in such violence, no matter
what the age of the child.
Parenting is a skill that is neither
automatically nor necessarily acquired
by the physical reproductive process.
Many children are unwanted, unloved,
and mistreated by parents through the
ignorance or lack of knowledge.
North Carolina, through its
Department of Social Services and other
Child Advocacy groups has been
carefully checking out possible cases of
child abuse, but it is a slow and difficult
Unfortunately as problems of
unemployment, with rising unpaid bills, ;
alcoholism, and just plain frustration o
living affect many parents, some of their
tensions may come out as some form of
violence toward and against their
It is most advisable that such parents
seek the appropriate guidance and help
before they yield to child abuse in a fit
of frustration or to the idea that he or
she has the decision or power regarding
their treatment, especially when it is
objectionable treatment not in the best
interests of the child or children.
Political real'ty should be faced by
black Americans regarding the many
suggestions and views that voters are
filled with disgust with the electoral
process and need to forego our
constitutional right of voting.
We should not be lulled into the false
idea that our vote is worthless and that
our interest is meaningless.
The interests of blacks, in America
arose at the moment of the creation of
this Republic. Each generation of blacks
thereafter and throughout these 200
years of growth has chipped away at the
many obstacles that have blocked us
from what is frequently referred to as
the "mainstream of America.
Black Americams of today must look
at the candidates, study the issues, and
the candidate's statements side by side
and then dissect those statements and
promises in relation to the issues,
conditions and problems of today.
We must keep uppermost in our
minds that nothing is more powerful
than the truth and nothing is more
dangerous than a half truth. It is worth
remembering, especially to black youths
between 18-30, that you are the trustees
of our posterity. You must not allow
useless rhetoric to cloud the real issues
of these perilous times.
So before you .exercise your ballot, be
sure thatthe candidate for whom you
cast that ballot has dealt with the truth
straight forward by as distinguished from
the half truth; and also have dealt
with issues and socio-economic problems
It would seem that at this junction in
history and in light of our past history,
black Americans cannot afford an Alice
in Wonderland Trip.
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
The Board of Directors of
Scarborough Nursery School
wishes to express appreciation
and deepest gratitude to the
citizens of Durham,
Organizations and Foundations
for their generous and warm
support of its Building Fund
Drive. Due to the economy our
goal of $100,000 was not
reached, but we are grateful for
the amount of S68.OO0 received.
You have rendered a fine
service in helping to meet the
needs of the little children in our
community for years to come.
A special thank you to
Joseph Goodloe, and Lee Frazier
who spearheaded the Drive, and
all of the volunteers who so
graciously gave of their time,
and who, through their efforts,
made the campaign a success.
Scarborough Nursery School
is a United Fund Agency
continuously serving our
community for fifty years.
Wm. Jay Walker, Jr.
Clydie F. Scarborough
THE BLACK PRESS
OUR FREEDOM DEPENDS ON IT!
Who is unemployed?
There's a growing debate over the accuracy of
the Labor Department's compilation of
unemployment statistics and the way that debate
is resolved could have far-reaching effects on the
nation's economic policies.
Each month the. Bureau of Labor Statistics
announces the previous month's unemployment
figures. Each month those statistics are grossly
understated, lulling policy-makers into believing
things are better than they actually are.
It all boils town to defining who is
unemployed. According to the Bureau, the
definition of unemployment is narrowly restricted
only to those who are out of work and who had
actively looked for a job at sometime during the
previous four weeks.
By this calculation, some 7.7 million people
were out of work Tn December, or 8.3 per cent of
the labor force.
That's the official figures, the one publicized
each month, and it is a terribly high one that
would lead every other industrial nation to take
drastic steps to create jobs; indeed most with even
lower unemployment figures have already done
Bad as it is though, this figure is just the tip of
the iceberg. The Bureau excludes from its count
many millions who, by any measure of defining
joblessness, should be included.
For example, among those not counted as
jobless are the "discouraged workers,' some five
million people who have simply given up hopes of
finding a job and are not actively looking for
work. When asked by the Bureau's enumerators if
TO BE EQUA
ly VEENONL JORDAN
btctf ra Dirtttor Nofiwal
they want to work, they answer that they would
accept employment and want it, but they are sure
there are not jobs ou t there.
Another large group, over three-and-a-half
million people, want full-time jobs but can't find
them, so they're working part-time. They too are
not included among the unemployed, although a
Congressional Committee has suggested half their
number be included in the jobless count. Any
part-time work, even if it's just a few hours a
week, makes a person "employed" in the official
Nor does the official count take into
consideration, as many suggest, full-time workers
toiling for less than poverty wages, a group that
includes a quarter of black workers.
The National Urban League publishes a
"Hidden Unemployment Index" each quarter that
includes in addition to the officially defined
unemployed, half the part-time jobholders who
want full-time work and all the "discouraged
workers." This far more accurate estimate of true
joblessness in our country showsalmost 15 million
people out of work, or about 15 per cent of the
labor force, almost double the official figures.
That's a big difference. Can Vou imagine the
public reaction if the government announced each
month that 15 per cent of all workers are jobless?
It would lead to tremendous pressures for
adoption of a full employment policy. Perhaps
that's why there's such resistance to change.
In fact, conservative critics want the Bureau's
figures even more narrowly defined, even to the
point of not counting as unemployed anyone who
has a working spouse or anyone who's been jobless
for under a month or so. That would cut the
official rate quite a bit and make a Depression
look like prosperity.
There's a real danger that such numbers-juggling
would deepen the already mistaken mood of
complacency about the hardship faced by so many
millions of families today. The only honest
statistics are those that actually count people who
are not working in full-time jobs although they
want to. Politicized playing with false body counts
can only result in well-founded charges of covering
up the intolerable degree of wasted human and
material resources in our country.
But the most important thing policy-makers
ought to bring away from a look at the statistics
is the enormity of personal hardship,
artificially-induced poverty, and great suffering
they represent. Behind the debate over the current
laundered unemployment statistics lies the need
for a national full employment policy that
guarantees to everyone the right to a decent job.
Ford's Budget Roles Poor
If you are one of the 11 million Americans
currently unemployed. Ford's new budget will
keep you in that condition, at least through 1976.
If you were fortunate enough to get one of the
310,000 Federally supported public service jobs
last year, don't look forward to such luck past
1976; Ford's '77 budget, projects dumping such
To quote Ford, "Five out of six jobs in this
country are in private business and industry.
Common sense tells us this is the place to look for
more jobs and to find them faster." Only someone
totally out of touch with the devastating plight of
the unemployed in this depression could make
such a silly, unfeeling statement.
But then, the President's new budget and his
explanations for the un-called for 8.9 increase in
the arms budget, and his cruel cuts in
people-oriented programs are prime examples of
his commitment to the rich and powerful
corporate influences in this countryThese forces,
therefore, are going to be heavily subsidized by the
President's concept of how to end this depression.
His theory is a reverse of the old Robin Hood
theme of robbing from the rich and giving to the
poor. The President believes that if we give federal
dollars (through clever tax writeoffs incentives) to
the corporate rich,.-somehow such largesse will
filter (or is it "trickle"; down to the poor.
So the President wants the Congress to allow
the business community to receive about $6.2
billion in 1977 tax benefits (with more later.) His
claim is that such tax relief will induce business to
increase their reinvestment into their businesses
which in turn will increase production and increase
employment To date, there is no substantive
evidence that this in fact will happen; most
businesses, hard pressed for profits, will probably
just pocket this windfall if Congress is is foolish
enough to hand it to them.
The President has something else in mind for
tne average American, however. For those that are
still working, he wants to increase the payroll tax
for Social Security (which already increases
automatically with the increase in inflation.)
For those senior citizens that have been
whipped unmercifully by inflation and the high
cost of living, the President proposed that they
assume a greater share of their medicare costs
which will bite even deeper into their limited
There are some people for example that really
need food stamps. Too badl The President plans to
cut this program by about one billion dollars.
In addition, Ford plans to make cuts in
programs involving education ($1 billion dollars)
and veterans benefits (about $2 billion).
This budget is out of step with the times, and
the serious economic pitfalls this country faces. So
are the concepts of its author.
His inability to comprehend the magnitude of
this depression on the average American is
appalling. !, therefore, believe that the Congress
will once again have to face the President's
unprecedented use of the veto in order for the
Congress to bring a reasonable approach to fiscal
responsibility that the Presidenfseems to tack.,
Presidential Citation In Order for Roy Wilkins
Roy Wilkins, the venerable executive director
of the NAACP, announced this month that he
intends to step down from the helm of tr.o
nation's-' largest and most effective civil righ'
organization. His move will signal the end of one
of the most important eras in the history of the U.
After more than 40 years of affiliation with the
National Association s for the Advancement of
Colored People, its executive director for two
decades, Wilkins will leave an organization that
had the single most dramatic impact on social and
racial change of any in our history.
His has been an honorable and charismatic
leadership leadership however, that has not
always gone unquestioned in terms of tactics but
never in terms of integrity and probity.
For my part, I believe that nation owes Wilkins
a profound vote of gratitude. He should, in this
Bicentennial year, be called to the White House
and presented a grateful nation's highest citation,
the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Washington Post Columnist, William Raspberry
points out the fact that half the American people
under age 30 have no memory of a Wilkins-less
I would venture to say, this is especially true of
the black community where, the U. S. Bureau of
Census, tells us, that more than half of the
population is young - between the ages of 18-35.
!t has been my good fortune and pleasure to
work with Wilkins over the years. A stubborn man,
a tough man, but a fair man - a leader with an
unswerving goal - equality for the black man in
America. He never lost sight of this goal and his
mission was forever moving forward and unsullied.
The Wilkins' NAACP era embraces one of the
most turbulent and significant periods in our
history. When Wilkins joined the NAACP in the
early 1930's as a young newspapers, (editor of the
Kansas Call) the country was in a deep depression.
Legal segregation was the law of the land;
discrimination in housing, jobs, public
accommodations, education, legal justice, voter
registration, was rampant, north, south, east and
He lived to see many of the outward vestiges of
racial discrimination removed and while the
NAACP did not initiate the freedom rides or the
militant young black sit-in movement, Wilkins'
NAACP, nevertheless furnished major legal
assistance to them.
Along with countless others, I join in wishing
the NAACP Board Godspeed in its awesome taks
task of seeking someone to fill the giant Wilkins'
shoes - shoes that have strode like a colossus across
the sweeping landscape of civil rights and human
It is pointless to speculate on his replacement,
for like his predecesoor, Walter White, there will
never be another like him. We should hope - no,
pray that this venerable organization Wilkins has
headed with such honor for so many years, will be
guided by someone who will carry forward his
leadership and standing as if it were on his
shoulders, carrying it to even greater heights.
It is a shame that this civil rights group that has
done so much to raise so many from a stooping
position to one of standing proudly erect, should
be in a strapped condition for funds.
And it would be my hope that the organization
while permitting Wilkins to return to private life
after a long and honorable service would,
nevertheless, continue to avail itself of his wisdom
and sweeping intellectual know-how by placing
him in a position of an executive-director-emeritus
consultant. He would thus continue, on
another level, his highly useful existence, and we
would be the richer for the arrangement. (NNPA)
by Sherwood Ross
You may not care what
happens to the Hopi and Papago
Indians out in Arizona but if
you want to keep well, and see
your children grow up strong
and healthy, you might take five
minutes to read this warning.
WARNING: THE U. S.
AGRICULTURE MAY BE
DANGEROUS TO YOUR
HEALTH. At least, that's been
the case based on the foods that
the U. S. government has been
peddling to the Indians, and it
may well be true of the kinds of
foods the government is dishing
out under its various programs
designed to feed the nations
I call to your attention the
new issue of PREVENTION
magazine, which is charging the
government is passing out "junk
foods" that are inferior to! the
traditional staples of the Arizona
Indian tribes. According to. an
article titled, "White Man's
Food Bad Medicine for Indian
author Dominick Bosco said that
what the Hopi were getting from
the government braintrusters
were "barrels of white flour,
white rice, degerminated
fat...barrels of junkl"
No, the Indians did not get
such nutritional foods as meat,
milk, eggs, fish, fresh vegetables
and fruit in significant
quantities. Instead, they got
starchy, filling edibles that filled
bellies but have little to offer in
the way of nutrition.
Author Bosco compared the
Hopi cornmeal to the
commercial product and found
it had twice the calcium, more
iron, and four times the zinc
than what the white man was
handing out. The same went for
Hopi bread and so on. All of
which ought to make us
re-examine the foods
available under U. S. Government
aid and doled out to children in
the public schools.
Are these children being given
lots of white bread? (Don't
believe 'em when they call white
bread 'enriched,' mother. Nearly
everything decent has been
milled out of white bread made
commercially and the 'enriched'
that is put back in won't make
anvbodv verv healthy.)
Are the children being given . North tadtaa 27701.
See MAGAZINE WEEK page 8
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Things You Should Know
Pastor of the African presbyterian
church, new york city, he was an intrepd
pioneer of journalism . in 1827 he co
e0it0re0 the first american ne0ro
NSWSPAPR,rREEDOM JOURNAL IN
1630, IT BECAME RIGHTS QFALL IN
1837, HE PUT OUT THE WEEKLY ADVOCATE
THI8 WAS LATER RENAMED THE COLORED