The Carolina Times (Durham, … /
Feb. 14, 1976, edition 1 /
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tlOWMESEHDBACH OTHER W
OEATHIM SMALL OAGS. fy X--
CXAYTOK RILEY ll I VTT"" f.
""""" m Lmf r
"If there is no struflgle there it no progress. Trios who propose to favor freedom and yet;
depreciate agitation, are men who want crops without plowing up the ground. They want
rain without thunder and lightning. They want the oceans' majestic waves without theawful
roar of its waters.'
You Can Do Something About It
Most Qluvreceive at least one phone
calljpr knockiiCfQi4oor per week from
son one .viniifj&r)m to contribute
mo4ey for some so-called ' worthy'
cause. Qiiite often we make a
contribution just to get them off of our
backs only to discover a few days later
that the organization soliciting money
was fradulent. This money down the
drain, but there is something you can do
about it. .
Ed Edgerton, special assistance for
licensing in the Department of Human
Resources, said, "If you are confronted
by door-to-door or telephone sales and
doubt the sincerity of the organization
or the salesman, start asking questions.
Find out where the sponsoring:
organization is located, what specific
charitable group the money . is going to,
how much the charitable group.' will be
receiving and where the salesman is
from," stated Edgerton. "Do hot be
fooled by T-shirts with emblems or an
ID card with the salesman's name
printed in magic marker. Be particularly
suspicious if the soliciting agent is a
small child or a handicapped person.
Organizations sometimes use such agents
as a sympathy appeal," cautioned
According to Edgerton, solicitation
by and for charitable organizations is the
third largest industry in the United
States. It is a $25 billion operation in the
nation and a $347 million business in
Tne Council of Better Business
Bureaus indicated that about 1.0
percent of the organizations are rip-offs.
Half of the remaining organizations are
deficient in their accountability and the
remainder are operating within the limits
prescribed by law.
North Carolina lias had a law
regulating the licencing of organizations
seeking funds for f charitable purposes
since 1939. The 1975 General Assembly
passed another lawjj tightening controls
on these organizations even more. This
law provides for more accountability and
public disclosure of facts, tightens
enforcement procedures, prevents
deceptive and dishonest statements and .
.conduct in. an offiapization s solicitation
of funds, and eliminates many of the
organizations previously exempted from
the law. It also defines and regulates
more stringently the professional fund
raising counsel and the professional
A professional fund raising counsel
primarily consults, works on a flat fee
basis and does not participate in the
actual solicitation. A professional
solicitor works on a percentage basis and
does participate in the actual solicitation.
To be licensed, professionals must post a
$5,000 bond and have all contracts with
charitable organizations approved in
writing. A professional solicitor's
percentage is limited to 15 percent of
the gross amount collected tnrough his
solicitation after cost of goods and
services are deducted.
Those organizations needing to apply
for solicitation licenses include:
1. Nonexempt charitable
organizations which seek to raise more
than $2,U00 for religious,, cultural,
educational, scientific, eleemosynary
(supported by a charity) and oth.3r
charitable purposes, :i A , . ,., . . ;
2. Religious organizations which
solicit outside of their own membership
or seek to raise money for secular
purposes such as food, clothing, shelter,
education, medical and disaster relief. Exempt
status is forfeited when professional
'. fund raising counsels or professional
solicitors are used. ,
, The 1 975 la vi passed by the Genera
Assemoiy ::ihoj up signa i&q. i nvr
doucuauon Licensing oe served xy an
Congress has just passed a $6.1 billion jobs bill,
which will put, about 800,000 workers back to
work. The President says he will veto this bill, and
the confrontation with, the: Congress,; which, the.
President denies he buses, will occur all over
So far the President has vetoed 44 bills; most of
these vetoed bills wer concerned with the social
and economic needs f ordinary people. People
: who are ill-housed, ill-fed and ill-clothed.
But the President cpuld care less. In fact he is
more concerned, about his Grand Rapids, ultra
conservative linage, and what running Ronnie
Reagan thinks than; he evidences about the
disastrous construction industry, and the failing
' economy.';' fg- iy'.'.'-' t
What is the president's plan for the eight
million unemployedWell if you check his budget
youTl find that he projects about 6.0 million
people still seeidng jobs in 1976. And it doesn't
get any better thereafter. In essence this is as close
to non-planning as you can get.
The President contends that the private sector
will eventuallyl (I said eventually' )recover, real
jobs will abound. In other words, all we have to do
is sit tight, make no plans beyond heaping ,
additional tax benefits jon big business, and
providing more tax loopholes for the rich. These
actions will thus stimulate the economy, says the
President and we'll live happily ever after as a
result. (Marie Antionette said let the poor feat
cake"; President Ford says let them "buy stocks' .)
In the meantime while the President vetoes
every significant jobs bill passed by the Congress,
he also projects cutting benefits for people in the
areas of medicare, education, nutrition and
He wants to falsi social security taxes, so that
' those least able to sustain the increases will be hit
diehardest. : '. .
The jobs bill Is certainly no panacea, and will
not solve the problem of most of those now
unemployed, Bui it will help oniM
" stimulate the economy, especially the building
trades, and the spin-off from this stimulation will
probably double the projected employment figure
Of 800,000. ! ; !u , . .
What is obvious is thfl, when jeople go back to
work, they earn money,,Their.earnings are spent
on goods and services. Someone must supply those
goods and service if the,, demand is Respectable
"enough, then ptKnibj.empJ!oxe4 p meet that ;
demand. Sounds iimplf,0flugb,t it Is precisely
this, configuration wa,the Preside ! P'"st-. v
! Another inteUigent feature of the jobs bill is
that Us supplying, uof aid : o states and local
communities, Js tied to.the increase and decrease
of unemployment. This means when a need exists ;
(as uUhis current d-pression.) communities will be
helped by the Federal government. When no need
, exists, communities will then continue to rely on ,
their own resources. .
It makes sense. The President's stance docsnt.
Lester Granger, Unsung Hero
When Lester Granger died early in January,
little attention was paid to the event and while
some older people vaguely recalled the name,
others knew nothing about the man and what he
That in itself tells us something about the
shameful way contributors to our achievements
and our heritage are shunted aside and forgotten,
even in their lifetimes, in the constant pursuit for
new and ever more exotic people and issues.
It is especially important, then, that we take
advantage of the Black History Week celebrations
to recall not only Lester Granger's contributions,
but those of other unsung black heroes, men and
women who not only survived the days of blatant
racist oppression, but led the fight to end it, a
fight whose beneficiaries we all are.
And the fact that this is the Bicentennial year
makes it all the more important for the Lester
Grangers of our history to be brought out of the
unfair obscurity of the past and restored to their
rightful place in our nation's history.
Granger was executive director of the National
Urban League for twenty of the stormiest years in
our history, from 1941 to 1961. He presided over
that agency through a World War, the
desegregation of the armed forces, the Korean
War, and the, beginnings of the southern civil rights
movement, and he did it with distinction.
hi the 193,0's, whenall unions were suspect and
blacks were preWntedJrAn joininj 'jhern bpth by
racists who refused to integrate their unions and
by local forces that' tri$d to stop blacks from
organizing anything memselves, Granger led the
fight for unionization of black labor.
TO BE EQUAL
By VERNON L JORDAN
Executive Director National
Through the Urban League's Workers' Council
movement he directed, he recruited black workers
to join unions and if white unionists refused them ,
membership, to set up union locals of their own.
Often, such work meant risking his life.
When war loomed, he was one of the key men
who backed Phil Randolph's plans for a March on
Washington, leading to an executive order opening
defense plants to black workers. And when war
came, he helped set up placement programs that
got blacks into those defense jobs.
One of his big targets was military segregation.
How many young people today know that blacks
were segregated into separate units up to the
Korean War in the early 50s? It was largely
through Granger's efforts that the armed forces
became integrated; in 1945 he conducted a
personal study for the Secretary of the Navy that
resulted in breaking down racial barriers in that
service. . i i nrf -.
" Wlferr the & Supreme V totfrl HufeM scftqpj ,
segregation unconstitutional Granger loudly
backed the decision, bringing down upon his
organization the full wrath of the frustrated
southern segregationists whose locally powerful
pressures resulted in a drying up of funds for some
local Leagues. But Granger held firm and the
organization weathered the storm.
He took' oVcr a debt-ridden Urban League and
shepherded it through one of the most unstable
periods in American history. At the end of his
reign the League was stronger and more solidly
entrenched than, ever before, and black people had
made- significant advances, at least in some smau
part through his efforts.
Men like Lester Granger must not be permitted
to fade into obscurity. Older leaders like Walter
White of the NAACP, the still-active A. Philip
Randolph, Mary McLeod Bethune, Paul
Robeson, and a host of Others of their generation
must have their stories told in the Schools, in
churches and synagogues, and in civic meetings at
all times and not only on Black History Week
Lester Granger once defined black goals as "the
right to work, the right to vote, the right to
physical safety and the right to dignity and
self-respect." The struggle for those goals is still
with us, and by keeping the memory of Lester
Granger and the multitude of other unsung black
heroes before us, we have a better chance of
fulfilling those goals.
At a time when so many figures in American
history are dredged up and presented to the public
in Bicentennial programs that make noble heroes
but of sWoMers- khd1 moral' stiteimTeV' butf a
'"i p6lft5clartS 6f tw liundretf yeiWagotlKt'siihslst
having the true story of neglected 'black" fighters'
for justice told.
$43.2 Million Can Do A Lot
Voters will go the polls on March 23
to vote pnf the $43.2 million bond
statewide referendum for higher
education. $43.2 million can do a lot of
constructive things for the state's higher
educational system, especially
improvements for Black schools.
Black schools have been receiving the
smallest allotments of state funds for
years. The Black institutions constantly
round off last place in fund
appropriations. According to a pamplet
entitled, ' Appropriations of State Tax
. Funds for Operating Expenses of Higher
Education, 1975-76," A&T ranks eighth
in .the state for appropriations for
By Benjamin T. Forbes, News Editor
THE A & T REGISTER
operating expenses. The report states
that A&Ts operating expenditures were
$8,381. Schools like the University of
North Carolina at Chapel Hill received
$85,696 and N. C. State's operating
expenditures were $56,417 Other Jlack
schools in the state receive even less than
The report goes on to show that there
are only four white schools that have a
smaller operating budget than A&T.
These schools ar? UNC-Ashevil!e,
UNC-Wilmington, Pembroke State
University, and the NC School of the
Arts. Appropriations for operating
expenses for the School of the Arts was
BY RAY JENKINS
Week: Why Do
Vo Cclcbrata 11
advisory committee appointed by the A.
In the desegregation plan submitted
to HEW, the UNC system promised to
upgrade Black school programs. That
$43.2 million can do a lot of upgrading
for the state's five predominantly Black
institutions. If this bond referendum is
passed by the voters of the state, this
writer wonders how much of these funds
will be allocated to Black schools.
If the UNC system doesn't want to
give, the people of this state a lower
opinion of itself than it already has, then
it must live up to its promise. But then
again (with the UNC system) promises
are made to be broken.
Tilings Tou Should Know
Any inquuies concerning the lrceTrifsing
of an organization seeking funds for
charitable purposes and the legitimacy ot
sucn an organization soula be directed to
Mr. Ed Edgerton, Division of Facility
Services, Post Office Bos 1 2200, Raleigh,
CT20 Ef U CUCK F3SS
Tha Black Press believes that America can best lead the
world away from racial and national antagonisms Wien it
wii n aiMwv man rftoardlMt of race, color or creed, his
UA.- iC.J human and legal rights. Hating no man, fearing no man, the
ymmm J lk.3 . J tyxb Press strives to help every man in the firm belief that all
j ppJ are hurt as long as anyone is held back.
Imagine a society where
was , no government or
ritten laws, no jails, no
money," where a man was
judged by the content of his
character instead of his
bankroll; where war was little
more than a sport and people
lived for the common good of
everyone. That society would
have a true democracy where
the chief was directly
responsive to the people from
whom he receives all of his
power from; where crime was
almost non-existent? The first
thing that would come to mind
is: "What far off little hole jn
the globe could you be talking
about? You must be either
crazy or dreaming." Well, such
a society did exist! In fact,
there were many - practically
the entire continent of Africa
before the Europeans came in
the fifteenth century. When
the Europeans came, they were
astonished to find thriving
cities and highly complex
societies. But they were
probably not half so surprised
as many of us in this modern
world about rhese facts
because we not only didn't
know; we thought we actually
knew that all of Africa was a
place with a whole lot of
jungles and black folks
swinging from trees, talking a
lot of mumbo-jumbo and
eating people. We were raised
on a steady diet of Tarzan and
Jungle Jim, not realizing all the
time that most of those movies
were filmed in California and
that all of those barbarian
natives were American black
actors and actresses.
In 1926, a black man named
Carger G, Woodson saw' the
need for the rebirth in the
interest of the true story of
black people throughout the
See The" Point page 1 2
, . . The RECONSTRUCTION ACT OF 1867
AND THE I4M AMENDMENT 1668GllARANTEED
i CIVIL RIGHTS TO FREEDMEN. BASSET T, A RE-
CONSTRUCTION LEADER WHO STUDIED ClAS
SICSMATH86EN,LIT. AT YALE ft GRADUATED
FROM BIRMINGHAM ACADEMY ft CONN. STATE NORMAL SCHOOL.
WAS APPOINTED U S. MINISTERTO HAITI BETTER HOUSING J
CAME YEARS LATER.EX AMPLE' HARLEM RIVER HOUSES.JUHE tJ9?71
:. Lb,. austin .
Edhtf-!MMM 1927-1971 'u
PubiiaW tvary Sataday at
Durham, N.C. I
Maflii AddretflipQ.Jox 3125.''
Durham, North Carolina 27702 . .
Second Oaii Fotttee Paid at "
'.Durham, North Carolina 27702
SUBSCRIPTION RATES )
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iTOTALuu.,'-... ,H. n.68;
Hast CpJ .ii', .20i
PayaMe in advance. Address aft
; eommuntcations and maka aQ
I.Yh 10017, National AdvartUai
Prcai International Phot?
for the return of uiuoUdted newt?
(pictures, or advartlamf eW
(anleti necessary . pestaaa'
I PpWob exDreimd h I'
mnitU la thai
MnclMl office located at 4S
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