tlOWMESEHDBACH OTHER W OEATHIM SMALL OAGS. fy X-- CXAYTOK RILEY ll I VTT"" f. """"" m Lmf r "If there is no struflgle there it no progress. Trios who propose to favor freedom and yet; depreciate agitation, are men who want crops without plowing up the ground. They want rain without thunder and lightning. They want the oceans' majestic waves without theawful 1 roar of its waters.' Frederick Douglass ietotassWtf' You Can Do Something About It Most Qluvreceive at least one phone calljpr knockiiCfQi4oor per week from son one .viniifj&r)m to contribute mo4ey for some so-called ' worthy' cause. Qiiite often we make a contribution just to get them off of our backs only to discover a few days later that the organization soliciting money was fradulent. This money down the drain, but there is something you can do about it. . Ed Edgerton, special assistance for licensing in the Department of Human Resources, said, "If you are confronted by door-to-door or telephone sales and doubt the sincerity of the organization or the salesman, start asking questions. Find out where the sponsoring: organization is located, what specific charitable group the money . is going to, how much the charitable group.' will be receiving and where the salesman is from," stated Edgerton. "Do hot be fooled by T-shirts with emblems or an ID card with the salesman's name printed in magic marker. Be particularly suspicious if the soliciting agent is a small child or a handicapped person. Organizations sometimes use such agents as a sympathy appeal," cautioned Edgerton. According to Edgerton, solicitation by and for charitable organizations is the third largest industry in the United States. It is a $25 billion operation in the nation and a $347 million business in North Carolina. Tne Council of Better Business Bureaus indicated that about 1.0 percent of the organizations are rip-offs. Half of the remaining organizations are deficient in their accountability and the remainder are operating within the limits prescribed by law. North Carolina lias had a law regulating the licencing of organizations seeking funds for f charitable purposes since 1939. The 1975 General Assembly passed another lawjj tightening controls on these organizations even more. This law provides for more accountability and public disclosure of facts, tightens enforcement procedures, prevents deceptive and dishonest statements and . .conduct in. an offiapization s solicitation of funds, and eliminates many of the organizations previously exempted from the law. It also defines and regulates more stringently the professional fund raising counsel and the professional solicitor. A professional fund raising counsel primarily consults, works on a flat fee basis and does not participate in the actual solicitation. A professional solicitor works on a percentage basis and does participate in the actual solicitation. To be licensed, professionals must post a $5,000 bond and have all contracts with charitable organizations approved in writing. A professional solicitor's percentage is limited to 15 percent of the gross amount collected tnrough his solicitation after cost of goods and services are deducted. Those organizations needing to apply for solicitation licenses include: 1. Nonexempt charitable organizations which seek to raise more than $2,U00 for religious,, cultural, educational, scientific, eleemosynary (supported by a charity) and oth.3r charitable purposes, :i A , . ,., . . ; 2. Religious organizations which solicit outside of their own membership or seek to raise money for secular purposes such as food, clothing, shelter, education, medical and disaster relief. Exempt status is forfeited when professional '. fund raising counsels or professional solicitors are used. , , The 1 975 la vi passed by the Genera Assemoiy ::ihoj up signa i&q. i nvr doucuauon Licensing oe served xy an Congress has just passed a $6.1 billion jobs bill, which will put, about 800,000 workers back to work. The President says he will veto this bill, and the confrontation with, the: Congress,; which, the. President denies he buses, will occur all over again. So far the President has vetoed 44 bills; most of these vetoed bills wer concerned with the social and economic needs f ordinary people. People : who are ill-housed, ill-fed and ill-clothed. But the President cpuld care less. In fact he is more concerned, about his Grand Rapids, ultra conservative linage, and what running Ronnie Reagan thinks than; he evidences about the disastrous construction industry, and the failing ' economy.';' fg- iy'.'.'-' t What is the president's plan for the eight million unemployedWell if you check his budget youTl find that he projects about 6.0 million people still seeidng jobs in 1976. And it doesn't get any better thereafter. In essence this is as close to non-planning as you can get. The President contends that the private sector will eventuallyl (I said eventually' )recover, real jobs will abound. In other words, all we have to do rjv(ins' Column is sit tight, make no plans beyond heaping , additional tax benefits jon big business, and providing more tax loopholes for the rich. These actions will thus stimulate the economy, says the President and we'll live happily ever after as a result. (Marie Antionette said let the poor feat cake"; President Ford says let them "buy stocks' .) In the meantime while the President vetoes every significant jobs bill passed by the Congress, he also projects cutting benefits for people in the areas of medicare, education, nutrition and welfare. He wants to falsi social security taxes, so that ' those least able to sustain the increases will be hit diehardest. : '. . The jobs bill Is certainly no panacea, and will not solve the problem of most of those now unemployed, Bui it will help oniM " stimulate the economy, especially the building trades, and the spin-off from this stimulation will probably double the projected employment figure Of 800,000. ! ; !u , . . What is obvious is thfl, when jeople go back to work, they earn money,,Their.earnings are spent on goods and services. Someone must supply those goods and service if the,, demand is Respectable "enough, then ptKnibj.empJ!oxe4 p meet that ; demand. Sounds iimplf,0flugb,t it Is precisely this, configuration wa,the Preside ! P'"st-. v ! Another inteUigent feature of the jobs bill is that Us supplying, uof aid : o states and local communities, Js tied to.the increase and decrease of unemployment. This means when a need exists ; (as uUhis current d-pression.) communities will be helped by the Federal government. When no need , exists, communities will then continue to rely on , their own resources. . It makes sense. The President's stance docsnt. Lester Granger, Unsung Hero When Lester Granger died early in January, little attention was paid to the event and while some older people vaguely recalled the name, others knew nothing about the man and what he stood for. That in itself tells us something about the shameful way contributors to our achievements and our heritage are shunted aside and forgotten, even in their lifetimes, in the constant pursuit for new and ever more exotic people and issues. It is especially important, then, that we take advantage of the Black History Week celebrations to recall not only Lester Granger's contributions, but those of other unsung black heroes, men and women who not only survived the days of blatant racist oppression, but led the fight to end it, a fight whose beneficiaries we all are. And the fact that this is the Bicentennial year makes it all the more important for the Lester Grangers of our history to be brought out of the unfair obscurity of the past and restored to their rightful place in our nation's history. Granger was executive director of the National Urban League for twenty of the stormiest years in our history, from 1941 to 1961. He presided over that agency through a World War, the desegregation of the armed forces, the Korean War, and the, beginnings of the southern civil rights movement, and he did it with distinction. hi the 193,0's, whenall unions were suspect and blacks were preWntedJrAn joininj 'jhern bpth by racists who refused to integrate their unions and by local forces that' tri$d to stop blacks from organizing anything memselves, Granger led the fight for unionization of black labor. v TO BE EQUAL By VERNON L JORDAN Executive Director National Urban League Through the Urban League's Workers' Council movement he directed, he recruited black workers to join unions and if white unionists refused them , membership, to set up union locals of their own. Often, such work meant risking his life. When war loomed, he was one of the key men who backed Phil Randolph's plans for a March on Washington, leading to an executive order opening defense plants to black workers. And when war came, he helped set up placement programs that got blacks into those defense jobs. One of his big targets was military segregation. How many young people today know that blacks were segregated into separate units up to the Korean War in the early 50s? It was largely through Granger's efforts that the armed forces became integrated; in 1945 he conducted a personal study for the Secretary of the Navy that resulted in breaking down racial barriers in that service. . i i nrf -. " Wlferr the & Supreme V totfrl HufeM scftqpj , segregation unconstitutional Granger loudly backed the decision, bringing down upon his organization the full wrath of the frustrated southern segregationists whose locally powerful pressures resulted in a drying up of funds for some local Leagues. But Granger held firm and the organization weathered the storm. He took' oVcr a debt-ridden Urban League and shepherded it through one of the most unstable periods in American history. At the end of his reign the League was stronger and more solidly entrenched than, ever before, and black people had made- significant advances, at least in some smau part through his efforts. Men like Lester Granger must not be permitted to fade into obscurity. Older leaders like Walter White of the NAACP, the still-active A. Philip Randolph, Mary McLeod Bethune, Paul Robeson, and a host of Others of their generation must have their stories told in the Schools, in churches and synagogues, and in civic meetings at all times and not only on Black History Week celebrations. Lester Granger once defined black goals as "the right to work, the right to vote, the right to physical safety and the right to dignity and self-respect." The struggle for those goals is still with us, and by keeping the memory of Lester Granger and the multitude of other unsung black heroes before us, we have a better chance of fulfilling those goals. At a time when so many figures in American history are dredged up and presented to the public in Bicentennial programs that make noble heroes but of sWoMers- khd1 moral' stiteimTeV' butf a '"i p6lft5clartS 6f tw liundretf yeiWagotlKt'siihslst having the true story of neglected 'black" fighters' for justice told. $43.2 Million Can Do A Lot Voters will go the polls on March 23 to vote pnf the $43.2 million bond statewide referendum for higher education. $43.2 million can do a lot of constructive things for the state's higher educational system, especially improvements for Black schools. Black schools have been receiving the smallest allotments of state funds for years. The Black institutions constantly round off last place in fund appropriations. According to a pamplet entitled, ' Appropriations of State Tax . Funds for Operating Expenses of Higher Education, 1975-76," A&T ranks eighth in .the state for appropriations for By Benjamin T. Forbes, News Editor THE A & T REGISTER operating expenses. The report states that A&Ts operating expenditures were $8,381. Schools like the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill received $85,696 and N. C. State's operating expenditures were $56,417 Other Jlack schools in the state receive even less than A&T. The report goes on to show that there are only four white schools that have a smaller operating budget than A&T. These schools ar? UNC-Ashevil!e, UNC-Wilmington, Pembroke State University, and the NC School of the Arts. Appropriations for operating expenses for the School of the Arts was IK POlllT: BY RAY JENKINS Dbdt lllstcry Week: Why Do Vo Cclcbrata 11 advisory committee appointed by the A. governor. rRWgB! only $1,864. In the desegregation plan submitted to HEW, the UNC system promised to upgrade Black school programs. That $43.2 million can do a lot of upgrading for the state's five predominantly Black institutions. If this bond referendum is passed by the voters of the state, this writer wonders how much of these funds will be allocated to Black schools. If the UNC system doesn't want to give, the people of this state a lower opinion of itself than it already has, then it must live up to its promise. But then again (with the UNC system) promises are made to be broken. Tilings Tou Should Know Any inquuies concerning the lrceTrifsing of an organization seeking funds for charitable purposes and the legitimacy ot sucn an organization soula be directed to Mr. Ed Edgerton, Division of Facility Services, Post Office Bos 1 2200, Raleigh, 27605,9182y45l0 CT20 Ef U CUCK F3SS Tha Black Press believes that America can best lead the world away from racial and national antagonisms Wien it wii n aiMwv man rftoardlMt of race, color or creed, his UA.- iC.J human and legal rights. Hating no man, fearing no man, the ymmm J lk.3 . J tyxb Press strives to help every man in the firm belief that all j ppJ are hurt as long as anyone is held back. Imagine a society where was , no government or ritten laws, no jails, no money," where a man was judged by the content of his character instead of his bankroll; where war was little more than a sport and people lived for the common good of everyone. That society would have a true democracy where the chief was directly responsive to the people from whom he receives all of his power from; where crime was almost non-existent? The first thing that would come to mind is: "What far off little hole jn the globe could you be talking about? You must be either crazy or dreaming." Well, such a society did exist! In fact, there were many - practically the entire continent of Africa before the Europeans came in the fifteenth century. When the Europeans came, they were astonished to find thriving cities and highly complex societies. But they were probably not half so surprised as many of us in this modern world about rhese facts because we not only didn't know; we thought we actually knew that all of Africa was a place with a whole lot of jungles and black folks swinging from trees, talking a lot of mumbo-jumbo and eating people. We were raised on a steady diet of Tarzan and Jungle Jim, not realizing all the time that most of those movies were filmed in California and that all of those barbarian natives were American black actors and actresses. In 1926, a black man named Carger G, Woodson saw' the need for the rebirth in the interest of the true story of black people throughout the See The" Point page 1 2 RAsvR'T J.,!. , . . The RECONSTRUCTION ACT OF 1867 AND THE I4M AMENDMENT 1668GllARANTEED i CIVIL RIGHTS TO FREEDMEN. BASSET T, A RE- i CONSTRUCTION LEADER WHO STUDIED ClAS SICSMATH86EN,LIT. AT YALE ft GRADUATED FROM BIRMINGHAM ACADEMY ft CONN. STATE NORMAL SCHOOL. WAS APPOINTED U S. MINISTERTO HAITI BETTER HOUSING J CAME YEARS LATER.EX AMPLE' HARLEM RIVER HOUSES.JUHE tJ9?71 :. Lb,. austin . Edhtf-!MMM 1927-1971 'u PubiiaW tvary Sataday at Durham, N.C. I by UJt6dfuelihert.Inc. Maflii AddretflipQ.Jox 3125.'' Durham, North Carolina 27702 . . Second Oaii Fotttee Paid at " '.Durham, North Carolina 27702 SUBSCRIPTION RATES ) One Year, .Sales Tax.. .$8.50, ;34 TOTAL-...,....,.. ......... M g.M I (Two Ywi . njxj, (Sales Taw...-........,....;,, fig-i iTOTALuu.,'-... ,H. n.68; Hast CpJ .ii', .20i PayaMe in advance. Address aft ; eommuntcations and maka aQ I.Yh 10017, National AdvartUai Prcai International Phot? sr TlMPubUAorkaotrHpoiuibk for the return of uiuoUdted newt? (pictures, or advartlamf eW (anleti necessary . pestaaa' I PpWob exDreimd h I' . i. s Mwaatperco repreeini tha -Col not .neesataruV policy oinui mnitU la thai rfly r MMMHt. MnclMl office located at 4S

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