The Carolina Times (Durham, … /
Feb. 28, 1976, edition 1 /
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2 -TV CAROLINA SAT- FEBRUARY . 1978
Uw Abiding Blacks Must Spesk Out . . .
RAPE HAS 0ECOME
A BLACK CRIME"
A BLACK DETROIT
HE SAID IN ONE 24
HOUR PERIOD EIGHT
VICTIMS HERE BLACK.
SO WERE THERAPISTS.
KEEPING BROADCASTERS FAIR
The Federal Communications Commission has a
host of requirements, to insure that licensees are
acting ti genuine fiduciaries for their listening and
viewing communities, that they indeed live up to
their mandate ah "encouched in the Federal
Communfcationj Commission's Act of 1934, to
operate ' in the public's interest, convenience and
And for the most part, the majority of our
licensees make honest and determined attempts to
do so. Until recent years, however, it was rare that
one bad apple in the barrel was cast out or made
to pay for his crime of not serving the
I am not, despite what some may mink "a
hanging judge." Because of the unique nature of a
broadcasting license, I tend to equate revocation
with capital punishment.
So 1 think if is 'an extreme remedy which
should be used only in those "egregious' cases'1 -popular
term at jhe FCC - where there is no hope
of rehabilitation br where the violations are such
that the listening or viewing public has been
deprived of the equitable and conscientious
community service it is entitled to in return for a
licensee's prescriptive rights over the public's
airways. V ;
To a broadcaster, license and a station are the
tools of his trade and the law in this country has
: I j
' FCC -
always been very reluctant to deprive a man of the
tools of his trade without serious justificaiton. I
On the other hand, 1 would not long suffer a
broadcaster who doesn't understand what the term
"communication" means. Communication, as we
all know, is a two-way street and broadcasters
must make ceaseless, diligent and positive efforts
to seek out the problems and voices and talents of
the community and sub-communities they serve so
that all segments are adequately covered and the
right people are hired to do this on a good-faith
basis . Because I see this necessity for the
coverage of divergent voices, I am dedicated to
such Commission policy as the Fairness Doctrine
and our corollary Personal Attack Rule.
I am also a firm believer in Section 315 of our
rules. (This seciton declares that if any licensee
permits any person who is a legally qualified
candidate for any public office to use a
sroadcasting station, he shall afford equal
opportunitites to all other such candidates,
including minority candidates, for that office in
the use of such a broadcasting station.)
Not the latest version - which limits equal time,
or political debates but the old version as I
believe Congress intended U. . I don't think
anything makes a station 'look worse than its
demanding the right to be unfair or to air only its
side of a controversial issue or to attack a person's
reputation without giving ample time for response.
1 am also put off by the claim of some
broadcasters that if Section 315 is kept in effect, it
will 4 stifle" the coverage of candidates and critical
issues during an election campaign. 1 honestly feel
that a broadcaster, as part of the price he pays for
having the valuable broadcasting privilege, owes
the highest duty to the electorate during campaign
periods, to devote the resources of the station to
as full a coverage of all issues and parties possible.
In my view, that is a critical part of the
consideration a licensee must return to the public.
Section 315 does not "stifle' anything - it
promotes fully, equal coverage. If a broadcaster,
then 'stifles" election coverage, I think the
Commission is then compelled to "stifle" that
A JOB-HUNTING PRESIDENT
Divided They Fall
Black Americans have no business
fighting black Africans in Angola. This
whole Angola issue has the smell of
We seriously question Roy Innis'
motives in his efforts to recruit some
1,000 black Americans as "combat
medics' to join the UNITA forces. The
United States, Russia and all of the other
busy-bodies butting into Angola's
internal affairs ought to get out of the
newly independent country NOW before
More damage k ; doneandei&e
Angolans get on with the business of
healing their wounds and determining
their own destiny.
But no, the greedy superpowers see
rich oil fields and mineral reserves in
Angola. They also see that if they can
keep the Angolans fighting among
themselves long enough, they will
expend their strength, become
irrevocably divided and weak. The
country then becomes prey for
domination and colonialism from a new
What does Innis expect to gain from
his role besides lucre for his own
pockets?If Mr. Innis does indeed have
noble objectives, heertainly needs to
make them known - and quickly, before
this deal destroys what the Congress of
Racial Equality has built in reputation.
f More Americans are beginning to be persuaded
that the Federal government should provide
employment for people who want jobs whenever
the economy can't absorb those who are willing
and able to work. Some 70 per cent of the voters
in a recent New York TimesCBS News survey are
convinced that this should be government policy.
The President doesn't buy any of this; and if
you check his record on job-creation legislation,
you will find that he's vetoed every opportunity to
provide such significant programming.
He's already vetoed the $6.2 billion public
works bill, which would have put a minimum of
800,000 people back to work. His rationale was
ridiculously shallow, especially since the jobs were
primarily in the private sector (which he prefers,)
and not in the public sector. Of course, the
economy would have been stimulated, which
aggravates the President excessively. He is opposed
to intervening governmental moves which would
cause any economic stimulation, especially if those
factors moved at more than a snail's pace.
He probably will veto the House passed jobs bill
(CETA) which win provide about 600,000 jobs to
Unless the Congress overrides the President on
these two measures, he will have prevented some
1.4 million people from obtaining work. He will
have also prevented the residual employment of
persons who might have been employed by
supplying goods and services to the 1.4 million
returned workers, and to their respective
A natural response to the President's posture on
this question is - why in a depression, does he
oppose government job creation so vehemently?
When one goes beyond all of Ford's rhetroic, an
inescapable fact is that he can afford the luxury of
' W - . ,. : ... -
his position primarily because he, and all of his
economy -minded friends, are fully employed.
It's obvious that if you are employed, you are
less concerned about the unemployed.
On this note, I believe that if the President was
out of work, and was forced to job hunt in order
to support his family, he might be more
sympathetic to the plight of the unemployed.
Or furthei, if he had tp apply for
unemployment insurance and experience some of
the dehumanizing that occurs in this process, he
might become a more understanding and
Maybe even a year or so on welfare or food
stamps might help his attitude.
The President has become so immune to the
everyday struggle inherent in most people's
economic survival, that he has allowed his great
hick to cloud his mind. I wonder when he last
talked to an unemployed engineer, or an
unemployed construction worker, or an
unemployed laborer?It might do him some good;
it would surely not do him any harm.
But then, maybe he'll be unemployed before
any of us can say ' 'jack rabbit".
Wild Goose I.Q. Chase
When will the wild goose I. Q. chases
end and when will scientists stop trying
to find an intellectual difference
between blacks and whites based on
It is well to note the findings by a
panel of five white scientists at the
annual meeting of the American
Association for the Advancement of
Science who declared that there is no
relation between race and intelligence
and that it is simply wrong to speak of
different racial groups as having lower or
higher genetic potential
The panel, headed by Dr. Richard
Le won tin of Harvard University
contradicted the claims made by
Stanford University and Dr. William
Shockley and Harvard University; Drs.
Arthur Jensen and R. J. Herrnestein that
blacks are not of equal intelligence as
That piece of research will cause the
non-believers to scurry for studies that
will change that philosophy of thought.
If one would just observe that
throughout history blacks have achieved
in all areas of endeavor and if given the
same or equal opportunity will continue
If more money was placed into
opening opportunities for minorities and
less on some of these potential wild
goose chases, all groups could better
benefit and power could then be
distributed more equally for the
development of the greatest potential of
It must also be remembered that we
in America are' a multi-racial,
multi-cultural, multi-ethnic society and
one can find the best as well as the worst
in any such a diverse group.
Let us stop these wild goose I. Q.
chases in the name of educational
enterprise,' they are really balance of
power enterprises and move on to
improve the lifestyle of all people
through the development of their
MARCH D0UBLEHEADER COMING UP..
1 nlJS) til
W Mir J
Long under attack for their supposed
liberalism, many colleges and universities are
loudly protesting the need to initiate affirmative
action programs to employ more women and more
blacks and other rninprirJes.
Large corporations have instituted affirmative
action programs and some of the most rigid unions
are showing some -flexibility, but while some
universities have given in, others are still screaming
about the terrible things that will happen to them
if they have to hire more blacks and more women.
From the way some of them carry on, one
would think that Washington has placed an FBI
man in every college administrator's office to force
him to hire minorities. Actually though, the
proportion of blacks and women faculty has
barely changed over the last five years - it's still
less than three percent for blacks and 20 per cent
A major segment of the college community
recently spent a lot of time and effort to try to get
the government to ease affirmative action
standards as they relate to higher education. They
failed, but their statements of good intentions
would be more believable if that same time and
energy were spent trying to recruit minorities for
academic and administrative jobs on campus.
Colleges and universities are not exempt from
legal requirements for fair hiring applicable to
other major government contractors. They get
billions in federal grants and contracts and there's
just no excuse for the failure to show progress in
minority employment after all these years.
Universities often argue that there aren't
enough "qualified' blacks and that affirmative
action programs mean weakening the so-called
One would expect stronger arguments from
intellectuals. As Stephen Horn, President of
California State University has recently stated,
"Universities cannot simply plead that the supply
TO BE EQUAL
By VERNON L JORDAN
Ex' Director Notiottd
of qualified minorities and women is not available
when they have a major responsibility to provide
that supply.' And he points out that while one
out of every eight doctorates is held by a woman
only one of every fifty full professorships is held
by a woman.
The so-called merit system is a scarecrow
designed to frighten off serious attempts to correct
discriminatory practices. Hiring is still done
through the old-boy network of recommendations
by high ranking professors, and while many
schools say the minority pool is limited because of
fewer PhDs, some forty per cent of all faculty
members don't have a PhD.
When fair employment laws "first were passed
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we heard the same story, the merit system would
be weakened. Civil servants wouldn't be as
capable, and factory workers wouldn't be as
efficient. After at least ten years' experience with
fair employment laws we've found those excuses
to be a myth, but some college administrators still
cling to them.
i ne ugiy gtiost ot ' quotas" is also raised,
implying that every American will be categorized
by his ethnic background when applying for a job.
That too is false. Affirmative action encompasses
numerical goals as a benchmark with which to
measure an employer's good faith effort to correct
past discriminatory hiring practices.
One major affirmative action agreement with a
big university gives the school thirty years in
which to reach very modest minority employment
goals. So much for coercive quotas!
it would be instructive tor many colleges to
further heed the words of President THorn.
"Educational institutions and unions have
discriminated against minorities and women,' he
says. And he goes on to state that changes must be
made ' if our institutions are to reflect the
diversity and talents of the society of whkft we
are a part."
It's time for the academic community to come
out of its self-imposed ivory tower and into the
real world, where the society that feeds it has
claims for equal opportunities in higher education
no less strong than its claims on business and
Things You Should Know
pne Year ; ; $8.50
Yos, tVo All Talk
By Marcus H. Boulware
THE BENEFITS OF LISTENING
Marcus H. Boulware, Ph.D.
In every conversation there should be exactly ai much
listening a there is talking. Unfor tunately, such is rarely the
case. The listener has a very important and as effective as that of
the person doing the talking. There are many benefits that reward
you when you listen. A few of them are:
1. You conceal your own weakness.
. 2. You learn the other person's attitude.
3. You give the other person enjoyment. i
4. You store-up emphasis tor the statement you make
eventually. It is your smoke-screen.
It is obvious that in this column one cannot cover every aspect
of the art of listening. As long as you keep quiet, the necessity for
taking a stand is not present Once you talk, however, you must
Dmeuung. in oraei
y nothing. Likeh
than they, or that you know more than you really do.
say something. In order that you may not say the wrong thine.
notnlng. uxeiy as not, trie others think that you know
READERS: For my pamphlet "Good feteohone Soeech."
send two stamps and a long self-addressed business envelope to M.
H. Boulware, 430 Mercury Drive, Tallahassee, Florida - 32304. )
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; Principal office located at 4
Bast rettlfrew Street, Durha
'North nnM ")11M - T
. . . Congressman from n.carolina;
two terms from 1897 to 1901. there
WERE 23 NEGRO CONGRESSMEN FROM
1868 TO 1899 AND HE V4AS THE LAST Of
THE CENTURyon JAN.2q 1300, HE IN
TRODUCED THE FIRST BIU MAKING LYNCHING A FEDERAL OFFENSE
FROM JAN. TO QCJyl900. THERE WERE 114 LYNCHINGS REPORT
ED IN THE U.S.; 112 WERE IN THE SOUTH
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