North Carolina Newspapers

    Jose-!) F.
D?co!is I
Joseph F. Brooks, Emer
gency Land ' Fund President
and Director of the National s
Association of Landowners was
keynote speaker for the third
annual spring meeting of the
Student Committee on Land
Lost of Blacks; held-at A&T?
State University,. Greensboro v,
on March 26th.
, "Black land ownership "
in the South has declined pre-
dpitously since 1910. Over.
330,000 acres are now being
lost each year. If this massive
outflow of land is not halted,
not a single acre of black-own. ,
ed land will be left in thirteen
years," Brooks said: '.
, He stressed the fact that
"Black people are not only
forced to sell their land to rid .
themselves of debt, they are
also losing their land to un
scrupulous realtors and fast
talking lawyers. Tax sales, -partition
sales, and hasty fore
closures are separating fami
lies from their homesteads -
legal' maneuvers making a
mockery of contract law and
justice." ; .
.'"Aggravating this pro
blem," he asserted, "is the in
activity of the Department of
Agriculture agencies, most
notably the Farmers Home
Administration (FmHA). These
agencies, mandated by Con
gress to protect the family
farm, have failed time and time
again to provide black farmers
and landowners the finance i
capital and other supportive
services to which they are en-'
It is the purpose of the;
National Association of Land:
owners to give assistance to
needy fanners in all areas.,
SCOLLOB, INC. is working
in North Carolina to give
educational assistance to
Miss Debra A. Buie, rising
senior in Political Science and
Urban Studies at UNC at
Greensboro was elected SCOL
LOB, Inc.'s new president; Miss
Evelyn M. Gwynn, rising senior
and Student Government Assot
ciation secretary, A&T State
University. Greensboro was
elected secretary.
MsMildred B, Payton is
executive director, fi ;? ! ,';
Mead Start
Rocruifs The
Operation Breakthrough,
Inc., Head Start Program is re
cruiting handicapped children
for the next program year to
be mainstreamed into, the
Main streaming is expected
to give all the children a valu
able experience in learning to
understand and respect diff
erence among people. Con-
Sessional directive defines
indicapped as mentally re
tarded, hard ot neanng, aear,
speech impaired, visually
handicapped, seriously emo
tionally disturbed, crippled, or
other health-impaired children
requiring Special Education
and related services.
Children are being enrolled
to use the full range of Head
Start Education, health, nutri
tion, and other program
services under a congressional
mandate providing 10 per cent
of Head Start enrollment
nationwide for the handi
capped. This program has a
resource classroom for children
with special needs, maintained
with two Special Education
Teachers on the ,i pre-school
level. Also, the program em-
ploys a full-time Speech Patho
- logfst and a part-time Mental
" Health Consultant. V
1 For further information or
to enroll a child for the next
program year, please call
Vvette ; Baucum, Handicap
Coordinator, at 688-8111,
ext. 31 or 34, or come by
Operation Breakthrough, Inc.
811 West Main Street, Durham.
Th Members Of
ItaM Ck:?cl Ch:rch
Invite You To .
' Vcrdip With U$ fedi.'
...Sunday School 9:30 A.M.
Morning Worship 11:00 A M.
t:rco Cbpsl
1710 Sherman Avenue (Off S.
The members of the Azalea Garden Club met at the home
of Mrs. Sallie Hanis on Rosewood Avenue for their March meet-
ing. The president; ; Mrs. Roxie Barnes, presided over the
business session j which - included " some committee reports. -;
Mr. and Mrs. James Schooler conducted a.,"Show and Tell"
about fifty or more plants that they' brought from their new
flower house. The show was interesting, enjoyable and informa
tive.. ".
. : Mrs. Hanis served a delicious repast.' The meeting closed '
with the Mizpah. - , ;
The April meeting will be with Mrs. Lola Hbrton on Con-"
cord Street. , . p 1 . ' i . . .
Salongo VJeeh featured
On Reel Prospective
SALONGO week, the
climax of the Durham Recrea
tion Department's Cultural En
richment Program is to be
featured on this weeks "Reel
Perspectives" on WTVD-TV.
The segment will be aired on
April 3 at 12:30 p m. The
theme means "We come to
gether to make . something
beautiful out of love".
The week symbolizes the
attitudes shared by program
participants and the effects
of having these twelve arts
paraprofessionals exhibit then
skills and instruct their crafts.
Vic Wade, an NCCU
Theatre major, who coordina
tes the Cultural Enrichment
Program states "The time and
patience' these people have put
in was the key ingredient in
Twelve To Bo
Honored Upon
twelve North Carolina
Central University faculty and
staff, members who will retire
from the university at or be
fore the end of the year will be
honored at a reception Sunday,
April 24 at 6 p.m. in the W.G.
Pearson Cafeteria.
Two of the retiring faculty
members have been associated
with the university since the
administration of its founder
and first president, Dr. James
E. Shepard.They are James
R. Butts, assistant professor of
chemistry, and Dr.! Helen G.
Edmonds, distinguished pro
fessor of history.
Butts joined the faculty in
1945,' DrEdmonds in 1941.
Dr. Shepard was president until
, Other members of the in
structional faculty who will re
tire are Mrs. Alice N. Farrison,
instructor of English, a
member of the faculty since
1948; Dr. Charles E. King, pro
fessor of"sociology, a member
of the faculty since 1951'; and
Mrs. Winnie P. Robinson, in
structor of history and social
science, a member of the
faculty sihee 1967.
Mrs. Alma F. Biggers,
who retired in December as
director of student life for
women, is to be honored as
a member of the university's
student affairs division. She has
been with the university since
Members of the, univer
sity's physical plant staff who
will retire are John Alford of
. housekeeping, an employee
since 1962; Mrs. Nellie- W.
Alston, housekeeping, an
employee since 1969; William
Carter, heating plant, an em
ployee since 1964; Mrs. Juanita
A. Jones, housekeeping, an em
ployee since 1967 ; Mrs. Lillie
McCall, housekeeping, an em
ployee since 1970; and Mrs.
Annie McCoy, housekeeping,
an employee since 1968.
The i reception which will
1 also honor five employees who
have 'Completed 25 years of
service, has been planned by
the university's Retiring Per
sonnel and Special Recogni
tion Committee.
Members of the committee
are Dr. 11a J. Blue, Mrs. Sadie
Hughley, Mrs. Courtney Fergu
son, Robert L. McAdams Miss
Aletha Rease, Alex Rivera,
Miss Linda Smith and Mrs.
Marion D. Spauld ing.
, The 25 year honorees are
Floyd H. Brown, physical edu
cation; Dr. King, sociology;
Mrs. Willa W. Lewis, physical
education; Philip Marable,
security; and Mrs. Thelma F.
Smith, chancellor's office.'
Alston Ave.) Durham. N. C.
V. " 1
rendering artistic exposure to
these neighborhoods." Their
personal "" Concern for the
betterment of these young
minds and their seemingly end
less creative ability have been
indispensible mechanisms in
bringing about, constructive
change and intellectual stimula
tion." During the week of April 4
thru 8 at each recreation cen
ter, program participants will
perform before their friends
and neighbors at a community
gathering to be catered by
Shabazz Caterers on W..Chapel
HilJ St. The community artistic
presentations are to be no
more than an hour long.
All presentations are sche
duled for 5 p.m. and the sche
dule looks like this:
Monday, April 4 - Bir,ch
wood, Damar Ct., Bluefield,
Liberty St.;
Tuesday, April 5 - W. D.
Hill. Walltown. West Durham;
Wednesday, April 6 -Hoover
Rd., Kenwood, Few
Thursday, April 7 - E. D.
Mickle, Weaver St., East Dur
ham; Friday, April 8 - T. A.
GradV. Oxford Manor,
the public is cordially
invited to stop in at either of
these locations. For more in
formation about - SALONGO,
or the Cultural Enrichment
Program contact the Cultural
Enrichment Coordinator at the
DUrham Recreation Depart
ment at 688-8021.
, N.C.A.E.
i Continued FrontPage 5J
day. Previously adopted re
solutions will be. reviewed and
possibly modified. In addi
tion, items of new business can
be introduced during the con
vention. Former Miss American
Marilyn Van Derbur will speak
to the delegates Friday even
ing on motivation. Winners of
Terry Sanford Awards' for'
excellence in teaching and of
the state Human . Relations
Award will be presented" Fri
day evening.
Eleven hews media will be
recognized for excellence in
coverage and reporting of
school news Friday evening.
They will receive the coveted
DIFFERENT APPROACH - Assistant Attorney
General Drew Days III, President Carter's top. civil
rights enforcer said the Ford Administration created
public anxiety and insecurity by "harping" on hard
ships caused by court ordered busing. Days, the first
black to head the Civil Rights Division, said the
Carter Administration will not ignore problems created
by court busing orders and other desegregation
problems. (UPI).
The lazy main's
savBinjgs plami
At CCB we'll transfer money from your checking
to your savings account, automatically. , .
You just tell us how much, and the day of the
month you want it deposited. :
. Open an Automatic Savings account at CCB.
And be lazy.
CCBrhe more vou do with us,
the more well do for you,
' Mvmbar FOIC .J
n ' ;
.0 1
US -
g i
. PART 6 . ', i
Walking always in. the sha
dow of death, a black man
finds that when he compters
that fear he has r conqured
Yvette Thomas, a 20 year old
junior English major at Living
stone College, Salisbury, re
corded an historical first re.,
cently when she was judged
first runner up in The Miss '
Salisbury-Rowan Beauty,
Pageant, the sole black en
trant, Miriam's sponsor was
Livingstone College. A 1974
graduate of Lanier High
School, Montgomery, Ala., she
is the daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Willy Thomas of 3$07
Suwan Drive, Montgomery.
At Livingstone, Miriam is
a majorette and director of the
student government associa
tion's public relations. A dean's
list student, she was chosen
"Miss Sophomore, 1975-76"
by her classmates. A Scorpio,
Miriam is a statuesque 5'7",
who weighs 120 pounds and
measures 34-24-36. Her
hobbies are singing, creative
writing, baton twirling and
School Bell Awards.
The late Dr. J,.., Minor;
Gwyn, a professor of educa
tion at UNC-Chapel Hill will
be named to the Educational
Hall of Fame.
At the close of business
on Saturday, officers for 1977
78 will be installed. Mrs. Linda
I. Rader, an elementary school
teacher from Gastonia, will be
come NCAE president for a
one year term.
can be in your mailbox every
weekend for a year at $8.84.
Call Today!
' -, : ' . "
: uiiySiiD ;
By Dr. Fahcem C. Ashanti
Department of Psychology
North Carolina Central
much more.. He observes that--,
white people have prefened to1
see blacks as easily frightened.
They laughed as they fanta-.
sied blacks, bug eyed,' runn
ing through cemeteries, turn-"
' ing white.tenified of ghosts.
Superstition is a lack of
iknowledge which in turn leads
to ignorance. When an indivi
dual is ignorant he is weak and
is vulnerable and prey to sym-
; bolism. emotionalism and
other negative phenomena he
does not understand.
Voodoo! Word of dark
vowels and heavily rolling con
sonants! To Americans, the
word usually denotes black
magic and uncouth supersti
tion, such as sticking pins into
: dolls, casting spells, lighting
;, black candles in cemeteries.
calling up the dead and being
familiar with spirits, zombies
and monsters.
; The word is written in
inany different ways: vaudou,
t Moi. tbn Sat.
S 'til 10 p.M.
a &
y a.M. til y p.M
' W s as
r i - xr
1 I ... V.
mim BEAMS itr
GOLDEN CORN 7 nce c n
(O L for
DONE 111
vaudoux, vodoo, for instance,
but it comes from Dahomey in
'genius, protective spirit.' It is
applied especially to the beliefs , always easy to distinguish them
and practices found in Haiti, because superstitions of voo
whose inhabitants are, for the doo provide a forcing ground
mbsi pait; descendants v of; lTdr the religion, which to turn
staves of West African origin, supports and develops their
and by extension to similiar f meaning. From the start.
practices in other Caribbean
islands, Brazil and in the
Southern states of America.
According to the Haitian
scholars Jean Price-Mars, voo
doo is a religion because the
initiated believe in the exis
tence of spiritual beings who
live partly in the universe,
partly in close contact with
men, whose activities they
control. These invisible beings
form an olympus of Gods,
the highest of whom bears the
title "Papa" or Great Master
and claims special veneration.
Voodoo is a religion because
the cult developed for its gods
demands a hierarchical body of
priests, a community of be
lievers temples, altars, cere
monies and finally an oral
traditon . . . that has preserved
the essential part of the cult.
Voodoo is a very primitive
religion, founded partly on the
belief in all-p&werful spirits -gods,
demons, disembodied
souls partly on the belief in
sorcery and magic. Once must
assume that these beliefs were
more or less pure in their
country of origin and that in
this country they have been
modified by centuries of, con-
tact WM the Christian religion.
Ml SM Jk
SAT., APRIL 2, 1377
doo make a whole, and it is not
children are brought up to' be
good by being made afraid of
the supernatural, and this fear
leaves an indelible imprint on
the minds even of highly edu
cated blacks. They are taught
not to get their heads wet, es
pecially with dew,: because
water is both a solvent and
a magnet for spirits, and a
man's spirit lives in his head.
Aniv there is always the
tontbn rnacoute, the travel
ing magician with a satchel
oyer his shoulder in which he
.has magical . and medicinal
plants, dried bits of wildcat,
black candles, and other para
phernalia. Mothers threaten
children that if they are not
good, the tonton will take
them away. The tonton
rnacoute . or voodoo priest
also called upon to treat sick
children, for example, the
treatment given to a child
suffering from a fever. The
child , is pale, fretful, wasted,
and sometimes goes into con
vulsions; his mother is anxious,
suspecting foul play, and her
anxiety makes the child worse.
The medicine man has only to
kill one bird, and he does it
with two stones. He discovers
who the witch is - usually a
"2 o) c(c
13-oz. Pkg.
"SAVE $1.00" on
' THCAr.0Li:.ATJ.7.:J-
relative or V neighbor ho i
jealous and resestful of the
mother and works a magic
to protect the child and tend
the magic back to its creator
Hit h afen frtM the Ch2d'
with castor o2, because intes
tinal : worms' ear produce
convulsions in 1 younger
children- The -'child get
better, the mother is relieved,
the witch confesses, and the
' poisonous atmosphere - is
- dissipated.
. Musk drums and danc
ing often accompany voodoo
ceremonies , when ' the - mem
bers dance themselves into a
state or possession and are
ridden by the gods (loas).
The importance of the genuine
African porymetric foundation
of this music is evident from a
comparison with the forms of
ecstasy that occur in American
black churches. The' partici
pants are no longer ridden
by several gods but only by
one - Christ. Moreover, one
priest or director is sufficient,
while for voodoo several
nuungaiu ic .nece
ssary. In the black churches a
collective state a possession
occurs, while in Africa several
gods never manifest themselves
at one time and the possession
never leads to "wild dances,"
but usually to a quiet "sinking
into oneself." Thus in its type
of possession, voodoo stands
midway between Africa and
the black churches.
To be continued .

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