a - T! 7CAR0UNA TWSS SATSPT.3,1977
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Hew Day Begun
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WORSH IP LIFE -SPlr rrUAli'.
On THE STAIR of
HUMANITY WHICH WAY
WILL YOU CUMb?
FUTURE LAY IN YOUR,
Preserving What We Have
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority is to be
commended for its support of black
colleges through the award made at its'
national convention last week of
$25,000- $30,000 to Tuskegee Insti
tute. The grant this year will be used
to .fund a "specialistdistinguished
professor for one year to teach in an
area of study currently not available
at the institution." t i ;
While integration and the right to
attend any college is and should be a
choice, we believe the future of black
folks hinges on the survival of the
traditionally black f institutions of
higher learning. They, along with the
black church, have been and hope
fully will continue to "be - the cata
lysts which have implanted and re
enforced values intrinsic to the basic
ideologies of those persons of African
roots - often contrary to those prac
ticed in American society - but vital
to the survival of all humankind. .
Traditional black values - coopera
tion, sharing," one with nature, wor-'
ship of life and the right to life, spiri
tual universalism often conflict with
traditional American values - compe
tition, ownership and materialism,
Special Plaudits For Class
The North Carolina Central Univer
sity community, Durham and the State
nf Nnrth Pamlina alri nVa?tirf in the
high percentage of successful NCCU
School of Law grads who took" the.
North Carolina Bar J examinationjhis
We are especially pleased with the
NCCU School of Law class of 1977,
For this particular class was enrolled in
September, 1974 when the additions
to and renovations of the Turner Law
School Building were inf progress. The
students were forced to study under
the most adverse conditions and with
in limited quarters - sometimes utiliz-
DEATH - RACIALISM . H
i dominating nature, technology, wor
ship of death, racialism. This his been
the cause, to a great degree, of inner
conflicts suffered by many blacks who
must operate or aspire to Operate
within Jhe American mainstream. It
is the traditionally black college which
has led the way in preserving what is
vital and intrinsic in its students while
teaching what is necessary for them to
function 1 successfully in America.
As Dr. Luther Foster, president of
Tuskegee Institute pointed out in his
acceptance speech to the sorority,
"studies increasingly document that,
during the century of their existence,
' black colleges have, trained 75 of all .
1 black PhD's,"75 6f aD black mffitary?
officers, 80 of all black federal
judges, 85 of all black doctors, 90
of all black veterinarians, more than
;. 99 of all black professional forest
ers." An impressive record, we think.
; We congratulate Delta Sigma Theta
and hope 'their support will stimulate
other Organizations and individuals to
channel more financial help, toward
those psrituti6ns?dedicated 1p ;pre
serving what we have as we work to
ward what we want.
ing - neighboring facilities. Administra
tive offices and student offices were
then located in the sub-basement , of
.Aftwe Day Shepard Dormitory: Qasses
We 1eld anywhere space was available
on the campus., , , .
Having' survived and succeeded in
spite of these tremendous and difficult
circumstances, the. class of 1977 from
the North Carolina Central Unviersity
School of (Law is entitled to special
plaudits of us all.
Certainly a little praise and much
success is wished for all of these gradu
ates and new lawyers. k V
FjWST PRCSIOEWT Of ARGENTINA
NATIVE Or BUENOS AIWES.A MILITAhY
. HAHj HE REPELLED ENGLISH INVADERS ;
. ' v W IS0 ANO 1807Mf CCAME SEC'V
OPWAR W ltd -MII20, APTER'lNOE
,.;, P'EN0ENCE WAS DECLARE0,HE BECAME
BEC'TOr STATE IN IB26THE UNlTARIOS.t A PARTY IBEit THE fEDERy
121? AND ELECTED HIM PRESIDENThE ABOUSHEO THE SLAVE TRADE. V
MADE MANY OTHER SOCIAL CULTURAL AND ECONOMIC ADVANCES --
The peculiar genius of the National Associa
tion for the Advancement of Colored People is
its Insistence on taking the laws of this land,'
written, as comedian Redd Foxx might say,
"of white folks, by whites, for white folks' and
relentlessly hammering away until these laws
apply to all.
In saying this, 1 do not believe ! can be ac
cused of excessive braggadocio, or swelling vani
ty of proprietorship or affiliation. The record
of this organization, long, tortured and tena
cious, speaks for itself.; '
So although these are, unfortunately, dark
and difficult days in which some of our form-
; er friends in Congress are turning against us and
? attaching .anti-busing amendments to a wide-,
ranging number of proposed bills, 1, for one, am
not discouraged. , r
I am not discouraged even though the Su
preme Court of the United States, through a
series of rulings the most important of which
concerned seniority, recently seems to be on a
; determined course to reverse the hard fought
civil rights gains we have made in recent years.
Nor am' I staying awake nights, gnawing my
fingernails in worry over the possible adverse
outcome of the pending Supreme Court Allan
Bakke case that seemi to be a sword of Dama
cles poised at the jugular of affirmative action.
In the first instance, I feel most of the anti
busing amendments, are doomed to failure
But if one or two manage to effect passage, I
say we must redouble our efforts to get them
off the books. As to the. Supreme Court ruling
on seniority, I think this was based on the
court's interpretation of Congress's intent, not
The appointment Of U.S, District Court
Judge Frank M. Johnson to head the FBI is an
excellent one., It is also significant, both be
cause of the agency's importance and because
it signifies the Administration's determination
to give the FBI the kind of leadership that will
end past abuses.
And there have 6een plent of abuses. It
had become routfiie procedure for the FBI to
Jape phones, harass rights and political
activists, and tcrids -foughshod over constitu
tional rights The re&Hf serious erosion of
The agency exhibited a Cold War mentality
that viewed almost any dissent as proof of dis
loyalty. Nurturing a carefully fostered
"G-Man" image through the late J. Edgar
Hoover's flair for publicity, it eventually came
to feel it could do no wrng. r K -
A federal policy agency that is a law unto
itself is a threat to all citizens. And when 'such
an agency becomes politicized, as it did in the
Nixon years, it can become the instrument of
subversion of democratic principles.
Over the years it became obvious that the
image of a super-efficient FBI was at odds
with reality. Concentrating on spectacular
criminal and spy cases, the agency virtually ig
nored white Collar crime and organized crime.
More energy seems to have gone: into public
relations efforts than into enforcing the law
within the confines of legal, constitutional
police procedures. v
. Ambassador A n d y
Young is known for occas
sionally having anthrax. An-
-i out tor socwnustice.
'; in adUressing tne con
vention President Carter in-1
ferred ' that the civil rights'
goals puld only be achieved
if blacks were "cooperative.", ,
He said "it I takes time to
change ?r the trends, . of
history and to ,. reverse the
bureaucratic mechanism to ,
one ' of support, and com-
' on a constitutional princfcle. Hence, we can
seek redress in Congress through passage of a
' more clearly defined bill. 'ft; ; ', 1 -And
as for the Bakke case, it may bear with
in it all the dire and destructive elements that -spell
doom to affirmative action in this coun
try, as some fear, but I say if it comes to that,
, it will be a battle lost. Not the war. That will ,
continue and, in the end, I believe we of the
NAACP- we will ultimately triumph,?; y -
For as Carlyle truly "said, "Truth crushed
to earth, will rise again.? Some' of our critics
point' derisively at what some former allies are V '
doing in Congress in respect to busing. They
play up differences, real or perceived, we have
with labor. Xj 'vf
They say that both are now so committed to
the white male that minorities and women have
become irrelevancies on the, scale of their priori- ' -ties.
Well, perhaps so. But we have problems
everywhere and from time to time even with
-fonnerallieri:,;.:.;:; V '
But we have learned one hard lesson in the .:.
long struggle for equal rights, in this country:
that we can have no permanent alliances with .
anyone which; will jdeter us from our purpose.
Jo we will have our coalitions with. labor; we
will form coalitions with business, with the
National Organization of Women, witn mem
bers of many 'political persuasions irV Congress;
with the National Chambers of Commerce, with
anyone who is pursuing the goal we'je in pur-
suit of at a particular time. . ,f , : ,
Herbert Hill, NAACP Labor Secretary has
analysed affirmative action as clearly as anyone
With Hoover is czar, the agency had deteri
orated to the , point where, well-paid, skilled
agents were concocting phony rumors to dis
credit anti-war activists and civil rights mili
tants. After Hoover's death, one of the tempo
rary heads of the FBI actually destroyed evi
dence in the Watergate case. x,i
So Judge Johnson inherits quite a mess.
The prime qualifications for a new FBI Di-:
rector are personal integrity, leadership abili-
ty, firmness, and respect tor the law. ana tor
the consiituUonal limits .it: places- on, pouce '
rwe..The nation's -top cophas- tojw? some
one who is completely devoted to enforcing;
the law but not;at the cost of destroying the
personal; liberties the law jdefends,. ff 1
On those ground, the President and the
Attorney General 'could, riot have chosen a
better persorvYbiiead the FBI. If Judge John
son's record on the bench is any indication, he
will reshape thagea?y nto an effective law
enforcement arm of the government, while
ending the abuses that have characterized its
' past record; ,'j : . . ;' , ; '.x,
In -his 22 years on the bench. Judge John-i
son has shown a fierce devotion to civil rights.''
He has presided over controversial cases and
delivered crucial decisions that integrated
buses -and public facilities, abolished the Ala
bama poll tax; directed desegregation of Ala
bama's chools, required reapportionment of
voting districts, extended women's rights; and
: : X.
thrax is a malady of warml .passion,. and concern, and.
blooded animals, common to .'enthusiasm.-
cattle. It is generally known ',i- NO CHASE
as rhoof (foot) In mouthH ' ' If a Republican presi-
disease. . -v dent had ; made those re-
' , When A m b a s s ado r? : jmarks at a black conven
Young addressed the National-, -tion, he probably would have
Urban League Convention he i been chased off the platform,
.adjured them to be leery of ..What a difference a political
those " who "attempt to ' party identify makes. '
generate dissention". RIGHT-ON
He of v course was re- ' Vernon Jordan was
(erring to those ware critical correct when he voiced dis
of President Carter, and who ' satifactlon with President
vocalize his failure to provide Carter's reward to black
jobs for the "unemployable voterswhb assured his elec
black youth; jmdJiousing for tionpEveH had b acks not
the masses still lrvfitg in sub- voted for the President, the
standard accommodations; pbserVatlorT of Inadequate re
and federally , sanctioned sponsivenejs to the sock)
abortions for mothers. : economic plight of ; black
- PUNISHMENT America Is appropriate.
, ' Open dissatisfaction with , ' President Carter and his
the inadequate civfi rights Cabinet Membets have placed
performance of President' the iblame. for inadequate
Carter may carry a brutal commitment to alleviate the
denial as punishment, similar dismal: problems W black
to that imposed by, the America at the feet of Con
Kremlin against so called gress. H? is partially correct.
: Russian dissidents who cry . Yet too las accountability.
.vl warning uie democrat von-
gress can not , relieve mm oi
his responsibility. ' . ,
President Carter during
a private1 conversation cau-
tioned Vernon Jordan that
criticism of his Administra
tion would ' damage v "the
hopes and aspirations of poor
people". This was not a veiled
5 1 know in this country, and ne pomts out: The
: extensive bodyof case law; under Title VII ot - - r
. the Civil RighUct of 1964 has clearly trans-
formed the SegatJye duty - not to discriminate
- into a' positive obligation. :
' Under the guise of defending merit systems
that in reality do not exist, the opponents of
affirmative. aion. are, in fact, attempting to
maintain the unstated but traditional discrimi
natory practices that result in the exclusion of
blacks and other minorities from desirable jobs
in every sector of the economy.
A major factor in the resistance to new legal
remedies is 'that white expectations, based on; .
systematic denial of the rights of minorities, has
become the norm. Thus, any alteration, of this ,
norm is considered 'reverse discrimination.
"It should be evident that what is really in
volved in the debate over Affirmative Action is
not that blacks will be given , preference over
whites, but that a substantial body of law now
requires that discriminatory systems which
operate to favor whites at the expense of blacks
must be eliminated."
We of the NAACP strongly believe that, as in
j the past we can take the laws of this land and
make" them, in time, apply not just, to some
people who have white skin, .or to some who
may have great wealth, or to some who have
certain political or religious affiliations, but to
all people, white, black, brown, yellow and red.
We may lose a skirmish or two here and
: there, a battle now and then, but in the great
sweep of historic struggle the victory in war
will belong to us.
't " I
By VOII E. JOSDAII
NATIONAL URIAH LEAGUE
. protected' prisoners and mental patients again
' st officiaTabuse and neglect.
That record is unique among federal judges
for the boldness of the decisions as well as for
the fact that many of them preceded similar
Supreme Court rulings. He wasn't just foDow
; tog in the path of the Supreme Court, he was
deailrig creatively and constitutionally with
key cases and set the pace.
Behind that record is his bersonal integrity
and rus courage.Becaiise ot his crvil nghts aeci-
, sions he was onrficued. Friends stepped w .
. .fi ling,; cranKS staneu cauuig, na Domo-imeuis
meant , rpund4heclock police protection.
A lesser man would have tailored his de
cisions to meet the prevailing mood of his
community. But Judge Johnson wasn't about
to allow racists and fanatical segregationists
. to influence his decisions,' even though it cost
him heavily. , -, 1 '
. That kind of iron rectitude will come in
handy when the flak starts flying as he tries
to reform the FBI. And so will his devotion to
, firm justice, proved by his refusal to treat
government officials and white collar crimt
nals more leniently than other criminal of
fenders. - - S-
Any man George Wallace once called "an
integrating, carpetbagging, scalawagging, race
mixing, bald faced liar" has to be pretty good.
Judge Johnson will make an excellent FBI
Rex Granum, deputy
White House press secretary,
said the President's comments
were neither a "warning" nor
Contrary to vmat the
President's loyal staff may
aver, it was an unmistakable
admonition, and intimidatioi
of free thought by blacl
America, reminiscent of be
havior of a plantation' over
This black America mus
L, E. AUSTIN
Editor - Publisher , 1927-1971
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