AN Ford Motor Company, the 'second-:
largest U.S. auto maker, has iust announced
its decision to recognize a trade uhion for to write 37 corporations to request intorma
African workersit it South AlHcan subsidy ttion on their South African etion,Liit
Ford, which is th first mainr Amtrien)
firrrt to take this step.Jias been tinder heavy
pressure this year, for its. South African, in-,,
volvement. In May, controversy swept Stan
ford University when officials there refused
to vote the institution'! $3,500 Ford shares
in favor of a church-soonsored resolution
calling' for withdrawal from South Africa.1 As
a result, "protestor. ItageO sit-in, and 794W eit,n tfl- Shnimnd miles
, persons were arrested.
4 "We wert teafly Wrpdsed by the students'
action," one Ford executive remarked. Indeed
there is, strong evidence that the student and
church criticism actually prompted Ford's
union recognition move,
Ford is not alone in facing this kind of
public pressure. Bad, publicity recently has
become as much a part of doing business in
.South Africa as making money has always
been. , i ,,f -'
During the Spring," more than 700 student
at campuses across the nation, were arrested
during anti-South Africa demonstrations. A
winter vigil in New York City forced cancella
tion of an off-Broadway production about
South Africa, and sports events whert South
African athletes competed have invariably
been picketed, with a nvjor protest shaping
tut jwww. 'WUW -
up at me
U.S. Open tennis touaraint
this month (September).
Mucn oi tne action nas occurred in Caft.
fornia, where during May and Jyne thousand
of students joined the campaign toend unhre
sity investments in companies OPeratinf .fa
SoutK Africa.. '." ' 7
The nineampus University of California
system was a hotbed of activity on dM issue
Coordinated by a group called CaVUsei
United Against Apartheid, students at Berke
ley, Davis, LosAngeles, Santa Cruz, andllthet
cities turned out for marches, teach-ins, ipd
sit-ins to convince the University's Board $f
Ugandan Opt:3ition Unites
AN Exiled Ugandan opposition group!
from east and central Africa, Britain, ScandinaJ
Canadian groups, absent at trie meeting, sen
messages of support, t ; ! ,t Ll
Chairperson for the new group will be Prinf
John Barigye, once Amin s ambassador to tflg
Federal Republic of Germany. Barigye resigned
his post when his brother, a lawyer, 4di$aw
peared' in the company of Ugandan secret rip'
lice agents. -
The Prince's father was one of four fo
lanes in Ueanda who were deposed a dec
ago by Milton Obote, Uganda's first presidel
"J " ' .? .
Obote, wno was ovennrown oy wi "mrr
years ago, was notably absent from the Lusf
meeting; He reportedly tried to get Zambian ?
thorities to prevent it.. ; v u
Altnougn au tne exiie groups reprewsnicj
the meeting oppose Amin, their pohtfcaK
economic preferences vary widely,, from P0 ,
archist to republican, from capitalist to sP
ist, There is some apprehension as well pjut
the ability of the various politicians involve!! to
subordinate their personal ambitions to deci
sions of the larger group.
Zambia has officially warned Ugandan exiles
against planning or preparing for any kind of
armed action against Amur from Zaimbian soil,
but that topic was on the agenda for the meet
ing. ' In Tanzania, meanwhile, over 150 Ugandan
employees of the now-defunct East African
..!... ,.y,..t. mmm
. . . ' V V ' ' '
V - . "'I
WORLD CONFERENCE ON APARTHEID Ambassador to.the U.N., Andrew
Young (L), greets Rhodesian black revolutionary leader Joshua Nkomo (R), at the
World Conference on Apartheid In Lagoi. Nigeria last week. Delegates from sixty :
nations are attending the five-day meeting sponsored by the United Nations. (UPI) , '
A Weekly Digest of
w AFRICAN AFFAIRS
Regents to sell stock holdings in certain cor
porations, i-vft'' tjj
At their May meeting, the Regents decided
month: the Reeents considered and postponed "
a decision on a resolution presented. by Lt.
Governor Mervyn Dymally calling for divesti
? JNationwWe,' the South African protests at
some 25' institutions have had a measurable
impact.,,, . v -;'
-At Stanford, trustees resisted student de
mands but did agree to a costbenefit analysis
away, at Hampshire College in Massachusetts,
prompted Trustees there to sell $200,000 in
stocks and initiate a study of "acceptable"
-Alsto in Massachusetts, Trustees at the state
University ; agreed to review stock ownership
policies, following student demonstrations in
Amherst. r -. . r ' .
-Similar protests' raised the issue at the Uni
versities of Connecticut, Maryland, Minnesota,
Illinois and Ohio State. :
-Duke University President Terry Sanford, a
prominent Democratic politician, ha been
under fire from students for his membership
on the board of directors of ITT, which has
major South African holdings.
-A, student campaign at the University of
Wisconsin Madison) cot an unexpected boost
' "om W tate s , Attorney yenerai, wno nueo
" . ..... r t t. I.J
ailCI all mvcsiljaliuil uiai new iutvoiiiiviim u.
companies involved in South Africa violate
a J972 anti-discrimination statute. "I con
clude that a company, corporation, or other
, . business entity which does significant business
5 to South' Africa, . , . practices discrimination
on the basis of race; even though such com
panies would argue they do not concone it,"
he told the Board of Regents in Mav. The
Board now has the issue "under review. '
Editor's Note: - Next week, Part II of
"America's Apartheid Protest' will cover
municipal and state actions. ;
Cmmunityt' who were . ordered home this
month, 'are refusing1 to return to Uganda. They
they fear for their safety. Some of them
mctv y Ugandan President s
r.. ' overthrow
' teflde Uganda, sixteen persons are currently
M trial for their lives before a military tribunal.
South Africa Closos
AN The closing of forty schools in Soweto
" ms wuui miMii (uiiuiuinui uw un
f was another indication of the confrontation
v, brewing in the troubled black township,
, Officials said the schools would be reopened
; next term under direct government administra-
tion, and that all studSnts would have to apply
for readmission. Since education for Africans
is neither free nor compulsory, the government
could theoretically exclude any student it
feared might be involved in protests.
. The action followed! months of e class, boy
cotts by students opposing the government's
"Bantu Education Curriculum " which they say
is inferior to the instruction' f given whites.
CohfUct alsd; continues to mount between
the gdvrnmnt,'3snd the "Committee of Ten,"
a Sowe(o cqfuh which has announced it
intention-' toytsKmg over control of townshipa
administratlonv White- officials are maintaining
their' refusal to recognize 'the Committee.
k 111 vVtVv' MKO
Safccran Var Threatens Refcgeo Caops
AN The Moroccan army is engaged in 'a
massive build-up of troops and heavy arma
ments along its border with Algeria, according
to reports from the area by British journalist
Martin Walker. -
Writing in London's GUARDIAN news
paper; Walker, says; the Moroccans are within
striking distance ofWpre than 100,000 Saharah
refugees who fled to makeshift camps in Algeria
after Morocco and Mauritania invaded Western
Sahara in November 1975. The camps are run
by the Polisario Front independence movement
of Western Sahara, , which has been fighting to
African Lccdcr Calls for New World Economic Order
By Angie Dickerson
. WASHINGTON DC. -Calls
of Uhura,' Hhura, Uhara
(FREEDOM) greeted Presi
dent Julius K. Nyerere of the
United Republic of Tanzania
when he addressed an over
flow audience at Cramton
Hall . Auditorium at Howard
i University. The slightly built
' leader ejecited his audience
V (mainly Black) as he called
for a new world economic or
der to eradicate poverty
throughout the world.
President Nyerere, affec
tionately called, "Mwalimu--teacher,"
in his own country
had come to the United
States to receive a Doctor of
Humanities which was con
ferred on him by Dr. James
Cheeck, president of Howard
In making the presentation
president Cheek made note of
the fact that President Ny
erere enjoys universal respect
as a statesman and he is called
Rhodosian Leader Looks
(AN-Rhodesian Prime Min
ister Ian Smith is counting on
this week's national election
to provide him with a man
date to pursue an 'internal
settlement.' So far however,
prospects for such an accom
modation seem every bit as
dim as those for the Angl
American proposals leaked
last week. ,
The two leading national
ist politicians who have dis
associated themselves from
the militarily powerful
Patriotic Front, namely
Bishop Muzorewa and
Ndabaningi Sithole, have
repeatedly dismissed the pos
sibility of joining a govem-
"V- f: ;
Low tar. Notfcimtg artificial aaMedL
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9 mg. "tar" 0.8 mg. nicotine av. per cigarette by
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: That Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to
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' wrest control of the formeT Spanish colony
from its current rulers. , ;
For Sahara's ' neighbors, the attraction b
some 2 billion tons of high grade phosphates, .
as well as the likelihood of other minerals be- -
neath the desert sands. The phosphates have
brouglit nothing but misery to our, people,"
said Polisario official Bachlr Mustapha last
week. . 4 . f
The Moroccan build-up has reportedly
moved to the frontier area an estimated 20,000
troops; including specialized assault infantry of '3-
the kind Morocco sent to Zaire last sprang.
the "Father of his country."
Dr. Cheeck also noted the vi
tal role which President Ny
erere is playing in the critical
problems plaguing Africa today-
Embarking ,ori.ja major
statement on human rights
and liberation, Dr. Nyerere
stated that he was calling for
new world economic order
because under the present sy
stem the poor countries, the
Continued On Page 5
For Electiol Mandate
ffient;Mth Smith. Last week
'Mtizorewa told reporters in
the Rhodesian capital that for
him such an alliance would
be the "kiss of death." ,
Muzorewa also said that
efforts of his organization
the United African National
Council, to form a united
your first pack.
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SAT SEPT. 3, 1377 THE CAROLHA TtrrS-a
I Poet's PcrsnQtfi-JQ " I
4 -, '
g (Editor's Note: This k th beginninf of a
John A. Dennis, Jr., a Ph.D. candidate in
African history X Stanford
gUnfrenity.J a , , , H
Light in the Forest
Is to demand .
The demise of all
Creativity and originality.
To love Black ;
Is to believe
That from nothing ,
Came aD forms and species.
Hence to realize
That God like
The infiniteness of '
Called into being
That we might
The essence of peace -The
abode of quietude
The tempestuous prelude
It is the nihilism
Out of which
All was created.
To think Black
is to dispel from the mind
To free the soul
Of false expressions.
To be Black
front with Sithole's suppor
ters had been rejected by
According to press re
ports, Sithole is now emerg
ing as the favorite of Rhode
sia s white business com
munity, and its representa
tives have met with the for
mer ZANU leader several
times since his return from
exile earlier this summer.
14 is rumored that Dr.
Eliot Gabellah and other
officials who last week re
signed from Muzorewa's or
ganization are preparing to
join with Sithole in forming
a new nationalist group.
If Smith succeeds in de
feating his rightwing and
liberal opponents in this
week's election, observers will
be watching to see if he
makes overtures to either
Sithole or Muzorewa.
In any case, Rhodesian
officials are expected to
reject in its entirety the
latest Anglo-American peace
plan, since it requires the
disbanding of the Rhodesian
Leaders of the front line
states and the Patriotic Front
have also expressed reserva
tions about the leaked version
of the peace plan.
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