.-.vi'- 4 :V A f---f- . ,.,r- -J--.-.-.-- - V- i--l. -V.-.l :J V,r.rv- . ,..:..W...J .- --. . J...-, - . ' . . ' " - . : -. . :-. -..,... ....,
' . j. . v, hv;..vi.v:,,.-, y- fe-u, t---'-.)- -. v.r- .. '.-.-r' ; . --t----- - -r--ft
LAltf FEB TtAK,
RALEIGH, N C, PUBLISHED (wkxklt) B LUCAS AND A.H. BOYLAN.
IS J IF Of trUiCH 1 AtitAXCX.
Friday, fjJBiiu ary is 1 3 .
i' V" imi i i r if i I i " ,1 it i -'i I, i ,,, - , i i ,i n ' .1 . ' -' ti-". .. -
From the Jfat'wal JnteUigencer,
beach which divides the head Ontario, from
the Liule Lake or BuTlington-Bay ; then tiirm i&
the rjght for York, 3 which, j abou 40- miles from
W tJlf head of the ,;knd: 8Q (VoingtbnT: The
Memoir of a mot intelligent Uenunho ; w w lhe beaJ of the?lake. FroW thence st i,rar,(
bd froqoemlr travewd the Penwaoh ' P sqUth of wetr ta -Grand -River crosses t'he'Bor.,
per wn'oa, ww v; . 1 fow. pjaiM (eleven tjpHwie) ,j and joining Un-
10'' ninci ' i ( univitii w .
oriin ip wsi laid before; our govemmfnt
"bf Dr, MitshifeJ the request of pnlh
wo We and tfiotte.
Thetno" btaatjW section oLUpper Cada,
to the Peninsula south) oFthe river Sev, whicli
'.-.it. into the hv tf Gloucester in Wurun lak
nf th rivef Trent, whxh ettiDt4'S " it,Un-.
CI I'M w - -
turii near Kingstown, The province is det otn
Dated Wfffvbecise the NiagurA anil .S Liu
rence rivers "truii north' and north 'east, and lake
ETie, though but 34 milfcs dis'tinfe, elevates its sur
iace is6 feet above Ontario. : i v
The rivers of the Peinsu'a, exclule dfthe
boundaries; aretbe Thames, Escartic and Crnd
river. -The two former 'ran south wed into lake
das. street, on. the GovejHipr's Ubad, as it if called,
touches the Thlmes ittVOxibfb; 4 Inencett bur.
ttouth aiia along th south ?, of Lake, SU'lt
Cfir tc;Detjou. The toad aon the left bank
at Detroit level to Maiden, - miles.- '
L CCootVeradi! at iheiead of Oatario, is neat-
If mil way, Dei ween uingum anujne new ovi.
wrence, and ptroit ; being 20 tnilcs from
Kingston and 2Q& from, petroit,1 fhn dtst'ahe
fram Niagara to this late i 40 thdes From it
JP;erpis .beats sv KtugstonVv k. and Niagara
S. . .- ' ' ' i; - -
."'!?om the Valls'of '.Niagara to TJetrpit is Hi
miU$? ll iii the sama from- Niagara ? garriaoti.
From. Buffiiloe to Petroit on the south or Ameii-
,l . i e a ir .i.... u. ' ..... .1
Saint Clair the "Wit sauth tast into Ontari'. sridtt 0f Erie." 340 miles is the shortest renuted
.. le--tViree1c''.jsi9jHies into the NUgaravriiilt-ae; . MilKsh. ia very incoirtct rrtap) makes
about three milts stove" the Falls. The f "froin'sidtthie to Detroit.-; Oa;the.north or
empties between the' head of . QniBiio 'a YWt Brit- s;jc ot-Eri,:, -u U27r miles. - ' :
the Don and the Hummer into Ontario'rtcar York'. m tne ilpit0l in Alanj. to Nigara,.by the
The Thames i9;navigiiblfor vfssth of 7J ions Zone want 'santp, UmH miles. Th,aiitance
irJI masfromjw: 1 6''ils4b's-y-'the--eat--este'rhttirnp'iktt
any Dunnen io or imues. ooai nayiu.. ttfUt vjiey, and. thence by ttirnpike. tif Mun
: -ut inest "ivers nr,(,S(jusre, wiitre it
These likewise have passed unnoticed by the A the ocean.' Is SO and not less than 25 tv
nnnvii ui(ii.nH i iur upiiiKiu ui iuc -vuiiouioh m muy laic, mc lieigDi, insurance Uf
u, mat tne intrinsic va,iue ot land would be much
enhanced , by their indepeiertcebrltnexatlon'tO'
the United States 'j but that the value of their pro
duce wotild bVdeteriorated.v ; r
Nq census has bee ,ttVc n : Upper Canada.
Qh the authority of Heriefi trsvtls it has been
estimated 80J5OO in 806.- I think that exceeds
t,! uteai qniber in J 8 1 a. iTi'ere were, on the
rntru ui i me roiuna, oetween ae ages of tlx
teen, and sixty,, to wit at Osweeatchre' 70oV-'4t
itingStpn SOO, York-450, Niagara 70,' and at
Malde'rVboutC0ftkmgittiihe whole l26o.
There jte thus in the province 7,100. milkia itieh,
or persons fit for military duty, between the ages
of 16 and oflf..'From thia'theumbrjpfj.ihabt!.
tants may be estimated. Suppose one seventh
within those ages be excused from duty; or-1000.
This makes 8,100. Then add an equal number
for the male) undt-r sixteen and above sixty, erftal
to io,2uu. aoq suerwaras an equal number for
ihe females, and you will have a grand sggrtgate ;
of 32400 forjhe -whole free Vhite population? ? t
am confident the tree white ui habitants, ezclusiye
of the armv, cannot exceed 50,000 '
On the 20th July there were at -Nlaerara 500 pie make eaertions and discoveries of inhVi'e im-
rejrularsr and i no more i' at York . 50 (invalia's) ; i portaiice ' to;, the nation, which are overlooked
uuu m maiucii iv". iu wuic ui jjeate mere are uuv'ug nines m pruce.1..
charges on such as are sent coastways aii not I".
than 30 or 32 per cent, whiuh" makts a Ting v
favor of inland transportation of from 25 jh 3 to ;
jU2 per cent. I am informed .that if the ar Cni .
tinuesa great trade will thus be carried on be;wei
lhe northern ports and New Orleans, ad fm
thence to South Amerkaj not only to place! on t .
Isthmus, but scrMs the Qxlph of Mexico-Vo .iJ.i-'
vtirioos, ports on tkk Mine and in Brazil " 1
t; Saclx gtipds art ths"ra-ported not - '
erv.hlfd'to'a drawback. of fhe duties, will pernio' ;
prevent so grest a trsdSc as Mhtrwie wrwdd tak.
plate wliere dhcntort allow ed to be iwik d o -1 -suph
as m'toi esported 'rf rbnT New Orleans,' w'h"ic.
had ln.'carried there, jnknd, from the Nor: i
Eastern Uantic ports But as they ar n,n
transported, the advantage is in favor of the iv? v
mode most of the articles which are adoitcd i
those markets pay 25 'ver cent, duty, but wti?n ,
exported thrte and a half per cent, is de!ilcu
from'the amount of duties, which wilt not leave
n debentures enough to pay the .insurance From
this single fact, it is very obvious thai the far.ilitv
of transportation should be improved by cir.als i
and good roads. Whn involved in wars, thpeo-
gadd to thermilUatDelawftre
unites with the (lenriessee io a
-tbout 300 men at .Fort George, 12 at Chippewa,
iiu.at line, ana iuu at iviaiaen, or aoout one bat
Many able speculations baVe been published xn
the immense benefits wLicb .would b derived from
I uniting the various waters of the Unittd Sta'es.'
the Thames is (hef largest, though noncf them)lurnpiKe, This ishe touteof thcrftilitary express The militia are all well armed with newmus iand brirtRrine districts of the Union nearer each
is very considetable. --r ' ' " i from Albany to. Niagara, which pmceeds ata keti atid hve plenty of munitions of war. rThe' other by turnpikes., Mr.Caltatin, some few'years i
DetroK (the, strait) river is 57 chains wi.le stthe ral; pi)t jeS3 tluia fevghL mijeS nd -nt" exceed''. ! Inrtians within the Peninsula cannot muster mort J since, made a most able report to Cotjgress on this
fort Detriot, and ismuch narrower at Maiden fry fog the hour From Albany to O.evnstown than 600 warriors- I have seen the forces of the) subieot, which wus readiarid jirgoiten. The1
occasion of ap island opposite lhat tort, "ih, by Cherry Valley atid Zonewanto Swamp is 292 nations reviewed by Colonel. Brandt, ar their: property which has een captured hy i smali Bri- ;
Of this distance 208 (to Cariandiigua) a'inual parade on the 1st May, and since that pe-f tish privateer from Nova Scotia this fall; off Cape
juit-s are turnpike, lhe remainder save 10 orirtod they have not increased. 'The Mohocks Cod, where sh has made two cruttes against1 the.
coasting vessel from Southern pot ttv woyld rnoi-e g
thanh'ive- made a canal from Bussarus . Biy,to
tba' of Barnstable for the cargoes are estimured at
channel here is within eflcctuat mussel snoi oi ; milca
(residing at Grand River) are the most warhke
i'hey art at present chiefly directed by Nobtok,
a native white man f the, lower province, who is
The Niacsra at the carriion is wier than at , 12 'mju. t. an exr.iunt vna.t. vtnar f t
Detroit ;, it is prpbably abouthalf a m'le witle.i from ; Niagara to" Detroit . also excellent. The
. At the Black Rock, h flat-bottomed boat or scow 8hfrteat.-practicable road trom 'he Capitol in U
crosses tne n verm .minutes. - ' bany to Detroit is- .therefor 536 1 2 Riilt3 ; t3 1 tolerable Loglish scholar, and well versed in the 5300,000, and would have been saved by such a
Mountains' ot any importance are not sc-n n:Buffalet py-, Scioto, Sandusky MkmU &c. jldi-n l;nRuage. After having been patronized canal
the Peninsula An eJevation wtnch torms it amountP : t0 638; if.vou-po . tiuffaloe, ah5 by the famous Brandt, be was adopted and made
ncssee mis, me nage roy, vtuuw, k'V then through the Province, yorj will add 33 iniSes
and terminating a little to wesi of 'he head of On t0 the distance , as htfore noted, v " '
ta.io, about 'J mites frdm Niagara, is- emphati- n he roUuarv poad fr m Mafden to Nla-ra,
callystired the MounhinV It presents from its, wouy he O Teir.ce th -st ps of G-neral Brock,
brow thd most extensive view of the pUmSjat ustowi, -sr. WiT mm i:a. ... t.. r.5n ,u,nr.
W5ir3t,hlch kpp edts---ha i-A iA.C I'tn' ?n ,rii.c .k.' ?ll C.K.
,w,a ,rou . t , u.rc irouius i .w.u.urc ,su NajK,ns on the Grand River here is a bridge
levti me iravcucr meis wun no nun uom ixu
! a chief.
fh- climate of the Peninsula, particularly m
the, vicinity of tlK lakes, is -us mild as' the vicini
of New York and Philadelphia. There1 is
. gars. to Detroit save the ravines here and there
firmed by streams or rivulets.
vidge, or the river is t-jr
d.bk 'ht neeit is 23 rrilts to the head of O-i
tario, 6 milts of which are wood and bad trav,
llirii? itii rttt inrti itatno
ot- vt lir . i , -"v. ,v... .........
i w" Srr? - 7eK In respect to population, the settlements are
fcaveoC hills. uvihe county of Onarnhgo in New from rU. lo yQT (;eor on thc Ni anJ
York state, and sees no more dhul Dcrou is in exttndlf)g u;) lUc Chipexvay, and west of the falls
. .'ear'., . . ," - v i XT' ' through the Beaver dam to the Jiff ad of Lake
'f I he principal roads are from Ene to Niagara,1 n, ...;r. n, jU- a M ,
' , m- . rv . i- r-, , L& Ontario lhe people are chieny-from Pennsyl-
tijfroni Niagara to Detroit, and Dundas -Street,; un:a -w - -j ..
, . . ... , -.. vania and .New Jersey ; a considerable portiori
, v.Tich commences at the lower tort St. Lawrence r. v.u v-ian- ." i . , .-r c i i j
r -, .., ... . . tr m New England.; and some from ScoiUnd and
Mtm rimnintr ninnir i unarm nv ira nein. ii.ina..ih.
lun .. Ci - 'ri 7 i ' .u "r, J t.r.RUrid. A portion of these mhab tapu w--nt
Wit Detroit1, roa'd in Oxford, on the I ivames. 'r.Jl rf:',';. - i , .u V .
I?- t . ... r n , r, , l,om the United states niirmif the revolu'.ion ; but
, FrorDne to the fcrry opptjsi e B..tck Rock, is k f. ... . Tl. .
.... 7 I r' ,u . ... ci . . vr by tar the greater number since hat period.
Smiles, and fiom thence to Fort t-jcore or Nov. .u r . rr--
'...u 4rii.:i.TK.. ..i..-.X.i.. i.... .. lhtse coinposejthe Coian mill ta, ..who .hstin.
- sss-si .rv.,p.,-....v .., .J -, -4 -gu;s Jvttd th e rrscl ve s-a-t
easy descent at Q leensiown) a. d , . .
. . meiuioned in (jovernor
bank ot the mer texceptsnc: tiomi ,. w . .
i . u j - . . ? . I l'om Yorkonthebay
Dtnit- ui d Le i siown, as
or : Pi eVost's general order.
y of f orauto, thi settle nei'ts
runs upon the bar
the falls to Queensiown) through a delightful cnl
tivated country. Between the Chippewa aiid trie,
U a small creek crossed by a bridge.
The Chippewa is a slow, black strearrij coming
from a level, fertile country, to empty ijito the
Niagara at the village of Chippewa; 3' miles above
tlie fall. 'Th rpfflc Ivinrr ,l.- an,l ... f-.-..tl,. i !
is crossed a few chains h om its month, hv . 1 10111 yvama and New Jersey
hndge of" about .150 or SOO feet long- Ten or
itvelve rods above the bridge on the north hank ;
flf the rriplc,.. a k!rrlr hnmn'.' m- I : .". '
of peace, by a sergeant's gnard. " - ' !TT f ',e, ""'s are well disposed toward the
The furs and merchandizes which are1 brought Ui'Ucd s,,al'"and are irttinlW related to thtm
cotintr v is very level ther is little stagnant water.
I lie waters oMhe lvakts and Great Rivers ate
quite pellucid. The lesser streams are dark,
though the waters oi the country are healthy, a no
I have taken i he liberty of making these re
marks from a conviction that when a viewis'tHst)'"
passionately taken tf the ; subject, he N'atiorwl Lcl;
gislature will notrnegket such rreasurtsiSsSshall
tend" to advance the best interest of tWir country''1
:..,:-. ;n"ZT;L mr-y: r '-r : . , . .- li- . . ii . . " - i t : t i tt " '
iutinow mr intv air v siunrBu. ' l nQtrgngmO-nMinajprt. id fioe-w wpwe-tjs.
sily ahdperfettly rana leu as (his. Oa; laiye lakutr
iiuu uuuiciuua rivcrn uiiwruic jiicbii oi iir.cibcci" ,
ing every port of the country with canrt. fub
lie and private lnd will tliereby be increased jn
all .abound with irreat variety of finest fiSh.; value, while emuloyment will be eiveh to a lisrL'e !
are tol 'portion of the inhabitants, Two hundred wawtn
era.edby the climate, somewhat above 100 miles lor the last three months -have, been tn constant
Peaches, pears, and the delicious melons
west of. Albany, and acquire more and more fla
vor, by favor of soil and climate,' westward lo
Detro't. The left bank of the Niagara is pretty
well cultivated, and the soil though less fertile
than the interior 'yield ''torn and rye, and fronvl8
to 24 nushtls of wheat an acre. B.javer D.irris, a
fiw miles west from the fdls, is better cutTivated.
by fjimers from New" Jersey and Pennsylvania, I
a.yl may be known by t he clover helds, higli tenses,
antl.g'(.d barns of stone, where the materials can
lbeJiad lfel$, androu(thMiibe4n-suIa-heeS'
succeed surprisingly. '; ".,-.'
lhe substratum of the plains is limestone, and
G. psumor Plaster of Paris is found there.
Besides fruits anfl wheat U'nntr Canada fur.
. . a i ... ... as -
ia?c From-' Kingston to Yotk about two thirds of the ; .,,hes.to the British great store of provisions for
initsbitants. are -Americam. . ;.. y -( Quelle, Halifax and the West Indies and the
rhe settlements mi the Grand- RiVeri'which 'K't possible, 'encouragement, is-held ouLior
Americans' rnos JviroisthR hemp for tl.eir navy. Great stret.9 is also
r some from'i'a,' "P01"1 ie Canadians as observutcn.es upon the
extend along the waters ot Lower Cafiada and j
iroro two to .wenty miles back, thinly, and,ho vil-
enpeis in o Etie, are all by
New England and York
The left bank of Detroit is settled by French
trom the north west, drop down u some place i' '-" wuguage u mines..
Within a few miles of Chippewa, whence they are se :tl,s ! -e.fui and national inclination,
carried to the spot and deposited t the stream i( lhe ' "K'ous Brock told them (see his proclama
;the Niagara belowahia -'creek -being- too rapid' for iln, 32d J,1,y" 1812 tha' ia caHe of.cor.quest,
' paligag in safely. The NiuKara" is 'here 2 Uie Uned Sta'.es . xvould ctde them to France, fn
wfeswic-eiyettheie ts aT
Cautiously ascend ihr! stream m h,a ..-, ... rJ xi U'r-n as a consideration of her del to the United
- ; - uvii' i, vi-v a I
-yy island, half a mile above ChinDswa.t'hcfnrfe
they cross to Fort Schlosser. The Chiuptwa,
though a cohsidtsrable stream, cannot sTct io
trungle its tlaik waters with the priJuciJ tu--ent
Ji the maiestife Niagara for.v6ne mife'and'w nJlfl-
"!).;. 'a.""' .-. -.. 1
v isconnoeu to a narrow path along tin: iiar,
V-V '",e s 8S' finite ' between the wa-t-rs as
between the land and water. The' isag bf this
,etk in a hostile mannsr, except on the u t, may
b d.sputed. -Nfturejoprjnscs ll0 thtrr obstacle in
trtirch to fort.Corge by this road. , " V
rV'rV Ceo. ge fyrXswM 'k approaclied by'ihree
-Jaris ;one from Queenstown i ofie by. the lake,
r.ne creek called : Tie Twelve (tl,e number
given tjt by ithe Vurve) or&) and anr,u,tr oy tiie
, Wle road through lhs swatrtp, from The Ten
(soothe creek so calkd).'- BeUeeh ' N ia.ra
JW--Jifc.head of-Ontario, are. creeks called the H
IV20'40 a0d 50lh- Thti 5tl; i6,
No load leads directly from" Erie-to Deti- iti
niaa. turns west from thel falls thiongt. Bed 1
town Zt ' v. wPKi one Irpvo tu ens Britain In this light, the Six Nations werenieat
J4 T V ' anu. .one irom iN, igiraVuy theJhythe-Ji:renclt.' Mt was b .ly by sjnister policy;
iW'"r.l V ' : : v L n M,'-T me fty imposiaon, deception, and slate iujVling, that
theFa. " 3,n" 4irjw i-je02own and tions and treated them as,Sub ects. The prfidy
States during the revolution ; ..in if not.M c -.led,
ihty would no', however, bt'sdmitrcci to the full
privileges oi the s'a'.cs ; and thj tii'.y would be
sx:X,iud(4'-JxVIT'..the-ocean bytliff policy' of America,
and. if hot so Tesiriciedr their comrnerce be no.
thing "without the favor and permission of Great
Bntjin. . , .
It is pet fectly astonishing that these plausible,
ingenious and influi-iuial assertions of lirock, have
never been answered and 'done away by the A me
ricah1 ge-nierals ; Desiguing. person also' impress
upon unii'foimed minds the hclicf that private
pvopt-rfy s farms) will pe coufi seated to the con
que.pis.i fhis has great etTiCt-t t
The India i tribes of the Pt niosula (the Six Na
tions) are uHici. ky told that they are invaded as
weil as the territory of the whites, and thjat it is a
common cause ; whereas the United States have
declined 'the -offered .sorvices of friendly Indians,
becauseTt is' not their jjoa'rrvl. ih tbia' cause We
rconiz; thetn, ns regards, war, a sovereign and
independent people,, totally unconnected with G-
ThelJbHowing letter from the i Collector cf-the
Port of BosioA, to Dr. Miichill, presents so
important a view of the facilities and importance
ot Internal Navigation, that. we have been in.
duced to solicit a copy'Tbrpubricalion,' and now
recommeiid it to the earnest attention of our
", :)f!fl'i;. I i.i 1 1 ir ill j rlir tr iiirh rf tli.iH d rj in.
vested with Le gislatiVe 'authority JYai. " Inicl,
'.. .j CUSTOMTIOUSE, r ;
.rrr" ' Boston Jan. 9, 1813
jResfiected Sir, ; '-'-".'
An evtnt" has recently taken place' within my
; knowledge which so strikingly exhibits the enter
prizing genius ot Americans, aru opens such an
extensive held for the patriotic speculations of the
statesman and legislator, that I am induced to
communicate the circumstances to , a friend to
the. happiness and prosperity of his cuiihtry.
Dunn,; the week ending the Jast year, a Mr
employ from Boston to Providence,' while before.
lhewar there were only two, which were regular'
bage waggons. ' ;-y '
You may fcjom these facts form some idea ot
the great advantages which must result from In.
1 . . ' j ' f
ternai iavigauon. a . ,
With sentiments of ihe highest esteemt
" . I have the honor to be, "
1 Sir, your obed't servant, : T
H. A. Y. DEARBORN. '
Hon.- Somwl. L. MuehM-- v -t:
"Londcm, Dec. i.
PRINCE REGENT'S SPFKCa.
HOI'S K OF LORDS, NOV. JO.
is day the business v( the session commenced
the usual formalities. Soon after 2" 'clock'
his royal highness the Prince Regent arrived at
the house, attended by the great officers of, state,
Sec. when the members of-the house. of commofis -being
called in, his royal highness was pleased f
to deliver the ".following speech from -the: jhfoWs-'n
My Lords and Getitlemen, '-r i' V--"- fi
ICis with the deepest concern that I sm obliged .
to announce to you, at the opening of this' par-.
liament, the continuance of his majesty's lament t!
id indisposition, end the diminution, rf i h: hopes, -which
I" have most anxiously entertained, f hi
recovery. . ' ."r
The situation of publioflairs has induced tne
to take the earliest opportunity of meetin;M pn af
ter the late elttlions. I am persuaded you will
cordially participate in the satisfaction which B -j
oenve ironi mc jroprovciHcnjii oui iuscl.s
rintcthe course of the present year. " t
The valor and intrepidity displayed by his rr?a-.
jesty's fr ice's, and! those, of his allies, in the T'e-
ninsula, on so. many, occasions during this cu.n
paign, and the consummate skill and judgrr.ent
VV tiies of t Ids town, a yoiitjg gentleman "of. great ; by gene al t,he, marti)is of Wellington, have led'.,
activity and mercantile information, has received ! to consequences of the iltmost imponatice to the
al i he Custom House, certificates of the legal im
portation of goods to the amount , of thirty thou
saivf dollars, which have been sent to Mexico by
the following route : V : -. ' .' .' . ; '
From Boston to Providence in waggons thence
by water through the Sound to Amboy, thence
( n. waggons and by water to Philadelphia, thepce
in waggons to Pittsburg, then: down tyc' Ohio
and Mississippi ,jtp New-Orleans, and from thence
by land and in boats to Mexico. Thhs transpor,
ting merchandize, oyrinland conveyance a' greater
distance than has ever been done by the people ot
any age or country, save by those who trade, be
twren, China and Moscow :'?'- ''' '...'-
C-But what is mbst astonishing, vtheexpence from
common. cause. -8 ; (
. By transferrir.g the war into the inferior oC
Spain, ar.d by the glorious" and ever nurVoVablr
victory obtained at Salnrranca, he has compilletJ
the enemy to raise the siege of Cadiz; anrf tfca
southnn province of that kit.gdcm haveJbeer
livered-fronr.ihe power and arms of France. " .
Although I cannot butregiet that i'he jtllcrts. f ,,
the eneniy, jrombined with a. view lb civc jrret't '
operation, which have rendered it recesssrV ro
withdraw frra tht-iiege of Burgos, and to evacw.;
ateLlMidvid, for the Purpose of concentrating the
main Ka.W nf ihi- ullied force i these tff rls of J
the euemy bavt nevr.rtheUss, beeVi atterwled wh
imrntant sacrifices on their psrt, -which mus s
40 mil., r v.. r' "V .V'Y "W