' - ,- v " - if . ' .. lt.-..-. i'v ... ;.. -' ... , .. -..- . -
,-r- " nM1M- I .., ,.,.i. I, I ii nil. Ill i II iij I l.l'l I ' II I 1,11., II 1 - , -- .- - 2--JK-T 1
tALEIGU, " PUBUSliD(wlBKLT) BY LUCAs AND A. H. B0YT5.AN;? tair trwus is Anw. ,
.: .... y
17D THA V T AV Oftl fit Q
AN Oil VTION. ' .
ivercd before the Washington Benevolent So.
fcietv of Maisachusc;ts, on he 30th cay ol
LApiil. I 1 3. Ijeirnj .i anniversary of the first
Uo;'.uguration of P reside ot VVashington. .
BY J3SIM QiTISC. I,
As2cmbljd ia the name rU' Washinston, n-
lire ot his spirit CJcerii'iiig oui' dutKs. In his
d and writings, by precept and by exum(l , his
licit '.responds: u hons of-e VVaahingiox : Az.
thru! iq . your country I ' . ' ' ,
But in ttmesiik 'ourl,.what ,i fiielityo our
untry t Uispiritjv living the record pf hls
d juiak wha i tfO and uswrol-!.
VVtf. viold to the venerated i:.ffucnce, and de
te this hauf to what is H,ue and What ia usef'i.l
b;; known, concerniuir the cinditioo, anJ 0" or-1
c soi'our coaotrV, -.6r'xhfes?,''!btvy clouds
from t fnecra, actjng under his authority.? - Or,
need I mint the author, n-jwnot denied, of the
nnonymous letters to the revolutionary array, to
wards whem, Washington invited that iirrny ? u lo
x press their utmo .r hoVrouc Sc detestation.' (
Btl although, it ii undi riiablej that the, ene.
rnies of the livi y WshiRtpo," preside over oar
destinies, perhaps, noihithe is dead, they are
convert! to his principles. Vtiangii indeed,, if
(he principles, which, in this day s;cured our
peace, vindicated orir honour, maintained tran
quility at liomt. and respect abroad, and raised
our country .;tQ the . highest' pitch of greatne.s,
should be the same principles, which, in our, day
hav-S. lost oor peace,-4iacri$Cl our. honour, c4f
tered discord at t)omt and tttde u theacora of
one btlligtreBt arid hc victim ftf the other v tt
forth sweet waursand bitter.'
v The principle of .V ashing ton, which-lay at tb
fomidi'.on ofhb glortf and was the oasis of the
Vlessitigs of his J iy, " vas io inti'iduce vli-tqe ahd
! talent, i ito th'? eouduot. of pub,ic'"jffairs.( -The
ln It i a soltsmri'sr.fm t aivd no time to col-,
fct flowed cl; fancy, or to indulge in sports J m' With these !
t ,atellect.May th spirit of WAn , ! ?u,s,te i? I'f; -al suostrvicnc
L ..! U it iit.; n,.r 'rhmi'crh:it----ire u, alone, suihctcot- to
I Y 5 '?' -"." ...U-l j
cannot ie-.1 uvThv aarnc foundations bend noti viewed by the Hght, and tried by theTtan&
r' . . t. i ' i' i i mar '
8TQ. oi w asningion.
In treating of our condition,! shall! noi waste
the hour iq idle regrets, or rain criminations.
This hand Of ruin is upon us and upon our ci'ies.
Tha deep, and ancient rtot of the prospvruy of
Massachusetts U 'withering. Our commerce,
navigation an! iisheri'.8 sre gone. A whirlwind
irom the ww, tm passing over those raassfy pjl-
WT a. kavt 4,11 .V f f J. - l...jr . .
cphstriutionally speaking, and as far as the mea- Wathirgtoni.. He has told us that txpeti
suresof theoatioai government have effect, werence U th surest standard, by which to test the'
wear is galling and soql depressiiig achiiin as. real tendency of the existing consti'ution of
ever afflicted heople. AH this is natural. " -AlJ;country." Ik taught us "to resist with care iTir
is charatenstick. AH is necessary. The spirit j spirit of innovation upon, its principltb." He in I'
launi pvt uuwii ine ?pim ci wasqioyton, oy siruciea us,rnai" ine spirit ct encroachment tends
appeanng. to oase passions and exciting corrupt
hopesy A cabinwwer, must maintain its as
ceodency y be' meari through which it Mias
obtaine;d.'j 1 'Basejaiotis filial be fosttretl. Cor.
rupt ho'ci must be, gratiSed. : Power, which lives
y cotltf H-Hist fird,o will make, the aliment
ptfeesVary for its $vjpporu It hastens to glut its
ravening appolite on onr morals that it may de
vour lit Mties, titi; leisiirVi - h... '
ouch e 4ttr ralets -aftd ;h?ir - priU:tK when
principle of ou; present rulers i3 to iiroJuce tools
hun the great r.
v- The singb
account for thr ;lars ofonr greatness, and thev eri already pros
: iv f . ...i..?..t j;.. r.v ....... ... t - . - ' t , ' '. -1. . ' .
asU'n and direct every pitrioiick punvjse : ele 1 , mcrt-.jce ' pouuca conuiuon. ,'" tamcnwuoD ana aespair sua nortne con-
tr ur' minds above the-ooor projects ot.preueat : ...w.. ..vv..v.. u
H.r-.niw-mK,,c,r,.h f,,Tirrr. mri IS" - cl the .comer .stone of the. republican lot Masachuie.t? To thcta. it belongs to be
V-." W..V.V.- . ... , I IT . .1 . . . (
a-tiu yi j;viornmein nic ineory in wou u 111111101111 oi inecnaricer 01 neir anc-'Stors 1; men
I'afu j 1 ir iKiu !.x :. .f ... Ik., uin IrA.n fv 41 m . 1 . . f . 1 . J
to consolidate the powers of all the departments
in ripe, and thus to crear, whatever the form of
govechmenVa;K-ai desptrfisrh And his'paur
oA zejee now warns us,, as from the ,give, a.
gaiust change by usurpation as thegtustamtiry
weapon by which free gowihrants are-'desUoy
hUue and it
cernlng the remedies, for the evils which we suK
speak cor.ceming: the changeyhich
ur jawoit nave 'sroautf n moor l ' . i
d future biosueritv i and inoiiiT Mn-
It is a notorious fact, that, partly by !h&Vp'ei-
Of the slave ratio wi thb cor stituf 6n, , , and
by. the" unexampled emigrations Xfnto4 the
-arid teach us to be as i t ue La our posterity
west,,lh proportions of-political 'power'"." among,'
the states of this country have changed, 'sioce tlm '
adoption of the federal : constiMion, in a' deree
as unanticipated, as the result is eventful and o
minious. On the proport ion of its political po w
r, in an association like ours, doeai the safety of
everr state, whic
And reason ' teaches, and safety renuirrs. that
juc f ahers were to ii? ; and as he was to bis U - " esuu, me vir- kcsji . mscern.ana resolute te pertorro tnetr du-j mis proportion should have retereoce Co the na-
' trie anil ! aI i ; s nf n r fill I' : u vSfi'il -,ri-ftifjp ,iVt- r i I tlAfc. .wnM niit cn!i! Ic iuliAm nmox ..miII rrl iumni i Inr and o-ral nusf .F St , I- T -.1. n i
LJfl'rV. i. 5 .i -- - ........ v... , e j nnvuivnvi 1"UIU iiul imnji .u'v uuu iimiibai ulna Kiiwicaia. - x ' O all llu l B
' ' 'iV . . :, -. JiHTt:.' tiru,..,,.. ..... . u':- i'.:!.. .....! ,. ... ',.. r...l . ..... to. , J . ... ' -. - '
Thtf circumstances and "nrospects of our tunes ut311' i3 ,v "c,r,c' " - 3V4 vcuumvi,S;,..ui uuu ei.j,nare, nor iorce sudouc ine ne- "-ca-,ion 10 uiusirate tnese principles, herealter.f
r. best viewed by the hght of Washington. - " a P"11'' or "u-11 T l a cmei, or ?uoserviency;!.cenanis 01 sunn men ought to blusn, at being i reier 10 mem, at present, onJyaslhe' ba.is cf
hat is fdlsd. orcounterfeit, w;ll easilv be tie- ' H" ui"""'"j ,.ri.,..iuu6u mm auuuit'i. niong iiom ohc mouc otuis iujumuoii( tuai, -masroucaas tne.aieiy te.
the outset of the power of these m-n, other, oppression to another nd from-one stage oi
r r w iru r r I nv smuuiu ii iik. t.iii.ii
x, conduct and principles. Viewed by hisTTightr !30RSUI:lllons tlun t 4 honesty, capacity, and held j corruption to another ; each individual happy if
,ples; ai what of oorl; condition - ' Bhce and appointment, the moral oasts of fnt re j ral ,ruiri(; .content with life and precarious enjoy-
Our' rulers, .who are theyatid what is true of Pu51.ick 18 K00' . Its fofTn auv, i'-deed, r.tnaiiMiment to Uav and tomorrow ; careless of the long
! . ' ' .. .. but it4 Vital Sliiri' ha flnrl TI utrrain ,'if,(ip. rt'rnt ;if limo. iv!w.r ; .m .r.mo. Tka
im r hp. vi urin u ki-.aiitnr. Air. iiirnrn.i i ... ........ -..u .r. n uuiiii. .uainomi tut
ecr.t.ry of State. Mr. Gallatin, secretary of j ruPt,on' whdn wce lt :gns ,to flow ia a-free
Treasury.' Mr. Armstrong. Secretary of
STar. hvery mm ofthem 11 Washington's day,
he en raies ot his policy,--AH of them laid tire
bunrj.-uior, ot their present elevition oa the ruin
jf his influence, and that ot his selected frietils.
The President is that individual, who, for al-
boat eiirht years, was Lone of the leaders in the
Luse of Representatives of an, opposition to Jum
hd, his measures, equally bitter and determined.
he secretary of butt: is thaLjndiwidual, who,
jring the same period, publicly :and Jabouriously;
jeliefl his administration, a'sf wasteful, coward 'y,
hd contrary to the publick feeling' and iu lg
lent.' Need I tell you of the clerk of the Pit.s
brg!i insurgents, whtn they voted unanimous
t" 1 o withhold all ,the comforts cf lile,"
In a book. wjUtenylru-Monroe&ndpulH
ihea.m tne year 1797, cTttttledt" A View of
he Cojitfuct of the Executive,;in the foreign at
birscftht U. S'.ntes." Ik: thus txuresses him.i
tlf concerning the situation of America, under
lie administration of Washington, and of bis con-
uct as the executive, of the U. . (
In , her foreign veldUo'ns, nothing is to be
ktn, but the waste and pillage of her com me; .e,
Inn....: i I...
pmcumca ujr scvciai powers, always y.some
iic ower : ananuie ress man anarchy at home ;
lor-ihe seeds of discontent, jesk-u-y, and disu
nion have been scattered throufrhou-'mese states.
lathe course of a few years past, wi.h a wisteful
and oy what means, then. vas this state of
country, ns'ye,r retreats to its foundation i nor does
the spring which feeds it, ever become dry. At
first, it winds its ay, in secrecy an l silence, at
tracting to its current, only what is light and ho!,
low, and rotten aud feculent; but soon gathering
boldness in - its course, it advances with on ii re
sistible torrent, and sweeps ""iway every honour
at the field, and every nnund of eafety.
Whenever, the mlers of a nation become Ihe
mere heads via party, the 1uhI & least considera
tion witirthetn, is the good of j.eople. View to se
ctlrc their power ; how to manage the elections;
very stats depends upon its proportion of political
power in association, it is both-the tight, and the
duty of every stafrtblnqnireinto' that mattert'A'
ra-e win soon close upon us and our vain 0fs
find yv )r sinticipstions. You are fathers. What!
pouucai-jahsruatice do you leive t your children r
free people have a rightj and it is their duty, to
inquire! ihe securities mey possiss or their lib
ertieiand prd,)trties ; and to -see, whether tlirjr-
be such as ought to give content to ise and vir- T
tuous minds. Vhtrk U nothing mysterious in the 1J
fabvick of our freedom. There is no divine richt
Where U- the sources of the evils, which we 'of Kings, or Presidents or Congresses, ";in 'the 4 1,1
suff.- I Whit are the remedies! What are our j whole compound. By ijieconsuiutioirxifihe JComn ' (A
dolus? , 7 ."rn'on Wealth" of Masi'k'husettsTiri
Ihe sources of a neonle's suffering for the
moft part, lip bidden' from casual observation and
superficial research.. It often rrquires firmness
and fidelity, as weM as labour, to penetrate their
natures hnd explor oppression to iis jountairis .
There is, alio, a self deception, which, from in-doL-nce,
or o'pibv. the lovg of ease, or o' business
woo is the finest tool; wha will "run the fastrm, mankind, even the best are berDetuallv inclined
go thb ftL-tffes.t, a:i;J hold out the longest, for the to practice, and v hichfor the" most part, make
least wages of corruption, are the only inquiries- i such mq iii U s a. octiv'e. They mistake effects,
To erive muscle and durability to their influence i for causes : esr.ara from nrrni nflVriin."lftr
is the single end of their political system Tor
British injuries aNre magnified For this t'ieh&h
ilT;i tio s are cultivated an-1 French insults and
injuries palliated, or concealed. For this we hid
restriction. For this, embargo. 1'or thiswe have
war For this, wer shall be continued. And if
peace come, Tor this peace shll be concluded
For unprincipled ambit ion in powtr affects not
even publick good, excepr from cor npt motives.
Neejd; t TinhT. ijluntraie the ljfcrcnc'e;pf prin-
ciple, tvhicn distinguisticf. the preser.t times from
thoseof Washingto.-. Then ih spirit of -pa'trio
tbm prcdomj tinted. ' Mow the cabal Then vir 1
tusjvaa 4n high places. Now, there is intrigue.
Then we hd wisdom fi our guide- --Now. '-tun
hings produced, and why was 'i't produced'-' j05;,K ; h-;n debate in either house of congress,
I'll is well known that the executive admini-l . l upon puonc measurs. 'ow, what
Ltratio'i li;is heretofoi'tgui-Ud all our measures; ' u l0. ?e d nei 15 8eUle before debate,'. or with-
pursuing, in 'mny intdncvs, a course of prilicy ttv,H' A t3'JU,et r a caucus"," brooding in
qually contrary to pubhek feelincrs and nnrJic k 03rtr!oss, aecides tne- late ol the country, and a
tidgment.'. , -i : " .h' jSss, calling itself free, registers its decrees.
" Notas tnts all : Our' national honour is in
relief from the diseaser When, perhaps, it is on
ly that morbid torpor, which precedes idiocyj br
ty Irtquently to resort to first principles. . We
have not only the right to examine the top and the "
shaft of the column pf our Ubertiesvbut irit ap-'
pear out of plumb, or out of level, it is made out
duty to look at the corner stones and sep if they '
are, not falling away. ,1 know thai when ''these to
picfes are touched, all th cr&frstenr thost who ,
make profit by the shrm'esr and are growing fat
on the offal of the sacrifices, arje in an uproar and
run about crying, m The constitution is in dan.
ger. These thing lead to a dissoluuon of the 1 k
nion. Great is Diana of he Epbesians !" What 2
Are we not.freemen ?, If, to any individual, the
result of our political institations appear incompii.
tible, with general, or particular, . safe'ty, shall he
not speak?- How, then, can the. evils, which ab
i feel, or fear, be remedied, or prevented ? Hov
maiiness : that state . of-nejrvous imbecil'ty-into
'which .nature sinks,, while she prepares fuel for
ne flames ; and collects stimulants, for further
sutTcrii;gs,awd Wronger convulsions.
Who, that understandi the real cor.ditinn of oor jelse can we bring our ! existing ; constitution jo
country, can retrain 'from such-' reflections, when that test of , experience,-'; which Washington "has1
he hears the greetings in pur places of public re jtold us is the surest standartl of its real tendency,
sort and the dreams of our news pipers! 'Whatiln my judgment, concealment in. such case,
think you ? Istot peace coming ? The Rus- is not so much - an errour, as e crime.' For a
ist: we have b.en kicked, ff,nrlphiq-j'h. g r -"tercourse or dealings with them,
all over th, an ; out reputation' for faith ! J,0
d ; .our governm,ntnde: blamed as i , Tlt S Jm
oarcis, incapable of beimr nrovoked in" 'resist., w . "T IM, anQ ie,low cnizentCW.e
tnd read v to receive feain-rhoU' rh.n. w, hJi.we to cactl otherV and uP"n a occasions treat
aught others to burst, Loner will it be before
e shall be able to, forget what we are, nor will
fentuues suffice to raise us to the high, cround
timiii wc nave laiirn." ? M.mi'i
icw, &c. , printed in Philadelphia, bv Beniamin
. .a.junn jacne, iyz, pages iui. and Ixvi, . . '
Such is Mr- Monroe's '.View" of theadminis
rution oitisorge VVasigtotiTTl
I t Extract from Cache's paper of September I,
At a meeting of sundry inhabitants of the west-f-n
couMtcs of Pennsylvania at Pittsburgh, on
Iije21st oCAugust 1792; Col.ijohn Cannon' was
Vaced in the chaii and Albert . Gallalib aonomted
Th- excise Jivv of congress belrt taken into
'isidorati.in,a "committee was appointed to
.''eiia-e a .:r iujrht of resolutions. exDrtsstmr the
Me of -the meeting on the suUje'ct of said
iw. . , -; .; '- . ; f. JT-" ,.' ,
Adjourned ungi;;lQo;c,ac. to-mm"-
:.. . ' August 22 i"ri?2T .
The committee appointed yesterday made're-
Pr-V which being t'ead twice, was unanimously
l,;eti: - .. , ; ; .
be following ' is one of several resolutions
'animonsly flHrpied V -
nd whereas some men may be found arfloncst
i so far lost tovery sense of virtue and feeling
1 me Gistress ot this country, as to accept offices
r collection of the-duty. . ' Tm'
'' Resolved therefora, That in future we will
'flsider scji pe.rsris a? unworthy q our friend-
them with that contempt they deserve, and that it
be, and it i? hereby mosfearnestly recommended
to the people at large to follow the same kind of
conduct towards them." (Sitrned) "i
J' - " JOHN C VNNON, Chairman.
ALBERT GALL Al IN, Clerk:
:-;". "Let me corjure you, in the name of our
common country, as ydujralue your own sncred
; as you respecfthe ; rights ofTuimanityl
afso as you regaru the 'military. nd nationat char
acter of America, to express your utmost hor
rour and detestation, of the man who wishes," un
der any specious pretences to overturn the liber
ties of our country.'V
Washington's Address to the Army, on the
subject of "the anonymous letters. Marshal's
kite ot v ashington, 4th voL P. 602.
sian mediation, will not'that be successful ? Can;
loans be obtained ? Without loans can the war
be protracted?--' As if 'in this war was included
the sum of our evils ! As if this was the cause
' f c ddmities, or was any thing else than the symp
ttfm ofiiir disease !
Suppose peace. What then ! Is .confidence
restored? is the'anii.commercial spirit subdued?
Will the double duties be repealed ? Can com
mrcial prosperity revive under these imposition
Or if it revive dor a moment, is there any reason
to hope, that the mnchinations against its : vital
principles, which have now become systematized
and already i educed it to the vergToTannihlUtion7
will not br reptated, and in other ntSdes. and u
der more favourable auspices, made successful.
, las! people of Massachusetts ! I cannot con
ceal the deep convinction of my 60ul, that peace,
useir, desirable as n is, and anxiously as ".every
loverof his country ought to pant Tor it . will be,
in truth, only an alleviation from present ills, and
will b' very. Jar from restoring to your prosptn
ty that solid basis, which a wise people ought lo
seek, and a powerful people, in the exercise of
constitutional rights to demand.
The. sources of our sufleiings Tie deeper than
embarRO, or war ; great as are both these evils.
Washington foresaw and foretold, that these men
" would be, satisfied with nothii g ;sborf of a
change in our polkical system." But Washing.
ton himself did ndt foresee, nor could any human
eye have, foreseen, the change, which, in so short
a space of time, has been made in the internal re-
latimns of this country much less could he 4iave
It TV 4 1 . ... J'""
J.t rvrr ; a r 7 j -J arcumatan of j foreseen' the change- whicl)-' artful construction
! ! .fUPd a,modera:. participation j anA interested usurpation luveade-in-the-prhv
H-yj no.. Jtv u iu imrc ana 10 accident to raise
them to their just sphere: I shsll correct the
procedure; but that done, return with joy to that
state of tnings when the Only ques'ions concern
ing a candidal shall be, is lie honest ? is he ca
pable I is he faithf.il to the constitution f "
' President JetTersoh's reply to ihe remohsrrinee
oniie merciramrot-Wew tlavynT
Tnrlvi.v.aie t. u . . 1 i . . ' i ... ' '
- - v. uq,t ucany ciapaeq since tne a
boVe letter waa written; but neither, Mr. J.ffer
sonnor his successor ever yet hare known " the
joylf that State nf things when" honesty, capaci
ty, or fidelity to the constityUon were the only
O'ltsuons, concerning a candidate, ; Y
These changes; make little noise, and excite
less sensation. They are treated as topicks of
curiosity ; yet it is the condition of thingNs,whir.h
these changes indicate and make permanent, that
encourages the spirit and emboldens' the policy of
the ruling cabal ; that, makss intrigue and cor
ruption 'the necessary instruments of power ; and-
renders commercial embarrassments, modified in
ceed,;by occasional circumstances, inevitably per
petual, as an essential means t)tsu:ccess;in the pro
ject of its ambitionl t -A
vMarshaU'flife of Washioelam vol. 5; n. 34
! of the notes. .
crime it is, for a citizen, in a free countiy to scs
or believe that he sees, distinct dangers surrounds
ing the Commonwealth, and be silent concerning
the m, either t hrough fear of pel sonal responsiUli -ty,
or in suberviency to the apathy, .or the pre;
judices of the times. '
"Ao v; it: is not true that tuch inquirius tend to thf
ditto fuHon pthc Union, On the contrary their
neural tendency is to strengthen it. Tor, if such
i?iqutVy result, in the conviction that, the rational
security we ought to 6eek, exists, then surdy
there js, content ; and thence .strength ;-ancl
thtncij continuance. But, if the result of the in.
irfen, tnaeeq, tms conviction has a tendency to
produce a consentaneousiss of sentiment and ac
tion in the oppressed members cf the associotiori "
Which, in its result," w have reason to hone,. can.
'not fail 'to bribgrto a Constimional way, opprcv.
sors to a sense of their duty and their interests.
If this should rnot be the case, still, our duty t ej,
majnsi The duty of fivemen is, frequently, r
examine into the basis of their liberties. Unless,
indeed l be asserted, which, at this day, and inc
jhis country, I think it wilUiardly be, thai a freet
people ore necesarily o'f-that tribe of Issacher,
which must crouch under all the burdens imposed .
upon it audnot open, its mouth, whatever be
its sufleiings, provided its side. are belabourtd,
with sticks oi a lega! size, flourished practised iff--cording
to the forrris of a writttn'mahuaK.
; (TO BK COKTIKUtn)
" Washington's Valedictory1' Adc?res vto thfi.
People of thj Unitt d Statr s. . v.
STATE Ol NOIUTI eAitOLiA 5
7";-' IREDKLL CCl'NTY. "
, In Equiry-rffirit Term, 1813. .
Milus NUbet, (adraini trtof of S. S. Sava-t, iUc.) and E!iV
y belli Svae, cqm?i.ai n a.n it, . ' --
. vf. ' .'V '";'" -
JohnNisbet, Thomas B'eweit, and Georgp W. DIdon, cxif
inr.oi vjeorj;e uayiason, aec. Df Kt KDANTi. -
APPEAR tWga&t-John Pa.Kho.), wuMihecuuitsl
a. v(Krge4vioiOD. lateoi Momg t:)cy county. dcceoc,-nT,.
without ihe limits of ihe Stajc jt ucbeiclo.e ou e cLliy ha
Cdiurt, that publication bp made four wcclw in the .Kieiyji M(-
ntrva lhat the said John Davida.-n appear Lei--re ihe nxt Court, .
tftij&hld on t HQ fourth Monday after ili.foun, !&.-&by?i Sp
tembei next, and their cauJe why he shall not bo u),iio a yytft
del'endaiit in said iit. . . " '...""'. -- t:.:
Wm. Sharpe, tf . r