runts dollaks psr
RALEIGH, N. C PUBLISHED (wKtKuj Ji'i LVCASAND .H. JiOYL AN,
FRIDAY, AUGUST 61813."
ftt7 V ER Y I M PORT ANT I ;,
From French pipers tecetvea oy wie arnvui iasi
Q 'evening of the schooner' Bayntrx oTbstZO days
okHCIaL NEWS FROM THE GRAND
' " Paris, May 29, 1813.
H- M. the EmpressTQiieen and Recent, has
received the following nccouhts of the events
which have happened at the. army on the 19th,
20th, 21st and 22d, and of the positions of the
tntiv onthe 230. - H
ThY Emperor Alexander and the King of Prus
sia attributed the loss of the" battle.-of Lutzcn to
errWrs committed in the-direction of the combined
foiceand above all to the difficulties attendent on
the opeMions of from 150 to 130,000 men, acting
t, the offensive.. They resolved to take up the
position of Bautzen and Hochkirch already cele
brated in the history of the seven years war j to
concentrate 'there all the-reinrorcements expect
ed from the Vistula and other points in the rear;
to strengthen this position by every means which
uvt could furnish, and there to encounter the
rbq it of another battle, of which all the probabi
lities appeared to'he in their favor.
The Duke of Tarentum (Macdonald) com
manding the 11th corps, departed from Bishops-
werden on the 15th; and, in the evening' of that
day, was within CApnon shot of Bautzen ; there
he reconnoiffift-V enemy's army. He took
up a positioiiyj . '
From this moment theJlfferent -.corps of the
Fr-nrh armv were marched upon the camp , of
Bautzen. 1 '
The Emperor left Dresden on the 1 8th ; he
slept at Haita ; and on the J 9th, he arrived at ten
o'clock in the morning before Bautzen. He
employed the whole of the day in reconnoitring
the enemy's positions. . ' .
We learnt that the Russian corps under Bare.
l.jv de 'lolly, de Laugcton and de Sass, and ht
Prussian covps of Kleist, had formed a junction
with the combined armband that its force might
be estimated at from 150 to 160 thousand men.
Onthe evening of ;tfc 19th, the enemy's posi.
tion was as follows : their left rested upon moun
tains covered with woods, ' and perpendicular to
the course of the Spret, about a league from Baht
sen. Bautzen sustained their centre. This town
had been intrenched around, and covered with re
doubts. The right of the enemy rested upon
some little fortified hills which defended the open,
iags of the Spred. This rery strong position was
but a 'first position.
We perceived distinctly at 3000 toises in the
rear, earth feshly thrown tip, 'and 'works which
drsignned. the second position. The left again
rested on the same mountains, at 2000 toises in
tiie riai- of those of the .first position, and consi
derahly advanced in front of the village cf iloch
kirchri-Tlw? centre rested upon three intrenched
vlltages, wf&rfeso many works had been thrown
upthat they might be considered as strong pla
ces, A marshy and difficult ground covered three
fourths "of the centre "Lastly, their right rested
behiadlhsJif st position, upon villages and little
hills entrenched in; the. sarnie manner.
' The front of the enemy V army, in the first and
second poiitioh, stretched a league and a half
Isngr ' ; .' . ''
. After this recormcisance, it was easy to con.
ceive how. notwithstanding the loss'of a battle.
like that of Lutzen, and after eight ' days of re
treating, the enemy might still hae hopes from
the chances oflfoi tune- According to the ex
pression of a Russian officer, who, when asked
what they intended to do, replied i We neither in.
tmd tn nrlvanr'e. nor Or draw back -to which a
$ tions with the detached corps. .Arriving at mid
night, general Peary mane bad arrangements ;
he did not cause the neighbouring forest to be
scoured. He posted his men badly, and at four
o'clock, be was assailed by a hourra which threw
several battalions into confusion. He lost 600
men, among whom was the general of brigade
Balathier, wounded ; two pieces of cannon, and
three caissws ; but the divisionhaving taken
arms, rested upon the wood, and faced thetnemy.
The count of Falury (Ktllerman) having ar.
rived with cavalry, put himself at the head of the
Italian division, and retook the village of Konigs
wartha. At the same moment the corps of Count
Lauriston, which marched ahead of that of the
Prince of Moskwa, In order to turn -the enemy's
position.jdepaitirig from Hoyerswerda, arrived
near Wessig T he action began, and the corps
of Yorck would have been destroyed,- had it not
been for aide file, which was to be passed and by
which means our troops only arriveiLsuccessively.
After three- hours of fighting, the "village otWeis
sie was corned, and the corps i lorck oer-
thrown. was forced on the other side of the
Spree. . .
The action of Weissig is of itself a vtry im
portant event. A dt 'ailed report of it will hegi ven
On the 19th slept at the post of Wcssi g-j-ilie
Prince of Moskwa at Mankersdorf ; and Count
Uetrnier a leacue in the rear. The rijrht of the
o ' . (
enemy's position was evidently uncovered.
On the 20:h. at 8 o'clock in the morninc: the
Emperor proceeded to the height behind Bauu
zen. He ordered the Duke of Reggio to pass the
Spree, and to attack the mountains which sup
ported the enemy's left ; he directed Fthe Duke
Tarentum to throw a bridge over the Spree irt
the bottom which this river forms upon the left
at half a league from Bautzen ; the Duke of Dl
matia(Soult) towhom H. M-had given the su.
preme command of the centre, to pass the Spice
in order to harass tKe3 enemy's right; lastly he
commanded the Prince of Moskwa, under whose
orders was the 3d corps, Count Lauriston
a:l Gen.' Regnier to approach lUix, pass the
Spree, turn the enemy's right, and to march
upon his head quarters at Wurtcheh, and fiom
thence pon Wessenburg.
At noon the cannonade began ; the Duke of
Tarentum found it unnecessary td throw ovet
his bridge ; he found before him a stone bridge ;
of which he forced the passage. The Duke ol
Ragusa threw oniia bridge ; his whole corps
d'armee passed m the other sid of the Spree.
After six hours of smart tonnonading and several
chartres which the enemy made without
Genercd" Pompans occupied Bautzen, General
Bocnet cccupied the village of Niedkavn and ear
ned at quick step, a plain which rendered h;m
master of the wliole centre of the enemy's posi
tion ; jhe Dake of Reggio possessed himself of the
heighls, and at seven o'clock in Ms evening, the
enemy was thrown back 'upon his second position.
Gen. Bertrahd passed aneof j.he arms of .the
Spree ; but " the enemy preserved the. height-,
which supported his right, and by "this- means
maintained himself between the corps of the
Prince of Moskwa and our army
back and left the village of Preilitz. The Duke said the' Emperor to him, there is another life i
of Dalmatia began to debouche at I in the alter., It is tnereyou snaH go .10 jwi hk, ..iu uicic
noon. The enemy comprehending ; the danger , we shall on? day meet again. Yes, sire, but
wi'.h which he was threatened br the turn theishall be in thirty years, when you snail nave
h9l hd takn. felt that the onlv means of sus Itriumphed over your enemus, and realised all
taming with advantage the action against - tne.
Prince of Moskwa, was to prevent us from debouch.
ing. 1 hey wished to oppose the attacn 01 me
Duke of Dalmatia. The moment for deciding
the battle was precisely indicated.The Empe.
ror, by a movement on the left, passed in 20 min
utes with the guards, the divisions of Gen. La
tour Maubourg, end a great quantity of artillery,
uponr the flank of the right of the enemy's posi
tion, which had become the centre of the Rus
iiart army. 1.:, -
The division of Morand and the Wurtemburg
division carried the hillock whiclLlhe enemy
had made hispoint of support.
Gen. Devaux established a battery, and direct
ed its fire upon the masses which sought to re
sume their position. The Generals Dulauloy
and Drout, with 60 pieces of cannon, advneed in
front. Lastly, the duke of Treviso, (Mortier)
with Silivisions of the younger guards, marched
upon' the Inn of Kliec Baschwite, cutting off the
raod from" Wurtchen to Bautzen.1
The enemy was obliged to uncover his right in
order to parry this new attack. The Prince of
Moskwa took advantage of this and marched
forward. He took the village ofPreisig, and ad.
vanccd, having pushed the enemy's quarters
upon Wurtchen. It was 3 oYlock in the after
noon, and whilst the army was - in the-greatest
uncertainty as to its success the Emperof" an
nounctd that the buttle was vton.
" The cntmy seeing his rights turned cOmmenc
ed his retreat, and this retreat soon became a
At 7 m 'he evening, the Prince of Moskva
nd Gen. Lauriiton arrived at VV::rtchen. The
Duke of Ragusa then received orders to make
a movement the reverse of that which the guards
had just made. He occupied all the entrenchci"
villages, and all " the redoubts which the enemy
was obliged to evacuate, advanced in the direc
tion of Hochkirch and then outflanked the
enemy's left, which then fled in the greatest
disorder. The Duke of Tarentum, on his side,
ar sailed violently the enemy and did him much
The Emperor slept upon the'road in the midst
of his guards at the Inn of Klem-Baschwitz.
Thus the enemy forced from all his positions, left
in ourpower the fitld of battle covered with his
success,! dead and wounded, and several thousand prison.
On (he 23J, at 4 o'clock in the morning, the
French r;ny put itself into motioi . The enemy
had fled the whole niffht by all the roads and in
The Emperor entered Bautzen at 8 o'clock
in the eveningy and was received by the 'innabi.
tants andlhe authorities with those sentiments
that allies ought to feel, who have tfie happiness
to be deUverexTfrom Stein, from KotzebueJ' and
from Cossacks- - This day, which were it connect
ed with' another, might' be clled the battle ot
Bautzen, was only the prelude to the battle of
Wurtzcher. '"".' .;' .
In the men- time, the enmy- begart to' real
ize the Possibility of being ffcrctdhis positions ;
! his Jbopes were no longerthe same, and he must
fcom this moment have lelt the presage 01 ins
defeat. Already were all his positions chtfngca.
vrr.u ir.... a . a, hrLnt have tt ine late ot tne oaiue was no iuiik1 k
1 ISIILII UUH-CI wnntiku . i" y-. ......... , -.. ... ' ,
.7JA.r.i1ed behind his entrenenmems. ins immense ia
!borsnd his three hundred redoubts became use-
in vouz-tiower to do the first , in a few days
will fhontf whether you are masters of the latter.
The head quarteis of the two allied sovcrignsi
was at the village of Natchen. . .
Onthe 19th, the position of the French army
was as follo ws :
Upon the right was the Duke of Reggio (Vic
tor) resting upon the mountains on the left bank
of the Spree, and separated from the enemy', left
byrthe valley. The Duke of Tarentum (Mac
donald) was in front of Bautzea, on the road from
Dresden. The Duke of Ragusa (Marmont) was
on the left of Bautzen, ophite to the vilUge .of
Niemcnich'itz. General Bertr'and was upon the
left of the Duke of Ragusa, supported by a wind
mill and a wood, and threatening to dcbou'cie from
Jjsditz vponths light of the enemy.
TlteVmc..- of Mokwa NTev), G-n. Lauriston,
-nd Ge:v-Regnier, wee at Ihyersweida, upon
t'h-j Bu I'm roai.!, out of the line and behind ouT
Ll . . '' ' .- -7.
The cietiy lei:g informed that a considera-!it-
, u.,a ..frivi.rt-litf i h was of Hoverswer-
derVdoubted whether the Emperor's intention was
not to turn the position of the right, to change
lire fitldf attlerandoiuse-to fall ' all these
I'tii renebments raised wi t h "so. Ihnch labour artid
Lh object 'J soniany1 hopes. 'r Being only aware
- f Uen Lauristtn's arrival, the enemy did not
uppose this column consisted of more than 13 or
Jo,000, menHe, theietore, detached against ' it,
At four in the -morning, Gen York with 12,000
Prussians ; aqd General Barclay de-lTolty with
i 8,d5o Russians posted themselves At li e village
:jf -4i.!ix and the Prussians at Weissig. ' -
I n the meantime Count BertranJ had -sent
Inerjd Perry with1 the Italian division to Ko-
m' -- - T ni:ntitr mfp rommnnip.
the hopes of our country. 1 have lived an honest .
man - ; -
I reproach myself with nothing. I leave a
daughter ; your majesty will be to her a father.
The Emperor pressing tvith his right panel the
Marshal, remained a quarter of an hour with his
head supported in his left hand with lh hrsst pro
found silericei M aire, re4iret thit sight diatreiM
es you. The Emperor leening upon the Duke
of Dalmatia and the grand, Squire, left the Duke
of Frioul, vwithout being ; able to utter any thinvr" r.
buttheR words 'tTFd'elthkni'niy -friend! -
majesty entered his renUnd received no ode
during the night-
y The 23d, at 9 o'clockin the morning, gf
ral Reader entered Guerlitz. Bridges were
thrown over the Neiss, : and the. army passed this
river, ..7 " ,' ' - - ;
On the 23d, in the evening, tlte Duke of Bel.
luno was upon Batzeburg ; Count Launstonj. had .
his head quarters at Hochkirch ; Count Regnief
in front of Trotskendorf upon the road of Lau.
ban, and Count Bertrarid in the rear of the samo
villages." The Duke of ' Tarentum was upoto
Schoerburg. The Emperor was at Qoerlitz. A.
flag of truce sent by the enemy brbugnt . letter?
whichit is believed treated ot a proposition for an
The enemy retired by Branslau and Laba.u into
Silesia. All Saxony is delivered from its enemicb,
and on the morning of the 24th, the French ai
my will be in Silesia. :
The enemy has burnt much of his baggage ; .
blown up many parks of artillery, and scattered ,
in the village a great number of. wounded.
Those which they were able to carry r ff injheir
waggons had not their wounds dressed' The in- -habitants
estimated the . number at more , than
1 8,000. More than 10,000 wounded remain in our
. The town of 'Gucrlitz, which contains from
to 10,000 inhabitants., received the French as their
1 hexity of Dresden and the Saxon ministry
haveMed the greatest activity, in providing fu;4 .
the army, which has never enjoyed gieater
Although a great quantity of munitions has been
consumed, the workshops of Torgau and pres.
den, and the : convoys which arrive by' the cart
of general Sobier, keep our artillery 'well fuf.
There is news from Gloau, Custrin and Stet
tm77 All tlese places were in a good atate. . ,
- This account of the ..battle of Wurtchen can
His first posts were encountered 'only be considered as ajsketch. The eiat nxajoi
bevond Weisseburr. he did not make any . re eeneral will correct Ihe reports, wuicii shall mal
sistarice until tve had reached the heights behind known the officers, soldiers and torps who have
Rerchenbach. The enemy had not yet seen our ! distinguished themselves.
cava'ry. v !lntre battle or the 22d, at Riechenbacb, we
General Lebrune , rJesnouettes, at the head oF. htfs.' ascertained the certainty that our young
1500 horse, Polish lancers ; and the- red lancers cavry is, with equal tumbets, superior tn that
of the guards, charged in the plain of Reichen-jofie enemy. We, have not been able to take
back the enemy's cavalry, and overthrew it. The i arty colours ; the enemy always withdraw them
nenny, believing that they were alone, .caused, a trom tne neiaoioamei , wc uave uniy wnjn iv
division of cavalrv to adance, anditnanV.divisioni
engaged supcessiyely. "Getieral Latour Mau--bourg,
whh'his U,6oO horse, and fhe French and
Saxon caulrassiersycanie it -ihejjr succor, 'and
many charges' of cavalry took place.-r-The ene
my, quite astonished to find. beforethc.i4;,9r
16,000, when they believed we. we)e entirely-des-thute
of if." retired In disoVdeK, t tht red ; lancers
of the guard Were - composed chieffy of volunteers
canpon-7-the , enemy bewJ up their parks and ,:
caissons. Besides, the, Emperor keeps his caval4- -
ry if) reserve and wishes to spare it until it is suf- -.
fictently numerous. . j
'. Paris, June 10.
-Her Majesty the Empress Queen and Regent
his, received the following account of tlie si tuatioiv.
of the army '"on the 8d June. v
TI... .... -.firm, .till fi1.!cta T r. -
if .- . . .1 i-.
leSH. '- The right of his position, which was oppos
ed to the 4th corps, became his centre, and he was
obliged to throw" bis right, which formed a great
part -of his army, in order tb oppose the, Prince
of Moskwa, into a place which he had not studi
ed, and whicli he believed out of his position. f
The Q 1st. at 5 in the moniing, the Emperor
proceded to the heights, three quarters of a league ,
in front of Bautzen.i I
The Duke.of Reggio sustained" a brisk firing
of musketry upon the heighis which defended
tire enemy's left- The Russians, who felt the
importance of this position,' had placed there a
s(rong division ol the army,: in Oider that -tliir
left might not be turned. "The Emperor order
ed the Dukes of Reggio and Tarentum to sustain
this action with the vjew of preventing the ) ene-
rviu'o 'Uf fvnrn nnrnvprinir ltseltt ' and , to masK
from Paris arid its environs. General Lebrune speewve pieoipoiem
DesnoueUe,;and'geaerarCblbert, iheii;'fccof6nslJ'tlon,,fcr the. Armistice. ' a
bestow on them the 'greatest praise. In this af I General Lauriston has seized on the Oder mon?
fair of cavalry, general Bruyere, an officer of the jthaft. 00 vessels loaded with flour, wine, and, war
firrM rUitrv r.f the hitliest distinction, had his 'like ammunitions, which were intended for,, the
' '1 it ....
army ocsiegiug vnugiirc. . . ;
Our advanced posji reached halfway to Brtig.
General Hogendorp has been appointed Goversx.
1 - 4 u.. i. .11
leg carneu away uy a uu. . ? 1
Genejal. Regnier repaired with the Saxon corps
to the heights beyond Reichenbach., and pursued j
the enemv-QuUe to the village of Hottendorf
Sjght foiind us a league from Guerlitz. Although
the day had been very long, since' we found our
selves 8 Itacues from the field .Cf battle, and the
. . . i r:.. . u
troops haarexpenencea . so mucu iuuuc, u.m
Frerth army might have slept at Guerlitz ; but
the enemy had a body of their rear guard upon
a height in front cf this town, and , an half hour
of day light would have been necessary to have
turned it by the it ft. The emperor therefore or
dered that we should take up ourquarters
In the battles of the 20th and 21st," the Wur.
temburg general Eranquembht and. General Lo
rencez Were woundtfd. Our loss on those days
may be estimated at U or 12000 killed or wound
ed. The evening of thei22nd, at 7 o'clock, thi
i- : 1.! .1.. t rt which 1 ftp !( t oranu lviarsiiai. uun. nw ..wu.,
would not make itself be felt before 12 or I o'clock-; upon, a small eminence, conversing with the Duke
M il. ihk:rnke of Reireio marched 1000 1 of Treviso and general rwirgener, au u.r u,h
toises in front of his nosition, and commenced a
frightful- cannonading before the redoubts'and . en
trenchmentsof the enemy. ' - . -
The guards, and thereseofe otthj5 army, in
fantry and cavulry, nhus masked, had openings
from which they might easily advance forward
to the lighter left,' according to the vicissitudes
- V . 11 T A
n font. And 'sufficiently distant from the fire, one
of the last cannon balls of the enemy passed near
the Duke of Treviso, struck the grand marshal,
and killed outright general 7 Kirgener. The
Duke of FriouP perceived that he, was mortally
wounded. He expired 12 hours aftetjwards- ' The
moment the posts were placed and tfie army had
taken up ts quarters, the. Emperor went to see
the Luke of Frioul. He found him in perfect
nossession of his mipd, and exhibiting the great
The greatest order prevails in that city. ..The
inhabitants appear much qispleased, and eveti
indignant atthe dispositions telative to the Land
sturm ; which are attributed to Gen. Schamhbrst,
who .islhought to be an anarchist jacobin. He
was woundedin th e. battle of Lu' zen.
' The Prusfian Princesses, who had retired in
great haste from BeflirlT to take refuge at Bres
lau. have departed from the latter city, to .take
The Duke of Bassano repaired to Dresden,
where he will rective Count dejv&ss, the minister
from Denmark; , Y .
Her Majesty (the Empress, Queen" and Regent,
has received the follov?ing account of the situation
of the aimy on the 4-th, in the evening.
The Armistice was signed on the ,4th, at iwo
o'clock, P. M. The arucles are hciewuh annex
ed. ' :, ' - ; . - ' . ci'lX-.
" His Majesty the Emperor seta off on the 5tU
at dav break lor L.eicnnz. 11 is ucmcycu uisi u-
... . it.
ring, tho Armistice his Majesty wm. remain pari
ofthetime at Glognu, and the greatest part ac
Dresden, in order to be nearer his states? Gs)
2au is provisioned ibr one year. ; i
6 v ARMISTICE. V
V This 4th of June (23d May) the plenipotentia-
--mnAinrpit hw the belligerent ; oowers i Intt
i lb. V " " .
of the day. The enemy was tnus neia in a , siaic
of uncertainty as to the true point of attack. - ,
. hiiuh hih pau,u.v... ' "-"-l. A . tu n..W ntipd the hand OtUUke 01 , V icencej" f ranu jqucuy
.u ... .1. trr,. n, the Srirrerandtest-comDosure. The Uulie pi tssgq.jne nii ottuuw . j ' A-t .iif . t...
iiirtiT 111c tuvniT , 1 . ?. u;.. i;. a 11 mn crpneiai CI UlVlslOn, ciciiaiur, kiuiiu fcHuic ,
droveall before him thej village of Preilitz. thcJmpcroTa.ndcarr HWf-G
At iO o'clock he canietoel'vlllage; but r the re- l.fc, sa.d he, hasjcen .de;nl. JJS Sf of Russia, Vaint, Leopold -ofAtlsUb ,
serve of the enemy having aav,n,ed to cover hisjaAd I only-regret,, it on account .of the-uttr &t.,Anari:w ;-2p, ', -t . -
nead quarters, the Pririceof y-iskwV wai diiven lch it .m: aighf hWb fc toop,rP. ,.-v ; , ArW . , .