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0 / 75
" ' FBIBAY, DECEMBER 2 1, 1 8 i 3.
Tol 18. 4
- 11111 i:a.u;n.i;,fWmm.Tain iihnnvrHhi(drt.Ho garrenacr. l nui were two ijne riunmiw, eier.wnn macn cneerinlness. into tWIi
: charge of their duiyi-a' report of ftose naptH each pierced for twenty guns, worth near hariutes j $cir.the expeditian' should mate, mime.'" f
of brigades to make to me, in order that I may d manned with 0 mej wellsnppjiedjttt oarranl of activity, or Vigilance r aud-uf
Ifrnnaniit it tn vn:i. -It is will prpat gatisiacLiCHMViiH ttiniauiiuion ttiiu ".1"u"ji c 9a.u-.nru, as ior tne last i,r .
raXNTKO, WESKLT, DT AtBX. tVCAS.
af-subu ratio : Three doll! per yi, on najr w
pi:d ia advance. No paper to be cWinued longer tbn three
moi tlii a tr a year' subscription becomei due, and riofic
therepi "ihalNiave been gWen. '; v
i,h ri,iftds. uot exceedine 14 line, are inierted tbtice fit
pnetUWr, and fx twnry-five centi each s-.ibiequent- inier-
lion j and in I ke proportion were there if a jreaer numb
of ('"' t'mtteei. ' ..'
GENERAL BOY D'8 LETTER,
Qowiofn letter from Brigadier General John
jp. Fi jjx who commanded in the batih of
TF'uiimibw'gh, to 3fjjoy-Qenzr(i( James
Wilkinson, commander ia chief.
CAMP NEAR CORNWALL, HQV. 12, '1813.
Bill -I hat 0 ihe honor to 'report to yon that
i with ereatAatiafaclitar
that I acknbwledfifmy-; Warmest approbatwa
of the gallantry and. ear which wai constaw
lv displayed thVoushout thiseTCotful dayi;h
KrtglijHi. Svtwrt AriHtT anil tint. tJoleg, WHO
test .fidny-while the rettrdviioo of the army,
totuis'i'iJ: of detachment from the 1st, 3d aud
:h brijaJes, AJd piaeed undsr.my comnand to
pMJ v.rthetl'KrlU rroij tht? eaaaiy jtat ti?
oc orir rear, was under ami: in ordyr to. tnove
a.r itljly to your orders, down" tlie bauk' of ihe
Si Liwreoee, tt report was brought to jik froin
tlu rearguard, that a body of about 200 British
aid indian had adraneed into the wood? that
-skirted our. rear. Ocu. Swartwout, with the
4th brigade, was immediately ordered to di
lodtye th 'in t Gen. Covington, with the 3d brii;-
a-i'i, u. 1115 at mi suRif time uirecieu 10 oe wiiit
fiotnmandd the dutaehmient of the first brigade.
After the fall of Gen. Covington, Col, Y'rc.
on whom the command of the- third brigade de
volved, conducted wiHidiis (aracteristie eoot
ness and valor. In snpakio of the other nume
rous field officers who participated in this bat
tle5, Cols Gaiuea'aTul Rjpley, Lieut. Col. Api
well, and Majors Moriran, Grafton, and Gard
ner. tneir enuat ciatm 10 snitrasse liirmus-rw
in"idiopi task of discrimination. I find a pleai
sure, hlc(wme, in a IcowIeq?ns$ the eminent
service I derived from the experiance and aeth-
witiout the slightest resistance, to seven small
Vpen boats, with fifty roeo, armed only with
iuiiiikets, pistols, board injc iCxes and cutlasses J
. . . . ... ! 1
Oa assured, sir, that JSntQn have eitnereiira
r i : : -T- ' ' k 1 . . ' a t '"
mouths we have bcireTOstwtlatBeawftli'
ihk eji-.'puon ni iwfcmy-tnre lay, and t,
sir, we have enjoydxtraordru&ry lieahhd
finirita f rift iisniikfitt nf tin.1 i:i.-"' ; . .
ed to rcsoect t tie con rasa of Amen
ai e not se cour teous themselves as Wey would
wish us to believe. . , ,
I have the honor to be, with great respect,
jour obedient servant, - ( -f
nti. l a a . -J Jf. . is.. ' tfiA-- r.'1
. 4. ite nccrKiarjj uj tnc vy. -; . , -
Uni'.ed States frigate Elei. St Ssa,' .
, PC Oan, July 21, J 813-
SIROn the 23d March last
irn-jspints j 1 symptoti of the scofvW havuig'vet
Iwy j appenfHnHthris htpnorhave we, 'at (hi x- X -
shiiiiinar niv bourse to
and on the-2ttth of the sam mooth fell
meut, .more j than on Ihe sieV list 'ptii,2
their disea.es are mare onrinsrto nW iufirmit .-'J
otage than any other cans?. liideed,'sir, wiien i
1 1 compare my preent situation with what it v' '
was when I doubled' Cape Honi; liannot but
?teen jriyseiyrtiim- io anextraardiuary d-L
gree.;(i There ray ship was .hattered'hy tyra
pestaous weutheK kjid dcitituf e of e v crv th'it 9 : '
, I iwWrom worn put with faiier v j
the northward, , Now,.' mjhiP1i- ipWorderi ibuu
0th fell in With antlv annnliwl A.rwl A'... -
vi(y of A.li'itatii-Gen.'t 0linet WalUeffc ! '" " . ' ' JV V" " " " ; fn,1r thing necc.'.toy ftr
son; and assistant- Vdintant Gjiml3 Mihn r'-' 7rr;K"f;: wei.maanea.t toff or do oMf
in the honorable discharge "f hn duty. ail
dittmi tr these 'a-know!e?;;v'nf, a sens' of
justice as well as personal friendship, iodoees
me to express my r.lt ife approimtion of (he con
dii"t of Li"nt. Ff'pnry 'Whifins;; "y id-de-camt.
who was in. this instance, as he has been dii
rin the whole cannaicn, mr renlorts and hrkve
assistant: Lieut. Worth. aid-dn-camp to Mnjor
Gn'-al Lewis, led hva la'idahle ambition, left
Bi!', U'.lllCiVI till SilHlU IIUIC UireCWJU Itl DC Willi- , , , , I I, ikl 1 ucn UMivcravn ni"' yy.
in sporting distance. GeBv S.v irtwout dash-: and vol ered h,s acceptable ser- for Lin w ths
tdinto thfe woods, and-with the 2lst infantry 1 tft.f? on ,lu; . . . 1 sets," which had parted with the ?
,a part of his briradeV after a short skirmish,! V? nZ tn Vll n: ' 'todays before, and I was so io.
.u 1 1 " 1, ... a .1 riS!?M Ot tniS at!" 'tf . was I'M i unuia u ciiim
Kii'n thuill hui.tr tla nnclum rwt tliUlP m:tlll " -'. " '- ,
ui. w. i ji k.. n A n: 4eeis:ve a I com l
(a-noUBhug in number to meu) were then de-jweinily want, nd prize wLicfi would be woth
tained prisoners on board Jierj aud they eonid ;jn Eugiand two miliiWsJ of dollars ; and what-'
assign 119 other motive for the eaptnre, than that renders the ewnparisoir more pleasiner, the ene
(hey were, the. allies of Great Britain, and as has furnished ail.' Excuse me, sir, fo hot
such, should capture all American. vessels they makiug known my present inteutious, as thii
could fall in with 5 therefore to prevent in future lettcr mtty noy reuch you. , lt bowever, mir ;;'
such vexation proeeedirgs, I threwull her af- be satisfactory to you to know how I inteiid
mament into the sea, lib '.rated the Americans, jto dispose" of my prizes : ;lt it suffice .to say '
and dismissed the Nereyda. T - thatlhdrwdefti-iiFtwffflifnb;!
I then proceeded with all possible dispatcn B,itish hmri of mai.que are numerous ih
detained ves- tlf,9t. nj. wori, ;. w . . : k. .:'
Xereyda only wn41e f w j h miit , , .
OrtUliaie as IO kilt lhr nmv-tini il muiaidanr Ia t.in ' 1 .1
but they now find it necessary to keep together
peer to be LeypherJ
The' enemy had- judiciously chosen his ground ftf 'j-t
mo.n: thecbepjaviiles. wMeh every where in- rollted that V troop
tcrcted the extensive plain,' and dfscharged Hha; P" vat, on sand
. i 1 . it- v ' ... storms from which thfv
1 . 1 . ... ,, , . storms irom wisicri iri'"Y unru nn " no.-- u
a :eavy and t-allifisr fare upon our advancing co- ' 'n 'i . . .
!,..... v. "I .?;4.A-Uk.,.u ,,.0. shelter; that h- enemv wos s-ipe-i r to us
" fi.I tVIJ If i UOH' IV) - ' J
choked the? 1 r ardor.
tnai'U 1 Jl 1 n U mila n-Pnr
lr ..1.111 M. illUC UV.1UIC HUH V,UIV ' ' At . tt j" 1
mnt of the 1st brigade, under Col. Coles,
.! A j ti '.1
have wished, and the firrt-.T" n nV.U4-.. -fP ri. ih.nort. u... .V . i? V1 '
W:,Ph."I ",'l'.' S?L. i li ofderih.
;;i.n.iK"'"l ' ' "?-" -U-SUlMi iindll, eKvoa will
, ,5eir ZfJf and re-.' 5'"1
piMte.l carg-.;s. Jiunnsr this time, the detach- . " . " , :., . ,1A. . ai
wiiuir Krraier utsuinee iroinine scencTii action, - . . v - 3 i li'Hl,' .
rotated its arrival, rapidly entered the field. "!nved of our nrfjlferr j ;JorjmB.r
B;!,g directed to at aek thenemy's left flank, . U. '? a. ! , Atlantic,,
this movement w nrmrtJv and bravelv cxe- " honi-. during nl, eh 'here were hutjG.ctiyiw;!b
. , , r j r - . j a w snort cessations ot-musivetrv aifi cannn : q.
!itel,anid a shower of musouetry and shrap- ... ih.,i lnele
nPJ .hells. The fiffht now became more Mx-" au..,:,vr l cr, and W
From Lima I proceeded f)r the Gallapaos
Island, where 1 captured the following 11 ri
tish ships, viz.
Letters of Marque.
270 tons ai men
3T . 2'6
ill i. . 1 a 1
v , . i.r .., i .J..:: IJlk '.&:M..n som rfostation to the Wnean arms. And
. , v-..: ; if. on this occasion, von sliallMieve me to have
i i cur e ij u more ueiMicvuic uusiimu, t.u ,tj.h , . ... , , , - i
... . m. . r . v7 i. i don? mv dutv. and -nceompijsheo an- one ori
itr a re-supsy. i nis movemenisouisconnci-' . T ... . f. . ...
. t,. i! ' . . . r"i .t ,v!vonr purposes, I shall be 4 if!'id ANowan'?
i lie iiir ii4 i ppniipp ii. r k itfiur ii i, aiti luc . . .......
first brigade likewise to .-etire. It shod be re-j f .
a I H H ( .
iin mv rotrret, wnie.o is Fi'ii in co'non
narked, that the artillery, exceatJOff two.5 ' ' ' . Uu.i,
mes ler Ccpt. Irviae, attached 14 wr r; - " v , ' L. ,v.
division, (which, from the nature of the ground, - - ' .i wt, V i,,
and fha ru;to n, rr.nf. hev hud to takl. were', H ,0 t,rn,s,, a report of the k.lled, wounded .
with ?rat eon-
sidi'ration.' and respect, yotsr most obedient
lui mhle -servant, ....
(Si-ne !) JVO P. BOYD.
Brigadier Gen. Commanding.
. .irjund the casualties
i. i. i ...:i .u. ,: . it, T 'save the honor to be. -it
ui leu.'! mr siuuiili Uillll IMC iiuc, Am hi.
w,nt of am,Tiiinitjon MUfSlready begtn to fall
baek. When they were arranged, (in doing
whish I was assisted by the skill of Col. Swift
of the engineer) their fire wis "sure and de
sirueii ve-AZIieftihe -artUlerywasfiflally-di-reeted
to retire, having to fcrsss a deep, and.
ravine, one piece was.. unfortunately lost. The
fall of its gallant connrtauder; Lieut. Smith,
and most of hi men, may 'apcodnt- for this ac
' cidcnt.!n the death of this young man, the
arair has tost one of itrinVsrproisinr-oSficersii-The
squadron' of 'the .second reirimenf ofxdra-
obns under. Ma'j. Woodford was early on t he
TF1E ESSEX FUIGATFi.. .
Copeofle'tr ff'om C;v. Trin Voftrnn,
commnvd'n? the United Sfnlt$ Fif'otf TJs
sex, to the. -Secretary of t'lfiY) dated,
Uni ''! " .to ''sR' v
Pu liffV'r, Ih'v", 1R'3
STR -T ha,re the honor to inform Von that on
the 2Mb of pril. r" the lalitud" t. V. lnsr.
91 Of YV . about twenty mites to the nortliwa"!
be:nar!e, one .0 the (ilrtl-
field and much 'exposed .to the enemy's f.re, but 0c f i!e jand f
ine nature ot the ground, and the pfition oi lus ap;,os, ;n 'Pvrific Ocean, I captured thp
Hue, did not admit of J hose,, successful charges, RrnUh nh-n I.inferuma : two other beinrr in
which their discipline and iirdor under more , clise tosrether, distant from ns about
nTr"rauie circumstances, are- caicuiuieu iv
3iC3. The reserve under Col. Upham and
Major Malcolm, did not arrive from' the bo its
seven niil?s, which we were informe-'rwere tho
British letters of marque ships Policy and
frcorr'innn Mip Rrst mounting ten cirtis. 6 and
n lime to participate in buta small part of :9.n0u"ndcrs : the oth?r six ts-pounders. fnnr
. Z ial lliev 'lis- vrivf!si. ond e! !n;!) liliin J.rhiism'S. raoiintfl
Oil n i I i v ! f" i '!. ii v( -
and confiding greatly in. the bravery and en
trprize of '.nv ofricrrs and men. and apprthen-hn-i?ve
of tbe' esi'apf, ni thf. prvalenc of
fojs io that climate. I directed the boa's of 'his
ship to be armed 'and manm?d, and divided .into
two divisions, placing the first under, the rnm-
mand of Lt. I'cwnes, 1st Lt. in a whale ..boat.
the actioa : but the activity and
-r- pla ved vvjife engaged, eviiitfcd the benefit t
ifcii'ht haSre been derived from their earlier
The whole lyje was now re -formed
Wlyrs of those w oods from which the
nx'i hecn, first driven, when night coming o,
and the storm returning, and : conceiving that
the oVeet vou had ia view, which rav .to" bjat
hickthe enemvihat would retard our juration '"aepomnanied hv midshipman Farraautt
-with the main body below, tohavfe beea aC(!oui-i0iTieers in coimand of bortts-indcr Lt. Downes,
lihld,-the troops wore directed tce retnrn..tri;were,I in the 3d cutter.
;,thc grvyn near the flrttillar-wiiioii-moveinenUi aeeompamed by Midshipman W. II. Odenhei.
was executed jn good order, and without any mer, Sailing Master John P. Cowoll, in the
molestation, from the enemy.; ;VJ; r: j jolly .boat, accompanied by Midshipman II. W.
I cannot close my Representation-of this yh.at-.; Oajden, and Midshipman George Isaacs, in the
tie, 'wifhoiit jndulgiug, irt a few remarks upon 1 g( cutter. The second division nndr the com
ll.rf .ftC a'. ....... .. Lotio finrliit ;!! . ...l.PTl ll'M... nJ T i :..il...
eeived a mortal wound while leading hh men Gamble, of the marines, tin the gig. Suitable
orgiana being reputed a very fast sail-
irently welt calculated tor a crui-
zcr, I mounted 13 guns on her, and gave the
com .nana of her to that excellent oificcr, Lieut.
John Downs wivJi a cr uiplement of -1.2 men ; ap
pointing midshipniau'W. II. Haddaway acting
lieiiteuantwuiioard lier,and sent her on a cruize.
Lieut. Do'vces joiaed me at Tumbez near
jiiil on the coait ot 1'eru, on the 2itft June,
capturing uiree prizes, io wu i
Letter. f Jlarqw snips.
27b tins 23 men 11 guns.
270 .29 8
223 21 8
"t tirst had 2 men killed and badly wouud-
ei inf -her- rancontfe with the Cfeore:iaiia---aud
he Hose was ditidtarzed (alter beintr e
since I left th
teli&ve the anxic- .
ty oi my lainuy, anu ail our friends, by com v;
munieatiiig as much oi this letter as you may t
think jumper. ' . ; ..
-The limes of my best men have expired ; but
their attachment to the ship and their zeal for"
the service we are engaged on, prevent all com
plauits on that account, ,' It is uot probable that ,
you willjiear of me for several months to conw,
I J i i -. . . . i i. .
uuuss sums uisasier Happens ; , out ' peg leave
to assure you, sir, that I shall' not be idle : a.id j
I hope before my return to make, the service
ofthe Essex as important as those of any other ij
single --ship.. We iay dot. be individually bef-'.".
neiitted, but we shall do the enemy muchSniu-
ry, which, will be a sufUcieut corapensatiou to
us for all the hardships innd privations wemusVJ
atorally experiente, while cut off fro all f
coramunicttiion wiiir tMe resim ine-woria,-ranaJ ;
are dependent on the precarious suppliei tb ..
enemy. may afford. -."':.' . " fk
I have tho .honor to be, ,
, With great respect, '" " T'"r'"
1 our ob't. serv't, -
Honorable William Jonii, x'""
Secretary til tbe Navy, Watbiajroa. ;i
' " "' ' ' ' -' v ": '' ' '"'
List of Deaths, since my'departurt from the Hf
nUid States. . .:'.-'' y . ':' V:V-
d her armament ) 'with nearly all the prisoners
tapttrcd hv the GVgiana, as they amounted to U7me8' "eTO5W.
J v . ' .c. . . 1813. Jan. 24. SuntiiI lli-iirp. iMititn fontn.
a a.. spoi l io proc.eu to oi. iieieua.
Alk own prisoners 1 liberated on parole at
Timbe&. I i'ound by experience that the Georgi
aaaiiid noj deserve the character given her for
sailing, I therefore shipped her officers and crew
tii the Atltuitic, and mo inte.d on her 30 guns,
witfr a i-osnplement of fiO men, and appointed
midshipman Richard Dushiel, acting sailing
master, on board 1 er 5 to this vessel I gave the
name of the Essex Junior. I also fitted up the
ship Greenwich as a store ship, and mounted otrj
her ZO gu'rts, .placing her under the commanu
of Lieut. Gamble of (be marines. On hoard her
I .have put all the provisions and 9tores of my
-other prizes, except a supply of three aud a
half months for each, and have"byfliis"means
secured -myself a full supply of every, necessary
article for seven months. 1 had hoped to dis-
poR.of ny other prizes at Guiaquil j the gov8
1813. Jan. 21. Samuel Groce, seaman," Contu--sion
of the Brafii by a fall fronx the main yard.
1813.' March 1. Lewis Price, marine, Con
' sumption,-""- 1 ' ,' "' ,
IS 18. April 4. James Shafford, gunner's mate,
Aeeidehtal gun Bhot wound of Ihe Lungs,
1813. ; May 33. Doctor Robert Miller, surgeon
disease of the Liver. 'I $
1812. May 26. Benjamin vGeers, qr. gr. In
fiammatioti of the Htomach. v y , ,
1813. June 29. John Rodgers, qr. gr. Fall
from the main yard. , '.
From the Albany Mtgistet, Jfw. 30. y
When the' result of a promising campaigtr
visits he..feelifigs of every "American bosom
vith disapnoiittiuent, and fixes the stiarmu .of
in P;tu, how ever, ale excessively alarmed at, disgrace upon the Charactell of our army, it i
my appearance on the coast, as my fleet amounts
now to nine sail of vessels, all formidable in
their, appearance, and they .-would if they dare,
treat us w ith a hostility little short of declared
I have given tq Mr. Jwhri.G, .Cowell, sailing
master, au appointment to act a 3d Lt. Mids.
John 0. iJowan to act 4th Uteat. ana Alios.
not only the ri&rht bat the duty of every one t
examine into the causes from whence such evil
flow. : r The most prominent, and it ought to be
the. most correct souice of intelligence, is th
communication of the commander ja chief y
but on tlfts occasion I am compelled to sayr
from the best examination I have been able to
bestow, the lettei of Geo. Wilkiasow to the Se-
Odenhemier, as sailiug master, - T beg, sir, thati cretarvpfV? ar,.heariii8;'date the 16th inst.'cpn
the appointment of those otftcers, as well as of jtainridicuJous absaYdities that would disgrace)
ijieui. r. u. iuc iviugui, wiio is nciiHg otcouu me pen ,ui iiiMnuuci .uu lutmumuuB
On to successful chiusie. Hi' troops still feel
lig the eff"ct of his gallant example, contiinued
to- advance long after their brave commander
had-falien. 1 His fate wiirrperpctiJateJheme-
w'orv of the p!ain which Kas been crimsoned by
his hlo d Col. Pruston was severely wounded
While fighting ai the head of his reniment, 'Phe
imivDrsil ;rnoithy which is excitefl by the
. attests the hj-ii ei nation which is entertainwl
of his tAloouVs a Wfdier, and his virtues as a
Jn;; K M"j-r 0'immi.igsl'; v;th whoie-iniiilary
' n-r-W and e-; .rti.ins J have long bea acquaint
fid. -mt with a similar fitt-whils" leading to a
'eSarf, an 1 u;idi couraed by the wound, con
rinni'lto adr.vif., "".until, loss of blood t obliged
Kia to rjtir .Manyplarosn sflesra raseived
f inals were established, Jtod -each; boat . had
her particular station pointed obj for the attack,-
and every other previous arrangement
was matte loreveutonlusio4X1JJlJttfijbojJ.ts,.
in number,, rowed offin admirable order.' Guns
were fired from' the enemv to" terrify them : they
rowed np under the" muzzles of the gun and
took their stations for attacking the first ship,
and no sooner was the American flag display
ed, by Lt. Dowries; us the sigtial for boarding,
and the intention wa discftVe're"d by the enemy,
than the color's, wvre tnn:k, 'without, a shot be
ing fired ; so much were they daunted by the
intrepidity of our bra-ve ofjieers and men.Thcy
then left a crew on boar,d . the prize &od, toK
thir stations. fir'"ati'aekiiiG; the other 'vessel.
Lieutenant, and those serving on board the
Essex Juuior, may be confirmed by ihe depart.
1 have given to Mr. M. y , Uostwiek,
, j - f - -
means to iulrodueejuni to: the notice of the De
partment ; as I shall take the liberty to jecorf
mehd him strougly'as a suitable person to hold
the appointment of Purser. Drs. Riehard R.
Honman aud Alexander M. Montgomery, two
t-entleuien ofereat inentvvvho
their services ivith me at the commencement of
hostilities, have received acting appointments
from me,;the first as Surgeon, to fill the vacan
cy occasioned by ihedeath: ofDr. Miller; the
other as Surgeon's Mate. To the great cafe
and attention of those ''gentlemen, may? in a
f onsiderable degree, be attributed the extraor
dinary health of the ,erev ; and a they are both
desirous of joinipg the Navy, 1 hope their ap
pointments may bVeoiifirnied. ' ' .
. I have also appointed' my ..Marine officcraTid
when her flag was also stratk, on the first eaU, Chaplain to the command of prizos they all
memory, we are lom loai a,s great nasie m
his late expedition to.vardsv' Montreal was (to
use.his own language " the prosecution of the
vie ws of government," or in qther words, the
expedition against Montreal was planned and
formed by the Secretary of War, " whose ill
health, bad roads and worse . weathery deter
mined him to tread hack his steps to Washing--ton."
The : puhliciare left at it loss to deter
mine : whether Gen. Wilkinson approved or dis
approved of this great and haiteraous undertah
ing ? - In his great haste to pursue the views of
government he cSuld not stop to fight the enemy,
that were " teazing" him iu his rear -Now
give common sense a hort reign while thio
part of the General's letter is" examined. I
feci that I have a right to assent that General
Wilkinson had no security from the enemy
that they would not follow him all the way to
Moiitreal--ira8 it most fit and proper to lartr.
H-ml fip-ht llifm ulien there was no enemT in
front, and take them- and their Gun-hoats,"&. 1
or wait' until he was attacked ns wtdl in frbnl:
a ia rtr, aae theroby Biake hi't e4 juk'.tf ,f'
wk(Wahi' ,1 i