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n aft Ji- , il w
75iNTitrrwitKKi.ti mr .cu6as &habtet
VlVrw ifSubtcrtptwn, Three dollar per year,
one tfmtfto be paid hi dvnce No paper tq be
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lthirSKmentt,tk9t exceeding 14 lines, are m
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those from persons Unknown to the editor.
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j and no discoil'imisnce without payment of ar
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IvCongi'essioiiui . Prucceclius..
'-"-.The Memorial of JlnJrew Jackson, Va
', jor 'Otnerftl in the Jinny of the United
States end commander of the ijoutfiern
TO THIS HONOBAiVtB SENATE OP -THE
ties witboatineherd ia deBee- pvbK M, before any thing eould belo the &miooles proccedwi.
Upon tb weuiiueti .as. aBsoeiatesf, ut me war, iw.
aceu.en. Thir U 090 of the choje moitbt hat nlno.t Iped .inee the beg Icv to rpmark, thatthe iilfti
fruiM of tor-republican ioftHatioM, jind pblieatio of therepprt, JJ J0eiir goternp.cnV, 1? previousl) SSSred nVdTl
i. n..nt;.l rMWI.f libcrtT Uob Iim been neeesaanlt poitpwed, and sttll tho terms, of caDitiilation. and "??f1!,',ll?
i-. - : - - , a - miia 1 n nniHAP Han najavi un annnv vainKia -jf'
- w - a1 - L... I 1. .. .1 .1 . n n a 1 iinmari lal a niu ha nv I . . I'
and for no pitpoae whatever lubjoeted toj.a.tamed, 1 be effoet Ucee loexMU of begattpr, ,bot M;tlte conquen.c bf fl,rlaP L pernor Makot. Ha S:
..-.! 1 t. .i.n.Fininni nr nriiniiiAf . ana tuereuv Drevem inai im-i.i . : j 1 ! ? - -.
yioiauoii y in; ii(cu ui ucr. r.:, r '7 , . ,. .r . . ;. , ine coumrrt ,rf reiveq twu apuiniasi'm stances
the strength of tbo eae'mir aV
W U maintenance lV UDon those termsterms vhkli dtmand moK saffialaat for a foreible oMaoatieftv
1'hfiM liwlionc. oTtAM niin tmitMi atioroviBinB no tbe Kieambia. destined iot '
' . . sra
. saf.ty ; bal danger io departure. to eor ect rnaiMii. Cajunin, Jm rrenJcr 0 iJWr propieto, f thiposta. ; Moreoter, (h gorernor 0-
Tha eamm ttee. wh ist advertme to the been atded, KUpeop left free to act, and J r r v ..r V iV-
briffin of tie Seminole war, have bmittedlthe mean of exciting poblic odium mp
n Numerate the Spanish and Indiu .g- afforded.; Iti-stiog on the eternal prtnei-
rrggiin on our right, as a justtbeation
t'NITKO TATKa(: '
On the lSlb Dfcchtber, 19 18, your lion
arable -body revolted, " Tli&t lb ineisaqe
of . the Viaid.'nt, and duruments relative
Hto tli Scminolo war, be referred to a se
lf Jec't roaimittce, who shall have authority
to siud for persons ond pApers ; tbnl aaid
-oinmiiu-e inquire relative to the ad,wice
i theHiJed &(oteV troops Into West
of the measures which were adopted in
it prosecution; Tbey have rather em
ployed palliative fortba outragesvof ;the
tfuemy, and given art agirftva'eit apcet to
the measure which were adopted lor the
peace and seeurily of our .-frontier's. Add
to (his the nwnnr in which tbejiesiimuny
tVa collected the misconception of faels.
aiidiuisorreet argument eontained in the
report the time at which it was publish
ed, and the style in which It u as compos
ed, and tout respondent cannot forego the
belief that it evinces an hostility to the
Ejeeuiive, and to the military officers un
der his eommnnd.' -
IU a suhjeet of mi smaM surpfie tltat
1nirt7ritf oppoaiiioti iuld h ve dif-
ples of truth and juntiee, and claiming for
himself the. high prerogative aecured b)
tire constitution, this respondent osks to
nppeur in bis own vindication, and to sub
mit the ernunds of bis defence, and the
' motives'' by whieh he h ben actnuteil.
j'iie lirt eonitderation whibh prenenis
itself it the 'airthorifj yodfr whith your
cammitteaeted.' '1 brVe propositions on
ly are c Htined in (he resolution of juu
honorable -b.nly: ; upon the seeiMid o.'
whieh no report has been ntnde, norha
your committee stated '' what eireum
stances existed to atiihonz" or justify iji'
coinnidOifing giuicr.il 111 tukin
as ihe. 'instigators of th$ ivan
Hoithlettcllee. in April, tSli, fled to0" ttarnng treops at rsri Wrawroro,j
lensaco.i, where they were protected, J- -tMes sehnV, eallad the Arteha,
clothed, ti d, and supplied with raunitiorus beeo l a 1
if ttttrn aarsa tal-an tvhan sir as Ikhf a 111 A ft ffthMV
of war, by the Spanish, attthoritiea. Thej i:::--
never were parties to the treaty at Fon nr';r-
Jackson Ami however they mif;ht have dfli btd bee e.D,ored b- o6aW IPBi tnat
been dissatisfied with its conditions, asini, Barno-ns. and plaeed under tl goaa
demanded by the government, their dis 0f the fort, bu fortunately made her e.
satisfaction anil hostility were exrited b cap .- under cdrer of the darkness of th
Spanisli awnls and Bri'isli 'niissit'ies,riiht. . ; . ; "2 " ''- '
lesiileiit am.ng Ihern ; one of horn was in ls state of. thing, bad yoor tg-
t!ie fanuius. Voodbinv wbo' was then etji;
gngcu in enlistinlr thetnjnbifi.eeri'ice, b
the ii,"tiitMitiit)i t prtHi nts, and in rlis
of the Spanish posis." instead f con-npiiniiiR mem Kir war
fining tlieuiteve within the pate of-'heir
powers, they have travelled ' oyer the
fused itself after the luminous arra g; wble groiiod ocenpied by the House of
loiitla. whether (he oflicers ia command j meal if faets. with the conclusive r'eas-n. IlepresentatiTe in 'arcb ot fitio.suh-
Lutr and inferences arising from the laws
of nations and the United States, by Mr.
Secretary Adams : asAvell as the ample
and satisfactory discussion in the House
ot Uepreseutatives,, tue greai inquest 01
the nation. Moreover, Congress had
made provision for a vigorous prosecu
tion of the Seminole w ar, in the spring of
1818, in conformity to the suggestion'of
li:a rregiiieut, ia uia mesauge in mc iuui"
of Mufch, when he detailed to thein eve
ry jpformaiion iu relation to that subjeet.
t'f,e citufAins of Georgia and A'abama bad
nUde repeated call on the general gov
ernment fr" oroteclion : and, with a full
knowledge of all the circumstances toucn
at Peusacola and St. Marks were, aoieu
. able' to,' and mrderthe control of Spain
. and, particularly, what circunntance
: ; eiittetlto authorize or justify the. com-
' sanding general in taking possession of
, l3io.se)osts." " " . . :'
. In conformity with this resolution a se
V.f.ect eomtnittee of five persons, of your
pionarahle body, was appointed, who, on
felie 2Uh Feb."l8lt, oWe report.'
(1,4 .The committee had ample time for a
Correct examination of the subject sub
mitted, to their consideration, and the
' means by whieh to have beetf fully satis
lied of the innocence of your rep mdent;
yef lu tbetr report has he been uecused of
cTimes agaiast tne laws ami const ituuon
jf f hw enutjtry,; Upou a review of that I
document jfour respondeat is free to de
' lare. that both tha narrative of faets and,
the arguments deduced from them,- are
;UPsauad nod efrunet ui. 'Iho incorrect
impressions vritb which the committee
f fteem to have labored, have, in the cpiu
' ion of your memorialist, given to this sub
ject a distorted apee and thrown arpuud
it a deeepUveolorjp. . .
With strikinif a deadly blow at the li-
" .berrV. flfb.il country, ' and with acts of
' wanton nsarnation, which, for their enor
mify, wouK! vie with the most 'absolute
4'gpoU with the directory of France,
' during their short career of madness and
ioUy-t-has your respondent been charged.
These asausutioas bav far their object
, the renderini your respondent obnoxious
-4o bi8-fellow-5itijtc..ni, Still, be will not
-' so forget the duty be owes himself, and
the respect.tj.ua he Senate aqd the Ataer-
A$c an people, as to iaUice recrtmiaation.
1 v . - v USWSS0 w
It is not the mean hy yhich truth im he tj9n of jhe laws and constitution, by those
i.-arrived at. or tbp eof justice and j per(lon, who origiually gave them
Wjpirtialiiy promoted. K But, to Vindicate tjr autfuKe, is cenainly caicti a ted to
l juiuseii irom reproacn-,io wum on uumc excite the aaioniueBt f evert iro
mieu impuiaiioui, iuu iv aiunu iii ui observer.
gition to a report or a commiuee oi yom Under bucIi circumstances, it was to
body, which easts the tevemt etnsitre, ' have been antici
a nsrht secured to lnni, heeause it is in
. i . . -
jects of enquiry, ii't bo lore touched ou or
embraced within their powers.
So far as the committ'e have embraced,
within their. i;'vxstigatitn, the orien t!
causes of the war ; the withdrawal of
the regular troops from the frontier of
Ueorgia ; the' -employment of voluu
teers and friendly ludiaus ; the exeoutioii
ofArbuthnot and Ambtister : tht order
to take possession of St. Augustiue, and
the reasons and motives ot your respond
ent in the conduct and managemen t of the
tyar, it is believed to be an act of sup. 're
pondent buen compelled to suspend opefa- -tiVnsf"aoit
to Wuit-for additional brdlfa.
froni the JYr Department, the object of
aotir ip .trne the enemy would have beets
entirely d J'eaW. He would haye been
cnipelld to retrogrtde to the. interior,
tor the wt t of supplies, teaviBg many
mifilit Jiave hern asreifaiiid hy a refer-.
enc to the correspondence between yo'tr'
I'PQfiiiriit'tit arii!' ilk, rfivri tiii if Pi.ncQpn
I,! w l,ir h were on file iu the WarT)c- f Vlf iht. Sootier ejpo.tp tbprutb;-
1 - . 1 1 1 k . h.iliu.itid. n I Avn .nAnaiail annQnaa ...
i ne BiiiiM inrce wouiu nave oeeome in-
aetive and discontenteu their time would
Upon the subject of. occiip'yinjc th
Spanish posts, your respondent ' thiuks have expired before aby thing effectual,
proper to observe-, that he deeui d it es eotild have been done J ond the cmpaurl
sentiallr riecesH.it y to the'exenition of his thus rendered Completely abortive, ff
orders. It would have been iinK)s-ihle Saint a as neeessary to the defenea
to have obtained a speedy and effectual,
termination of the ivur so long as tho
commandants ol tho..se fortresses furnish
ed the enemy with .-supplies and muni
tions of war, 'and aided, alie ted, and en
rogfttioo. and a departure from sound' against our frontier settlements.
of the frontier of Georgia, Pensacola, wal
much more so for the peace and eeelirity
Of vlalmma. In coosenoefjco, too, of its .
being located on the seaboard, it afforded
much greater faculties to onr enemies, for
it earn int. nli.(l llm navianhnn nf thai
coura.d them in their savage ho8lffltitctiM,, up which had, neeessarily, to
practice. This obj ctio is not made by They had both become the 'Cmlezvoused on its tributary streams. .The occn-
your respiimleat pon ;ha ground that bif for eiiiboilyiog hostile Negroes and In
ing the eauses and progress of that ar. considers his conduct valaerable, or from di;tn9, and for 'feiviri" then comfort and "P"' antil the reeeptiou of Governor
Ponwroaa Aiithnrixed lbo calling out an i I, n . i...t .- i.... :'. i... .. . ' .- . ' .r .. ' ' . . rt ii.'o tn.. . ia....t.:. ,inta:T;n
Consress authorized the calling out an
additional brigade of militia, and made
liberal appropriations for the p;ymem 01
the Georgia troof.s then in service The
Fresidenti'too, who is eommiinder in ehief
of the army and navy ofth.e United States,
and who shoafd be the propcrjuage to ue-
termine whether his orders be tatthluiiy
executed, bad made the acts of hw fiticer ,
bis own, uot only by the express author
ity whieh be had couferred, but by subse
quent adopliopalso. '
Vitn a large majority 01 me pcop.o 01
a wisn to eiuae enquiry x but is barely lirm'erfiiin. Arrnilli t th'na.-Ln ul
mentioned as presumption of the strong Hiffmenls of Jior own "commandintr offi
cers, the authority of Sp iin over Florida
had ceased, and was to be considered a
disposition of your committee to affix cen
sure upon his morives and actions.
Bibb's letter, at the Escambia, detailing
many outrages and ee.nmunie?ting the in-"
'elligence th it Holme and his warriors
were then in Peosaeola; a4i atio, the re- . 1
coipt of Governor Mazot's protest,-com'
pUining of a violation of fc is neutrality,
a d ordering y ur "respaadent to retir4:
r . vv , B"i.:4. :I.l.:.i, "
ot War, liH.e csn be no quest .on but that did not exist; a sovereignty XhJtheeat to coereu him, if he' did not cpr
that they authorized and just. V d eve y was" nut asserted or .excised ;.. reason ply. j lieutenant Sands' had been de,
measure wiucnvaH aaopint oaring tne;noP Jaw could require him to respe-1!
Seminole war, and sou:u at once Imvc; rights that were suffered to be usurped
a. (jiiituu nun 01 an cciihucc anu resjioti
TTtinn a rnpofiil PTamiiii'inn nf llm j i. it . . .. r
oemtci to au intents nni ptii'p.'ses. mm
aiscreaonary orners wriicn wcr? tnrect-ii rem.f.ndent !idt.t hnlievo t.ielf in.i.r
toy orir respoiidciit from tlie Department any obligation to its pet t an 'authority
pass alt 'he idpplies of for'our forts 6recl-
pation of this post was nOt determined
for the Durri'isc nf nenmntiiip- n tnnsst rrn
the United States, the defensive measune!ilii1ity. He was ordered to eXte in el and ;Mnm.ihrv e. wi'ii ii& e!ti
. . . ' . ' ' . ... ' " ........ n xy: ,.-
adopted n.v uie government, a offensive owawn9, to u mg the war ,zni3 0f the United States.-' These psts
reasons by which they bud beau gerne,;i Wllh Semiiiou s to a speedy antUuc-j h.ul been Alternately -substituted for. the!
' II i if.;. ..r..,e.t. 1",cul . w i" ho p.rovo;jNrocs arid Indians) had..ivtreafed' for1
S .teired andtotectioo, alter fWr defoats
.,:k th. M..minl tlS- HS WOUI, inUKC U lOllOMUie Slid
aible nurnoies for woica the oemtuoie i .4 . . ...
war bad been prosecuted. That thtse
meaiures should be denounced as a vioia-
at Mil knstil; v. I'tu-v nimtitiited the
4 S- . -d . -. -.1 "-j
permancii. tie was, in eiujct, cuatgeu laboratories of the war : ami thp.e were1
Wltli Ibe tnaiiatrvmcnt ol the waf, awl their napi i;k e.dlerti d nnd nro-aniTe,
vesrt-u wiyi tue powers nzecssary to ive j,. attjve se,.vir).. rbeV were, in rcxli'yj
il cruxr. rno ot tiers coniti nave ueen m han 01 1 a.w sffire ihiispa. tpmt,te
l'llVIIOI l W'll '"SISS eissj TJ ll'l "I MV S
to hold hi artillery in retdiness to meet
7(ute-eontins!tneies,- should they occur a
Ujt he nevef -was dtr eteu to cOnve it to
a Wren point, nntil after votir respomiest
reached the CboetaHbatebjl V ,! v.4' 1 t.iiiVf '
flr wrre iuiiso roi;eeuiiigs cuusiucrct. fv.
acts nf tcvrj as. represented bytbe ttonJ'1;;
mit ae. iy fty adverting to. the eorrespoB--
d nje wlthlbe commaodaat of St MarksV s r
it .e governor of Peosisida and the Seere'
airy pf .Var, it may be dJtiactiy eett
!battvoor renpondent entered the Urritp
ry f Spain as a:frif, to cbaniie a eq
'.13I tfi.-ftiit2;- a.'t.
ViKbt of every citizen
. W ith. all -the respect, therefore, whicb
is due to an august branch of the govern
ment,' but with that frankness and sincer
ity which conscious innocence demaud to
axsumr, does he present liiaiself. It is a
duty which' lie owes to hiuelf,to his of
iiee, to hi family ; nay, to his country,
for wbitb he has encountered privations,
and whose interest has always beeu dear,
aid paramount to all other considera
tions. In doing Ikit he will not depart
confidently einecltfd, that he would have
escaped the crimination of jiour eommii-lee-
reproaches which, if sanctioned by
your honorable body, are little inferior to
cashiering : besitles. no instance, is 10 01-
foundon raeord where a similar c flrse
was adopted ia relation to any of the In:
dian wurs in which tl.e Uuited Sutis
have been engaged.
After all the above circumstances bsd
transpired, and it was supposed that the
suliject of the Seminole wur hud been ti
tjiollj disposed of, in the House of Kepre
scUtatives, yonr committee took it up with
avidity, prosecuted-H-wtlh an aswunj
that wus unexampled, and animadverted
upon the eonduct of the Executive, andj
atcd;iomoieumpIeaaiahe be protecrrd by theSpanislrflagihiWr the Spanish.
partial, a weft us to thrir applicatttui. - had they been in the exclusive possession .latlturitlr? bad pleaded (n6i( Ut ppr
Th in;.sa ip ol Mrs. (iatTP! I'.nst : " sbx age. enemies, uiey cotim not
.of lif-ut. Sc.it!,,av,'! dcnvV-if greater advantages, been
,, m.jm re bvnehtted uor we more seriously
tiie events which imhued Ibi- tjiutI.
11 merit to order him to t.vke ciini-
mand of the oporatinic armv, aisil to
prosecute the war with vigor and cfitvt
paled that ullcontrover-if,,i5,lln' the ht.fcheiy of ieot. S
sy, relative to the agehey of yoor re8po-a"Kt toirams, join rraiioi.iicni is 1111-
dent in giving rise 10 the wur, would bavtf ieu,. wen.
been , completely put Jo rest. It wan gove inw
form; that all bis operations were bottom-
ed'on the broad principle of self defence r .
auinofizeii uy ine jaw 01 nature ana ot
nationsrThey were not directed agaiijstj
ilia .V.i..liaisi.V of Snlin tint Mliml thm. '17
. Aga,n,t such an enemy, what measures rt wrt- Hnlh haa frMm the strorgi,1'
weretohe udonted nsKr orders thai re- t t 1 1.. . ;.
, , . . -. . . oius, ne renaeivous 01 negror siuu it -
. quired t spefy and effectual termtoholt :.i)(l,s,&0J who8. neutrality was roslra .
ed to the basest purposes. Tbey were-. :
Tlley Had di termiiied to ahairdon tiie,'" Knl Nvl"c!' ' give perma
camiouinnd defensive noiiry .hitherto o-i"W',ire u"1 ecunt.v ,0 "u'" Southern
tnf.! J,wl t.v n. ... u.... ft r I ron tier r. ih-y were not lo be met and
U'Mmws sis a j .nr inn ju, sst.v it j .iu 01 "i . . . t - a "a"
.1 . . ii I touht.iii the iMi.n plain, where a decisive
bmw migbl be given, and, the cmti si end
ed; but were to be sought for in t ip for
trenes of Spairt, and in tie stvtmi"1 of aj
bis official agents, in a manuer winch is
believed tu be aliogeiher nt range mid no
vel." By reitetatiousof mal c..nduci, they
seem to have eviuued a disposition to
from that respect which is proper to be
observed t nor will he hesitate to believe,
Uul tbattbe ifeuHte, on an impartial exam
ioation of. the facts, will come to con
clusions different from what their commit-
lee have arrived at. 't.
1 ...The manner in which tha inquiry was
4 ondocted by the to;nuiit tee i believed to
i :kve beep novel t a mass of testimony,
h lending serinuslyto ulfect the reputation
.of an individaal was collected ) and, al-
Hhougb it was proposed jet was an oppor-,- t m o ,hw who, trtlIMfctiliri
rluuity denied him, .! appearing Lelore ' Mnneelf,, itf itlfauiy ttll
aW inn n lira nnur. in riffltinn tn tKiiist Hlftli O . -
tteet nnnn whieh ilnilht and HillicnttieS hllS'lId the tirBtf 6V
!;.ht nr;..' . II. ftft. denrive.L h this'jority of any of the superior tribnuoU ol
rerasbl.of the pcivile-e of. confroiuing the nat.on, intluenced by party Idlings,
t&S.j '..k..r. ..ninf iirm t ln shall proceed to criminate a puulic olhcer,
: Iniss-examioins witnesses, summoned for jr ertcct Ms removal, in order to create a
Ius conviction Sueh jestiniony inly,a: vacJ r ? 5" hea..,b,..at.on ol a
4ll committee ehose .o select, was heard, .vor.te parl.zan, then may private re
t Id when pubbshed to the world declared snt.ncnt, and thonost angiy passions,
Ti language different from what the wit- ;ltte an unboouded and dangerous con
y V .6:r...i.i J Itrol over their proceedings, hvery sen-
ir? . . .- .. "... 1.1 , ..t iubIi.. .n.1 l..imHtiii-V"w.irh
, ny re usintf the accused an opportunity " .J"". . " - - v
; Confront aiid eroas-examine wilnessfs, mpltely stilled, as well as .1 egard
1 r ...... fX ilm KiinQiiiif inn rikI Irwh. Lht na.tr I
operations agitihst the cneuiv. i lie nr-i
ders (liret fed to. your fospontlent aiid ge
neral Gaines Subsequent to tiii.se tragical
events, .wdTe entirely d fferent from lor.
mer ones ; jnasmuch as ..ttiliyvivere
ocremtofv ns to carrviiiir-tm oiiernlinn i
i ------ - ji . -. i
wilderness, where they might con end el
eisiire, and recede from the d.ntct t.bc
seized bepat se tbey were Indian pps's l ....
ill intents and pn raise , bpainbasdl(s. -
vowed the conduct of her official agents; a . .''
the Am-ricart governmeal ha d-elured ;
nut a war was uot ioienueu wnu loams-
Although the ?ptnish autbo'-ities nerd
moment it became hazardous; T rtinl S'-i tj of many ocri and jind sguiaed acts,;
in Florida, aga nst the ScitiiiiolC 1:k!j.i h.' ' -medies to ;xevetit such evils hud altea.L 'l0Stl el the sovereignly f 8tai.i ;
ti r a, i-st .' ,- ' . i been adapted hy tbrt Am-icn g i-"-r ' ov.-r r lorma was-auog-ui' mei. u,t .
lUeSui order tnyotir respondent had . r.B.,- -..iWiimandan.ts had reneatedlv aeknowledj--
no rel-! eitre lo.ihose issued to general . fl.. 3 ,...;, V ie'. that the wf uanble m rprrfain liia
ases, and that the- lodiar. K!ef actl v
iSl. BritisV emissaries were pre edinsr'vn-
" tiiitlfttrpjl I vrpial II il u . n ri t in) iIa hit- n ti
Uaincs, sive that of the a.ue. dale with lra,(v i Florida, to t ie injury and a.i
un, uiih ii r.n tiMri,it:u vi tn in hi noyance of the Uni!d .tutes. 1
Amelia iblano, r quiiing his co-opera
tiou in the attack upon the Semiuoles.-
Pensacola waeuiered b U. Siate tro-.ts, trary to their wishes, and in vw. -a i
d, thtt'ltbeir faws; hence were these Tortressei
mid Ihkslti. iti iirH.fid: euforeed. thcitbeir laws; hence were these Tortressesv
In no pai t ol it was a reference to any however tint, government wa drpo,ed op'r.upied, oittieoniy measure wuieueu,a
prev ous 'mi der to .yi-ur respondent, or'to'cultivie pence, she could not preserve it g'vo a speedy an permanent penee to
any oti.et person, pointing out the most permitting prtio, regardless of ex. .-," Ijleedibg frftnier-Tha Ppanihgov-.
u ivieul.!..' t Ii,, ftd.,111,1 ne li.nit in treaties, louuirase her dearest iatitl. umem uiu whwmw f
iiitc him ia their flmitdicWfon,-!-''.' "P" m Kdid..?,r zKTro V01"
. . . . .. : . i ...ti......... .... .ii.. nr
And vefi had tho orders of g n. Gaines
been ouligatoiy, as the case winch they
contemplated never occurred,- they must
entirely have lost their force !ahd eiTuct.
Xu prtler to peif.rrn If particuiar service,
nr to effect a specific object, without any
limitation as to tho means to be t inploy
ed, leaveSj t is" Conceived, an entire iis
Cretion w ith I lie officer, as to their char
acter and application it then becomes
a general power.' It is also believed to
, ... V. . ':V - be true, 4hat the- limits of nut h an ordcf
! to tremble for, . , .
, 1... i.wl..ln...l in rB,i.,nr..i,S I0r Hie eoosuuuoti niiu is. ine aw.
r . - . ...... t til win nave hiiiuid ciuic iv 11 ciihiiw ui . . , . ,..i . -.. n
irrv lictive, aim r.seaBiona sougui io , ... a . ., cannot, oe lianscenueu wmioui an entire
Talicnant nd implacable e sentmeats ! J 1! n.Tin.ti.na a desertion of the object' contemplated.-
Irespondeatdoe. not jLund to as- -"ruS::: wlfieThe orders of your iesndent4npMc-
ser.t ifnai auy suing ius ,-,, ,,
-Ior,n m the present investigate
bars ti adverted to 'it, as formin
, - . .r ., &e imminently ei
wn"'""'"."?- Kuried inrnins. ' ...V been euiltr of their, violation. Yet, it
prom r wrormaaa.meipoa .n...r. .hnid bavB anv doubt could exisr unon this subiect.
. .. . st -,.a a a . -1 J 1 ...-'a -1 f tLA
Xn& oecurS venerable fn.urie of our liberties, whieb he orders or your re9ionden complete
.11! "hoi has hasleen consecrated by the blood of our ly superseded tfioae directed to general
in-Tnortiou beroes'aad the wisdom of our sages, will Oa'mes ; and if so, h must stamt ac
ichmieht arise be imminently endangered, if not entirely quitted ol tberTitgh charge of .having
van vrui .a WW . - " i . . .,.a k
rules! IU judieial proceedings, to violate been published to ine world, at a ii
overr A maxim or iosttee, ami io irampio precmuo .,,..5.., -
i such a epurse is to prostrate the
time to the subsequent approval of tbe measures
eireum- and motives of. your respondent, by the
, htiita everv individual waste- indulged, than tpat it was inteoueu. oy t-v- -:
a t k Petty. ounteraetiogthe decision ef the House offort u. ra.de to induce
h f. and that herald not bo tried R.preseotative. previously made to pro- treatyof Fort Jckson was
-' vi ''.; - , i ; :;. V.-!;" "" '.';'' '- ' .';'- .'-''' ;i' "'. ' -''''-i5 : .' :;. " f
the law ofoations, and the provisions of
the treuty ol 1T95. ' febe plead-'d inability
to comply, and the American governmO'K
fnrgave the ii0ryr ( l'eaee was at length
restored to the United States yet still
Spain, regardless tf her ooligatious, per
nutted British azent to reiiJe within to
bosom fif Florida," and tu k X.ite the Jn
Jiikiisand negroes to pillage and to blood
sheds Kemonstraden was ag.ao employ
ed,'' but iu vsiov7 Liability wasjtUl t-"e
pretext, and the same tragical scene. i
neased in 1811 were paw repeated. The
savages who had causelessly made war,
and who were sheddius the blood of. our
border settlers, bein thus openly received
and comforted oy the Spauisu aotnoritieK,
were sueh acts of hostility, w ere'lo Ha
grant a Violation of the good urtdersioud
neon ality according to the injunetieds oflplain of it as a measure of that deseription, r
1 1" l WW giiycruuicuii ii.(b tivuT irujru .. .
themselves at peace, and lave tin e kpt
up a regular and friendly intercourse .wiibv ;
eajh other in the shape of negociation. 1
Neither were the earriaons made vri-
s nerS ff tear, er treated ' like conyurrpd -
mem), as it i stated by your committeo.
J'l.e epntrary will be made clearly a; pa
rent, by ah examination of the eoBditions)
upon -wliieb the Spanistt posts Were occu
pied; to which year reipondentbegt leavav '
ti refer. - Vaur comniuee esanowirui -
that the Spanish authorities ioFlorida, ,.
were guilty of acts of war against the U.
Slates; but (hat her neutral character
was not loholltf merged in tnai ot ine etje-,
. msT laaasa AfMnlABiikM M.n "
J9 111 Cuclurnv3c hi uct juyvj ats w
and not pAjtfca'feree. If giving tho
N..rnA, and ind.an Vneouraarement itt
ipg existing bet weea the United Siatesltheir tatra-by. tba'-'ttrs3basa of Ibelp V
piUHUcr ,UiUiUig)T uieu ni'u - siu luv
Droteetion.sopptiesand ounitions of war-
did not wholly mergt'- the neiaatitv of -
. U.. iSn.n.ik antlinritiai- lnni null. llTll. i
associa 'tis io' Ttbe .war, ynr 'respoadittt'"
confesses that be is at a loss far a drSai-- ?
and Spain, as, io the opinion of your res
pondent, wholly to merge t fit neutral that
acterl fi& your respondent eonsidt r
(hat he weald bare been, feuiftf of a dere
lietion of duty, had he drawn up bis troop
by warf of eordon, and remained eo the
- 'l. .!.J-; -'L- .1... .r
Geo rati a frontierTreeeivins the reports otltion nf, terms. Agreeably, t tHia idea
Indian robberies and massacres, only thai 'would be improper to coBSldar the iv'L.a
was negatiated by he might transmit them to tbd Secretary laiion of a nation, with whom we were at
irrSspoBdent and that Uio hostilities of War for jja eeald have, done no more, war, as enmiesy saio th who eQ )