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0 / 75
a Guyra and Porto Cabello, jith the tow of
irora xvv to 26o in killed and pf sonera... u-
neral 1Mnnl! ..... -4 a !....... Mn tirt aril fnffi
Drig ttcfvwifo his staff, havmi wUh him the
muimrcii 01 eighteen, guns, awyaolie smaller
vessels iu a body. f eao men.; -.'
Mi inn A vwwi- T4. Ulf X. .
It is supposed that nt fewer than one hun
dred boats, and fifteen or twenty rafts passed
..u..iU.v.i7 mue an auaca on mem wiin me wis piace on 1 uesuay last, destined lor
plaster of ari$, by on ing it over the bed , but j fcrent places on the MonongaJicla and , Ohio
Without stieceaa. I ilrnn iiimmrnpii nn itmm
with brimstone, pouuded very fine. , Of this, I ' V ' , '
put 8 lbs. mixed with a little tuhsi, on 25 yards tsmmt aJ YoHttAitAV If
square j the weather, being very Lot and dry, mi i V CLTBLA!kD KYxr. .
was mnch in it. favor. This was the early part The Indian, who rntme. ed Wool and Bish.
of tbe present mouth (May.) 1 had it sowed!0,?' anr acknowledging the Jact, say, that
over the bed very early in the morning ; and,they wel,t otI,cr cwnl io fthers, but
a the secoad day, 1 found a wonderful change 'that ne doSs Wou,J nt permft ejn to get
produced : the ftie. from havine been verv nu- near me nuts
. .J . . . . . V ' .
TO THE EDITOB dated
' OAKLAND, MAT 10TB, 1819.
" The subject f tobacco appears to iotereit
'. oar state depy 5 and, as the cultivation ,of it
is rapidly exteading in our country, we shall
" at all ttwes be highly gratified to reeeive light
on the varitif proeeates of eoltiratiori and cur
ing it. We ,bave been dreadfolly annoyed, in
ur iuu ocas, oy a stnaii DiaeKioaeet, call
ed the tly, in appearance resembling the flea:
they coinraenced their bavoe wilh me, and 1
immediately n,aJe an attack on them witb tbe
iff .. J..- y a ... ...
been displayed ty the) Spanish Goteroment
to raise money, upon adedge of payment on
HiV. aWivnl nf the Afiirai 74. nnil Salitn fri-
gate, which .are expected from Vera Cruz,
:n: 1 tt:i ih'k .k:u ...T..
mill I1IIIIIUI19 : . Uiiiii tiiuou smjo aiiiTC, uui
little cau be done towards the completion of
the expedition. In the mean time we are told,
that the impudent Patriot privateers arc dai
ly peeping into the harbour of Cadiz. A
I3uens Ayrean privateer of 22 guns, was
cruizing off Cadi z ab out the middle of March,
occasionally taking a bird's eye view"-of
the bay, to learn the progre. of the expedi
tion, and intercepting vessels intl very 'teet.li
of the batteries. A strorig reinforcement of.
these troublesome customers was soon cxpec-
t(il. ti'hnn thfl trnnnnilifv nf tliA wntiM'a nf f-
Mediterranean will no doubt be. disturbed,
where dispisporllon bttweeJa ftiR
h o great, .enormoai ' UT
J f fifty "hoaUnd m I S8 f-ri?;
far as to .! . ' &ome Uv. '. 41
howsal. Every ,! t
booorofateatioCoBe ,,. "e
ted to.opporttbc y'Tlt
itam. appropriation have, f T
been e.hauswd. At any rtt e, ,he f'" N
has been more in nronoii. .1 f,P4ia,
that the arui wB r,,ii .1" . - ,e Mmniii.
it;.. .' .
.... . .""-. 11.
iHvuiierraiitsmi win nu uouoi oe . uisiuroea, '""o mousauu. Tlteie facts " ti
tban which nothinor could be morr nrarticablfl. 'hat there is an hdiiok.... iiriuCe
u... . .. ' most ..,. i-7 """Cjcv ir, it
aiHilieu at a iBiall exne
: -L . , j.. .... v
v.. ir iiri.lirF V. . " . "e 01 ", is a lad or onlj- -1 irrind.it Oibrallnr. Uttmnn that s m
iSTj!. 10 7- f Ufl bo HI m Mr. En-,K know f L Arrival a. Cadi,.
1 . . . . . 1 lift rlP:l'('(l (in urrinnr nl hin nw W niiipt'iittu I hn immnilirita v rnmnA.I. ...Ill
mane use oj and il you tbiuk it is worth a .. . . . r
I 1 1 - x .. . 1 ... 1 I
wnirn guiu criuunato.anu 01 net s 10 near mm
v . . . 1 a . ' . 1
place in your records, yoq cau make an extract
tiu uijr icuer.
1 St. Marg's Correspondent,
WASHJNOTON. MAT 23.
-9 ; . r
mats, (in toe subjoined paragraph) respecting
tb treaty reeeuiJy eoacluded with Spain, but
not yet ratified j lyhich, as they are in part ap
parently founded on suggestions made in this
paper, it may be proper to notice.
1. It is biuted that the cabinet (that is, tbe
executive) bare ft opes that the trealv will lint Iia
ratified by the king of Spain. This, we have
reason to believe, is a groat error. Tbe eyes
of tbe government were onen. when (Iiev muiln
tbe treaty, to all the circumstances connected
ilh it Xr l.ari Avamn f..,.t r....l I..... ...J I.-- I
Spain, the treaty would yet have been avalua
"ble one. It was the 'sovreignty of the territory,
and its appendant advantages, that was neces
sary to Bjf, and not the land, of which, were it
even of tbe best quality, the government lias
already a fund sutlisiently great for in wants,!
- if not for ill wishes. !
2. As to the fact, t ht vast erftnl. of lam! in
Florida fate been made by 8pnin, beyond the
calculations of oargovemment, we believe that
v tbe editor of the Urntiuel has been niisiiiforui
ed as to the partjeulars, though not far wide of
tbe general fact. It is true, we beliere, tut
euor.mous bomiual grants have been made, ma
ny of tbeio toMmerican merehsots and oecu-
laturs. But, it is also true, that nearly all those
grants are utterly jvuid. Of-how much validity
llrey are may be inferred from tbe fact, that
some of the largest of them are laid on territory
(formerly part of Louisiana which has been
oeeupied by tbe United states many yearn, h.a
been for some time included within Aerriloria(
government, and will soon become part of a
3. As to the conforrenees between Afr. OnU
patches utledged to have been transmitted to
' Spain,1 we cannot speak nith any certain! v, ha
ving no knowledge ; but we are under the im
pression, that the editor of tbe Centiuel has
been', ted into error on those nobis, as sn til
finally, when we spoke of some " very res
pectable citizens," who would rejoice in the
failure of the treaty, we referred to individuals
toe western country, wtiose views have been
disclosed in tbe western papers, and not to any
persons in any manner eoijnected with the gov
ernmenf. -. - -, -
FROM "THE BOSTON CENTIKEt,
- HINTS,t it hinted, that the Catinet in
Washington bavo litres, that the treaty will
hot be ratified by king Ferdinand That sine
its signature, and ratification, a discovery bus
been made, that durin? th npVn.i .1 ..
-Spanish-lCing- bad sold Eight Millions of aeres
of the public lauds of tbe Floridkswh.ch sale
is guaranteed by the Treaty being made prior
to Jan. if 1818 1 It has' been further hinted'
rhat on the discovery of the above fact, lion
vui., iiiccrauy negotiator Dad been cajk'd up.
on by Mr. Adams, lor an explanation of such
Conduct and that the Don bad evaded all ex
plauation by remarking, tbkt a bargain was a
bargain: that tbe treaty Was intruded to cover
all sales previous ts tbe above dates known or
unknown ; and that tbe purchasers of the land
did .not make him a eoofidant of their sccreu
Anu,ddiy,,t isinnled, That the Messenger
By information 1 coeiired from a p htlcman,
who had! conversed with tfie.prisoiiers, thro'
their interpvjaie, rainfurmtj Ljbat after
... killed and UiBhoJy bo tuucfi disa
bled as to bn heldjp by the two elder ones,
the lad struck him sevVat iiows on ibe Wad
with the tomahawk which laid him dead at his
feet. Whether he tnnk !:nv fi:trf iii trt mm
der of Wood, we are unable to say. ; The o
ther two are also vounir. tlx one" 19 and thn
other 23. The eldest of whith has a wife andJ
he immediatflv commenced a iiertiatinn will
j - -1
the Marquis de Yrujo, fur Mr. R'a release
r .-. . ' ..'.1 .1.. 1. ;
inui t.ajuivii.j' , anu iniuugn me inttivfssioii
of the American Consul at, Cadiz, the Gov
ernur was prevailed upn not to remove his
prisoner from Ca liz, until farther ordera-frum
Madrirl iucanwl.;i ttt n. oota'iud a per
sonal interview with t he Governor with whi.m
his eloquence prevailed so fa as to obtain fori
uimsicii ,uic indulgence 01 a paroic. un I4t
of March he was secretly informed that orders
were received from Madrid, severely reprt
mandimr the Governor for his irciieiojiitv ta
- n i- ... 0
r.n. anu commatiuuig nun to put into im-
" WIIUIIIUIUI . I... II II....... - . J . J I F .,
ablisbmeot. The army cost, J. 'UrJ
70 dollars per man ' ' m" u
fAr?fvYv B.r.,lwtM the report of the
tary of War, showing vhe etrimVi,.0
statement would 3,ve something
musiaan t atlemntin ,a ,k1bi. .... ctr' U
1.. 1. ...1 ma non.f,.,..
.-.u "OlM-l IU tiodv iif ll, !
tny.ni.eu m fact, they are col il Zi .
tsubieer i 1 , ..., . .1:... . -ud
5 i...dayf .a pdvVe
"is statement 11 urreeted bv the f .11 .
eruet IVon, the report referreo ifc
bTe-e.0 be bur 719 cummuJ
one child. The 'murderers vere given up by
their chiefs, w ith the greatest apparent checr-fulness-the
lad of 16 years old was taken in
his fathers but. TbeTather and mother show
ed some symptoms of sorrow, but said, if he
la me rogue, taKo nun away trj him ty your
laws, and nunish him arrnrilinn f Ills itpspi-tc
Minis the tear or symiiatlsr stole down j He edited his escape on the same day, in a
the cheek of the unhappy parents, they re-1 vessel- laying in Cadiz bav, the captain of
signed their son into the hands of justice to Which, with, a benevoh-nre ,f i.P.art. u,i,iH.
mediate execution the order confided to him.
directing the prisoners to bo sent to Ccuia j
ho was furfherlni'ormed that the Town Adju-'
tan-t wilh -, guard was thrn in pursuit ol hisu. !
The recollection of his 30 months of the, se
ven St hardships of captivity rushed upon his
mind and detoi mined him to Uy from parole.'
Cener, St :ifT. k
pep. r; mint oiEngloeeis,
Hff'c. of Light Artillery,
Corps of An tilery,
Utile K.ment. . J'
M -3 S
. , 7.
w u .
.z 3 JJ ,E
. i - i 0
- - i i '
P - u a
J" Vl j
44 502 U
lOh 3,71)4 3 Oh
7i9 TIXF 7i&
atone for his crimes. Here we find ewu n.
mongst the natives of the forest,a veneratiun
I'tW llictT. r. or....,!.. 1 ... ' . I i.
.x. ju.-iiiiv uiiij iu ue huh wiiu,amMngsi peo
ple professing the name of. christians:
The llilTI' Iwdiai.u vvlin mUl4Mll TTf,..,.l
and Cishup, are confined in Hflroli Jail they
have not been brought to this; flare, as was
supposed tbey would have been probably ow
ing to the short time they win hare to be con
fined till the court.
" hi iiiiiiniv. iiuiiur, 3.-v3cin uiiiiiruiau'iy
against a lie.iU wind : and thus M
.. n k- " B"eu anu
. :::: : ,s,.au,,us ttn ffieer8 auihor,9i,nc
bade adieu to the Spanish castles, jails and actually in serfice ni 2 0"""ri
dungeons, to' inhale once more the wholesome eessarily detached' for naTai 'V"5 U
air of his own native land8of liberty. j ginecrs and surveyors of the eLitl'f V
1 irtiii.a. ...1 . . 1 vasi or ir
Tragicr-Oa the St. John's, (F. F.) about
5(h tnst. a misunderitAndinvl .kfni' b!ai 1....
tweeu two men, one of thejd named Mocurab
uapped a pistol at tbe other'j bfeast. If n duel,
whose life had been thus atempfcd on seeing
no n.sioi aam cockih iiwiiea iicrontpntj ..1
bis gun ;.i SJocumb's body, and went immedi
tttelr Aiiniiii;ii...l.iJ ihrit .iMaJ..
res fo f oiiii ...i..:-: z. . -" r. .
. , uuuihb at,a was put 1010 tne
fori where he ,IOw remains. He furtnerly re
Jed at 5t. Mary-s, iathis .rate.
Mitt 'Storm. We Ipam that the i.nirrl,!,,;
mg country siiOVrpd
Vlo fiiirp i.l' i. -Ii..:i .-.. -r . . a -..
.. , storm oy wiucuit was VI-
sited on Monday last. Vegetatioii generally
was much damaa-edFinit.
whicli previously wore a promiiig asiiect,
sust.uned material inipv it TIT a frl I... a.
"ghtly immediately in the vicinily of this
Extract to the Editor of the Baltimore Patriot
UiVANJIA, MAT 3, 1819.
u,.c aau other commands reirin s
men connected wit!, .1.- ... " "7'wring ne
" Dear Sir: I have .this dav si-en. in niariat, together with il,.,. ' . ",C0!8,
ult. a;.7 " wr iecru,t,nS. t "ill not iWmur,
Kingston ('Jamaica iMner of the 2ist nit
detailed account, brought there by tbe British
bug f War Parthian of the capture of Puer
to Bcllo on the 7th, by Sir George Macgregor,
uu uootu mree itunureu troops and six or
scon sail of vessels. There appears to luve
lit-un out utue or no resistance and a govern,
incut had already been established jsatjhfacto.
ry to ttie l itiicw generally, under a General
Loez. The opinion generally prevalent at
Puerto Bello, was that Chacres. would also
1411 inio me nanus ot I he indencnrleuts . nnrt
(liat Sir Greeor was in exnectatinn nl huju
fl'Htn T.rr.rl 'nU,. . I. .1 :j r ''. .
a-... wuiu UL.Ilt .11 IC III! I f II? Ill 111' I HlflM FIT IliA
' " - - - - u.b.v. W.
Islhmm with a considerable Ueut toencouraec
luau iwo y hMri t -a
. .. " " company, ins ead or tin
mer, to;au othfler, a, .uted'by 7Mr, WijSaL
m , . Sof','r'n5, which Mr. W. i
mates to be sufbeient fn., t, .
sHowing lt always filled, cannot exceed ninety!
s.xothcers,aSfappearsbytbe report referri
U of these, furiy-four are doctor,.
, r.ry. agH 1 .n. tm,mvwm,umrba had tu thsrt.,
WiilLina0: Sttn " by Mr.
rr- .. , .. . WIKCE,Ti:a,frKSItjMAT23
trariMV or .VoiVAt n ..n .
riiu.f- .. i- 1 - iMiu um; nine east ot
JAtt 1, f-tjt.e
1 1 1 --- "t man w as suwuiir a lari'e I'lin.
tar loir. 12 i.r,r..i ... ... b ' 1-
. - ai nuai luir me aw strike a.
Kiror.tour jKMiiKis weight completely grown over 21
to leave no mark It .ppt.aPS .Ui.ienf fma, every ci?
tumstanre, thai this ball wss d sctmred horn the .
ju.t back ot the grtmiul wl.eri the Dritis!, 5 E
wla, ummo lIIl Ui-pi.nt ic
i- . lu I'reseni is more than
fort, --one year, thai it J,M !.,, pcec'ily lurA'tL
sage from the "guu to the ti te. ' ciisps.
Extract of a letter from Messrs, Cleemant &
w j navre, aa ea juarct 13. 1819 -hand-
e im vjr wur. i&ranaer Boyei , 0 Boston.
k You will have already ttvir.l f 11..
- J - v .un-
pension of Messc. Schereraad Fir.guerlin of
raruiueso respectable friends have made
their determination solely for the benefit of
their creditors, for their property far exceeds
their debts.,.. Tims will show tbe delicacy I
eouduct which thv I
them .will ti'it causa iht- li(r,w ..,... ...
- . . 3UV.U. ,.WUV IIIUI US
O H1 ...... II I. 1 w
u mt cstuuinnmetit at Havre, wnieb ii
conlmue as usual. Wa ahall nl
- . " T- " VMUtB"
estefiu which iw Ihtr ourselva we bate hi-
mena enj iyed -Huston Daily dJi
Genera) Stiff; ,
Light Dragoon, . .
Itegimatit of Artillerists,
7 regiments of liilanlry,
The pride of New-Yotk is still her com
meree. Nothing can bieak down
We learn from tilipaltQn 1 1
... - - .t... , mat uiucrs nave
that ba. been sent to pain since tL trea y Kin ' T? l,"oril Va
uoneluded, ha. (le.patihes wbieb relate J hil ,f2 ffr4" al1 l,,rt9 the Coast of
important discovery. :"J.njs to obtain- iiailors to, mati
iu. h.iips wnicl-are to convoy the grand-expc'-dition
to Buenos Ay res, and is cxjKtted vve
iy day to b enforced in rimi;., .....i .. . i
, - uiiu mc- 1101 IS
in that quarter. It is belivnd rWr th.J
sure vtfJ not be verv w!l
sailors, when a. mote civil way of procuring
othcera meet a ;! . t-.. "o
; tir "lo.mtfsi. inameu opposi
tion. Ve aromloi raed from the most unquea.
tionable authorif v. that llfi I fun lliu.1 o!w .1 tr
ent commanders have been ordered tdthe sa
iuiu, , iniC UI lUCSnitM llltpnrlal
pany theextieditmn. autl thot all nt. 1.
! . nil wi lUCHI IT III 4-
1 to act ! The plea for this reusal is not from
,. V 1 lit II
;aiuai auu iu
u" "oikcu me sale arrival, with full
uiguoi, or more than one hundred sail of ves
sels from .sea. This accession of wealth to
our port revives the bustle of business, and
operates as a restorative to commercial confi
denceq - ... , -
A letter Irom Havre, of the tstof Ausust
aays, American coitoh iS the rr l TSrl V J t'this reusat is ,
that sells currently. We have on hand ah t th&T airiots, Dot a belief that
8000 to!,. ..I rQid L-""Hr.0'1 1 l eir o:n mco are not to be trusted J
.s" r::zr-:w ""v&n iwu confidence i the t;d,!itv n.i
- "TP J lUTttllV Of
't. llOllimrt ln t ....I . . '
ol Aew Orleans jof other Sorts, 17,0QQ bales."
uy me Mippomencs, rom Curracoa, we
learn that on the 8th ultimo, eight meitof war,
convoying a number of mcrcbant vessels, that
were'obelltiatfH yas supposaoV
for the relief oTCumana. ft was reported
that tho RoyaKsirhfcatej the Patriots at
hose who are destined for South Ameria, i
SL- - A ke..IvU sa' .t ,er ing his
rlf ijiU yo yup Honor.
P.VtoirttiiK.. 1 ' m
making at Gibralui.. lv . w
ti. ., r ii- , ' c accounisrtor
the u.so of the exnei lit i..,. i-r.....:. V
TO THR EDIT01IS OF THE MIMEnr.
Umtlembn As you published 10 your paper
he lltin. , uttu Wdliam' Circular, i Shfcb
rVsbe. W 10 ,aV Wa,fe "tation.
respeetiair the armv. nti. . ..
re-publicitioa af ' ' X u Moa
-,--.. .015euWr wiucu is believed to be lhP
w" " 0 n m war 17eparlment
-rnpM4HB "NATION A LI NTE LL I GE NC K ' "
ai ',,?. "-''.oi t. Hoaorable
" " member 01 the House of lie.
pre.enrat.ves of ti,e United State., from North
.IfiMW my attention was arrested by the ifi
r vw uurwu 1 un iiiiirN KiriiriitM 1. . .
fin. . .. - ' ,
and inuu ai pfMent uneeesgarily lar-e
'M- 7 a . report' fro5
--w-v atuaaa aa. a.vn ia a t
This it the organization ailmiipri l.n u.
of the army to have been eighty-four comoiii- .
.mh.,, , iruica luny-iour were aijo
A cooiparison of these tables shoivs that tbe
proportion or ofricars iv less, iu tbe present peat
establishment, than before th" war, ia every
corps and detachment of the army
It HOWS rCBiaioS tft it9min. J. .. i '
most imortantnbion,j;" ',,r- "mm "
my, .adft,SrS7,J eCB'
1. upwirj of eooo onl, j Ihit . 1... 5
linia mdr. vi... j.... u om we liam ...
' -u w sirr fi inr a n
commission.! .m..: 1 ""r, Don-
nie committeo r ,u.,i ..1 . .r. .
the data required fi a fai 'in! '
io.. ciur a fair and acrurale invei-
ciuoe toe oiahiiri,. .' x- . .- '
.!..- y-;,"vu,c,,l lor loniHoatrons anu
ordoaoee, winch ttre 0f 4 perinanent pature.
liie aiinronriatinn cL-n,i r... .l
penses of the viAr .om ...1. .
a difcwT r T01 19 .or?f?9i making -a
d.fferonce of g 52i,456. a
M he estimates ha.v.
...... . . ""-V.l 1UI men Ull I-"-
sunoftsition nf AiiFmii:. 1 .....
fill k- iT ' ""nry csiaoiisunieni oemg
iuu, whieb, in that case, would consist of 12,656 ,
omce. s, uon-eommissioned officers, musieiaaf,
and privates." '
On Mr. W's plan orplacing tbe whole army '
expense on the hpn.i. .. .!.- .ru: 1. m.;
would cost 2ST a .. .v .... ..i.:
.1 , " i'ci annum, anu, ib.iua
"ieactuai.iirenffihnr.il.... t. ,l. -
. O . Ul Hi J IIVIU IDD
port referred t h xr. w V :. ..M
matte I be armr. inclwim fl n PR owe aiufretil dltr&J
.. (a " v r a aw w
h If M wPe-r maa yearlya little more lhafl
- lint nnrnnip l makfl SO
great an error. th o.rim.t. 1. u. .n.
nilHeU, 1V Which It Unl.lrl a.maa. lift ItttA
included, in the annual expense of tbe army,
Ihe appropriations for fortifications-the ojsd
uractureof cannon, arms, and munitians for . ...