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CBA8. R. JOKES,
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THE LIBERTY-LOVING MECKLESBPROKHrV ?
A friend has kifcdlj" tUteel In otrr
copy of wMgu&lfofliB
It is "A History of the Campaigns of
1780 and nST4n.ftidrn'J,i-olhS
of North America, by Lieutenant-Colo
nel Tarleton, commandant Of the late1
.... . .r j .'i i- : .'.
JJntlsh region, it Is needless to ten
the intelligent reader what part CoL
Tarleton bore in the war of the revolu
tion, for in this section, at least, the
name is as familiar as a household
word. The frontispiece of this old
book, it may be remarked, however,
represents the face of the dashing young
officer a face of singular attractive
ness, clean-shaven, dejicatelyr featured
and more like that "of a 'woman than
that of a man.
This book which he wrote after the
war ended, presents many points of in
terest to the reader of to-day. We are
constrained to. copy .a paragraph or two
from it, that the men of tthe present
generation, may see of what stern stuff
their forefathers were made, even ac
cording to the confessions of an enemy.
What Tarleton' wrote of -the men of
Mecklenburg was not intended as com
plimentary; quite the contrary ; but it
is complimentary, none the lestfsafe an
acknowledgement of their courage and
as going to show how strong within
their bosoms was the love of liberty ;
as showing how implacable was
their hatred of kingly oppression, and
what hardships they would bear and
what dangers encounter for the sake of
freeing themselves of their bonds.
In the Ught of the facts here present
ed, with which all other history agrees,
as to the liberty-loving character of the
early Mecklenburgers, and as to the
stern bravery with which they asserted
their principles, it is not at all to be
wondered at that their descendants
have never failed to prove themselves
worthy, in any great emergency, of the
name of men and citizens. With such
a lineage they could hardly do less, and
for them to ever do less will be for
them to dishonor not only themselves
but the dead.
To convey a. general, idea of Lieutenant-Colonel
Tarleton's opinions of
this people in the days before the re
public was established, it is only neces
sary for us to copy two and a-lialf pages
from his sketches. This we do here
with, beginning in chapter III, on page
161, as foiloWs : '
On the 22d, Earl" Cornwallis directed
the British legiHf and light infantry to
cross the Catawba at Blair's ford, in or
. der to form the advanced guard,l'or the
immediate possession of Charlotte
town. The Junction of the light troops
had been prevented for a few days, by
a violent fever .which had attacked
.Lieutenant-colonel Tarleton,aad which
yet disabledhlm from holding his situa
tion when his regiment moved for
wards. Several convalescent men of
the army having relapsed, the 7 1st, un
der M'Arthur, was left near Blair's
mill, to afford protection to the sick, to
cover the mills in the neighborhood, and
A - l 1J A.Z -- . I 1 , i 1
lonoiucoininuiiicauuii wiiu auiuen.uii
additional suppUes arrived. Earl Corn
wallis moved forwards as soon as the
legion under Major Hanger joined him.
A party "of the militia tired at the ad
vanced dragoons and light infantry as
they entered the town, and a more con
siderable body appeared drawn up near
the court house. The conduct of the
Americans created suspicion in the
British: An ; '.ambuscade was appre
hended by the light troops, who moved
forwards tor some time with great cir
cumspection : A charge of cavalry, un-
tier iviaior iianger, uissipaieu mis in-
grounded jealously, and totally dispers
ed the militia. The pursuit lasted some
time, and about thirty or the enemy
were killed arid taken. The Kina's
troops did not come out of this skirmish
, unhurt: Major Hanger and Captains
Campbell and M Donald were wound
ed, and twelve non-commissioned offic
ers were killed antP wounded.
Charlotte town afforded, some con
veniencies. blended -3 with great disad
vantages., The mills in its neighbor
hood were supposed of sufficient con
sequence to render it for the present an
eligible position, and. in. future, a necesK
sary post, when theJarmy advanced ;j
But the aptness of ita Intermediate ait-;
i! V. 1 . -1 1 l2..1!K.i... f
Milium uetwtjcii vvrtinueii iuu oaiiauiuj,
and the quantity of its mills, did not
counterbalance its defects. The town
and environs abounded with inveterate
enemies; the plantations in the neigh
borhood were small and Uncultivated ;
the roads narrow, and crossed in every
direction: and the whote face of the
country covered with close and thick
woods. In addition to these disadvan
tages, no estimation could be made of
n i . r , r 1 1 . i . . 1 -
me sentiments oi uau ui uie miuunr
tants of North CaroUpag whilst the royfj
ai armyremamea at inanotie. towm
It was evident, and ft had been fre
quently mentioned to the King's officers,
that the counties of Mecklenburg and
Rohan were more hostile to .England
than any other in America. Thevigi
lance and animosity of these surround-?
ing districts checkJeo, tne exertions ox
the-well affected, and totally destroyed
all communication between the King's
trooDs and the loyalists in the other
Darts of the province. No British com
mander could obtain any information
in that position, which would facilitate
his designs, or guide his future conduct
Every renort concerning the measures
of the governor and assembly would
undoubtedly be ambiguous; accounts
of the preparations of the militia could
only be vague .arid uncertain; and all
intelligence of the real force and move
ments of the continentals must be to
The foraging narties were every day
harrassed by the inhabitants, who did
not remain at home, to receive payment
for the produce or xneir plantations, out
generally fired from covert places, to
annoy tne jjntisui ww""3
iectual attempts were ma upuu w
voya coming from Camden, and the in
termediate post at Blair's mill; but in
Hvirinaia With mrnresses were 1
lirmnrHprfld Anf attack was directed
Mintt i nicket at Polk's milL two
miles fromlkfipiyfti " The Americans
wra waiiantlv received by Lieutenant
n.,.rn rtf iiini'i sard regiment: and the
a hta tmrtVfrom ft loon-holed build
ing adjoining the mill, repulsed the as
sailants. Notwithstanding .the lffer-
ent checks and. losses sustained Dy us
in nf th district they continued
y,air hostilities with unwearied per-
hf vcrv fo nilt Of AgreaiL
mhr nf messftngers. could, reach
situation. , . i
Official statistics rprpseltbaWurinff
the past two-year SO.meseTeniyiwu- ing something ousirucung
-iiaM'Mi.oipit-adia the paroxysm
Istence. . . .". ' '.
, -- i , r ,. . . - . ..-,.;, AL:iifc.tflk
'Wilmington Sun has copied and
fav6rablv commented uDQnthbrece;
editorial article in THfifeOBSEftY:
tt- W - ffbuw- ' V Vi
which undertook to assign
iwhv' It is that the Duaishm&t fati
ii sometimes visited upon murderers by
thepophlace instead of being left to the
tdsdom of the courts. We are satisfied
that our position "on the question is the
correct one, ant )dm tsubject of
sufficient importance , to Justify efer
WW it yet another time, rne nrsi
rjhipgfeeded is an efficied)nii
tioh of justice. Murderers must be con-
yictedAnd 'luing: ' HalMpMtting qiiib-.
bles'anVi pm-poSit jlhicalities must,
not be allowed to outweigh a: totf of soV
id evidence. It often seems as if some
legal minds were constructed only to
catch a technicality, and left facts;; great
and small, slip through wfth the great
est facility. If many of our courts
would rely more upon plain facts and J
common sense; and' less on trivial tecb:
nicalities, their utility 4 society wouid l
be far greater than it is now. Men are
knocked down and their dead bodies
are thought less valuable than the liv
ing perpetrators of the deed. If the peo
ple want this murder business stopped
they must put a higher price on human
life, and ifthe;cor watit lyjuih law:
stopped, they must execute with more
fidelity than they have heretofore done
the trusts which re,cppfided fa them. f).
Specie Resumption Resumption
is an established tact. .Legally it
took place yesterday; practically it
took effect two or three weeks ago.
The treasury and sub-treasuries of the
United States, as well as the banks
everywhere, were closed yesterday, and
exactly Avhat influence: the .arriral of
resumption lay will have in financial
circles, will not be realized until to
day.1 ' This influence, however, will
be slight: few people anywhere
will demand the redemption of their
securities m gold coin, and the
business of the country will go on to
day and hereafter without shock from
the resumption of payments in specie.
No publication, of any kind whatever,
could have as great influence upon the
Northern mind, in convincing it of the
exact social and political status of the
South, with reference to Northern men
who have settled here since the war, as
will the publication of the proceedings
of the meeting of Northern settlers
which is called to take place in this
city on the 15th inst. We conscien
tiously believe that this meeting will be
fraught with great results to the South ;
in the verv nature and constitution of
thbody it cannot be otherwise. Every
SoutfieVn inau should feel a personnl
interest in it, and every Southern news
paper should forward the enterprise by
every legitimate means its power. Will
our Southern bjrethren'generany give it
still further of their aid and influence V
Diyision of the State of Texas.
Someiwnbitious schemers, in Texas and
out, am slyly forming their plans to d:-
vide the great commonwealth into
States. This arrangement would
vide places for eight distinguished citi
zens in the' Senate, and four' gubernato
rial aspirants, and result in a largely
ere ased vote in the electoral college.
is supposed that the measure will
popular among the local politicians
account of the increased n.um,bey pi' of-,
flees, but not among the people, though
it ought to be, for the state is now alto
gether1 too large.
The falling of gold to par has greatly
increased the demand'tor the silver1 d fi
lar. One day last week orders for 30.-
000ofythem were received at the treas
ury department by a single mail, where
as the daily orders thitherto liad not
iveraged in excess of Si 0,000.
The Supreme Court of North Caro
lina, the first session of the new body,
eooivenes in liaLeigli on Monday next,
toe 6th. Oittye.'- Wedjjiesday following .
the Legislature meets, ami on the fol
lowing Tuesday will begin balloting
for a United States Senator.
The latest and most authentic reports
from Gov. HampJonarsB jto the effect.
that he continues itopre hn4 could; j
not reasonably be. expected'toTmake
more rapid advancement than he is to
ward final recovery. ,
Opera on Wheels.
A contract has been signed bv Col.
Mapleson and an ageiit of the Pennsyl
vania Railroad Company, by the terms
of which Her Majesty's Opera Company
is to travel, uuiing ineir proposed tour
of the country, in a manner equal to
that ot the Marquis pt Lorne and the
Princess .Lotnse on their recent lournev
from Halifax to Ottawa. A special train
is to be furnished for the transporta
tion of the entire company of 240 per
sons for the trip of 4.000 miles at a cost
of 15,000. Of this train Col. Mapleson's
private car is to be ,new. and is to be
fitted up and ,furnished in the most
luxurious manner. It will contain a
room, uarn-room, ace. Jtrnally; it will
be as handsome as painter's ahd' gilders"
can make it, and its central panels on,
either side will bear the inscrinti'on.
"Her Majesty's Opera Company." To it
win oe auauneu a Kiicnen and dining
car. Ihree ot the sleeping cars, which
will be refitted for the trip, will be
named Gerster, Roze and Ha.uk. The
entire company will live on the train
during their stay in various eities as
well as when en route. Nine weeks will
be employed in making the circuit.
Escape of Contlcts Personal.
Richmond, Jan. 1 Intelligence was
( received here this evening of the es
cape of ten convicts who were at work
on the James river and Kanawha ca
nal, near Lexington, Va. The prison
ers, who were all whiter -brbke out of
the stockade in which they were con
fined at night. They were fired upon
by the guard but none were so serious
ly hurt as to result in capture,
i Justice Nathan Clifford, of the United
States Supreme' Court, is in Richmond
and win remain several days.
Coughing Up a Bullet.
On the 4th of July, 1863, at the battle
of Gettysburg, Albert Jackson was shot
itJihe Tight lung. ,Tne bullet ,was not
extracted. ? Mr. Jackson recovered and
removed to this coast Yesterday he
,WasaKH!:wiui viuieiu ui oi cogn-
The Letter which He Writes 'to the Tel
ler CommitteeWhat He Says aiid ''
jSMP$flW Be Furnishes
Washington, r January l. The fol-
winjjjBxnpas ttseir: -: . ,
Washington City. Jan. 1st, T9.
To Hon. Hi M. Teller, Chairman of the
Select Committee of Investigation ;
I have the honor to acknowledge the
receipt of yours of the 2lst ult, enclose
ing a copy of the resolution adopted by
stTmsh in writing such facts and such ev
idence as may , be in ; my ; possession
touching the "'matter involved in the
amendment made on my motion tot the
resolution under which the committee
, ut course tne committee
suppose that the matters -em
braced in that amendment are within
my personal knowledge or that ofany
one man. They relate to the elections
in every part of the republic, and the al
legations are to be found for the most
part in the public press. In opening
his speech in support ot his resolution
of December llth. the Senator from
Maine1 distinctly stated that the resolu
tion was based on accounts given in
the press. Well, the press has teemed
with statements wnicn, n true, require
the investigation proposed by j my
amendment, arid as I have no doubt
that the members of the committee
read the papers quite as diligently as I
do, it is probable that they know where
to look tor sources of information as
f ttllv a? I do ; and as they are charged
with the responsibility of making an
investigation, and I am not, I beg leave
respectfully te say that I take no : part
of it on my shoulders. Nevertheless, as
the amendment was ottered in perfect
good faith, and with the firm belief that
the matters it embraces require investi
gation quite, as much as the matters
contained in the original resolution,
it will be proper for me, especially
since the committee has requested it, to
furnish such information touching the
subject as may frorii time to time come
under my observation. I therefore send
herewith installment No. 1, consisting
First. An editorial article cut from
this mornings Washington Post.
Second. A copy of a petition of sixty
odd citizens of New York to the House
of Representatives, complaining of the
illegal and oppressive conduct of John
I. Davenport and other Federal officials
at the late election in New York city,
and am authorized by the Hon. Fer
nando Wood, who presented the peti
tion, to say that its statements are
proved by sundry affidavits in his hands,
and that he will, if requested, furnish
the affiants and other witnesses to the
Third. A copy of n opinion of Judge
Freeeman, touching the rights of cer
tain naturalized citizens of New York,
which rights were grossly violated by
said Davenport, as set forth in said pe
tition. Fourth. I respectfully refer you to
that portion of the speech of Senator
Wallace, (one of your members), deliv
ered in the Senate, December 17th, 1878,
which relates to the last election in
Pennsylvania. See Congressional Re
cord of December 18th, page 28.
Fifth. I also beg leave to refer you
to a published letter of Hon. Wm. D.
Kelly, of Pennsylvania, showing the
means employed by the Federal of
ficials and others to defeat his nomina
tion and election. You have no doubt
seen the letter in the newspapers; if
not, I will have a copy procured for
Sixth. An editorial article from the
Argus and Patriot, a newpaper of
Montpelier, Vt., touching the election
at Bennington in that State.
Seventh. A copy of the President's
civil service order of June 22d, 1877,
and as showing what attention has been
paid to it, and also what means were
resorted to by the Republican congres
sional committee ot 1878, l enclose a
circular of that committee signed by
(Joorge ( '. (iorham, its secretary. This
circular, it is said, was sent to nearly
every person in the ciyil service Of the
government, and to the public contrac
tors and others, having relations with
I am, very repsectfully,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed.) A. G. Thurman
NEW YEAR'S DAT.
Mtigiufivent Reception at the White
House Observance of the
Day in New York.
ASHiNGTON-, January l. The usual
official receptions to-dav were all well
attended. The executive mansion was
thronged with visitors and the resi
dences of the cabinet officers, members
of the diplomatic corps, and many nroin-
uKiiu citizens, were places or very great
iattractign. The reception at the execu
tive mansion began at 11 a. m.. taie first
visitors being members of the diplo
matic corps. No one belonging1 to the
British legation was present as that
legation is in mourning on account of
tne death ot Princess Alice. For the
same reason Sir Edward Thornton did
not- receive callers to-day.. Secretary
Sherman and General Sherman were
aiso prevented, from receiving their
penos oecaiyse of the death, in Ohio,
iciL evening, oi ineir urothefc Judge
Chas. T. Sherman, the father bf Mrs.
The blue parlor at the executive man
swn, in which the reception was held,
presented a magnificent appearance.
Prominent among the diplomatic callers
were the members of the Chinese lega
tion in full court costume. At t o'clock
a,i tci uic iegur umciai reception was
ended, the gates of the White House
were thrown open to the general public.
A snow prevailed throughout the day.
New York, January l. New year's
day and its custom were observed very
generally in this city. Nearly all the
stores and places of business were
The New Orleans MiniThe Teller Committee.'
" "Washington, December 31. The su
perintendent of the New Orleans mint
has arrived at his post. The mint will
be opened in two weeks. The Superin
tendent will then commence the pur
chase of silver bullion in lots not ex
ceeding 10,000 ounces, the price to be
paid being fixed by the Mint Bureau of
the Treasury Department It is expect
ed that in buying silver he will procure
large numbers of Mexican and trade
dollars, especially the former, at the
bullion price fixed here. When lots of
more than io,00 ounces of bullion are
to be purchased for the mint, it will be
done at the regular weekly ; opening
of bids at the treasury. -
The Teller sub-committee have post
poned the time for their departure for
New Orleans from Thursdeyj evening
until Friday morning.
Prospects of Baltimore.
Baltimore, December 31. fThe mar
kets generally closed to-day with a feel
ing of confidence and satisfaction at the
business of the past twelve" months. The
shipments of.wheat f rom thisport have
largely exceeded any-previous year, and
transactions in other grain and produce
have - been satisfactory, 'Bj&smess is
felt to be on a safe footing, and confi
dence' is universal.
Harder and Bobber1.
f Easton, Pa January 1 At 2 o'clock
this morning Christopher Dittler, a citi
zen of this plaice, was shot through the
left lung by an unknown party, robbed
of $100 and thrown down an! embank
ment in the,Bushkill creek, i
Odes "to our delinouent subscribers"
now in order among the weeklies.
There was only one knock-down and
drag-out in Shelby during the holidays.
' They are already preparing' to build
up the waste places in Wilmington.
A Wake county colored woman drop
ped dead of heart disease last Saturday
The Cleaveland Guards shot for a
cake last Friday and Mr,. J. H, Wells
carried off the prize.
There were 226 marriages in Cleave
land county from December 2d, 1877, to
the 1st inst.
They picked up a little seven year old
dead drunk darkey in the streets of
Wilmington Tuesday night.
Col. E. B. Fearington, of Chatham,
died of apoplexy on the streets of Dur
ham last Saturday afternoon.
Hon. M. W. Ransom has accepted an
invitation to deliver the literary address
before Wake Forest College next com
mencement. The Shelby Aurora says that Whita
ker Station, in Cleaveland county, is
improving, and that King's Mountain
will soon have two hotels.
The Shelby J worn learns that some
of the people who have left this section
and gone West are very anxious to re
turn to the Old North State.
Petitions are being circulated for
signers, in various portions of Cleave
land county, asking the next Legisla
ture to give them the stock law.
The Cleaveland Guards now number
twenty uniformed members and some
15 or 20 others are making arrange
ments to procure uniforms.
The free school money disbursed in
Wake county for the year 1878 amount
ed to $22,709 an increase over that of
the year before of $8,667.44,
His old pupils are arranging to re
ceive Gen.ll.E.Colston in form, upon the
occasion ot his early return to. Wil
Young man, how much money have
you spent during tne past year, toonsn
lv ? W ilmington Review. A dollar and
Goldsboro Messenger : A surveying
party have just completed a survey of
Trent river, from Newbern up, and pro
nounce it one of the finest streams they
have seen in the State.
Ex-Judge Albertson, now United
States district attorney for the eastern
district of North Carolina, will hence
forth reside in Raleigh, according to the
Observer, of that city.
"Lemonade Jim" wound up the old
year by capering into the Wilmington
lock-up Wednesday. L. J. is one of
Williamton's most celebrated characters
and we can't enjoy the reading of a Wil
liamton paper which doesn't bring some
news of him.
Shelby Aurora: The members of
State Line Council, F. of T, met at
Whitaker on Christmas day and spread
a bountiful dinner which they enjoyed
"without the aid of wine." Mr. H." K.
Roberts closed his grocery and refused
to sell ay whiskey during the entire
The Star tells how a parcel of people
rushed past the ruins of the late hre in
Wilmington and into the presence of
the mayor, still holding their noses, and
complaining of the stench which arose
from the bodies of the horses which
had been 'burned with the stables.
Joke : The dead horses had been haul
ed off the day after Christmas.
Goldsboro Messenger: A singular ac
cident occurred near Snow Hill, a few
days ago. A worthy young man named
E. D. Little, was thrown from a cart
load of wood by the sudden starting and
running of his mule. He fell between
the wheel and the wood, and would
have been killed, no doubt but by good
fortune, the reins, as he dropped them
in falling, became entangled in the
spokes, and in a fewr revolutions stop
ped the cart He was badlv bruised
and strained in his back.
Wilmington Sun : At the rock quar
ry something ; happened a day or two
since, Which shows that lynch law
knows no color in those who practice
it, and believe in its efficacy. Two ne
groes stole a number of articles be
longing to some of the other laborers
in the works, whereupon the latter pur
sued the thieves and overtook them
with no great difficulty. A gingular
scene then ensued. The two offenders
were hauled up, a court was organized
in regular form, and the culprits were
arraigned, charges were preferred, ar
guments, pro and eon., were made, the
judge delivered his charge to the jury,
and the jury rendered a verdict of guil
ty. This latter was followed by sen
tence, which was Delaware justice, and
"no foolin' thirty-nine well laid on
the bare back.
Raleigh News ; Many stories have
been told of singular habits and prac
tices of animals, but a cat in this city
leads them all for singularity, of fancy.
This strange beast which , in size and
appearance differs in no wise from the
generality of its species, has headquar
ters in the guard house, and is in fact
a police pet Each night at 1 o'clock,
two policemen leave the guard house
to make the rounds of the city. The
cat leaves at the same time, and follows
at their heels during the whole time of
their absence, though it may last some
hours, and will not leave them for an
instant Occasionally one policeman
is followed, when the two take different
directions. The cat has several times
gone with them out of town, and
never seems to grow weary of these
night tramps, but is always ready when
the hour comes, and no clock could bet
ter indicate the time than this watchful
Few people who see bananas hang
ing in fruit dealers' shops think of them
as more than a tropical luxury. In fact,
they are a staple article of food in some
parts of the world; and according to
Humboldt, an acre of bananas produce
as much food for a man as twenty-five
acres of wheat. It is the ease with
which bananas are grown that is the
great obstacle to civilization in some
tropical countries. It is so easy to get
a living without work that no effort
will ever be made, and the men become
lazy and intolerably shiftless. All that
is needed is to stick a cutting into the
ground. It will ripen its fruit in
twelve or thirteen months without fur
ther care, each plant having from seventy-five
to one hundred and twenty ba
nanas; and when that dies down, after
fruiting, new shoots spring up and take
its place. In regions where no fost ev
er reaches bananas are found in all
stages of growth, ripening their fruit
every day and every month in the vear.
Death of Judge Chas, T. Sherman.
Cleveland, January t Judge
Chas. T. Sherman, formerly i United
States judge of this district, died sud
denly this morning. He was a brother
of Secretary and General Sherman.
Proposed Great Celebration at Moscow,
Moscow, January 1,-A grand na-
?nai ubtj2? win be "eld here in
1880, which will probably be accompa
medjby great festivities, as it will be
the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Em
peror s access, ion to the throne, '
THE FOTTES COMMITTEE.
InteitNiiiiK Ttvi.uioLyakrtiliifjJa in New
New? Orleans. December ai. The
Potter Sub-committee met thjs morn
ing. Present :;JIoh: Clarksori N. Tot
ter, chairman, and ex-Gov. Cox.
Oscar Arroyo;$ecretary of State, pro
HiipptI th records Of his office relating
to the election of 1876. J G. Peslinde,
Secretary of jtatundej Jgg. ..testi
fied toatiixing fhis iignitMej te rst
spr. nf Republican electoral certificates.
collect signing any secouu seu. uutms
Christmas week. Witness also testified
that he furnished to Gov. Kellogg dur
ing August '76, a blank commission fojr
supervisors of registration and. clerks,
to be used by George L. Smith, the pre
sent collector of this port, white run
ning tor Congress in the fourth dis
trict - '' -1
Judge Billings, of the United States
District Court testified to a request
having been made upon him to return
the first set of Republican certificates,
as it was alleged that they were inform
al. Judge Billings declined to grant
the grant, and subsequently p. second
set was handed him.
Messrs. Raymond. Lloyd and Malo-
ney, clerks in a carpet house here, tesr
nripn r,n navinir 111111111 in Liieii siuic uu
September 19 a bundle of documents,
left there by and addressed to Mrs. Ag
nes Jenks. These documents were, pro
duced before the committee. The most
important was one purporting to be the
"alleged original Sherman1 letter."
Chairman Potter madesa- statement to
the press to the effect that.- these, docu
ments had been dropped by Mrs. Jenks
for the purpose of imposing upon the
committee. He declared that the so-
called copy of the "Sherman letter" was
DESTRUCTIVE FIRE IX CHARLESTON,
Heavy Losses in Cotton, Presses and
Buildings. '' .
Chakleston, S. C, January 1 At 3
o'clock this morning the large cotton
press and warehouses of the Union Cot
ton Press Company were destroyed by
fire, together with 10,121 bales of cotton.
The property comprised four cotton
presses with a capacity of pressing about
2,500 bales of cotton per diem and stor
age room for over 10,000 bales. Only
two of the presses were running. The
buildings and presses are valued at
about $100,000 insured for: $60,000, as
follows: In New York companies, for
$12,000; San Trancisco, $2,000; Hartr
ford, $3,000 ; Franklin and Philadelphia,
$4,000; Foreign companies, $17,000;
Charleston, $12,000. The loss on cotton
is estimated at $475,000. On this there
is an insurance to the amount of $472,-
The losses are KnoopVJioneman &
Co., 8,305 bales insured for $155,000; J.
H. Hale & Co., 5,888 bales, insured for
$267 ,000; Street Paas, 839 bales, insured
for $46,500; G. M. PalHtzer, 83 bales, in
sured for $3,500; Pelzer, Rodgers & Co.,
6 bales, insured for $250.
Several frame buildings in the neigh
borhood were damaged to the amount
of about $8,000, most of which is cover
ed by insurance. The fire was the work
of an incendiary. A man was hailed by
the watchman a few moments before
the fire was discovered running from
the place where the flames started.
The watchman shot at him but he es
caped. Terrible ConfljKra'ww in CuarUtou.
Chaileston News and Courier, of yesterday, 1st
At 3 o'clock this morning a fire broke
out in Union Cotton Press, on Eafst Bay
north of Market street, and in an in
credibly short space of time, not only
the whole immense shed and the cotton
there stowed was in a bJaze. but the
buildings between them and Market
street were thought to be doomed.
At the hour of going to press the fire
was still burning, the reflection of the
great blaze on the ove: hanging clouds
giving the appearance of the whole city
being on fire.
Saved from the Souder.
Providenck, K. Im January 1 Mrs.
Crosby, now at Newport, has telegraph
ic information that her son, Rutgers
Crosby, was with the captain on the raft
that put aft from the steamer Emily B.
The French Assembly and Ministry.
London, Januarv 1. The Times'
Paris dispatch says: "Though the com
ing elections do not endanger theeabi
net, the ministers have perceived that
they ought to ask a kind of reinstate
ment from the new majority, which re
quest will be submitted at the opening
of the session and which will insist that
no reform shall be adopted without full
H08ts,Qt People are Martyrs
To sick headache, that infallible symptom of a
disordered stomach, liver and bowels. Many suffer
from it as many as three or four times a week.
They do so needlessly, for Hosteller's Stomach
Bitters, by toning the digestive organs and regula
ting the bowels and liver, removes, the, cause, and
dispels the painful symptom. The intimate sym
pathy between the brain and the abdominal region
causes the slightest disorder affecting the latter to
be reflected, as it were, in the organ of thought
The reform instituted by the Bitters when, the di
gestive, secretive and evacuatlve functions are in a
state of chaos, has other and more beneficial re
sults, viz., the complete nutrition of the whole
physical economy, the restoration of appetite and
repose, and an Increase in the power of the system
to resist diseases of a malarial type.
CHARLOTTE PRODUCE MARKET.
DECEMBER 31, 1878.
New, per bdle. $2.25
ISpllced, " ilfe
Bagging, per lb Il!4al2li
Corn, per bush'l A140a4
OAsheaed, ::::: Si
"-y-: - 1 lal 1
Time xtio. 16al6
ooo- ... 13al,
Sugar-house , . 25
g New Orleans v . . ! . , . 4550
giWverpool fine 1.00a2.00
Potatoes ' 0
North Carolina. , . -toyaon
ll ' - .. ... a0Oa8.50
. " 2,7888.00-
Super ..... . j . . , . . . . . , 2.25ag
CITY COTTON MARKET?
Office oir the Observer, i '
Charlotte, January 2" 1879. f '
Ojod middling ." '...4. '..it r.uu,'
"vh IU1UU1 1 Algg . .. "
Tinges ;,...;.,...'.;."'" '- psin-
'F,"- . ""Tin, .ii j j 1 - . I . . L . 1 i' TI7:
8ad stains,.. ...... - I
A oHseiHttoa for New Ierr
IRanv' nn fha MihnnM nf nn tPflr. form new
resolutions M good eonduct to be & '-'"-'l enma
the coming jfeir. One of tne befit tormliuiUoLa
is to trj.PU lair means oi securing q cuuipeveuiy u
Utile eost, and theeftslesfc ,bm and. most attractive
Sethod is to send? at ofte to JL A;iDauphinJi..
ix 6H2, New Orleans, (two ioltara gndeeure
chance in the 104th famd "motitbly JdrawtrgfW
the Lpaisiapy StAte Lottersgwhkife itesI)o at
New ajrleStfc one Tfiesday. JauiiarrtWi,
187(C Here all is honestly conducted, and there
te nob thing known as the postponement of
the drawing or scaling of the liberal list of prizes
It makes no difference how many nnysielansol
how much medicine you have tried, It Is now art ei
tablished facLthalfiennan SBJailm anil ieoi
a whiAhtiaa oivM) i oiininletft wiQsfacuon in severe
cases oi tung iJjseases. u is uut, lucm mc j
thousands oh pvsgmftmntn IdisnOMa ite
Throat and "Lung Affecflons, (Consumption, ffem
orrhaws Asthma. Revere Colds settled on tne
Breast. Pneumonia, wptt Jouglii -&e4 who
Tiave no personal knowledge of Boschee's German
Syrup. To such we would say that 50,000 dozen
were sold last year without one complaint Con;
sumptives try Just one bottlettegular-size 75
cents. Sold by all druggists in America.
Every Moment's Wonderful Work,
Every moment that we live the work of destruc
tion never ceases among what is scientifically call
ed "the tissues" of which our bodies are composed.
Every moment, if we are in health, the work of re
pairing this destructive process goes on with equal
pace.- When the vital force is great, more vigor is
given to the blood and muscular fibre than the or
dinary wear and tear of existence uses up. When
the vital force falls from any cause, there ensues a
wasting away, which If not arrested; ends in decay
and death. Physicians all declare that when these
symptoms of decline set In. the only certain reme
dy la Cod Liver Oil. But their natients. with al
most equal unanimity, say that Cod Liver Oil is "so
nasty." tney eannotiiaiieiiMiiineoiuy rawurw kji
is to obtain Seott's Emulsion of the Oil with the
iHypophosphitesof Lime and Soda. This is alto-
tner rree rrom msagreeaoie rasie auu uui , mm
an unequalled tonic, for the nerves and brain
OJJftDlEBWiEit). : :
Mrs. C. H. Elms,, corner of & and Fifth streets,
can accommodate a few more boarders with or
without rooms, at moderate rates. Apply at the
aODKQD MUSICAL CLUB The members of
this club are notified to meet this evening at 8
o'clock sharp, at the rooms of the Young Hen's
Christian Association. A fuU attendaneev te'desir
ed. i R. H. ALDBICH,
Jan2 It Secretary.
WANTED AT ONCE A flrstrclass machine op
erator at M. Llchtenstein's. No other need
FR BENT--A comfortable 3 room house, cor
ner Ninth arid Pine streets. Apply to Mrs. J.
W. Abemathy. -jan2tf
rWE FOUR REVIEWS
g LACK WOOD.
Authorized reprints of-
The Edinburgh Review (Whig),
The' Westminster Review (Liberal),
The 'Loudon Quarterly Review (Conservative)
The British Quarterly Review (Evangelical),
These reprints are not selections; they give the
. originals in full, and at about one-third The price of
the English editions.
- No publications can compare with the leading
"British periodicals above-named, reprinted by the
"Leonard Scott Publishing Company. In respect to
fidelity of research, accuracy of statement, and pu
rity of style, they are without any equ&L They keep
pace with modern thought discovery, experiment,
and achievement whether in religion, scienee, lit
erature, or art The ablest writers nil their pages
with most interesting reviews of history, and with
an Intelligent narration of the great events of the
TERMS FOB 1879 (INCLUDIKG POSXAGEp:
Payable strictly in advance.
For any one Review, S 4 00 per annum.
For any two Reviews, 7 00 "
For any three Reviews 10 00 "
For all four Reviews, 12 00 "
For Blackwood's Magazine, 4 00 "
For Blackwood and one Review, .7 00 "
For Blackwood and two Reviews 10 00 "
For Blackwood and three " 13 00
For Blackwood and four " 15 00
This item of expense, now borne by the publish
ers, is equivalent to a reduction of 20 per scent, on
the cost to subscribers in former years.
A discount of twenty per cent will be allowed to
clubs of four or more persons. Thus: four copies
of Blackwood or of one Review will be sent to one
address, for $12.80, four copies of the four Re
views and Blackwood for $48, and so oni
' . PREMIUMS. ;
New subscribers (applying early) for the year
1879 may have, without charge, the numbers for
ihe last quarter of 1879 of such periodicals as they
may subscribe for. .
Ot, instead, new subscribers to any two, three or
four of the above periodicals, may have one of the
" Four Reviews" lor 1878; subscribers to all five
may have two of the "Four Reviews," or one set of
Blackwood's Magazine for 1878.
Neither premiums to subscribers nor discount to
clubs can be allowed unless the money is remitted
direct to the publishers. No premiums given to
To secure prenrhrms 1t win be necessary to make
early application, as the stock available for that
purpose is limited. , , . . j -
Reprinted by . . - '
THE LEONARD SCOTT PUBLISHING CO.,
. 41 Barclay Street New York
-Next door to Wilson & Burwell's drugstore,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Holton's Building, Trade Street, Up Stairs.
Owing to the stringency. the times I will In fu
ture work very cheap 'Will make fine Butts for
$10, Casslmere-suits for $8. Pants of suits same
rates. I guarantee all my work ;no lit no charge.
Give me a call and be convinced.
Having purchased a nice line of Tobacco, at the
I am prepared to offer extra inducements to buy
ers. Can early. THOS. H. GAITHER.
CITY PROPERTY FOR SALE.
-Any person desiring to purchase a well improved
City Lot House with nine rooms, and modern con
veniences, fine well of water, brick kitchen, within
five minutes walk of the public square, can be ac
commodated by applying at
dectS . THIS OFFICE.
FEE SIMPLE DEEDS,
MOST APPROVED FORM.
Just Printed and For Sale at the
TOCK FOR SALE.
One nair Mules fm.itr.hpsi
Two Ayreshlre Bulls, 8 years old, $50 and $60.
One South Down Buck (sired by Imported Prince
Arthur, cost 60 guineas in England.) $2& t . , , .
Berkshire Plgl; $10 ppiutr ' !
Thorotjghbred&or nl , s ,,1
This stock win be sold on time to responsible
parties. This s ock can be seen at any time at
Enderly Stock Farm, two miles west of Charlotte.
. or particulars, address Dr. W. J. Hayes, Char
lotte, N. C. .f S. B. ALEXANDER.
' anliw4w ',1 i?j ifWl i
Democrat-and Home piease-eopH ' :i '' "
JjMDR'RENT, LEASE or SALE,
At Davidson College, N. C.
... . . .
Some dwelling houses, la
some dwelling houses, large, and smalL
Tbe Boargepispand Minlpn type on which this
paper was lately printed.," It was made by v the old
Johnson type foundry, ftJPMattepiisg wai
not discarded because fohger m for useTb&t
ty because it became necessary to use a different
style of type. (jPpl?KS
asers, and . to fonts of JQ ffiimu58fwlt6 ot
without eases. Aldressy; i';5)bserver7
.&. 1,1 .-u Cnalotte.N7&
S.'"T. ' t 1
44 FINE KN1VES
- FINE KNIVE8-
TO E FOUlsD IN NOETH CAROLINA.
( i X . ,
) i' ! AT
wAL.rjLit BKKirs, Agent.
T BEECH-LOADING GUNS,
MUZZLE LOADING GUNS,
PISTOLS AT ALL PRICES, AT-
WALTER BREM'S, Agent.
LL KINDS OF
5HEAP FOR CASH, AT THE STORE OF
WALTER BREM, Agent,
Central Hotel Building, cor. Trade and Tryon Sts.
H. T. BUTLER-.s
Stove ftnd Hardware House for
OF ALL KINDS.
Buy your COOK STOVES .from me, as I have 1 -J.
good reasons why they will do your work Quick and
Easy, Cheap and Clean :
They are cheapest to buy.
They are best to use.
They bake evenly and quickly.
Their operation is perfect.
They always have a good draft.'
They are made of the best material.
They roast perfectly.
They require but little fuel.
They are very low priced.
They are easily managed.
They are suited to all localities.
Every Stove is guaranteed to give satisfaction
clatclxcs and gexttelrtj.
JUST IN TIME.
. i .'
We have just received a fine selection of 'such
Goods as you want for
I CHRISTMAS PRESENTS,
Such as fine Lockets and Chains,
A " '. " '
Fine Sets, Seal Rings, Initial Cuff Buttons, Scarf
Pins aKd anything in the line you may want.
CALL AND SEE THEM. Mi
p--HALES A FABRIOR.-
From Paris, France,
WATCH and CLOCK MAKER, GILDER and SIL
Trade Street, opposite First Presbyterian Church,
I Nat Gray Store.
Every kind of repairs made at once at half 'price
and warranted one year.. Every kind of Jewelry or
Bronze Gilding, Coloring. SUver-PIating and Gal
vanizing made at short notice and equally as good
as new: Work done for the trade at low prices.
t3& Apprentice wanted, with premium and good
Merchants & Farmers' National Bank.
Charlotte, N. C., Dec 24, 1878.
The Board of Directors nave this day declared a
semi-annual dividend of four per cent in gold coin
payable to stockholders or order, on the 2nd day of
January, 1879. J. R. HOLLAND,
dec25 till jan 2d Cashier,
RESH ARRIVALS, FOR SALE, WANTED.
J.VP WACO vyiMV10, tJ WACD VUUIW S) O
ter Crackers, 5 boxes Family washing Soap, largest
10c bars in the city.
Also 1 fine Milch Cow and one medium qual I
Cow with young calf, for sale low.
, 500 dozen PARTRIDGES WANTED.
;deeWr B. N. SMITH.
p-OTICE. ' '
Charlotte, Columbia & Augusta Railroad Co., 1
Columbia, & C, December 28th, 1878. )
Y , The coupons of bonds of this company, which
tional Bank of Columbiai S. C
J. C. B. SMITH,
i 1 1 .-. in
Merchants & Farmers' National Bank. 1
Charlotte, if. p., December 19, 18?8. i
The annual meeting of the stockholeers of this
bank will be held at their Banking. Houses in this
eit. on Tuesday, the 14th January, 1879, at 12
0'elDCk. MT t .'J. B, HOLLAND,
dec2ld ; Cashier.
few table boarders at low rates, by
Andrews, ppiy w.
"W.t.iiJ XtiQV' 1
uevuuie uue on ine isi 01 January, ioiw, wiu vk,
paid in New York City and at the First National
Bank of Chftrtntta m yf and at the Central Na
1 s !