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0 / 75
Caitor nd Proprietor
"Fwe iron tM totatg nipiea tost fetter out
SATURDAY, JANUAB Y 4, 1879.
THK OBSEuVfll A3D JTBGE ITJffH.
" Ve havVread with no small degree
of SOTtrrfse an editorial article in the
Greensboro New North Stale, of yesto
day, criticising The Observer for its
comments upon tlie recent lynching
near Mooresville of the negro murder
er of Mr. W. G. Fowler. The North
State has read this journal to little pur
pose if it has not learned before this
time that It is always on the side of law
andordepand of the enforcement of
justice only by the properly constituted
authorities ; it has read this journal to
no purpose at all, for two weeks past, if
it has not learned from it that it de
plored the recent violence of the ieople
of Iredell and told therathat only evil
could come of the example which
they had set. The first editorial article
which appeared in this paper on the sub
ject under discussion opened with the
following language :
We believe lynching to be a bad and a
dangerous practice. The effects of
lynch law are far-reaching; if is a law
subject to nothing but its own will, and
it cannot be defended.
In the face of the above lauguage the
North State says :
But it is a matter for profound regret
that a respectable journal, claiming to
lie par excellent conservative, and
boasting that it represents that portion
of the people of this State who are in
the habit of arrogating to themselves
the title of law-abiding citizens"
should openly advocate and encourage
a resort to the violent methods of Judge
Lynch for the punishment of crime
methods which are sure to degrade and
brutalize the white mob which resorts
to them rather than await the action
of the legally constituted courts of law.
which are almost entirely in the con
trol of the Democratic party and have
hitherto been swift to ' visit with con
dign punishment the slightest infrac
tion of law by a colored man.
The Observer has just simply done
none of the things with which it is here
charged. We. ask the North State to
reproduce a single word or sentence
from this paper which gives it warrant
for saying that we "openly advocate and
encourage a resort to the violent meth
ods of Judge Lynch." In its intemper
ate desire to work up a little political
capital it permits its zeal to outrun both
its judgment and its regard far the facta
andattributes to The Observer senti
ments which we have never expressed
and never entertained. The North
St-ate is not treating this question with
the fairness which we say to its credit
usually marks its discussion of pub
lic questions. Surely it must have
given our lynch law editorial a very
cursory glance, for from some cause or
other it has certainly assumed to have
been an apology what we offered only
ai an explanation. Starting out with
the deprecatory language quoted al ove,
we added that notwithstanding lynch
law was a great evil, it, could be under
stood why it was that it was under some
circumstances resorted to. We pro
ceeded then-to a' statement of what we
conceived to be ths reasons why it is
that the populace sometimes takes the
execution of the law in its own hands,
and the North State, forsxth ! seizes
"nnon. these reasons, charges us with
offering them as a satisfactory- excuse
for the lynching; of Davidson, and with
a recklessness bonr of partisan venom,
unfurls the bloody shirt, exposes its
folds to the new year sun and waves it
with a violence at once extraordinary
Warming up with it work, the North
State recurs to the killing of ..a negro in
a saloon in this city, two or three
months ago, by a young white man
named Priester a homicide which was
afterwards declared to be entirely justi
fiable; one which the Novth State
knows to have been justifiable
if it knows anything at all about it,
and one of which it should say nothing
unless it does know something. Im
pelled by a morbid desire to get a De
mocratic paper on record as a friend of
lawlessness, the North State writer says:
When the bloody corpse of this mur
dered colored man was found lying up
on the steps of the saloon and suspicion
Eointed at Priester, The Observer
reathed not a hint of Judge Lynch,
but preserved a mysterious and signifi
cant reticence till the criminal had
time to tnakegood his escape.
Let us pk . at the facts: Suspicion
never pomtea to Jrnester. The public
had not the slightest idea who commit
ted the homicide until thirty-six liours
after it was done, and probably itfnever
would have been known had not the
young man's two companions, prompt
ed by a sentiment which we have no
idea the North State will be able to un
derstand, came forward and made
known the full facts, relating to their
own connection with the case, when
they learned that an innocent
man, a negro, had been arrest
ed on suspicion and lodged in jail.
Regarding this case we are told that
The Observer "preserved a mysteri
ous and significant reticence till the
criminal had time to make' good his eg-C-ipe.?
This is not the case. The shoot
ing took place about l o'clock in the
morning. At breakfast time the same
morning the North State and other
Greensboro people read an account of
St, 1ut by this time Priester, although
unknown as the slayer to any except
his two .companions, who were them
tetees unknown, was beyond the State'
line and safely out of harm s way.
p The sophistries . and misrepresenta
'tions ofthe New North State are so
easily exposed that there is nothing to
irive interest to; this d iscussion. We
drop it just here,, conscious of having
already -Wasted too much ammunition.
be jomes plenty'- says the New York
San, that the sight of a gold dollar
is no lofiget a popular wonder, mea-
! fldtesshouiae . taken to withdraw this
coin from circulation.- Coul&all the
'cases be catalogued Jn : which gold dol
lars, haYe. been paid away by mistake
for cent?, and all those in which they
Ike where the same' nioney in' larger
. rf, would nave.neea
A U rtrmniia. Gold COlfiS Of f 0
XtT;TiAA nf more COuVenieui imwoj
HI1U U1W t.
CBAS. Rr J05ES
HEATH OF JIOS. CALEB CUSHDI6.
Hon. Caleb Cnshing died . at his resi
dence at Xewburyport, Mass, Thurs
1 day night at 11.41 o'clock, Mr. Gushing
I was one of the ablest , and most distin-.
, guished men of the nation. He was born
! in Massachusetts in January, 1800, and
' was therefore just 79 years old at the
time of his death. He read law and
i . 1. A. 4 1. n Vmv
soon uecame prominent at me
and as a writer upon historical and
legal topics. He began his political life
when 25 years of age as a member of
the Massachusetts Legislature. In 1835
he was elected to Congress and served
four consecutive terms. In early life
he was a Republican, but afterwards
became a Whig, and during the admin
istration of John Tyler joined the
Democratic party. In 1S43 he was
nominated by Mr. Tyler for secretary of
the treasury but the nomination was
rejected by the Senate. The same year
he was appointed commissioner to
China, and it was he who negotiated
the first treaty between the United
States government and the Emperor of
China. Returning home he was ap
pointed colonel of a regiment then
forming to go to the Mexican war, and
soon after his arrival at the seat of war
received the.appointment of brigadier
general. While the Mexican war was yet in
progress he was nominated as the
Democratic candidate for Governor of
Massachusetts but was defeated. In
1852 he was appointed a justice of the
Supreme Court of his native State,
which position his occupied until in
vited by President Pierce, the following
year, to become his attorney-general.
He retired from this position in 1857.
During the late war Mr. Cushing was a
unionist and a Republican, and during
President Grant's first term after the
war he was appointed and served as
United States minister to Spain, a coun
try for which he had acquired a strong
attachment during his eaily travels in
Europe. Since his retirement from
that position he has occupied no public
station. Mr. Cushing was for some
time a resident of Virginia, and last
summer, when the nomination for at
torney-general of Massachusetts on the
Butler ticket was offered him, a ques
tion was raised as to his eligibility on
account of non-sufficiency of residence
Massachusetts, and he declined to
The Massachusetts House of Repre
sentatives yesterday passed resolutions
of respect for the memory of the de
ceased. FEUiS THE LIGHT.
The Greensboro New North State
throws cold water on the project of
holdinir a convention of Northern ret
tiers in the South, in this city on ihe
15th inst. As a matter of course the
North State and all others of its ilk op
pose this movement at heart, but we
had supposed it had more astutenes
than to openly confess its fears of hav
ing the truth told. Itsopiosition to tl.is
conventh n amounts to an admission of
the falsity of the charges which have
been so often made as to the insecurity
of the lives, the property arul the liber
ties of Northern men who come South
to settle. Now what objection can the
Greensboro .New North State or any
body else urge why this convention
should not le held? Who is there to
say it is porposed to pack this conven
tion in a certain interest V The invita
tion to Northern settlers is general and
indiscriminate. No other class can at
tend and all these have been asked and
besought to come. Who dare say that
this convention, when once assembled,
will misrepresent, the facts as to the
situation oi the So'uth V Those invited
are not asked to come committed, nor
are they askeJ in advance to pledge
themselves to any particular set of ut
terances, and the North State pays the
Northern men residing South a very
poor compliment in its intimation that
this convention, soon to meet here, can
be whedled into the declaration of any
set of opinions that any sharper may
wish to send out under its authority.
We wish to put the New North Stale
fairly on record in this matter. This
record will be of value for future ref
erence. It doesn't believe in having the
light turned on. If the people North
are to be enlightened regarding the
South, it prefers to enlighten (!) them
itself. It fears that if this convention
meets, its story will be rather a differ
ent one from its own, and then it (the
newspaper) will appear at a disadvan
tagewill have had the stuffing knock
ed out of it in fact.
Nigger in the woodpile; see him V
Coffee Instead of Spirits. New
York is improving. The Sun says
there was a marked absence of spirit
uous liquors on the New Year's tables
in that city, fragrant coffee being the
ruling beverage. The substitution of
coffee for wines, egg-nog, etc., on these
occasions, is an insidious thrust at the
custom of New Year calling, by means
of which it will, if persisted in, be
brought speedily into disuse. Let the
callers set down calmly and examine
themselves their hearts and their
stomachs and then answer honestly if
they are prepared to submit to this in
Maine with a Democratic Gover
nor. Maine must feel oddly enough if
she has had time to realize that she
once more has a Democratic Governor
At the election in that State last sum
mer, there be.ing three candidates for
Governor, there was no election by the
people, and it went to the Legislature.
The Democrats and Greenbackers of
that body formed a coalition, and the
result was the election of Hon. Alonzo
Garcelon, who was the Democratic can
didate for Governor before the people.
The other new State officers, elected ly
the Legislature, are Democi ats and
Christian Reid writes even more
delightful poetry than prose. We
have never seen "a . poem from
her pen that was not very far
above mediocrity, and she has neyer
written a morecharming oneior one in
which shone more , of the elements of
true poetry, than that which is rrinted
o'ht page of this morning
i vijkjsuy j-k
Our Anson correspondent, gives in
formation of the organization of anew
party in that county, and a statement
of the platform of principles upon which
it proposes to battle. It is clear .that
this. is only the old enemy, in disguise.
It will deceive qobody and frighten no
body; still, it will be well enough for
our i'ee uee lrienas to Keep an eye
Sudden and Severe Cold Snai) Ther
mometer Changes Travel Im
New York, January 3. The follow
ing reports of the condition and chang
es of the thermometer tor the past 2-1
hours have been received by the
signal office: Ureckenridge thermome
ter 24 below, risen 5 ; Chevenne 10 be
low, fallen 10; North Platte 8 below,
risen 5; Omaha 20 below, fallen 2; St
Paul 13 below, fallen 11 ; Leavenworth
13 below, fallen 1 ; St. Louis 8 below,
fallen 2; Chicago 13 below, risen 1;
Indianapolis 15 below, fallen 12; Cin
cinnati 9 below, fallen 18; Detroit 11
below, fallen 16; Louisville 6 below,
fallen 16 ; Nashville 1 below, fallen 14;
Pittsburg 11 below, fallen 37 ; Buffalo
3 above, fallen 20; Knoxville, Tenn.
2 above, fallen 30 ; New York 2 below,
Buffalo, January 2. The thermom
eter here is 3 degrees above zero. It is
snowing hard, and the wind is blowing
at the rate of 40 miles an hour. Rail
roads are blocked.
Neav York, January 3 The sudden
and severe cold snap has greatlv dam
aged travel this morning, in and out of
the city. The Jersey ferries are impe
ded by great masses of ice on the New
York side and the boats are running
Elizabeth, N. J., January 3. A
brakeman named Opdyke was frozen to
death while coming down on a central
railroad freight train from Easton. A
man is also reported as having been
frozen on a North Pennsylvania freight
train, while going over the central di
vision. Chicago, January 3. The tempera
ture after midnight gradually lowered
until this morning the mercury stood
at 22 degrees below zero in exposed
places in the citv. Several cases of
freezing are reported but only one fa
tal. Reports from points in the north
west show that the cold is continued
and severe, with the thermometer re
cording from 15 to 30 degrees below ze
ro. Trains are delayed on all the roads
but no accidents of importance have oc
curred. The poor are suffering consid
erably, but active efforts are being
made by the relief society to relieve the
destitution and discomfort.
Result or the Moffett Register Opera
tions in Virginia.
Richmond, January 3. The General
Assembly re-assembled to-day. There
was no quorum in the House. The pro
ceedings in both branches were unim
portant. Auditor Taylor sent in his re
port of the operations of the Moffett
liquor law, showing the total receipts
from the time of its commencement to
be $472,834, being an excess of $210,(538
over the assessments of the preceding
year, which, after deducting the rebates
allowed under the law leaves a net bal
ance of 110,761 in excess of the old law.
The auditor says the result of the expe
riment shows clearly that the law is
capable of being made a most powerful
agency for raising revenue, and sug
gests a number of modifications and
changes to that end. t
Loss or Lire by the Bursting or a Gun.
London, January 3. The following
telegram has been received from Admi
ral Hornby, commanding the British
Heet in the Sea of Marmora: "Oneot
the :;s-ton guns of the turret ship Thun
derer burst this morning (Januarv 2d)
killing Lieuts. Coker and Daniel two
petty officers, four seamen and a marine.
The gun burst just in front of the trim
ion's muzzle, blowing overboard. The
gim had just been tired with a battering
charge, but when it burst it was loaded
with a lull charge and an empty skill.
A boatj-wain and 32 men were wound
ed, 12 of them very badly. The turret
was disabled but the ship otherwise is
Another Snow btorm in Gotland.
London, Jan. 3. A Dundee corres
pondent writing last night,say : "A fresh
snow storm has commenced in Scot
land. It is falling heavilv, and it is not
unlikely that there will be a renewal of
the railway blockade in the north.
The frost is as keen as ever and the air
piercingly cold. All out-door labor,
which had been partially resumed, has
again been interrupted."
Organization or the Illinois Legislature
Chicago, 111., Januarv 3 The
State Legislature completed its or
ganization yesterday. Hon. James
P. Maxwell, of Boulder, was elected
president pro tern of the Senate, and
liienzi Streeter, of Boulder countv, was
chosen Speaker of the House." The
governor's message will he submitted
Strike or Pennsylvania Miners.
Pottsvillk, Pa., January 3. A strike
occurred at Luke Tidier colliery, one of
the Mineral Railroad and Mining Com
pany's mines at Shainakin, this morn
ing, because of a reduction of the wages
of employes. This colliery has been in
operation all season, employing 325 men
and boys, while a great inahv other col
lieries have been idle.
Gen. Grant Reaches Dublin.
London, January 3. Gen. Giant ar
rived in Dublin this morning accom
panied by Minister Noves. He was
met by the lord mayor. There was no
Second Dispatch. Gen. Grant has
been presented with the freedom of the
city of Dublin. He has visited the
public institutions and other places i
An Advertisement for Spendthrift.
I Cincinnati, Jan.
3. A Louisville
uisnaicn savs mat (
W. Bathorate. of
Jerome Park, purchased, on Tuesday,
the famous twoflyear-old, Spendthrift
paying $15,000 arid 25 per cent, of his
winnings in 1879.1
No Decrease in Scarlet Fever In New
New York, Jan. 3. There has been
no decrease of scarlet fever during the
present week. The number of cases re
ported at the sanitary bureau show so
far a probable increase over last week.
Pardon oi t ommunlsts.
London, January 3. The Paris cor
respondent of tlie Times says: "Full
pardon has been granted totwrenty-fonr
communist exiles in New Caledonia
for their services; against the insurgents
inthat colony." h
Overflow in trenca Rivers.
London, Jan. f 3. The Paris cn res
pondent of the Daily Telegraph, says the
rivers continue to rise in consequence of
t'.ie rapid thaw,Jthe Rhone, Seine and
liOire being iamong the rivers princi
pally affected. IThe Aube has over
flowed its banks in the direction of
Election of a Democratic Governor and
K a Fusion State Ticket. " :
Augusta, Me., Jan. 3. The House;
having choeir the names of Joseph I
Smith and Alonzo Garcelon as candi-"
dates to be sent to the Senate for Gov
ernor, in the Senate a committee of
three was appointed to receive, sort
and count tL e votes for Governor. Tbt y
reported as follows: The whole num
ber of votes cast was 31 ; necessary to a
choice 16 ; Alonzo Garcelon had 21 and
Joseph L. Smith had 10. Every Repub
lican Senator voted for Garcelon. The
president 1 then averred that Alonzo
Garcelon, of Lewiston, had been elect
ed Governor for the current political
At a convention of both branches of
the Legislature to-day for the election
of State officers, the nominees of the
Democratic-Greenback caucus were
elected as follows:
Secretary of State, Edward II. Gove,
of Biddeford; State Treasurer, Chas. A.
White, of Gardiner; Attorney-General.
AVm. A. McLellan, of Belfast ; Adjutant
General, Sani'l D. Leavitt.
"Washington, January 3. Charles
Francis Adams, Jr., has resigned as a
government director of the I'nion Pa
cific Midland Company.
It is expected that the Secretary of
the Treasury will to-morrow issue an
other call for the redemption of $10,000,
000 of 5.20 bonds of 18(57.
Senators Teller, Cameron, of Wiscon
sin, Kirkwood, Bailey and Garland, con
stituting the subcommittee of investi
gation, appointed under the Blaine reso
lution, left Washington this morning
direct for New Orleans.
The Department of Justice was to
day draped in mourning as a mark of
respect to the late Caleb Cushing.
Yesterday's Fire Record.
Alu any, N. Y., Jan. 3 The Dela
ware & Hudson canal company's rail
road depot at Rousis' point was burned
Columbus, Ga., Jan. 3. The roof of
C. A. Radd & Co's grocery and J. M.
Estes' shoe store, was burned off at 1
o'clock this morning. Damage to the
buildings and stock SG,M. Fully in
sured. Chicago, Jan. 3. Dempster Hall, at
Evanstown, 111., was burned to the
ground last night. The loss is .$25,000;
insurance, $2,000. This building was
the theological home of a large number
of Methodist ministers of the northeast,
being a branch of the Evanstown Uni
versity at Denver, Colorado.
Quincy, III., Jan. 3. The new First
Presbyterian church of this city was
completely destroyed by tire last night.
Loss 00,000. The church was to have
been dedicated next Sunday. The tire
caught from the heating apparatus.
The Cabinet Discussing Finances and
Washington, Jan. 3. The cabinet
to-day dev oted much attention to finan
cial affairs. The question of refunding
the national debt was discussed as the
principal financial aim of the treasury
now that specie resumption h;us been
accomplished. The large increase in
the subscriptions to the four per cent
bonds was considered a good indication
of the success in the consummation of
such measure. The Chinese question
was briefly discussed and in accordance
with the recommendation of the con
current resolution adopted by the
Senate and House of Representatives at
the last session, it was decided that the
Secretary of Slate should open formal
negotiations with the Chinese govern
ment for modification of the Burh'i g une
treaty with a view to placing its ac
tions upon Chinese immigration to this
Mexico Paying Her Di bts.
Washington, Jan. 3 TheJJexiean
government has made arrangement for
the payment of the third installment.
$300,000, of the indemnity to American
citizens, due this month. The previous
instalments are being distributed. The
state department is now engaged in the
examination of the Weil and.LaArbe
awards, involving about a million and
a half of dollars' to the payment, of
which the Mexican government ob
jected on account of alleged frauds,
and which awards by a law of Con
gress we.ie excepted from distribution
until they could be examined by the de
partment. The Wllkesbarre Fail u re -House
Wilkesbarre, Jan. 3. None of the
other banks of this place are affected
by the failure of Bennett, Phelps & Co.,
with the exception of the Miners' Sav
ings bank, on which there is a slight
run, and the sixty days' limit has been
adopted. Bennett, Phelps & Co's lia
bilities will probably amount to $500,
000 They claim that the creditors will
not lose a dollar as their property will
more than cover the above sum.
A Rear Admiral Detached.
Washington, Jan. 3. Rear Admiral
Leroy has been detached from the com
mand of the European station and or
dered home. Capt. Jno. L. Davis, com
manding the Trenton, will be left in
charge of the station until the succes
sor to I.erov is designated.
The End at Last.
Wit Point, Jan. 3. Gen. Geo. II.
Cordon, of Boston, who was called by
Porter's counsel, was heard to-day and
was the last witness in the Porter case,
after which Mr. Maltby began the argu
ment for Cen. Porter.
He Wisled to t'ciloim to ihe Cust. dm.
A ruralist seated himseif at a restau
rant, yesterday, and began upon the bill
of fare. After keeping three waiters
nearly an hour employed in bringing
dishes to him he called one of tfiein to
him, heaved a sigh, and whispered as
he spread the bill of fare before him
and pointed to with his finger: "Mis
ter, I've et to thar, and," moving his
finger down the page, "ef it ain't agin
the rule, I'd like to skip from thar to
Sli:ikspcair la p t'Vfii.
Tou ought at least to have self-n-spect
enough to conduct that perio;
mance indoors, and not bring your
wife out and perch her on the r'jadsh e
fence to whale her!" was the injunc
tion of a bypasser to a man who w; s
beating his wife by the wayside. "Net
so, sir!" was the response of the whaler,
pausing to take breath and get a bett r
grip on the clothes-pole, "not so. sir, for
are we not enjoined to 'bang our Han
nahs on the outer wall ?' "
Unnoriug Faithful Nuies.
In Memphis, last Thursday evening,
the members of the Hebrew Hopiti l
Association and other citizens presented
gold medals to Jacob Kohlberg and M.
Sartorius, as a recognition of their se- -vices
during the fearful epidemic in 1878
They were also presented with s lit lire
diamonds worth $500 each by promjUeLt
citizens of Memphis.
to have a tobacco-, fac-
irot a great many new vear callers n
Tialeigh. " h ,
Judge Kerr has been very sick, He
is still confined to his bed. .-" -"S
"It talks, it sings, it plays the cor
net," does the phonograph "in Greens
Newbern has a tramp in chains. He
cursed out the town and then set fire to
bis prison cell.
Candidates for offices before the Leg
islature are already assembling at Ral
eigh in crowds.
Winston won't employ more than 50
hands on tobacco this winter. The man
ufacturers there are much discouraged
overthe agitation of the tax.
A Wake county darkey told a gen
tleman, who was trying to employ him,
that before lie would work for $15 a
month he would go to the penitentiary
like a gentleman.
The Raleigh darkies celebrated Wed
nesday as emancipation day, but the
weather was of such character as to
have interfered seriously with the en
joyments of the occasion.
Goldsboro Messenger : The negro wo
man, Polly Hawkins, at whose instance
Frank Smith was committed to jail last
week, charged with having outraged
her person, died Tuesday, of pneumonia
The New North State says young
Peter Yates, son of C. G. Yates, Esq., of
Greensboro, fell from the mot of Judge
Dick's house on the 20th ult., alighted
on his head and came near fracturing
bis skull. He is out again however.
It is said that all candidates for
United States senatorial honors are to
be invited to address tli caucus
of the approaching Legislature. This
was the custom some years ixgo.-Raleigh
Observer. And a bad custom. Wil
mington Sun 'Time.
The Salisbury Watchman in glad to
state that the "Hon F. E. Shober, who
recently returned from Washington in
bad health and has since had severe
illness, is now convalescent, and bis
friends are cheered with the prospect
of a speedy recovery.
Salisbury Watchman : The colored
gents of this town started a ten cents
dance in the old post office building cn
Christinas eve, and kept it up the whole
week, night and day. Each fellow had
to pay ten cents for each admittance
whether his absence was long or short.
. Salisbury Watchman : There are two
rohoin roosts in this county, one of them
in a canebrake near town, where hun
dreds of these birds are killed almost
every evening. They are ' sometimes
shot as they come in, and sometimes
blinded with lights and knocked off.
the cMies with sticks.
A negro walking along the railroad
near Brown's .Summit, in Guilford
county, saw a man sitting by a tire in
the woods. When he approached the
man gave him to understand that his
presence was not desired and he pro
ceeded on his way. Returning after
wards to the spot, the negro found that
the strange man had departed, leaving
a pair of moulds, and a bag containing
about $10 in spurious half dollars, and
some medals and block tin. The Greens
boro Ntc North state tells of the cir
cumstance. Greensboro New North State: On
Monday last a check for 850 was pre
sented at the counter of the Jreensloro
National bank, by a young man from
one of our neighboring cities.. The
check was cashed by the Greensboro
bank, on the identification of the person
presenting it by one of our citizens. The
check was sent forward for collection,
but peynient was refused, and it then
came out the check was a forgery. Af
ter a telegraphic communication or
two between the bank officers here and
the purported drawer of the check, the
matter was settled and the check paid.
Raleigh News: A gentleman from
Warren county states that much ex
citement, mixed with indignation, pre
vails in regard to the conduct of a white
man of that county who, leaving his
family of nine children, some of whom
are of tender years, has tied to Georgia.
The kind people have, taken charge of
the accidental orphans, and all have
been given homes. A letter was a few
days since received from the runaway
father, bidding the eldest child sell
enough of the little property to raise
$f-"5, and send him that amount at once,
as he wished to continue to Texas.
B. uf News Item.
Pullman cars will be running from
Paris to Rome next spring.
The losses by fire in Richmond last
year were $113,000, against $15,000 in
A number of the Richmond tobacco
factories will not resume business be
fore about the 15th of the month.
Charleston, S. C, has abolished her
license tax of $500 ier day on commer
The total debt of Tennessee with the
accumulated interest for July 1, 1875,
amounts to $-4,274,017.
The Cincinnati papers announce the
death of Mrs. Robinson, wife of the old
showman, John Robinson, of that city.
A Xashville dispatch says the St.
Louis and Southeastern' Railroad Com
pany failed to pay the sum required
Wednesday, so that the part of the road
in Tennessee will be sold in April.
There were sixty-one failures report
ed in Xew York during the piist month
with liabilities amounting in the aggre
gate to $1,842,284, and assets estimated
at $1,014,754. This shows a decrease, as
compared with November, of live fail
ures, but an increase- in liabilities of
about $300,000. Compared with Decem
ber, 1877, there is a decrease of forty in
number of failures, and also a decrease
in the amount of gross liabilities of
- From the Raleigh Obseiver.
On the first of December last the con
victs sentenced to the penitentiary
were disposed of in the following man
ner: In the Penitentiarv 349
At work on the WlN.C. R.R.. . 502
Western R. R nj)
Chester and Lenoir X. G. R. R.. 48
G. & X. X. R. R OS
S. & A. R. R 1
e Totnl '..UI7
Of llrs number ono hiuidivd nnd slx
te 1 nn .while, and one thniiftand col
ore and one Hinle pnov Indian.
I V 1 m tli. H 1 In .my Watchman.
The General Assembly will have the
rosp Mislbility of deciding on applica
tion for several new counties Tl e
people of Mooresville will probably ask
lor slices of territory off of ; Rowan,
Iiedell, Mecklenburg and Cabarrus
A new county off Davidson, Guilford
and Randolph, with High Point as the
-mnty seat will be asked fori; and
Richmond Robeson and Cumberland
are 1 to be dismembered, if the 1 eg
13 ature can a-rree on it.
L el Taklpa r,,?f W-rimmed srec
tob offiS; toder WI11P!ase bring them to
Jan. 4 It.
, Hosts of People .are Martyrs
jTo sick headache, that Infallible srmptom of a
disordered stomach, liver andbowela. Many suffer
from it as many as three or four times a week.
They, do so needlessly, lor flostetter's Stomach
Bitters, by toning the digestive organs and regula
&U2 the bowels and IlVr," 'remprasthe cause, and
"dispels the painful symptoili. TheMnUmate sym
pathy between the brain and the abdominal region
causes the slightest disorder affecting the latter to
be reflected, as it were, in the organ of thought.
The reform instituted by the Bitters when the di
gestive, secretive and evacuative functions are in a
state of chaos, has other and more beneficial re
sults, viz., the complete nutrition of the whole
physical economy, the restoration of appetite and
repose, and an Increase In the power of the system
to resist diseases of a malarial type.
Ease Attainable by the Rheumatic.
Yes, although they may despair of relief, it Is
attainable by rheumaUc sufferers, for there Is a
remedy which carries off, by means of increased
activity of the kidneys important channels for
blood purification the acrid element to which
pathologists the most eminent attribute the painful
symptoms a theory completely borne out by urin
ary analysis. The name of this grand depurent is
Hostetters, a preparation likewise celebrated as a
remedy for constipation, which causer contamina
tion of the blood with the bUe and a certain
means of relief in dyspepsia, fever and ague, and
nervous ailments. It Is, perhaps, the fluent tonic
extant, and is highly recommended as a medicinal
stimulant by distinguished physicians and analysts
who pronounce It to be eminently pure and very
beneficial. The press also endorses It.
An Astonishing Fact.
A large proportion of the American people are
to-day dying from the effects of Dyspepsia or dis
ordered liver. The result of these diseases upon
the masses of Intelligent and valuable people Is
most alarming, making life actually a burden In
stead of a pleasant existence of enjoyment and
usefulness as it ought to be. There Is no good rea
son for this, if vou will only throw aside prejudice
and skepticism, take the advice of Druggists and
your friends, and try one bottle of Green's August
Flower, your speedy relief Is certain. Millions of
bottles of this medicine have been given away to
try its virtues, with satisfactory results in every case.
You can buy a sample bottle for 10 cents to try.
Three doses will relieve the worst case. Positively
sold by all druggists on the Western Continent
An old physician, retired from practice, having
had placed in his hands by an East India mission
ary the formula of a single vegetable remedy, for
the speedy and permanent cure for consumption,
bronchitis, catarrh, asthma, and all throat and
lung affections, also a positive and radical cure for
nervous debility and ali nervous complaints, after
having tested its wonderful curative powers in
thousands of cases, has felt it his duty to make it
known to his suffering fellows. Actuated by this
motive, and a desire to relieve human suffering. 1
wlU send, free of charge, to all who desire It, this
recipe, with full dlrecdons for preparing and using
In German, French or English. Sent oy maU by
addressing wilh stamp, naming this paper. W. W.
Sherar, 149 Powers' Block, Rochester, New York.
It makes no difference how many physicians, or
how much medicine you have tried. It is now an es
tablished fact that German Syrup Is the only reme
dy which has given complete satisfaction In severe
cases of Lung Diseases. It is true there are yet
thousands or persons who are predisposed to
Throat and Lung Affections, Consumption, Hem
orrhages. Asthma, Severe Colds settled on the
Breast, Pneumonia, Whooping Cough, &c., who
have no personal knowledge of Boschee's German
Syrup. To such we would say that 50.000 dozen
were sold last year without one complaint Con
sumptives try just one bottle. Regular size 75
cents. Sold by all druggists in America.
A Good Resolution fur .New Tears.
Many, on the entrance ..of new year, form new
resolutions of good conduct to be observed during
the coming year. One of the best determinations
Is to try fll fair means of securing a competency at
little cost, and the easiest, best and most attractive
method is to send at once to M. A. Dauphin, P. O.
Box H92, New Orleans, La., two dollars and secure
a chance in the 104th grand monthly drawing of
the Louisiana State Lottery, which takes place at
New Orleans, La., on Tuesday, January 14th,
1879. Here all is honestly conducted, and there
is no such thing known as the postponement of
the drawing or scaling of the liberal list of prizes
AX RETURN NOTICE.
The merchants and others liable to pay a semi
annual tax on their purchases or receipts, in the
county of Mecklenburg, are heieby notified that
their returns for the six months ending 31st of
December, 1S78. are now due. Merchants are re
quired to return all purchases made by them in or
out of the State, except from a wholesale merchant
in the State. Section 1 0 of the Revenue Law re
quires all liquor dealers In spirituous or vinous
liquors, porter, lager beer, or other malt liquors, to
return all their purchases, from whomsoever
bought. There are no exceptions. Returns must
be made within the next ten davs.
WM. MAXWELL, Register.
Jan. 4, 1879-v13t.
FRONT ROOM over McAden's drug store to let
for the present year. D. P. HUTCHISON.
Two 5-room cottages; one on comer of College
and Fourth streets, the other on the corner of
Church and Fourth streets.
JAS. H. CARSON.
Two houses, four and five rooms, with necessary
inbulldlngs. Apply to C. HILKER.
FOR RENT A comfortable 3 room Jhouse. cor
ner Ninth and Pine streets. Apply to Mrs. J,
N N N
EVER MADE IN CHARLOTTE. AT
55,- 00 08
55 00 OO
CINTS PER POUND.
ET PURE, FRESH AND CHOICE.
-DON'T FAIL TO CALL.-
ACUTE OR CHRONIC
Si A 1 1 C Y L 1 cr
Manufactured only under the above Trade-Mark
' EUROPEAN SALICYLIC MEDICINE CO., :
OF PARIS AND LEIPZIG.
jrm Sw "luenis. $1,00 a box. 8 boxMfnr
dress ' ' T wrcn""'
E V T L F. I " S
Stove and Hardware Houst; f(r ,
OF AU. KINDS.
Buy your COOK STOVES from me, as I h.,ve vj.
good reasons why they will do vour work Quick a,..!
Easy, Cheap and Clean :
They are cheapest to buy.
They are best to use.
They bake evenly and yislckly.
Their operation ia i-eittct.
BECAUSE ' fe
They always have a gccairaft
They are made of the best in;.! 1
They roast perfectly.
They require but little ruel.
They are very low priced.
They are easily managed.
Theya-e suited to all localities.
Every Stove is, guaranteed to give satisfaction
I7 ov Jwlc.
Having purchased a nice line of Tobacco, at tlif
I am prepared to offer extra inducements to buy
ers. Call early. THOS. II. GAITHEK.
CITY PROPERTY FOR SALE.
Any person desiring to purchase a well improved
City Lot, House with nine rooms, and modern con
veniences, fine well of water, brick kitchen, witliin
five minutes walk of the public square, can be ac
commodated by applying at
decl8 THIS OFFICE.
FEE SIMPLE DEEDS,
MOST APPROVED FORM,
f Just Printed and For Sale at the
gTOCK FOR SALE. ,l
One pair Mules (matches.)
Two Ayreshire Bulls, 3 years old. 50 and S0.
One South Down Buck (sired by Imported Prince
Arthur, cost 60 guineas in England.) $20.
Berkshire Pigs. 10 per pair.
Thorough bred Horses, Ac.
This stock will be sold on time to responsible
parties. This s ock can be seen at any time at
Enderly Stock Farm, two miles west of Charlotte.
For particulars, address Dr. W. J. Hayes. Char
lotte, N. C. S. B. ALEXANDER.
janl dw 4w
Democrat and Home please copy.
pOR RENT, LEASE or SALE,
At Davidson College, N. C.
Some dwelling houses, large and small. Also,
some fanning lands. Applv to
janl tf " H. P. HELPER.
The Bourgeoise and Minion type on which this
paper was lately printed. It was made by the old
Johnson type foundry, of Philadelphia, and wa.-.
not discarded because no longer fit for use, but on
ly because it became necessary to use a different
style of type. It will do good service for several
years to come. It will be sold in lots to sul pur
chasers, and in fonts of oOtol.OOOIbs. with or
without cases. Address OBSERVER,
octS Charlotte. N. C.
latcUes and gciucivty
TUST IN TIME.
We have just received a tine selection of such
Goods as you want for
Such as fine Lockets and Chains,
Fine Sets, Seal Rings, Initial Cuff Buttons, Scarf
Pins and anything In the line you may want.
CALL AND SEE THEM.
iW HALES & FARRIOR.
From Paris, France,
WATCH and CLOCK MAKER, GILDER and SIL
Trade Street, opposite First Presbyterian Church.
Nat Gray Store.
Every kind of repairs made at once afhalf price
and warranted one year. Every kind of Jewelrv iir
Bronze GUdfng, Coloring. Sllver-PlaauV Sd Gal
vanizing made at short notice and equallyas good
as new Work done for the trade at low price
references"1'06 wanted' wltn Premium and' good
HERIFF'S LAST NOTICE.
The Taxes of Mecklenburg county have been iu
since the 1st of last September. Thellt kqu res
me to settle State taxes on the first Monday Jan
uary Many other Sheriffs liave already settled
but I have been compelled to be among toe laS Ton
account of delinquent tax-payers. II faxes are not
settled within the next twenty daysTaU real estate
XTlsKerp eir piortl
Jan. 3, 1879.-d3wiK AAND. Sheriff.
Charlotte, N. C, December 19, 1878. "
baniffhir11 Se stockholeersof fbfe
imns. win De neid at their Banking House In this
ok MeSday,the 14th Juary m9. at 12
SSSfe m J- HOLLAND,
dec21 w Cashier.
The firm heretofore existing under the firm name
S?,l,l6::5t'FaKELAND DURHAM, was dls
J?1 n the 1st day of January, 1879, by mutual
consent, JG. Freeland retiring.
R-Dttrham assumes all liabilities and will
settle all the business of the said late firm. He
will also continue the Grocery business at the old
stand, and respectfully solicits a continuance of
the patronage so liberally bestowed upon the late
firm by their many friends.
. ,t FREELAND & DURHAM.
GASTONIA, N C.
iR. E. W ADDILL.