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0 / 75
CHAS. K. JONES,
Editor and Proprietor
"Prte frou tlie doting airujiteaUtat fetie. uut
, 'v free-born reason.1? 1
-' 1 1 .11 1 1
THURSDAY, JANUARY 0, 1S78.
THE REPRESSION OF CRIME.'.
There is no subject of vmore practical
i iterest to the people of the State, than
repression of crime, ;.Thesef measures
may be embraced nnde'r'frfuf heads,
namely: education and training i, re-,
moving the incitements ahd temptations
to wrongdoing; diminishing the power
to transgress ; disabling and punishing.
The first mode of repression falls chiefly
within the province of the family to
apply. But it is in the power of the
State, and is its duty because it is its
interest, to assist in the discipline, by
all the methods which will dispel igno
rance and inculcate the morality which
has its foundation in enlightenment
North Carolina has been very remiss in
providing for public education. What
ever may be the merits or the demerits
of the system under which vce now
purport to be operating, it stands
well-nigh a dead-letter on the statute
books, and if this one influence of which
we have first spoken is to be applied for
the repression of crime, the Legislature
must take hold of it and make it more
effective than it now is or ever has
The second method of repression con
sists principally in regulating the sale
or intoxicating liquors, remaps no
subject has exercised the legislative
mind more than Ihe claim which has
been asserted in many States to sup
press this traffic as being the prolific
source of disorder and degeneracy.
There is a feeling that this evil cannot
be remorselessly crushed without disre
garding what are supposed to be the
privileges of the people. Hence a mid
dle course is sometimes adopted of
leaving communities to decide for them
selves whether they will prohibit the
sale of liquors. This plan has been pur
sued in some States and communities
with marked satisfaction. Another ex
pedient which may be proposed as a
check upon lawlessness is an enactment
prohibiting the carrying of concealed
weapons, and there is no subject what
ever more difficult to legislate upon
than this. It has been argued with
great plausibility that such a prohibi
tion cannot be laid upon the citizen for
the reason that the national bill of
rights throws its protecting segis around
the citizen who may be' - accused of
offending, and says that the .right to
bear arms shall not be interfered with ;
I i . 1, Aii.-AJ , 1. .
miu eveu 11 u constitutional oojecuon
were removed such a law as th& must
be, in its very nature, difficult in the ex
treme, of execution, So long as this is
the case until such a law as that indi
cated could be executed in such manner
as to destroy the practice utterly- it
would be manifestly wrong, inexpedient
and unreasonable to pass a law width
would bear only upon the law-abiding,
those who observe the laws from con
scientious motives, leaving them at the
mercy of roughs who could and would
evade the statute. It .is not to be de
nied that many deadly encounters occur
upon a momentary provocation, simply
because the means of attack and de
fense are at hand; but after all, the
surest method for the attainment of
the object which-we have in view lies
in our last proposition that nothing can
supply the place of a wise, thorough
and always reliable system of criminal
jurisprudence. All the other proposi
tions are as only "side issues," as pom
pared with this; and this system must
exist as the all-pervading genius of law
and justice and order, and must possess
all the attributes of unfailing certainty.
It must be felt as an omnipresent terror
on the one hand, and as an omnipresent
protection onjthe other 'Thegobd must
be able to believe in it and .stand firm
and secure: the bad must be compelled
to believe in it and shrink and tremble.
The great body of the good citizens of
North Carolina need perfect assurance
of the certain and regular enforcement
of the laws, the certain and regular ex
edition of justice over every foot of the
State's territory, and they will hail with
unqualified satisfaction the legislation
that shall furnish practical guarantees
of the maintenance of these conditions.
A peaceable, orderly, law-abiding spirit
prevails nowhere more than it prevails
with the people of this State. What is
wanted is a corresponding rqaebinery of
civil government in which this spirit
shall be reflected, organized and inf alii
MEETTNOOr -THE GENERAL ASSEM-i
BLY.-Our special from Raleigh gives,
the organization of the two houses of
the General Assembly yesterday. Mr.
Moring, of Chatham, who .was elected
Speaker of the Ilouse, will make, a most
excellent presiding officer. He is a well
posted parliamentarian; is quick and
decided. ,With him in the chair of the
House, and jAeut. Governor Jar vis in
that of the Senate, the two houses of
Vie General Assembly-will be well pre
The organization of the houses nav
- ing been thus expeditiously effected, the
introduction and reference of bills and
memorials will commence tc-day and the
work of legislation' will 'begin --with less
than the usual amount of preliminaries.
' Cincinnati JouRNALi8M.--The Rich;
mmd Whig has sense enough to under-
stand, the difference between enterprise,
and sensationalism in journalism. The
. two qualities1 are 'essentially 'different,
and it knows as well as we do that that
which The Observer condemned in a
Cinclnuatl newspaper was not its ' eh-
tornrise. but the total disregard of the
' truth which marks its ; manifestations
of this qdalityan Ag?9i,-jway,, wa
rare verr 1 little whether a Cincinnati
'paper is enterprising (o serisationa
either, neither or DOtn, duc , wnen u
makes abusiness of locating .JlCima
inery crimes in North Carolina we feel
called upon to speak out'c-.M.';.-:.';-'
The News says that in Raleigh Mon
day evening Turner Pulley white, while
under the influence of liquor, fell on the
sidewalk, cutting his head in a terrible
manner. Officers found him and went,
for a physician.' A doctor came and
pronounced the wound dangerous, ,
The "Polygamy "Question Settled.'
At last, Bays the Baltimore Sun, the
legal status of the audacious polyga-
mistsof Utahisdefimtely determined by.
the TJhited States Supreme Court. which
j&onday rendered a decision Involving
the whole question of polygamy Tn the
Territories, She decision of the Utah
courts being: against the plaintiff, Rey
nolds, charged with contracting a biga
mous marriage, tie carried his case to
the Supreme5 Court oh a wit of error
bv Chief Justice Waite- and was to the
effect that thcplea Iset tip by the plain
tiff of religious conviction was not a
valid defense thatltogress, in passing
laws for thef suppression ci polygamy
in Utah, exercised a power belonging
to it and vested in it under the consti
tution. But for the plea set up that
such laws were an interference with
religious belief, and therefore uncon
stitutional, itr would seem strange that
there should be any doubt of the power
of Congress to legislate for the Terri
tories, over which, as national proper
ty, the goverment exercises the right of
The Legislatures orr the South
ern States. The Legislatures of Ten
nessee and Louisiana met the 6th, the
Legislature of Florida the 7th, that of
North, Carolina the 8th, that of Arkan
sas will meet the 18th, and that of Tex
as the i4th. Those of Louisiana, IFlor-,
ida, North Carolina, and Arkansas elect
United States Senators.
During this vftnter the Legislatures
of Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Mis
souri, Colorado, Kansas, aud New York
vfill also elect United States Senators.
The Legislature of Alabama recon
venes January 15th.
The Tennessee Legislature, which
met Monday, will be principally engag
ed with the State debt, which amounts
with accrued interest, to $24,000,000. It
is believed that Governor Marks will
recommend the proposed compromise
at sixty cents on the dollar, four per
cent, interest, or fifty cents on the dol
lar at six per cent interest, the two
propositions of the bondholders amount
ing to the same thing in the end. There
is some talk of adopting the Moffett
bell-punch to increase the paving abili
ty of the State.
Speaking of a recent article in this,
paper the Washington Republican says
that in this instance The Observer
has " apparently succeeded in confining
itself to the truth." We have been wait
ing, year after year, for an opportunity
to say this same thing of the Republi
can, but it seems determined never to
allow us the pleasure.
The young men of Asheville made
many new year calls.
It is represented that there is m uh
destitution in Raleigh.
Ninety students at the Shelby male
and female academy.
Newbern, an old and highly respect
able town, is to have a tournament on
A daughter of Mr. W. B. Gordon, of
Orange, accidentally chopped off three
or her toes.
If there is any one thing that Ashe-
ville is prouder of than another, it is
her new hearse.
Wilmington has an ice machine
which is turning out an excellent
quality of the frigid element
The Shelby -vlwroja-wiiys there were
more marriages in Cleaveland last year
than jn any other count v in the State.
Within the p;ist week two newspa
pers the Salisbury News and the Ran
dolph Sun have noijed out of this
It is now certain that the tragedian.
F. C. Banes.' will appear at the opera
bouse in Wilmington, on Monday next,
The Petersburg I ni -Appeal, catch
ing the spirit of the times, rolls its
sleeves up to the ellows and says it will
lose fur and bloco both, for Vance.
Wilmington Star: The mother of
Dr. Henry, of Brunswick, lost her life.
on Saturday morning, at her residence,
in Pender county, by falling in the fire.
At the Yarborough House, Raleigh,
Monday, there were at one time three
men whose combined height, according
to the News, was 21 feet and whose
combined avoirdupois amounted to 680
The Mooresville Gazette has been en
larged and its general character greatly
improved, its lengtuy and circumstan
tial account of the recent Mooresville
traofldv ' and huhsenuent lvnr.hincr i
strikingly fW.eU written. " ' . ;
. Wilmington Star: Reports prevailed
on the street, yesterday morning, that a
young lady, respectably Connected, at
tempted suicide the previous evening.
Her effort was discovered in time for a
physician to prevent the consummation
of her rash purpose.
Susannah Stubbins, daughter, of Mr.
Samuel Stubbins, of Orange county,
died very suddenly on the morn ing of the
27th ult. She had attended a gathering
of her friends the night previous, in the
full enjoyment of good health and high
spirits and returning home, was struck
almost immediately by the fatal shaft
Wilmington Sun: A homicide occur
red in Pender county on the second dav
of the new year, iA'-colored youth nam
ed Henry Moore shota colbfed girl with
pistokTbfi. .ball entered abpye net
lett eye and lodgedin her, neck. The
shooting occurred in a house of a necrro
named Frank Herring, in Columbia
township. Moore is in jail to await the.
result of the girl s wbund.
We are sorry to see it announced
that Mr. J. H. Muserwho has for so
long a time and so acceptably filled the
positions of local and commercial editor
of the Wilmington Star, is confined to
nis roam by a painful affection or the
eyes, and is likely to be detained from
business for several weeks. His place
is temporarily filled by Capt H. E. Orr,
wno nas long'Deen an-attache wtoe
Star. . .
The Mooresville Gazette says: "And
no w they, say , .Jute Davidson escaped,
from the officer in charge of him, and
to escape the mob, climbed a tree, and
losing his foothold, (the trees were cov
ered with ice that night,) fell. The
chain with which he was bound caught
on a limb and his body suspended be
tween earth and heayen where it was
found next morning.- Accidents will
happen. Next" The Gazette further
sjfiys it's not ,so , about Davidson's hat
and shoes having been stolen ' while he
hung. It doesn't stand to reason, it
says, that his hat should have remained
on, and as for his shoes it. is litis -fied
that he kicked them oft in his death
struggles, they being large and clumsy.
Leastways both shoes and hat were
found near the tree, and were put into
the coffin and buried with the murder
er's body.1 fri '
fkjmthe state capital
THE. LECJSLATUBE'S 1
' " t f U . f H
Organizational BU Of
.Elected Speaker iUm :tfaue TTa,
nar Office were Distributed
REMOVAL OF SWfiPSON'S CASE TO FkASIKLIW.
Raleigh. January 8. The Legisla-1
ture met this rijOThg;c?A9Qrjum was
present in both houses. John M. Mor
ing, of Chatham, was electing Speaker
of the House;! the final yote in the cau
Moring, 38; Cooke, of Franklin, 83.
Richardson, of Columbus, and Jones, of
Caldwell, were candidates, but were
dropped before the final vote of the
Both houses completed their organi
zation before the adjournment at 2 p.
R. M Furman, of Buncombe, princi
pal clerk of the Senate ; Piatt D. Cowan
of New Hanover, reading clerk ; J. S.
Tomlinson, of Catawba, engrossing
clerk ; and Murrill, of Onslow, door
keeper. In the House John D. Cameron, of
Orange, was elected principal clerk ; R.
W. Best, of Wake, reading clerk; W. A.
Barrett, of Lenoir, engrossing clerk ;
and Wm. Hill, of Randolph, doorkeeper.
the swepson CASE.
In the Swepson case the solicitor
made affidavit that the State could not
get justice in Wake on account of the
wealth and local influence of the defen
dant and the case was removed to
Franklin county. H
AS YIKWKD BY A GREAT EXPONENT.
Senator Thurman s Letter to the Co
lumbus (Ohio) Banquet Committee.
Washington, Jan. 8. Senator Thur
man, in his letter to the committee of
invitation to the Democratic banquet
at (joiuniDus, umo, this evening, ex
presses his regret that the severe weath
er prevents his attendance, and offers
some reflections upon the toast, "The
Jacksonian Democracy, on which the
Senator had been appointed to speak.
lie writes: 1 wish to recall attention
to some of the most raaiked character
istics of the Democracy of the time of
Andrew Jackson. I refer to the time
when he was a candidate for the presi-
,1 J 1 1 1 1 .1 Sj ' '
utilit y ana wueiMus iuibu uiu ptesiutui
"First The Democracy were then
eminently, if not pre-eminently, dis
tinguished by their devotion to the
union of the States. South and North,
.bast and west that sentiment was
cherished by every true Democrat
Subsequeat events chilled and at length
for a time suspended it in the South,
but the happiest circumstance of our
present condition (that is to the in
fluence of Democratic principles,) is
that love of the Union is everywhere
restored and that its preservation is a
fixed principle of the Democratic party
111 me souui.
"Secondly The party was equally
distinguished by its love of the consti
tution. It sought to preserve it in all
its vigor and beneficence by giving to
it a national and rational interpreta
tion, and it battled manfully and con
stantly against those latitudinarian
constructions that threatened to con
vert the government into any unlimi
ted centralized despotism: and on the
other hand, against all vice that menac
ed the existence of the Union; and per
mit me to say that the principles of the
Jacksonian Democracy, in this respect,
are as important to-oay as they ever
were at any period of our historv.
"Thirdly The Jacksonian Democracy
were the determined foes of monopoly;
they could not be otherwise for the very
foundation of the party was the doctrine
of equal rights. By whatever names they
have may been called there have been .
and perhaps ever will be but two great
parties in America tne democratic
party, asking nothing but equal rights.
and an . opposing party whose leaders
have ever sought and ever will seek
special privileges created by law. Who
can forget the great battle fought by
the Democracy under the lead of
Jackson against the bank of the United
states, and who can fail to see that
uesperate struggle against a lar more
powerful combination of capital and
privilege than was presented by that
institution is now impending? Will
the Democracy of to-day follow the ex
ample set by their fathers of inflexible
opposition to special privilege or wil
they prove errant to these principles,
Hie Lustory aim traditions or their par
ty t l his is a question that must ere
long be answered. My own belief is
that it will be answered as it ought to
pe and that the Democrats of to-day
win prove themselves to Be what their
rathers were true men. They will be
earnest, but not rash : determined but
not unreasonable ; destructive of wrongs
aim auusra iuune ana conservative 01
autnat should exist in a free republic,
"Fourth The Jacksonian Democra-
cv were a oartv of eeonomv tim nrHin.
ary annual expenses of Jackson's ad
ministration, that is the expenses of the
s" vein men t exclusive or payments
111 uiscnarge or ine public debt, were
out nrteen millions or thereahoiifa
Now our ordinary annual expenses are
nearly tenj-imes . that sunuVYhat. a
contrast! - While our, population has
increased but Mttle mote tkahttvfefefoid.
our expenses have increased nearly ten-
wiu. 1a mi iiul iiigu ume mac we
should return to the economical princi
ples and practices of the Jacksonian De
mocracy r .
-Inese points, few in', nnmher hn
uausvTuwuv, jh importance, 1 have
wiougnc it proper to note for the con
sideration of bur friends. rOfWo nUn-Kf
be stated but these must, suffice for to-
t "Gentlemen. I know that tbr hnnhno
trUl be enjoyed by those whottend iU
l trust that it will ; proved beneficial to
uiners as wen. 1 trust its influence
will be felt in revivinc the iTnVaA
Democracy and in combining the oppo-
ucuu) ui tuo xxtjpuuiiuan party m a
grsuiu enon wr ireei we'ountry from
111 mi tun anri nirniTmon ' c . -
Spodneri& Collins, car. wheel and pig
IUU UCiUClfl Uldb JUU1S. IIIHXIR UTT' C,
l 3ignment, Jiuesday. ,i,)rtVtj
rne liegistature m Connecticut" as
sembled yesterday motnrrg,,rtThe, elec-l
to-day.-'i tok ,u J,. v(.-.,-,,.
'Further testimony was submitted be
iore ine reiier suo-committee at,New
Orleans, yesterday, of acts and Outrages
upyu ucgiucs'iu xeusiuj puriiMI. TJ !
Washington. January SRenrefln-
r- uiue .m uuw;oririugB-orHliueorgia
! died this morning of pneumonia
KepreBeniauve Stephens, ot; Georfeiai
Representative Schlleeheiv M3Vb
I is confined to his bed with erysipelas in
FORTY Will CONGRESS.;
SHORT JISSIUjbsJs :.iiV:Voo;'-4 vniaJNew' lear w-vV--ji'fr
- s-ST'V 1 i ! j Wre takenio enlly ill; some miscreant
A Provtsiinfvr Joint RuleCpnklina
TTAa fTte Commit- .....
fee arc Doing. . ,
Washington. Jan. 8.-:-Senate. Mr.
a concurrent resolution declaring that
on the last threedayaof this session no
bill passed by either -House shall be
sent to the other, for iits concurrence,
and on the last: Mf?jQtf the? session no
bill snail pe .sent xa. lue- irresmeuii iox
his approvL-IIe said he: hoped the re?
solution would beipassed-iarid Congress,
devote the last three davs of the sessfon
to the eonsideratiQjt.ot puis pending oe-'
tween the two nouses.,, itexerreo. w uie
committee on rules.irj s r .-,. ? "
Mr. Thurman Bubimtted a resolution
to admit to the privileges of .the floor of
the Senate chamber,! George Bancroft,
the historian, who was secretary of the
na vy under President Polk, - Agreed tow
Mr. nkling, from the committee on
the judiciary, reported adversely ; sn
sundry-bills touching the compensation
of clerks of the district and circuit
courts of the United; States anctrjDney
were indefinitely postponed. " He also
reported fromtthe same committee ad
versely on the House.bill i providing :for
the judicial ascertainment ex ine ciaims
against the United States, and it was
mdenniteiy postponea., . . ,
Mr. Grover arising to a personal exr
planation, i read telegram recently pub
lished in the New York Herald. . in ; re
gard to Oregon State funds, amounting
to about Wi,uuo, being , expenueu ana
not accounted ior aunng me aAiiiuiiis-
tration of Grover as Governor. - He re
plied to the charges seriatim, denying
their truthfulness and quoting from the
laws and State records to show that all
money had been properly expended.
At tne expiration 71 iuo wuiiwi
hour the Senate resumed the considera
. A. A, ; : ' A.: .. . .1. V V . M
tion of the bill -to amend the patent
laws, and Wadleigh, of New Hampshire,
in charge of the bill, took the floor, but
soon alter ne commencea ma remains a
message was received from the House
announcing tneaeatn 01 ion, junan
.. .. .. j. - .
Hartndge. or tieorgia. jsiessrs. uoraon,
Booth and Beck were appointed a com
mittee on the part or the senate to ar
range for the tuneral and accompany-
rng the remains to Georgia.
The Senate then, at 1.10 p. mM on mo
tion of Edmunds, as a further mark of
respect to the memory of the deceased,
adjourned until to-morrow.
House. In his opening prayer the
chaplain alluded in a feeling and solemn
manner 10 tne aeain tins moruiug ui
Mr. Hartndge. of Georgia, and lmmi-
diatelv after the reading of the journal,
the official announcement 01 tne aeatn
was made by Mr. Cook, of Georgia, who
offered a resolution expressing the re
gret of the House and providing lor a
special joint committee of seven mem
bers and three Senators to take order
for superintending the funeral and to
escort the remains ' 01 the deceased to
his late residence in Georgia. The
Speaker appointed as such committee
on the part of the House, Messrs. Cook,
of Georgia, Fryeyof Maine, Cox, of New
lorK. Cabell, or Virginia, stone, 01
low a, Davidson, of Florida, and Han
na, of Indiana. The House then ad
journed. . .
The House naval committee this
mommer examined a number of experts
called at the instance of Mr. Wood,? ex
chief of the bureau of steam engineer
ing, united States navy, to refute the
charges of having used an obsolete form
of boiler in naval vessels, viz: Those
known as the water-leg boilers. Messrs,
Farran, consulting engineer for Jno,
Roach and the Morgan Iron Works,
Erastus W. Smith, superintendent for
the Providence & Stonington Steam
boat Company, David Smith, chief en
gineer of the United States' navy, en
gaged for many years in designing naval
machinery, and B. E, Garrin, chief en-
S'neer of the Kittery navy yard, and
iring the war chief engineer of the
North Atlantic squadron, all testified to
their preference for water-leg boilers
i- .c a 1 . .3 r 1 r j 1 1 -
uu accuum ui uieir uurauimy anu lacin
ty for repair. The difference between
the cost of the water bottom and water
legged boilers was not material.
The Georgia delegation in Congress
will this evening meet with the com
mittee appointed by Speaker Randall to
make arrangements for the conveyance
of the remains of Representative Hart
ndge to ueorgia ana also to take ap
propriate sympathetic action concern
ing nis death.
rived in Washington this morning and
has called a meeting of his committee
A meeting of the House committee on
banking and currency has been called
forFnday. ' --.!
The committee on ways and means
commenced this morning the series of
meetings at which 1 it proposes to hear
the representatives of the sugar import
ing, sugar producing and sugar refining
interests 01 the country in regard to the
modification of the sugar tariff. The
first hearing to-day was given to the
deputation from Baltimore. A petition
signed by the leading sugar firms of
New York and Baltimore was present
ed, asking that : a competent . expert in
the manufacture of sugar: be sent td
Demerara to examine personally the
manufacture of sugar in that island and
see whether tM'igark&fcaiieg
the government, artificially; colored; .
STOCKS ASD INDUSTRY 1$ ENGLAND
Di8qntetude on . 'Change Progress of
Ine Coal Mlners' Strlke. : .
LcWfDON. Jan: ' 8.A feeling 5f"tfi,'
-quietude regaiding! credit continued to
101m a feature or business in the stock
m arket vesterdar. DiseUfLsinnft" ' of a
dpubtf ul character were heardjrespect-
nng two or three estapusJxments, which
oie wciicrcu iu ub tLieu.a goou aeai oy
the pressure of the times'. The specu
lative movement'' in Erie Lhas;'made
further progress. Other United States
railways were dull. Canadian railways
show some; ' recovery ;i onH recent
prices oh; renewal of the amalgamation
rumors regarding the Grand Trunk &
Great Western lines. The Tfms, in
its financial article savs : These rumors'
ate , only..- traceablev to speculative
sources;'; w a .i-w:;-.:
BAENSLEYiJittfiThr ftf fcrfriftof
If 11. Ill UIII1IIIII III
up tne price of coal and -in the-event of
the strike it is . expected that prices, vyill
iiao rapiaiy because, stocks are verv
Jow - Wsf eherally beTieye4; that. thV
uKtsusre, ate iUBsir meeting on miirsday
will offer a compromise on the question
-of wages, y ;J , .
1 Jst tttie 8am? as Mellcan Hati f
wiJjOndon: , Jinuary u 8sA.pa telegram;
from Moscow states' th- tthe 4 Khar
itatt vetennary School has1 been bro
indefinitely, inoctnsequence otlf , ha riot
Qnsrations of jthQ students, (
1,4 fito'SOf eJ FreQeh ElecUojRA.ji't' l,;
press, showsfeenerally; withdut'distmci
rOhe1 elections Mji Ttmi
that the republic can reckonoh the sym
pathy of Germany so long as its policy
reflects the moderate , and' , reasonable
vifits of Gambeita." 'icr4 i. W i
At an entertainmen'C'ki Haines, i He, f
Year's AtehCrMM -persons 1,
having mixed crotoripil .with the f wkl.
rwotnun suffrage Convention j-m
niipinor iSpeember 3.317 immigr
arrrived at New York. Total lor tne
year 8105, against 60282 in isxi
&I&lj3$U$&M-tti$. Titish pre-
mier, is suffering from a severe
of goutrand is confined to hi rotrtn: t '
fr Alexander Murdock bf Alexander
Murdock & Co, the Oldest; dry, goods
C0ninil581OU llOUSO 1U JM1U1UU1C,uivu vi.
heart disease4 in ;hiscouh;;Mti
Tuesday. :s 3 :
frozen to Heath; With a bundle ot papers
under his asrm.fipoi the ..'stetop'-of. a
residence bnl Jersey Heights,iN. J, last
Saturday morning. f
The First-National Bank of Nash
ville, Teun has ;4aken in m ore com
since 1 esumpttoniaj tnantnas pam
out. Other baBMiMe fcm tate
report similar resuTijir
Clara'Tbtts, a domestic servant, was
burned to death in Philadelphia ' Tues
day: She returned home during the
night mtoxicatea, ana .wunsi sujokij
in bed set hr clothing: on. fire and was
bunied tb' a ctfsp,C;;V , :
Gov. Holliday, of Vii-ginia, has issued
a writ oraenng an election to ue iiem
in the first congressional district on the
23d Of January, to nil tne vacancy
caused by the death 01 Hon. Bey. li.
, ! At Carton, Wyoming, Sunday night,
a party of masked men broke into a
baggage car, took out and hung to a
teleirranh pole Dutch Charley, a notori
ous character and one of the murderersJ
of the widow Fields. He was being
taken to Rawlins for trial.
Governor Bishop, of Ohio, in his
message, calls attention to the pre
valence of grave robbing, and asks the
Legislature to pass a law by which an
adequate number of recognized sources
of supply for , anatomatical subjects
shaU be supplied, and.. thus do away
with the odious traffic of body-snatching.
J. Major Seeley, a wealthy American,
who has spent the past year at the
Huffman House, in Dorchester, near
London, Ontario, with his wife and
family, has been arrested for ruining
the daughter of the proprietor, Miss
Addie Huffman, who was a short time
ago confined. At the time of his arrest
the maior was preparing to start for
Near Paris, Tenn!,
morning, a broken rail
on the Louis
ville ana Great Southern railroad over
turned a sleeping car on-a northward-
bound passenger train, uNo cue . was
killed, although - the passengers, include
ing Dr. Dixon, of New Albany, and
Senators Dorsev. of Arkansas, and
Harris, of Tennessee, were badly
' Dr. A. W. Sinithe, a prominent physi
cian, testified before the yellow feyer
commission at New Orleans last Satur
day that he believed yellow fever,
wherever it existed, originated there.
He thought it originated in Grenada
and HqI1V Springs, and" 'would have
originated if all outside communication
had been cut off. He believed that
heat was a main factor of vellow fever.
He did not believe in the genu theory,
nor that yellow fever was transmitted
from one' person to another, nor was
there any evidence that it could be
transmitted in goods or clothing. Dr
Austin, of the New Orleans board of
health, expressed the opinion that fever
The Virginia Senate Monday passed
a resolution authorizing the Governor
to request the president of the council
of foreign bondholders of London,
Baring; Brothers & Co., U G. & G. C
Vvard, the Rothschilds,!: August Bel
mont Brown Bros. .& Co., Richard
Irwin & Co., Chas. H. McFry, and
Hugh McCulloch, or their authorized
representatives, and all such creditors
or their representatives as wish to
participate, to meet the General Assem
bly, January 22, ior conference about a
plan ot settlement of the State debt
A similar resolution was introduced in
' 1The dramatic company advertised by
Mr. rord to appear in Norfolk last
Monday evening expected to go on the
steamer Florida Staturday evening or
Sunday morning. The ice embargo
preventing, they were sent via Rich
mond and Petersburg, and a special
tram was telegraphed for, so as to
reach Norfolk in time for the perform
ance. When they reached Petersburg
a freight train had been delayed, o
which a passenger car was added, arid
the party reached their destination at
4:30 p. m. Monday after traveling!
twenty-five hours, and were able to
appear the ' same evening with Mr.
Bangs in "Julius Csesar."
Governor UainpiouV lotidiWon.
SieclJU to the Cbarlebton News and Courier.
. Columbia, Tuesday Night January
7. The daily reports of the. Governor's
condition have been discontinued for
the past ten days for the reason that
there has been no change or incident
of consequence to report He has been
steadily,) if slowly, improving during
the interim, however, and his prospects
ror speedy and' complete recovery are
as good as could be desired. It may be
added that the case of the distinguished
patient nas reached so satisfactory
stage that only his regular physician,
Dr. Taylor, is now in attendance, and
his visits are limited to one a day.
Crutches have been ordered by tele
graph from New York, whence it is in-
ten'ed that the Governor will be about
at an early day.
Rev; T. M: Ambler, df Wilmington,
read an original paper, Tuesday night
weiuie tue Historical society of that
city, on "modern spintualism."
'Acolored girl employed with Tfev. O
Ji Brent, of Wadesboro, had her clothes
to catch nre; while she lay -asleep on
the hearth .and , was so badly burned
that she died. ; ,
A-'inrr'arid;woiuian, with three bare
footed little children, tramoed through
I 4 .. j - . & ' , . , v ..
J""J!mf''. - c'1
iimiTtcTOn iSiin: ot vesterrlav: The
CJape'Eear .was. frozen across from shore1!
xo snore, J5ig isiana nair ,way De
tween this city and Smithville, yester
day mortiing. The river is a mile wide
Et that point, and yet we are informed
y passengers on the river boats that
the ice was fully apHTch",and a' half
thick. Once, only 1 before has the
present generatiqn .seen the big Cape.
Fear frozen, 'clear over, and 'then. 9
1857, at a place' where the stream is not
so broad as 'at'Rig Island. The' ice
broke, up a little after 10 o'clock. - ' 1
; J'fii ; .-- ti ...t.
t. i p- ,A RemgrhableBcsult. : ,;
It makes no difference how many physicians or
55T,1?uSh.n?e1i.cl?S,you have trieA' lt W now an es
lished fact that German Syrup is the only reme
dy whleh has given complete satisfaction in severe
eaes of Lung Diseases. : It Is true there axff ret
thousands ' of persons who are ' predisposed to
Throat and Lung AOecUcn&' Cousumptlom Iteni-
y.'""6"i nn.MMia.-orcre aulas' sewjefl- on the
were sold last year without one eannffii Om?
fmv that RA nrwv
bhiuu-bs uj just one Doma. '; Regular size -75l
eents. Sold by all. druggjsts U America. '
Cmar f;Cotige" n.A K'val anEuhVitai
. u ' ; . statof r4pi.a
i Tim Hour. 0;r.;nr ltf t'oSiger', :
of Congress; froai wchigar4 yirnved
here by rail Tuesdayyof amss: arid ai ier
11 onei stay Mi.ine cuy,TtLvtnuMicu.
ji";ti limber of nrominent business men
d4"in which there was no recognition of
eCllUll lllttU.e.i IWiuunu vixm ,
the revenue cutter Crawford, Capt.
Glover. Among others, errecognizet
were Mayor S. li. FishraWA;hil.Jl.ya
Tiokkelen. Esa president chamber or
CL HMebisottwawnsciractf virr- i
change r- Postmaster E. R Brink, Gen.
J. Q Abbott, Dr. A. J. DeRossetand
Messrsv-Jams ll. Chadbouni, ueorge
Chadboura, Edward Kidder and L. E.
TTT. . . . . J A-U, iwjn ntnn -1
Itice. we unaeiTstanume ni
of unmixed pleasure in a social sense,
and that the visiting. Congressman was
not only gratified' bywhat he heard and
QUTxr'tiiit wsL snema iv lmnressea witn
the judicioiishnejf r vhich.nati4p'
appropriations uaveueeiw expeiuueu-iwi,
bor. We are glad to' note this result,
because the Jjetter. our necessities aro
understood at vWashingion the sooner
will juslicebei'xroile ljlnthe measure ot
governmental aid. w-" ;- !
Horrors ot the Frei B
Detroit. January l.-A-dispatch says
that a washerwoman was found sitting
in the snow frozen, to death on 3un.4i:iy
With a bottle'of whiskey beside her.
.Her home was; only .fifty: yards from
where she was found.t :
: A widow in 2anesville, named Sarah
Clark, gave birth to a chili Sunday,
and being without fire and alone, the
babe was frozen to death before aid
reached her. -
D n't You Foigel It.
Verily, The Charlotte ; Observer
is the newsiest daily in the State.
- To all who are suffering from the errors and inj
discretions of youth, nervous weakness, early de
cay, loss of manhood, &c, I will send a receipt that
will cure you, FREE OF CHARGE. This great
remedy was discovered by a missionary in South
America. Send a self-addressed envelope to the
REV. JOSEPH T INMAN, Station D, Bible House,
New York City. may30 dw tf
I am now in receipt of a large lot of the celebra
ted' STUOEBAKEB WAviONS, all sizes, which
wilj behold on reasonable terms.
' CALL EARLY.
and supply yourself with the be$l wagon out
T. H. GAITHER.
O T T O N
-ORDERS AND CONSIGNMENTS SOLICITED-
THOMAS H. OAIT1IER.
C'oiTON Commission Mek chant.
ILLIAMS & FINGER,
Have Just received a lot of Turkeys and Chickens
which we offer at low prices. Come to Williams fc
Finger and buy the best Family Flour from the
best mills. Wheat, Bran, Oats, Corn and Meal,
Honey, Country Lard, Butter and Eggs. The best
Timothy and North Carolina Hay, cow and horse
feed of the best quality, Sugar, Coffee, tc Con
signments solicited for ail kinds of country produce,
will make prompt returns of sales.
dec5 ' '
NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
TRAINS GOING EAST.
Date, Nov. 10, '78.
Arrive Golds borov
13.45 a m rT.5o p m
3 00 pm 5.30a ml
5.25 pm I 9.30 a m
No. 2 Connects at Salisbury with W.N.C.R.R. for
all points in Western North Carolina, dally except
Sundays At Greensboro with R. & D. R, R. for all
points North, East and West At Goldsboro with
W. fe W. R. R. for Wilmington. . .
No. 4- Connects at Greensboro with R. & D. R.
R. lor all points North, East and West
TRAINS GOING WEST.
Date, Nov. 10, '78.
" Ralelghr "
5.35 p m
s.zs p m
1 '2.25 am 10.50 am
No. 1 Connects at Greensboro with Salem
Branch. At Charlotte with C, C. k A. R. R. for all
points South and South-west; at AlrtLine Junction
with A.&C. A. L3ailroad for all points South and
South-east ' ' ' ' i
No. 3 Connects at Salisbury wltn'W. N: C. R. R.
dally except Sunday. At Air-Lino Junction with
A..&C. A. L. for ajl points South and South-west.
At Charlotte wiJh C., C. &A Railroad for all
points South and South-west
; SALEM BRANCH.
Leave Greensboro, dally except Sunday, 8.50 p m
Arrive Salem, " " 1 0.50 p m
Leave Salem, " " " 5.45 am
Arrive Greensboro, " " " 7.45 am
Connecting at Greensboro with trains on the R. & ,
Dj aud N. C. Railroads.
j SLEETING CARS VITHOUT CHANGE
Run both ways on Trains Nos. 1 and 2, between
New York and Atlanta via Richmond, Greensboro
wid Charlotte, aud both ways on Trains Nos. 3 and
4 between New York mid Savannah, via Richmond,
Charlotte and Augastav't " ' " ' :
Through Tickets on sale at Greensboro, Raleigh,
Goldsboro, Salisbury and Charlotte, and at all
principal points South, South-west, West, North
and East For Emigrant rates to points In Arkan
sas and Texas, address
J. R. MACMURDO.
Gen. Passenger Agent,
5 Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta R. R.,
, Columbia. 8. C, Dec 27, 1878
X)n and after Sunday, Dec. 29th, 1878, the fol
lowing passenger schedule will be run over this
road, (Washington time,): -.
; Going South, No. 1.
Leave Charlotte, -. . . . 1 00 a. it
Arrive Columbia, 6 00 A. m
'Leave Columbia ., 6 05 am
tJmM,ic -v. v:i'tTr-r&KQ0t -tm
h ; 0:1: :;i iGO-NdBrttNriaJ'ldit uAlAJ.
5 55 p. M.
10 10 p.m.
3 10 a.m.
11 27 A.M.
4 10 p.m.
. 4 15 P.M.
. 8 30 P.M.
Leave Columbia .-...'
j ... mfi$SF8qxpK
Ieave Charlotte.... .
Leave Columbia . ...
" Going Nobth, No. 4.
Leave" lutu.iKlviiW. '"iVlktf
Arrive Jofumbla' WMlZXk mMMtm
Leave Columbia.... 1 so t J
AriveC5wlolte,..,;y.v,.;..:.::; 6 30p:S
iThese train stop only at Fort Mill, Book HflL
& WJnB!2boro',BJdseway' Leesvllle, Bates
SJS8, E1.?prl?.gsA 3 ohstn. Trenton and Granite
vlHe. AU other stations wlU be Jeoognlzed as flag
-xJf PaW and drawing-room cars
SiSMW: Greensboro i Augusta; also on
Nos, 3 and 4, New York to Savannah, via Rich
mond & Georgia Central Railroad.' "
"-. 't' -KLINE, Superintendent.
Jm. B MacMdbdo, q, Ageat, ,
n 1 r 1. k . s
Stove and Hardwtut: llou-e U
CHE A P HARDWARE
j j 1 j j
OF AIJ. K INDS.
Buy your COOK STOVES from nte, as r have
g0 Teasona why win do wik ymck ,.
Easy, Cheap and Clean :
K ' -
BECAUSE , , , ,
They are cheapest to buy.
They are best to use.
They bake evenly and qu!ckiy.
BECAUSE- , -..
Their operation la perfect.
They always have a good draft;
They are made of the best material.
They roast perfectly.
They require but little fuel.
They are veiy low priced. '
They are easily managed.
They a-e suited to all localities.
Evei7 Stove Is guaranteed to give satisfactloi
Having purchased a nice line of Tobacco, at the
I am prepared to offer extra inducements to buv-
rnov7a ""ly' TH0S (iA1THEK-'
CITY PROPERTY TOR SALE.
Any person desirtoTgfo'purchuse a well improved
Uty Lot. House with Illne nvimi anH mAr.. ......
I eijlences. fine well of water, brick kitchen, within
urn umiura hik 01 me pudiic square, can be ;u
commodated by applying at
decl8 THIS OFFICE.
1 000 FEE SIMPLE DEE1)S.
MOST APPROVED FORM.
; Just Printed and For Sale at the
' TOCK FOR SALE.
One pair Mules (matches,
Two Ayreshire Bulls, 3 years old. SoOaiidtr
One South Down Buck (sired by Imported Fitiw
Arthur, cost 60 guineas in England. 1 .v-JO.
Berkshire Pigs, $10 per pair.
Thorough bred Horses, &c.
This stock will be sold on ttoe to responsible
parties. Thtss ock can be seen at any time at
Enderly Stock Farm, two miles west of Charlotte.
For particulars, address Dr. W. J. Hayes. Char
lotte, N. C. . S. B. ALEXANDER.
Democrat and Home please copy.
JjX)R RENT, LEASE or SALE,
At Davidson College, N. C. -t""
Some dwelling houses, large and small. Also,
some farming lands. Apply to
janl H. P. HELPER.
The Bourgeoise and Minion type on which this
paper was lately printed. It was made by the old
Johnson type foundry, of Philadelphia, and wa.,
not discarded because no longer fit for use, but on
ly because lt became necessary to use a different
style of type. It will do good service for several
years to come. It will be sold in lots to sui pur
chasers, and In fonts of 50to l.OOOItis, with or
Without cases. Address OBSERVER.
.,pct5 Charlotte. J. C.
3&alc?xcs and ciu civil.
JUST IN TIME.
We have just received a fine selection of such
Goods as you want for
Such as fine Lockets and Chains,
fine Sets, Seal Rings, Initial Cuff Buttons, Scarf
Pins and anything in the line you may want..
CALL AND SEE THEM.
& KARRIOK. F?
From Paris, France,
WATCH and CLOCK MAKER, GILDER and SIL
Trade Street, opposite First Presbyterian CkaicJ,v
'''j NatGray store,
Every tond repjilrs made at once'aif fcait! price
and warranted one rear. Kverv kini of
I Bronze GUding, Coloring. Sllver-PlaBng and Gal-
viuuzmg mane at snort notice and equally as good
as new. Work done for the trade at low prices.
Apprentice wanted, with premium and good
In consequence of the reduction to the price of
the original cost of materials, and In order to give
my patrons the benefit of (he reduction from and
after this date Photographs will be taken at my
REDUCED RATES. : J '--t
J. IL VAN NESS
yon iss-ifiUi t 1 .'h'.u'i y - :
Next door to Wilson & Burwell's drugstore,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Holton's Building, Trade Street, Up Stairs.
Owing to the stringency of the times I will m fu
ture; work very cheap. Will make fine suits for
$10, Cassimere suits for $8. Pants of suits same
rates.. I guarantee aQ my work 31 fit, no charge.
Give me a call and be cmnvinmd.