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0 / 75
CHAS. E. JUS 8,
Editor and Proprietor
"Free from the doting octuple that fetter our f
v 1 A' free-bbra feaaoW'r"" i. '
1 'SUNDAY TEBlttf EhC. J879. J
;TBJJ HAMIET COJSECTIOJT.
' The WtttoingtonlStar,o the Sist In.
columns, pitches into The Obskryek
because wrf'havcf seen proper to oppose
, the; narrow policyp, restricting" the
Haleigh & lAugusta; Air-Line Railroad
from tapping ;the system?;, of railroads
, which converges at Charlotte. The first
; paragraph is ungenerous ; and uncalled
for, and we quote it, in order that otir
readers may see for themselves the ef
forts that are being made by opponents
of this measure to arouse public opinion
,against it , a . u y - o- 1.
"It is really amusing to see, how
friendly certain North Carolina papers
' are to Wilmington' during excursion
-' times and other occasions when the in-
terests of our city are in no way involv
ed. It is all lovely then.. How the
gushing rhetoric, streams ..along .the
types. What a delightful place is that
'beautiful little city by the sea,' and so
on, and so on adnauseam,:. But pnlyJet
c'ouds lower. " Let there be moneyed
combinations to injure, if not destroy,
the only seaport of importancein.North
Carolina let the time 'come when we
need friends when we need j& mani
festation of genuine State Dride and ah
unflinching advocacy of a North Caro
lina policy; and hen Wilmington has
but few friends, and all the nourishes
turn out to have been merely 1 rhetori
cal and nothing else. When-we protest
against unjust, unpainouc, unwise leg
islation we are charged with selfishness,
and it is declared thatWilminjrton does
not and cannot offer,, the advantages of
rival ports in otner states." ?
This is all bosh! We want to remark
just here, once for all, that we have not
now, never had, and hope never to have
enmity, or ill will, toward our "city"; by
the sea." We said and reiterate that ail
things being equal Wilmington 4s en
titled to her just share of trade and
commerce front this section of the
State, but she must get it by offering
equal, or better advantages than an;
other ; port ; ; We- profess ' to have' as
much State pride .as the editor of the
Star,, DUt , Fft rfy sejfi , enough tode-.
sire to loo k alter tne interests or tne
people of the major portion of the State,
and regret that any must, be excluded.
k-J It lies withWiliningfion herself to sa
"'whether she is billing ib idopt the
penny wise,potmd foolish" thing, and
. in her effort to force gain in the coffers
of her merchants, she is willing to. anf
tagonize the interests Of other sections
of the State. Speaking of theadyan-
tagesof Wilmingtoti,!the Star, in the
-same article, says: .nwt -- -
;' "Wilmington does not wish its own
interests to be protected and advanced
at the expense of other sections of the
State. Wilmington says, here is a sea
port upon which hundreds of thousands
of dollars have - been expended in deepS
eninsftbe channel 5 and making it act
. cessibietoshipsof large tonnage. . We
have already a large and growing com-
merce. We are much nearer to the
West Indies than Charleston or Norfolk;
as to the time required in making the
trip. We offer certain groceries cheapl
er than Baltimore or Norfolk. We can
offer still farther advantages; as. w$
grow stronger. , We can , offer as. numy
and as great facilities to the 'West as
can Norfolk or Charleston. Wilming
ton, therefore, protests against any And
all legislation that puts her at a disacb
vantage and that favors ports in other
-States. ' . -4-" j:
and does offer as crood inducements to
Western North. CamlinaasjNo!
offers, that a roaa nas aireaay oeen con?,
structed at a large expense connecting
Charlotte with Wilmington, that she i$,
a North Carolina city,: and that she has'
a right to expect from the State govern
ment a 'true parental Hhratcb-care a
genuine fostering spirit, and not a sys
tern of rule" and legislation that will re
tard lier growth if n6t cause her street
to be covered with irrass and her mar
to become desolate. ' She insists ' that
tbe true North , Carolina policy s to
help develop home resources, to protect
and foster home interests, and to do
nothing whatever that , shall; destroy
4 those great lines-of trahspditation; and
. , travel that already exists ? It.
"Very good. "We endorse every word
of it, atiditWt:ftCwhy should jWa
mington fear competition t The Balejg
i , &i Angusta, AriineQ; Completed o
riiarirtffo "wiir'ihH t.hrpfl 'hundred! and
Rl ft&ne mUe ' ionlaf ffl N6rf,6lk,r'Y44
1 ; whiler tn'elstauce'tdWilhilngtQn s
: ... i only sone UMmdrei and eighty-seven
, .mUesaboutoneialfft rJ?&J&.ftt
. ' road' already copapleted, and only onc
- - half as long, shall it" be.' said that four
sister city by the seal cannot compefe,
in the matter of freight travel or m'A
Af.uUiUk mn i-lBahIiSTheSSar
savs she now sells certain groceries
?79 f$Zit&U Tf hPr rnr-
cheaper than Baltiinbre. If . her mer-
chants will ltnteJn,pni she
will get all the traaem" mis paxuumax
lihe. until "the question
comes a barr to theiextettsiori,y of her
business. . 1 ti-v i
' We vield to no one in that which
Is called State : pride, but the idea
of building tip or tearing down! any
" place simply because fit " happens to be
located witnin ort without J certain im
- aginary State lines, has jio part in our
".mnDosition., , , We are ,for that polipy-
' which will best develop 6'ur 'latent teC
Rources. and put us at least on an equali
ty with people" of other States whifch
have no better advantages ; than we
possess. For years the people bf North
Carolina annually trundled their hogs
heads of tobacco from Granville, Persbn
tLnA other North. Crolinaborder cbuh-
cause there they found a better market
for their produce, and a cheaper: mar
ket to buy in than could be done under
the "North Carolina system" poUcyat
Beaxifort and Morehead City, notwith
standing the fact that four-fifths of their'
produce was shipped ,tp,
other foreign countries, i In that in
stance -commerce found, its level," and
it will always do so,;: New York, City
has gained her promenpe in American
' ritielwe inigbtliave said among the
c Uef the world-inlr became ;e
W dearer and sells cheaper than oth
r dtS, and if Wilmington will giye
Sd Withe iff
whest-ani nc fIodxx.JMBet thin'
tion, e-3 wui boye deny.
-t -1 rosrM i3 W UX3 , - ,,-a ' (
inga rival city; thcrrprlvilegesof "an
If we are not mistaken the Raleigh &
Augusts AitrLihe Railroad atready.
chartered to Augusta;: there to opnect
with the- system ofy roads that' lead
South from that points Our 'Wilmmg
ton cotemporary lays much stress upon
the fact that the change is inimical to
ihe interests. jof the' Statebecause-the
trade must be carried awav from WiP
4 , . i - " w ''dm'
jawgwH. cov;nariotte. it says nommgj
the State to Augustaand further South
if therallrdad is ever completed. It is a
naf f ow policy,. whic caft'fige only one
side at a time,; and Jh ftie discussion of
this question e beg of the' Star to look.
"at the other side just once.
' : STATE NEWS. . . !
The Chowan Gazette has now sus
pended.' Next - ' , t
pDaniel Webster has" been 'indicted
t 1. ..1. ,
The proprietor of . the Concord Sun
will sell a half interest in that paper .
vAfr.:G..W.Pageiind:JMiss Jennie B.
Patton, of Asheville, haye gotten; mar-
Weldon imw- isf unmarried and i don't
want to remain bo. .Talks a great deal
about love; 1 ''!VH & i s
v Tha Concord readirig club has been
organized-r-Mr. Walter Holt president
Miss Blkle secretary,' and Mr. Brown
Mr. John O'Neill, of Ealeighj was
married in" the'Cathotic church of Hal-
ta Labarbe.- . -t--.. . i :
Col. Enoch H. Cunningham, an: aged
and respected citizen of Asheville .and
a veteran of the Mexican war, died last
C6ric6rd Sun t - Frank Clark? faiown
in this county: as the son of ' Bev.
Mitchell Clark, was frozen to death near
Mooresville a few days ago. s
.The students of , Weaversville college,
Buncombe, Qounty, liave a debating so
ciety at the next meeting of which it
will be settled whether or not Mary
Stuart was unjustly executed.
Lenoir Topic tJ 'James Harper, born
May 14, 1799, died at Fairfield, near Le
noir, which for more than half a cen
tury had been his home, on Sunday,
January 26, 1879 having almost .reach
ed the age of eighty years. ,
Ji'BaIeigh' Observer y '"Four bales of cot
ton haven been; stolen from Princeton
and vicipity within the lastweek; onOj
from a poor negro man whose house
and everything that he and his family
had were burned a few Jays ago. His
loss gives him, the sympathy f the
'"' The Citizen s&js the members of the
reading clubof Asheville have formed
themselves into the Asheville, Library
Association, and elected the following
otBcersi- President- Dr. J. G. Hardy ;
Yice-President, Miss Jmna Aston ; Sec-
Capt VThos. Patton.; Librarian, Mr;
Milton R Weed.
Concord Register: An enterprising
young voman came to town this week,
and by sleight of hand relieved the firms
of (jannonj-jetzer & .wads worth, and
R. E. Gibson, of some, .valuable articles
bf ; dress goods. She - also "lifted some
goods at Hoover & Lore's, but they wei e
taken from her before she left the stoie.
The expert young maid tv'Js. arrested.
! Y ifaifborojSwiherner : J $Yd learned at
B'jcky Mount "on Sunday that B. F.
Pitof Battieborovi ?was ;arrested;on
Saturday on, a chaigo of forging the
name of A.1 H. llicks to. a draft oa Dr.
John Arringta'sSonSinof i : Pebersbnrg,
for $327, by which he drew the,; money.
He is also :harged'with; forging 'the
name-of5T.P Brawellaasuxetjc on
his' own note, by depositing "which he
dre wnioftey from the Wilson bank.
Packard, Special Pleader fur Wharton.
Geh'eraTnas' received a letter from ex-
Got. Packatil;'daWdLitrpo4 January
isn ia reaaiiiun w 4cwiw ktuj uj in
tended removal of Marshal Jack Whar
ton, in whieh he-says he knows nothing
of the details riof ihe late election, but
that he is unwilling to oeiieve the state
ments of those who are endeavoring to
secure Wharton's removal (as reported)
for want of fidelity to the party ; that
WTiarton stood alongside him in the
campaign of .1870 on the stump at great
peril to himselfand during the winter
of 1876 and T7 was steadfast; that the
marshaLandMistricprattorney for Lou
isiana in1 his -judgment arel satisfactory
to J,be,ie3t Bepuolicahl elemeai of the
State iaticu are discharging p. their duty
faithfully that he should much regret
if they did not have the confidence of
the administration and snerifr that con
fidence, as they have the confidence of
the Republican masses of Louisiana by
a faithful discharge of duty. He con
cludei by earnQj;. Roping that Mr.
DevMs'wfllnot feel' called upon to re
commend the President to makea;
change m tne. marsnais omce during
the term -of the' present incumbent1
bruary. br:1 now behev-
Defaure will yield to the urgent
reauest of President Grew and the
J fishes of the .Republican Senators' and
reuim .ue,prtjuiexmii iKjcivas if:
entire caWriet arei tnifonndetL but M.
Wilson, member of " the Chamber of
Deputes, will.probably succeed M.Tier
8erence i3eBouf ;as? minister of agricul
ture and commerce, r while the latter
will Succeed Maiquis'De Harcourtjas.
ambassador to London. ;
SPABS FROM ;TnB WIRES.
svti sftrious . ontbreak of Dleiiro-nheit
monia had occurred at Hull, Englanctirjl;
Sam HiivsiispeeuiAgi that J no. It Sinn
monds, all of that - city, had - caused his
wife to desert thim,ofcinlitt(inf a bar
room' Friday night.;; Simmondff .died
yesterday morning. ;r:rS
Heavy Damages for Meat Shippers.
- TCFAVY'ryftKfTj'ebrriarv 1.-Tn the
of Sherman & Gillette against .i the; In-
man Steamship Company for over $30
000," damages for the destruction of a
cargo of '- meat which plaintiffs were
shipping to England, the jury in the Su
preme Court this morning rendered a
,veraict,ior S534.554.03 Jtor- tueipiaintmp
" Federal Finances. t
' ' WASHl3SfaT0N,"-; Feb.'ri: -fhe debt
statement shows a decrease in the debt
of 8275,198,066 for January. - a
The secretary of the treasury has is
sued another call for 20,000.000 5,20
Npw SisTial Service Wire. v : ,
Additional wires have been erected by
the signal service on the Virginia and
North Carolina coast from Cape Henry
to Kittyhawk, connecting with the tele
phones at the several, lifensaving sta
tions, and affording.these interesting,
easy,, ana expeaiuous uoiumunicawon
with the outside world, ... i
CDALMEBS CUALGES : IPOX BKAG6.
Morgan Speafo'Agdiftfqr'IIis Substi-
tutePfobable Vost of a Coast Sur
vey Senate2 Committee Report
.in Favor -o the Indian - -Transfer
X ' Day Un- '
"import'ant as to r:-
Creery, of Kentucky, from the joint
committee ,toA enquire into the expedi
ency of transferring the Indian bureau
f rom "tjhe'Interior to, jth vYar Depart
meW 4ubmia;ed a report signed v by
four irteEQbefs ofi:the committee in
favotofth Jransfer: Ordered printed.
Hoar presented a minority report of
the committee on privileges and elec
tions, signed by himself, Cameron, of
Wisconsin, and Mitchell, favoring the
sixteenth amendment to the constitu-'
tion ' prohibiting States from disfran
chising persons on, account of sex; -A'al :
tj The Senate, then; resumed the consid
eration of Edmunds' resolution "affirm-j
ing the validity of the thirteenth, four
teenth and fifteenth amendments.
Morgan, of Alabama, continued his ar
gument in favor of his own substi
tute. ' -;
The vice-president laid before the
Senate' 'a-' communication from the
Secretary of War, enclosing a letter
from Gen. Humphreys, chief engineer;
vrith regard to the plan 1 lor a national
survey, prepared by . the academy of
sciencee. After a long review of the
statements made by the superintendent
of the coast survey, Gen Humphreys
says experience gives no reason for be-;
lie ving that a national survey can ne
executed at less cost than $49,000 for a
rough topographical survey, based on:
astronomical determinations : $62,000,-
000 for the same based on trianguld
tion and, $168,000,000 for a thorough.
cadastrale survey. The area considered!
in these estimates. 4s; only thateof the
States admitted before 1860, excluding
Canforriiai'Texas ahdtregon r i ' --i
The Secretary of War also transmits
ted a letter from Commissary GenMc
Feely, showing that his department
would be thoroughly crippled by the
adoption of the system of organization
required by the Burnside bill. -. I ' ':
The Senate, at SJ30, on motion of Ran
som, went into executive session, 4uid
which the doors were re-opened at 3.35,
adjourned until Monday. '
House. The House has fairly
launched on the long-impending debate
on Southern war claims. The discus
sion has been opened by Chalmers, of
Mississippi He cared nothing for the
payment of loyal Southern claims be
cause loyalty., tq the .Unionduring the
war meant "disloyalty to everything
that he held dear.- -That' many- men, in
the SouttLhad been loyal to the Union
was nevertheless true, andV.he did not
deny the cheap political capital that the
Union ' Soldier - could make by telling
such. men. that Jie .had ; nomore confi
dence in their nbnesty tban a mouse
had in a-stuffeiff cafskin.4 The! claim
now presented came from women and
children against whom the statute of
limitation seldom ran. The gentleman .
from Wisconsin (Bragg) taking advan
tage of the well known opposition e very
where, sought to blend war.laims with
claims for Southern improvements, and
endeavored to throw the odor of v his
dead cat over them. That gentleman
announced in advance that he was un
willing to trust, the .honesty, of either
claimants or courts." Such readiness. to
suspect corruption in others sometimes
indicated innate .tendency to corruption
in oneself, and he should: therefore not
charge corruption in any one.
The issues of the war were certainly
dead with him. He had but one politi
cal faith to preserve inviolate local
self-government; but one political
hope to build up the waste places in
the South destroyed by the war. He
called attention to the difference be
tween the speech made by the gentle
man from Wisconsin (Mr. Bragg,) not
as toned down in the Record but as de
livered and partially published in-the.
New York Herald, and the speech
coming from the Republican member
from New Hampshire (Mr. Blair), both
of which appeared in the Record on" the
same-dayr- -t i:-rr :.
When the West had. been .miitsin-
fancy, it. had been fostered by the South.
Mississippi Democrats had stood side
by side with those from Michigan in
the work of" western improvements!:
He ; liad warned Northern Democrats
last session that a ref usalto recognize:
the just demands of the South might re
sult in defeat of Souther n Democrats'
and sendinsj- of -other 'representatives'
who would form" alliances with other
The . rapid growth, of independent
candidates in the. South had alreadv sus
tained his declaration. He had nothing-
to take back not a line, not a syllable.
lie reported what he had then said: he
hoped that the solid South might still
be solid for. the Democratic party but
lor that portion of it that had courage
and manliness to treat the people of
the South as equals and not as inferiors
in tne union.
The gentleman -from Wisconsin, aftet
having slept on his speech for nearly a
year, and . after . f nursing ;.his wrath to
keen it-warm. , had, come i forward to
excommunicate -Mta -s (Mtf Chalmers)
xihjiu tue Dcmucrduu cnurun i anu to
give a general ticket of leave to the rest
of the (Southern men who dared ask for
justice and for an equal distribution of
taev appropriations from the Federal
treasury. He (MrBragg) had assumed
to speak in the name of the Northern
Democrats, and everflf he-'tkadrUtbori
ty thus to speak it was the first time
anybodvihad ever heard of the minority
undertaking to turn out the majority of
a party But , this great leader from
the solid Democratic State of Wisconsin
proposed to show him to the door of
the Democratic - party J and when the
South asked for a small proportion of
-goyernment aidi he treated iter like a
mendicant and said to her like Yon
Jbeekman .to old Rip Van Winkle
"Give her?a oold potatoeiand let her.
As a representative of the Northern
Democrats the gentleman from Wis
consin had stated that they would not
1 Bell out bod v and soiil to -'the Southern
Democrat andn iraatedthat they
the" North without the South than with
appointed that gentleman salesman of
the Northefri iDemdcrats. - How many
NortherritDemocrata could, he deliver
evenifhefoundarmrchaserV r,r :
That gentleman reminded him of the
cowboys" and sklimers" of the revo
3fltiavtvip.t'Whc? belonged w neither
nartv. but'rbbbed indiscriminately from
both and fled in terror when danger ap-
proached.' ' The gentleman - strucK first
on one sideband then ontner otner and
whenever a question ame up requiring
ed infraQticterror.-into the Bepublican
ranksioshelterMSlitical head. '
If .suchmen were.DemocratsupQn;
what princiPles:of , -Uemooraev 'do the v
stand ? -The . principles of the Demo?
cratielpartyat the end of the war had
ueea npeaQP jesiorauon ; t xnat tne
dead past might bury itsdeait'and that;
tu-:"-viouuytiuirb"-snouut - wave- alone
from therflagpole ofi theiRepublican
banner,. But the gentleman from Wis
consin had found a blfiodierfifiirt than
had ever waved from 1 the battle
ments of the Republican party, and he
was stretching bis, legs in ,alrantic
effort to climb up to the Republican
platform and rob it of its last baaner.
After several speechesmost oi them
made by "Mississippi member?, the Re
bate was brought to an abrupt termina
tion by the-'xpiration ''of the morning
niittee on the armv appropriation : bilL
After some discussion the bill was read
by sections, but before any action. was
taken the committee arose and 'the
.House adjourned. - ,-:
, . ,,. CONFIRlIATlON. .
-"' James O. Evans 1 was confirmed las
postmaster at Glasgow, Ky. -r
, . coaoaTXEE proceedings. V , -
The Potter committee, after briefly
examining Isaac R. Hilh who was dep-tfty".ergeant-.it-&rmsfor'the
inittee in-New Orleans, adjourned until
'"Tuesday, ts"y stj". '-esr: r r -
, ' tBalUmore Son.. ; . . '
" Under the title bf "The ' Compromis
ing States," : the -Age,- of Louisville, ex
presses the sound opinion that it is the
duty Of the legislatures of those States
that are heavily - in . debt to : make the
best compromise they can - with ?. their
creditors, and that speedily. - It points
out that the States of Tennessee North
Carolina and Virginia, instead of act
ing on- this' judicious advice 'instead
of meeting the issue fairly andf'closing
with their creditors upon the best terms
they can get, ; are haggling, -wasting
timej increasing the interest and spend
ing monyby needless . delays- ana ob
structions that should go to pay the
debts they owe" . The Age might have
included m the same category the State
of West Vinrinia.; -which shows no in
clination to meet any part of her rea
sonable snare ox tnedeot oi oia v lr
ginia: vThere is no doubt if there is any
real desire on the part of the defaulting
States to adjust their debts the time to
do it is now,- for every year's delay piles
up additional interest and increases the
difficulty of an' honest and honorable
settlement - It is admitted: that Vir
ginia; racked and torn and. Impoverish
ed as she was by the - war, and with a
part of her domain and population
wrested from ber and: formed into an
independent State,' is in no condition to
settle with her creditors except by com
promise. But on that basis some set
tlement might be made; which her credi
tors would be willing to accept as a
finality, and by which, she? would retain
that virtue which every State should
cherish her sense of self-respect There
is a strong party in the good old State
who feel that this ought to be.done, and
the hope is that it will yet be done, and
that the demagogues many; of whom
are repudiationists at heart will be put
down. With Tennessee it is different
There ; every possible obstacle has rer
cently been put in the way of reaching
any fair and reasonable agreement ana
ner new governor, in his late message,
appears to have achieved more in that
regard than any other one man in the
State., Every attempt at compromise
has thus far failed, , and although the
creditors haye repeatedly expressed their
willingness to have the debt largely
scaled, every proposition made by them
has been met with a lower one. or bv
such obstruction as would delay indefi
nitely any settlement Now the Legist
lature, in accordance with a mere parti
san platform of a year ago, proposes that
any plan, oi settlement whatever that
may oe agreed upon shall be submitted
to the people for ratification, thus giving
Politicians a new onDortunitv to work
further demoralization, whilst Governor
Marks throws another obstacle in the
way by disturbing the settlement which
had been effected with the railroads
which were authorized under the Brown-
low administration to pay their debts to
the State in any class of State bonds
This issue made by Governor Marks is
the more serious in that some of the
bondholders, over a year ago, when the
State had defaulted on her interest
(except that due to her own school fund
arid her own" universities,) despairing of
getting justice from the State, consulted
counsel in regard to the validity of the
settlement of . the railroads with the
State, and procured strong legal opin
ions to the effect that those corporations
could not refund the State's advances to
them except in bonds of the same issue
wnicn they received, if this opinion
should' be sustained it will have the
effect, to bankrupt every railroad. in
Tennessee, at the same time that it will
consummate the irretrievable disorder
of the State's finances. The . whole
course of Tennessee -for a few years
past notwithstanding the soundness of
her two last Democratic governors on
he subject has leaned towards repudia
tion, and it would be more nonestn-cer-
tainly more manly to repudiate the
debt utterly than to let it drag along
unur, irom sneer weariness oi conten
tion, the creditors, as m tne case or the
Mississippi bonds, abandon their claims.
The taint has rested' urxm Mississirmi
ever since, and she could not now place
a loan on any market either at home or
abroad ; In respect to North Carolina,
Governor Vance in his recent message
puts the debt of that State; principal
and interest at S27,000,000, exclusive of
the special tax bonds. . He says it is im
possible to - pay sucbra debt at its lace
value ; that he does not conceive there
is anv moral t)bliffation restincr on the
people to ao so, nor uo tneir creditors
expect it oi them. .. ".But" adds the Gov
ernor, . we can . and, should pay some
thing," and he states that he has grounds.
tor beneving "that very reasonable
terms indeed can be obtained if deter
mination is shown on the part of the
people of the State to settle the question
and oe none witn it. lie avows that
ne, is ready to co-operate to the full ex
tent ot ins power in any honorable ad-
S.-. A. 'I- l . . J U Ml ;
jusimeuL, wuicii, ue auus, .wiu sooner
or later have to be done, for the sake of
our cood name and our . future pros
perity.' .Against any payment of the
special tax bonds he sets- his face like
Hint&" A hey are not.buiding," he. says,
in law or good morals, unless it may be
as to a very small fraction honestly ap
propriated to the State s use and accept
ed by her. Uponr thesoi last the se
taKes issue- With'th Governor, believ
ing that however much the State has
been wronged in' the misuse of the pro
ceeds for which they were sold, thebet
ter policy would be to recognize them
as open also ' to compromise, , inasmuch
ai "some or -t-hem. are owned.byitne
widows and orphans' of the ment who
poured : out their blood iand saenficed
their lives, at the call of North Caro
lina." . It is hard indeed that the inno
cent should suffer "withthe euilty, and
unless these bonds arefso " tainted with
fraud aa to make them invalid, so much
of, them should be paid as the State can
Vttakft j upon herself to meet
ne moral arawn dv tne Aae is nonora-
ble to Maryland. "All these States it
says, "should take a lesson from - Mary
land. . mat btate was also embarrasseq,
and trot behind in her debt: but instead
of adopting the false logic of repudia-
uon, sue neia iast to ner gooa name,
economized in her government, reduced
her expenses,.;and j worked through the
disaster that threatened her. The re
sult is her bonds stand among the high
est now ui the, market Two hundred
and firty thousand dollars of the trea
sury renei .loan were sold during the
past year, .yielding an aggregate pre-
uixumx . uj.! uz,ouu, or nve per cent, above
par: , Honesty may pay slowly, but it
.pay best:.in,the.end, 4 .
,i'o demagogues the honor of . a State
uiay appear to he of Jittle conseauence
put, m the long run, it will be found
that apart from standiner hipbest. in't.h a
world's esteem, those States will be most
prosperous .who -have preserved their
integrity and maintained their credit by
payingtheir debts in full, or, under the
Circumstances of thft Sonrh: -matin 9 tha
best settlement with their creditors thai
"wiuiiu cneir: power.
TmACC0W BEST bWEETX ATY
The two stores In tha firlor A AIatatkIap hnrtnn
,Jan23tX ... -
Sentence of the Director of- Ifceity-eflr'
.i, Glasgow Bank. .
Edinburgh, February 1-The High
Court of Justiciary to-day passed sen
tence upon the directors of the City of
Glasgow Bank. Root Sumner Stronach,
and Lewis Potter, convicted of fraud,
theft and embezzlement were sentenc
ed to eighteen months imprisonment
The five other directors : Jno. Stewart
Robt Salmond, William Taylor, Henry :
Inglis and Jno. Innis Wright convict
ed of I uttering false . abstract balance
sheets, were sentenced to eight months
imprisonment ' -1
London, February l.-rAn Edinburgh
dispatch saysjthe sentences imposed npr
on the directors of the City of Glasgow
Bank created considerable surprise, on
account of their leniency. Lord Justice
Moncrieff,the presiding judge4n passing
the judgment of the court said ne con
sidered the circumstance that the pris
oners had not falsified the accounts for
their own ; personal benefit but in the
mistaken idea that it was for the pub
lic good. T
i-. ,uV i ii i t m l mm . " " ' ' .. . .-."i
The Alabama Legislature and the Son
:.: thern Pacific!
Montgomert, Ala February 1.
The committee on: federal relations in
the House of Representatives has re
ported unanimously in favor of aid to
the trans-continental line, on the thirty-;
second parallel, -to the Pacific Ocean,
but the House, not deeming it necessary
to express an opinion or instruct the
Senators and Representatives, recom
mitted the resolution, s
Tbe J)esth-BMet ; - -
. . .
Ovur country is getting to be feaifallr alarming,
tne average oi llle being lessened every year, with
out any reasonable cause, death resulting general
ly from the most Insignificant origin. At this sea
son of the year especiauy, a cold Is such a common
thing that in the hurry, of every day life we are apt
to overlook the dangers attending it and often find
too late, that a Fever or Lung trouble has already
set In. 'Thousands lose their lives In this way ev
ery winter, whUe had Boscheb'b Gbbman Stkot
been taken, a cure would hay resulted, and a large
bill from a doctor been avoided. Tor all diseases
of the Throat and : Lungs, Boschxb's Gzbman
Stbup has proven Itself to be the greatest discov
ery of Its kind in medicine. . Every Druggist In this
country will tell you of its wonderful effect Over
950,000. bottles sold last year without a single
failure known. s
TELEGRAPHIC JIAEKET REPORTS.,
FDBRUARV 1, 1879
Cincinnati Flour quiet; family 4.25a5.25.
Wheat steady; red and white 90a96. Corn higher
at 82W Oats steady and unchanged. Pork
steady and firm at 9.75al0.00. Lard dull; steam
6.3a Bulk meats shoulders 3.50, clear ribs 4.60,
dear sides 4.85; bacon quiet; shoulders 4, clear
ribs 5, clear sldes5. Whiskey steady at 1.02.
Butter duU; fancy Western reserve 16al8, prime
to choice do 15al6, do central Ohio 13al5. Sugar
firm and unchanged; hards 9Vial0, A white 81a
9 New Orl eans 5a7Vi. Hogs active, firm and
higher; packing 3.65a80.
Norfolx Quiet; middling 9ic.; net receipts
2,526; gross ; stock 22.153; exports coastwise
1,030; sales 615; exports to Oreat Britain 2550.
LTtkbpool Noo Dull and easier. . Uplands
55-16, Orleans, 5, low middling uplands ,
good ordinary uplands , ordinary uplands .
sales 6,000, speculation and export 1,000, re
ceipts 19,000, American 18,500. iutures sellers
-32 decline. Uplands low middling clause: January
delivery , January and February , February
and March 5 5-16, March and April 5 1 1-32, April
and May Sftu May and June 5 13-32, June and Ju
ly 5 15-32. July and August , August and Sep
tember , September and October . New crop
shipped January and February per sail , Decem
Nw York Futures closed steady.
Nx w York Moner 1.02t&a3. Exchanee 4.84la5.
Governments steady. New 5's 1.04?g. State bonds
CITY COTTON MARKET.
, -. : ; y" Omci or tbx Obskbtbr,
Cbabuxtts, .February 2. 1879. 1
The market yesterday closed dull, as follows
Strict low middling. ; 8
Lower grades 6a
8. 8. PEGRAM has withdrawn from the firm ot
PEttRAM k CO. All persons who owe the .late
firm, prior to February 1st, 1879, must call and
seme wnn regram a cw.
We will continue the Boot and Shoe business at
the same stand as before, First National Bank
building, 'Charlotte, N. C.
February 2, 1879. -,:-
Home and Democrat copy.
I take this method to Inform the nubile in Char
lotte that I am now forming a class to whom I pro
pose 10 leacn dook seeping in an its prancnes. My
experience in book keeping for twenty-are years is
a guarantee that the
traction given the class
will be thorough and com
lete. The class will be
formed on the third day of February.
" Terms Day class, $20 (24 lessons).
? ' Night " 25 (24 lessons).
I will also undertake to open up or balance
books, and adjust accounts when desired.
, i F. FANNING.
Jan. 31-1 w. ' ,
BT THE .
MENDELSSOHN QUINTETTE CLUB
is . " of Boston. .
Given under the auspices of the . Gounod Musical
', - U1UD. ' '
The Grandest Musical Treat ever offered thePeo-
, pie oi Charlotte. .
ONE NIGHT' ONLY ! . ONE NIGHT ONLY !
j ' Charlotte Opera House, Thursday, Feb'j 6th.
, . Popular prices Reseived Beats 75 cents.
-" Concerbegins promptly at .8 o'clock,' pi m.
- .Tickets on sale at Cigar Stand, Central Hotel. "
Feb.2-4L . ; - " ; -
JROUDE'8 HISTORY OF ENGLAND,- ? ri
. 12'vblnmes tl5.00.v ; 'VI '.'"y":-' .
, A TJNT CHARLOTTE'S STORY' t ,!
tl- - , --,- , ,.
: Of English, French and Creek History.
nnHE FAMILY ,
JU - ' 4 -
Library of BritlslJ Poetry, Z6.50. ! i
. And other poems by" Annie V. Duffy; $1.50.
HE ANGEL IN THE CLOUD, ;
By E. W, Fuller, fri.BoV
rpHE VISION OF ECHARD,
:i; By J.'G.'whittler, 81.25.'- "
HEW BOOKS RECEIVED, ' . S i ;.- i "
' v At TIDDY 3c DROS.
- Knlghta' Popular History of England, 8 volumes
Jan29 - - - - " '
PHOTOGRAPHS , '-.Zv
- In consequence of the reduotjon in the pripe of
ue original cost oi materials, and in order to give
my patrons the benefit of the reduction from and
after this date Photographs wijl be taken at my
Gallery at ' . , , . . y - -
-s. " ' ' "' ' REDUCED RATEsi ,
sept22 f f, H. yAN HESS
' BUTLER'S ,
$ v v s . .
; Stove andHardware House for
Buy your COOK STOVES om me, as I have la
good reasons why they win do your work Quick ami
Easy, Cheap and Clean :
They are cheapest to buy.
BECAUSE ' - ; ,
They are best to use. - ; '
BECAUSE ' ;
i They bake evenly and quickly. i -
Their operation Is perfect. y -j
They always have a good draft?
They are made of the best matertaL
They roast perfectly.
BECAUSE - - !
They require but little fueL
They are very low prleed.'
BECAUSE I '
. They aze easily managed.
BECAUSE : i ' i .
J They suited to an localities.
BECAUSE r' ,- ' ,
Every Stove is guaranteed to give satisfaction
TUST IN TIME. . , "
e have just received a fine selection of such
Goods as you want for
Such as fine Lockets and Chains.
Fine Sets, Seal Rings, Initial Cuff Buttons, Scarf
Pins and anything n the line you may want
tW CALL AND SEE THEM.
From Paris, France,
WATCH and CLOCK MAKER, GILDER and SIL
Trade Street, opposite First Presbyterian Chnrch.
Nat Gray Store.
Evert kind of reDairs made at OHM Sit. Hal
and warranted one year. 35 very -kind at aeweSzm
Bronze GUding, Coloring. SUver-PlaUng and Gal
vanizing made at short notice and equally as good
as uew. r oik aone ior ue iraae ax low nnees.
E3gr Apprentice wanted, with Dremium and trood
rRGAN AND PIANO Lessons given
by Mrs. 8. j
V P. Caldwell at her private music room
Caldwell House, next door to city doek. Terms
$4.00 per month. j
1W V i -v - : f ,.:
JT. MARY'S COLLEGE, ,. x
GASTON COUNTY. N. C
This mstltutlort. condncted bv n MilraiT itt thn
Benedictine Fathers from SL Vincent's College.
Westmoreland countr. Pa.. Is eleven -mtles distant
from Charlotte on the Alr-Llne Railroad. It stands
on we oia uataweu place, famous for healthiness
ana me general morality oi the neighborhood.
Remote from town,- it offers rare Inducements to
parents and guardians for the education of their
children,:-i i .sit ; r..,...i.;.
While Catholic vonthawfll hn cuvlnlnnalT tanrht
their religion, the children of respectable parents
of tU denominations will be received and then
moral training strictly cultivated. Attendance In
common at the public prayer rill be required of
au. ior the interests oi order and the welfare of
the Btudtenta, without any Interference with their
The course of studies is thorough and embraces
three departments: the classical, the mathematical
and the commercial, and also the preparatory for
beginners. - '
Terms For tuition and board per session of five
months, payable In advance, $65.00. - "
For full particulars and catalogues, apply to the
REV. STEPHEN LYONS, O. 8. B., Rector,' Gari
baldi P. O., Gaston county, N. C. :
On due notice a conveyance will be sent from the
College to meet students on their arrival at the de
pot. Day scholars will be received on terms to suit the
convenience of parents.
. Janl9 per lm
. The second term of the Carolina Military Insti-
i PfJJns on February 1st next Additional pu-
tms uvui uie uiiy wm ne received as day cadets.
x ucj niu nsyvn ua jauaaay nexw :
J. P. THOMAS.
About fifteen thousand-pounds of Com Bran for
Hue, at ou cents per nunorea, at
OHN GARIBALDI'S MILLS,
Feb. 2 dlw,
. F OR S ALE.
; Having purchased a nice line of Tobacco, at the
uovernment saie, - "
I am prepared to offer extra Inducements to bay
era.: Call early. . TH0& H. GAITHER.
- " CITY PROPERTY FOR SALS. - o
Any person desiring to purchase a well improved
City Lot, House with nine rooms, and modem con-
wnnlnnrwin AnA waII if mf.. KvIaIt VMyiHavi . wllifvi
five minutes walk of the public square, can be ac--
commoaaiea oy applying as
decl8 . THIS OFFICE.
FEE SIMPLE DEEDS, ?
MOST APPROVED FORM.
Just Printed and For Sale at the
v OBSERVER OFFICE.
' 1 "' I ' 'I1 .. I 'J I I i i 1 III I .
iRSALE. jtha 'i i''t- r '
The Bourgeoise and Minion type on which this
paper was lately printed. It was made by the old
Johnson type foundry, of Philadelphia, and was
not discarded because no longer fit for use, but on
ly because it became necessary to use a different
styie oi rype. it wui ao gooa service- ror several
years to come, it will be sola in lots to sui pur
chasers, and- In fonts of 60 to l.OOOlbs, with or
without cases. Address - . OBSERVER,
oct5 - Charlotte. N. a
There -will be a meetlne ef the Stockholders of
the Charlotte Building and Loan Association: at
the rooms of R. E. Cochrane, Secretary, on Thurs
day evening, February 13th, I879,at seven o'clock.
A full attendance is requested. '
B, E. COCHRANE,
- Feb. 3 td,'- J- SeCyandTreas,
URAM ft XX)..
4j J y.
S HO E 8
:-A ' A'
1st National Bank"Bulldii)g. Charlotte, N. c.
deel i'UGitAM a CO.
rpO THE PUBLIC.
The subscriber, Trustee of SMITH i OR ES,
begs leave the attention of the'
Ca nity to the large stock of
now In his hands for sale. It is believed to be the
largest and best stock of goods South 8f Baltimore,
and is well worthy the examination of any po
whether wanting one or a thousand pair. The
AN INFINITE VA3IETY,
from the finest to the coarsest shoe made. If jou
want a pair, or any number of cases, call, and your
wants caq be supplied. '
In hls connection-the subscriber would state
that If reasonable prices can be obtained, the
whole stock, both Wholesale and Betall, will be
AT A BARGAIN,
J. M. B. REYNOLDS, Trustee
Charlotte, N. C, Jan. 17, 1878 Sweotf.
NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
. 1 THAWS GOUiO KAST.
1 No. 8
Date, Nov. 10, "78. No. 2 No. 4 Dally
Dally Dally ex.Sun.
Leave Charlotte, 8.45 am 6.55 p m
" Greensboro, 8.20 am 4.10pm
M" Raleigh,- : 3 00pmi5.30am
Arrive Goldsporo, - 5.25 P m 9.80 a m
No. 2 Connects at Salisbury with W.N.C.R.R for
all points in Western North Carolina, dally exceot
Sundays At Greensboro with R & D. R, R. for all
points North. East and West At Goldsboro with
W. & W. R. K. for Wilminirton.
No. 4 Connects at Greensboro with R & D. R.
R. for all points North, East and West
TEAIHB GOING WEST.
Date, Nov. 10, 7&
Leave Goldsboro, 9.50 a m ( 5.35 p m
M Greensboro 8.28 p m 1 6.47 a m
Arrive Charlotte, : 12.25 am 1050 am
- No. 1 Connects at Greensboro with Salem
Branch. At Charlotte with C., C. 4 A. R. R. for all
points South and South-west; at Air-Line Junction
with A. & C A. L. Railroad for all points South and
No. 8 Connects at Salisbury with W. N. C. R. B.
daily except Sunday. At Air-Line Junction with
A. fc C. A. L. for all points South and South-west.
At Charlotte with C., C &A Railroad for all
points South and South-west
balxh branch. - -
Leave Greensboro, dauy except Sunday, 8.50 pm
Arrive Salem, . " ,10.50 p m
Leave Salem, " " " 5.45 am
Arrive Greensboro, . - " " . 7.45 a m
Connecting at Greensboro with trains on theR. A
D. and N. C Railroads. ' -?;...
; i ; BLKsapDiG ars riTHwr changx
Run both ways on Trains Nos. 1 and 2, between
New York and Atlanta via Richmond, Greensboro
and Charlotte, and both ways on Trains Nos. 8 and
4 between New York and Savannah via Richmond,
Charlotte and Augusta.
Through Tickets on sale at Greensboro, Raleigh,
Goldsboro, Salisbury and Charlotte, and at all
principal points South, South-west, West North
and East For Emigrant rates to points in Arkan
sas and Texas, address ...
J. R. MACMURDO.
, - Gen. Passenger Agent
nov20 - Richmond Va.
CHARLOTTE, COLUMBIA. AND - AUGUSTA
Charlotte, Coltjxbia and Augcbta r. r'.
v OnumitiA, & O, Dec. 27, 1878
On and after Sunday, Dee, 29th, -1878, the fol
lowing passenger schedule will be run over this
road, (Washington time,): ..
? NIGHT EXPRESS.
Goraa Soots. No. i.
Leave Charlotte, ,v..l ........
Arrive Columbia,....,,...... .......
Leave Columbia . .. .... ... .
Arrive Augusta ,
Leave Columbia,. ... v . ... ; .. .
.. 1 00 A. Jf
.. 6 00 A.M
.. 6 05 A.M
. .10 00 A. M
5 55 P.M.
10 10 P.M.
8 10 AM.
yft . Going
Leave Charlotte. . .. . .
11 27 AM.
4 10 p.m.
'4 15 p.m.
8 80 p.m.
Arrive Columbia.. . .
mcow uviuuiuia ..... . .
- Going N
, No. 4.
Arrive Columbia .t. . . . .
Leave Columbia. . .. . . . .
Arrive Charlotte... -. .
These train ston only
9 03 a. m
1 20 ?.m
1 80 p. M
6 80 P. M
Mill, Rock H1U,
Chester. Winnsboro. Riderewa
bunt. Ridge Springs. Johston. T:
ton ana uraniie-
lje, au oiner swwons wui pe
; fuuiuan raiiwj sieppmK itou upvin-room cars
on Nos. 1 and , Greensboro to AWita: also on
uiuuu wwiia wiiiinu reuiruau.
- - gnu. MutiawiuHi, vr. r aui,