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0 / 75
rs 1 1 1 imSUmmm i hot i TTMlimmmmmmuia
SATURDAY, FEBRRYS, 18fo
'foiJUS HDUrnOIi'lSrO FFIC$'' WEDNESDAY.1
Narrative of the Prcceedino and Text of the
New Executive Inaugural
ration of another Dembchctic Q6Vernpr
and Lieutenant Governor. ;
At 12 m. the doors of the hall were
thrown open, and . the doorkeeper ah-
noup,Qdp fas? aiprp.wh,rlpjfj,iWipvfieDatei
and "Headed oy its officers that body
tnen nied into tne hall and iook the
seats at the right of the Speaker. j
The joint assembly jra;.eaUed! ixuxk
der by Hon. W. T.Dortch, the! Senator
from Wayne, and the venerable door
keeper announced with becoming pride
and mlhjailrywthe approach of the corh
.ujniUeettaf arrangemetit8,-trnd-tae pre
cession entered tlie hall in the follow
ing order: !
j$htet -rJvstice Smith and Rev. W. 6.
jjadgeB.cA8hesnd Dillard, Gov
ernors vance ana jarvis. ana i,n;:n
mltUMJ, 8ehat(raeacbiJ'icnoson arid"
Merritt, Ki3 -ifeprefterttatives Jones,
The kind, self-poised, dignified, nanfl
some minisjtr,stM)d.and inyqked Goers
blessh6h;tneStaW 'ahn,nexr servants
THE TWO GOVERNORS, j
,. TJiQ.oath..of .office was then adiniBip-
The oath 'wasu tiered with a distinct
ness and carried with it a meaning verjy
Governor bowed his stately form m ac
knowledgment of the applause .JMt
'"earessea, xre ssempQt;a; iu wsnn
tneaxe, giwi somd.iejcpressloB fiy
views on public affairs. In yielding to
this .custom to-day, I shall be as brief
as the subjects npoj wliichLshall touch
will permit. As f am simply filling out
the term of an administration which
was begun andcontinuedso welLitwill
'4rbfc De rfifpnrposVtd addressVGeneral
Assembly formally rbich is in posses
sion oi so exnausuve a message irons
mv predecessor. Yet. as I sueak to-dav atilJarceiiiumber of mere statutory often-
their reaueafeand ibv Ahdir courtesy., as I
well as in accord with my own inclina-
. tions. 1 will make some., suffaestions in-
,wvMed. for their specialhcoiisidemtioo.
kV) . Government has ita. blessfrljj.ajiid itjs
uv" Vvj KJL. VfHJltl J"? v A H-7 I
inr. i rt iva
o -ation . necessary to Its suppOinttf -b
tvtletis. How to mike its.l;?MeMrua
' Igrt and tts burdens as aiuuTaa -possible,
should be the- earnest, constapt.
study of all to,- whom thei people have
committed their interests, either as
iriakere-or ::mini$ters of theTitv. .. This
' well as the shadow, and if it is as search
Hiagtta it should be.te Will not disdain to
look carefully after the little matters.
, rIn .f act the little things : should receive
; 'theV specialJcare and attention of the
public official. , It is here, in my 6pin
lon," that -those ;-who wish, to: practice
. .economy and lighten the burdens of the
people, can be most successful.1 -Arid
yet because of their seeming- unimpor
tance, these little amounts are so often
. oyerlooked or indifferent! vr examined.
' It is, 'often ,Sfdd wl iat if a hundred
dollars to" a' great governipent like the
.. JTPitf 1 Statp-s tir t.n dollara to a groat
tatejike Nortli Carolina or, a, dol far to
the aggregate" of . these very, .items : that
swell the disbursement accounts lof
these governments to their millions,
their hundreds of thousands and their
thousands. 1 The time was when in
making contracts for the government
the agent exercised the same care and
, economvs if he was spending his own
" m&ttey. Then we had true economy and
the burdens of the people were light
Now, with some, it, has become unfash
. ionable to" stand on a few dollars and
: undignified to look after these little
things,, and.the man. who attempts it is
by some ''Called penurious and laughed
at as an bid fogy. . r; ?
The people are as much interested in
how: their! agents perform their duties
as they axe in whatftbey paylhem. And
the retrencher; whose purpose it is to
serve the people-and not to-make a lit
tle cheap notoriety Jor. himself, will de
vote himself earriestty1' and impartially
to the work of . publishing ito'tlie people
how the public official does his work as
welljts'what he is paid, if he is found
to bevfiUthful in tha performance of all
his duties, cautious and. prudent in his
contracts and always on-,. tlJoekout to
.isavst every? dollar for the people he pcfe-i
sibly can, the people ought to know,, iti
' On the 0the,rhai3d;if he is found waste
ful or extravagant bii negligent or cor
rupt, or in any yav unfit or unfaithful, it
ought to be'kttown and published. For
after all this question of .practical re-
trenchment and economy rests with the
vwyjja j iiiey cuuuse wie omciais. up
. on. their choice turns the whole .ques
tioni ' If they Chbosel proper men-they
eeta i pi acuca economy. rnerezarftat
is that the; people are entiUexT t,ct khow'
the whole1 truthfWhdt aad 1 does !as
;weiras,.wha,lieeT that, when they
vcome to make their choice of pablirfser
vants they may act knowrhg5r.J -' '
gfetly excited 4iipw,' mis' quesjiob) bf
retrenchment. It is no hew question'
; withaer-I-have been laboring, for.it
' 1 tttersm & Iiiavr fitted, talkfed
. iotlt and; practiced dtu.iUnder its ban
ners I have called the people to rally. 'T
have worshipped at its shrine and 1 be
lieve it is for my devotion to its cause
for it is the people's cause that I am
tWlay so ,richiy rewarded, t wUl al
ways lie one of the cardinal principles
of Urt Political 'Creed, and'miwt Ite'nna
vl any pouucai party with Avnicli 1
liut 1 wanrthe substauce and not the hei'Uaa a large interest, claims ouri at
shadow the genuine and hot the false, itentkmi iThe State's, interest' in vthis
i cannot and will not yield to this cry
of false economy that stops the wheels'
of progress, undoes',what has been done
to help the farmers and cripples the ef
forts df the 'State to edtfchte tbe jising
generation. These are great interests
upon which ' depends the future great
ness and glory of the State. A wise
statesmanship in my opinion demands
inacuiere snail penOrAecrease in the
appropriations for the normal and com-
uiuu .Buuwis., ii wouia; do unwise to
culture or xoparaiyzSTts
department KalSfeteaibttUwo years
of the State to foster and -aid the irreit
agricultural interest That its work-iUahaKia'be cheaply construct
ings should as yet be imperfect and.its ed by this labor, to make them "contrib-
"Denentsput oimiy seen is not surftris-
Aei jBut:whens the plan of its.iopera
tions is better matured and the farmers
have taken hold of it more cordially,-1
hope to see great benefits flow from it
tf" the- fataffe'feteMrtBHrf ' the rState
Xijon which rests every - other interest
I speak of Hhesematters because they
have already beeni attacked by this cry
of false econ6my;"; i:
The property of the State is taxed to
, su ppork the4 State "goverhrnent and fori
tne support or tne county governments.
The whole 'arn6unt'r of ?tax collected ;
from the property for State purposes,
Including the tax-for the support of the
asylums for the insane, for the deaf. thp.
'dumb -'and1' the blind, and vth6 peniteu-:
itentiary, Was, asBhown by the last An-1'
ditor's report last year, $434,832.45. The
a?rsrr?ate 'amount of the tax collected'
jproia the same property ad'shownbytiie
sametii6rU&ot ftuporV $ie several
ronntv governments proper was Si 24,
WJM&AMto this the county tax for
sp.nooi purposes.- swz.i4ij.u4, auur.uo
have S1551.602A3 tax collected for coun-
ty'rfpbs'etS rhere was $917,369.98 morel best oebvnng; the -iWf
for nountv Dnrooses than fof Ttonvicts'W legislative "enactment V
iStatEpurpaseBXia2iff people pay annuWbettit isae intnisrway tru5Wiso no
nil. MAiiv n mi 1 1 inn at ha ara mnrn tji i
hurnenfi imposea . dv . me jcoiinueiSTiiiro
three times greater than those imposed
by the State. Where the burden js
heaviest is the place where the burden
ed moat .need helrwJSutlhe.reUef given
hpreicannot be so,easily;hown to the"
irjBtteea,aqi nenixus ui qcua uu xyj.
retrenchment is, l tear, too ; mucn neg
lected. And vet a dollar saved here s
worth justas anneji to the people as If terest of the State, under such rules and
It coUdbe demohstrated-shown ; by jxeations-as may be prescribed by
1&ifif,if,ema nf expense n
tnese COUnty governments isiueaumiu-
istration of the criminal law. . The JiMeffMeiH:
tickets and officers' costs paid Dy rxms ooaraa,
tha ,eoun,Ue&i embrace
UfTI M I I HI III III I I LJJ
but the aerirreuate is ereat.
I will here
make three suecestions by which
think- mnnev mav be saved to the tax-
!ayer without any detriment to the pub
ic good: First. By simplifying the
forms of all bills of indiptmentj Hov
often is it the case thitaliolicltor, in
iht huJfldpresSuw1 Of the court,
fails to put in his bill a " not," a 44 said,"
or an " aforesaid witn wnicnrouxMoms
of- indietmont bristle-rso-rfrightf ally,
Acta flmnmiiliiiA anrl. w.hp.n tha xnaJ
is had the bill is qUaMd fnjudg(ntLLmj. MmVP1
arrested. Tne result is a guilty man es-
We need a statute which enacts "Tht
very bill of indictrnent which,charges
in wdfais" yttiffldiayde'trmoiit re
gard to form the offense for which the
defendant is to be tried so that he can
know the charme,isr,tome.et halLbe
held bv the cOur
by giving justices of the peace power tjo
try and determine feeitaift'-petty cases
upon proper complaint, so as to iari
redued our! rowdHd State dockets
it mwht tn he fixnresslv forbidden for.
the county to pay any costs incurred inf
anv trial hefore anv luatice of the; Peace 1.
where he takes final jurisdiction. Thirds
by making it mandatory by statute,
that, in a certain class of cases, the so-
JicitOB!fUall notend a bill of indict-
ment before the grand jury without en
dorsing thereon a prosecutor, and that
the judge snairtravenne power in ail
cases and at any time before judgment
to direct the soticitOKtodo so.
The tendency of legislation in this
State since the war has been to create a
ses to protect private rights, which
were formerly redressed by civil suits.
Injury to real estate, injury to personal
property, injury, to live stock entering
upoifiattkis-after being forbidden to do
so, fesaoyingTor destroying mortgaged
property, removing crop by tenant l)e
fore rente and charges are paidaridthe
like, are some of them. The public ' is
not interested in this class of cases, and
the counties ought not to have the cos
rd pay.' "' Then, too, when a man resorts
to the criminal law, as is often the case,
to harrass and annoy his neighbor, and
it so appears to the court, the taxpayer
ought to be protected against the costs
in such rases. .......
I think these modifications in our sys
tem of administering the criminal law
coupled witn a rigid scrutiny or every
bill of costs to be paid the county be
fore it is allowed, will save to the tax-
pavers an average of one thousand dol
lars to the county per annum. In some
counties it will be more, in many less
If I am .correct, this will give a net sav
ing to the people of 94,000 every year.
But if am too higli in my estimate, and
it shall be reduced one-half, then it will
amount to $47,000.
This question of costs paid by -the
counties in proceedings in criminal cits
es is of much ; more Importance than
one who hasi never investigated the
subject is likely to suppose. .But add to
this the 115,000 paid annually for the
maintenance and custody of the con
victs, and one may well say "the crime
of the country is eating up the property
of the country." The subject is well
worthy of the thoughtful consideration
of the tax payer and the retrencher.
It is the part of wisdom- and sound
economy to make this crime contribute
as much as possible to develope and in
crease thevalue of that property wlrich
it so heavily taxes. And for one I de
sire the declaration-to go forth now to
all men tnat tney will nntt it to their in
terest, as well as their comfort, to live
by honest toil and labor J The man who
commits crime expecting to live in idle
ness while in the custody of the law,
will, so far as I am concerned, find he
has made a great mistake. , If he never
knew what hard work was the State
will teach him. 1 have no patience "With
crime or idleness, and. a provision of
law to hire out, by county authorities,
persons who r.oin mit jcrimaand wUl-Bot
voluntarily worlt to pay ior it, wju, in
mv-drfliiioijL tehrl tb'J lesWh. drnae and
relieve the bmdens that rest upon hon-
estmen.-;- . ;.' i o -.- i
; We have already accomplished enough
with thiscqiivict labor to teach us that
it properly, usea we can maee it an iiu
portant factor in developing the wealth
and resources of the State. - With it vte
have slowly but steadily climbed the
mountain side, filling here an immense
.gorge and there makings huge excava-
uonwi. a. splendid, pass way has, peeji
made tor tne locomotive, where out a
few years ago the way was Impassable
for man or beasts W ith it we have re-
mo ved,barrier that rose up in our way
mountain high, and when they were too
high to be scaled we bored .through
them. With it the " engineer, passing
under me very DacKuone or the-mighty
.Blue mdge; win. m a tew aavs. appear
on the western slope to make .glad the
hearts oi tnose whose j hopes . have so
long been deferred.
r .'.In addition to this great work, which
I wish to see push forward, as rapidly
as possible, there are i other enterprises
tot WWtptyttieni pt the1 ; wealth' of
the I State 'an which this labor may be
benehciabl mployedv The railroad
ffdm Fayette ville to Egypt,,.ln ' Which
road shouM, be secured,: and therf, the
(Up the fertile valley .of; the Yadkin into
the rich mineral deposits of the north
west. When this is completed the force
may be withdJ-axyn'and with It extend
the road from Fayetteville to Wilming
ton thus civinflr railroad facilities to a
large portion of our people, and greatly
increasing the wealth and prosperity of
the sections 5 through,, which it passes.
There are several snort lines or project-
Uhroifch' rwhii ithef "naVor fowl how
L wines ls.iwearvi tizht.'.but.JieedthjB
ute rich 4iArvestS!to:tbeir owners, and
much t , the, j aggregate ? wealth of the
But in the employment of this, tabor
fltoir OVA fArfjllTT I-rt-inltflPS fit JVinairtooa
and State policy that .ought to be ob-
served. .It oughttp be farmed out
wueie lb win uo .cpv nutuaii at worK,
and neve. auowea;tq(pejaje,y
woi'er. u oen wntcn is smoRt. ,
-be employed 'Will tioj?-be eomp'ieted in
ypara tn romy wrWfttifort
... - -J '
iuiu uvi umwwciuii i ul ijjfciHsaniT i)
slow, What. we don.owought to be
80 ftwevwat , thpsetiwhp are-Jijdirect.
and eontroL Tears y hence -may. wlsefy
rich.North. Carolina, to buildup her ci -
ties and towns andto'make more valu
. y wnsxracting lme t of
energies. This nrohtabi v ... employed, , .Thousands of -
acres of lands in the eastern counties
travel aiSMy&Uof transportation
which tend in that direction and wmch
conserve a .N ortrt varouna 'policy ana a
North Carolina system.- ; .j
: T verv much doubt if these ends can
tmiwit mi n ?inyn ill .liii liicj uciaiakuxv i -.
Ll : 1 .11. n 1
maniiesxeawjiiwuyviaiBtBuiuiuo o i
" l- A-raaA if i
certain tstatfl omcers ana cerraiui meiur r
4.i.. iwxrrw i
law. oucxi a uuturu wiu ub xico aauui
tofluenceTand, I have no doubt,
ul X?yr? '
OUICKHU UlfUUI0M7 W " A vuvmvu V I
victs or alleged failure in compliance
with the terms of contract. ; . j
interest, and ! a commqn
patriotisia4riequftre eeKHtizen of the
State to contribute all he can to the
development of her resources -and the;
IjincBeasei oiAexr.wealthkJoliKb i say a.
common interest V 'iesi'ircan aem
CurritucK is pecuniaruy miereswju. ui
jm- inrae -iii-the-value of the lands
Cherokee. The poorest taxpayer lnBlin
combe is interested in seeing KalelgbJ
xiaieigu m eeiug xcuiui, uu n u-
mingtbn put on a new era of prosperity,
and all in seeing fjnanotte maintain ner
steady step to wealth; and what is true
of thesefceettbas is" fafdfc every other
section and its people. The taxable
JWEerty! W iWWi oWMWft the
Tlfc?7,"r.i XL 1JJ i At to tvir tra
ast repori oi me auuitur.ia yxwfyo wytvo.
To raiie enough moneyjrom this' prop-
twenty-nine and two-thirds centsf on.I.W? pn,wwwww
p.afri himnrea dollars wortn or DroDenvf-f
J)v feneouraginffourwnfpebpW'm their
xjtwn trade and cemmerc artd by lust
and equal systebfvmMdrf,e ii?
in aiew jears double, the taxable value
of the property ,ihe.Statanait ay
be done. Is it not perfectly clear tnat
any one individual nmatter in what
sectiorrheresifltsi5rTOuld-only have to
pay half as much tax on the same prop
erty then as now; for as you inciease;
the valujefujthe property to-be taxed,
the amount of money to be raised re-
proportion the .awount. each hundred'
dollars worth of that property has to"
paV 'sivt''- v! i'h. f Witt. t-ti-
But this' commbrl" n4 com
mon patriotism not only require, .the
construction of our lines of oornmmii
cation so that they lead to'buithwn
cities and towns, but they require that
our people shall patronize them. While
I am free to admit that the trade and
commerce of the State cannot be con
trolled by legislation without injury to
many of our best citizens, I at the same
time insist that if the shipper in Ral
eigh or Charlotte can get an outlet on
our own coast on as good terms as he
can by a route that tends to build up
cities and towns of other States he is in
duty bound to give North Carolina the
So when our people can buy. at' home
as cheaply as they can abroad they j
ougnt to encourage tneir home mer
chants, their home mechanics, their
home manufacturers and every enter
prise of their own State. All petty jeal
ousies and rivalries between industries
and sections which tend to keep one
down because it may outstrip another
ought to cease, and as the devoted chil
dren of one grand old mother, we ought
to iaoor togetner to neip each other and
to make her prosperous and great
I hope I will be pardoned for an allu
sion to myself on this occasion. In my
childhood I read about the Governor of
North Carolina and invested him with
the highest honors that befall mankind.
As I toiled and labored on the little
farm by the side of the sea, in noble old
Currituck, I wondered if it were possi
ble for me ever to reach that high and
The prospect then seemed eloomv.
but I said I will try. Guided in all
things by the lessons of honesty ahd In
tegrity taught me by a pious mother
and a holy father, aided by devoted and
generous friends and favored by a noble
anu cnivairous people, i nave to-oay
reached the goal of my youthful, ambi
tion, and am about to enter upon the
discharge of the duties of that office
hiehlben seemed so far awavout of
my reach. Now- it is mine by the free
gift of the peopled bntl -still think it is
an honor of which the greatest and best
of men may be proud.. Although at
comes by indirection and by what some
may can accident, i thinK it none the
less great, l am aware of the fact that
while this position confers upon me
such great distinction it at the same
time places upon me grave responsibili
ties, Now my ambition is to so meet
these responsibilities as to merit the ap
proval of the people. To this end all
that I have and am shall be unreserved
ly dedicated. All that I do shall be done
with an eye single to the public good
and with entire impartiality. The hum-
oie ana tne weaK snail nave the protec
tion, in all their rights, of the strong
arm of the law. The strong and the
mighty must obey its mandates. And
in all things as far as in me lies 1 will
try to so discharge mv duties that the
people will feel as little as possible their
loss or tne great man who to-day sur
renders into my hands the important
trust they committed to him.
TIIE GOVERNOR RETIRES
The two governors, the Supreme court
and the committee then retired to escort
Governor Jarvis to the executive office
and the Senate retired to its own cham
ber. , -i
And with a becoming auiet. and with
no tawdry show, did Thos. J, Jarvis be
come the Governor. Lons live the
v I - ;- ' I - i .
LN TUB SENATE CHAMBER.
When the Senate had returned to its
chamber the galleries were crowded
with ladies and interested spectators.
The temporary President, Senator
Dortch, called the Conscript Fathers to
order, when, on motion of Senator By-
num, the Senate proceeded to elect, its
presiding officer. ' ! " c
- benator .Leach, ma measured, sincere
and eloquent tribute to the character
and service bf the distinguished and
able Senator fromriMaconpIslced his
name before the Senate for j election to
Mr. leaves nominated MrrtEverett. nf
Forsyth,- ;a.iif; m 'i'.n l
Upon the Dallot being declared, thk
vote was fo Mr Robinson! 83, for Mri
Everett ii, anu ior Mr. uortch 1.
Messrs. Lieach and Brower ionriiirtri
the President" to the chair, r 1
Mis confusionWas'the'truest mark of
bis modest worth," and his emotion was
-eimplv the overflow of a. tul te&rtM Tf a
i Dniilra OTnolIantlrIl J . ' i
Fellow Senators: The position w
TonMence' ana! : paialityTasas-
HUM 4- uvini, UlCVCUb 1 1 1 V
entering uponlta duties with anything
1 1 km- 1 1 1 m it 1 1 1 1 ii. tf -tn-f vr-n veTJnti nn an ro i
i4 1 want to assHire'yonbf y apptecl
' Linn Tinfl nisnnomiehort. hnTini. w.v
have done me;.butlahguageis too poor;
and feeble to giVe utterance: to the feel-4
ings and emoflbhs1 that my heart is so'
i .worthy .of .this, distinction, shall -be nsr
- highest, ambition: v ' .vai.t tu. j A:
XhanMng ypfi- agAm most sincerely,'
j signea me -is one! responsibilitv arid
Cha greatji importance, and a proper appreciation
the Senate ready to proceeds ith th y rra MEReHAUTa- t " - v1- - i J,t"KrOTiCK.',t h
disnatnh of miblin hnsiness. - - i BihX'J touuy w Zuinxavi .VHWOO 1 1 l.-..-.....
jr.- X- 7 . - I r . . . - r .. Lt f.'..:.f. M
SOUTH CAROLINA'S CAPITAL.
Anolher vcrtiable NewLetter from caumbi4.:
: v - - . .. t
: trOjirHtanrthdman. tit thA Ohsprvfirl
" ; -
r,TTrTJT1 Q n -rt.ts vfti1JWQ- prtV
nave to suDmit?xo uie?ciippina 0i iue
f" . ,'r' .. r
TtiBi; onpraaoTV iDe-'Denorinea m
TT ibU jxia vv&u uiuiivu i wti: i.: iiw'ijwwwvw
coast, where the ' governor goes early,
r-tr4-: rtkZilr a-rumA . o fanr Hava wiMi
CoL Xowrid6s ononis P antaUon. The
or - H fin! aw- nvlnr nroceed on
ir wtw flin. Edition :
tr - hnfltoT - l, Wn
moved from .the, Florida everglades
nearer hofne: 4VenlyV-yet a "mighty,
hunter," and of pluck and spirit tndom-
ita.blftliiij'.t!!irrt-r' .;-f ntiU'raa'T tO&Z tT!?t til
What's the use of carrying a pistol,
without Using ;it i.v Pastbrr; Bailey of
Xxlhgtod, thwikathat was wbataused
the kuimar of poorTOanffBeCkenaorr,
TheX3overnors 0Uards'.hopat theold;
y&ixtiffiM the company was abriUiant J
elegantly . represented ;hef
dv.tiarrv evervtnina .oeiore mem.
'The costumes worn gave renewed testi
mony of the refined taste ior wnicn
r.harinttfl hpllps ai-n so honorably dis-2
I'he bi-monthlv contest of the shoot
ing teamj M tftheijSichlaTjdiiiv' olunte
Ride company gave E. li. Artnur, Jbsq,
taicaptaincy - - ueuig MMffS&
newvernor s uxiaras
ifrYi)rkf ;bv?border of
Messrsi Walker,iEvans- Cogsweiii of
Gharlestonv"vnll be here ma day or two.1
It. is regarded as onje of the handsomest
The musical last night, at CoL F. "W.
McMaster's residence, wa3 well attend
ed, the weatherrbeimr Quite pleasant.'
The serenading club, on,, their rounds
C11U UUli 1UI MTBWp LUC1 c.
t -The Columbiar debating club had a
tilt yesterday evening in .the hall of the
Y.ounsr Men s Christian Association, i
,v -t 4 it iiuiiL an JJ.UUCA i viAUui- avi vua? . k
tioa of Ertiests on Saturday : tne "iiouse-
rmihg Will be doner.by the gerrhan
CAubind a select circle oi invitea guests,
in thffselesant dining room of the5 hotel
i.cOus.Germanfellow-citizens are gom,
to have a dance this evenpg at the ol
armory of the Gnards. 1
The Columbia office of the Charleston
Netos .& Courier has moved over Dr.
Walter Fisher's elegant new drug store,
jviain street, opposite lAuumuia uotei.
The Mendelssohn Quintette club, of
Boston, is billed here for the 7th, Hen
rietta Chanfrau, in "Parted," for the
10th. and Kate Claxton, as Josephine,
in "A Double Marriage," (the plot of
which is taken from the history of the
first Napoleon.) on the 11th.
The grand entertainment for the
benefit of the Lee Mausoleum under
the auspices of the Governor's Guards,
of which the gallant and popular first
sergeant of the company is musical
manager, takes place at the opera house
(appropriately) on Frt-day, 21st to
wind up with a ball at the armory. If
energy, zeal and talent combined can
accomplish anything, tne "re-appearance"
of the G. G.'s wiil be an event long
It would add very much to the pleas
ure of all interested to have our Char
lotte friends, the more the merrier, to
enjoy it with us, and we hope they may
numerously be induced to avail them
selves of the excursion tickets (good for
ten days) which, as I understand, tne
Charlotte, Columbia & Augusta Rail
road have consented to issue for the
During the discussion incident to the
proposed extension of the Air-Line
Railroad, several papers have referred
insinuatingly, if not disparagingly, to the
inability of our business men to supply
trade wants on as advantageous condi
tions as cities beyond our borders. As
if with a purpose, they ignored the fact
that we import molasses, sugars, crock
ery, glass-ware, and the like, direct from
the manufactories abroad. In BOtne if
not all these branches of business New
York orders can and will be duplicated
here. It was only a few days since that
the barquentine : Nancy Holt reached
this-1 port with " crockery ior Messrs.
Williams & Miirchison, of this city,
direct from English potteries, and if the
people of the State properly sustain us,
we will be able at an early day to sup
ply them with any article -from a mi
croscope to a sausage machine, from su-
?ar to coffee, from boots to shoes,
rom calicoes to silks, eta, at prices as
low as similar goods can be purchased
even in Gotham.
i , i m i i i i i
Excitement in a Theatre. .
, An alarm of fire, caused by waves of
smoke ascending from fresh coal put
Into a furnace, caused' considerable ex
citement in Masonic Theatre, Nashville,
Tenn- Tuesday night, when a large
audience wa? witnessing; the perform
ance bf liichard ILL by , Mr. John Mc-
vjuiiougn. in a tew moments two hun
dred persons had left the theatre, and
the smoke had enveloped the right side
or the stage. Jfivery one present rose,
and the spectators were about to rush
toward the doors when Mr. McCullouch
and his company came t hastily to the!
front of the stage and implored the
mghtenea people to resume their seats
as there was no danger. Gov. Marks
and others besought tne people, to sit
down, and quiet was restored. When
the act was finished and the curtain fell
McCullough made a speech, thanking
the people for manifesting, their good
sense by staying, and assured them that
there was no danger. The play then
proceeaea. . -:
i i i '
Qaickcn the ClrtuI
Don't let the blood stagnate In your veins. You
cm prevent its doing so by increasing its volume
and purity, by stimulating the digestive organs, and
encouraging assimilation, with that matchless
vitalizing agent, Hoste j V's Stomach Bitters. Peo
ple not afflicted , with-any organic of inorganic
disease,- grow wan and haggard simply because
their blood is thin, watery,, deficient in nourishing
properties and so -meager In quantity that the ex
tremities are very Imperfectly supplied with it, and
the superficial circulation extremely feeble. Hence
the bloodless appearance of the countenance. But
when the BittararOTsea'
the blood, the rosy; hue of health returns to the
cheek, the frame acquires substance as well as
vigor,' the appetite ' Improves and' no. digestive
qualms interfere either with Its gratification or the
subsequent tranquility of the Btomach.
h .'- Consumptive's Only Bore. s
Verily, to most people, whose systems are failing
or In any way outof order, Oil as a medicine, Is the
most disgusting and difficult to take. Few stom
achs do not revolt at the mere thought of Castor or
Cod Liver Oil, yet, when those appalling symptoms
of decay appear, which physicians and patients
alike know are unerring signs of greater waste of
blood and tissue than the nutritive powers are sup
plying, . Cod Liver oir la the most trustworthy and
effective remedy In the world. But repugnance to
its taste and odor, reduce the nervous patient to
despair It is then that friends and doctor can do
him the most Inestimable kindness he has ever
known, by telling him of Scott's Emulsion of Cod
-Liver Oil with the Hypophosphltes of Lime and
flcxla; toy truthfully assuring him of Its entire freet
dom from unpleasant smell or odor; of Its mar
.veloiiaqualties as a nutrient, and the miracles it
works, in giving tone and -energy to stomach, neiti
nf I'-snoim' ili 'w.as piain vas;..
jr Would. be .verv larce.v..'heKUift
" V . - ----- .
bJstates was -r
! 1 " L.i-'-i-' J-ii i-' J.U'i.'ii-.'i-'J ti- "
Having' met with, such Jtattertofe wicoesi fit , Uift S:
Wbolesatennl.Eetaa.CroeTT Ja t'
opened last November, and, Irom the tact that I
have received many . rderar from : marchants in
North and South CfcrollJaa,.Georgla and, JUabama,
I am eonndent that my iuccesa is certain, i L . a
above facts 1 have 6een compelled.
to. enlarge mj boatneaa a hundred perxjent .
f I compete wija any Northern.," Jobbing H ase
in prices, JccJ"An my ware I buy directly rr m tne
I ?actdrles: therefore It does not pass throti
ond hands, and I am enabled to sell goods as low
as they can be bought at the NQEXH. ,
'H - H
'n Kir- w -
PORCELAIN AND GBANITK,
Dinner, Tea, and Toilet JSeia we; make a Specialty.
' We have much oi this Kind oi uooos m swu& ai
present, anditni lew days wftwlH have ; ,
.-i : jo(i i -H'iiLL rr.-.m .'
; glWISM'EirgN VARIETIES OF
i vtiki&iTfal MAlJieEB TOOiET SETS.
Mkmer3na Tea Sets In nearly tho same propor
tion. 1 Our 'Betafi Shelves are eomplete-fiHed with
the largest and best selection of China, Crockery
and Glassware ever brought to this oountry.
Hueh care taken In packing. Circulars and price
list furnished upon application.
Thanking you for past patronage, &a, I remain.
r i- JOHN BROOOTELD,
- Trade St. near College, under Democrat Office,
Cnarlotte, N. C.
Jan. 22, 187& : -
SPLENDID .HOLIDAY ATTRACTIONS i
combination of the entertaining, the
and the beauttfuL with fine art engravings
and oil pictures In each number. Price 25 cents,
post free. Yearly S3, with an, unequalled premi
um, two RDlendid oil -Dlctures. Rock of JLees and
the Lion's Bride. 15x24 Inches, mounted on can
vass; transportation 50 cents extra. Send postal
card for full particulars. , Addresd W. JENNINGS-
DEMOREST, 17 East 14th street, N. Y. Do not
fall to see tne splendid February No.
feb. 4 d&wlm.
IF YOU WISH to engage hi an honest, genteel
business, and make Dlentr of money durine
the holidays, send your address to
feb4w4t 107, 4th av., N. Y.
CASES HUNYADI JA.NOS
Mineral Water; 10 baskets (50 Jugs each) Apol-
Unaris, Just received.
WILSON & BURWELL.
Just received a fresh supply otsuperlor Tea.
-gUIST'S GARDEN SEED.
A large supply of these popular seed. Just receiv
ed, by WILSON ft BOB WELL.
IN CASH WILL PURCHASE
A Power Printrne 0 Press, Guernsey make, old
style, size of bed 26x4a Inches. Was In use until
replaced by a new onv Address J. C. BAILEY,
Arittar TCntArnrfflA ftnu
ACUTE OR CHRONIC
Manufactured only under the above Trade-Mark
EUROPEAN SALICYLIC MEDICINE CO.,
Of PARIS AHD LEIPZIG.
Immediate relief warranted. Permanent cure
guaranteed. Now exclusively used by all celebrated
inysiciana oi jsurope ana America, uewuuus a
timid. HarmteM and Reliable Remedy on both
continents. Tne msnest neaioai Acaaemy oi
Paris report 95 cures outof 100 cases witmn tnre
dura. Secret Tab only dissolver of the DOlsonoua
Uric Acid wnicn exisw in ine isiooa oi Aneumaua
and Gouty Patients. 81,00 a box, 6 boxes for
Sfi OA. Sent to anv address on reoeiDV of nrice.
Endorsed by physicians. Sold by all druggists. Ad
dress WASHBUKftiS A CAJ.,
novT Onlylmportere Derxt.z3i;iln-6t.,N. I.
& & PEGRAM has withdrawn from the firm of
PEGBAM A CO. All persons who owe the late
firm, prior to February 1st, 1879, must call and
settle with Pegram & Co.
We wld continue the Boot and Shoe business at
the same stand as before, First National Bank
building, Charlotte, a. C ,
February 2, 1879.
Home and Deyocrat copy ;
JOTICE OF DISSOLUTION.
The eoDartnershlD heretofore existing under the
firm name of LINEBERGER, TORRENCE k CO.,
for the manufacture of cotton, in Gaston county,
N. C, is this day dissolved by mutual consent
U. J. JULNEBEKUJBiK,
J. M. LINEBERGER,
J. N. TORRENCE.
Femuary 1st, 1879.
The undersigned having bought the entire inter
est good will, dee., In the business lately conducted
by Llneberger, Torrence & Co., do hereby appoint
J. N. Torrence our duly authorized agent to carry
on the business of manufacturing tn our name.
. turhknuk, -
THOS. H. WILSON,
C. J. LINEBERGER,
G. A. GRAY,
J. M. LINEBERGER. .
QHANGE OF BUSINESS.
Baring retired from the
We Are how daily lecelvlng a good Supply of
l, FAMILY GROCERIES.
our old stand on College street, we will be pleased
to see our many friends.
We make Grain a specialty.
LONG A BROTHER.
ISSOLUTION OF CO-PARTNERSHIP.
The nartnershin heretofore existing under the
style of R. Chambers A Co., is this day dissolved by
mutual consent B. Chambers assuming all the
liabilities and collecting all debts due the late firm
in Charlotte and will continue at the old stand.
-...- - ' Ro. CHAMBERS.
B B. STEAGALL.
In withdrawlnK from the above firm I take this
method of thanking my many friends and the gen
eral puduc ior tneir pasi iavors ana trust tney will
extend a continuance of their patronage to my suc
cessor. B. R. SIEAGALV-
ofeb6 . r 1 i--" . , h.
TTB-XO TEA. " 1 -',
FUSE, GCOD AND CBEAP.
' WILSON 6 BUR WELL," jbenl, .
ie rppwer conferred in mortgage
mifaofl and Laura H-Wiitinaon
to the, Charlotte , BmitUns:- and Loan
wIB sell at public auction, a ; bouse and lot of land
fronUne on the liVO: .BMlroa to' sauaa No. 58."
pwginnuigfaa Bxastt.on.uie u uauroaa ana run
ning wiin saia roaa wua. jnuupr corner, inence
witn nerime iuieet co a siaxe, mence parallel
with said railroad 4 9 feet toJ.B. Shannonhouse's
hne, thence to the beginning,- - which is now
claimed suoject to said mortgage Dy K. W. jieuon.
Said property to be sold at the court house door In
tne city oi cnarlotte on tne 1st Monday m March,
Building and Loan Association being $229.25,
with coat of advertising and sale.
decl9 tds. 'i ' Setfy Bnd Treaa.
D. G. M1XWBLL.
a F. BABBISONi
AUCTION and COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
Buy and sell on consignment all kinds of
MERCHANDISE AND COUNTRY PRODUCE;
Will give strict personal
attention to all business entrusted to our care.
Four doors above Charlotte Hotel.
JOIN your hands all friends of taste
QN my bar only the best is placed.
gANDWiCH. Pretzel, Wine, Whiskey, Beer,
JjACH man 11 receive right real, good cheer,
JJ LEASE step tn, my hall inspect,
JEAR It, you'U see more than you'll expect
TpRENCH, German, Domestic Brandles,Wine,
J try each customer's taste to refine,
gUCH Sandwich novel and Pretzel's good,
QONTAINS my bar, most delicious food,
JJAYING Cheese and Sausage In bill of fare,
JACH glass of Beer, or Gth will bear .
gAVANT Judgment and taste most rare.
gEE connoiseu.r't lips as In sips he drinks
-pACH sip he takes proves what he thinks,
RIGHT off one more he calls as to his friend
DURHAM WHISKEY. I DURHAM WHISKE T
URHAM WHISKEY. I DURHAM WHISKE I
LABORATOET OF 8TATK ASSATEB AND CHEMIST, I
Richmond, Va., September 7th, 1878. f
I have carefully tested a sample of "Durham Rye
Whiskey" selected by myself from the stock of
Messrs. Ellison A Harvey, and find It free from
adulteration. It is an excellent article of Whiskey,
and altogether suitable for use as a beverage or
medicine. ISlgned W. H. TAYLOR, M. D.,
This superior OLD VIRGINIA WHISKEY, equal
to any made In this country, Is now In the hands of
over 250 dealers In Virginia, North Carolina, Geor
gia, Louisiana and New York City, and not a sin
gle complaints having come to us from any one of
them, and many saying It Is the best article they
ever handled, we feel Justified in recommending
It to all who wish to get a really pure article of
None genuine unless bearing our trade mark.
Can for "DURHAM", at W R. COCHRANE'S, Cen
tral Hotel, and all other flrst-class houses.
ELLISON A HARVEY,
3 an 19 lm Richmond, Va.
INE FRENCH BRANDY,
Wines and Whiskies for medical
be had of WILSON B
Having purchased a nice line of Tobacco, at the
I am prepared to offer extra inducements to buy
ers. J&u early . xtiua. u. UAixtLcat.
CITY PROPERTY FOR SALE. .
Any person desiring to purchase a well Improved
City Lot, House with nine rooms, and modern con-
five minutes walk of the public square, can be ao-
commoaaiea Dy applying at t
decl8 THIS OFFICE.
FEE SIMPLE DEEDS,
MOST APPROVED FORM.
Just Printed and For Sale at the 1
The Bourgeolse and Minion type on which Oils
aper was lately printed. It was made by the old
ohnson type foundry, of Phlladelohla. and wa
not discarded because no longer fit for use, but on
ly because It became necessary to use a different
style of type. It will do good service for several
years to come. It will he sold m lots to sul p
cnasers, ana in ionts oi &u to l.ouuibs. with or
wunout cases. Address OBSERVER.
Da consequence of the reduction la the price ef
the Original cost of materials, and la order to give
my patrons the benefit of the reduction from and
after this date Photographs will be taken at my
Gallery at ;,.-...
sepiSB . , J.H. VAN NESS
TJH)R A FIRST CLASS 1
Smoke call and get a Sudor, at
janaO ' LeBOY DAVIDSON'a
T KB W. BATTLE, M D., -
V9 "iv u ouice w ue nrsi ooor -over
the Traders1 National Bank, van be found there
all hours during the day, and at his residence cor-
3feb7 8m r , , . . . hS)
JJSEME-NO TEA: 1 ;
.V-0 to Tea In Its natural condition; such as
ttie Chinese themselves drink, and for the follow
ing good reasons is sold only in original pound and
half-pound packages-. -!..: .'"t...tt
It is toe most convenient and economical style of
package . -t , t
l 18 tehed and packed where It can be done
cheapest and best , j T wjUUUB
,J 45 5 .S88 wentined by the consumer. i
; It keeps the Tea better. . , ""77 .
. It prevents adulteration In America.' . " " '
r.t w are the agents far HE-NO Tea In this cltv.
fT-enas 2 &Y? L II not satis
tS?SiJ W.WIU cheerfully take it back and reftJS
the money .- , - -. l. r. witrsT?T'W?Tr
KRK . RRR
-B R -
3 tiWi !!n .r;i .
1 IelebrateU V
O OE W T
O ER NNN T
O OB X NI? T
OOO KEEN NS T
c&et?$te'mo,i of smokers Ys call -:
p m upw uritna oi vie
: any ever sold. If mi uantrDnu
.Fruits or anything In the Confec-:
.tionery line, remember Uiat Perry;
: sells only the best
'pHE "RISING SON."
According to the command of Joshua of old, al
though repudiated by the "Jasper Philosophy" of
the new, is now standing still, at the Old Place, on
Trade Street, opposite the Market House, plus
Hornet Fire Engine Hall, where the light of reason
llumlnates the surrounding atmosphere, which in
vests all things with the glow of Inspiration, and
the world no longer seems
" A fleeting show,
To man's illusion given.1
Once on a time, in another Hemisphere, "Man's
Illusion" was checkmated and fanaticism stamped
out in the Holy Wars of the Cross vs. the Crescent,
(the CrusadesJ. Two millidn men were killed and
a pyramid was erected from the bones from nn
battle-field alone, near Nleve. bv Soivman . .
monument to their fanaticism, and the Saracens
drank beer out of their skulls. Since then, fol
lowing the Reformation, in Christian conflicts (so
called,) fifty million more were slain aU by Di
vine appointment," making probably in all, 100,
000,000 who have victimized themselves to their
faith. Peter the Hermit had nothing to do with
the latter conflicts. He had Peterd out some time
previous. The present Hermit who runs the
"RISING SUN" '
Is pleased to say that he has received his stnot
since Christmas, and has now on hand FERRY'S
CELEBRATED GARDEN SEEDS (warranto! to
come up without the vrutade of your neighbor's
chickens), in addition to his stock of Candies, Nuts
Raisins, Coffee, Teas, Sugar, Molasses, Flour.Lard,
Sardines, Canned Fruits, Apples and Oranges. In
fact everything kept in a Confectionery and Gro
cery. . S. HOLTON.
Democrat and Home copy.
MINING AND IMMIGRATION AGENCY,
For selling and buying Mines, Lands and Houses,
Advertise free of cost, all properties placed In nj
hands for sale.
THOS. F. DRAYTON,
Charlotte, N. C.
-T OR RENT.
FOR REN 1
10 Room House, two blocks tmm tmhUp annum.
520 per month.
5 Room House, acre of ground attached, four
blocks from public square, $16 per month.
7 Room House, with 6 acres of land attached,
price $160 per year.
7 Room House,
$15 per month.
four blocks from public square,
4 Boom House, with good lot, prlee.$i,200.
4 Boom House) with good lot, price $700.
wA?0111 House, with acre and half of land, four
blocks from public square, price $3,000.
7 to 10 Room House, near public square.
3 to 4 Boom House, near public square.
DAWSON 4 CO'S,
Old Bank of Mecklenburg Building.
J-JB. A. W. ALEXANDER,
OFFICE OVER L. R. WRI8TON ik CO'H
. . - Dsca 9ixn.
' Wtth 25 years' experience I guarantee entire
attraction . u,.n.y, t, Janll
"y-ILSON BURWELL, Dkcqgists,
.. -Have Juat received,!
Gelatine, ? '
1 ' Cornstarch, .
s-i ;,v Sherry WmeJ
Flavoring Extracts,' . .
: v. All of the best quality for retell trade
oeclS ; , u t
". METROPOLITAN FASHION SHEETS,
And Patttma of Garments for February received
- ; i-r ,' thlsday.at -n-: i
. Dines Luxury and EeonomT7t hn-