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0 / 75
Editor and Proprietor
"Free from the doting fcrople that fettrr our
THURSDAY, APRIL 1879.
TBB FB EIGHT QUfiSTl05 OKE MORE.
Thq railroads arealarmed by the re
strictions which have Sbeen f laid iipon
them by the legislature. Some of
them deserve but little sympathy, and
but for the ill effects which this legisla
tion trill : have upon the people The
Observer should concern itself but
little about the matter. So far as some
of the railroads are concerned there is
a grim, retributive justice in this legis
lation; for not only have they courted
legislative interference by their noto
ionsly unjust and oppressive local tariffs,
but when the bill was before the Gen
eral Assembly to grant the Raleigh &
Augusta Air-Line Railroad the right to
extend its line to Charlotte, some of
the railroads which are now howling
the loudest ; against this hew freight
law, were splitting their very shirts to
have this very provision inserted in the
bill granting the right asked for by the
Raleigh & ' Augusta Toad. They suc
ceeded and were happy. It killed the
bill. Then the Legislature, foolishly
supposing that the sauce with which
the goose had been dressed was a very
proper kind of sauce to serve with the
gander, turned aroundanxl clapped up
on them the same restrictions which
they had begged to have placed upon
the Raleigh & Augusta road. Presto,
change! Their jaw bones drop clear
down to the waists of their pants and
the whites of their eyes are turned into
the backs of their heads. The other ox
is gored! They pulled down the walls
of the temple upon the Raleigh & Au
gusta road but they ; themselves are
buried in the debris they and their
sisters and their cousins and their
aunts; themselves and their enemy
:inda whole parcel of other railroads
which had nothing to do with the origi
nal light which resulted in re-enacting
sections 1 and 2 of chapter 240, laws of
While, as we have said, there is some
thing very like retributive justice in
these railroads themselves falling into
the pit which they had digged for the
Raleigh & Augusta Air-Line, and while
this fact takes off the wire edge of our
sorrow for this recent , legislation, this
new freight law is none the less a pub
lic calamitv. bv reason of facts which
we were at pains to point out in our is
sue of yesterday. The railroads were
very wrong in leading the General As
sembly into unjust legislation against
the Raleigh & Augusta road, but two
wrongs .riever yet made a right; and
while on general principles it is very
well to feed all people of the same sort
out of the same spoon, there is no nc
cessity just because you have given one
child a bitter dose which it did not
need, for you to go around and drench1
the whole family with the same medi
cine. The figure might- be'traced a lit
tle further but we forbear.
Yesterday we spoke ot tne new
freight bill with reference to its effects
upon the railroads and' the people, ex
pressing the opinion , which we yet
hold sincerely, that these effects will
be very injurious to both. To-day, we
have touched briefly upon' the resuon
sihility' in 'the 4ca$e, ard now, having
tfted the question m nearly all fits
bearing The Observer, so far as it
now knows, is done with it, for the
present at least.
RIDERS KEVOLl I I0X CONSIS-
Mr. Job was a man of parts a dis
cerning, far-seeing man, and hence he
oh-ed tliathis adversary would write a
book. Job wanted the record on his
adversary the journal, the ayes and
noes, so to speak--and; it is probable
that he died wanting it. We are better
off in this advanced age of civilization,
and of gospel - light - tmch privileges; as
the Democratic and Republican parties
in Congress have occasion to know, the
aj . iia giet siwisiacuon ana tae
other to its utter consternation. In
short, when the Republicans had
screamed "Revolution !' as long as the
Democrats thought it healthy for them
and all on account of the efforts of the
former to repeal certain objectionable
laws by incorporating i the repealing
clauses in the appropriation bills the
jJemocrats reminded them that that
very legislation had gotten upon the
statute books by a Republican Con
gress attaching it as a rider to an appro
priation bllV This tvouW eeta to be a
.uock oown argument -: which would
close Republican mouths, but it has no
such enect. They admit the charge-
since it would . be useless for them to
deny it, the record being i against them
but they go right straight along howl
ing "Revolutionr just as though they
iiaa nc set the example.
Tnis is .Republican consistency, r It is
highly patriotic to attach a rider to an
r At. ms - ' . -
appropriacion mu- ior the purpose of
lorcing a certain law upon the statute
books, but it is, "revolutionary !" to at
t ich a rider to an appropriation bill for
the purposeTof wiping that law out.
- Southern press has don4 its part' Kow
for ludgesi-juries and gorernortf' The
haugtugof: tWtfr.threQ "genteel" mur
derers war stop the bloodvbistol busi
ness; Toothing else wilt: Every one of
the assassins relies on Ins money or his
connections to save him. Treat the
rich anajinnuenciai as the poor and
friendless are created, and tiinv win
think twice1 before they shoot once.
Charleston jxews ana uourier.
Our contemporary plumbs the track
gquarely. The ; press may preach, and
the public roll its eye4 in horror, but
this shooting business wU continue
until somebody gets hung.
V The Raleigh News appears dressed in
hexf tree and with . face, as fresh and
clean as if it' were a babe instead of a
TOteranl lts iaake-up j ia modeled on
hafc of flrstelass journals, it is as hand -
.mAfi newspaper as we have in the
State, and it shows now what it has not
thown for several-months past sys-
.tematic work. I
The Gay DECEiVERS.-The Green-
backers in Congress, after some of
them had pledged themselves to, the
support of Democratic: measnrea. where
the lines were drawn between the two
leading parties, hve . played the
Democracy false and are bothering
everybody in their futile efforts to in
fluence legislation according to their
peculiar notions. It is well enough
that the Democracy are independent of
them in both branches of Congress, and
can ignore their threats and despise
their! Cajolery. Their silly ; claim that
they hold the balance of power has
come to naught and a fusion with the
Republicans cannot help them in Con
gress, while it damns them at home,
since 5 the Democrats have more than
once i!sbbm ithat they have a clean
majority; 07el all opposing forces.
"We regret to see it stated in the
Washington correspondence of the
Richmond Dispatch, that our distin
guished fellow-citizen, Hon. James M.
Leach, sustained a fall in Washington,
last Sunday night which resulted in the
breaking of one of his legs.
ReDresentative Scales, of the fifth
district of North Carolina has ex
pressed to a reporter of the Washington
Sunday Gazette, the hope and opinion
that the extra session of Congress will
THE F1TZ JOHN PORTER CASE.
Salient Points The Defendant
Wasiiinoton. April 2. The follow
in 2 are the salient points in the official
report in the case of Gen. Fitz John Por-
. 1 t II A A 1 J?
ter, as caKen irom .cne repon liseii
Tliat the recorder has used creat dili
crence for evidence, especially such as
might appear to nave a oearing adverse
to the claims urged by Gen. Porter ; that
due care has been exercised not to in
quire into the military operations or
conduct of the officers of the army of
Vinrinia further than was necessarv to
a full elucidation of the subject of the
investigation : that new evidence, in
addition to the old, has placed beyond
question many important facts before
the suujecc oi dispute, in respect co
. . i i n i a. o a.
which radically erroneous opinions
were entertained, bv Porter's accusers
and doubtless by the court martial that
E renounced him guilty. J lie result has
een to establish bevond reasonable
doubt all the facts essential to the for
mation of a correct judgment upon the
merits ot uen. 1'orter s case. The re
port is, therefore, made by the board,
with entire unanimity, and without
doubt in their minds, with reasons for
their conclusions and what action jus
tice requires should be taken bv the
The board state the evidence, as pre
senting itselt under several distinct
heads, viz: 1st. Imperfect and in some
respects erroneous statements of facts
due to partial and incorrect knowledge
in possession of witnesses at the time oi
thejcoiut martial, and extremely inac
curate maps and erroneous locations of
troops thereon, bv which erroneous
statements were made to convey stil
more erroneous impressions. 2nd. The
opinions and inferences of prominent
othcers based upon this imperfect know
ledge. 3rd. it or more complete and ac
cuiate statements of facts now made
by a large number of eye witnesses
from both contending rorces. 4th. Ac
curate maps of the field of operations
and the exact positions of troops there
on at different periods of time, by which
statements otherwise contradictory or
irreconciiauie, are snown to De harmo
nious, and opposing opinions are shown
to have been based upon different
views of the same military situation :
and finally, conflicting testimony, rela
tive to plans of operations, interpreta
tions of orders, motives of action and
relative degrees of responsibility forun-
Concerning the charge of which Gen.
Porter was found guilty of not having
moved his command on the night of
August Vh 1862, in obedience to an or-.
der from Gen. Poie the board report
that it was manifestly a physical im
possibility to march over that road that
night ; that nothing could have been
gained by the attempt, and that it would
have been wiser if Gen. Porter had de
layed the attempt still longer than he
did: that he exercised the very ordina
ry discretion of a corps commander, and
that it was his plain duty to so exercise
The report recites at much length
and in detail the important events
connected with the military opera
tions of the ; 29th of August, 18C2,
and among other important facts it is
made clear that Torter's display of
troops in the early part of the afternoon
of the 29th gave rise to the belief on the
Confederate side of an attack about to
be made, and that under this belief
Longstreet sent his reserves from the
extreme left to the extreme right of his
army and in . front of Porter, thus re
lieving the Union army under other
commanders from this Confederate
force. Porter's duty during the after
noon of that date, the report states, was
too plain and simple to admit of dis
cussion and the board are unable to
find anything in it subiect to criticism
much less deserving ot censure or con
demnation. He had made freauent re-
Eorts co ms superiors stating what he
ad done and what he had been unable
to do; what his situation was in respect
w me eneujy ajm wuiii cueir screngtn ;
wnac ais impressions were irom the
sounds of action toward his right: how
he had failed to get any cpmmunications
from any commander in the Union
army or any orders from Generals Pope
or McDowell; as to his designs for the
right ; sending an aid-de-camp to Gen.
Pope for orders and receiving no renlv.
hoc even lmormation tnat the vital 430
order had been sent to him. and finallv
mtorming his superior omcers that if
left to himself without orders he would
have to retire at night for food and wa
ter, not accessible where he was
lhese reports were sent not onlv fre
quently, but early enough to insure the
receipt or orders irom .fope or correct
lniormauon irom Mclowell if thev hart
any to send him. The remainder of the
report is a virtual exoneration of Gen.
Porter.. The exoneration of Gen. Por
ter gives him the right of reinstatement
mm uiw army. At is generally under
stood that he does hot desire this, how
ever, and will not apDlV for it. He onlv
wants a vindication. The report of the
board ,will: be sent to Congress and a
pin passed relieving uen j. .forcer from
all his present disabilities.
The report, which is? addressed to the
secretary of war, is signed by J. M. Scho
field, Major General U, 8. A.; Alfred H.
Terry, lirigadier-ueneral U. S. A.; Geo.
vv. uettv, ungadier-tienerai u. . A,
Colonel Third Artillery.
A Cincinnati Etiaiiirer reporter, who
has ; been investigating ' the : charges
against 'Dr. Keif er, superintendent of
the Soldiers Orphans Home; at Xems,
0- states that out of nineteen matrons
in the institution sixteen admitted that
they had been hugged and kissed by the
1 doctor, some twice and others thrice.
The superintendent says in defense that
he intended nothing wrong but did it
to make mends with tne ladies, an oi
whom, however, declare that his kisses
were exceedingly unpleasant.
I JEASMVB1LL DEBATE 2f EARLY (ftl B.
To fce plosed jPriday-sHoar's Jiesolu-
House Committees Monday.
Washington, April 2. Senate.
Various bills were introduced, among
them one by Harris, providing for a
eaty with the republic of Mexico, 't .
Hoar's resolution, condemning as un-
constilutional "and revolutionary,' the
Democratic programme of legislation,
was laid on the table yeas 35, nays 25.
Blaine said at a future time the Repub
licans would ask for a direct vote on
Saulsbury made a report against the
admission Of Bell as Senator" from New
Hampshire on the appointment of the
Governor. It will come up for consid
At 12.45 the Senate went into execu
House. Efforts were made by Sparks
of Illinois, to fix the time for closing
the debate on the army appropriation
bill. Suggestions were made to have
ight sessions, and to restrict speeches
hiteen minutes eacn, and to ciose tne
debate to-morrow. Objection was made
to all these propositions, Conger, of
Michigan, stating that a number of
gentlemen on both sides have given
notice of a desire to speak ; also, that
many have prepared speeches and wrouid
not like to be restricted to fifteen min
utes, and also that but few members
would be present at the night session
On both sides it wfas declared that there
was no desire to shut off the debate, and
the Speaker gave it as his experience
that an unlimited debate was the short
est debate. That opinion was endorsed
bv Kellv. of Pennsylvania, who quoted
the proverb, "the longest way round is
the shortest wav home." and who also
suggested that as this session was a self-
imposed luxury, there was no reason
whv that luxury should be cut short.
The opinion of Hawley, of Connecti
cut, was, that as the subject was of a
most important character, it would be
ungracious to cut the debate short, or
to compel the members to attend night
A motion by Stephens, of Georgia,
that a vote be taken at 2 o clock hatur
dav. was voted down.
Finally, on motion of Dunnell, of
Minnesota, all general debate was or
dered to be closed at 8 o'clock Friday,
leaving five minutes debate still open
The House then, at 12.35. went into
committee of the whole.
The debate was opened by Williams,
of Wisconsin, who stated that two
things were absolutely indispensable:
the purity of the ballot-box and peace
at the polls. If it required all the pow
er of the State and general government,
that power should be exercised, wheth
er it be put forth under national or un
der State jurisdiction. He had heard
mnch talk about "bayonet government
but he knew of no government which
did not rest ultimately on the bayonet
Whoever talked about government
without that final, ultimate resort in
case of resistance to civil law, talked
The Senate confirmed Andrew D.
White, of New York, to be envoy and
minister of the United States to Ger
many ; Cornelius A. Logan, of Illinois,
minister to Central Amenca ; O. a. IS or-
ton, United States marshal for the
Northern district of Texas. The Sen
ate rejected the nomination of E. B.
Turner, to be United States district
judge for the northern district of Tex
David T. Corbin.of South Carolina, to
be Chief Jnstice of the Supreme Court
of Utah ; Thos. S. Wadsworth, of Illi
nois, receiver of public moneys at La-
Messita, New Mexico; Marshall K. (iet-
tings, postmaster at Carrollton, Mo.
some officers not removed.
lhe uemocratic senators m caucus
this morning unanimously agreed that
the Senate should permanently retain
Capt. Isaac Bassett, the assistant
doorkeeper, and the venerable Wm.
Johnston, well known as the keeper of
tae main door ot the Senate chamber,
both ot whom have been m the service
of the Senate forty years or more, and
also Mr. Amiza Smith, the superintend
ent or the document room, together with
two of the acting assistant doorkeepers
who are crippled i nion soldiers.
nri-: house committees.
kpeaKer itandaii will be able to an
nounce the standing committees of the
House on Monday or Tuesday of next
week. The Democratic members, it is
understood, are already placed.
m i i m
The English Cotton Supply and the Fu
ture of the Staple.
Liverpool, April 2. The cotton cir
cular of Smith, Edwards & Co., cotton
brokers of this town, says: "The visi
ble supply of cotton is 350,000 bales be
low that of last year. Probably spinners
throughout the world hold a surplus of
from 150,000 to 200,000 bales, and there
may be a little more shipped from In
dia for the remainder of the season
but in any event there must be a mate
rial reduction of consumption to carry
us through the autumn. Whether there
wirrtre such rettucrcotrarthe present
level prices of ;raw material, will de
pend very much on the action of the
government as bearing upon silver and
Eastern exchange. Even the slight im
provement now noticeable at Manches
ter is due solely to the proposal to les
sen the drafts on India by borrowing
in London ; but a series of such expedi
ents would reduce the already deplor
able finances of India to hopeless bank
ruptcy." Wreck on the North Carolina Coast.
Washington, April 2. A report to
the signal office from Hatteras Inlet
says a small craft, the Wyanoke, the
captain a negro, name unknown, leit
Cape Hatteras Sunday morning bound
for New Berne. The passengers on
board. Mrs. Rue and daughter, Mr.
Whitehurst and one other man, name
not known, it is supposed were all lost.
Up to yesterday evening the body of Mr.
Whitehurst had been found. A cratt
also was found bottom up near the
point of the beach on the north side of
The Terms Upon which the Blackburn
Operatives Return to Work.
London, April 2. The announce
ment that the Blackburn cotton opera
tives .of all branches of trade at their
meeting yesterday agreed to submit to
reduction in their wages provided the
masters would consent to restore the
reductions both this year and last year,
Upon1 the revival of trade, was incor
rect They decided to submit to the
reduction unconditionally, but declared
their intentiou to insist upon the resto
ration of the prices paid previous to
wb jrcai o leuuucion, wnen trade
in Extra Term of Court to Try the Mur
derer or Judge Elliott.
Cincinnati, April 2.-A Frankfort,
?atph sav3, Ju(Jge McManama
has called a special term of the crimi
nal court to try Thomas Buford for the
Sler $ Ju?SeElliott. It is set down
rlnd?7t APnl ?8th- ; Governor Mc
Creary has v t ordered an elec
tion to be heldMav 12th to splert th
successor of J udgellUott
The Depression 1 Great Britain Create r
Thta lcivhere Else ana a rros- j
! pect for Worse fines. li
z. ...... .. i. - .-.-x.
LbNDON 'April 2. Mr. David Mclver
one or the proprietors ot tne uunara
Line, and member of Parliament for
Berkenhead, writes to the Times de
clarine unhesitatinrfv that from his
Dersonal exnariHnm as a carrier he does
not knowt of any nation whose trade.
prpsita. at, present
Great Britain's. ' The depression m
jsova Scotia and elsewhere does not at
all approach the depression here. The
British exports to the United States: are
comparatively nothing, either as re
gards volume or value, ine urrasu
food importations are steadily increas
ing and the balance of trade is so over
whelmingly against Great Jintain mat
he sees nothing except ruin for home
industries, whether manufacturing or
agricultural, , if the present state of
things is allowed to continue. The ex
port trade from Liverpool to tne united
States is so small that whenever the re
strictions on imDortations of United
States cattle are removed, gentlemen
who are Drenared to nut additional
steamers into the'trade deliberately in
tend to make outward voyages with
water ballast onlv. without joining
in the scramble for the little outward
freight which other owners have been
recently carrying as ballast at merely
MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS TESTEKDAT.
How Then Went at Different Places
Throughout the Country.
St. Louis, April 2. Warrensburg,
Missouri, yesterday elected a Republi
can mayor and three out of four coun
cilmen ; Sedalia, Mo, elected a Repub
lican mayor; Kirksville elected the en
tire Republican ticket; and Carliles-
ville, Illinois, elected the entire Repub
lican ticket except the city clerk;
Paris, Texas, elected the people's candi
date for mayor he is classed as a Re
publican and four Democratic alder
men; Texarkana, Arkansas, elected
the people's candidate.
Schenectady, April 2. liraham, fte-
pubhean, is elected mayor. The Demo
crats have elected the treasurer, asses
sor and justice of the peace. The board
of supervisors will probably stand six
Democrats, three Republicans and one
Greenbacker. The common council
shows two-thirds Democratic.
St. Louis, April 2. Complete returns
now show that the Democrats elected
all their council men yesterday, which
gives them a majority of one in council.
delegates by a small majority over all.
The anti-charter party, composed of
Socialists and Greenbackers, polled
about 5,000 votes and elected at least
one member of the house of delegates.
Chicago, April 2. At 1.30 this morn
mg the returns give Harrison, Demo
crat, for mayor, 22,356 ; Wright, Repub
lican, 19,003 ; scnmiat, socialist, about
8,500. The whole - city Democratic
ticKet was elected by majorities rang
ing irom 3,500 to 4,500. The vote on
the aldermen cannot be given, but the
Socialists elect several. About 20 pre
cincts are yet to near irom.
The Silver Question in England.
j-iOndon, Apm 2. The siiver Ques
tion is exciting great interest through
out Lancashire and opinion is steadily
tending in the directioh of bi-metalism.
But interests in London opposite to it
- C 1 XI . 21 1 . Li.l
iUB SO poWBHUl UliiL lb IS UOUDCIU1
whether anv uractical .steiis can b
taken in that direction for a long time
A Squadron Swept Away.
London, April 2. A dispatch from
Lahore to the Reuters company : "A
squadron of the tenth hussars was
swept away by the current while cross
ing the cabui river near Emelsalabade
on the 31st of March. A lieutenant
and forty men are missing. Sixteen
bodies have been recovered up to the
Four Vessels Sank.
New Bedford, Mass, April 2. Re
ports have been received that four ves
sets are sunk off Tuckernuck shoal and
three sunk near Muskeget.
A Prosperous Enterprise.
The profits of theLangley Cotton Fac
tory, at Graniteville, S. C, for the year
1878 were $50,991. During the year two
dividends of four per cent, each were
declared, and the company has now to
its credit a surplus of $151,988. The pro
duction of the mill for the year was
122,683 pieces, 2,078,533 pounds, or 6,216,-
364 yards ot ciotn. uotton consumed
during the year 1878, 5,527 bales, with
an average weight 01 456 pounds 2,-
520,431 pounds. It is questionable
whether there is a single cotton mill in
the North of similar capacity that can
make as favorable a showing either in
regard to profit or product.
Betting on the Oarsmen.
London, April 2. Betting on the
race between the Cambridge and Coc
ford crews, which takes place Satur
day, is two to one, on Cambridge.
' There are Millions m It" said a drurartst, when
asked about Dr. Brill's Cough Syrup; it Is difficult
for me to keep up a stock of It, tot It sells faster
than I c .in procure It Price 25 cents.
Everyone who has
once used Dr. Bull's Cough
Syrup invariably resorts to It In subsequent attacks
colds, coughs, c Price 26 cents.
f NB car load Choice white Virginia Bolted Heal
wmcn we will seu at a very low ngure.
apr3 F. B. ALEXANDER 4 CO.
A Gold Sleeve Button, with cuff aftached. It
has on It the Initial letter "M." The finder
will be liberally rewarded by. leaving It at B. M.
Miners score or at this vr lis.
apr3 It ,
Dr. Bidez wishes to rent a good Piano for his
own use. An upright preferred. Apply by letter,
Guaranteed to be
TWENTY TEARS OLD,
- AT CENTRAL HOTEL SALOON.
SPLENDID LINE OE
Fine Teas, all grades, lust In, at
. , LeROY DAVIDSON'a
A GREEN HOUSE AND
SEEDS T ORE
AT YOUR POST OFFICE.
ROSES ! ROSES !
.Send and get my catalogue of choice Green
House and Bedding Plants -
We can send plants through the maU to any port
of the countrr. 1 1
C B. FAIRCHILD, . "
. Seedsman and Florist,
-March 26Vam. . , Baleigh,N.a
C R OC K ER Y
MR. A. W.LUDOLF,
OF BALTIMORE, MD.,
a man of unlimited experience in this tmssesa,
having traveled for 17 years in tne West and South
selling Crockery, Ac, for some of tne most exten
sive Crockery bouses North, has been nmwrtatwl
of this cmr,
in the above business, and the firm thus constitu
ted will be known as JNO. BROOK FIELD 4t CO.
Mr. Ludolf left last Tuesday for the North to lay
In the most extensive stock of
China, Glassware, Lamps and Lamp Goods, Deco
oraled China and Porcelain, SUver and Sliver
Plated Ware, Fine Fancy Goods, Wood and Willow
Ware, House Furnishing Goods, CuUery, Bar Fix
tures, and many other goods too numerous to men
tion, for our Wholesale and Retail trade. In fu
ture we wUl handle
SHOW CASES, &C.
Particular attention paid to having goods decora
ted to order, with any name or monogRM, 4c, on
each article of China.
Give us your orders. We sell nothing but first
class goods, and sell as cheap as you can buy at
the North anywhere.
For Mr. Ludolfs return, as it will be a treat to ex
amine his line of fine goods.
JNO. BROOKFEELD A CO.,
Trade Street, near College,
March 27. Under Democrat Office.
ROCERLES CHEAPER THAN EVER.
NEW GOODS !
Come to me for Bacon, Corn, Sugar, Coffee, Mo
lasses, and other Family Groceries.
Just received, a few barrels of Berry Foster's (Da
BEST RYE WHISKEY.
Also a fine lot of Country Hams. I sell for cash.
All goods delivered In the city free of charge.
W. H. CRIMMINGER,
Next door below Wilson & Black's old stand.
R FINE WINES,
And Pure Liquors, Three Years Old, go
Central Hotel Saloon.
B. ALEXANDER & CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
College Street, Charlotte, N. C ,
We handle more general country produce than
any house In the city, and still solicit farther con
consignments from all parties who are willing to
be satisfied with the best Job we can put up on this
market. All those who cannot be pleased with our
best efforts, are respectfully requested to send
their goods to somebody else.
TO CALL AND
The splendid line of
Autumn Cluster, Stuffed Mangoes, Tiny Tims
Also the finest line of .
Ever seen in Charlotte, at
Remember, this is the only first class stock of
Anything you want in Groceries can be
B xjelved from X islam North Carolina to-day
100 BUS3EI 8 OF THE
An! am expejUrg mo:e to-morrow
T. NICHOLAS, MT
AH.rnXAJL dULDRJUTo XAttAZIMX.
Messrs. Scrfbner Co., In 1873, began the publi
cation of St. Nicholas, an Illustrated Magazine
lor Girls and Boys, witn jus. uary Mapes jooage as
editor. Five years have passed since the first num
ber was Issued, and tne magazine aas won ine
highest position. It has monthly, circulitloti of
II Is published, slraultaneouslj . In -Londor. and
New-York,' and- the ' 4mnsatlanfie eognltWn Is al
most as general and hearty as the American. Al
though the progress, of the magazine has been a
steaoy advance, u nas not reacnea us eaitors iaeas
of best, Decanse her Ideal continually outruns it,
and the magazine as swiftly foUows after. To-day
St. Nicholas stands
The arrangements for literary ani art contribu
tions ior tne new veiume tne sixtn-areoompiete,
drawing from already favorite sources, as well as
from promising new ones. Mr. Frank R. Stock
ton's new serial story for boys, -
"A JOLLY FELLOWSHIP,"
Will run through" the twelve monthly parts, be
ginning with the number for November, 1878, the
first of the volume, and will be illustrated by Jas.
E. Kelly. The story Is one of travel and adventure
In Florida and the Bahamas. For the girls, a con
. "HALF1 A DOZEN HOC8XKKEPKB8,"
By Katharine D. Smith, with illustrations by Fred
erick Dlelman, begins In the same number; and a
fresh serial by Susan eooUdge, entitled '"Eye
bright," with plenty ofpletures, win be commenced
early in the volume. There will also be a contin
ued fairy-tale called
"EXJlfcPTT DODOST'S TOVklB,"
Written by Juljan Hawthorne, and Illustrated by
Alfred Fredericks, About the other familiar fea
tures of St. Nicholas; the editor preserves a good
humored silence, content, perhaps, to Jet her five
volumes already Issued, prophesy concerning the
sixth, In respect to short stories, pictures, poems,
humor, instructive sketches, and the lore and lore
of "Jack-ln-the-Pulpit," the, "Very Little Folks"
department, and the "Letter-obx," and "Riddle-
Terms, $3.00 a year; 25 cents a number. Sub
scriptions received by the publisher of this paper,
and by all booksellers and postmasters. Persons
wishing to subscribe direct with the publishers
hould write name, postofflce, county and State, in
fulL and send with remittance in check, P. O
money order, or registered letter to
8CRIBNKR A CO.,
declO - 743 Broadway. New York.
rpHE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN.
THIBTT-rOCBTH XKAB. -
The most Popular Scientific Paper in the World.
Only S3i0 a year, incladihg postage. Weekly,"62
Numbers a year, 4,000 book pages.
The Fcmmt ic Ajcbkican is a large first-class
weemy .newspaper oi sixteen pages, printed in tne
must beautiful style,, profusely illustrated with
spienoua engravings, representing the newest in
veuilons and the most recent advances in the Arts
and Sciences; including New and Interesting Facts
in Agriculture, Horticulture, the Home, Health,
Medical Progress, Social Science, Natural History,
Geology, Astronomy. The most valuable practical
papers, by eminent writers in all departments of
ocience, win oe iouna in tne dentine American.
. reruis, itf.zy per year; si.tH) naif year, which in
eludes postage, Disoount to agents, flugle oopies,
ten cents. , bold by 11 Newsdealer. . Stem It by pos
tal order to MUXN & Co., Publishers, 37 Park
liow, wew i orn
PATENTS. -In connection with the Scientific
American, Messrs. Munn k Co., Solicitors of
American and Foreign Patents, have had 34 years
experience, and now have the largest establish
ment in the world. Patents are obtained on the
best terms. A special notice is made in the Scien-
unc American oi au inventions patented through
this Agency, with the name and residence of the
Patentee. By the Immense circulation thus given,
public attention is directed to the merits of the
new patent, and sales or introduction of ten easily
Any person who has made a new discovery or
Invention, can ascertain, free of charge, whether a
patent can psobably be obtained, by writing to the
undersigned. Weals' sen free! oh handbook
about the Patent Laws, Patents, Caveats, Trade-
aiiirKs, meir costs, and now procured, with hints
ior procuring advances on inventions. Address for
ine paper, or concerning patents.
MUNN 4 00737 Park Row. New York.
Brancb Omce, cor. F. & 7th sts., Washington, D. a
"'HE FOUR REVIEWS
T3 LACK WOOD.
Authorized reprmts of
The Edinburgh Review (Whig),
The Westminster Review (Liberal),
The London Quarterly Review (Conservative,
The British Quarterly Review (Evangelical),
BLACKWOOD'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.
These reprint are not selections; they give the
originals In full, and at about one-third the price of
the English editions. -
No publications can compare with the leading
British periodicals above-named, reprinted by the
Leonard Scott Publishing Company. In respect to
fidelity of research, accuracy of statement, and pu
rity of style, they are without any equal. They keep
pace with modern thought, discovery, experiment
and achievement, whether in religion, science lit
erature, ar art. i ffhe ablest witters 111 fheir pages
with most mterek&g reviews of history7and vrtth
an intelligent narration of the great events of the
TERMS FOB, 1879 (INCLUDING POSTAGE):
Payable strictly In advance.
For any one Review, 8 4 00 per annum.
For any two Reviews, 7 00
For any three Reviews, 10 00 "
For all four Reviews, 1 2 00
For Blackwood's Magazine, 4 00 "
For Blackwood and one Review, 7 00 "
For Blackwood and two Reviews 1 0 00 "
For Blackwood and three " 13 00 "
For Blackwood and four " 15 00
This item of expense, now borne by the publish
ers, is equivalent to a reduction of 20 per cent, on
the cost to subscribers in former years.
A discount of twenty per cent will be allowed to
clubs of four or more persons. Thus: four copies
of Blackwood or of one Review will be sent, to one
address, for $12.80, four copies of the four Re
views and Blackwood for $48, and so on.
,Jiew subscribers (applying early) for the year
1879 may have, without charge, the numbers for
lhe last quarter of 1879 of such periodicals as they
may subscribe for.
Or, instead, new subscribers to any two, three or
four of the above. Derlodlpals, may hare one of the
"FoittRevlewe"at lsfsTubseribfri oVall five
may have two Df lhe 'Four Reviews,'' or one set of
Blackwood's Magazine for 1878.
Neither premiums to subscribers nor discount to
clubs can be allowed unless the money is remitted
direct to the publishers. No premiums given to
To secure premiums it wlU be necessary to make
early application; as the stock avattabte for that
purpose Is limited., : ?
Reprinted by . i ' i Ji i J i f t
THE LEONARD SCOTT PUBLISHING CO.,
41 Barclay Street, New York
, . . KOmCsS OF XBS jpHKSS.
Th? WKKkiT remains easily at the head of illus
raed Pepereby Its fine-literary A!tbe Theauty
its pictorial attractions are superb, andembrace
": S.- . ,.- . "i.'i i'.i ,
I !. -U .n . .tJu--.
Harper's Magazine, one year!. . . T. ". .
Harper's Weekly. 4 '
Harper's Bazari ' '
Any Two,onevear;itvi.4' .:7" : :
Slx subscripttonsi one year, - ' r-jv
-. $ 4 00
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Aoruuiror large UM tamlshM on apppllcatioiL
The annual volumes of Habpxb'sWkkxi.t m
neat cloth binding, will be sent b"xpress!fiee of
expenses (provided the freight does noteiceedon
tUper20 umeA 101 S7' each. A Stete
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ceipt of the cash at the rate of $5.25 per volume
freight at expense of purchaser. . ?:e
JIUbe sent by matt, iwstppnu receipt JLOO
Remittances should be made by postofflce money
order or draft, to avoid chanoe of losa
without the exoress order
itVKSf!? """ww copy this advertisement
Address ' HARPEB b!
ir A Brothers.
WHOLBiAl.a AHU KKTA1L
GROCERS and DEALERS teCOUNTRY PhTCT
Keep constantly on haad
KEYS, CABBAGE, IRISH POTATOES, Ap-
ruas. U1U FRUrrs, c
RAMSOUR A BONNIWELL'S and A. L.
FORD'S various brands of FLOUR.
ALSO, PROPRIETORS OP THK
i CHABLOTTE HOTEL,
CHARLOTTE, N. C
This house has been refitted and newly furnished
and is kept in first class style.
Terms, Per Day .j s
Great inducementa nffeiwi t..i, , ,
tyOmnlbus and Carriages at every train. 3
FIELD BROTHERS . Pmnri,
A. B. LUCE, Proprietor.
Reduced rate-$2.00 and 2.50, acocidli.g to ! ca
tion of Room.
Clerk, late of Hanttrs' Hotel.
'TOP AT THE
Salisbury, N. a
C. S. Brown, Proprietor,'
Late of the National Hotel. Raleigh.
C. & Brown, J;., Chief Clerk; W.
0. Shellmm As
Ve call attention of dealers to this celebrated
Whiskey, well known in Northern and Southern
markets. It Is smooth, pleasant to the taste, antl
perfectly free from adulterations. Read certificate
of analysis of Dr. Taylor, State Chemist of Va. :
Haying made a chemical examination of a sam
ple of Washington Rye Whiskey, selected by mv
self from the stock of Messrs. Lathrop A Leigh, I
am enabled to pronounce tt to be a strictly pure ar
ticle In all respects, suitable for use medicinally or
otherwise. WiL EL TAYLOR, M. D..
. State Chemist of Va.
LATHROP t LEIGH, Sole Proprietors.
1816 & 1818 Cary street.
;OLD ASHING TON RYE WHISKEY.
I am now prepared to furnish the genuine Old
Washington Rye Whiskey. It is of the most supe
rior quality in taste and purity. A long experience
justifies me in commending It to connoisseurs, and
ail who appreciate good Whiskey. Try it.
w ... . . w-R COCHRANE.
March 21-lmeod. ,
JOSEPH FISCHESSER, Proprietor.
BEEll, ALE, PORTER
WINES & LIQUORS,
And the best brands of Cigars.
Agent for Fred Lauer's celebrated Rep ding Eeer.
Keeps fresh bottled Beer on hand from Bergner &
Engel. Philadelphia. Sold by the dozen at a rea
sonable price. All my customers can be furnished
at home with the beet Beer in town.
ALSO A FINE
; BILLIARD ROOM
4 ' - ATTACHE,
Tryon Street, opposite Charlotte Hotel.
R. A W. ALEXANDER,
OFFICE OVER L. R. WRISTON & CO S
With 25 years experience I
JEAL ESTATE, .
MINING AND. IMMIGRATION AGENCY,
For selling and buying Mines, Lands and Houses,
j . and will
Advertise free of cost, all properties placed in my
' '' ' 1 Trends for sale.
Charlotte. N. C.
CHARLOTTE, COLUMBIA ft AUGUSTA R- R-( -Tki
Columbia, S. C, March 29, lfi"!'-
THE CoupoM oil the 2d Mortgage Bonds of this
Company, which become due on the first 01
April, 1879, will be paid at the National Frfc
Bank, New York City, and at the Central National
Bank, of this elty.T