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0 / 75
SooR acufl ion grtnttttfl.
ixaly, one year, postpaid, in advance ... $8 00
six month 4.00
THE OBSERVER JOB DEPABTMENT
Has been thoroughly supplied with every needed
want, and with the latest styles ol Type, and every
manner of Job' Printing can now be done with
neatness, dispatch and cheapness. We can fur
nish at short notice,
TAGS, RECEIPTS, POSTERS,
PAMPHLETS. CIRCULARS, CHECKS, 4&
Three moiJ'ix 2.0
One month 75
Weekly in the eounty), in advance .$2.00
Out (he eounty. Post-paid 2.10
ry Liberal Reduction for Chit.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, THURSDAY JANUARY 12, 1882.
l)e dtjarlottt Dbsener.
Hoots anfl .Shoes
: : : o :-
Lyons' Patent Metallic Stiffened
Boots aol Shoes
Wearing off at the Sides or Ripping
IN THE SEAMS.
Johnson's Silk and Felt Insolts
BH SUM A TIC CRAMP. COLD FEET. BUNNIONS
PEGRAM & CO.,
1 t l W
TO THEE I GIVB HEALTH.
"Excellent Tonic, Alterative and Diuretic,"
Medical Association, Lynchburg, Va.
"Used with great benentin Malaria and Dlph-therla."-8.
F. Dupon, M. D.. Ga. '
"Successfully used to dyspepsia, chronic diar
rhoea and scrofula." Prof. 8. Jackson, M. D.,
Univ. Perm. . , m T r
;:lnyaluable u a nervous tonic," -Bon. L u.
"eecojmrieBded as a prophylactic to malarial
dlstMcU."-D. R, Falrex,M.I..N.O.
"Restores debilitated systems to health. T. c.
Mercer, M. D., Ind. .
Adapted in cnronic aiarrocea, bcivium.
psia.-" oeo. t. uwraon, ja- - T D
iiurfni n inhthorin. and neuralafla. J. r.
Neese, M, D., N. C. ,
Excellent lor certain oiseB pwuu" "
n."-ProL J.J. Moorman, M. P.. Ta.
Promnt in "relieving headacHe, SK
?nus-Bev. K. a Dodson., , T .
'Used with great benefit to dyspepsia." J. Me-
RWiidto'bronohltuand diseases of digestive
organi."-J. F. Houghton. M. D., Ala.
"Most valuable remedy known for female dis
eases." Jno. P. Metteaur. M. p., L. L. D.
"Of great curative virtue." Thos. F. Bomfold,
M. D., Mo. - ,
"Beneficial to uterine derangement and mala
rious conditions." G. M. Vail, M.D., Ohio.
"Charming on the complexion. maKing u
smooth, clear, soft and rosy." Miss Mot S. U.
, "The prince of mineral tonics' Francis Wil
liam, M. D.. N. C.
. "inestimable as tonte and alterative." m
tor.Staj. M. D.. Tt. , n Wfm,
iwb appewizer ana uiwu inuum. - '
fery benefiolal to Improving rednoed sys-
T luvanas nera nna weioome ananeauu.
John Hannon, late of La., now of Richmond, va.
"Has real merit. "-8oaum Med. JoomaL
Pamphlets free, npo appllcatloii. A -K
ater. S4 ) ease Mass and PUIS, 25, 60, 75
ce"ts- Sent post-paid anywhere,
Summer season ef Springs begins 1st June. .935
V month. Address ,
, A. M. DAVEES, Pres't of the Co., -78
Main St, Lymhburg. Va., P. O. Box 174.
a it r. v
WILSON 4 BURWELL,
J.H. MeiniCV. mi
WILL BE SOLD AT
TO MAKE ROOM FOR
We Mean Every Word of This
Only Ask an Inspection to Convince You.
T. I, Seigle & Co.
Pain in the Back and Side.
There la nothing more painful than these
diseases; but the pain can be removed and
the disease cured by use of Perry Davis'
This remedy Is not a cheap Benzine
or Petroleum product that must be kept
away from fire or heat to avoid danger
of explosion, nor is It an untried experi
ment that may do more harm than good.
Pain Killer has been in constant use
for forty years, and the universal testimony
from all parts of the world Is, It never
fails. It not only effects a permanent cure,
but It relieves pain almost instantaneously.
Being a purely vegetable remedy, it Is safe
In the hands, of the most Inexperienced.
The record of -cures by the use of Pain
Kiixkb would fill volumes. The following
extracts from letters received show what
those who have tried it think:
Edgar Cady, Owatonna, Minn., says :
About m year since my wife became subject
to severe suffering' from rheumatism. Our
resort was to the Padt Killek. which speedily
Charles Powell writes, from tha Bailors'
Homo London :
I ha been afflicted three years with nenmlgl
apdyioleBt spasms of the stomach. The doctors
at Westminster Hospital gaye up my case in
despair. I tried your Pazn Killer, and it sts
me immediate relief. I have regained my
strength, and am now able to follow my usual
0. H. Walworth. Baco, Me., writes :
I experienced immediate relief from pain In
the side by the nee of your Pain Kti.t.eb.
E. Tors says:
I have used your Paht Killib for rheumatism,
and have received great benefit
Barton Seaman says :
Have used Path Ktlxkb for thirty years,
sua nave found it a never-failing remedy for
rheumatism and lameness.
J,KneZ'Zaili tK1e relief In cases of rheumatism.
Phil. GUbert, Somerset, Pa., writes :
From actual use, I know your Paxs Ktt.t to
ia the best medicine I can get
All druggists keep Pain Killer. Its price
Is so low that it is within the reach of alL
aiid it will save many times its cost In doctors'
bins. 25c, 50c. and $1.00 a bdttle,
PERRY DAVIS & SON, Proprietors,
Providnco, R. I.
sept diw sept oct.
PHYSICIANS, CLER6YMEH, AND
THE AFFLICTED EVERYWHERE.
THE GREATEST MEDICAL
TRIUMPH OF THE AGE.
SYMPTOMS OF A
Lobs of appetlte.ITana.bowelroytive.
Pain in theHead,with a dull sensation in
the back part. Pain under the shonlder
blade, fullness after eating, with a disin
clination to exertion of body or mind.
Irritability c temper. Low spirits, liosa
of memory, with a feeling of haying neg
lected some dutyeariness. pissiness,
Flattering of the Heart. Dots before the
eresTellqw Bkir Headaohe, Bestlesa
ness at night, highly colored brine.
ilmMoiSEASB WftiSOON BEOEVadPED.
TUiYB PILLS are especially adapted to
snon eases,one dose effects suchachange
of feeling as to astonish the sufferer1.
Tbey IaeriMM the Appetite, and cause the
body to Take on rieah, thus the system is
notartahed, and by thelrTenle Aetleoen the
IMreetlve Orjpujs, eTilar Stools arepro
duced. Price 25 cents. 35 Harrayat, Bf.T.
TUTT'S HAIR DYE.
Gray nAni or Whisk KB3 chap red. to sGLOesT
Bold'by Druggiau. er nt by ezpre en receipt of 1.
Offlc, 3f5 Murray St., New York.
Pr. TCTT8 KAICAI. f Valuable Iafsnutlm aa h
CmAiI BMeipta wUl ks suIlMl FBSX aaUcsUe.
nfcnrh varied rjowCTS. M
to nuke it the greatest
lilood runner ana mo
Xtosteror ever usm
It cures' Rheumatism,
of the Stomach, BoweU,
rs r i Lungs, Liver & Kidocyi,!
Hair Balsami SLdL
VTiJlSr other toaias it
IVMUcoloctorX & Co., Chemists, i.
nr. xivtvt iaji. iw mm - t i . , .
I " k) a AS .U-i . Tmm Kjnriaa KnVWflr IJDIUVZtBa.
mam l n-B I I HI STl
LOST IBAsnwwi. T."""
rVtotim of Vouthful impruden usingm.
K ervons Deriity, Lost MsoojL ete.
V'fH wown are com.
Uml In Parker's Gin per
f r r'Tnnif InM a medicine
43 Chatham U
EDITORIAL SHORT STOPS.
The Mormons expect 1,500 converts
from London next month, comprising
a number of families and about 300
Judge Tofirgee's Fool's Errand.which
was dramatised, has proved a failure,
and the company which was to play it
The stock faw passed by the South
Carolina legislature was signed by the
Governor on the 20th of December.
Hon. Charles W. Tracy died at his
home in Walterboro, S. last Sunday
A number of Northern papers are
warm in their commendation of Gov
ernor Jarvis for the promptness with
which he squelched the Plymouth riot
ers. Dr. Wm. H. Felton, of Georgia,
writes a savage letter in the Atlanta
Constitution in reply to an interview
with Senator Hill on the independent
movement in that State. The Senator
denounced the movement as infamous
and, its leaders dishonest,which brought
Felton, who is an independent, to his
mettle and ink bottle.
Oscar Wilde, the esthete, who has re
cently arrived from Europe, was born
in Dublin, Ireland, and is the son of an
eminent physician of that city.
The Winston Leader reports three
new cases of small-pox in that town,
the husband, nurse and child of the
woman who first had it, who is now,
however, recovering. No danger is ap
prehended of its spreading beyond its
Richmond St atr: Mary Walker wants
it to be generally known that fehe is not
in favor of hanging Guiteau ; but Mary,
if not a full blown crank, is at best on
ly a pantuloonatic.
Piuk eye is epidemic atuong the
horses in Richmond, Va.; some of the
street cars had to suspend operations
Monday in consequence.
A new law against duelling is pro
posed in the Virginia legislature. It
provides that every person elected or
appointed to office under the laws of
the Commonwealth shall, before he
acts iu such offiee, t:ike the following
oath: "I swear or affirm that I have
not, since the 1st day of January, 1882,
fought in a duel, the issue of which was
or probably might have been the death
of either party, nor have I been, know
ingly, the bearer of any challenge or
acceptance to fight a duel actually
fought; nor have I been otherwise en
gaged or concerned directly or indi
rectly in a duel actually fought since
that time, nor will I during my contin
uance in office be so engaged, directly
or indireotly, so help me God."
Some New York men,name not given,
has made Mr. ScovUle an offer of 81,000
for Guiteau's body when he dies. It is
not known whether it is sought for
surgical purposes or for speculation,
probably the latter.
There were 1,200 cases of suicide in
the United States in the past year.
Chicago lost 118 people in December
. Arreavragea of Pentiooi.
New Orleans Pieyune.
It seems to be generally thought that
the passage of the bill for the payment
of arrearages of pensions was a fearful
mistake. The estimate of $350,000,000,
as the amount which it will ultimately
take out ojE the Treasury, is probably
not exaggerated.. The rate at whicfl
the law is increasing tne expenditures
is rftPlCl. 4.ne payments were, uuruig
the fiscal year, $nded June 30, 1876, $28,
257,8&5.69; 1877, $27,963,752 27 ; 1878, 827,-
137.019.08 : 1870, 35,121,4834.oy ; 088U, 50,-
777,174.44; 188 L, $50,059,279.62; ffi, (es-
timatea,) $muyy,wui jeswmaipu
81QO,OQQ,0(p. There Is certainly no ob
ligation resting on the nation to divide
out $350,000,000 among those who have
applied to De piacea on ine pension
rolls, and it would seem to be quite
sufficient to pay pensions from date of
amplication in cases where the applicant
"r r" . . j ii
is successful, ine law waa, nu uuuoi,
a gigantic job, engineered by, or in the-
interest or, pension lawyer or buuci-
tors. It ougnt 10 d repeaiea imme
Realizing tne magniiuae or me evu
. 1 AS A V . ?
inflicted needlessly by the law, Con
crrpssman Goldsmith W. Hewitt, of
Alabama, has introduced a bill which
is designed to mitigate its severity, and
which he things win save bzuu,uuu,uuu
to the Treasury. His bill proposes to
pay from death in case or death, from
develooment of disability in case of
wounds, and from date of qpplipation
in case of disease contracted in the ser
vice. It furthermore provides that no
arrearages shall be paid at a higher rate
than the original certificate, and that
no arrears shall be paid either to widow
who has remarried or to a Child Who
has attained the age of sixteen at the
time of the Dassaze of this bill
Gen. Hewitt says that this bill is sub
stantially the same as one which had
been agreed upon by himself. Gen. Rice,
of Ohio, and Mr. Siohocksop, of ew
Jersey, who had been charged by the
House committee on Invalid Pensions
with the duty of preparing a bill for the
just payment of arrearages of pensions.
J3UL at a mgnt session wwiuu uic muao
oi the first session of the Forty-fifth
Congress, tbe present law was passed
under suspension of the rules (gag rule)
by more than a two-thirds vote. Those
who voted against it, we may remark,
were moral heroes, and deserve great
The Bead J asters Caucusing
Pirmwnwn. Va. Jan. 10. The Read
justers of the General Assembly have
T . : n nA .4 w. iA
oeen in caucus tsiuce i.ou, auu wjuuibuu
are still in session. The debt bill was
AiannaooA hut. final ant inn on the Ques
tion of its introduction was postponed,
and the consideration of the nomina
tion of capital officers occupied the at
tention of the caucus without result.
The committee appointed to investi
gate 'the second auditor's office and re
port to the legislature daring the ses
sion of 1879-80 were prevented from so
doing by the adjoiirrimentof that body,
norinrrfsk tliA hiAnni&l sesssions Of the
legislature, the report was delayed un
til now. The report will show that
ninety-three thousand oouars oi cou
Mi ham hoan frAndnlentlr d is Dosed
uuiio ucarv? - ;
of. ; It will be presented to-morrow and
Comparison mi Area. -
The census bulletin just issued.show-
ing the approximate areas of the sev
eral States and Territorlas, contains
many interesting and valuable facts, as
well as mucn matter tnat is or curious
interest. It is probably well-known
that Texas, with its area of 268,299
square miles, is the largest, of the
States, and that Rhode Island, with its
1,085 square miles, is the smallest, al
though it has two United States Sena
tors, the same as Texas. ;
It is not perhaps so well known that
Nye county, Nevada, is the largest
county in the United States, covering
24,000 square miles, or that San Ber
nardino, California, with 23,000 miles,
is the next largest, or that California
has four other counties each of them
as large as Massachusetts, three that
are each larger man uonnecucut, and
fifteen others that are each larger than
Delaware; or that Sioux county, Ne
braska, contains 21,070 square miles.
Oregon also has several large counties,
Grant, Umatilla and Lake, containing
respectively 17,500 1460 and 12,000
square miles. Presidio, with 12,500
miles, is the largest county in Texas.
The smallest county in the United
States is New York, State of New York
and it has the largest population.
In order of size the several States
rank as follows :
North Carolina 48,580
New Yai k 47.620
South Carolina 30,170
West Virginia 24,645
New Hampshire 9,005
New Jersey 7,455
Rhode Island 1,085
Tne largest of the Territones is Da
kota, with 147,700 square miles, and the
largest county in any of the Territories
is Custer, Montana, with 36,500 square
The statistics of water surf ace lakes,
ponds, bays and rivers in the several
States and Territories present in start
ling figures the extreme aridity of New
Mexico and Arizona, with only 120 and
100 square miles of water respectively,
and the marked contrary characterist
ics of Florida with 4,440; Minnesota,
4,160; North Carolina, . 3.670 ; Texas,
3,490s .Louisiana, 3,300, and Maine, 3,145
miles of river, lake and inlet area.
The total water surface of this re
markable country States, Territories,
and last, Dut not least, tne District or
Columbia is given at 55,600 square
miles, and the gross area, land and wa
ter, 3,025,600 square miles, inhabited by
sixteen persons and a fraction ta each
Tfca Pig-iron Trade.
As to pig iron, the case is about as
follows: Last year's output was 500,
000 gross tons in excess of the previous
year. If the production of this year ex
hibits a like increase, that point is sate.
But last year we started with 650,000
gross tons, or 732,000 net tons. From
what source will this factor ne sup
plied ? Then imports for the past year,
as stated, were' 980,000 tons. Pig im
ports have been steadily declining, and
should they so continue, from what
source will that factor be furnished ?
As to the first point, it may be open to
question whether with nearly all the
available bjas.t furnace capacity en
gaged, as is. reported, that an additional
output oi 600,000 tons can De as readily
done as was made last year over 1880.
If not, we have another deficiency. Be
sides, the magnitude of the demand for
1882 is not known. The extraordinary
aotivity of last year did not begin until
July. This year it begins with January.
At the same time it must De remem
bered that the unused blast furnace
capacity is an uncertain element, to be
determined largely by the extent of the
enhancement of pig abroad. Rolling
mills are everywhere crowded with or
ders. Demand has not abated for sev
eral months except for a few days last
week. Consumptive requirements are
increasing, and necessarily must while
railroad construction makes- . such
strides. The bulk of business in finish
ed iron is placed at prices to be named
at delivery. Stocks are law in all hands,
and, consumptive requirements are ex
panding. The Bessemer rail mills have
not reported much business recently,
neither in the acceptance of orders nor
in the closing of purchases of foreign
These nests resemble haycocks. They
arn four feet hisrh. and five feet in di
ameter at their bases, being constructed
with grass and herbage. First they de
posit one layer of eggs oh a floor of
mortar, and having covered this with a
stratum of mud and herbage eight
inches thick, lay another set of eggs up
on that, and so to the top, there being
commonly irom one to two hundred
eggs in the nest.
With their tails thev then beat down
round the nest the dense grass andVj
reeds, five feet nign, to prevent the ap
proach of unseen enemies. The female
watches her eggs nntu tney are hatch
ed bv the heat of the sun. and then
takes her brood under her own care, de
fending them and providing for their
Dr. Lutzemberg, of New Orleans, told
me that he once packed up one of these
nests with the eggs in a box for the Ma
seum of St Petersburg, but he was re
commended, Deiore he . closed it, to see
that there was no danger of the eggs
being hatched on the voyage. On open
ing it a young alligator walked oat, and
was followed by the rest, about a hun
dred, which he fed in his house, where
they went np and down stairs, whining
and barking iiko young puppies.
Deaib ! a Bos tan Editor.
Boston, Jan. 11. Delano A. Goddard,
. , :Li.j.it iva.ii a. a j
editor in cuiei uj- iue jwstoa Auyer
tiser, died at 1.30 this morning of con
gestion of the lrags.
Coffee drinkers should read the advertisement
in another column neaoxa -uooa wmee.-
Berlin, Jan. 9. In the Reichstag to
day during a discussion on an interpel
lation in regard to the development of
the! factory laws, Prince Bismarck
said the Emperor was anxious to settle
the workmen's question during his life
Herr Richter vehemently attacked
Prince Bismarck, whom he reproached
with dragging the name of the Emper
or into the debate whenever a doubtful
question was before the House.
Prince Bismarck left the chamber
while Herr Richter was speaking.
The rescript -excited much comment
in the lobby, where it was regarded as
a signal either of impendingdissolution
of the Reichstag or of the introduction
of disciplinary measures against pub
The Reichstag will reassemble in the
spring, when it will discuss the tobacco
mangleel Beyond Becosraition
New Orleans, Jan. 11. A Vicks
burg dispatch says : "Intelligence has
been received here of the death of Ed
ward Warfield, one of the largest of
the planters on the Yazoo River, Sat
urday morning. He was supervising
manager on the place. While standing
near a shaft revolving with great speed
some of his clothes became fastened in
the machinery and before assistance
came he was mangled beyond recognition.
Stolen from the Wires.
New York, Jan. 11. The Tribune
prints a note from John Hay and edi
torial comments, going to show that
the note to President Garfield about
Robertson'snomination, printed in New
York in February, was stolen from the
wires or otherwise surrepticiously ob
tained, as Garfield himself never even
DECLINE OF MAN.
Impotence of mind ,llmb. or vita! function, ner
vous weakness, sexual debility, 4c, cuivd bj
Wells' Health Renewer. $i at druggists. Depot
J. H. McAden. Charlotte, N. C.
To all who are suffering from the errors and in
discretion of youth, nervous" weakness, early decay
oss of manhood, &c, I will Send a recipe that will
cure you, FREE of CHARGE. This great jemedy
was discovered by a missionary In South America.
Send a self-eddressed envelope tc the Bxv.
J08EPH T. IN MAN, 8tation D. New York City .
30 DAYS TRIAL
Jano 13, 1876
WE WILL SEND, ON 30 DAYS' TRIAL,
Electro -Voltaic Appliances
suffering from Nrous Weaknesses, Gen
eral Debility, loss ol nerve force or vigor,
or sny disease resulting from Abuses and Othkt
Causes, or to any one afflicted with Rheuma
tism, Neuralgia, Pnrnlvsls, Spinal Difficulties,
Kiduey or Liver Troubles, Lame Back, Rup
tures, and other Diseases of tb Vital Organs.
Also women troubled with diseases peculiar to
Speedy relief and complete restoration to
health eq&rftntued. These are the only
Electrie Apnlinnces thai have ever
beeneonstrnetcft upon scientific prin
ciples. Their thorough efficacy has been prac
tically proven with the most wonderful
success, and tliey have the highest
endorsements from medical and scien
tific men, and from hundreds who have
been quickly and radically cured b
Send at once for Illustrated Pamphlet, givin-
all information free. Address,
VOLTAIC BELT CP., Karshall, Kick.
NOW IN THE CITY.
A URGE STOCK OF FURNITURE
AT WHOLESALE AND BET AIL
W. H Binjn.
VANCE & BAILEY,
Attorneys and Oormsellors
CHABLOTTE, N. C.
Practice in Supreme Court of the United States,
Supreme Court of North Carolina, Federal
Courts, and counties of Mecklen
burg, Cabarrus, Union, Gas
ton, Rowan and Da
vtdson. (V Office, two doors east of Independence
Square. may29 tf
RO. D. GRAHAM,
A.a?T023"33"y -4.1? IsU9l"W,
IN tne State and United States Courts. CoUee
ttons. Home and Foreign, solicited. Ab
tracts of Titles, Surveys, dai, ftrmishsd for com
OmoB3-lf.X. Comer Xc Tmm, streets
Charlotte, IJ.Q,. Ulan, 6..
WE HAVE JUST RECEIVED A SECOND
WE STILL HAVE A HANDSOME LINE OF
Shaker Flannels, Blankets and Comfortables.
LADIES', GENTS and MISSES
IE MM UNDEifcWEAR,
TO CLOSE CHEAP. ALSO, A LARGE LINE OF
DOMESTIC AND IMPORTED HOSIERY.
We will oiler from this date our enure stock of
iters, Walking Jackets, Dolmans and Cloaks at Cost.
t" CALL EARLY and. SECURE BARGAINS. -J
HARGRAVES & WILHELM.
SEED OATS !
SEED OATS !
BAGGING AND TIES
We are agents for
THE WATT PLOW
And will sen it lower than yon can buy an otbe
good plow. Full assortment always on hand.
Call and see us before purchasing.
MAYER & ROSS.
STOCK OF LADIES
C. C. D. A.
LARGEST MUSIC HOUSE
IN THE SOUTH.
The McSmith Music House
CHICK ERING & SONS,
KBANICH & BACH,
And other PIANOS.
MASON & HAMLIN,
PKLODBET & CO".,
AND OTHER ORGANS.
THE ONLY HOUSE THAT SELLS STRICTLlCs
Ask me for prices If you want good work.
and you will never buy anything but the bebt.
Address or call on,
GREAT GERM DESTROYER.
PITTING OK 8MALL
Ulsters purified and
Ganicrene prevented and
Dysf ntery cured.
Wounds healed rapidly.
8curvey cured In short
Tetter dried up.
It is perfectly harmless.
Kor -ore Throat it Is a
Conta glon destroi ed.
Sick Kooms pun ed and
made Dieasan n
Fevered and Sick Per
sons relieved and re
freshed by bathl g
with Pro phj lane Huia
aaaed to the water.
8oft White Complexions
secured by its use in
Impure Air made harm
less and purified by
To Durlfy the Breath.
Cleanse the Teeth, it
Cholera dissipated. .
Ship Fever prevented by
In cases of death in the
house, It should always
be used about the
corpse -It will prevent
any unpleasant smell.
can't oe surpassed.
Catarrh relieved and
Burns relief ed instantly.
Removes all unpleasant
An antidote for animal
or vegetsoie roison,
Dangerous efflnvias of
sick rooms ana nospi
tals removed by its use.
Yellow Fever Eradicated.-
In fact it Is the great
Disinfectant and Pnrifieiv
J. H. ZEILIN & CO.,
Manufacturing Chemists; Sole Proprietors.
1 i Mm ' na'1' a