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0 / 75
j R. M. FtJRMAN,
.n, p- :
WED'DAY EVE'NG, MAY 27, 5.
'Wfr learn a great' deal i by 'coni
parisons. " lire 'y experience
. of a single state or a single
county is worth more than all the
. talk of all the. demagogues, and all
the arguments of the -theorist,' on
In New York State the no-fence
law -system prerails. - In North Car
olina, the old fence system. " One
would suppose, therefore, ifj.he lis
tened to the cries of tha i anti-etock
law men thai stock raising ; would
flourish' more in ' North 'Carolina
than m New York.' We tsertainly
haveall th Wturwtadvant4zesVi,r
Take theTthfee counties": in .New
York - State1 that have the largest
amount "of lire stock and compare
them with the three counties in
North Carolina that have the lar
gest amount of live stock ; take, for
instance, in New York, the counties
of Saint Lawrence. Oneida and
Delaware, and compare them with
Wake, Chatham and Buncombe, in
this State -and see what : the ' facts
show.;'''! '.,' !". .
' The . value of live stock in St
Lawrence is $4,755,039 ; Oneida,
$3,933,971 ; Delaware, $2,948,435.
The number of farms is, respective
ly, 9,278, 8,360 and 5,264. The
nntaber-of milch cowtespectively,
93,369, 68,049, 57,673. The value
of farm products, respectively, , $6,
046,906, $6,378,153, and $3,788,996.
Put this magnificent demonstra
tion of. industrial prosperity along
side of the facts in out three highest
counties, taking the value of live
stock as the guage of measurement,
and what do we see?
The value of lire stock in Wake
county is $581,646, or -about one-
eighth of that of New York's leading
. county; in Chatham it is, $476,788 ;
in buncombe it is. $467,801.- The
numbers ol&rms in Wake is 4,381,
Chatham 3,554, Buncombe 2,560.
- The number of milch cows is, res
pectiyely, 5,315,' 5,736," 4,350. The
vidde cf fiirm product is $2,044,397;
f-Thus, it "is seen that, under the
no-fence system stock raising pays
better than under the ' old system ;
and - the farming industry is in a
far more flourishing condition.
In the . face of the facts and experi
ences of communities, counties and
States, the predictions of some that
the stock law will injure Buncombe'
cbuni become perfectly absurd and
ridiculous ; and no sensible man
ought to listen to them . a moment
Ttie Citizejt agrees with the Pa
triot in its views relative to the pur-
port pf Mr., Vilas' recent letter and
thinks it applies to Biro. Ashe. Not
that we desire to lose Bro. ; Ashe
from the editorial position which he
fills so ably and effectively, but, our
party friends cannot permit in our
own household that which we have
- successfully condemned! in , others.
We do not hesitate to say we do not
concur in the reasons given by .the
: administratiorrfor1 turning out re
'publieanS and appointing vlemc
crats. This" is the ' only thing we
have found! to condemn in the ad
ministration. The change of ad
ministration from one party to ano
ther involved, if it did not require,
a change in the officeholders under
''administrative appointment' This is
"legitimate, as well as proper, and
the..reaspns ! therefor . should have
been placed upon .this ground, with
.yfnll frankness, ;Wo dp not say that
every officeholder in the Union
'should be displaced, simply because
he was a republican; but as it was
. legitimate ; and proper to make
.changes it should be done .with' ! the
frank avowal that it was in accord
with the sentiment of the majority
of the American people as expressed
! at the ballot box last November,
and riot laV! down as excuses, rules
-, .. which in themselves are obnoxious
to criticism! If an officeholder, of
any party, -neglects his duties and
. devoteslbis time "which".' the public
pay s for in an obnoxious way in
politics, or -otherwise, he should be
, displacedXipf'nd'tule should be
' "made, which! : infringes his personal
rights and privilege of! citizenship;
. A"tric;c6nstrticti6u'of therile as
laid down by Mr. Vilas would ne-
cessitate the-reliremerit of Mr. Ashe
'fro'rn the Newt-Observer; but the rule
V- is a bad 'one, and should , be' re-
"t-.-voiced. ; ''
'i - I. - ' -" -'
; f Ajj-ealthy stock - company has
' ' 'Wen organized at Washington for
'ihe purpose of issuing a newspaper,
U oUe tide of which .'Will, be devoted to
' ;th dissemination of republican doc
!' , trines, the other side to be democrat
' ic in politics. : - . 4
E EPISCOPAL CONVENTION
i Of the Diocese of North Carolina
met this nioning in-Trinity Church
and was promptly f organized and
put in train for - business. This-is
the first Convention held since the
diyiiion of the DioceseTarid .is inter
esting las "ah Exhibit of the-'strength
nd'capacTty oT s'elf supp6rtuhder
the separtid nttwpjdioeesesrSo
far as demonstration is made, there
is nothing to justify the apprehen
sions of those who feared that what
had supported one would not suffice
for Ttwd,t;have rnotjbferi: justified.
Th'e Convention of ; East '.Carolina,
recently!, .held, . disclosed t r ap very
sound financial condition as. well as
very fruitful wort; and the1 same
exhibit will no doubt be made pf
the Diocese of North Carolina.
The Convention organized with
out hitch or obstruction. The vexed
question which disturbed the recent
toouvi Carolina Convention was not
once named. That has. long since
' . m t ml
oifclshbtofxBodl and p6
nucixi, uuiitiiuerauuu. - iieimer wits
relations of the church nor of socie
ty have been disturbed by the pres
ence of colored clergy in the church;
and their seats in convention have
never been contested, because their
equal rights as clergymen have long
since been conceded. .
And so the Convention '" is . ready
at once to go to work and with har
mony. . We do not know that there
will be any controversial question
before the Contention, or anything
that will arouse discussion.
The sole and earnest purpose of the
Convention i to advance the welfare
of the Church; and to that the atten
tion . of r both clergy and laity is
jointlyturned without idea of ex
hibiting skill in splitting-straws or
showing ' dialectic alertness ' in
playing with troublesome questions.
Hon. Saml J. Randall recently
said Mr. Cleveland is making one of
the best Presidents the country has
ever had. He thinks that Cleveland
ought to head the Democratic ticket
in 1888. Truly, he says, "if the
Democrats can't elect him they can't
elect anybody." ! .
. And Senator Ransom, widely rec
ognized as an eminently sagacious
politician, puts the question even
more forcibly and comprehensively
than Mr. Randall. He says, "I
have regarded Mi. Cleveland's ad
ministration as so full of promise to
the country, as calculated to do so
much in bringing about good gov
ernment and ' realize the hopes of
the best men of our party yes, the
best men of both parties that I
have not "been willing to associate
any idea with it that might impair
its character or great usefulness.
Any thoughtful man knows that ;
the American people never ha"f e and
never will fail to re-elect a man
who has made such a good Presi
dent?' ALWAYS TELL THE TRUTH.
j -One of the most prominent and
attractive characteristics of . Presi
dent Cleveland is his scrupulous
regard for the truth and a conse
quent frankness in his public and
private dealings., "What a grand
character it is, to be sure; important
always, in all persons; but doubly
so in one occupying the position of
representative of a people. The
Washington correspondent of the
Philadelphia Tvmii says : ;!;. ,
"It is unquestionably true that
the President's newness in the field
of his present ! operations and want
of familiarity with certain methods
that belong to national, and are not
learned in State, matters makes his
work harder than it would be to ,an
old stager. But it is admitted on
all hands that he is a ready learner
and goes up steadily to the head pf
the class. It is to be said, also, that
President Cleveland is . not only
learning to understand new things,
but iras the ..capacity, to unlearn
what was learned amiss. No man
has yet. come forward to say that
the President has deceived him or
has in the slightest degree wavered
from his word. There have been
and are still angry men around
Washington men disappointed to
the last degree, but not one hasl
- ll'.l it- T !J L 1 " Jl
saio, mat me jrresiueub jjub viuimeu
a promise or!,', done anything 7 on
which to form the charge of bad
faith. How different is this from
the usual .experience with new, ad
ministrations X' , Promises on ; the
stage on which our President is act
ing are riot only made in plenty, but
frequentlyohly to be violated with de
liberation. -1. It is a hard thing to say
but experienced politicians are wit
nesses to the fact that it has been no
uncommon ' thing to hear men in
numbers "declare that in former
times the President did not keep his
word-orily that the language would
be ' a great deal stronger. One - fact
stands above all others, to wit: That
nothing : of the. kind , if heard of
President Cleveland, , The ; fact is
worth dwelling on. It is a rock in
a; sure foundation. . The fact goes
far to decide what in an important
aspect the luture will be."
Victor Hugo bequeatKed, $10,000
to the poor and requested that bis
body be placed in a "pauper hearse"
and conveyed to the cemetery.
U An extra'session'of the Tennessee
legislature convened at Nashville
on the 25th.. The work cut . out for
it is ample for a full regular session,
and proves that either the Tennessee
Legislature has riioro to do than that
of North " Carolina, or it doe3 not
stick to its work as well, iWe would
commend it to' the care of the Wil
mington Star which has a panaceaj
for all such evils which, might work
in Tennessee, though , not favored
much here. f";.!1' " J'-. '.!!;! f";;?'!!
! The Governor's message was read,
relating to the following subjects for
immediate ';: legislation : - Revenu e
appropriation,1 the State debt, taxr
ing districts, pleuro-pneumonia,'ju-dicial
redistricting, the school law,
the mechanics' lien law, "State pris
ons, registration, and the chaiters
of Krioxville, Chattanooga . and Co
lumbia. : ..
' Concerning the Pension Act.
Auditob's Depahtment, T : !:
Raleigh, N. C. May 25, 1885.
! , As numerbu's " enquiries are being
received at thw officealnsost daily,
as . to whether -widows wnoseTius-.
bands - died from natural causes,
while in the service of the late Con
federate States, are : entitled to the
benefits of the' pension act, ratified
March 11, 1885, 1 take this method
of informing the boards of enquiry,
named in the act, that it is a ques
tion whiehrwill have to be consid
ered and determined by the : State
board, composed of the governor,
auditor and attorney general, at its
first : ; meeting,- 7 which will not be
held before July or August" I have
consulted with the attorney general
about the matter, and he thinks it
would not be preper for him now to
express an ppinion (even if he ! had
one) as he is a member of the board
and his colleagues on it are entitled
to be consulted before he gives a
formal opinion. " J
The State board,' however, will re
quire every person claiming to be
entitled to the benefits of the law to
make formal application before the
boards of enquiry, composed of the
commissioners, clerks of Superior
courts and sheriffs (as per forms
furnished) to the end that each case
may be considered on its particular
Let the widows set forth with as
much particularity as possible the
times, places and circumstances of
their husband's deaths, the diseases,
&c, and whether they died from
wounds received in battle or not.
These facts will enable the board to
intelligently pass upon, each appli
cation separately, and the applicant
will be notified, so that any fact
lacking may be supplied if possi
ble. ' ;
The opinion of the board, and not
of its individual members, must be
had befoie-the aiaestion. can be fi
nally disposed ok " , " ;
W. P. Roberts, Aud.
State papers please copy.
China offers as attractive a field
for the work of professional explor
ers as any other country on the
globe, i It "has recently been ascer
tained .that the Chinese coal heids
occupy an area of 400,000 square
miles. - .
The last of Riel's followers has of
fered to surrender and the rebellion
in the northwest is practically at an
How and Attractive
BILL OF FARE
SPOT GAM STORE!
- " ': .' v .
10 pieces 10-4 Sheeting, Bleached,
at 25 cts. " v : . . ,
5 pieces 54 Pillow Casing, 12. ,
A big line of White Dress Goods,
from 8 cts. to 37 cts. Some very
fine : C
. TLe nicest .lot of Calicos ever
broughCtcv-this market, 5 cts. to
7 cts. 'ri
Summer Silks, nice quality, 40
tO 50 Ctfl.! "r ; . '- . '"I
Splendid line Dress Goods, single
and double width, from 12 tP 90
cts -goods worth more money."
Table Linen, Napkins, Gloves,
Hosiery," Parasols, Towels, Lawns,
Percales, ' Cheviots, Counterpanes,
Silk arid Cotton Velvets for Trim
mings, Black Silks, Straw Hats,
Shoes for Ladies, Gents and Chil
dren. Hand-turned ! Low -Cut
Shoes of all kinds. , v v - .
I am Agent for r , -
-Fashion Sheets for May on hand,
tree to all.
Full Line Trout' and Bass .Fish
v Come and see me at the SPOT
CASH STORE. " ' .
. O. Howelu
AslieTille Tobacco Market.
Retokteu Spkciaxlt fob thb Citizbn-1
; ;:,; Ashevilljs. k. cU May . 1885.
mm an unusual nne Season fornajaung ioaac
co, for the last few day our markets have beeu
welt supplied, at least with the lower Kradea,
wuicu are cneaper. tor anything 01 coior anu
character prices are on ihe whole well maintain
ed. W RmtlA An jmnl.tinna t(l BOM. Vlth thA
change in prices for the week
Fillers Common l.ngs.........$;J
" ' Common Leaf....... ......
av Common Blight Leaf,. 8
Good " . .- ' .... 13-
Fine . : - . i - : .16
Smokers Common Reddish,.. 7 '
rimmnn PWtrht lo-
- " Good Bi ight..k.....12
. - ' "v. oAtir, ....
Cutters Common to Good..... 12
; Good to Fitler. 1
Fine to Fancy ....8
Wrappers Common . . . ...15
cs common. . ...13
Common Urtfcdhun 20
- necuam M '-rnl ... LJ , mi"'
Good to Fine .. 40
. tlnifn,.., ,,, ,, ,, ; ;
, PRODUCE MARKET. : -
'''-v.; ' CorreoLed Daily by . ',. -.
POWELL it SNIDER. '
" Ashetiujc, N. C May 19, 1885.
:. APPLKS-Green, per bushel, 91 00 to $1 50. .
-. dried, 2 to 5 cents. . - .
Bulk Bacon 7 to 9; Smoked 12J cents; shoul
ders 8 to 10 cents; hams 184 to 15 cents. .
Bkip 6 to 10 cents, as to quality. -;
Butter Prime 5 to 35 cents; common SO conts.
Beeswax 90 to 22 cents.
Beans White tl 25 to S 1 75 . ' "' " -Coffee
Bio 11 to 14 cents; Laguayva 18
cents; Java 25 to 80 cents '
Cheese 15 to 20 cents, as to quality. ; W "
I Cotton Yarn SO S il 00. ' ' i
' Corn- 80 to 90. Jtlari - - . "
7 Corn Meal 80 to " '
' Candles Per y box; $2 60 to 12 75,
tggs 1 to 10 cents per dozen.
Flour 3 00 to H 00 per sack.
Lard 10 to 18 cents.
Molasses Common dark 25 to 50 cents.
" Fine Syrup 50 to 75 cents.
u New Orleans tO 75 to 81 00.'
Oats 65 cents. . .
Hay S 1 45 per cwt . r
ShipstufT 830 per ton.
Dried Peaches 8 to 2 cts; un peeled 4 to 6 ct?.
Peas SI 50, , '
Potatoes Sweet, per bushel. SI 50.
u inn, .X . ( in.
Sugars Brown , 5 cents; powdered 10 cents; crush
ea ana gromuiaiea, y to 10 cents.
Vinegar 30 to 60 cents per gallon
Still to the Front I
And There to - Remain !
With the cheipest and most elegant as
sortment of Gopds ever brought to Ashe
ville. It-s. jyrell establjshel facthat
is and has lcen the attraction of Ashe
ville. ' -
I claim to earrj the most complete as
sortment of my class of goods in Ashe-
ville, and to convince you of this fact, an
assurance of this fact will be effected by
calling at my Store and examining the
beautiful display of goods that can be
Just received a new line of those beau
tiful Lawns, at 5 cts. per yard.
A beautiful assortment of Ginghams in
Plaids and Stripes. "
A fresh supply of Embroideries, ranging
in price from 5 cts. to $1.00 per yard.
Laces in Oriental, Clung, Torchon, Af
han, Spanish, Point de Alicon, Russian
and. others, that wi'I have to be seen to be
appreciated. " -'-
In Dress Fabrics, I show some grand
styles, and ask an inspection of-this Stock
before purchasing elsewhere.
Just received my second supply of new
shapes, and can say with confidence that
I can please the most fastidious in taste.
1 1 would require the entire space of the
Citizen -to enumerate each article sepa
rately, but all I ask is a call and I feel con
fident that yon will be suited. .
' GENTS' FURNISHING.
I have a complete Slock of everything
in this line, comprising Hats, Shirts, Un
derwear. Hosiery, . Neckwear, Handker
I am sole Agent for . the : celebrated
DUNLAP HATS and EARL & WIL
SON COLLARS. t
In consequence of the death' of Mr. S.
Whitloek, who was" my Manager, the bus
iness will be continued by
; ; V H. WIIITLOCK,
Under Eagle Hotel, Main St.
poubleday & Scott,
North Side Public Square, ;
ASHEVILLE, N. C, ! ;
' ! DEALERS IN r - v
Lumber, Laths, Shin
gles, Fencing, Plank,
Also Doo):Sj Sash and
C' -Blinds:.' -
" feH3w3ra ' .- -' -' - '
- ily virtue of an execution in my hands
issued by the Clerk ot the Snperior Court of Bun
combe county, in favor of J H Walker and
gainst M L Burnett, I will sell to the highest
bidder for cah, at the courthouse door In Ashe
TiUe, on Monday, the 8th day of June, lt85, M L
Burnett's interest in a tract of land lyine and be
ing in the county of Bnncombe, on the North
fork of swannanoa river, adjoining the lands of
Francis Stevens and others, known as the old
Crook land, contoinuis? 60 acres more or less, lev
led on to satiufy the aixve execution. ' -This
May 14lu,lsi5 - . .
. my 14-wiw per Daniel L Rey noldsj T
. , p
- ' '- '
CORNER PATTON."AVENDEA)KJ RlAIN STt,
' OPPOSITE COURT SO.CARE, '
IS COUPLETS IN EVERY RESPEOT,
AND 18 PREPARED TO D O ALL
:,:'." MANNER OF -v :
AT TBE LOWEST tMVSfS, IN THE SHORT-
EST PQSSIPTE TIME AND IN THE BEST
We Will Not Be Underworked
JJO YOU WANT ..' '
PROGRAM MS, CIRCULARS,
: HEADS, PAMPHLET
! ' . :!'! LAND DEEDS
- . Mortgage Deeds,
' : SHERIFFS' DEEDS,
' STATE WARRANTS,
JUSTICES' JUDGMENTS, !
CH ATTEL MORTGAGES, &c
rALL AND OBTAIN S AM-j
PLES AND PRICES BEFORE
GIVING YOUR ORDERS.
S, , COMMISSIONER'S; BLANKS
'OF all kinds.
FTJRIrlAlT 8s STOITE,
JXO. C. CLAYTON,
" (Keax EAqle Hotel)
ASHEVILLE, N. C,
jMVf jr UFi ct un eh of car-
-Coffn MftJe in First-Css Style of
and Maple of the best quality. ' Satisfac-
- i 1 IT ' 1 J
lion o imruii leeu auu iiuw xncra cumgeu.
He aaks ' that the "public ' call and
see for themselves. . .
'ETEBt DAT EJTCTCIOPKDIA,-
the cream of 50 standard volamea in one.
A rich thing for those-who want to make money.
The sales are Just tremendons. 1 5,000 copies sold
th Eastern N. C. the past winter. Men now want
ed for Western N. C.
Rnooiai inriunementa to exoerienced asenta
anf students. No capital necessary, references
"Xjso to sell Page & Woodworth's Great Republic
Maps and Charts oruiereiana ana nenurwaa.
Write for terms to '
- - . v. PAGE i WOODWORTH,
or P. J. Fage,-Asheville, N. C.
ap 13-d 2 moe A w t . v. -
M. OTHO WILSON, Peopeiktoh.
Acclimated Trees, Tines,
' !V : Stc, Sc. "
Location, 3 Uiles Southwest of Kaleikh, N. C
Agents wanted. Cioou py.
mch 18-2 mos iw, " ' '
MOTICE OF LAND SALE.
, . W . Iv. f V Oma.
a . " i . t n r . . .1
Jane 8U1, 1885, sell at public auction, at the
UNUiaoow uuur( 111 wwu vi aNicuuc, wo ivi
lowing lands, to-wit : A tract of land situated in
station, containing 60- acres more or less, and
Known as ine i. n. juuckwcu ouiueBiviui. jCrlUB
of sale, one third in cash, and balance in eqnal
UUfUUUUWUie UUU UCUiVi Oiabuu mciivuivsi.un
tRTirn ajrprorea securny. - . i
signed, or W. B. Whltson. Atfy.
my7-w4w.r ' :irr Commlastoner. :
. .'. . . SlCACO, III.
'-. .- ft Tk-' " " Scat, cf Btmtuf til. , .V
t . l-& - W S Angusta." GaaiarlestonljW C '
' !. PATTON AVENUE.
CIIAS. A. MOSELY, ) c
B. JONES, ' J Salesmen
LAEGE LOTof BABY CARRIAGES.
E V E R Y
s - - j
The ptablie are now cortlially invited to' call and examine my stock , ol
U KdJ UU.UJ U U
t. I have been somewhat delayed in getting ready for business, but now
have a good and substantial stock
TO r3C"W" "2"OTs7".
I intend to sell goods cheap and for cash in hand. Mj ptock con
sists of . - . . ' '
Bedsteads, all qualities; Bureaus, Washstands, Tables, Chpirs, Mattreprf,
.'Springs, Wardrobes, Desks, Towel Racks, Parlor Suits,
. - Carpets, Window Shades and Oil Cloths.
I will also have in a short time a nice line pf
W A L L P A P E R .
Hoping you will call and examine my stock before buying,
I am respectfully,
f V f wcwrsmi
For Cash or on Instalments.
Send for Illustrated Catalogue and Price List.
rck 18-6 w r , ; . . Opposite Poet Offic .
QUCUottol Uuu woadtrt 111 remedy .uaed by Intamlation.nu tmmn u m
Tar the relief and cum of Consumption, Bronchitis, Asthma,
"Oy Fever, Catarrh, Nervous, Prostration, eto. Seud im
fojrtbs Manual," an interwUn book of tw pagea Four OotOred.
Plates. AddresaOR. PEIRO, Chicaso Opera House. I""- '
WereferbypermiBrtontoarowrf onrpatron.: l Uiiuiiu.,llil JiO.IiJ.
Hon. Wm. Psnn Nixon, Ed.InterOcean, . - CtlicOBO.
F. H. TubbS, Esq,. Manager W. CTeLCo., CMICogo.
Can. C. H. Hawarif. Mra. T. B. Capaa. (ihiesira.
t $O.W. Nixon, M.D., Mrs. NettaC. Rood, Chicaao.
' : Henry R. Stiles, M. D., - NewVork.
i &.B.OurOxvom it ttfdv tmt emmvhrre th tht DMM Sfotea. Otmod
or iitrop. by ExyrttM, Eart, plain, compicU (UrtcUoni wtU aac trtattoMU.
L I A M S O N ,
Sash and Blinds,
ASHEVILLE, N. C.
B O D Y!
BU La D Lb 11 M D
1. S. McMlJI.I.ra.
? Y l
J. D. ROBERTSON
(Successor to Steffner & Ror.tKT.so,x.
Jewelry, Watchfes, Clocks,
Dianiorads, Eye-Glass, Spec
tacles, Plated Ware, Solid
Silver Ware, .
ALL KINDS REPAIRING DONE. EXAMINE
MY GOODS AND PRICES
ONE DOOR SOUTH VANGILDER & BROW N,
ASHEVILLE, N. C.
. ;, - . ', . (