The Asheville Times (Asheville, … /
March 7, 1912, edition 1 /
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Thursday, llarch 7,191?
' THE ASHEVTLLE , GAZETTE -NEWS.
WHAT "CHOP ROTATION" IS AND
The rotation of crops Is one of the
simplest and moat practical ways by
which the Income of the farm may be
Increased without greatly adding to
the cost of operation.
The rotation of crops Is the alterna
tion of the three general classes of
farm crops; namely, grain crops,
. grass crops and cultivated crops, so
that a crop from each of the three
classes will appear on each field at
least once during each cycle of the
Under "grain crops," such crops as
wheat, barley, flax and millet may be
classed, In their relation to the soil.
Millet, though grown for hay, has
practically the same effect on the soil
as a grain crop. These crops deplete
the soil of vegetable matter, allow
weeds to grow, and have .. tendency
to deplete the productive power of the
Under "grass crops" may be Includ
ed timothy, bromus and the clovers.
Though the clovers are not true
grasses, they have heavy root sys
tems, and add vegetable matter to the
soil. The clovers also add nitrogen
to the soil; but their chief value in a
rotation seems to be due to the fact
that their heavy root-systems fill the
soil with vegetable matter, thus mak
ing It more hospitable to plants.
Under cultivated crops may be
placed corn, potatoes and root crops.
Owing to their cultivation during
growth, these crops have a cleaning
effect on the soil. They are, however,
exhaustive of soil fertility, because the
constant cultivation encourages the
liberation of large quantities of plant
food. These crops leave the soil In
good condition for succeeding grain
The rotation of crops keeps the soil
supplied with vegetable matter from
the roots of the grass crops grown,
and from the manure usually applied.
When this vegetable matter rots, or
decomposes, plant-food Is liberated.
Vegetable matter keeps the soli open
so that air can penetrate. Tt likewise
holds moisture, thus exerting desira
ble chemical and physical influence
on the soil.
The rotation of props has a marked
tendency to eradicate weeds, Grass
crops are cut early, before weeds can
mature seed. The cultivated crops if
properly handled, do not allow weeds
to seed. In this way. a srood svtm
of rotation gradually rids the land of
an oi tne
making It possible to constantly em
ploy help, either In growing the' crops
or In caring for the live stock.
BY A. D.
During the past few years the dying
ef pine In the Southern Atlantio ar.i
Gulf States, from Maryland to Texas,
Inclusive, has attracted attention and
has been the subject of special in
vestigation. In t' areas designated as the
hortleaf pine and loblolly pine belts,
as well as In parts of the longleaf
pine belt, the death of the pine has
been caused by the southern pine
beetle, while in Florida and certain
other sections It Is apparently due to
Egg galleries and larval mine cf the
soMthern pine beetle.
THE FAMILY VEGETABLE
The one great secret of having suc
cess with the family vegetable garden
Is to provide an abundance of plant
rooo in a readily available form. Sta
ble or barnyard manure are the best
fertilisers at all times. Commercial
plant foods sre excellent In their
places, especially when It la desired
to force some of the early varieties
of vegetables, but their use requires
that tho soil, be In a high state of
tilth and that the gardener have an
expert knowledge of their uses and
To properly prepare a garden 1 be
lieve In plowing under a heavy ap
plication of manure In the fall and
hen In the spring harrowing In
another heavy coat of well rotted
manure. After putting on what -ve
think Is enough we double the amount
and the chances aro we will have It
Constant cultivation should be the
rule for this will keep the soil In
an Ideal condition, physically, for the
roots to grow in, beside keeping tbe
weeds In cht;k. Cultivate early and
persistently and keep the weeds In
fheck. Allowing the weed seeds to
germinate and quickly destroying them
early In the season will save a large
amount of work during the summer.
Eliminate all of the old-fashioned beds
and plant everything In long rows so
that most of the cultivation can be
dona with a horse. There need not
bo aa unpleasant amount of hand
work If properly worked with a horse
and cultivator. Leave plenty of room
at the ends for turning around with
the uorse while cultivating. M, W. K.
Xiamlne the young orchard trees
fr injuries by mloo or rabbits, -
ordinary weeds. &MlWKVT. .J
of crops aids er-nHv I lMll-M4-h JUT I
farm labor by distributing l4i,-,Kir
ughout the se.i.nn , L1XflaSt'Ji
HOW TO AVOID MISTAKES IN ROAD-MAKING 1
PROPER METHODS OF MAKING EARTH, CLAY, SAND, AND GRAVEL ROADS AS RECOMMENDED
BY GOVERNMENT EXPERTS
The cost of hauling over country
roads Is largely determined by the site
of the load that can be h.iuled, the
number of trips that can be made In
a day and the wear and tear on teams
and equipment. Steep grains as well
as ruts and mud-holes serve to de
crease both the speed and the load.
On the principle that 'a chain Is
no stronger than its weakest link,"
the maximum load that a team can
draw is the load that it can draw up
the steepest hill or through the deep
est mud-hole on that road.
Wherever possible, roads should be
located on straight lines. In a hilly
or mountainous country, however,
stralghtness often causes heavy grades.
Straightness and grade must, there
fore, be handled together. The best
location is one which Is straight In
general directions, Is free from steep
grades, is over solid ground, and
serves the largest possible number of
In studying the relations of grade
to distance, the following principle
should be borne In mind: To lift a
ton one foot high requires 2.000 foot
pounds of energy; on a road, the sur
face of which offers 100 pounds of
tractive resistance per ton, the same
energy would roll the ton a horizontal
distance of 20 feet. To save one foot
of grade the road may therefore be
lengthened 20 feet.
The elimination of one or two steep
hills on a line of road will frequently
enable horses to draw three or four
times as much as they could draw on
the old road. It takes approximately
four times as much power to draw
loads up 10-per-cent grades as on a
level, but on a 4 pnr-ccnt or 5 per
cent grade a horse can usually draw
(for a short time) as much as ho can
draw on n level.
A 4 per cent or 5 per cent grade Is
Two common inlMakes in rnacl-maklnc. The poorly drained anil the
" ' 4
BY PINE BEETLE
a combination of other but similar
The pine beetle is a small brownish
or black beetle, somewhat smaller
than a grain of rice. It files in March
to December In the niou southern
sections, and from May to Kovember
In its northern range. It attacks the
middle to upper portions of the trunks
of the healthy pine and spruce trees
causing their death by excavating
long, winding burrows or egg galleries
which eitf:inl through tlie inner lay
ers of the living bark and mark the
surface of the wood.
The presence of this beetle In dan
gerous numbers is plainly indicated
by patches of dvine and dead tiln
I which show no evidence of injury by
! fire or other destructive agencies.
Extended observations during the
past 20 years lead the writer to con
clude that if all of the pine that has
been killed during this time by this
beetle was living today its stumpage
value would amount to from $10,
000,000 to 20,000,000 or more. Re
cent snidles of the depredations
wrought by It In the South Atlantic
and Gulf States during the past three
years Indicate that at least $2,000,000
worth or pine has been killed. It Is
also evident that if active steps are
not taKen by the principal owners in
the Infected areas this loss will be
Increased by another million dollars
within the next year.
PREPARING THE CORN FIELD.
On the majority of stock and dairy
farms the corn field is the Ideal place
to apply the farm manure. A corn
crop is able to make profitable use
of manure for tf; reason that It makes
us principal growth late in the season
after the fertilizing elements in the
manure have been available to nour
ish the growing plants, by the action
of the elements.
The idesl corn field Is prepared by
applying manure to a elover aod.
A light dressing of stable manure on
the clover sod will make an abund
snco of nitrogen for the corn crop
ana at the proper tlmo during Its
growtn to insure a maximum yield.
The bacteria In the manure will has
ten the decomposition of tho organic
matter contained in tho roots and
stubble of the clover sod and hasten
them into a condition available to
nourish the growing corn crop.
All farmers know that excellent
crops of mixed grass may be grown
on a field that has produced a good
crop of corn by the application of
manure alone the previous year but
in my opinion bolter economical re
sults may be obtained If the manure
is applied at the rate of from E to
10 loads to the acra and supplemented
with some form of fertiliser supply.
ing an abundance ot phosphoric acid
and potash, ..,
The phoaphorte acid may be pur
chased In numerous terms, but In
my opinion the potash had best come
in the form of a high grade or a low
The muriate might produce aa good
a corn crop, but on many soils and
during mtay seasons, the succeeding
crop of clover would make a lese satis
factory yield, t! o wren the sulphate
therefore considered the maximum on
roads : subjected to heavy hauling.
Steep grades may often be avoided by
locating the road around instead of
over the hill, without materially in
creasing the distance.
The earth road should ha e at least
six hours of sunshine each day. Such
brush and trees as Impede the drying
action of the sun and wind should be
removed. With graved and stone roads,
this Is not .so necessary, as a certain
amount of moisture is needed on such
roads, especially during the summer.
Relocating roods is not an engineer
ing problem alome. One must also con
sider the effect of the road on those
who now live upon It. Many dislike
to have the roaid placed back of their
houses, or out of sight of It. It re
quires tact and good Judgment to se
cure a suitable location without arous
ing harsh antagonism.
The earth road can best be crowned
and ditched with a reversible road
grader. Picks, shovels, scoops and
plows shouM not be used for this pur
pose. One road-machine, with suit
able power and operator, will do the
work of many men with picks and
shovels, and do It better.
The grader should be used when
the soil Is damp, so as to make the
soli bake and pock when 1 dries otit.
If It Is worked dry, it takes more
power to draw the machine, and, be
side, dry earth and dust retain mois
ture and quickly rut after rains. Clods,
sods, weeds or vegetable matter should
not be left In the middle of the road.
In order to dispose of storm water
quickly before It has time to pene
trate deeply Into the surface, the road
should be prppeaiy crowned. For an
earth road wliicih Is 24 feet wide, the
center should le not less than 6
Inches nor mom than twelve Inches
higher than tho other edge of the
shoulders. The total fall of grade from
center to sido diti'h should bo about an
USE MORE PAIHT ON THE FARM
THE ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF PAINTING FARM BUILDINGS AND EQUIP
MENT IS NOT
There Is probably no one point
more neglected by the average farmer
than the Judicious use of paint, not
only on his house and outbuildings,
but also on machinery and various
agricultural Implements. It is per
haps the rule rather than the excep
tion in some sections to see houses
and agricultural Implements on tin
farm sadly In need of paint. The idea
seems to be prevalent that paint is
used solely for ornamental purposes,
and Its use is regarded as a luxury
rather than a necessity. While paint
does, of course, serve the purpose of
improving the appearance of property,
it is far more useful for protection
than for ornament. A small amount
of money and work expended In keep
ing a valuable piece of machinery
properly painted will add greatly to
the length of Its life. The same may
be said of buildings. Another useful
object which Is accomplished by paint
ing Is the Improved sanitary condi
tions of buildings and outhouses.
Any man can do an average Job of
painting, and can thereby not only
Improve the appearance of his place)
but can add greatly to the durability
of all articles painted. The cost of
is used. The growing of clover de
mands an abundant supply of potash
and phosphorio acid. W. Kelley.
KEEPING FARM ACCOUNTS.
Farm accounts, to be practical, must
be of the very simplest possible na
ture, and require a minimum amount
ot time for their up-keep. Accounts
are valuable only as they are care
fully kept. The occupation of the
farmer is naturally not conducive to
bookkeeping habits. When one works
hard In the field all day, he does not,
as a rule, feel like working a great
deal over books. With some simple
and practical system of keeping track,
of various Items each day, in some
sort of day-book, one can later take
time, In the winter when other things
are lens rushing-, and work up his bal
ances. Young people especially, should
be encouraged If they show any desire
to try to keep farm accounts:
' ' Profitable Feeding.
Havo you planned the garden yet t
Oet busy. -
Inch to the foot i Ordinarily, the only
ditches needed are those made with
the road grader, which are wide and
shallow. Deep dttehrs should be pro
vided if tho road Is about level, but
stfch ditches wash rapidly or. steep
slopes and are dangerous beside.
' 'Wood or terra-cotta tile do not
make satisfactory culverts; the first
will soon rot and the latter is liable
to break. Stone or concrete culverts
are the best and cheapest in the long
run. ' .
The main thing to bear In mind In
building culverts is that they should
have sufficient capacity to quickly dis
pose of the maximum flow of storm
water, and that they aro given suf
ficient slope or fall to keep themselves
Because of Its simplicity, its effic
iency and cheapness, the splitlog drag
Is an excellent device for maintaining
earth and gravel roads.
Si ' & -
A country rond In March In one of
' i Uiei richest Stntos In the t'nlon.
FULLY APPRECIATED BY
by p. n. Walker.
such work Is small, the necessary
equipment Is not expensive, and with
proper care will last a long time.
There are a few ordinary precau
tions to be used in painting, and they
are quite important too.
Do not use any paints containing
compounds of lead about stables or
outbuildings where the fumes from
decaying organic matter occur, since
these gases are likely to darken the
lead paints. Do not use with lead
A hand-power paint mill.
THE DUST BATH.
In every poultry-houee there should
bo a dust-bath, where the hens may
get rid of lice. Poultry-lice breathe
through pores In their sides, and fine
dust fills these pores and suffocates
the vermin. Road-dust hard-coal
ashes, or dry dirt of any kind, will ac
complish the purpose. Wood ashes.
if damp, may stain the feathers and
otherwise harm tho fowls. Some
times If Ihe hens are badly Infested,
Persian Insect-powder may be added
to the material In the dust-bath. A
tight box, t ft. x .ft. and one foot
deep. In a good receptacle fo the dust.
It should be placed where the sun can
shine on It, as many hours as possi
ble; for, when the hens are not exer
cising by scratching for thelj feed,
they will spend a rood dee I of time In
the dust-bsth, which Induces exercise.
The hens will not uee the bath freely
unless the sir Is warm, fcr they dis
like to open -their fnathers and expose
their bodies to sir below 0 degrees.
One end of the box may be put on the
Window-sill, and the other supported
on legs, with a canopy of denim or
duck, open on one aide pi d toward
jtho window. This will oonfine the
i heat, and make the temperature In
the box many degrees higher than the
temperature of the house. The can
opy should slant down from Ihe up
per part of the window, ot course, and
ba closed up on all sides tout one. so
that there will bj no draft to rarry off
th, heated air. Such a dust-bath can
b. easily and cheaply made and will
of the hen. The hen that Is comfort
able is the one that makes money for
her owners N. B. Chapman, Ulnne-
Otai rt'-t'r.Ti.. ,1 nil-'
The best results have been obtained
by dragging once each way after each
heavy rain. In some cases, however,
one dragging every three or four weeks
had been found sufficient to keep a
road in good condition. The drag
does Its best work when the soil is
"moist but not sticky."
V The sand-clay road Is made by mix
ing sand and clay together. Coarse,
sharp sand and sticky clays are pre
ferred. A proper mixtftre will pro
duce a hard surface, which In mild
climates and fo. light traffic will not
become loose when dry nor sticky
Ordinarily from 10 to 15 per cent
of clay and from SS to 00 per cent
of sand constitute the proper mixture.
If the road to be treated Is sandy,
the surface Is first leveled off and
crowned with the road-grader. The
clay is then dumped on the surface
and spread to a depth of from 6 to
8 inches at the center, and gradually
decreasing in depth toward the sides.
A layer of clean sand la then added,
which Is thoroughly mixed with the
clay, either by traffic or preferably by
means of plows and disk or tooth har
rows. v .
The sand-clay road, after comple
tion, should be carefully maintained
until the surface becomes firm and
smooth. The construction of this type
of road Is by no means a quick oper
ation. There are so many kinds of gravel
that it Is almost Impossible to lay
down principles of construction which
will hold good in all caseB.
The following are the principal
causes of failure In gravel roads:
First, poor material; round water
worn gravel; too littlo binder or too
much sand, earth or clay.
Second, unstable foundations: plac
ing gravel on surfaces filled with ruts
Thn middle west lias loo many of
these poorly built gravel roads.
compounds any pigments which may
liberate compound of sulphur. For
example, ultramarine blue which con
tains sulphur in a form in which It
may be set free Is a beautiful and
very permanent blue and may be used
with sine white, but should not be
used with white leud or any other
lead pigments. Prussian blue, on the
contrary, does not contain sulphur and
may be used with lead pigments.
Remember that turpentine and ben
sine are very Inflammable, and especial
precautions should be taken not to
bring paint containing these sub
stances near any light or open fire.
Many pigments are poisonous, and
the workman should be particularly
careful to remove all paint stains from
the skin, and not under any. circum
stances allow any of It to get Into his
mouth. A man should not eat in the
samo clothes In which he has been
painting, and beforo eating should not
only change his clothes but wash all
paint stains from his skin. It Is not
advisable to use turpentine or benxlne
In removing paint stains from the
hands, but by oiling thoroughly with
linseed oil, or. In fact, with any fatty
oil, and then thoroughly washing with
soap, the paint may be removed, pro-
vided it has not been allowed to dry
too thoroughly on the hands.
A USEFUL DUMP SLED.
A dump cart for summer and ' a
dump-sled for winter, can be used
very conveniently on tfcj farm for
A box body may be adjusted to any
sled. Tho pivots that swing the body
should be locatod so as to make the
top the heavier, and a pin should be
run through the hind bench of the
sled Into the end if the body to hold
It In an VPrlght position while loading.
As soon as a part of tho load has
been placed In the body this will bold
It in position, then when ready to
dump the load, pull out the pin and
give the top of the body a push and
tho weight of the load will turn It
over. j, a.
, DISEASE KILLS BOO HORSES.
A disease known to Veterinarians
as the pellagra, has made Its appear
ance among horses In some parts of
the south-central states, causing .the
death of nearly 100 quadrupeds in
only a short time. Mr. Robert Wal-
xer, the well known horseman states
that after an examination of the body'
of a horse which died of pellagra. It I
affected In the same i manner as the
disease affects persona .? The disease
is caused by feeding the animals on
unsound corn, 4 , ,.-i , ... . ..
.,( i ,...
7,n,r"'' Poor drainage; too flat, or
too high in the middle, side ditches
too deep or not deep enough, culverts
which are too small, or which are
laid so flat that they are soon filled
with silt or trash. ' !
Fourth, spreading gravel In dry
weather, dumping It in piles and leav
ing it for the traffic to spread.
Fifth, making the road too narrow
to accommodate the traffic, or so nar
raw that wagons will track and soon
cut the surface into ruts. Sixth, fail
ure to keep ruts and holes filled with
AVIth good binding or cementing
gravel, satisfactory roads nay be made
by surfacing the prepared subgrade
with one or two layers of this mat
erial. The earth foundation is' first
shaped with a road-grader, and If
possible, rolled with an eight or ten
ton roller. " i
The earth foundation , should be
crowned but slightly. Ths material
Is spread in one. two or three layers
to a total depth of from 8 to
12 Inches in the center, and from 4
to 6 inches at the sides, gradually
diminishing in depth to a featheredge
toward the aide ditches.
The gravel road ought to have a
little attention throughout the' year
Instead of a great deal of attention at
one time. Mud-holes should never be
filled with large rocks or boulders;
sods or trash. After the mud has
been removed, the holes should be
filled with the same kind of gravel
with which the road Is surfaced.
When the gravel road is worked
with a road machine the sods' and
weeds are often left in windrows In
tho middle. These should be raked
up and thrown into the adjneent field
or otherwise disposed of, as they re
tain moisture and cause lumps and
holes if left on the road.
Well drained earth road in Yam
Hill County, Orceon.
The artificial or natural brooding
of poults, although a comparatively
simple operation, demands strict at
tention to details and Is the most Im
portant phase In turkey raising, in
asmuch as the first month of the
poult's life Is , the most precarious
period. From that time onward, all
other d ingers, excepting that of black
head disease, continue to grow less.
If a hen Is confined In a roomy,
covered pen, and the poults are care
fully yarded during the first month,
she will, barring the ravages of black
head, disease, raise 90 per cent of
them. If she Is allowed to roam she
may raise as many, but It will de
pend largely upon their fortuitous
escape from water, cold, and animal
foes. Their survival may wlso de
pend upon the Individual character
istics of the hen as a brooder; and
upon the care which she receives.
Poults Improperly brooded during
the first week begin to die lb the
second. They seem at thl early age
particularly subject to lung and. ab
dominal troublea ' Overheating and
chilling, and rapid changes from hot
to cool conditions, affect them fatally.
The connection between the lungs and
the abdominal air sacs Is such that
both are affected by eolda. One of
the most common Tesults of these in
flammations Is a suspension of eating
followed by the absence of Ingesta in
ths 'ntestine. The eonsequenca of
mi. im mai we wnue material ex
creted by the kidneys becomes more
apparent and gives rise to the symp
tom called white diarrhea. While this
inflammation may or may not be due
to a speclfio germ, the disease la so
readily prevented by proper temper
ature conditions during the first three
weeks or the poult's life that It mat
ten little whether It Is a germ disease
ornot The disease Is on the same
LITTLE HELPS ON THE FARM.
Do not plow too early In tho spring
Walt till the ground is dry. Follow
with the harrow until tho soil Is finely
Use wood ashes for potatoes. . The
potato relishes the potash contained In
them, and the scab does not Jlke the
lime they contain.
Give your - garden crops Just tbe
fertiliser they prefer. Remember that
plants that furnish us with edible
leaves or stalks flourish If given ni
trogen; when the fruit root kernel
or bulb, la the edible part dose with
ashes, potash or phosphorio acid.
Hen manure may be sown between
the rows of lettuce, and allowed to
wash Into tho soil. , , , . , .
. ' i '
If the dairymen--eoW oe Into
direct contact with the people who
eat their butter there would be
;neea or aiscuss-lng the subject of malt
n U tt " I ""k'
My advlso i th. I
corn, oats, clover; grind them together
and cut oirt the lge Urd bills which
are knocking all the prolllj from the
l'4ll,!'A ' - . i -....,
VALUE OF SOIIi STOVFyg,
Soil surveys are of Tali,, to
roads in giving reliable and Impart!,!
Information with regard ti the Joj,
and agricultural possibilities of tl
territory through which the lines ran"
in showing them lines of agrlcultum
development which they can f0.t
for the fuller development of th '
country and the increase of their own
Surveys are of value to real eat,,
companies In that they give an m
partial and authoritative basis for dm"
Ing In lands, which -can be obtalnM
In no other way. They tent to nteadr
business and prevent unjust and tin.
Surveys are of value to colonisation
organizations, as well as to the rail,
ways, In furnishing exact and rellabl
bases for the 'intelligent settlement ot
communities, particularly In placing
the large number of farmers reachlnt ;
our shores from foreign countrlei
through the Immigration Bervlcs.
These people are particularly In need
of reliable information regarding lo.
callties where they can settle and
take up agricultural Industries with
which they are reasonably familiar
The farmers of southern Italy, ot
northern Italy, of France, Germany
Sweden, Holland, Ireland, and othar
countries have certain traits and
characteristics and have acquired nab. '
Its and adaptabilities which can ba '
successfully . applied to certain toll
types and certain conditions, and an
likely to be unsuccessful unless ths
conditions are approximately fulfilled.
Soil surveys are of value to th
farmer In many ways. , They give him
first of all an accurate and Impartial
dlscrlptlon qf his colls, thus enabling;
a direct comparison with the soils of
other localities. They show what may
be expected of the soil when Intel
ligently cultivated, the proper erops'
to plant, and the possibilities of ad
opting on their farms crops and meth
ods of culture that have been suo.
cesBfully Inaugurated In other local,
(ties with similar soils. . They giv
him an advantage in dealing wlti
other individuals and with real entati
companies In the sale of his lanl
They give him and his sons the ad- .
vantage of more specific training In
the agricultural schools and univers
ities. They give him certain advant
ages of knowledge In purchasing lands
from real estate agents. They glv
him a basis for consideration from;
the railroads and business organist,
I tlons, which consideration Is often
required In the building up of new
! agricultural enterprises. . They give
' him an advantage in securing loans,
and finally they aid him in securlni
more Intelligent and more competent
labor. The surveys are also Invaluable
for any one selecting farm In a lo-.
callty.wlth which he la not personally
acquainted. . ,
basis as pneumonia In human beings, ,
since germs In that case may cause
the disease, but they seem to get theli
first foothold by Inflammations pro
duced In the tissues aa a result et
changes of temperature.
Diseases that occur alter the first
liii.:;'.:-. or six weeks are nearly always
of (lletlc origin. Tho cthtlnual re
tention of poults In the ho jse for from
eight to twelve weeks has often pro
duced animals of weak bone structure.
In some cases, howevnr, when pro
perly fed and when the temperature
conditions have ben changed, poults '
have been carried In the house for
a longer time In a perfectly healthy
condition. Granulated milk, animal
meal; ground bone, and exercise, or
cooler surroundings, havo all served
to prevent crooked breasts and weak
bones. It has been found that poults
changed at from one month to six
weeks old from the board floors to ,
the ground soon became more vig
NOTES ON HOG RAISING.
A. J. Lovejoy, tho famous hot
breeder of Illinois once stated that a
hog gained 400 pounds on ah acre of,
While clover la a close second to
alfalfa as a hog pasture. If It does not
take front rank as many farmers be
lleve some grain must be fed In or
der to make quick and hlg gain.
As a single ration, alfalfa comes
nearest to filling all the requirements
of a hog that Is trying to get fat.
Are the young pigs to be allowed to
shiver and freesa In tho cold damp
winds of early spring? And die at
the rata of one , to five out of every
A steady diet of corn will produne
thumps In .young pigs. Give then
slops composed of -shorts and mid
dllngs and only a little corn and tbati
once a day.
Be sure the seed you-buy It trot . .
to name and will germinate well. 1
Is in excellent plan to purchase seed '
In time to give them a good test ,
to their germinating powers.
Be sure to keep the shed where y0
feed the sheep clean. Sheep are
dainty and do not relish, food served
the second time. Give' them only
whot Uiv will t u clrt, t eacU .
f'-ejll J t nil y ; 4 -. ''-i '"
The Asheville Times (Asheville, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
March 7, 1912, edition 1
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