THE WEATHER '
Probably Snow Tonight and
Sunday; Much Colder Tonight
VOL XXII. NO. 325.
ASHEVILLE, N. C, SATURDAY AFTERNOON, DEC. 29, 1917
PRICE FIVE CENTS
The Fanning and Nicholson
Were American Warships
Engaged, Report Shows
ACTING AS ESCORTS
TO MERCHANT SHIPS
Destroyers Dropped Depth
Charges, Which Sank U
Boat; Crew Surrendered
Washington, Dec. 29. Full details
of the destruction by American de
stroyers of a German submarine and
tho capture of Its crew made public
today by the navy department, show
that the destroyers Funning iind Nidi
olson were the warships engaged. The
incident was reported Njvomber 24.
but lew facts wore given.
The submarine was sung, the navy
' department's story of the affair In
dicates, as It was preparing to attack
a, merchant ship flotilla convoyed by
lAddrjss-is of officers of the Fan
vnlng as announced by the navy de
lieutenant H'-r O. Henry, enre
iN, V. Mllioy. Murfreesboro, Tenn., and
Chief Pharmacists Maie Elscer fur
well. Peotts Hill, Tenn.
Navy's Story of Incident.
The navy department's full story of
the incident follows:
"At about 4:10 p. m., while es
corting a convoy, Coxswain David D.
Loomis, lookout of the Fanning,
flighted a small periscope some dis
tance off tho port bow, extending
about a foot out of water and visible
lor only a few seconds. The Fanning
Immediately headed for the spot and
about threo minutes after the peri
scope had been sighted dropped a
depth charge. The Nicholson nlso
speeded to the position of the subma
rine, which nppeared to be heading to
ward a merchant vessel in the convoy,
pud dropped another depth charge.
At that moment the submarine's con
ning tower appeared on the surface
between the Nicholson and tho con
voy, and tho Nicholson fired three
shots from her stern gun. The bow of i
the submarine came up rapidly. She
was down by the stern but righted
herself and seemed to Increase her
Fpeed. The Nicholson cleared, the
Faunlni; headed for the U-boat, firing
from the bow gun. After the third
elv.it the crew of the submarine all
came on deck and held up their hands. '
the submarine surrendering at 4:28
"The Fanning approached the eub-j
marine to pick up the prisoners, both
; destroyers keeping their batteries
trained on the boat. A line was got to
the submarine, but in a few minutes
she sank, the line was let go and tho
crew of the U-boat jumped into the
water and swam to the Fanning.
"Although the crew all wore life
preservers a number of them were
exhausted when they reached the side
of the destroyer. As the submarine
Bank five or six men were caught by
the radio aerial and carried below tho
eurface before they disentangled them
' selves. Ten of the men were so weak
that lines had to be passed under .their
tarms to haul them aboard. One man
i was In such a condition that ho could
not even hold the line thrown him.
Chief Pharmacists Mate Elzer Harwell
and Coxswain Francis G. Conner (N.
IN. V.) Jumped overboard after this
inian and secured a line under his
Inrras. When he was hauled aboard
'every effort was made to resuscitate
lilm, but he died in a few minutes.
,The four officers of the submarine and
: 85 members of the crew were all
"After being taken on board the
prisoners were glvvn hot coffee and
sandwiches. Though kept under strict
guard, they seemed contented and
; after a short time commenced to sing.
To make them comfortable the crew
1 of the destroyer gave them their
'warm coats and heavy clothing.
"The German officers said the first
depth charge had wrecked the ma
chinery of the submarine and canned
'her to sink to a considerable depth.
'The submarine bore no number
nor .distinguishing mark. She was,
however. Identified by life belts and by
. statements of an officer and men of
the crew. One of the life bolts, the
report said, had "Kaiser" marked on
I one side and "Gott" on the other.
"The Fanning proceeded to port and
I transferred her prisoners under guard.
As they were leaving In small boats,
j the Germans gave three cheers. The
j commanding officer of the Fanning
(read the burial service over the body
of the dead German sailor and the de
stroyer proceeded to sea and buried
;him with full military honors.
j "In his report, the commander of
the Fanning praises the conduct of his
officers and crew, and gives particular
.credit to Lieut. Walter O. Henry, of
iflcer of the deck, and to Coxswain
Loomis, who sighted the periscope.
He also commends Pharmacists Mate
.'Harwell and Coxswain Connor, who
"Jumped overboard to save the drown
"Tho British commander In chief,
tindpr whom the destroyers were oj
erating, said this in his report to the
IBritlsh admiralty: 'The whole affairs
(reflect credit on the discipline and
THE ALLIES WILL BE
ASKED TO TAKE PART
IN PEACE CONFERENCE
And If They Refuse Russi a Will Make Separate Peace
With Germany, Trotzky Announces Count Czer
nin's Terms Insufficient, Allied Leaders Declare;
Correspondent Thinks Russia Wants Peace Above
Russia, Leon Trotzky told the coun
cil of workmen's and soldiers' dele
gates, would be forced to conclude a
Honnrnte nence with fiermanv unless
the entente allies join in the peaca ne
gotiations within ten days. The Bol-1
shevik foreign minister announced I
that the ciTielals will ask the entente
powers whether they will Join in the
An advance guard of German peace
emissaries has arrived in Petrograd.
Allied Leaders Reply.
Great Britain and France, through
Premier Lloyd George and Foreign
Minister Plchon, have replied infor
mally to the peace proposals enunciat
ed by Count Czernin for the central
The German terms are declared to
be insufficient. The British national
labor conference has voted to continue
the war to make the world safe for
democracy In the future. Foreign pol
icies of the French government were
approved by the French chamber of
Correspondents Write of Situation.
London, Dec. 29 Special dispatches
from Petrograd, bearing date of Thurs
day, aim to give an Impression of how ;
the German peace reply was received!
there, but tho statements are lnex-1
plicit and seem to be based partly on
surmise. The reply, according to the
correspondent of The Daily News,
created a favorable Impression gen
erally and he-believes that if the Bol
sheviki convene the constituent assem
bly now they will havo Russia almost
solidly behind them.
Representing the people as dis
pirited and indifferent owing to the
miserable conditions of life, including
the food shortage, the correspondent
of The Morning Post says that as far
as northern .Russia is concerned it will
accept peace on any terms the Ger
mans may like to impose. How the
remainder of Russia will act, ho adds,
is another question. The correspond
end of The Times is of the opinion
that the Bolshevikl are disheartened
over the German refusal to allow na
tionalities hitherto without political
independence to decide their own fu
ture. He says that as the Russian
delegates will adhere to this demand,
it is likely to be a serious stumbling
block to further negotiations.
Not Known What Action
Embassy Will Take On
Seizure Of Banks
Washington, Dec. 29. B. P. Stev
ens, mnnucer of tho National Cllv
Branch bank in Petrograd, and his
assistant, a Mr. Link, arrested when
the Bolshevikl seized the bank, have
been released. American Ambassador
Francis reported today.
Ambassador Francis' dispatch add
ed nothing to yesterday's news cables
on the seizure of the banks, but said
that Stevens and his assistant after
being arrested were marched through
the streets to the bank, where they
were released. What action, if any,
because of the seizure has been taken
by tho American embassy was not
Unofficial reports of tho Bolshevikl
having refused admittance to Russia
to an American courier because his
pass ports had not been inspected by
the Bolr.hevik minister at Stockholm,
will cause no action by this govern
ment, it was said today at tho state
department, and would not cause the
government to ask the Bolshevikl for
passports. Such a request might be
construed into a recognition.
training of the United States flotilla,'
and addod that the incident showed
that the Fanning 'is a man-of-war in
the best sense of tho term, well dis
ciplined and organized and ready for
Immediate action.' He also praises
her commander, Lieutenant A. 8. Car
pender, and commonds Lieutenant
Henry, Coxswain Loomis, Pharmacists
Mate Harwell and Coxswain Conner.
The British admiral also commended
the prompt action of the Nicholson,
which he says completed the success
of its sister ship. The Nicholson was
commanded by Lieutenant G. H. Fort.
The British admiralty sent a telegram
to the commander-in-chief directing
him to express to the commanding of
ficer, officers and men of fhe Fanning
its 'high appreciation of their success
ful action against enemy submarines.'
"Vice-Admiral Sims commanding
the American forces, operating in Eu
ropean waters commended the otfioers
and men of the Fanning and Nichol
son. Coxswain Loomis was advanced
to the next higher rating in recogni
tion of his vigilance In lighting the
No News In l'etrograd.
The Russian frontier, according to
The Post's correspondent, again has
been closed to British and Americans
owing to the continued disputes con
cerning government messages. Allied
residents in Petrograd, like the ordi
nary public, have been six weeks in
complete ignorance of what is happen
ing in allied countries. The ordinary
postal service stopped working long
ago. On the other hand there is
plenty of German newspapers and in
formation. Petrograd, the correspondent adds,
is full of Germans who quite at ease,
speak the Berlin dialect loudly, the
Russians not protesting. In general,
he says, the feeling of the allied resi
dents in northern Russia at the pres
sent finds its nearest parallel in that
of the European residents in Peking
during the Boxer troubles. He quotes
a represenatlve of one of the allies
as saying to him last week:
"We shall put tip with any affront
to keep Russia in the war."
Affronts to Allied Diplomats
The Post's correspondent adds that
affronts to the allied diplomats have
hot been lacking. It is reported that
the Bolshevikl at Kiev are trying to
establish a rival Ukrainian rada to be
composed of workmen and peasants.
A congress of workmen's and soldiers'
delegates held in Kharkov has de
clared itself the supreme power in
the Ukraine, deposing the Ukrainian
The Ukrainian military commander
at Kiev has requested Ensign Kry
Ir.nko, ,the Bolshevikl commander-in-chief,
to release a number of Ukrain
ian officers and soldiers he arrested
at Minsk, Pskoff and elsewhere. A
reply was demanded within 48 hours.
Passports to Couriers,
Petrograd, Dec. 29. The British
embassy authorizes the announcement
that an agreement ha3 been reached
with the Bolshevik government to is
sue passports to couriers going to Eng
land, on condition that they perform
only courier duty and return imme
diately. The Moscow Bolshevik authorities
have followed the example of those in
Petrograd and have taken over all
the private banks in Moscow.
Given Up Everything Which
We Have Bought So
Dearly,' Says One
Amsterdam, Dec. 28. Pan-German
newspapers angrily condemn the peace
terms of the central powers. The Tag
lische Rundschau, of Berlin, says:
"Never before have w given up so
completely everything we so dearly
bought with the bolod of hundreds of
thousands, with the sweat of millions,
with the deprivations of our children,
with our own hunger."
The Deutsche Zeitung says that the
entente has won the greatest victory
of the war and that diplomats have
destroyed all that has been fought for.
The Koelnlsche Zeitung, on the
other hand regards the conditions as
opening the road to a peace advan
tageous to all sides.
The Lokal Anzelger thinks that the
German answer to Russia will not be
much to the taste of people with mili
tary leanings but adds:
"The outlines, however, are drawn
wide enough to give scope for de
mands of Justice. Definite Judgment
upon the peace work at Brest-Litovsk
depends on how far tills i, fusibility is
utilized in later negotiations."
PAPER ON JANUARY 7
Washington, Dee. 29. Commission
er W. B. Colver, of the Federal trade
commission, announced today that
plans were rapidly maturing for the
hearings beginning January 7. in con
nection with the news print price
agreement which several manufactur
er! recently made with the depart
ment of Justice. A general invitation
has been extended : all publishers
and jobbers to participate and
from replies it Is expected that a large
number will attend.
The afternoon of January 9, next,
has beon set for a conference with the
Jobbers, at which tho provisions of the
agreement in which they are Inter
ested will be considered.
Eastern Section Plunged In
Cold Snap From Which
Weather Bureau Foresees
No Early Relief
Washington, Dec. 29. A great,
thick blanket of intensely cold air, ly
ing sluggishly over the country from
the upper Mississippi valley to the
seaboard has plunged the whole east
ern section of the United States into
a cold snap from which the weather
bureau foresees no immediate relief.
While record low temperatures may
be shown in some places the cold gen
erally does not equal that of the mid
December snap, but it is none the less
effective as an agent of distress and
suffering in many localities where
there are coal shortages, intensified
by the increased difficulties of trans
portation and communication.
In the language of the weather
sharps, an "anti-cyclone" is responsi
ble for the change. This is nothing
less than an extraordinarily high bar
ometer, touching this morning as high
as 31 inches, something seldom seen
in winter weather. This condition,
prevailing over a great territory,
means that an area of high atmos
pheric pressure, impregnated with
cold, has suddenly settled down over
the eastern section ,and by its superior
weight and force, had crowded out to
sea the low pressure area which con
tained all the warmer air. Around
the edges of the high pressure area
there are rain and snow, but the whole
great mass has settled so sluggishly
and gives so little disposition to move
on and give place to warmer airs, that
the weather bureau warns the country
it may not expect relief for three or
four days at least.
In the south there has. been some
snow in the middle Atlantic coast dis
tricts and easterp Tennessee. . .Cloudy,
unsettled weatner win prevail tonignt
and Sunday in the south Atlantic and
in the coastal districts of the, middle
Atlantic states. Cold wave warnings
have been Issued for interior South
Carolina and central Georgia.
To Moderate After Wednesday.
Washington, Dec. 29. Cold and
cloudy weather the first half of the
week, moderating after Wednesday
with rain Friday or Saturday, is fore
cast for the South Atlantic and east
gulf states during the week beginning
tomorrow. Fair weather and rising
temperature the first half of the week,
with snow about Thursday and again
at tho end of the week. Is indicated for
Tennessee. There will be no decided
temperature changes the last half of
Four Below In Boston.
Boston, Dec. 29. The most severe
cold wave experience in New England
since 1914 swept in from the north
west early today and caused wide
spread suffering because of the gen
eral lack of fuel. From a maximum
reading of 37 degrees yesterday, the
temperature dropped to 4 degrees be
low in Boston at 7:30 o'clocV. tns
morning, and held close to that mark
an hour later with little Indication,
weather bureau officials said, of any
rise during the day. There was no
promise of immediate relief, for bur
eau reports showed that the cold
would continue over Sunday.
Coldest Day In rhllly.
Philadelphia, Dec. 29. Steam and
electric car service was interrupted
and telephone and telegraph wires
were damaged by a snow storm which
ushered in the coldest day of the win
ter here today. While zero tempera
tures prevailed in many parts of the
state the lowest figure In this city was
six degrees but a high north wind
which blew the snow into deep drifts
added to the discomfort. Suffering is
widespread throughout the city among
all classes because of the coal short
aKe. Colder weather Is predicted by
the weather bureau for tomorrow and
Little PnfferlnB In Pittsburgh.
Pitsburgh, Dec. 29. Natural gas
companies and coal distributing agen
cies learned a lesson from the first
cold snap of the winter two weeks ago
and when the mercury began dropping
late yesterday preparations were im
mediately made to meet any emer
gency. As a reBUlt, even though of
ficial temperatures showed from three
to five above zero this morning, there
was no suffering and manufacturing
plants were In operation. Train and
trolley service, however, was delayed.
Warnings In Far Smith..
New Orleans, Dec. 29. Warning of
n cold wave tonight for Louisiana, east
Texas and Mississippi was issued today
by the district 'fdrecastcr of the local
weather bureau. Louisiana residents
were advised to protoct llvo stock and
vegetation against predicted tempera
tures of 14 to 18 degrees in the north
portion and 20 to 26 degrees in the
south. Temperatures ranging from ?0
to 28 degrees ware predicted for the
sugar and trucking region of east
Texas and freezing weather to (he
ooast was forecast for Mississippi.
Thirty Below nt Dulnth.
St. Paul, Minn., Dec. 29. Frigid
temperatures continued today over the
northwest. At Duluth 30 degrees be
low zero was recorded and at St. Paul
Ten Below nt Albany.
Albany, N. Y., Deo. 29. A maxi
mum temperature of ten degrees be
low zero was recorded at the United
States weather bureau station here today.
PETROGRAD HEARS THAT
CROWN PRINCE CHARLES
SUNK; 193 LIVES LOST
London. Dee. 29. Three Brit
ish torpedo boat destroyers were
sunk through being struck by tor
pedoes or hitting a mineoff the
Dutch coast on the night of De
cember 22, with the loss of 12 of
ficers and 180 men, the admiralty
"Three of our destroyers were
mined or torpedoed during foggy
weather off the Dutch coast on the
night of the 22nd of December. A
total of 13 officers and 180 men
were lost." .
North and Northwest of
Holy City Turkish At
tacks Are Repulsed and
Enemy Pushed Back
Only in Palestine has there been
marked fighting nctiv'tv. North and
northwest of Jerusalem British troops,
after reposing four Turkish attacks,
attacked th enemy and pushed them
back 2t& miles On a fioiii of nine
miles. Turkish losses are reported to
have been heavy and among the pris
oners taken were Germans.
Artillery duels are in progress be
tween the opposing armies on the Ital
ian and western fronts. On the front
In France the German artillery fire
has been heavy around St. Quentin
and in the Ypres section. A German
attack in Lorraine was broken up by
Patrol Knenunters. '
Paris, Dec. 29. "There was noth
ing to report last night with the ex
ception of patrol encounters north of
(the Chemln-Des-Dames and near
Saplgneul", says today's official state
ment. "French aviators last night bombed
the railway station at Maizieres-Les-Mtz
and Thionvllle and German es
tablishments in the vicinity of Vou
zleres and Rethel."
TD FUEL DIFFICULTIES
Coal Arriving In City Slow
lySuffering May Be
A hard snow storm today sent hun
dreds of people to the fuel officials
and coal dealers In "parch of fuel.
"It is a mistake to say that the coal
dealers have been out of coal since
Wednesday," said one of the coal men
this morning. "The has been coal on
the local yards every day, but the
trouble Is that when a car arrives it
takes only a half hour or so for the
fuel administration to Issue orders for
all of that car. Then when orders are
cut oft at the City Hall the word goes
out that there Is no coal in sight for
anybody. Some people see the coal;
others hear these mistaken reports
and the result is confusion and mysti
fication. We have been delivering
some coal ever ydoi this week."
The transportation system of the
city was taxed today to deliver coal
and wood to those who were in need.
A new car of coal reached one of the
yards last night and by 10 o'clock
about 200 orders had been granted for
distribution of that supply.
At the city woodyard drays and
wheelbarrows made their way through
driving snow, and the city's auxiliary
coal yard was busy filling small orders,
with City Sealer of Weights and Meas
ures J. H. Weaver and Truant Officer
J. J. Worsley in charge of this new
It is sadly true that more coal and
wood are needed. Snow today Is im
peding the'dellcvery of coal and wood
and the fuel administration and the
city board are of coiirxe unable to say
when the supply of fuel will either
entirely be gone or will be sufficient
for all demands. It Is still believed,
however, that suffering will be pre
vented In the city.
The fuel administration today pur
chased a carload of coal from the
Southern railway and this will be dis
tributed In small orders.
Bolshevik Government Gets Report That Rev
olutionary Plot Against Ferdinand Has Been
Successful Reports of Unsettled Conditions
and Political Crisis Previously Received-
Report of King s Abdication Unconfirmed
King Ferdinand has abdicated the Rumanian throne in fa-i
vor of Crown Prince Charles, according to persistent rumors in
retrograd. Official confirmation, however, is lacking.
Unsettled conditions and a political crisis in Rumania were
reported early this week in dispatches from Petrograd and the
Bolshevik government received
a revolutionary plot against King Ferdinand. The Rumanian
army has been inactive since the Russian armistice and peace
negotiations forced it to suspend hostilities. Bolshevik and Ger
man propagandists have been reported working among the Ru
Petrograd, Dec. 29.-There are persistent rumors here that I
King Ferdinand, of Rumania, has abdicated in favor of Crown
Prince Charles. ' !
Political Crisis Reported.
Disturbed conditions In Rumania
were reported in a dispatch from Pet
rograd, dated Monday. It was said
news of a revolutionary plot against j
Ferdinand had been received at the
Bolshevikl headquarters in Petrograd .
Other reports, it was added, tended to
confirm indications of a political
crisis. Except for this there has been
little news from Rumania since the
Rumanian army was forced to agree
to an armistice on the eastern front.
It had been reported that Bolshevikl
and German propagandists were at
work among the Rumanian troops.
Member Hoheiizollcrn Family.
King Ferdinand, who is a member
of the Hohenzollern family, succeed
ed his uncle. King Charles, in October,
11914, King Charles having died at Si
Inaia on October 10. Rumania de
i dared war on Austria on August 27,
1916. and King Ferdinand took per
t sonal command of the army shortly
King Ferdinand is the son of Trince
Leopold, of Hohenzollern-Slgmaring-en,
and two of his brothers are gen
erals in the Oerman army. He was
born at Sigmaringen, August 24, 1865.
Charles Officer in Army.
Crown Prince Charles was born Oc
tober 3, 1893, and is an officer in the
Rumanian army. He is unmarried,
although early in 1914 it was reported
that his bethrothal to the then Grand
Duchess Olga, of Russia, had been ar
British Prisoners Held
London. Dec. 15. (By mail) Brit
ish prisoners held by the enemy, in
cluding those in Switzerland, total 46,
712, according to an official announce
Halifax, N. S., Dec. 29. The shift
of tho wind today resulted In the
abandonment of efforts to salvage the
Amorican steamer ashore at Pennant.
Yesterday afternoon high seas com
menced to roll and all hands left the i
steamer. Almost, a thousand tons of
cargo had been removed from the ship
and the work of sealing up the dam
age to her bow was proceeding favor
ably when the wind changed. Should
the storm increase in violence It whs
feared today that the steamer would
not be long In going to pieces.
The salvaging staff was hopeful,
however, for moderate weather that
would enable them to resume and
successfully complete the salvage.
Abandon Baseball TrlM.
Wllliamstown, Mass., Dec. 29. The
Williams college baseball nine will not
make Its customary southern trip
during the Eastern vacation next
spring. The plan has been abandoned
In the Interest of economy.
Fort Worth, Tex., Dec. 29. Gordon
Mott, of the royal flying corps of Can
ada, fell while making an airplane
flight at Benbrook field here today and
information that there had been
Queen Marie, of Rumania, who wai
a duchess of Saxe-Coburg Gotha, is a
granddaughter of Queen Victoria, of
Great Britain, and was married to
King Ferdinand on January 10, 1893.
Since Rumania's entrance Into theJ
war, more than two-thirds of her ter-i
ritory has been overrun by the enemy.J
I The royal family flea-from the capl-
tal, Bucharest, in the fall of 1918, andj
i since that time has been at Jassy.
Rumania To Stay With Allies.
London, Dec. 15 (By mall). De- -t
spue me armistice negotiations rorcea
on the Rumanian army by the col
lapse of the Russian forces on their
flanks. Rumania intends to remain
one of the allies. The Rumanian min
ister in London in a statement to the
Associated Press, says:
"The negotiations that have begun
between the Russian general on the
Rumanian front and the enemy have
resulted only in a suspension of hos
tilities. Negotiations for a regular
armistice have probably not yet com
menced, and when begun must neces
sarily occupy some time.
"It is certain that the Russians on
that front will Insist as the first con
dition of a stoppage of hostilities that
there shall b& no movement of troops
from one front to another.
"Whatever happens, even in the pre
vailing situation In Russia, Rumania
will always remain one of the allies.
and will be guided absolutely by their
wisnca. hne win never lollow any In
dependent course of action."
Number 46,7 12
ment. The prisoners include members i
of the regular army,, territorial forces,
royal navy and naval division, divided j
as follows: i
IlllflS PLANS FDR THE
Washington, Dec. 29. Speedy reha
bilitation of Belgians now in France,
according to cable dispatches received ;
at the Belgian legation here. Repre
nentatlves of the commercial. Indus
trial and laboring interests of Bel
glum recently gathered In Paris un-
der the leadership of Mr. Hyman,
King Albert's minister of economic
affairs, to discuss means for restoring .
the industrial machine crippled by the
Arrangement, were discussed for re
building the machinery destroyed by
the kaiser's troops for obtaining sum- '
cl?nt quantities of raw materials and
for assembling and placing on a sound
basis tho nation's shattered finances.
The movement, said the dispatches,
has the united support of the labor1
Suffering In Baltimore. '
Baltimore, Dec. 29. This region
awoke today to one of the coldest days '
It has experienced since the local
weather bureau was established. The ,
temperature dropped to six degrees
above rero at 7 a. m., with a high wind
and light snowfall. The storm brought
a decided Increase in suffering among
the poor of this city and added to the
already serious wltuation la regard '
to coal shortage. i