Partly Cloudy and Continued
Cold Sunday and Monday
VOL XXII. NO. 326.
ASHEVILLE, N. C, SUNDAY MORNING, DEC. 30, 1917
PRICE FIVE CENTS
HEilG PUT IN
GENERAL POOLING OF
GOVERNMENT AJiLLiDNE NEGOTIATOR
Sanatorium For Tubercular
Near Azalea Recommend
ed By Major Bruns
ONE OF FOUR IN
Soldiers Permanently Injur
ed to Learn Trades At
A government sanatorium for tu
bercular patients will in all probabil
ity be established near Azalea, Ave
miles from Asheville, according to a
statement made last night by Major
B. H. Bruns, head of the tubercular
department, internal medicine, United
States surgeon-general's office. The
sanatorium i3 planned to start with
BOO beds, may be increased to 1,000,
Will cost from $300,000 to $500,000
and will be operated in conjunction
with the tinted States reconstruction
hospital which will be located at Ken
ilworth inn. Major Bruns said that
the lease for the Kenilworth property
had been practically closed, but that
no tubercular patients will be treated
at the inn.
Major Bruns leaves this afternoon
for Washington where-he will recom
mend to the war department that the
Johnson and Brown lands at Azalea
be acquired for Iho sanatorium. The
sanatorium will probably be a perma
nent institution of the government.
Asheville physicians, members of the
Army Medical corps will be asked to
take charge of the patients, and the
Azalea hospital will be one of four
similar ones operated by the govern
ment. The others are at Otlsville,
N. Y.; Camp Byrd, N. M., and Den-
: ver, Colo. Major Bruns conferred
with Asheville men Friday and yes-
: terday received the assurance of the
Asheville ciiy commissioners that city
water will be provided for tho Azalea
establishment. The government de
sires quick action in this matter, said
Major Bruns, as there are already
quite a number of soldiers suffering
from tuberculosis, ami tho work will
begin, according to the war depart
ment's plans, as soon as the weather
Major Bruns explained that all tu
bercular patients from the army
forces abroad and at home will be
first brought tn the Otlsville hospital
where -they will be elnssillod. Those
in tho early stages of the disease
will be taken to Azalea, Denver or
(.'amp Byrd; the men who are least
able to travel will remain at Oris
vllle. ; The head of the government
tubercular department stated that
the Asheville climate does not need
any recommendation, to. government
officials, as its curative properties uro
already well known.
At Kenilworth, men who have be
come seriously maimed, and crippled
In the great battle with Germany will
be taught useful trades. Some who
have become partially paralvzed or
suffered shock in the terrible shell
fire which rages along the long battle
fronts will be taught the use of limbs
and faculties that are temporarily de
stroyed, although Major Bruns was
doubtful whether the insane or tem
porarily insane will come here. Many
men who can never do manual labor
again, much less fight for their coun
try, will be taught to do clerical work
and will bo able to return to civil life
in position to support themselves.
Men who have lost hands and legs
will be given artificial ones and taught
how to use them accurately and skil
fully. At the inn also, whose splendid
grounds and golf links made that
place especially attractive to the gov
ernment officials, will be the surgi
cal hospital, and all the surgery for
the two institutions for sick or wound
ed soldiers will be done at Kenilworth.
The sanatorium will be near enough
to Kenilworth to make this arrange
ment convenient, the distance boing
something like three miles.
It is expected that Kenilworth inn
will be completed by July, and the
sanatorium at Azalea will probably
be rushed to completion about the
The Washington correspondent of
The TIMES wrote this paper some
weeks ago that the lease for Kenil
worth was likely to be concluded and
that the war department was consld
. ering a sanatorium somewhere up the
Hwannanoa river. The statements of
Major Bruns made last night con
ilrm those dispatches.
Major Bruns looked over a number
of sites during his visit here, but he
.saw nothing that suited him as well'
1 as the Azalea location. Yesterday he
:went over the grounds carefully with
J. M. Chiles, manager of Kenilworth,
and Commissioner of Public Works
"J, G. Btikeleather. The boundary
.which may be acquired at once near
i Azalea will be ample for buildings
Land grounds sufficient for recreation
or other purposes.
Vermont Schools To Close.
Montpelier, Vt., Deo. 29.-nThe pub
lic schools of Vermont were ordered
c losed till January 14 by' the educa
tional department tonight because of
(the fuel situation. ' The temperature
Jiore this afternoon was 27 below.
; Score Killed In Wreck.
' North Vernon, Ind., Dee. 29. Be
tween 20 and JO persons were killed
e.rd scores injured tonight when trains
Nos. 21 and 23 collided head on a
mile and a quarter east of this city
pa tho Baltimore and Ohio railroad.
Stitslavski Urges Calling
Of Socialist Conference
to Discuss Peace
Bolsheviki, Who Are Losing
Out, Adopting Stern Meas
ures Against Enemies
Stockholm, Dec. 29.- Denouncing
the Brest-Litovsk "peace conference"
as Bolsheviki treachery by which the
Russian terms would apply their own
Germans, ostensibly accepting the
interpretations, Stitslavski, one of
the Russian negotiators, returned here
from the conference today. He brought
word also of a concerted movement
against the Bolsheviki now forming
within his own party, the social revo
lutionaries,. Stitslavski declared he
would refuse further attendance at the
The Russian delegate dispatched
telegrams to supporters in Russia,
urging an immediate break in the
"peace" discussions and the calling
of a socialist conference at Stockholm
to discuss general peace.
Evidences multiplied today that
great forces are forming in Russia
against, the Bolsheviki and that the
Trotzky-Lenine regime have now been
brought to the dire necessity of trick
ery to deceive the people.
The social revolutionary party is
threatening an armed uprising. Dis
patches from the capital reported the
Bolsheviki now scheming the trick- of
calling their own. preliminary parlia
ment coincident with announcement
of a coalition with the social revolu
tionaries and the members of th left.
Radicals here denounced this "coali
tion" as a, fake. They said the "so
cial revolutionaries were not existent
now and that the object of the whole
scheme- was to detract attention from
the constitutional assembly the meet
ing of which has so far been pre
vented by the Bolsheviki."
The great pan-Russian railway un
ion, hitherto neutral, Is now announc
ed as thoroughly anti-Bolsheviki.
Kven Maxim Gorky, who very re
cently expressed sympathy with the
TrotKky-Lenine "ring," nnnnunccd in
a recent article in his newspaper, the
Novaja y.hisn, his views. He assailed
the government for false charges that
the midet party leaders incited Bol
sheviki irokiiors to smash wine cel
lars. This same allegation was the
one which the Bolsheviki put forth
as an excrse with which to arrest a
number of constitutional democrats.
It bus now been announced by every
one of tho nnti-Bolshevilti newspapers
left in i'etrograd.
In the capital tho governing ring
is adopting sternly representative
measures against its enemies. Not
only has the constituent assembly,
where there is a majority against the
Bolsheviki, been forbidden to meet,
but dispatches today told of orders
preventing the meeting of 109 mem
bers of that esscmbly who lire social
revolutionaries. They are even pre
vented from meeting privately. Un
der these circumstances, their leaders,
It w.'ts said,, had determined to address
the nation through a series of letteis,
having been forbidden to address the
public on the streets or in meeting
ha !;-:. .
The first of this series of letters,
as received here, is a blistering in
dictment of the Bolsheviki. , It de
scribes in detail how pernilsson was
refused the social revolutionaries to
"'iiier Tauride palace, meeting place
of the assembly; details a series of ar
rests and assaults on its representa
tives and summons tho nation to "sup
port the constituent n.ssembly prepar
atory to an open struggle against the
"Wo do not fear battle when a suf
ficient number of representatives ar
rive," tho letter declared. "We will
march to tho Tauride palace. The
people must rally their representatives
otherwise peace and order is Im
possible and there can be only pov
erty, tyranny and hunger."
Another remarkable manifestation
against Bolsheviki control was fur
nished In formal letters addressed to
Foreign Minister Trotsky by socialist
Austrian and Ukrainian war prisoners
in Russian prison camps.
"We emphatically urge you not to
conclude a separate peace with the
central powers," the letters all de
clared. "This would surely surrender
the Austro-Ukralnians and other sub
ject races in Austria into the hands of
the Austrian imperialists and militar
ists. We urge the conclusion of a gen
eral peace and only through repre
sentatives of the Russian people them
selves not through diplomats and
London, Dec. 20. Intense aerial ac
tivity was reported by Field Marshal
Haig tonight. A hundred bombs were
dropped yesterday on an enemy aero
drome north of Lille. In general air
fighting 11 hostile machines were
driven down and two others forced
to alight out of control. Three Brit
ish machines are missing.
Arrested on Serious Charge,
London, Dee. 29. Ambrose Dono
van, a laborer, was arrested today
charged with stealing confidential nav
al papers from the pocket of a United
States navy runner.
New York District Attorney
to Ask For Extreme Pen
alty In Case Of Natural
ized German .
New York, Dec. 29.- Charged with
having tampered with the vital ap
paratus, the bearings of torpedoes in
tended for American warships Paul
Hennig, a naturalized German, is In
jail here tonight, the first victim in
the country to be held on a formal
Indictment of treason Bince the United
States entered the war;
To Lieutenant Shea, Annapolis
graduate, goes the credit for having
discovered the plot that might have
resulted in destruction of American
warships by their own torpedoes.
Hennig was foreman of the gyroscope
deparUnent of the Bliss Torpedo com
pany in Brooklyn.
So ingenious was the traitorous
work he is alleged to have carried on
that only under microscopic examina
tion was some of it discovered. Hen
nig put emery in the bearings of the
delicate machinery which guides the
torpedo on its course, according to
evidence obtained against him. He
mutilated other pieces of the ma
chinery. Fine lines were scratched on deli
cate workings that would cause a tor
pedo to veer far from its course, and
thus spare some German ship. How
long Hennig has been carrying on his
work is not known but he has been
under surveillance for the past two
weeks. Yesterday the indictment
charging treason was returned against
him and today it became public when
Hennig was arrested. The penalty is
death, $10,000 fine or five years' im
prisonment. The district attorney is prepared to
demand the extreme penalty. Hen
nig was naturalized in 1916, two years
after the outbreak of the European
war.. Authorities believe he took this
step as part of his plan to avoid in
ternment and work as an agent of
Germany in event of America enter
ing the war.
His treachery was made possible by
the fact that extra parts. -Are .packed
in vaseline in glass jars. These parts
come first to Hennig. In the past they
have been approved by government in
spectors merely checking the number
Shea, however,, having suspected
Hennig, ordered every Jar opened.
The delicate parts of tho gyroscopes
were taken out, the vaseline removed,
and each one-examined.
Emery was found in the bearings of
some. Others were put under the mi
conscope and the tell-tale scratches
loomed up. Hennig was arrested at his
home today and held without bail.
When arraigned he pleaded not guilty
but was remanded without bail pend
ing a hearing set for January 2.
Hurry B. Jentzer, a department of
justice agent, will be one of the chief
witnesses as a laborer to obtain evi
dence against the suspected German.
Karl Hennig, said to be a son of the
accused traitor, was interned in Ellis
island some time ago. Department
of justice agents however, ,are now in
vestigating to determine whether
Karl is actually Henning's son. Ho
worked In the same shop with Hen
nig and it is believed he may be a Ger
man agent who posed as Henning's
son in order to be able to be near him.
It is expected Hennig's trial will be
set for some time between January 7
and January 18 before Federal Judge
Harland B. Howe, of Vermont.
On September 26, it was learned to
night, Federal authorities took 90 em
ployes from tho Bliss company into
custody. All were sent to Ellis Island,
but all except Karl Hennig were later
released on bond.
Suspicious documents were said to
have been found on Hennig, and a
model of a torpedo was discovered in
the basement of his home.
Germans Will Treat Cap
tured Sammies As 'Men
Of No Intelligence.'
With the American Armies In
Franco, Bee. J9. Fresh proof of tho
bent of the German mind toward war
atrocities against Americans csme to
day. Reliable information received In
the American zono was that Germany
Intends to treat prospective American
prisoners as "men of no Intelligence"
and persons not entitled "to tho or
dinary courtesies accorded prisoners
Presumably, it is the Intention to
employ American war prisoners In low
forms of labor, and to treat them In
the same horrible fashion that Ger
many has always treated her Russian
prisoners. The condition of Russians
in German war camps has been so
wretched as to arouse even neutral
nations to protest. They are held on
about the same level as beasts and
compelled to live In surroundings
which even self-respecting; animals
Villa Bandits Active
El Paso, Tex., Deo. 29. Looting of
several small Mexican hamlets, north
west of Chihusiya City today and at
tacks on Mormon settlements In the
same vicinity by Villa bandits were
reported by Mormons arriving tonight.
They declared the bandits carried off
a, number of younr Mexican girls.
Army Called Before There
Were Sufficient Ships or
PLANTS CAN'T GET
Wooden and Steel Ships Pro
grams Threatened Evi
dences of Profiteering
Washington, Dec. 29. Lack of
foresight caused the United States to
enter the war backwards, in the opin
ion of congressional leaders, aftor two
weeks of senate investigations into
Summed up they show:
"The army was called out before
ships were ready to take it to Europe
or adequate supplies were available
for training here.
"Coal and sugar are lacking in many
communities and transportation facil
ities are such that raw materials can
not reach manufacturing plants fast
enougn to meet demands."
The military committee has devel
oped an astonishing situation in many
training camps. The lack of cloth
ing, arms and munitions being frank
ly admitted, and in some cases de
nounced by camp commanders testi
fying on the stand. .
The probers developed that delay
in purchasing wool cost heavily and
resulted in production of uniforms
and overconts being months behind.
Evidence of profiteering under the
eyes of the national council of defense !
and usurpation of the quartermaster j
general's powers by the council was
And while these conditions were be
ing revealed the senate commerce
committee, learned. ,4tiat ike. Kocjeni
by insufficient lumber supply and the j
steel ship program threatened by
lack of housing for thousands of!
workmen. At the same time testi-;
mony showed rapid progress in con-:
struction of fabricated steel ships, r"-I
pair of enemy interned vessels and a'
substantial tonnage netted by requi
sitioning all vessels under construction,'
in American yards, giving promise !
that America will meet allied shipping
demands. . ,
In investigating the coal famine,
senatorial probers found a general in
clination of witnesses to blame the
rail roads. The sole hope of improve
ment lies in government control of
(ContlniiPd on Pace 2
Forty Below In Adirondacks
36 At Duluth, and Just
few Degrees Above In
New York, Dec. 29. With temper
atures ranging from' 40 degrees be
low zero In the Adirondacks, 28 below
in St. Paul and 36 below in Duluth to
zero or slightly above in other sec
tions, the greater part of the country
was tonight in the grip of the most
severe weather of the year. In New
York and other ctiies in the east the
coal shortage is acute. There was
suffering among the poor-and many
apartment houses and business build
ings were barely being kept warm.
At Atlanta, Ga., a drop from 20
above zero to ten or five above by
Monday wns the forecast today. The
coal situation is critical. A survey
made by the chamber of commerce
shows that there is not more than
1,000 tons of coal in the city not
enough to last over Monday.
Tho entire stat& of Kansas is in the
grip of the cold wavo. Tho coal sup
ply is short In many sections.
Train and trolley service was de
moralized. All trains were hours lsto.
In northern New York trains had dif
ficulty keeping up steam, owing to the
intense cold. In Detroit, with tho
temperature near zero, fuel officials
were considering closing the schools
and churches owing to a shortage of
The temperature dropped to one
below zerb in NewYork early tonight
after a day of near zero weather. A
minimum of five below was forecast.
Reports gathered by the United
Tress show that tho cold takes in a
zone from the Atlantic almost to Den
ver and stretches as far south as
Temperatures as reported from
various cities follow:
Tupper Lake, N. Y.,' 40 below; Utiea,
N. Y 22 below: St. Paul, 28 helow;
Duluth, SS below; Sioux City, 18 be
low; LaCrosse, 16 below; Oklahoma
city, two above; Detroit, five above;
Cleveland, four above; Cincinnati, five
below; Springfield, 111., eight below;
Dallas, Tex., 11 above; Chlcavo,
zero; Bismarck, N. D., 8$ below;
Pittsburgh, three above; Philadelphia,
five Rbove; Boston, four above; Kan
sas City, nine below; St, Joseph, Mo.,
12 below; Omaha, Neb,, 20 below.
Federal Ownership Of Rail
roads After War Regard
ed as Certain By Execu
tives and Labor Leaders
Washington, Dec, 29. The United
States government is in the railroad
business to stay, according to convic
tion voiced tonight by railroad execu
tives, labor leaders and administra
The second day of Director-General
McAdoo's administration of the roads
has convinced their executives that
he plans to create an organization,
the financial construction of which
will prevent the roads ever returning
- . "
This conviction dominated railroad
and congressional circles today as
McAdoo began his gigantic task of
wresting war freight from congested
The railroad presidents' belief that
eventual government ownership is
certain was seen first in the announce
ment that they have refused the de
mands of the brotherhoods for wage
increases, passing this problem up to
Later in an interview with the
United Press, one of the highest rail
road authorities in the country ad
mitted that the linen will never re
turn to private operation again. This
authority expressed the rail execu
tives' view as -follows:
That McAdoo's financing plan
through a government corDoration to
buy. and aell VnowUl i&SZ3Z sling on eU
?BnMT ,7. pan JJever b? ('';" truik line railroads in eastern te'rri-
tangied so as to permit resumption 'of rtorfcs."" -- '
private railroad operation. I- t m,u. Tumi.ni n..ni.i, "
That government ownership is Pres, a, ' K P'",,,,,
wanted by the stockholders a will Erfei
operates -the. 'systems with politicians
an eventuality the executives expect.
That in paying the employes higher
wages the government will face a de
ficit at the end of the fiscal year.
That the railrnad chiefs feel some
what humiliated by McAdoo's plan
for sv!ng control. :
The United Press informant, who
made no effort to conceal his chagrin
at the purposes of the government,
"The roads will never be unscram
bled again after the war. Not a single
person with any comprehension of
the true situation expects that the
government will turn back the linos
t ,11.11 iiiuiii-i inai uiiriuii L. tiov-
ernment ownership is not a disaster.
It will only be a disaster if politicians
are put in the stead of practical rail
"The stockholders want government
ownership. They think only of divi
dends. Under the present arrange
ment their securities are practically
guaranteed. What'3 the difference to
That the railroad heads have given
(Continued on Paee 2)
PROPOSALS FPiOM RUSSIA
Can Not Be Accepted As
Coming From Recog
Washington, Dec. 29. Russia will
find it impossible to place officially
before tho United States any peace
The state department said tonight
it could not accept such formally, and
that while Ambassador Francis might
forward them "fop the department's
information," they could not be ac
cepted as coming from a recognized
Still another source of transmission
for Russia or for Germany if she seeks
to put her terms before tho entente,
would be the neutrals caring for Ger
It is felt here, however, that Ger
many is trying to have Russia present
tho Brest-Litovsk proposals to tho
allies and the United States in the
hope that they will "catch on."
However, there exists here no spirit
of acceptance. The United States and
the allies have set their terms as
elimination of the German autocratic
power to inflict militarism on an un
offending world. While a formal pre
sentation of Germany's terms to the
entente would undoubtedly have to
have "consideration," officials here
said tonight again that this would not
mean "favorable consideration."
The state department declared posi
tively today that thus far it has not
had terms either Russian or German,
except the cabled Swedish press ver
sions of the Russian terms.
One effect of the Brest-Litovsk con
ference alrcndy manifest Is tho in
ternational dissension in Germany.
The pan-Germanists are clamoring
Against, the "no annexations, no in
demnities" formula, while In othei
groups the session has caused a deep
er consideration of a general peace
than anything to date.
Railroads to Be Operated as One National Sys
Speed and Efficiency
Promoted To Maintain Existing Schedules
FIRS T APPOINTMENTS
W. D. Hines Named Assistant to Director-General and
A. II. Smith Put In Charge Lines East Of Chicago-
McAdoo's Plans Expected to Relieve Congestion-4
Local Passenger Service
Washington, Dec. 29. The immedi
ate pooling of all railroad equipment
was tonight ordered by the director
?enerul OI railroads, Mlliam U. Mc-
In formal notification to all rail
roads, he also directed that all sys
tems "shall be operated os one nation
al system of transportation."
At the same time he announced his
first appointment to his temporary
administrative staff. Walker D. Hines,
of New York, was appointed assistant
pro tempore to the director general.
Alfred H. Smith, of New York, was
appointed assistant pro tempore to the
director, general in charge of trans
portation in the trunk line east of
Chicago and north of the Ohio and tho
Immediate steps to poor docks, car
floats, lighters "and other facilities
for distributing traffic in New York
harbor including marketing facilities
now controlled by individual rail'
roads" also was ordered.
The Interstate Commerce : eommls.
sion was requested to make an lnves-
Valley railroads likewise were in
structed to make an Immediate study
of terminal facilities on the New Jer
sey water front at the port of New
A report recommending necessary
readjustments of passenger and
freight schedules to relieve congestion
at these terminals was ordered as
quickly as possible. .
McAdoo's order directed establish
ment of through routes where neces
sary. Railroads were directed to ig
nore shippers' desires as to routes
where speed and transportation would
i,"D. """" 1 "" . aii iramc agreements
een carriers which miirht inter.
fere with expeditious movements of
freight were ordered abrogated.
The order follows:
"All officers, agents, and employes
of such transportation systems - may
continue in the performance of their
regular duties, reporting to the same
officers as heretofore and on the same
terms of employment.
"Any officer, agent, or employe de
siring to retire from his employment
shall give the usual and seasonable
notice to the proper officer to the
end that there may ho no interrup
tion or impairment of the transporta
tion service required for the success
ful conduct of the war and the needs
of general commerce.
"All transportation systems shall be
operated as a national system of
transportation and tho common and
national needs being in all instances
held paramount to any actual or sup
posed corporate advantage.
"All terminals, ports, locomotives,
rolling stock and other transportation
facilities are to be fully utilized to
carry out this purpose without regard
"The designation of routes by ship
pers is to be disregarded when speed
and efficiency of transportation ser
vice may thus be promoted.
"Traffic agreements between car
riers must not be permitted to inter
fere with expeditious movements.
"Through routes which have not
heretoforo been established because of
short hauling or other causes are to
be established and used whenever ex
pedition and efficiency of traffic will
thereby be promoted, and if diffi
culty is experienced in such thorough
routing, notice thereof shall he by
carriers or shippers or both be given
at once to the director by wire.
"Existing schedules on rntes and
outstanding orders of the Interstate
Commerce commission are to be ob
served, but any such schedules or rates
or orders as may hereafter be found
to conflict with the purposes of snid
proclamation (the president's procla
mation assuming control of the roads)
or with this order shall be brought
immediately by wire to the attention
of the director."
In addition to the general pooling
order, McAdoo emphasized that ail
terminal facilities in tho Chicago dis
trict are to be operated "ns a unit."
Him Named Assistant.
Walker Downer Hines. appointed
Director McAdoo's assistant tonight,
is a New York attorney with a record
as counsel for the. Louisville and
Nashville from 19K3 to 1901, and for
tho Pnnta Fe since 1906. Ho Is Bt
present chairman of the Santa Fe's
executive committee, nn office ho has
held since 1908 in addition to his
legnl dutfcs for this system.
Hines is an authority on govern
mental and railroad problems, espe
cially those connected with govern
ment regulation of rnilronds.
H-3 was born In Russellville, Ky.,
February 2, 1870, and was married to
Alice Clrmor MacFarlane In 1900.
to Be Fullu Utilized-
of Transportation to Bel
Will Be Cut
He Is a member of t.'sc: washingtonJ
iiu -lew iuir uity uiuus.
Smith President of N. Y. Central Lineal
jinrea n. fsmun, McAdoo s assists
ant in direct charge of transportation J
is president of the New York Central
lines. . 1
Thrnup-h rmt Ta 1J
bored over his first steps in the great!
pruuiem neiore mm. xne war board
in flirthernnno nt thol. 1 . i.ll
ordered the operating committee ofl
vice presidents stationed at Pittsburgh
n tuuie io wasmngton ana establish
headquarters, ' 1
Operating rians Forecasted. I
McAdoo's operating plans as far as
they could be reliably forecasted to3
night follow: 1
TO Pool S. A. T, nml r T. : 1
Single track lines through the samel
territory will bo onerated m ona
double track line. For example, theJ
Atlantic Coast line and the Seaboard
A i - llriA- .411 V. , j j A
in. c ,i, uo UIMJIBU. THSt n.H tnwv
were during the height of the Spanish-J
American war troop movements. - I
Empty freight cars will go down!
loaded. This will be the rule:: toA
mruugn ireignt. Local trains wile
handle Inter-territory traffic along
each line ns at nrnt . tl
A somewhat similar system will bel
lonowea wun passenger traffic. At
Various times nf ennp-ncMnw hl l
trunk lines between the same points
win ue oiviaea wun respect to freight,
and nassenirer sprvl wn An- :
ry freieht almost eveiuef,itr KAtWAA
mi uusu points; tne otner mostly pas-j
Cllt. T:nnn! Pncannmn, Clv
- ..,v.a uil llLV, , .
A drastic cut will be made in lnter-1
uroan ana local nrmmmndaii'ii v,,-.
..... .UULb V U .
isenRer service. It was just here that
admit its fnilnrp. Tho v,.ru..a
controls could not legally and would
nut. wuimgiy jeopardize their corpor
ate interests hv tttfrinfnc v,t-
....... a n,f,u iicifiiil.
! revenues. But bv the pnvemnt
taking control, it guaranteed the line
carryine emnties the nnrmai .i
come and takes from the other line
me surmus ivvptinM -M,in -
the more efhcipnt nnd ti,,l-4
" " increasea freight.
ine eneet on industries along the
-...iw, nvtii uicoa cuiueni
plated revolutionary changes in ship-
VitllllllN n 1 Yl.'tOO rv A
wiiumuiis, is neing caretuily con
sidered before a final move is made.
J.Ve not USR meat as a meth-
ou, saia a nign oilicial to the United
jnat non-essential industries will
necessarily be slashed in the readjust
ments is not conceded by administra-
" nuiwyy experts.
Will Increase Carrying Capacity. '.
"Government rnntmi io . - j
- filing iu in
crease tho carrying capacity of the
lines enormously," said one official.
This may permit during the war
many so-called unnecessary industries
wiiii-ii nuuiu nave oeen rorced out un
der private railroad management,"
It Was admittpH. hnnrauAi. !,,.
the almost inevitable Increase in war
u eifc-ni tending to offset this increased
efficiency, it mnv ho nppn...
.... ..uaui j 1U1
government control to udopt an ex-
lemien. priority list and let non-war
. , , , 1 I UU1UU-
I'lUUUVlS L1LKB T.nP r ennnioa i A 11
The sweeping pool order with first
appointments In th no,,. ,n j - j
minlstration marked the first entering
wic suviTimieni into actual opera
tion of the rn.nl-i TWooH,, u j ,
ments, need for which through the
6"""""' operation, were at once
set in mntbin Kii.,A,.a .
still further changes in the near fu-
!i ""l,on or oraering operation of
v-iittiaKU itrriMirv kvui cma Ba i
mm muricu surveys or Condi-
----- ' 1 luin jnai-
cated. the first aim n.tll K
nulla ul II n rininr nr r, v l . , . . , .
, ' . , , 1- iu ciear
. .1 o ,tt,ray existing, congestion
ot mo oKituuara ana open the middle
Three Cornered Problem.
Washington, Dec. 29. The DlHn
vi. i,in,i ions oi allied ship
ments along the Atlantic Seaboard re
suited tonic ht In a ihi-o .,'
----- bu.uDiQU IU.U-
road-shin-coal nrnli vm tiHh
and international possibilities of the
Rumors that the French government
as a result of this congestion, lack of
"""" Biiormge or coal, had can
celled large American mnnlMnn
tracts were without official confirma
tion. However, the possibility that an
nuiuio emuargo wouia be placed e
further shipments for export until th
congestion is relieved was official
admitted. Various hurried confer
ences were held today between th
president, representives of the Frencs
government, Chairman Hurley, ,of thi
shipping board Director-General lie
Adoo, of the railroads, Fuel Admlil!t
(Continued on Pag I)