Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.) /
June 26, 1840, edition 1 /
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jr ' ' ' ' ' LIFE ISMONLV TO BE VALUED AS IT 13 USEFULLY EMPIXDYED. ' : . '-l 'SV
T ' ASIIEVILLE, JJORTII CAROLINA, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 26ri8i0, . TM 0 -0'
n"? rrt-- an nu in. in adYance, or
H Wld r t1 J " '
STfa ft72 !d Twenty.lirc CnU for
I nmmunicuu" i r-
I U the earlV prt of the' revolutionary
I b' lereeant and twelve armed men un
tu 1 r . ... .k,i.Ti th wililcrnesa
tha State of New , -Hampshire. Their
M w tonote-ironr any aettlcmenta,
,i rt.iv were under the necessity of en
.nplngovcr night hi tho woods. In the
rfy part of our struggle fof indopcndonce,
, lodiana were numerous and did not
,nd idle -spectators to a 'conflict carriod
with ao much seal and ardor by tho
lite. Some trihes were frfrndly to our
use while many UXn our border took
rt with tho enemy; imd were very trou.
iwmc in their savage kind of wnrfare, as
ir countrymen ofa-n learned from flio wo
rexperkmeo of tlu:ir midnight doprcda.
The lender of the above mentioned
krtv was well acquainted with different
lilies: and from much intercourse- wiw
Un nmvioiu to tlie war, was not Ignorant
jrtlte id'hMn, Jiyiognomy,awl, dnss of
hchi andt iltq comuuujcemeni oi nciui
U was informed for which parry they had
luA hatchet'"' ''---;''";
I Nothing material hnppcncd tlio first day
l their excursion; but early in the after
Cxmof the second, they, from art emi.
Lnc. discovered a body of armed Indians
Jjvancing towards them, whoso number
l.iVx-r -jcccdcd tlMjir'own.' As soon as
iifl whites were perceived by their red
Irethrcn. tlic latter made signats, and the
mo parties approached each other in an
imicablo manner. The Indians appeared
be much gratified with meeting the ser
Wirt and his men, whom tney observed
lev considered as their 'protectors; said
Jwy belonged (o a tribe which had raised
lie hatchet witlizeal in the cause ot uocrry,
nd were dctcrniined to do all in their power
imure tlie common enemy, iney shook
lands in friendship, and it was, " how d-c
k, pro, how dyo tfo, prtrj that oemg their
'ronounciation of the word brother. V lien
hey bad conversed with each : other for
EUme and exchanged mutual good
s they at length separated, and each
travelled in different directions. Af-
1 " m
r proceeding to the distance of a mile or
hore, tlie sergeant halted his men and st
ressed them in the following words: My
i rave companions, we must use the utmost
aution, or this, night may bo our last
Should we not make some extraordinary
exertions to defend ourselves, to-morrow s
run mav find us tjloeninir never to wake.
You are surprised comrades, at my words;
find vouranxictv will not be lessened when
I inform you that we have just passed our
inost inveterate foe, who under the mask
f pretended friendship you have witnessed,
would lull us I into security, and by such
1 11 . M
Kans, in ine unguaraca moments oi our
ttdiugbt slumber, without resistance, seal
The men with astonishment listened to
pis short harangue; and their surprise.
' Rirara, oa ihji airs ui mcin uvucuivr.
(tained the suspicion but they had just en
Jcountered friends. They all immediately
mial preservation and destntctidn of their
fnemics. By the'proposal of their leader,
iw luiiowuig pion was aooptea ana exe
I The spot selected for their nuzht'sen-
icampment was near a stream, of water
,wnica servea to jcover their rear, v , They
Kuca m large tree, befora which nn thn an.
oiKui a uruiiani nro wn urrmpji.
('-" muivmutu cut a log oi wood about
the size of hia bodV:
iUankct, placed his hat unon the ntmnltv
!-'ivi uu u wuire mo aref -taav the-enomy
.gin uo aocuiveu, ana mistake it for a
'man. After logs equal in number to the
'sergeant"-, party were thus fitted nut. and
f8o artnillv a mmnwl tlin. .k ! 1 -I
j - ; mcjr Uligiu easily
1" "'umca iot so many soimers, the men
jWith loaded muskets placed themselves be.
i0 the fidlen tree, by which time the
jades of tho evening began to close around.
jThe fire was supplied with fuel, and kept
j uniuanuy unui iate in the evening,
(hen it was sufTered to decline,- The crU
",no now approaching, when an
r- ragiH oe expected from the Indians;
joot the serffeant''a nun ntnA in
im o ujvii uioijva
f01 "poeahnent with great anxiety till near
""o'f wiuiom perceiving any move.
! of the enemy, v .? T. ' ;
At lefisth a full Tn;.. j
ittrongh the glimmering of the fire; (which
V "Pw,8eUin8 w) -cautiously moving
tr ". manng no noise, and appa-
-s e-ery meana in his power to
himself from any one about the
rmP- V For a time, his actions showed him
i ac susDwifHM - .,.t -v. i
I " guoiu UUglll IKS BMU
fl to watch any unusual appearance,
j T'd give the alarm in ease of dan.
'art "iatinctIy aeea to move his finger
fjw ne numbered each fog of wood, or what
"iPP08 to be a human being quietly
ITOng repose. To satisfy himself more
I 7i i as to the number, he counted them;
"ccond time, and cautiously retired.
lie was succeeded by another Indian, who
wentthrough the same movements and
retired in tho saino mannor.' Sooon after
tho whole party, lUtce In number, were
discovered, cautiously approaching, ana
frecdily eyeing their su)poacd victims,
'he feelings of the Scrgtmnt men can bet
ter bo imagined than described, when they
saw the base and cruol purpose! of their
enemies, who were now to near that tliey
could acdlceiy b8restrained from firing
upon. them. Tlie flan, however, of tha
seargnnt was to have his men remain silent
in tlu ir places of concealment till tlie muf
kots of tlie savogi'S were discharged, that
their own fire might be mora tllktuul and
opposition teas) formidable.
T"liI imnTiu au nit of lonir duration.
The, Indiana, in Ja bodrr cautiously anTniMiilulioris, wtiuso builder
proaclied, till within a snort diatancn, tney
then, halted, took deliberate aimf discharg.
ed their pieces upon inanimate logs, gave
the dreadful war-whoop, ana instantly rush,
ed forward with tomahawk and sculping,
knifo in hand, to despatch tha Jiving and
obtain tlie scalps of tlie dead. Al noon
they had collected in close order, more ef.
iuctually to execute these horrid Intentions,
the party of tho'seriroant, with unerring
aim, discharged their picccst not on logs of
wood , but on perfidious savages, not one
of wltom escaped destruction by the snare
into which their, cowardly and blood-thirsty
(Impositions hutj, led them,
. (From tho Sunday School Journal. '-
' THE SIX VERSIONS. -'
"7 1 laving been hiueli ""interested In exam,
ihingya "g)oeimen of a Work "p'ropeedby
Mr. jjagster, of .London, in which the six
trincipal English version! of the Bible will
o presented in parallel columns. I thought
some of vour vounn readers at least .would
be "pleased to nave an opportunity of no
ticing the gradual change that has taken
place in our language in die last fivc.centu.
ries, and I tlierefore copy' four verses of
the epistle to thcrlebrews from each version.
w Wicsur's TEANSLATIOIf ,1380.
1 bi feith nee dredde thorny answerej ta
kun of these tliingis that yit weren not seen
and schapid a schip in to the helthe of his
house bi wiche he dampned the world and
is- ordeyned eire of richtwincsse . which is
bl feith..' -iXC.-e: - v '
, bi feith, ho tliat is clepid abraham: oheid
to go out into a place whiche he shouldo
take into eritage, and ha, wente out: not
witynge whidirheschould go. bj feith he
dwelte in the lond of bihecst: as in' an alien
ond: dwellynge in Ktil housis With Isaac
and Jacob even eins of the same biheest
for lie abode thexiU havjrnge founaemen.
us, whose cratuman and maker is god.
' ? TnrDAtE, 1534. ' w '
i By fiiyth Noe . honored God, after that
he was warned ortlungs which were non
seoe, and prepared the arcke to the savinge
of hisT houschoulde, ' thorowe the which
arckei he condempned theworlde, and be
came ' hcyre of the risrhtwesncs which
commeth by favth.
By fayth Abraham, when he was called
obeyed, to goo out into a place which" he
should afterwards receivefto' inhcritauncc,
and he went out not knowynge whether he
he should goo. By fayth he removed into
the londe that promised him, as into
straunire count re, and dwelt in tabernacles :
and so did Isaac, and Jacob, heyres with
him of the same promes. ; For , he looked
for a citie having a foundacion whose buyl
der and maker is God. '
:. ' -'Cbanmek 1539.
By fayth Noe beyngo warned , of God,
cschucd the tilings whych were as yet not
sene, and prepared the arcke to the savynge
of his householde tho row the which' arcke,
he codempned the world, ana became
heyre of the rightcwesncs which is accor.
ding to fayth.- By fayth Abraham,; when
ho was called obeyed, to go out iiiito a
place, whych he should afterward receaue
to inhcritauncc ; "ajkT he went out, not
knowing wnethcrKe sliould go. By faith
he remeued into the land of- promise, as
into a straungc countrej when ho "had
dwelt u tabernacles : and so dyd ; Isaac
and Jacob" heyres with him of the same
promes. For be looked for a cytie hauing
faundacion .whose builder and maker isGbd.
- By faith Nee being warned of God,' of
me jiungs wnica were as jci noiseca, mo
ved with revenrence prepared the arcke to
the saving of his household:" thrduh the
which arcke, he condemned the world, and
Was made hevre of the nghteousncas which
cometh bv iaith. ' '- ''
j By faith Abraham when , he was called
obeyed God to go out into a place," which
he should afterward receave , for inhcry;
taace : and he went out, not knowing
whether be should go. . By faith he abode
in the lande. that was promised him . as in
a "stranjre count re, as one that dwqlt in tab
ernacles and with Isaac and Jacob heyres
with him of the same pro mis ; rot he
looked for a citie having a foundation,
whose buyl'lcr and maker is God. - , - ,
. "' , Rbecks, 1582.
By faith Noe having received an answer
concerning those things which as yet were
not seen, fearing; framed.lhe arke for the
saving of his house, bytho which ho con
demned the world : and was instituted heire
of the justice which is by faith.
By faith, ho that is called Abraham,
obeied" to goe forth mtoThe place which' he
was to receive for inheritance i and he
went forth,,not knowing "whether he went
By faith he abode in the land of promise , as
in a strange land, dwelling in cotages with
Isaac and Jacob the co-he ires of the same
promise.- For he expected tho citie that
hath foundatluna i whose artificer and
krisOod. ' - - -
v Kino JlxU. 1811. - -
By fuith Noah being warned of God of
things not sec no at yet, moved with four,
prewred an trke to the saving of his house.
by-the hlcli no condemned the woiro ana
bwarne heir of the righteousness which
u by fuith, vi-- .
Jiy foiUi Abraham When ho was calied to
gue out into place which ha wiould alter
reoetvo tor an Inlwrttance, oneyea, ana no
went out not knowimr wlether ho went i
U v faith hoo soiournedHA tho land of
promise. n In a atrnnua country, dwelling
In taln'rwacloa with Jsaao and Jacobj tlie
heirs with Win of Uiennme promise, w
For he looked for a citle whtcn .naui
God. T v y- :
fTItls last la -tnir prcseiA version, ' but
there haa been aoine change in ortliogra
phy slnoe It waa first printed,! I add in the
same order two well known verses t from
thn annul nnltitlo. and as the VarletV of ex
proailon may sorvo to show tlie fullness of
the original meaning. J .-- ; v
But fuith is the subtance of tliingis that
hen to bo honld. and an ariniment of
tliiilgUnorftimryng, and irrihis faith cold
men ban cetun wltnessinita.
Fa th is Uio sure contidcnco of thynges
which are hoped for, and a ccrtayntio of
thvnires wbveh are not sene. . or , by it
Uio ewers outavneu a irooa repute.
; Foytb Is that , which causoth those
thincs to apnearindced which are hoped for
and showcth evedehtly thoTTlurigeis" "which
arenot senc."T- Forby- it-our eldeprirere
wcl reported of. , "
And fayth is tho substance of things to
bo hoped for, tlie argument of things not
appearing, ror in this the old men od.
taincd testimonio. ' ; - -. - s
Now faith is tlie substance of tilings ho
ped for, the evidence' -of Jthings hot seen.
For hy4t tlio Elders obtaned a good report
'Xtn. Rsv.;J. W. Fletcheb. IBs cou
rase and intrepidity were remarkable-
There ia an anecdote related bv his biogra
phers on tliis subject i so striking, that t
cannot resist the temptation of presenting
it to your i readers. Mrv.f letcher .Jiaa
erv profliirate nephew, a military man
who had been dismissed from tlie Sardin
ian service for base and ungentlemanly
conduct. "He had engaged in two or three
duels, and dissipated his resources in a ca
reer of vice and extravagance. This des
perate youth waited one day on his eldest
uncle, General do Gons, and presented a
loaded nistol. threatened to shoot him un
less he would. immediately advance him
five hundred crowns.. The General, tho
a brave man, well knew what, a desperado-
he had to deal wim, and gave a draft for the
money, mi the same time expostulating free
ly with him on his conduct " ..The young
man rode off triumphantly with his Ul-goU
ten acnuiaition. In the evening, passins
the door of his vounjrer uncle; Mr. Fletch
er, be determined to call on him, and began
with informing him what General de Gons
had done, and jas a proof, exhibited the
draft under de Gon's , own hand. - Mr.
Fletcher took the draft from his nepliew,
and looked at it with astonishment Then
after somex remarks," putting it into his
nnrltot. 'said. Vlt strikes me vounz man.
that you have .possessed yourself of this
note by some mdirect method; and in hon
esty I cannot return it, but with my bro
ther's knowledge! and approbation.''' .The
nephew's pistol 'was immediately at his
breast "My life", replied Mr. Fletcher,
with perfect calmness, "is secure in the
protection of Almighty power; nof wjll he
suffer it to be the forfeit of my integrity and
of your rashness. . . 'i '--"f "
This firmness drew from tho nephew the
observation, that WajuncleDe Gons,'
thouch an old soldier , was more afraid of
death than his brother1. - ' Afraid of death!"
reioined Mr. Fletcher; "do you think I
have been twenty-five years minister of the
Lord of life, to be afraid of death now! No,
sir. it is for you to fear death. You are a
gamester and a cheat, yet you call yourself
gentleman? - x ou are the seducer oi'e-
maio innocence, ana suu you say you
i i . - .
this you .style vourseu" ajrnan 6f honor!
"Ta n r nnnAPi
Look there, sir: the b- nn eye of heaven
is fixed upon us. Tremble in the presence
of your Maker j who can in a moment kill
your body, and forever pnnish your sdul in
hell. The unhappy man turned pale, and
trembled alternately with fear and rage,
lie still threatened his uncle with instant
death.-; Fletcher, though thus menaced,
gave no alarm, sought for no weapon, and
attempted not to escape. He calmly con
versed with his profligate relation; and, at
length perceiving him to be affected, ad
dressed him in language truly paternal, till
he had fairly disarmed him. He would not
return his brother's draftj but engaged to
procure for the young man some immediate
relief. He then prayed with him, and after
fulfilling his promise of assistance, parted
with him,' with much good advice; on one
side, and many fair promises on, the other.
- The power of courage, founded on piety
and principle, together with its influence in
overcoming the wildest and most desperate
profligacy, were never more, finely illustra
ted. It deserves to be put into the hands of
every self-styled man of honor,." to show
dares not tin j to the boasted prowess of a
mere man' of the world. How utterly' con;
temptible, the desparation of a duellist ap
pears, when contrasted with the' noble in-
F I.. -j - - t.-.i-- u: .1
EXTItACT . . . .
From d ipecch ijf Mr. Ccshiso, of&iataa.
ch use tit, on the tnotum made by him Ic
strike put me enacting clause of the Inde
pendent Treasury Bill, JUiiySO, 1840.
For the security' of tlie puhlio money in
the hands ol its agents under this bill, the
Administration proposes to rely (in addition
to tho Integrity of the officers) upon, 1st
bonds; 2nd. inspections; 3rd penal pro
visions, - -
Everv tliiukins man must admit tliat it
will bo impossible to secure the public trea
sure by tlx) uretyship bonds wliich the bill
calls for. ludiviouabi cannot igive adetmnte
bonds for tlie millions to pass through tlictr
hands or to remain in their custody Tlie
President ruwumcs lhat only fivo millions
will be on hand at any Umo, 1 stiait an,
prove thisjicrcaftcr but for argument's
sake I also assume this at present Taking
tho whole sum at five millions, a largo sum
will bo at New York ; for example pan the
receiver general ar rewOCork givo good
socurity for threes two, orevcaonamilliti
of dollars? We know he. cannot T!,- ro
are few nicn in tlie country of fr nt
wcalui. to. render. their mnid p .1 to tliat
amount; of such men tlicre is irobably not
one who would be willing to become secu.
rity for a receiver general. Ave know how
the tiling must and will bo done.' Tho re
ceiver general will obtain tho signatures
of as many friends as he can, each to be
responsible to a certain amount, nd u
thowlneinal becomes a dcfaultcrrthe rraro'
convey their property from the Ijovejiv
mcnt. and thus to escape. Or perlinps,
they will come here and pray for an act of
Congress for their rchel; as tlio sureties ot
owartwout haver done, tins very session.
So that, on the whole, the suretyship must
be conceded on all hands to be but very nn,
perfect at best as a means of protecting the
Next, the bill provides fbrlheipervis.
ion of the depositories by thoTrcasiiry Do.
partment . But it is obviously impossible
for the Government to have conusance if
the conduct and personal habits of numer
ous agents scattered all over the Union.
The ingenuity of fraud, will outstrip tlio vi
gilance of the Government . Special or
itinerating agents may be sentrwit3lout no
tice, to inspect the depositories; but how
easy itlsby the artful arrangement of ac
counts to deceive such inspectors!
But whatever security tho Government
mav have, by these or any other means
with individual depositories, it has identi
cally the, same in tlio case of banks, and
something' more. Personal integrity is a
thing not peculiar to Government ollicers
on the one hand, nor to bank officers on
the other; nor is the want of it peculiar to
either. - In each case the individuals trust
ed are men, and subject to the infirmities
of the human condition, and alike capable
of tho breach of trust and of crime. In
each case the person offending may be ar
rested and punished for his criminal acts.
In the case of bank . officers, as of tho offi
cers created by this bill, bonds are taken to
make good any defalcation of Which they
may be guilty.- t o one, as to the other, a
system of supervision by public agdots, is
applicable. But while in all these particu
lars the two cases are perfixtly parallel, or
at any rate, there is no advantage in favor
of special Government depositories, it is
obvious to see that other and great advanta
ges, on tlie score of safety, remain altoge
ther peculiar to banks, as they have been
constituted hitherto, under charters, either
from the States or from Congress. 'For,
in addition to all tlie security which is com
mon to the two modes of deposite, a special
or a bank depository, the depositor in bank
has the ample and complete security, of
the capital ttockoj the bank; the Govern
ment has the inspection of tho directors and
stockholders, in addition to its own; and,
above all. .the bank cannot abscond. Its
officers may abscond, but its capital stock
remains fixed by its charter . in the" State
which establishes it Your Swartwouts
may, on tlie approaching discovery of their
i .--,,.-, -v-c Mun- . K - ani, hv
I - i .
New York , or the Massachusetts Bank.
Upon the whole reason of the thing,
therefore , I hold it to be clearly shown that
bank depositories are,m their nature, safer
Kn m tn.l i wli .1 n front a n a ift.T"valf firlpw fitnA
UHU IIIUiflUWM ,
the unbiassed ana spontaneous action of in-'
dividual- in the management ot their own
private affairs, where no party influences
intervene, or, if they do, are r overcome by
the consideration' of pnvate interest , con
firms the conclusions; for who, that is in
the 'way to have large sums of money on
hand, keeps it in his own safe Or vault, or
in the custodjof his" clerk or-other agent?
No man does this willingly. - Every body
sees; that, if he is known to have Jarge
sums of money in his hou!se and in his own
. a ... .1 J , ' ; 1 t
custody, naoituauy, no exposes aimscu w
Krobbcry or theft;, and that, whatever confi-
ence he may place in the integrity of a
clerk or cash-keeper of his own, money de
posited in bank is much more securely dis
posed ot And he acts accordingly.
And the history of the Treasury, of the
United States furnishes a great body of
facts to the same point; Ina Treasury re
port wliidi.I have befurespoktn.of, . Mn
Woodbury elaborately argues, and concju-
sively provesirom tlie expeneiwe of Jthe
Government, tli superior safety -of bank
depositories over all others. '. Nay, in that
document be covers the whole question;
venient, and economical Asa specimen
of the spirit and reasoning of diat document,
I give the following extracts: ?
. "It is a singular fact, in praise of Out
description of public debtors, tlie selected
BANKS, that there is not now due on depos
itees, from thi- whole of them which nave
ever stopped payment, from the establish
ment of the Constitution to the present mo
ment, a turn much beyond what m now due
to the United States from one mercantile
firm that stopped payment in 1825 or 1820,
and of whom which ample ' security was
roquiieu, and supposed to bo taken, unuer
he - jrespoosibility ofan oath. ' If we in
cludo the whole present dues to tlie Gov
ernment from discredited banks, at all times
and of all kinds whctlie as depositories or
not,' and embrace even counterfeit bills,
and every other species of unavailable
funds in tho Treasury, they will not exceed
what is duo from two such firms.1
These circumstances, with tli? prefer
ence in case of failure belonging to dcposi.
loraranq noiuers oi mcir uuis over me
v . . it a. .t t HI . . .t.
stockholders, united With the security, if
t priority, given to the ixovcrnmeni, reru
dor them, in point of safety, generally
much superior to individual agents of the
United Statfs." V '
. It is gratifying to reflect that tho credit
given1 byie Gowrrunent,whctlicr to
bank paper or bank agents-, haa. been ac-
compamcd by smaller losses, in the expe.
notice under the system ol jatnto uanks m
this country atjheir wralriodand un.
der their severest calamities, than any oth
er kind of credit tho Government la ever
e-iven in relation to its Dccuniarv ttaiisac-
uoitw.- . i
c These paragraplis of Mr. Woodbury's
report contain statements of (acts which it
is impossible to contradict IN or have these
facts, so far as I know, ever since been
denied, notwithstanding the change in the
policy of the Administration. It Is true, a
Tmnsurv Document has come in this
Biod , which is calculated, on a nasty inspec
tion, to mislead this mind tnto -orrie con
clusions adverse to those of the Secretary's
old report: but which more carefully ex
amined, confirms it in all its parts. x Ex.
Doc. No. 10.1 , i ; ' ..
This document comprises a table of the
amount of loss to the Government in suc
cessive periods by the non-payment of cus
tom-house bonds; and this it is obvious has
notlinc to do with the Vtrescnt Question.
which is a question, not of debt, but of
breach of trust on the part of the agents -of
the Government - - - -
: Another table in the same document
gives the losses by Deposite Banks as
From 1789 to 181 incIum'Te, none anprarinsoa
tho booh 1813. '14, J4. .U6r-nonp; 1717, 77.
027; 1818; none left nnpwd; 1819, $36)66; 1820,
non left unpaid. For lttt 1. $37,JO-, '1, u.
398; 56,939; U, 8201,693; 25, $13044.
In 1826, none left anpaid; -27, 38, 9. '30, none;
1 83 1, f 17,520; 1832, '33; none; M34, 89,413;
1835 arid '36, none. Total from 1789 to 1836,
incliriv $894,722, JJ , . - ..
That is to say, the whole sum which the
Treasury has lost by deposite banks, from
the beginning of the Government to 1837,
is but about two-thirds of what has been
lost under this Administratioii-by a single
cojlcctor of the customs in New York.
Tlie same table undertakes to give an es
timate of the amount the Government lout,
chiefly during tho last war with Great
Britain, by tlie receipt of Bank paper; but
that question belongs to another branch of
the subject !;
-Hie same document contains a table of
the loss of the Government by disbursing
officers, and a table of loss by collecting
officers, in each case from 1789 to 1836,
inclusive, which present the following re
sults: . -
- Z . ... 1: Disbursing officers
Atrirmrate amount of loas in civil ' '
department, , - , - ,4 $89S,023 50
Azerorateamoanf oriaM in military1 -
Number of defaulter-, ciTil depart-
- mentor ,. -::'U
Number of defaulter., militarr and " "
Nar-l(-t- .i --: -.SWi.lfiL
Loas per head, civil department, ;
IoaS per head, military and naval
- -. 2. Collecting officers.
Ajromrate amoant of loao bv col-
lc.to.of the carton ... 81.198,979 91
Aggregate amoant of loMbyeoUM- -tnnaf
internal revenue and direct . '
tmxn -V - - ,- - 422265 76
AnreAte amount of loas by w "" . "
ec-,Tcr.oflc.ofUnv - 39704 14
, 82,03849 81
Number of dc&ultera in the castom
howe, - . -.-tN .- f 87,
Number of de&tdtera in the internal
revenue, &c . - '- m 243
N amber of defaultera in the public
buid receipta, - - . 27.
Loaa per head among Collector, of .-
theeu-tonia, . 8t3,781
Loaa pa head among collector, of
internal revenue, 6uc . . 1,820
Loaa per head among reccivera of
. public land, ( . ) . ' " 14,715-
Beit observed, that thcsetebles do not
include the larce defu'icatioi-irW'liich have
occurred or come tonight under the Ad-
bably be found "less responsible, safe con
ministration of Mr. Van Buren. And yet
here we have seven millions of loss by de
faulting government .agents, to contrast
with less- than .one million of loss in
same period by deposite banks; thosede-
luicayons occurring m ewrj uimu vi uw
pubUcervice, but beinffeapecially large
in tho dkburscmcnts of the army and navy.
And tliis document therefore, the latest on
the subject, completely substantiates the
statements made by Mr. Woodbury in his
former report, and confirms, in tho most
striking manner, the conclusions to which
1 had arrived by general argument, in
proving, by the actual experience of the
Government, the superior safety of banks
over individuals as tne fiscal agents of tho
Treasury." " . , 7
From the Winchoatrr Vitgrlnian.
THE MILITARY BILL
' This paper contains the report of the So
cretary of War, detailing the manner la '
which tlie A ministration wishes to organ
ize the militia of the United States. Some .
of our warm Administration friends object
to the title give to this report A bill to
raise and keep up a standing army of one' i
hundred thousand men. Tlie man who is
willing to givo to his mind fair play and to
judge foi ;himyilft will see that the report
1st ' That every free able bodied whito
male citizen of tlie United States between
the ages of 20 and 45 to be enrolled see
1st section of the bilk"
2d. That within three months from his
enrollment, he must arm himself at his own
expense ece 1st and 4th sect 3 ':- ? -
. ;i hat within . monina irom ine -
passage of the law, 100,000 men must bo
drafted for active service, from Virgina,
tlicre-must bo raised 6,000 men see 10th,
sect : X, -. 'N, . , -..::v-
4th. Tliat a reserve or 100,000 men moro
must be armed and prganized see 12th-
soct - ' v: ;.; '.i -J v,,.. -
5th. That this body of 200,000 men Is
to be kept ; up constantly by, draft from the
whole mass of the milmar see the lata
sect ; '; ' ,N
6th. That the Union is feo be laid off iiti
to ten military diatricts Dtieware, Mary,
land, the District of Columbia and Virgin
ia to be the 5th district see 14th sect
. 7th. That the President may call out
the whole body of this force of 100,000!
men twice a year, at such times and such
places wiuuu un uuaui
i !i .1. n .i:.t.
as he- choee
see 17th sect . '
8th. That whilst they are thus called
out, and whilst going to and returning from '
the placeof rendetvous, this army of 100 , -000
men is to be in the service of the Uni
ted States see same sect ''
9th. That whist thus in service they ;
are to be under . such regulations as the ,
President- may think proper to adopt see
same sect . -"'"
'. 10th. If a citizen fail to march when
ordered by the President, he is to bo fined
not less than half a months pay, nor more :
than three months pay, (not less than $5
nor more than $30)-eee 26th sect r
11th. That this fine is to be inflicted
by a . court martial see tlie samo section.
12th. Tliat unless the fines are paid, -die
citizen may be imprisoned by the
court martial for one month for every five
dollars of the fine without attcmpUng to
collect the fines by subjecting property
same sect, , , " ' '
fc 13th. That the court martial certifies
tlie fines to the Ignited States Marshal and
he collects' them by suaapmary proccM of
distress see SOth sect
-14th. ' That if thecitleen have no propL
crty, then he must suffer imprisonment
'unless the fine is baid same sect1 i r- -
Wetannot findoom o say more at;
present on this pject of the Adranlstra."
tion. ' Our readers .will now read and judge
for thmselvesVHhey will ace whether this
all hurnbugf And the Administmtibn
" ill hear the voice of the people on this
matter like the voice of seven thunders.
Who did it,-; We were tftcjk the other
day, by the pteh. commoil sense exhibited,
by a gentleman from the country "in i coa-tf
versation upon politic We remarkfed to
him thatw were rejoiced to hear tbaT ho
1 waa.na JongejLasiipp6rter ofjtlie present
ad mini stati on, and observed at the same
time, that he had andoubtedly good reason ,
fbr his change of opinion.
"My reason is a very plain one," said
he, "one that every man can understand. -Hooked
round me and found every thing
going wrong, and 1 asked . myself what
made it so, who made H so! and my rea
son told me that thcW who have power,
must have made it ' The Whigs have no
power they could not have brought about
this state of things the Van Buren men
have had alt the power and must have done
'-.Tliis rcasotf seemed to us a sound one. ;
Hi had como to thesame point that hel
would have done had ha waded through the
whole field of argument---fe-- Gat. .
The Tippecanoe Clubs of NeW Orleans
celebrated the victory of Fort Meigs on the
5th inst General Gaines attended, and
gave the following toast s ,: -, . -
.y i.-wEB-T.t.Ar-TS. -ipeneci union-
of principles such as animated the fathers
of the revolution principles such as mark
ed the character of George Washington
the firsT and only patrjk ofrrwricB, who
was indeed the' President of the United"
States, and -never-President o a partyV
Believing Wm. Henry Harrisonwill follow ,
in the footsteps of George Washington, I
desire that he may be the President of the
United Stater. V ' : .
IhcT . :
-v1 . i . .
Jf.r .... ::
Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
June 26, 1840, edition 1
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