- - -LIFE 13 ONLY TO BE VALUED AS IT 13 USEFULLY EMPLOYED. - ..; , ,;; .-.0 -. - . ' i--. V"' " - 1 . . i ir . ' 1 i - ., i 1 i i '.. . . . . . - l"- .'V. i iii VOLUME 1 - S? i. ii. CIIltlSTlf . i : A .vji-r. Umeml of the year. - ; AXuTfi t, nd Twcnty-Fivc CcuU for SS.uwcUoo. mml be port paid. ,AU MISCELLANEOUS.- PRAIRIE SKETCHES. ' Itls midnight, nd the moon dues not e till one.' , A han is, hud upon the shoulder of sleeper, who, stretched upon a buffalo robe, with a saddle ' beneath his u j .1 b blanket above him, is enjoying that dumber which is the attendant only of true ariness. , AiwrasnaKeor iwu uu Dame being called, the sleeper utters a jmuit expressive of dissatisfaction, and then exclaims, perhaps with a pause and start. - "Hollo ) , Who's that r : - . '-"Comc-gimrd Pis the reply. - rrr? ThnamuHcd sleenerf after a stretch, and b roll and perhaps a hearty oath, throws off Jiig blanket ana puns nis ruio irom hibuffaIo robe. Afier securing his arms ,and belting perhaps a thick blanket coat around him, he moves toward the expiring camplife, rhrn hfli-xnn lines his watch to see tliat he bas not been called Jtoo soon, or pel haps pulls a pipe from his pocket, which having duly filled and lighted, be places injus mouth, and then off he goes disappear, ing in the gloom to take his station out ide the camp. An instant or twoelapa. M.-and the relieved guard is heard whist, ling some merry dancing tune as he comes from duty, to amuse himself a few 'mo ments, throwing freshsticks on . the fire, perhaps emgingf'joke ' and a laugh with" some" messmate' who, has been a-a. keoed by tlio disturbance of changing guard, or perhaps he digs into the ash es Tor an ear of corn which hehad left there to roast when he "went out to guard, and now he plumps down - cross legged before the fire to enjoy a delicious mid. night lunch. Half of the hot ear is proba bly broken off and' thrown in" generous sportiveness at his waking messmate, who instantly seizes and devours the favor, ite morsel, throwing back in return,' per. haps, a pocket liquor flask, - by way of "acknowleding the corn.". This little af fair being a rranged,the return guard draws his solitary buffalo bed a little nearer to the fire aud disposes himself for the remain der of his night's slumber, talking facetious ly to an imaginary wife, telling her , to lay over and not nso both pillows, to give him more room, draw the curtain and behave yourself. Such are very apt to be his clos ing words as he drops to sleep, and in a few moments the camp is again wrapped in silence. V- -J " ' ' - ' ' Now let us pay a visit to the guard whom we have just desptched on duty. There he stands in the dark,leaningupon his rifle in ut ter silence"; by die siile of the farthest-mule staked outside, of the camp. What can the eye distinguish in the darkness? Know ing the wagons arc there, you can discover their white tops, but otherwise you might fancy the faint light came from some clear inR away of the clouds in that direction - In addition to this, you . recognise? a man's -orraaml alV-w of the nearest horses - and .mules, a else is blacfcT'WlMTs-hcard ! The mules munching the grass t ; If it fa . near f water course, the ripple or rush of the wave ; if buffalo are near', you hear their tow bellowing, likei ,'distant ocean r surge, or like wind f mourning through hollow caverns i perhaps an opposite senti nel wlustles or sings a merry air, but this aright serve to gnide an enemy and is not often indulged in ; .these sounds you may heai ; but at times death itself is not more solemn or more still. , . - - H."sh ! Observe ! The mule beside the acmincl Tifts its head from the grass, gives a short blow with its nostrils, pricks back rts ears and stares before it into darkness. Mark the sentinel ! The instant h oh. served the action of the mule ho crouched npon the ground and cocked his rifle, and now observe with what intrnt"wn,.kf..lxm he peers into the pitchy depth in search of ""-ngCT-suaaeniy a footstep is beard "ap- viwiung, ana instantly the stillness is bro ken by the quick . challenge of thef acnti- JJJ goes there ? Speak !" ' -The answer shows the person to be the Captain or Sergeant of the .guard, taking lus soUtary walk round the Encampment ; and now the sentinel is sure to want a dry forhia rifle, or a bit of tobacco, or the "W of a pipe, any thing to. detain the Ser gcaat a few moments in conversation ; and "wla the Sergeant be in a-sochd IramoT, perhaps they may. both set down upon the grass and while away fifteen minutes i in pesang Jiow long the travel will continue the disagreeable duty of guarding is -wi accessary. . : r - ,- f . The sentinel is again alone, and, hush ! Again the grazing mule shows tokens of I Tou hear the faint clack of the li ne as the guard ' suddenly cocks U, i and he prostrates himself in the grass, h Jus head cautiously raised and his eye fed in the direction indicated by the gaze no t? rtlcimule. Something moves P" i the silver inoonls rising, but the light yet so indistinct as to be even nioro per- nlexing than the darkness : but something does move. It is not the waving of tuft of grass in the night breeze, for it has changed its position." The guard is certain of this, ana steadily keeping his rifle aimed at the moving object, he gives' the challenge. " "Who goes there T-Speak ! Sneak !" and his fore finger is curled around the trig ger to fire, when he takes an instant mote to pause, and as the moonlight falls more clearly upon the earth he becomes aware that the intruder fa a wolf prowling around the camp in search ' of food. . Relieved from his alarm at the same moment that the cheering moonbeams come to enliven la? solitary dutyl(fthe sentinel laughs' at his mistake, and perhaps teuuTuneshia watch, peering closely at it by the moon, or feeling the bands with his fingers, to see how long he has got to remain on guard. . ;: - - And how gloriously does the moon rise upon the prairie ! " IIoWj beautiful is the moon, risine in any clime or upon any scene ! - But that sympathy, that notion of companionship which some spirits seem to find in the silver night Queen, can never appear so like a leal and actual influence as when yottare removed far from . your fellow men, And feel yourself, alone in- the wilderness. Than , you see that . heaven still smiles on you though man fa - distant, and your soul whispers that the God that made you can be as near, perhaps nearer, to you there than when walled around by a circle of friends and kindred. It may I bo a silly love, yet it is harmless to love the moon. . . r- 1 ...From the Agriculturalist.) ; , MECHANICS. - If any class of citizens can claim equal, ity with the yeomanry of the oountry, the cultivators of the soil, it is the hard-fisted and TinuuslrIuWiecha they been looked upon as inferiors and vas sals of whom t of the virtuous,' the good, and the great I ' . No ; but of the self-willed, the haughty, the iirresponsible, the specu. lators, the shavers, the idlors, the rehell. ious, the swindlers, the lovers of pleasure more than the lovers of God,, with which the land is infested. Among a certain class, the name of a mechanic is often viewed with reproach, and it is frequently the case that it is considered disreputable and condescending to walk the streets, or be found in converse with a plain and hon est shop-laborer. Are they a mere dreg in the community, and not fit associates for the very cream of the best society! J It has been said in days long gone by, that ' ' "An honest man m the noblest work of GodY and has this noblo sentiment become . trite and unfashionable, in these days of fluwy refinement and high life, upon the earnings of those who would not deign to violate the solemn behest, that man should gain his living by the "sweat of his brow 1" '. From the odium that is wont to be cast, ; we arc constrained to ask; who are these "home spun" sturdy mechanics, that are not equal to nature's greatest noblemen . They are the inventors . and makers of aft the world's uscablevnTbey a6 the individuals that make our houses,' our furniture, our fixtures, and ourganncnta,and are they not great indeed t To themwe are indebted for every convenience and almost every luxury of life ; and if farmers can, with propriety, be styled the 'back-bone of ; so. ciety,1 mechanics should, at least, claim to bo pillars and supports of the fabric. ; k To appreciate this venerable profession, it must be considered that mechanics is a science which has claimed the attention of the intelligent of all stations end all na tions. The term fa from a word in Greek, which signifies armachine-a-eontrirancc, and is the science which treats of force and motion- - Forces acting on bodies may ei- thcr produce rest or motion. In the for- mcr case they are treated ot under staucs, and in the latter dynamics. , The first ma. chine constructed, of , which . we have knowledge, was the universe, "whose ma ker and builder" is the Author of all tilings. In this grand machinery wiaplonr and might Are displayed, -beyond comprehen sion of man. -Worlds upon .worlds have been put forth, all subject to'the same gravi tating power that holds each in its place ; and this should" not he ' astonfahing when we reflect that it was this . Arch-Mechanist that "stretches out the " north -, over . the empty placei and hung the earth upon no- thingthat it fa: Hewbxr has "measured the waters in. the hollow of his hand, and meted put heaven with a span, and com prehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales and the hills in a balance." .This is the only evi dence of an illustrious mechanic Jesus Christ himself was a carpenter, and the Apostle' Paul a tent-maker. ..But tune would fail to speak of the honored, and tru ly honorable mechanics of the world. The name of Franklin, if not the i example, deeply graven-wpon the hearts of theAAm erican people : and the name of Jddge Bu- el will never be defaced from the memory of the patriotic and the good ' as was the man who set his own type ana worKea nis own press, while he was accumulating the rich stores of knowledge, with which the farming cornmunity have been . so richly blessed. . ' ,Thousands of examples are faithfully re corded in the world's history of men! who have distinguished' themselves for their knowledge and usefulness, that have guided the plane, driven the shoe-maker awl, and indeed in following every working pur suit, by which man has-been able to pro- euro on honest living. Wcnonctoscethvi ASHEVILLE, NORTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY IIORNLNG, JULY 24, 1810. time come when mechanics wfll be esteem ed, "by tho most intelligent, as, ranking high among the useful ad respected citi zens of the land. '- Let the young be educa ted and trained for some mechanical avoca tion, instead of the almost useless and empty professions, and their station will soon be come enviable and respectable. , : Fromtbo- Rakigb Ecprter. - ; i f" " VA MOTHERSINFLUENCE.; "A Mother's influence! Alas! I fear my coble pen can bu till acquit itself of the task of pourtraymg one or tho most powertui, holiest, Of all earthly influences. ' When dues it commence? When the unconscious infant first opens its eyes to the light of na-J ture, directs its gaze to seek the love which beams from a Mother's eye. When it ceas es, Eternity only can reveal. v- -; Our Saviour has appealed beautifully to a Mother's love, toprove. his love and faith fulness to his suflering Church;' and oh! how often, when sinking under the weight of accumulated afflictions, has my heart becri refreshed by marking the. undying, sleepless cav, of a devoted Mother; and my soul has clung to my Saviour", with the mstriictive, helpless, confiding love, with which an infant clings to the bosom of this assiduous parent I low delightful is the re flection, that a .Christian can claim even more than a Mother's love. A Mother's power, in controlling the affection and mind of her young charge, fa powerful be yond all calculation. Fortius reason, she receives them with unbiassed rninds; upon j her devotion the sacred task of giving their characters their moral bearing, and the re cords of Eternity wiH bear ample testimony to the fidelity with which she has discharg. ed the sacred trust reposed in her- Noth ing can exceed the reverence which chil dnw4bel thuparni every word which she utters, receive every sentiment advanced with the most implicit confidence, and in the first years of child, ish innocence, witli characteristic simpli city j appeal for. their truth by the simple assevcrau"on--r'My mother said." If the child be a noble, generous, high souled boy," this love amounts almost to ad orationrThle instinctive feeling implanted in his nature of protection to the weaker sex, acts here with the holiest power. He feels that it fa upon his strong arm she must rely,' if deprived of his father ; and he vows with tho most ardent devotion, to shield her with his heart's blood. He looks op to her as to a superior being, and seeks, as time unfolds his powers, to repose in her unsullied truth, her spotless purity, as on a verdant spot; amid the waste around him , and if this lovo is hallowed by the pi ous labors of a Christian Mother, it will form a sacred panoply to shield him from much that fa cviL It will lead him to love virtuous and pious females, because they boar affinity to his model of all tliat is love ly in woman, and to shrink with horror from the vicious, as his Mother's holy pu rity is contrasted with them. Would we could Sty that thew was never a blight to blast the influence of this holy flower. How often fa it perverted, and rendered worse than useless, by the narrow, contracted views and want of principle, upon the part of parents. Children imbibe these corrupt ed principles with fearful avidity, as it har- j momzes too well with their tallcn natures; and their future degeneracy may bo traced to the fault of the Mother who failed to sub due their wayward humors, by instilling the fear of God, which is the beginning of wis dom, and the only true basis upon which to form the" character. ;IIow often fa it the case, that children take their first lessons of hatred, jealousy, and all uncharitablcness from her who ought to shield them with the most scrupulous care, from the withering blast of the Siroco of passion. It is to be feared, that in tliat great day, which shall reveal the secrets of all hearts, many, too many Mothers, will be convicted of mur der, not of the body, (that in comparison were but a light offence,) but of that undy ing principle which, when ages, ten mill ion, million of ages; shall have completed their circle, will bo paying the penalty of their crimesy amid all the agonizing hor rors of the second death, and these crimes may, in a great measure, be traced to the Mother careless folly; I hear some parents sav what can we do? We send our children to Sabbath School, and take them to Church, f What can we do more?In this you do wchV provided you are careful to follow up tho instruction of the holy day of rest, in the every day business of life. ' Do your diildren see you make your Saviour's golden rule your gov: erning principle, in your transactions with your fellow mortals.- Like holy David, docs the day commence with an invocation to tho fountain of life- and; light, who can atone fit you for the sacred duties he has assigned you?' And does it also close by ascriptions ofrraise for the protecting care which has shielded you frum dangexa which you never can estimate, until' you beheld the difficulties of the way with unsealed eyes. . . .-. '" ) .' .- ' "' Do they see fhat whatever you do j whe ther you eat or drink, you po all to 'the1 glory of, God, "and that 'your anxiety for their temporal interest fa faint, in compar. ison with the agonizing desire for the wel fare of their immortal souls? But is it not thejsase.intoo manyfamilics, that" their piety is to be laid aside with their buiwlaj dress, only to be used on set occasions' Docs not the ' worldly maxims, the unhal lowed amusements, which you countenance both bv precept and example, convert the uo:y uismicuuiis oi uiu- ijojiviuui and wormwood, instead of winning them to love the cross of Christ, by the constrain ing influence of;.a life 6f devotion, and an utter renunciation of the world and all its vain allurements. Are yoa not rather luring them to a life of sensuality, by inun dating their young minds with tho, floods ofenvr and artful sophistry, with which Satan has -deceived -your own souls?" "There is no Mother that would willingly do any tWng which she thought would en danger her children V8ouls,'r you say! Neither would Eve, my friends, have tast ed the forbidden fruit in the full assurance that she was eating temporal and spiritual dedth. " But -blinded by., the , artful seduc tions of tho father of lies,' she believed him while under tho influence of temptation in the place of her God: and, my friends, if you arc temporizing Mothers, laboring to deceive your own souls and the souls of your children with the vain hope of serving the world with six days engrossing energy, while vou dedicate to God the stupid dozings of the Sabbath, you, are, precisely in. the same condition. . You are acting upon the supposition ,, that God does not mean what he says, when, ho cans you to come ow from among them and be separate. Touch not tho unclean thing, and then, and then only, shall ye be his sons and daughters. Mothers! the spirits call you to awake to the fearful weight of responsibility which rests upon vou. Oh! 'what will it avau you, that you and your cluldren have shone the brightest meteors in the hemisphere of folly anji fashioorif, at last, you will be number- ed among those who will awase to ever lasting shame and contempt. M jj Weldino ikoh and steel.-As iron and steel are compounded more or less with sulphurrcoppcr, and arsenic, which if thev predominate too muchwill prevent ffillf beTng6Wea some importance to blacksmiths to know what remedies to apply- in such cases. When iron fa compounded with sulphur, it is apt to burn before a welding heat can be raised.- In this case little unslackened stone lime, pounded up very fine, to be us ed instead of sand, ume will absorb the sulphur and enable the smith to weld it sound.. If but a small quantity" of copper enters in the,;composition of iron, it will render it bxitllewhen hot, and tough when cold. In this case, salt, or salaminoniac, should be-used with tho sand, which will evaporate the copper, and prevent the iron from breaking when it fa very hot. Arse nic generally predominates in iron that fa vcrv brittle -when cold.- A small quantity of saltpetre should then be used with the sand for welding, iron orsteei mat is en tirely free frorrv either of those pernicious substances will work sound, weld with case, and.be very tough when cold. This is what iscalled good iron. The same may be said of steel. . j t f "A fault too often found with blacksmiths, is, that their work; fanot tornd, when in fact the fault is in the iron they work. -;. A little., attention to;" ascertain the qualities of iron, and to apply the proper remedies, wul enable them to make their work sound, or, at least, as good as the quality of the iron will admit. In welding iron and stell toge ther for edee tools, it will be of service, (at least it can do no harm even if tlie jqjftjf0 add steel be ever so"feood,) to have a little lime. salt, and saltpetre mixed with tlie sand commonly used m welding, llus mixture makes an excellent flux for weld ing, and at the same time prevents tlie iron from burning,-and enables the smith to raise a sufficient heat to weld it perfectly sound, even to the very centre of the bar. : '; Mechtmict Magazine . The kmperobs Chablemicxe a.id Na poleon. Upon ot)Cning tlio tomb of Char lemagne, at 'Aix-la-Cliapelle, his skeleton vaa envelopcd'in a Roman dress, and tlie double crown of France and Germany sur rounded bis flcsliless brow; by his side, near his pilgrim's scrip, lay Joyevse, that good sword, with which, says tho Monk Saint Denis, he cut in twain a completely armed cavalier. His feet reposed upon the massive gold buckler, which was given him by Pope Leon; and from his neck was suspended the famous Talisman, which ren dered hhnktorious inrbattkvIt was a reliqiiQ of tho true cross, presented by the Empress Irene, and was contained in an emerald attached to. a heavy gold chain, which the good people presented to Napo leon when lie, entered fteTrlruyl Iu 1 8 1 17 he threw it around the neck of Queen He-r-tense, acknowledging to her that he wore it upon his breast at the battles of Auster litz and Wagrara, just as Charlemagne had done l)0Oyears before. , Shice then the precious - Talisman and chain has. never quitted the possession .of the Duchess of St. Leu, who regards it with the confidence reposed in it by its imperial donor. A ,- . . 2V. 1'. Amer. 1 ' ' JIoNpsrr. The more honesty a man has, the less he aflects the air of a Saint; the aflectation of sanctity is a blotch on the face of piety. Lavalcr. i , . BKArrr.-f-Fire bums only white we are near it, but a beautiful face burns and in flames thee at a distance Xcnopfw. A noble heart, like tho sun, showeth its grealest cbuntenanceln its lowest estate. Sidney. ; ,: . - - A vcar of pleasure passes like a fleetin; breeze: but a moment of misfortune Beems an age of pain. POLITICAL. From tbe New York Courier and Enquirer.) GENERAL HARRISON AND THE WHIGS OFTIIE NEW YORK LEGISLATURES We publish below an interesting corres. fmdence between the Whigs ,of ; the New ork Legislature and the Whig candidates for the Presidency and Vice Presidency of the United States. ' The action which led to the cwrespondence wat consummated on the 22d of February, the birth day of Washington ; and the fourth or July, the birth day of the Republic; has been with great propriety selected by the Committee for its publication, lne letter oi wncrai Harrison fa frank, full and explicit It takes the ground fhat should be ' maintain, ed by every Presidential candidate. The adoption of the principles of tho letter will do more than any thing else to carry back the Republic to the purity and integrity of us earlier days, and to introduce an Ad ministration worthy to succeed that of Washington. ) 1; ' ' ' , ' f Albany, 28th February, 1840. Sis: On behalf of the Whig members of tbe Legialature, being a majority of both the Senate and the House of Assembly, the undersigned have tlie honor to transmit to you the enclosed Resolution prepared by us and passed with perfect unanimity and the most enthusiastic feeling, by those mem hers, at a meeting held- on Saturday last, being the Anniversary of Washington's birth day. " : ' . ( Z Werhavo also the honor to transmit to you a paper containing a report in full of tlie speeches and proceeaings, ni tnai We have we fullest confidence that in the views there expressed as to the charac ter and policy of the present administration, wellea in tho tf ihutcs paid to. your -own character and public services; and to those of the distinguished citizen associated with you in the Harrisburg nomination, we have and convictions, but to thosebf a Urge ma jority of the People of this -State. We are, with respect, - Vour friends and fellow citizens, G. C Vcrplanck, Martin Lea, ' John Maynard, C E. CUjrk, s' Wm. Duer, c -' Lcter B. Porter, . D. B. St John, J. Hubbard, , Of the Senate. Qf the Assembly. Gen. W. ILIlAamisoif. North Bend, Ohio, I May23, 1840. J Gentlemen: I have the honor to ac knowledge the receipt of your letter of the 23th of February, conveying the proceed ings of a meeting of the Whig members of tho Legislature, convened in tne capnoi 01 tho State on the 22d oi tnai monuu-x I bee vou to believe. Gentlemen, that I am deenfv impressed with the honor which has been conferred upon me by the distia guished body, whom on this occasion you represent The greatobjectof both my civil and military life has been to serve my couhtrvrto the utmost of-my abilities, , and to obtain its approbation." .The hope of this has 'often cheered me in circumstances-of great difficulty and embarrassment You will pardon me, I trust, if in this jetter I go somewhat beyond tho mere pur pose of acknowledging the receipt of your communication.. and use the occasion for making a few remarks, which circumstan ces seem to require from me; in respect to a declaration of opinions, or pledges, as to my future conduct, required of candidates for high offices. ; Ity public life, not now a short one, is before the.country. My opinions on un portant subjects, have been expressed from time to time, as those subjects have arisen, and since myj,narae bas been mentioned among those from whom a jtelection might be made for the otnee 01 rrcsiucm, uave, in several letters to friends, fully and frank. lv Avowed mv sentiments. Farther than this, I cannot suppose intelligent persons could desire me to go. The people of this country do not rely on professions, pro. miser and -pledges.- They- know that- if tho candidate is unprincipled, he will not scruple to give any pledge that may be re. quired ot hun, anu as uiue win ue.ueonuic to violate it I hav6 already made public u"priiicrpTey;hjch I sliould beovcrn ed, jfelocted President, so far as it relates to the proper LxecuUve duties ot that omce. But almost innumerable applications have been niade to me, for my opinions relative to matters of legislation, or even to the pro ner mode of conductine business in the two Houses of ConOTCSs. My published letters to Mr. Williams and Mr. Denny , will "show that I do not consider the President a con- stitiicnt branch of the Legislature; but it is impossible to read the letters that have been addressed "to " rhe,- without - believing that many of the writers hud adopted the opin ion, that the Presidential office was the proper sodrce and origin of all the legisla tion of the country: an opinion in my judg. ment, at war with every principle of the constitution, and of deep and dangerous consequence. ' The prevalence of such sentiments, more than almost any thing ftlae. would tend to consolidate the whole substantial power of tho Government in the! 1 . . I - a Ailnnitr nanus 01 a single utuiij ivM"yj : whether in or out of office, I feel it ray rw-At nlpmn dutv to resist ' ,: I have declined therefore to give any fur ther. pledges' or opinions on subjects wliich - J" NUMBER 8. belong to the future legislation of Congrest because, ViW V '. 1st I conceive, for the reasons given in my letters to Mr, Williams and Mr. Den. ny, that Congress should be left as much as possiblo untrammeled by executive in fluence in the discharge" of its legislative functions: and that a better guarantee tor the correct conduct of a Chief Magistrate may be found in his character and in the course of his former life, than in pledges and opinions given during the pendency of a doubtful contest; and that although rc cosnizins the ritrht of the people to be in. formed of the leading political opinions of tne canuiaaiesiior 011 ices 01 irosi, y regards the suhtects uoon which, the Lejns- lature may be csjled to act, the pledge and, opinions snouia De requirea, u wram all, of the candidates for Congress. , 2i Because, the habit of corisidering a sinirlo individual as the source from which all the measures of government should em anate, fa degrading Jo a Republic, ana 01 tho most dangerous tendency. 3d. Because, upon alt the questions in regard to which, under any cireurnsuincs' it would be at all proper for me . to make answers, my sentiments have already been fully and clearly given to tho public, in a manner to entitle them to ,credcnce, as I conceive that no honest man would suffer hiafriend8 to publish documents in his name which were not genuine, or containing opinions wliich he was not then willing to endorse. '' - Accept, gcntlemcnlhxLaurancai. of my high regard , W. II. HARRISON. ' Messrs. Verplanck, Lee, Maynard, Du-,, er, Clark, Porter. ; . St John and Hub- In reply to a letter similar in substance to that of Gen. Harrison, Governor Tyler thus writes: " - ' ' --Willumsburg,-Va. -r - - ,- March 20, 1840.-J- Gentlemen- I owe you my acknow. edgments for your letter communicating to me the proceedings ot the vvnig members 6f the Legislature of New York, and the paper containing the addresses made at their late meeting. ' I have read them with deep interest,' not becausp 'of my present ' political relations to the country, relations which you are well aware were not in the slightest-degree of my own seeking; but because whatever proceeds from the ac credited representatives of a majority of the People-of the great State of New YorkjS. is entitled at all times, and more especially at the present, to excite the highest degree of attention. The influence and power whibh she exerts over the Aflairs of the Union, devolve upon her the responsibility of the weightiest character, and when she . announces herself on the Bide of the institu tions of the country, the friends of civil Li. berry, havo cause to feel assured that all fa safe. Such are tho feelings which your late proceedings and addresses are .calcu- lated to inspire, and such, I am sure, will be the happy result i-For the complimentary notice which has -been taken of myself by the Whig members of the Legislature, 1 beg to be permitted to express my thanks,.-and to tender to each of you, gentlemen, wishes foryour health, happiness and prosperity.'. j I have the honor to be, yours, &c " " JOHN TYLERS Pkoghkss towards a Militakt Despo tism. On the 80th of November, 1838, the entire Army of the United States, OflU cers and men, nnmbered 7,058. (See Doe. No. 1, 24th Cocgicss, 2d Session,1 page 137.) This was tho last year ot Ucnerai Jackson's reign. . ' , " Mr. Van Buren came into office -4th March, 183T. On the 30th of November, of that year, the Adjutant General again reported the Grand Aggregate of tho Army to be, 7,058 officers and men. (See Doc No. 1,25th Congress, 2d Session, page 217.) " In Vaff"Burcn's Message of De comber 5. saino year, ho rccomawnded an increase'ofour regular forces." (Sou sime Doc p. 17.) The Secretary of War also-uged thesani-mcrcase.-See-ame--- Docp. 163; also Mr. Poinsett's fcpecial Report, March 21, 1838, 8th voL Ex. Doc) In accordance with tliese recom. mendations, General M'Kay, Chairman of thorM ihtftry-fJommitteeTTwportcd, and strongly advocated, a bill to increase the army, which passed on the 5th of July, 1838. ; . ' On the 20th of November, 1838, the . , Army had swelled to 12,530, officers and men, an increase of 4,581 in that year. (See Doc. No. Session, 23th Con-, ;,' gress.) !-,- . '' '"-":' . November, 1830, the Adjutant General. fir ; again reports the total of the Army at 12,. ' 530. (See Doc. N6 1st Scss. 26th Con.i: ; - ress,- p. 63.) . In his Message of Dec. last , Mr4 Van 1 Buren, not satisfied with an Army nearly ; twice as largo as that which we had before he eamc into office,1 proposed, the organi zation of a Standing Army" of -Militia of 200,000 men. - And moreover, his Secretary asked ;for authority to raise 1000 inch, to serve da ring the war in Florida, to receive the pay of dragoons, and 'a bounty in .land at the .. close of the war f (See same Doc- p. 45. All these documents are in our possession, subject to the i inspection of , any onc who may desire to see theni) " . :- j Thcabove are portcnoiu "avas ' "t" "I 4 H : ii if w :.y s

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