Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.) /
July 31, 1840, edition 1 /
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LIFE IS ONLY TO BE VALUED AS IT 13 USEFULLY EMTLOYEDT
OLUME I. .
.iTil. ROBERTS. EDITORS.
rttm i-iftT Cent por annum, in advance, or
?r ntinued.(ex, -t at the op
No """TE.L.a i;i all awon.L't w
A"Tfi Twenty.Five Cent, for
AH eomni""- - . .
A TRUE STORY. ;
. m I happened to bo
Ijasoal interest in our courw, .
(nature of tho claim, and tho strange
rv . . rtM thn Din .
orv which ai.-iomxi. ri
ho was a captain of a Merchant a ship,
AJ hrinciimllY with tho West In-
had married quite cany ,
Lv f hanDinesa. s. His wife was said
. . . - .,..1
havebten extremely, beautiful, and no
M lovely in character. . ' .
After living With heir in tho most umn
m(! harmony for five years, during
JL time two daughters .were -added to
L family, be suddenly resolved to resume
is occupation men ne uuu n.-uiiui3ircu,
Ln his vounibst child who was but three
ecks old, sailed once more for thd West
lidics. His wife was aevoicuiy aitacnea
h him, sorrowed deeply at nis ausence,
U fimnd her only comfort in thesocicty
! her children and tho hopo of his return,
ut month after month, passed away, and
; enmc Lnot, nor did any letters, those in
iiUjcient but welcome substitutes, arrivcjto
' t bcr solitude Months lengthened into
.ui yetjao tidings were received of the
k . luUiiil. . mnA . nfVnf - InniT hnninfT
k'liul to believe that he had found a gravo
JcDcath the weltering ocean.
Her sorrow-was eep-and hcartfc.-lt, but
Ve evils of poverty were now added to her
" lion, and the widow found herself obli
d to resort to some employment in order
fipport her children. -Her needle; was
i t only" resource, and for ten 'y'c'arS 'shc
Lborcd early and late for the miserable
littance which is ever grudgingly bestowed
m an humble seamstrcas. . ; - ' r
A merchant of New York, in moderate
ait In' prosperous circumstances, acciden.
liy became acquainted .with her, and
leased with her gentle manners no less
an her extreme beauty, endeavored to
prove their acquaintance with friendship.
After some months he offered hia hand,
lid was accepted. As the .wile of a suc-
lsful merchant, she soon found herself in
pe enjoyments of comforts and luxuries
'ich as she had neter before possessed.
lor children becanio his children, and re
Lived from him -every advantage which
ealth or station. could procure. . rmecn
rars passed away, the daughters married,
id by tacir step-father were furnished with
cry comfort requisite in their new avoca-
ot house-kecners. But thev had
i quitted his roof when their moth-'
was taken ill. She died after a few days
kness, and from that time until the pe-
of which 1 speak, the widower resid-
jd wita the youngest daughter, t-----.
I Now comes the strangest part of the sto
V. After an absence of tlurty jfcars, du
ing which time no tidings had been recehr
jd from him, the first husband returned as
moeniyas he had departed. -; --- 3:
He had changed his ship; adopted ano
icr name, and spent the wWc of that tons
leriod on tlw ocean with only transient
isits on shore, while taking iaof dlschargH
ig cargo; having been careful
me nennpr home .than New
'V by he had acted in this unpardorial !o
laancr towards his famil v no orW co. .
f'H, and he obstinately refuscdfiall cxplaT
There were strange rumors of slavc-tra.
ag and piracy afloat, but thv worn nnlv
lispcrs of conjecture rather than truth.
V hatever might have been his motives for
h conduct, he was ccrtainlv anv tluiwi
ut indiflcreut to his family concerns, when
0 returned. ? He raved like , a" mad-man
i 'hen Informed of "his "wife's second marri.
ana suDsequcnt death, vowing ven-I'-ance
upon his successor j and terrifying
jis daughters by the most awful threats in
jasethey refused to acknowledge his claims,
jlehad nrturned wealthy.md one of those
Knrepulcs6f U10 law, -who arelways
P be found crawling about the halls of jus
ice, advised him to bring a suit. against
j second husband assuring him that he
jould recover heavy damages. The ab.
juny oi insutuong a claim for a wife
nam death had already released from the
,rsctioii of earthly laws-, was 90 mani-
that it was at lenLth aom A W tt
1 m " " w wvuujuuj-W WJT UIQ
It WHS OH abnVKt nnKnntlttrill nAnwnn
V "ng when we met to hear this inmu
f Thejunlight streamed through
mJo's of t lie court room, and
t 1 . around thc tong grey loeks and
i.! . h features were thrown into
w colder relief, by the me beam which
".u uic placid countenance of his
Tersary. - -- r ,- , v
ine pkvintirs lawyer mado a most ek:
appeal for bis client, and had nn
Fn informed about the matter, our hearts
rOukr hnvo tww. . .
I . - -rot nKiiea Dy nis loucning
nptron of the return of the desolate
""and, and th k
fowhcld hi, household goods removed
to 1 consecrato a stranger hearth. Tho
celebrated Aaron Burr was counsel for die
defendant; and we anticipated from him a
splendid display of oratory." ' ' .
Contrary to our expectations, however,
Burr mado no attempt to oppose his oppo
nent's oratory. He merely opened a book
of Statutes, and pointing with his thin fin
gcr to one of the pages, desired the refer
ees to read it, while lie retired for a mo
ment to bring- in the principal witness.
We had scarcely finished the section that
fully decided tho matter in our minds,
when Burr re-entered with a tall and ele
gant female leaning on his arm. She was
attired in a simple white dress, with a
wreath of ivy leaves encirling her large
straw bbtfnct,fand a lace veil completely
concealing her countenance. I Burr whis
pered a few ' words apparently encourag
ing her to advance, and gracefully rais
ing her veil, disclosed to us a face of proud
and surpassing beauty.I recollect as wcl
as if it happened yesterday how. simulta
neously the murmur of admiration burst
from the lips of all present. Turning to
tho plaintiff, - Burr asked in a cold, quiet
tone, . " . " ' '
,3 "Do you know this ladj7w
Answer "I do," . . . '
- Burr. " Will you swear that?" -t - -'Answor.
-" I will; to the best of my
knowledge and belief she 4s my daughter. '
Burr. " Can you swear to the identity?"
Answer. "I can." , , -,
. Burr.-' " Wlmt is her age!"- a "
1 Answer; :4She was thirty years of age
on tho 29th day of April." 1. ;
Burr. 1. lion did you aeoher last!"
... Answer : -..,'. At her own house about a
fortnight since.1 1 .Jt. r ' , , '" : ,
. ' Burr. "When did you last see her previ
oua'to that meeting?''---"-- 7: " ': i?
.The plaintiff hesitated- long
answer was, " ' 'lx'
"On the 14th day of May, 17 .
added Bunv" Gentlemen' continued he ,
turning to U8lt" l)veisQiSLJi)kdy
here as an importantrwitness, and such I
jtliink alio is.. The plaintifl'sJcOunscl has
pleaded Uloquently injidlfofthe bcreavv
ed husband, who escapcdTeerns of t!ie
sea, and returned only to find his home
desolate.' .But who will picture to you the
lovelyv wife bending over the daily toil, de
voting her best years to the drudgery of
sordid poverty, supported only by the hope
of her husband's return? ' Who' will paint
the slow progress of heart-sickening, the
wasting anguish of hopo deferred, and fi
nally; the overwhelming agony which came
upon hef when her- tost hope was extin
guished, and she was compelled to believe
herself indeed a widow? Whd can depict
all this without awakening in our hearts the
warmest sympathy for the 'deserted wile,
and the uttcrest scorn for the mean pitiful
wretch , who could thus trample on thc earth
of her whom he had worn to Jove and
cherish? .We need not inqdire into bis
motive for acting so base a part. Whc.
ther it was love of gain, or licentiousness,
or selfish indifference, it matters not; he is
tootle.a thing to be judged by such laws
as govern men. ' Let us ask the witness-
she who stands before us. with the frank.
fearless Brow of a true hearted woman let
us ask her which of these two have been to
her a father." t - ;'
Turning to the lady , in a tone whose
Sweetness was a strange contrast with the
scornful accent that had.just charactcjrizod
hia words, he besought her to relate briefly
the recollections of her early life. A slight
flush passed over her proud .and beautiful
facc,lts she renjied:
"My first recollections are of a small
ill-finished apartment, which my sister and
myself shared with my mother. She used
to carry v out 'fe very Saturday evening , the
work which occupied her during the week,
and bring employment fox tho following
one. ' Saving that wearisome visit to her
employers, and her regular attendance at
church, she never left the house. She of
ten spoke of my lather, and of bis antici
pated return, but at-lehgth ahe ceased to
mention turn, though 1 observed sho used
to weep more frequently than ever. I then
thought she wept because we were so poor,
for it sometimes happened that our only
support was a bit of dry bread, and she was
accustomed to see by the light of the chips
which , she kindled to warm, her famishing
children, because she could not purchase a
candle without depriving us bX our morning
meaL Such was our poverty when my
mother contracted a second marriage', ana
the change to us was like a sudden entrance
into paradise. . We found a home and a fa
ther.-' She paused. ''' .-'A-
" Would- you excite ' my own child
against me ? : cried the plaintiff, as -he
immediately waved his hand for her to be
!'silent. ' V--k--f;-;'---- - ' -.'i"
1 Tho eyes of the witness flashed fire as
she spoke. ; " You are not my father," ex
claimed she vehemently? " The law may
deem you such, but I disclaim you utterly
What! . call you my father! you who basely
left your wife to toil and your children to
beggan'? Never! never! Behold there my
father, pointing to the agitated defendant
there is the man who watched over my
infancy who was the sharer of mv child
hood sports, and guardian of my inexperi.
enced , youth. There is he who claims my J
affections and shares, my home there is
my father. For yonder selfish wretch, I
know him not The best years of his life
have lecn spent'in lawless freedom, from
social tics; let him seek elsewhere for the
companion of hia decrepitude, nor dare to
' ASHEYILLE, NORTII CAROLINA, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 31, 1840V - :
insult the ashes of my mother by claiming
tho duties of kiwi red from her deserted
children." ' - -
Slie drew her veil hastily around her as.
she spokei anoVmoved as if to withdraw, ..
'uentlemen, said Burr, ' I have no
more to 8ay.-TjM'wonur of4he.Iaw;jKn
expressed in tlie book before you; tlie wods
01 truth you just heard, from the woman g.
pure lips, It is for you to decide, according
to the requisition of nature and thc decree
of justice." ? fi . 'tr-.:;. y- " i
II heed not say that bur decision was in
favor of thc defendant-; and that tho plain
tiff went forth followed by the contempt
of every honorable man, who was present
at thetrial.' - "v . ' , '
On the came of the inadequate protection
ajjorded by Jbighltung Iiodt,in tome cat eg,
and the meant of insuring their perfect
competency ; alio, a refuhifion of the pre
valent idea,, thai .Metal are peculiarly
attractive of Electricity ; ly JL HARE,
M. D. rrofessof of Chemistry in the Uni
: versify of Pennsylvania,: , ; ,
In some ofour American newspapers a
loiter lias Dccnre-publtshedtrom the London
Times, calculated as I conceive, most per
niciously to lessen tlie confidence, of the
public 111 mctalic conductors, m a means of
protection against lightning. In common
with many other persons, the-author of the
loiter appears to suppose,- that metals are
peculiarly attractive VI electricity t.and
inters that, when a metahc rod is attached
to a house, or ship, a discharge of electric
nuid may be induced from a cloud, which
otherwise would not have been sufficiently
near to endanger tho premises. : Nothing
in my opinion can be more erroneous than
tins notion. Tho truth u. that the earth
and the thunder clouds being , in opposite
electrical states, the electric fluid tends to
, u order to-
store tnc ,cqunionum Lnc . atnuwpliero
being a non-conductor, through which
aiscbargecannoTbe accomplislied witliout
dy rising above the earth's surface, which
may be more capable than the air of trans-
nutting electricity, is made the medium of
communication."" Metals bcing ' pre-emi
ncntly capable of acting as conductors, thc
tran mission of electricity is made through
them with - proportionably great facility.
Yet they do not attract it more : than other
substances similarly elcctified., A glass or
wooden ball, is as readily attracted, by thc
excited conductor of an electrical machine,
as a ball of metal, and as much more, than
a mctalic point, as thc superfices of the ball
may be greater than that of the point.
ISoUiaig, to me appears mora unfounded
than an idea, lately suggested, that the at
traction between a ship and a thunder
cloud can be increased, by the presence of
pointed metahc rod surmounting the
If houses or vessels have been struck
with lightning, while provided with con
ductors, it is, in my Opinion, owing to the
conductors being improperly constructed ;
or having no adequate connection with the
earth. The power of any body- to receive
an electric discharge-j-is dependent on the
conducting power of the medium in which
it terminates, no less tlMtn upon its. own.
A mctalic rod, nctd by a glass naiwie or
entering a mass of pounded gloss, or dry
sand, would not bo more efficacious as
conductor,' than a glass rod similarly situ
ated. ; If terminated by an inriperfcct con
ductor, as for instance by earth or water,
iU power is reduced in proportion to - the
imperfection of the medium thus . bounding
it. v Tliis influence of tlie media, in which
conductors terminate, has not been sufTi.
ciently insisted upon in treaties on electrici
ty,' should not consider a mctalic rod,
terminating without any enlargement of sur
face, in the water or the earth, as an ade
quate protection' against lightning! but
were such conductors to terminate in mc
talic sheets buried in the earth or immers
ed in the sea, or by a connection duly made
with the iron pipes, with which our city is
watered or the copper with which ships
arc generally 8hoatlwd , r I should have the
mostperlect confidence. lfl their compctcn.
t It as not only important that the points of
Contact between tlie mctalic mass employ
ed to afford lightning an adequate passage,
and the earth or water in which it termin
ates should be so multiplied as to' compen
sate for the inferior conducting-power
the earth or water j but it is also necessary
that the conducting rod be as . continuous
as possible. - When conductors, are to be
stationary, as when applied to buildings,
they should cohsist of pieces screwed to-
geincr prprcieraDiy joinca ny soiuer, ns
well as by screwing. When flexibility is
reqtysite, thc joints should be neatly made
like Ihose of the irons in fall topcarriage;
and be rivited, so as to ensure a close con
tact at the conjunctures.
In all cases, the ordinary, buf import
ant precaution of having the rod to termin
ate above, in a fine clean point, should ;be
attended to. " Where platina tips cannot be
had, multiplying the points by splitting the
rod Into a ramification of pointed wires,
may compensate for the diminution of con-'
ducting power, arising from rust.; : ... ,.-
The efficacy of the point o points, is
however dependent on the continuity of the
conductor of which I have already spoken.
since it is well known, that if a pointed rod
be cut into1 parts, so as to produce intervals
bonded by blunt terminations, its efficacy
will not be much ereater than if it had no
point, because the fluid will in that Case
pass in sparks, instead of being transmitted
in a current. It is on this account tnat 1
object to chains, or rods joined, by loops or
hooks and eyes, ine error of supposing
that a mctalic rod must be more capable of
attracting electricity injuriously, becauso Of
its known Wonderful power in transmitting
it will be eyklcnt w hen it is understood that
the only difterence between metals and oth
er bodies arises from" the superior power of
transmission. : Hence, when by a defective
communication w ith the earth or soa, the
cthcacy ol the metal, as a conductor, is di
minished, or destroyed its influence over a
charged cloud Is proportionably lessened.
t billows, therefore, that so tar as it acts;
its action must be beneficial, unless its low.
er termination should, .by an inconceivable
degree of ignorance or inattention, . be so
situated as to render k more easy for .the
electrical fluid to leave the rod, and pass
througha portion of tlie house or vessel,
than to proceed ; by means of thc rod into
the earth or feea. , ; - -
Thus, Richman was killed by a conduct
or which he employed to recejve electrici
ty from tlie ckxitlsl and to convey it to an
electrometer, necessarily insulated : under
tfiese circumstances, tnc bead tnc pro
. . ...... ..
fessor beina- about a foot from tlie conduct
or, he becamea part of tliechanncl of com.
mumcation with the carfhr llad the appa
ratus been surrounded by a cage m wire,
and this duly connected with a mctalic rod
soldered to a slieet of metal buried in the
earth, Richman might have made his ob
servations with pefect "security. That,
with due precaution, experiments analogous
tor his are not productive of. injury- to thc
Operator, is rendered evident by. the sub
joined quotation from Singers electricity.
1 must premise, that tho apparatus, by
mcalis of which tlie phenomena alluded to
were produced , conuisted of a Wire a mile
long, supported and insulated, upon very
the electrician, Andrew Crosse; Esq.
"-The approach ofcjwtrged cAwcrTprov
duces sometimes positive, and at others nc.
original character, tlie effect gradually in.
creases to a certain extent, tlien decreas.
es, and disappears, and is followed by thc
opposite signs, which gradually extend be
vond the former maximum then decrease.
terminate, and are agnm followed by the
original electricity. Tliese alterations arc
sometimes numerous, and arc more or less
rapid on different occasions ; tlicy usually
increase in intensity at each repetition,
and at last a full dense stream of sparks, is
sues from thc atmospherical conductor to
the receiving ball, stopping at Intervals,
but returning with redoubled force." In
this state a strong current of air proceeds
from the wire and its connected apparatus ;
and none but a spectator can conceive the
awfuli though sublime effect, of such phe
nomcna. At every flash of lightning, an
explosive stream, accompanied by a pecu
liar noise, passes between the balls of the
apparatus, and enlightens most brilliantly,
every surrounding object, whilst these cf.
fects are heightened by the successive peals
of thunder, and by the consciousness of so
near an approach to its cause.
"JJunng the display of electric power,
so awful to an ordinary observer, the elec
trician sits quietly in front of-tlie appara
tus, conducts tlie lightning in any required
direction, and employs it to fuse wires, de
compose fluids, or fire ir.fianiuble substan
ces : and wlien tho efiects are too
ful.v to attend to such evperimcnts
securely, ho - connects the insulated' wire
with Use ground, and transmits thc accumu
lated electricity with silence and with safe.
--.Ttitia,ahalleommuiiictiii(rwith thc rarth,
bj an adequte metahc conductor. '
. I WURCIMONIALS.
. ,?ty. bt ao. lewis cass. . y r .
A most instructive i as well as amusing,
chapter might he written hpbn the history
of these (Jourt ceremonials, existing and
extinct which have heretofore controlled
in a greater or.less degree, t!ie,destmies of
nations. 1 have beentold by one who
spoke from his personal recollection, tliat
when the ufilortunate Marie Antoinette
entered the French Court. she manifested
aiiixed feeling of dislike and contempt for
the rigid Teuqtiette which; prevailed there;
and sought, in the gayety of her heart, to
withdraw hciJf fnm ite bsenancOL blie
fJconsidered this disenchantment as the first
in her long sene of misfortunes, and as
tlie commencement of that system of oblo
quy, which pursued her with relentless fu
ry, till it laid her head upon the scaffold. I
can well appreciate her feelings in desiring
to "walk abroad, into nature out of the ar
tificial atmosphere in which she lived. But
I must confess, that I surveyed wjth sur-
trine one place associated by tradition with
lt name, and w hich assuredly-1 should
have thought presented the last scene a
young, beautiful, and accomplished woman
would desire to visitf rnis.was a stone
bench in-the-catacombs tinder the-city of
far is, which our guide told us bad been
constructed for the temporary reposeof the
Queen and the gay and gallant Count
d'Artois, when examining that impressive
repository of tho mortal remains of many
generations which have died in this great
city. You know these immense excava
tions extend under a considerable part of
tlie capital, and that they, have no doubt
furnished its building materials, since the
earliest times, They are no longer work
ed, because the. streets and many of ,the
hraisea having been undermined, the sur
fiico of the ground as well as buildings oc-'
casionally fell in, and the government felt
it necessary; to chock the farther progress
of the eviL Pillars have been constructed
in the roost exposed situations, and as it is
some time since I have hoard of any acci
dents, I presume there are no farther ap
prehensions, lnc entrance ; is secured ,
and admittance fit obtained with some diffi
culty; for in Europe the public authorities
are. more careful of life than we are, and
persons having been separated from the
guides have become lost and perished in
tjiia vast field of the dead. WJiat end can
be more frightful! , To wander iritmis im
mense charnel-house, surrounded by the
most revolting emblems of mortality, to
perish in the midst of departed generations,
is terrible indeed. The bones are all ar
ranged with horrible symmetry. Pillar af
ter pillar, and wall after Wall, of arms and
legs and ribs, hedge in tho visitor, and form
a narrow patbalong. which he follows the
guiuu luHupressive silence. ; Ana as uie
lorcnps wiucn are cameo, ana wiucn a lone
light up.tliesc regions impenetrable to day,
sited their feeble and flickering rays upon
these sad memorials of humanity, thc scene
is painful' beyond description. And then
come tho columns of sculls, and" you may
almost fancy , as thc titlul light stnkes them ,
that they arengriniring uponrTOff ith dia
bolical malice. The whole cavern resem
bles the Valley of tho Shadow of Death, so
powerfully" described by tho prophet, Ten
dered still more strange by( the; display of
a kind of taste in tlie arrangement of thc
" T breathcd freer when tho portal of this
great tomb closed behind me.
In one- of Victor I Iugo's plays, - Ruy
Clas, tltcse antiquated Court ceremonials
are most happily hit off; and tlie effort is
so good, tliat I am tempted to transcribe a
passage. Tho scene is in Simin, where
sfictraiceho ougliriofor 35jU?cDild
that ono of its Kings was almost burnt to
death, because the established usage pro
hibited his removal from a large fire witli-
it-tho aid of the proper officer.
' Tlic,Quccn. "I wish to go out"
The Duchess of Alberqucrque, making a
profound sal utation,4! When, tlie Queen
goes out, each door must be opened by a
Grandee of Spain, having a right to carry
a key. Such, is die rule. . .But no G mo
dee can be present at tlie palace at this
hour," ' , .
X The Queen. " Tlicn I am shut up,. I
am to be filled." . 1..
. The Dutchess, witli anotlicr re re re nee.
"I am Camcrara Mayor. , I fulfil tlie duties
of my office," , .
The Queen, afler a moment of silence.
"Quick, my ladies, bring cards, and let us
The Dutchess, to tho ladies. - "Dont
move, Indies." Then rising and making a
reverence to the Queen, she adds: "Her
Maiesty cannot play, according to tlie es
tablished ceremonial, except with Kings,
or the relations of Kings. C
The Queen, in a passion. "Well, bring
these relations. . .. , i
The Duchess, making tlie sign of. thc
cross., "uod has not given any to the
reigning King. ,The Queen mother is dead,
and he is alone at present. - -'
-4-TAe Queenr " Let tliem wrve me some
thing to eat Castilda, I invito you to cat
with mo. , . " ,
i he lmchess, making a reverence.
Dowers-tWhrttthtrKinsis not present, tlie Queen
" The Qiicfa, fosinglill patience. ' " Oh
my God, what shall I do! I can't go out,
nor play; nor eat as 1 would. Une year as
a Queen is enough to kill mc."
A song is heard, outside tlie palace.
The Queen ; to Castilda. "The wood is
hot thick here this window looks out on
the country let us try to see tlie singers."
The Duchess, Making a reverence, "A
Queen of Spain ought not to look out of tlie
But the imagination of the author has
not equalled the record of history. In thc
absurdity of these observances, "truth is
strange,. stranger tlian fiction."- - When
Marie Antoinette arnvciTon the frontiers
of France, to espouse the Dauphin, she
pitched for that purpose, and then habited
in a French suit. , " Even Napoleon was led
away by his penchant7 for these trifles to
re-establish their observance at his Court;
and it L well known tliat at tlie coronation
of the Empress there was quite a family
scene, because he. msistcd that her tram
should be borne by his crowned sisters.
Under; tlie" ancient regime,' the right to
have both folding doors throwjn ojien, or to
sit upon a tabouret, which is a cushioned
stool, was one of the greatest honors a sub
ject could aspire to, and excited more sen-
sation than 'many a political event atlecting
the prosperity of tlie kingdom, r On par
ticular davs the King dined in public, when
the principal personages of thj Court and
the Kingdom were seen standing at bis
chair, holding plates and towels under their
arms and m their hands
Burke says.-that one of his predecessors
in reform , Lord Talbot , failed in his' efforts,
ert was a Member of Parliament" l do
not .know if the importance of thjs office
has diminished since that day, but as I find,
that even in the Red Book for 1840,' thc
Chief Cot, thc First Master ' Cook, the
Second, Master Cook, and the Third Mas.
ter Cook, are all designated as Esquires, I
may presume it is yet-considered sufficient
ly honorable for a Member of Parliament
to turn tho King's spit I In Scotland, Sir
VAnstruthcr, a Baronet, is hereditary
carver,' having the rightj standing at a side 4
table, to cut up the meats; and Sir James
Carnegie is hereditary cup-bearer; to wait x
upon tlie King when he desires to drink.
I find one appointment id the Red Book.
which I trust, during the reign of a Queen,
ana lor the- sake of conjugal happiness,
will be a sinecure that of leather breeches
maker to her Majesty!; .- G i
England may well afford to sweep away
what Mr. Burke called these "incumbran-
ces and nuisances,' which are as oflensivo -to
true taste as they are incompatible with r"
true dignity She has justly earned for j
nerscit as proud a name in the world, that
her Institutions need no false tinsel to set -them
off, nor ber high personages any bar
barous and antique offices, to shelter them
fronj general observance, or to give them -'
factitious elevation. Tho period of mysS1
uncnuon w passing awaj. .. t .
THE Sin-TREIS III V HILL. .
AN ACT to provide for die collection,
s safekeeping, transfer, and disbursement
of tho public revenue: ,y 1
'Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United Statei' of m
America, in Congress- assembled, 'That
there shall be prepared and provided with-
in tho new Treasury building now erecting
ht the scat of Government, suitable and con-,
ycuient rooms for the use of the Treasurer
of -the United States, his assistants and
clerks; and sufficient and secure fire proof
vaults and safbsy for tlie keeping of the pub
lic moneys in the possession and under tho
immediate control of the said Treasurer;
which said rooms, vaults, and safes are
hereby constituted and declared to th0
Treasury of the United States." And tho
come to his hands in tlio Treasury of tho
uniicu otates, as Hereby constituted, un
til tho same are drawn therefrom according
to law. , . .
Sec.- 2. And be it further enacted, That
New Orleans, in the State of Louisiana:
and the vaults and safes thereof, rcspec.
tivcly, shall be places of deposite and. safe
keeping of tho public moneys at those points ?
respectively; and the Treasurer of the said
1 II . ... n 7
tlie Mint of tho United States, in Jhe cityj
of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylva."'
bia, and tlie Branch Mint, in the city of?
the time being, shall have the custody and "
eare 01 an puouc moneys deposited witliiu
the same, and sliall perform all tho duties
wwiuiivvl Tin fvirdminjl K,. lltAm In a .'.
lerence 10 me receipt, satekeeping, trans
for and disbursements of alf sueh mnnevs.
according to the- provisions ; hereinafter
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That
there shall be prepared and provided, within
thc custom houses now erecting in the city
of New-York, in the State ofNew York.""
and in tlie city of Boston, in the State of.
massacnusetis. suiiauH; "mi r"ivenien
rapiils fortlie use of tho receivers-general
of public monys, hereinafter directed to bo
appointed, at thoseplaccs respectively; and
sufficient and secure fireproof vaults and
collected and deposited with them, rcspec.
tively; and the receivers-general of public
money, from time to time, appointed at
tliosc points, shall have the custody and
care of thc said rooms, vaults, and safes,
respectively, and or .all thc public moneys
deposited witlu'n tlie same; and shnllperfornr
all tlie duties required to bo performed by '
them, fn reference to the receipt, safekeep
ing, transfer, and disbursement of all bach
moneys, according 10, uie provisions bt
this act ,: , -s j - - '.
tlie re shall be erected, prepared and pro
vided, at thc expense of thc United States,
at the city of Charleston, in the State of
South Carolina, and at tlie city of St Louis,
in tlie State of Missouri, offices, with, suita
ble and convenient rooms for tlie use of thc
? T f . I' f f
n.i:i inTyriH nn in iiiiiiiii-. iimmmiv lltircitlUI-
tcr directed to be appointed at the places
above-named; and sufficient and secure fire-
proof vaults and safesfor the keeping of tlie
public money collected and deposited at
those points respectively and the said re.
ceivers-general, from time to time appoint. '
ed at tltone places, shall liave the rnstody
so hi be erected. Drenared and nmvitled.
and of all tlie public moniesjdeposited within
ttun uinu! mill nhnlt nrlftrm nil tliA'itiitipa .
reeuired to be Dcrfonned bv them: in re. .
fprenccto flic receipt, safe-keeping, trans.
fer, and disbursement of all such moneys,
according to the provisions hereinafter coni
tained. , t- . w ' '
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, Tliat
the President shall nominate, and, by and
with the advice and consent of tho Senate;
appoint four officers, to be denominated
"reccivers-geneTalof public money,'" which
said officers shall hold their offices for the
term Of four ycarsTunless sooner removed t
thcrefromii one of which shall be located in,
the city of New York, in the State of New
York; One pther of which shall be located
in tlie city of Boston, in the State of Massa.
chusetts; one other of which shall be locc
ted at the city of Charleston, in the State of
South Carolina; and the remaining one of -jahich
shall be located at the gcity of St.
Louis, in the State of Missouri; 'and all of
which sakl bfficers shall give bonds to-.the
United States, with sureties according to
thc provisions hereinafter contained , for the
faithful discharge of thc duties oj their res
pectivc offices.' 4
Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
July 31, 1840, edition 1
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