Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.) /
Oct. 2, 1840, edition 1 /
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ASIIEVILLE, ftORTII CAROLINA,1 FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 2, 1810.
- mu " f - ' ' - -
-rr-! . - nublnheiUt Two
Hie" "" .nnUm. tn advance, or
Ha lobl'T-ntU all arrearages re Pld'
PJZ".?r :!Lat Tone wm
P "Li insnrtion. i j . .. .
;-k Aristotle fight, when he Jt re-
i',,e. n thnt nnvpr saw
, . wittily said to a niece of
1BWnwi , i,- !.
LA. who possess w f nv b
rV A.jihn name opinion: but,
Swv.tn acquaintance with pen
fft .ndthinir.of that sort, fa very apt
".T : :S. . No sooner
rrl.A- J-tHnhvaica. than we find
-a iiiiu a mi iwiA . .
HlDW"J " IT' V .;,!,
JSg that "Master Parson is really
L n .n "
f nr narf, 4avcAJugh. JpiJU0ll0f
UrAvMcal studies, think the science
U Wul one, because it teaches peo
,.' hat ,heer bodies Uiey arc. The on-
a' . J!AnnoA1 4 a Inv
objection is, they are uiapv v
sufficiently to heart, but continue
I .k,..! airs, lust as 11 some
p s"c :: i.-' m.i .... .-
.i:--,nllv someioiKS. "iuj u""
jtasidis.thc minister of Humkinyffle,
bere I lived in my youth, was onq 01 uiu
..-tanliVaieJII 111 V II K. 3 Ul Hfcviu i
odd cavil upon the ninth part of a hair
ond niiidditie," nominalism
nd realism, free will and necessity, with
t.lh mi nf jtrmflg te.U'--U V mm ins
U1V.M W". ......
s i L humnkins. Tbev never doubted that it
1 1 r . . . ... ;.L .1
aS true, Mt. wre apt log'j '"' "'"S
Id woman in Molicr :
C i bicn que icn'entcnd groutte.
I remember a conversation that happen-
it mv crandfathetV,jn which the Doc
khad some difficulty in mo king his meta.
hvcs "all as clear as preaching. : i nerc
mv erandfnther, vtdchetl my-grana.
ther Uncle Tim, who was tlie greatest
taodrfd raising; onions in our part of tlte
ountrv. but "not knowing metaphysics,
dad no notion of the true reason of his not
Icing sod i" my aunL judy Keturah Titter.
ell, who could knit stockings like all pus.
lest, but could not syllogize ; Malachi
Atuegs, our hired man, that drove the oxen,
ad Isaac iurashcr, the district schoolmas.
t, who bad dropped in to warm his fin.
ten and get a drink of cider. Something
jH-as under discussion, and my grandfather
Irouldmake nothing of it ; but the Doctor
a . . . - . ..
ww it was "metaphysically true.
"Fray, poctor, said Uncle Tim, "tell
ne something about metaphysics ; I have
Ilea beard of that science, but never for
W life could find out what it was."
"Metaphysics, said the Doctor, "is the
pcience of abstractions."
"I'm no wiser for that explanation,"
saw Uncle 1 im.
Ittremts,5 said thfr Doctor "of matters
most profound and sublime, a little difficult
Ip.iiMp iur cuiiiiiiuu iiuciievi ur ou uii
hooled capacity to fathom, but not the
,.0,0 t. :...n. ..
imponani, on that account, to ail living
beings." . ; ;
w hat does it teach T" asked the school.
"It iDot nnnlied an mnrh tn tlie oners.
j I i - j
Hon of teaching," answered the Doctor, "as
'hat of inquiring ; and the chief inquiry is,
whether things are or whether they are
don't understand the nnosllon." said
Uncle Tim, takiriir the nine out of his
mouth. ' . '
"Forexamnle. whether this enrth on
which we tread " mid tho TWtnr
Javy stamp on the floor, and setting hie;
foot slap on the cat's tail, "wheithnr this
"rth does really exist, or wliether it docs
w exist." -
That is a point of considerable consc.
pence to settle "said
"Especially " snid th anKokl
ll.-.L L .. " - - ,
uw RoMera of real estate.111
u "Now the earth," continued the Doctor,
"wj wc w . i
AY ho lheqogs doubted-that r-asked
A great many men." il Ko rw
ind some very learned ones."
Uncle Tim stared a moment, snd then
bPgan to fill up his pipe, whistling the tune
r"n Martin, while the Doctor
"CHI Oil. , y
The earth I n.. ' 'v.
thop Barklev 1in. nJ k..' ,1 n .
55 gm41faying or enial, that it does not
The case is clear ; the only difficul
ty M n L .1 . .. J" ..
J ' w wnciner we shall believe
or not" . ,
i j i : . -
,1 . , "-" MTO yuuu X 1111, IS all
Alia nniv " mt.t,tt TT 1 r: i? ti
-"looe toundoutT". , i ; . ,
ni?5'"? down to first princt
Pie," said the Doctor. 1
"J. inlpminlorf f (i.i '
. - f - 'um.ig, mere la
equal to the spade and pickaxe."
I hat ttrueiraid mffiirtT--
S Maiachr, way, " lis by digging for
the foundat we th-
if,rrfld exi8ta or not i for, if we dig
ro u bottom of the earth and finA rA
in. m . ' ' J ft-MS- ,
wn, why then we are sureofitBut if
wn u '"wation, it is clear that the
wor?.'?STllnothinS' or in o'
forTil - ? a 001 8tand at It 5 there.
! iima io reason - -
I beg your pardon," - interrupted tlie
Doctor, "but you totally mistake me ; I use
the word digging metaphorically, meaning
tho profoundest cogitation and research in
to the nature of things. , That is the h way
are , or whether they are not." , ,
"But if a man cant believe his eyes,"
said Uncle Tina, "what signifies talking
about it 7" f : ". .
"Our eves." said the Doctor, are no.
thing at ail but the inlets of sensation, and
when we see a thing, all we are aware of is,
that we have a sensation of it ; we are not
sure that the thing exists. - We are Sure of
nothing that we see with our eyes."
"Not without spectacles, said Aunt Jtr.
Vl'lato, for instance, maintains that tne
sensation of any object is produced by a
perpetual succession of copies, images, or
counterfeits streaming off from the object
to the organs of sensation. Descartes, too,
has explained the matter upon the principle
of whirligigs." '. ' i',
"Hut docs the world exist T asked the
."A good deal may be said on both sides,"
replied the Doctor, V though the ablest
heads are for no existence." ' ' , X
. n i tt i lTbe TetPran Oon. (inine uout in lonr letter,
Inwrnmoivcases, aaid-UiwleTimrF-i.,, to (b. ;. of tki. Sute nd
those who utter nonsense are consdered
blockheads." ' .
'Rut in motnhtivaim.n an ill ttw Doctor.
i.i : n
" Now all this U hocus nocus to me," said
Aunt Judv, siwpcndinc her knitting work,
and scratching licr forehead with one of the
noddles. "1 don t understand a bit more
of the business tlmn I did at first.
" I'll be bound there is many , a learned
profisor,"said Uncle Tim, "could say the
same after spinning a long yarn of nicta
physics."" -J '
1 he Lkicter did not admire this fine at
may be," said he ; "this thing or that tlung
may be dubious, but what then I Doubt is
toe begining of wisdom.
"No doubt of that," said my grandfather, j -
beginning to poke the fire , " but when a map I
has got through his doubting, w hat does
he begin to build upon in the metaphysical
way!" , . r.
'why, he begins by taking something
for granted," said the Doctor.
But is that a sflre way of going to
Tis the only tiling he can do,' replied
the Doctor ,aftcr a pause, and nibbing his
forehead a if he was not altogether satisfi
ed that his foundation was not a solid one.
My grandfather might have poised him with
another question, but he, poked the fire and
let hinrgo on- , :
"Metaphysics, to speak exactly -"Ah,"
interrupted the .schoolmaster,
"bring it down to vulgar fractions, and then
..u.ii i . i :. - - -v
WIl'lll UIIUCIBL.1IIU 1U ..
"Tis the consideration of immateriali
ty, or tlie mere spirit and essence ol
things." - .
Uome,ome, said Aunt Judy, taking a
pinch of snuff,' now I sec intoiu .
" t hus, man is considered, not in nis
corporeality, but in his essence or capabili
ty of being ; for a man metaphysically, or
to metaphysical purpo8esThath two natures,
that of spirituality and tliat of corporeality.
which may be considered separate. .
" w hat man i:.' asked uncie i im.
"Why any man ; Malachi there, for cx-
ample, 1 may consider mm as maiacni spi.
itual, or Malachi corporeal."
"That is true, ' said Malachi, "tor when
I was in the militia, they made me a six.
teen corporal, and 1 carried grog to the
drummer. ""T: :
4 That is another affair," said the Doc
tor, in continuation, "we speak of man in
his essence ; we 8peakslso i oflhe" essencej
of locality, the essence of duration
."And essence of pepermint, said Aunt
Judy. . - .'. '.,
,?Pooh I" said the Doctorr 'the essencej
mean is quite a different concern." -
," Something todrfine' to be T dribbled
through the worm of a still," said my grand.
"Then I am all in the 'dark again," re
joined AutJudv." - :
"By tlie spirit and essence 'ot things l
mean things in the abstract." . i
"And what becomes of a thing when it
gets into the abstract V asked Uncle
Tim.; .... . .
"Why, it becomes an abstraction."
"There we are again,-said Uncle Tim;
"but what the deuctis an abstraction ?".
"It's a thing that has no matter ; that is,
it cannot be felt; seen, heard, smelt or last-
ed ; it has no substance or solidity ; 11 13
neither Inrge nor small, hot nor cold, long
"Then what is the long and the short of
it T" said the schoolmaster.
!' Abstraction," replied the Doctor.
"I suppose.for instance,"' said Malachi,
"that I had a pictch fork
"Ay.'" said the Doctor., "consider a
pitchfork in general; that is, neither this one
nor that one, nor any particular one but a
pitchfork, or pitchforksf divested of their
materialitv these are things in the ab-
They aro tilings
"Pay," said Uncle Tim, "have there
been many such things discovered V.
"Discovered !" exclaimed the Doctor,
"why all things, whether in heaven or upon
the earth, or in the water under the earth,
whether small or great, visible or invisible,
animate or inanimate ; whether the eye can
see. or the car can hear, or the nose can
smell, or the fingers touch ; finally," what
ever exists or. ia imaginable in rerum matu
ra, past or present, or to come all may
Indeed !" said Uncle Tim, "pray what
do vou make of the abstraction of a red
cow f '
"X red cow," snid the Doctor, "consid.
ered metaphysically,; or as an abstraction
an animal possessing neither hide nor horns
bones nor flesh, but is the mere type, eido
lon, and fantastical semblance" op these
parts of a quadroped. Alt'!fias a shape with.
out any substance, and nocolor at all,- for
its redress is the mere counterfeit or ima-
Eination of such. "As it lacks the positive
so is it also deficient in the.ficcidental pro.
Eerties of all the animals of its tribe fcr.Jt
as no locomoUon, stability, ottnduimncev
neither eoes to pasture, gives milk, chews
the cud. nor performs any other function
of homed beasts, but is a mere creature of
the brain, begpttan by a freak of the Taney,
and nourished by a conceit of the imagination.-
"A ;oog'a foot !" exclaimed Aunt Judy,
"all the metaphysics under the sun would'nt
make a pound of butter.
"That's a fact !" said Uncle Tim.
Dtibliabed in the St. Louis Era. in fa tot of the
claims of hh old eompankm in mrjrw Gea. liar.
rison, for the Presidency. We desire to re-pub-
liah the enure letter, if we can find room in sea.
on. Meantime, we extract two or' three of the
closing paragraph : AoA. Whig.
" I have often been naked my opinion a to the
talent of Harrison at a statesman. I nply that
many of ms letters are to be found in almost every
reading room in the city or country, and at J am
sure be wrote few himself every thing tha ap-
pears as bit own production ; these, with his pub-
lie acts, will speak for him and do him justice.
Harrison, however, compared with either of the
Presidents for the taut twenty-three years, may be
considered eaual to the two first, and superior to
a slute-Miian,; and Iprclei 'him because he is Htbre
likely to follow the footsteps of Washington the
only one of all our great Executive chiefs who
proved nimteit lo De me rresiaeni oi uie unuea
States,- and- neyer never tha Prcsiilont juf a
eome now to mv last reason why I wish Gen
Harrison to be elected President of the United:
States. I believe that he will not treat any man.
nor any thing protected by the law of the land,
as a monster ; iand I believe that be will' consider
a Bank, retaining: all tlie rood, and rejecting all
the evil properties of the late Dank or Uie Uiulea
States, as necessary and proper for regulating the
currency, collecting; and disbursing the revenue,
and providing for the national defence, therefore
as strictly constitutional at it ia now admitted to
be constitutional for (congress lo pass laws autitor
hine the employment of steam power to facilitate
tlie movement of our vessels up the Mississippi
river, or to expedite our military and naval opera
tions against an invading foe. What do I say T
That Congress may constitutionally pass laws au.
tbonzinir the employment ol steam power to nas.
ten tne movement oi our pnvaie ana pumic limi
tary and Naval tliips and boats np the Mississip
. . i l -
pi river, or up the St. Lawrence or any other
riverT I have known some few it the votariee
of the spirit of party who would deny the Consti
tutional riirht of ConBTess to pass such law, and I
have no doubt but a board could be got up at the
Federal eity, who would endeavor to put me wrong
upon this point, by saying that the word Steam
power is no where to bo fonnd in the- Consiita
lion. "I can but reply that steam-power is neces
sary and proper to enable us to move as rapidly as
an enemy can move: and he Constitution ex
pressly gives Congress power To mmke mil law
" which thall be necessary and prefer for eatry.
u ing into ereeto r fmrgmmg pmT netted
-hy this etvtitutioa in tlte Government tha
t Untied State; or tn any department or office
"thereof." And as the constitution authorizes
Congress to declare war, and authorizes the Pres
ident to command the army and Navy and to re
pel invasion, we cannot in the present state of the1
world, prepare for the full and perfect protection
of the country without steam power, nor without
a national Bank.
I am often asked why I have always so strenu
ously opposed theeyil spirit of party. T.,TJie histo.
rr of the French Revolution will answer the
question. It ia not true that I have cyer opposed
that difference of opinion which has every where
nrevailed unonr the virtuous and wise, in the free
discussion of subjects depending upon well tested
principles; such, for example, as tnose wnicn an
imated our fathers of the Revolution. My oppol
sitkm is continued to that eyil jspirit of party
which my bla friend Jackson, in his best days, de
" A moxstek, of such hideous mr-in,
That, to be hated, needs but to be seen,
- Yet seen too oft, familiar with her face
Wa first endure, then pity, then embrace."
That evil spirit of party which sanctifies all
aorta of crime for the sake of the porty. That
evil spirit of party which boy and sells presses
and men who calf themselves free, bat prove to
be slaves and pirates who combine in covering
with the blackest detraction, iucn mm as James
Madison, Do Witt Clinton, IM I. White, Pe
ter B. Porter, and William H. Hrrrison.
EDMOND P. GAINES.
" I'ix voTauros a HOJtssT max." A sound
hearted old Democrat in every resjpect, aavs 4lie
Dn.knm U.tPluil fimnm.il inln tnn in
that town the other day, and was immediately
accosted by a Locofoco with
" Well, Air. B. they say you
Whig." - , -
" I know they do," replied Mr. B. "I never
said so." '"' -
wNo? I heard you did.
- It it not true. I only said I meant to vote
for an honest man next November."
This answer. .was . a. .sufficient confirnintion of
the report, and Sir. B. was quietly passed over to
the Whig ranks. .
Th CoNSWrncoT Mrrroa. A gentleman
who hat just returned from Stratford, Conn., state
that in the southern part of Trumbull, three miles
from where he was, a fragment of stone fell to
the earth, of the size of a peck, measure'. This
stone frll in a private path, ploughing along for
snMaA 1(savawsk s nl awmvKinv tK irrAM nil thr
VayT NotherTraphemXEatf asyet been found.
It M conjectured thai Uie ezplostuon oi uie ooay
of which this was a part, caused the "earth
quake" ft the 16th mlt.
' DCLaAT!i or IsoanejiDBScs. The Pliila.
dclphia Inquirer states that the manuscript of tlie
original Daclaratiofr of Independence, in the
hand-writing of Jefferson, with the mterlinea.
tions of Franklin and other members, ia in po4-
nainn of the American philosophical society of
that eity, and may be teen at their haJL
.TIR. (JHAUAH'S SPEECH.
SfEECH of Sr. GI1MI, of Nffrth Carolina,
On the Sub-TreaturyliilljAeliverfd in the
House of JirpresetUattteiJuneSOlhf
1840. ' , . x . ': r:
Mr. Sfeakeb: I appear in.tliis debate,
neither as the advocate of executive experi
ments, iwr of banks that have suspended
specie payment I desire good money for
the government, and uioney equally good
lor the people. 1 pc subject under discus
sion involves very important consequences;
it embraces the whole revenue of the (go
vernment, and affects tlie whole currency
of tlie country. . It is a delicate, difficult,
and deep question: touching we -pockets
and pocket-boi)kg, the prices and property,
ot fifteen viiUimi of individuals.- The ning.
nituuc ot the greut interests and the happu
ness of tlie great - number of , persons in
volved , should induce us to reflect and con
sider well tb3 nature and, co'nseqteffices of
this measure. We are asked, by tlie Pre
sident, to throw away the experience of
half a century, and to discard the opinions
and laws of the purest patriots and wisest
statesmen, who have administered this Uo
verninent since the revolution. .
Sjr, I am distrustful of too many experi
mentswhen you try an experiment on a
dog or cat, or some insignificant animul,' I
nave no opiection : out wncn you senousiy
propose an experiment ..upon all the money
and property and happiness of fifteen mill
ions of reople, 1 require strong arguments
and convincing reasons to satisfy my mind
that it should be adopted and tried
Let us examine and analyze tins new . fi
Tlte Sub-treasury proposes two things
1st. No bank notes shall, after a certain
day, be received, kept, or paicjjojrtby the
United States but that all money collected
from the. tax-paying people, shall be paid
2d. That all banks be discontinued and
prohibited froni becoming the fiscal agents
and depositories ol the public money; and
that nereuner au puouc money simu oe coi
.i . ' lt"'H': -v.Ll- ..I
lee ted, kept, transfered, and disbursed," by
officers appointed by the President, respo-
sible to him, and removable at his pleasure.
In short, that the United States shall, be
a hard money government in all its Brian
cialaffuirs; and that the President shall
appoint all those who keep and handle the
I cannot support this measure, and oplimillioiis.
pose it because, in my jungemeni,
. . i . i
It is impracticallc ; the metallic money
is too scarce.
It will monopolise and take nearly one
half of all the gold and silver coin from the
people, and give exclusive privileges to the
President and his federal officers and
It -will operate injuriously upon all the
banks and bank notes in circulation, which
now constitute tie principal and actual cur
rency of the people, the States, and -the ter
It will wantonly impair and destroy credit
It will unjustly interfere with the. rela
tions and contracts between debtors and
creditors,, makings fly qwawa of late, the
creditors richer, and the debtors poorer
without any merirofthe first, or any fault
of 4he Inst : and thereby the rich will be
made richer, and the poor poorer.
,,Jt will diminish and reduce the price, of
wages, of produce, of property , and of a
articles of trade and merchandise made in
our own country j wliile'forcign goods will
retain tlieir present pricesahd thereby we
shall be obliged to sell low and buy high.
It will give two currencies-the better
one for the President and federal ortice,
hoders,and the baser for 4lie peopleand
It will be unspfc. -
It will be-dangerous to liberty, and give
kingly powers to the President, and destroy
the checks and ballanccs of the constitu
I will endeavor to demonstrate 1 the pro
positions? and prove the objections I have
niade to this bill- - -.
Let us first enquire in; , relation to the
rwnys and means, and ascertain, if U be
practicable, where, when, and now, -snail
we procure and command a sufficient abun
dance of the precjous metal, to answer and
supply the financial funds v and necessary
d miuids for the use of the Government t
nTrTFpeakerTTTlve lilTlteolcl-TCgiarr in
North Carolina, and have the honor to re
present one of the richest gold- mining dim
frrci in the United States. I feel a deep
solicitude for the prosperity of gold mines;
and the profits of, gold mines ; and, there,
fore, the first term I had a sent in Congress,
(in 1833-'34) I introduced a resolution to
establish a branch of tho Mint to coin gold
in North Carolina. During that term,
Congijess' passed a law to erect branch
niints in North Carolina and Georgia, in
the heart and centre of the gold region, Ho
encourage and stimulate the miners to
work hard, dig deep, and convert our na
tive gold into American coin, that it might
rircnlnte in our own country, and prevent
its exportation to foreign countries. 1 he
same Congress authorized the erection of
another branch mint at INew Ur leans, to
enable our Government and citizens to pro
cure and command all the bullion, or bars
(gold and silver they could from foreign
countries, and convert that also into our
constitutional coin. At the same time
Congress passed a law, fixing the valde of,
- : -.( v'. "
certain foreign coins, and declaring the
same a legal tender. Now, sir, I have
been it faithful ,(tllow -laborer in all the, le
gislation of Copgress, since I firsf took my
seat, to develope the rich resources, and
valuable treasures of our own mines, anil
to convert pur native precious metals into
coin,; and I have also cordially co-operated
in trying to command all we could froin
V ell, sir, you perceive my inclination,
my location, and my duty, all prompted and
conspired to stimulute die to seek and find
all' the gold and silver we could conimand
for currency and circulation. Now, after
laboring and legislating diligently to get
all we can find, and keep all we can com.
mand, bow much. have we got? - After
digging and washTitij the deposile minei ; af
ter carefully searching all the rem mir.es at
iiumc, buu uenving an uie specie we ran
obtain from foreign nations; then, what is
the whole aggregate amount of gold and
silver coin in tlie United States ? After all
our! toil and trouble, we have about seven,
ty or eighty millions of dollars in specie.
Many able financiers say less no well in
formed man says more--though all admit
we are indebted to Europeans for ten. or fif
teen millions of specie, which is borrowed
money. ' However, to. illustrate my argiK
ment, and test the principle of this bill, 1
will take tlic( whole amount of specie in
this country ai" eighty millions of dollars.
Now, what is'the number of the whole pop.
ulation of the United States and her territo
ries 1 All will agree at least fifteen mill
ions, and 1 take that number, thus we
have eighty millions of dollars to be divided
among fifteen millions of people. I hope
no one, w ho is a republican in principle and
practice, will object to ah equal division,
equal rights, equal laws; and equal money.
out, sir, in an courtsoi justice uuu equity,
we are required to be just before we are
. ywWMwJlAlllI, mil dalitffl hllfnrn ll l
receive our distributive, shares, and take
our proportion of any common fund. The
afuiual expenditure of the General Govern.
ment is a debt, and charge on this eighty
millions so we-must learn subtractiou be
fore we work equal division. What is,he
aggregate amount of the annual expendi
tures of the Federal Government! During
the three years of President Van Buren's
administration, the expenditures have been
upwards of thirty-seven millions of dollars
frery year, (and, indeed, during the year
1838, they were more than thirty-nine
I These charges and expenditures are ex
fravagantly hiiih, ond look like giving one-
half of a jinan's estate to manage the oth
er but the account it as been so footed up
and paid. I know the friends of the ad
ministration say , they are going to reduce
these extravagant expenditures but, ofler
so many promises, and so few performan
ces, " I would rather see than hear tell of
that." To explain my views, 1 will reduce
the annual tax , and public expenditure
down to thirty-five millions, which is two
millions less than it has been in any one of
Uie lost three years. ,
Put down eighty and subtract thirty-five
from it, and forty-five will be the sum re
maining for division among fifteen millions
of people. How often will fifteen go into
forty-live, by fair-division 1 Three limes
exactly, and no more. Mr. Speaker, I have,
by facts and figures, been trying to test and
analyze the Sub-trcasusy system, and see
its practical operation and general bearing
and alter counting more., spvcic man
tliere is in the country ; aftr reducing the
public expenses less than they have been
during any one year of Mr. Van Buren's
administration ;;nnd after estimating our
population at a less number than the proba
ble reality still there orebutfAree dollars
in hard money left and allowed -to each in
dividual in the United states. lurecool
lars on7u is a small sum to support any hu
man being for one year!! ! Eighty millions
of money is, in my judgment, not enough
for the necessary purposes ot the uovern
ment and the people. It is not enougl), in
times of trial and peril, for the Government
alone. " ..
At the close of the last war, whichxtcr
minated in 1815, this nation had incurred a
public debi omouiitiflgto about one hundred
andthirtu millions of dollars, when there
was not more than about twenty millions
of specie in tho United States. To have
paid that large debt with tliat Utile sum of
specie would have been impossible, put it
lias been satisfied and extinguished Jy the
use and payment of bank notes. The
friends of liberty-in our revolution never
could have conquered the British, and
achieved our glorious independence, by
collecting and disbursing hard money only
to sustain the cause of freedom. Our pure
patriots of 1?76 could not have successful
ly cbptended and continued their noble
struggle for seven months, (instead of sev
en years,) by the exclusive use oflhe me
tallic currency. We have now no foreign
war; still, patriotism! and self-security ad
monish and warn us, lin 7eace to prepare
for warand the very fact that we are
ready and "pre pa red, may save us from ma.
ny bloody wars. Money is the sinews of
war: and you can no more defend the lib
erties of tlie republic without money, than
vou can without men ahaunltionSotwar.
It is the duty of tlie' Government to be al
ways ready for any event or conflict If
our country were again engaged in a bel-
ugerent contest with some powerful loreyjn
foe, where would the President and the ad-
Jvocates of this measure find the necessajy
J way and means to defend the nation with
hard money alone? Would they tell our
; : . . '
gallant officers and soklierslyou must not
fight and defend the country, unless vou
get hard money; and that it, ia mconstitu.
tkmai to recede any kind of paper curren
cy? Or, would they U?1I the people, the
."constitution is made of India rubber, and
that it is unconstitutional to take paper cur-
reiicy in ume oi peace, out that It is consti
tutional in time of war? Suppose our fa
thers in the revolution, and in the last war,
had refused io fight the battles of liberty
untihud unless They-weVe i paid in -silver
dollars and gold coin; then the American
eagle never would, nor could, have con.
qu :red tlie British lion, and this free coun
try would yet have remained colonies de. ;
pendant on old England. Suppose, during
tlie first or last war, some papcr-hating and
hard money-loving statesman had serious,
ly proposed to Congress to conduct and
carry on the war by tlie use and medium
of specie only ; how many advocates would
nc naveiouadf IN one. in tae reoubl can
ranks. Such a man would have hn
marked and set down as the enemy of liber
ty, who was plotting treason against this
republic, oucn a man would not have
been culled a whig, because it was impos.
sible to collect from the people specitei
enough to pay the army and navy and civil
list.- i ne adoption ot such a policy Tvould
substantially and virtually have struck our
flag, and surrendered our .country, -to the
government of a king; '' K'-tlife days that
tried men's souls, the question was, will you
nave uuerjy ana creau, or tyranny and no
credit? When a great juestion"6T liberty
was involved, our lofty patriots did not stop
to count the cost, or to weigh dollars arid :
cents in golden scales. No', indeed. If they
had stopped fighting when the hard money
gave out, and had not been permitted to uso
credit, a foreign tyrant's hoofs would even
now be walking rough-gliod over the rights
T i.l iyy ngnn n..rn p f..eta figarfifl,
and ascertain the perrpteV-portion of the
specie currency, and see how it will af
fect and operate upon4he business, trade,
ond industry of the country. After the
payment of the public taxes, and annual de.
mands of the General Government, (in
timeof peSKCTTnind you,)1 we saved and
retained, out of eighty millions, three do-
lars in siker Or specie to each individual in
the JUirited States. - Docs any reasonable
man, not blinded by party prejudice, seri
ously believe three dollars, and no more,
will answer and transact the business of any
individual! Will civilized freemen be con
tent and satisfied with that small sum of mo
ney t I answer for my constituents and
myself, no, never. It will not buy food, or
clothing, for one person. will not even
pay taxes. It will afford no money to sus
tain and facilitate -trade and commerce.
Where are we to procure funds to purchase
the necessaries and comforts of life, salt,"
iron, sugar, coffee, and many other articles?
How is the capital and currency to be ob-.
tained, to purchase tlie cotton of the plan-
ter, the grain ol tlie tanner, the wares of
the manufacturer, and the goods of the
merchant ? Si r, f am- opposed to retro 7
gading and returning back to a semi-savage
state of society, living on black broth,
wearing rude undressed skins, and .using
meta money as the only currency." Such
notions jire too ante-dejuvian, too far be
hind the improvements ,of the age. " We
want more currency ; our share of eighty '
millions (without giving a dollar to support
Government,) is still too little ; far less
than the necessary wunts and just business
of agriculture, -manufactures, and com
merce.require and demand. To whom
shall the people loot, if they do not look to
Government ,for a good currency I In ev
eryciviized country, it is the duty and
high prerogative of Government to fix the
standard value of money, and to control
and reguTate the currency. Twoofthe 3
great obiwts for which Government was
instituted are, to furnish a uniform, sound
currency to the people in the transaction
of their lawful business, und to prevent im.
position and speculation by the circulation
of a depreciated currency. - We have tried
to introduce gold ami silver into more gen
erol'circulution, still there is a great scarci
ty, and not enough to .answer the purposes
of flic Government and the people. -Now
what -is to be done T'i will not wage war
against a wise Providence, because the
precious nu-tnls arc so scarce. and hard to
find, and because we cannot fill the pockets
of even' body with gold and silver.
Mr: Speaker, I hold these propositions
tliat Government is a a triwl to be admin
istoJndftnpropgrfy to be enjoyed
that tlie trustees are in duty bound to ad.
minister it for the general benefit of the nin
ny, and not for the particular interest of
tlie few.j that we are bound to do some.,
thing fort the" people, as well, as for our
selves ; "that we are bound to furnish a
good currency to assist the just opera,
tions of Government, and to aid the peoplo' 1
in their lawful trade and business ; and that
they are entitled, to'the'saine kind of mo,
ney with ourselves, whatever that may be
ThBTrJio other invidious distinction be
tween ofliceliolders and taxpayers should be
tolerated. Let the Government make, or
cause to be made, a sufficiency of good
money, and use no more of it than is abso-
lutcly ntcrfiriVano1 let theiwmiifldere;
very same kind of money stay in the pock
ets of the people to swell and fill the chan
nels of trade and commerce, and whenev
er we should become involved in war, then
the pockets of the people would freely and
fully supply the treasury pf the nation, just
as the arms of freemen would defend the
country. Is thrre a member here who is
L - M 1 V ' - ....
Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
Oct. 2, 1840, edition 1
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