j ,. . -,
' comparatively lew, tlie salaries low;, awl
the expenditures of the Government, in
cluding the amount annually paid on ac
- count of the pubjic debt, were about one
third .of the anuunt afterwards expended by
President Jackson, when the public debt
was discharged. , Men were'selected to fill
nffimiyi th nrinr-.inln rf Mr lufTannn Via'
cause they were faithful and honest, and re.
taincd as Ions at they remained so. Pro.
scription, under the paltry arid deceptive
guise of reform, was unknown; and Mr.
Tvdanis was, in fact, the President of the
Nation, and not of a party, as his successor
had promised, but failed to be. The ap.
(ointment of .Mr. Clay, to be. Secretary of
... - . 7 ? - ' J ' I I-
ouiie, was seizea upon as an evidence 01
" bargain and corruption,'1 and this outcry
was reechoed and repeated, with a species
of cuckoe frequency, till theTeo(de began'
to credit the silly Blunder, and believe in
the corruption of one of tlie purest Ad.
ministrations with which this country had
perhaps ever been blessed. The party be.
came in facjUhe party of a man pd not of
yiiH:iiRjs. n was empimucaiiy me Jticg
. i . . . . - .1 r f
mm yuny, iiavmg lis ueginning in ana mov
in;? and breathing through, Jackson alohei
It is true that all the arts, deceptions and
irmnecuvers or the mere politician were re.
sorted to and practised by those who advo.
cated his. pretensions "to the high office to
which they ."wished to elevate him;' unfit
- was the man, and not the principle, whom
they in reality supported, 'and aroud.whom
they rallied as their id A and their cljief.
jvnowing, too, mat names are olten more
,; eflocu've with the people than truths, they
had the baldness to claim to bo the exclu.
hive Democrats, and to constitute the pure
democracy of the country. The Atftninis.
1 ration of Mr. Ailnma wa n ronulilw'-nn Al.
ministration, and the republicans, or dent.
ocratsol the old school, were its suppart.-
ers ana menus, out alter tins new party
started into life they found, to their aston
ishment, that, though' adopting the theories
anq pursuing the principles by which all
- tlie republican Presidents had heretofore
been governed, they no longer belonged to
the democracy of tho country, but were
classed among and denounced as federal.
1st and aristocrats. .The principles which
they had adopted-were those of Jeffcrson
and Madison. Their" republicanism was
based upon tho Constitution thyy were
iimlousof and inimical to. cvercrown Exec.
HlilMtA'lttrop 9 Ami th Htftftfiti. ami frlnnAa
uf the equal rights of 4he People and of a
fair and equal Ir'preserTlationV which should
not be controlled by Executive influence.
" When these principles arc compared with
those adopted by what was called the demo
cratic Administration of Jacksod-if, in.
deed, it was governed by any fixed prioci
pics at all munkind will bo astonished at
the blind infatuation and delusion which
could lead an intelligent People to believe'
in the democratic feelings of a man -who
had assumed all the powers of the Govern,
inufit, legislative and judicial, as well -as
executive --violated Ihe'CinstUution . and
laws of his country : treated as enemies his
countrymen forexcrcising tho privilege "of
thought and of action, to which, as free
men, they were entitled ; trampled under
foot the rights of his fellow-citizens ; treat,
cd with scorn and contempt tlie privileges
of the other co-equal and co-ordinate branch,
cs of the Government; and had even gone
so far as to dictate his successor to the na.
tion. i Party feeling is too apt to wrap the
judgment, and hence evils are tolerated
which would not otherwise be allowed to
- esisft 4n were'miaiea and grossly de
ceived. ; Where ignorance did not prevail
. the tiitterucss. of party animosity, or tho
equally potent influence of self.iuterest and
ambition, directed and impelled those to
action who would otherwise have seen -no.
thing ta complain of, and would have been
disposed rather to applaud than to condemn
the administration ot men whose motives
, were "patriotic and ' virtuous, and whose
minds were Admitted to be enlightened and
vigorous. , . " . -
The friends of Gen. Jackson In toth
H iuses of Congress, continued, during the
" whole Presidential term of Mr. Adams, to
pour out their anathemas, to propagate all
that was calculated to excite and mislead
- thfr puWie-mind j an444abor-with-4inceas-ing
assiduity , to undermifc and destroy his
. Administration. The first subject of com-
Slaint was tlie. excessive patronage of the
Executive ; and, 'with a view to its limi
tation and reduction, a committee was rajs.
A in the Senate, in 1826, at the instance
o( Thomas H. Benton, to inquire into the
.expediency of reducing'' U. This com
inittee consisted of Messrs Benton, Van
iurenrT R. jtt.-' jonnson, niacun, mm, t
Findlay, Dickerson, Holmes, and uayne,
who made a report on the subject, , from
which a lew extracts may be taken to show
the difference between the theories and prac-
ticcs dpollticiana when In power and when
j out of power . !
The committee In this report express
their" conviction" that'the patronagef
the Executive " way and ought to be dimin
- ished." They claim for the Senate the
control ov r appointments to office, and as
sert that it would be acting in the spirit of
the Constitution in laboring to multiply the
guards and to. 'strengthen the barriers
against the possible abuse of power. . The
' report speaks of the number of office-hold-;
: ers as being veryjarge and still rapidly in.
creaamsr.and maintains inai - eacn person
'employed will have a circle of greater or
less diameter of which he is the centre and
soul a circle composed of friends and re.
lations and of individuals employed by him
, self on pUbhcW on private account." It
proceeds to dell upon the alarming and
ecative patronage. atw points out precise
' " ... - .
"ry UiestaterofnWngs-which subsequently
existed during the Admlnrstration oi rresu
dent Jackson. " The power of patronage"
the author of the report observes. " unless
thecked by the vigorous interposition of
Congress, must go on increasing until t ed.
eral influence, in many parts of this Con.
federation , will prtdominaU in elections as
omoletelv as British Influence, predomln.
atcs in the elcctionj-of Scotland and Ireland
in rotten borough towns, and in tlte great
naval stations ot Portsmouth and Plymouth.
He takes it for granted that the whole of
this great power will centre in the President
and proceeds to put the nation upon its
guard against this danger
" The King of England is the ' fountain
of honor; the President of the United
States is the source of patronage. . lie pre
mi-isa fiv& v trsa sTintino stuff
pointihents, jobs, and contracts:' he has
4 power' over the 1 support' of the Individu',
als who administer thcreystern. He makes
and unrgpkes them. lie chooses from the
circle of his friends and supporters, and
may dismiss them, and, upon all the princi
pies of human action, will dismiss them,
as often as they disappoint his expectations.
tits spirit will animat their actions in all the
elections- to Slate and Fedtral offices.
There may be exceptions, but the truth of a
general rule is proved by the exception-
The intended check and control of the Sen
ate, uniAoui new constitutional or statutory
provisions, trill cease to operate. Patron
age will penetrate this 5drf,subdue its ea-
vacitu of resistance, chain it to the car of
power, and enable the President to rule as
easily and much more securely with than
without the nominal check of the Senate'1'
" We must look forward to'.the time when
the nomination of the President can carry
any man through the. Senate, and his re
commendation can carry any measure.
through the two. Houses of Congress ; when
the-principle of public action will be open
and avowed the President wants my vote,
and I want hi patronage ; I will vote as he
wishes, and he will give me the office I wish
for. What will this be but the Govern
ment of one man 7 and what is the Uovern
ment of one man but a monarchy T" "
This. was followed tip in the, House of
Representatives by a resolution introduced
by Mr;Saundere7oTIJcitB13arolina, cajl
ing upon the Secretary of State to. report
whatchanijes had been made in tlie news.
papers which printed the laws, and his rea
sons for such changes. It was asserted By
tho mover of this resolution that this system
of removal was " calculated to operate, anew
did actually operate, as far as it went, to
control the freedom of the press, and to en.
list throughout the country that powerful in.
strument in behalf of tho yiews of the State
Department. In this respect it was much
more effectual and much more dangerous
It was further contended by Mr.
fon, of South Xtaroliua, Uiat..TUho'-Mr-T
two presses (the number uien employed to
Eublish the laws of the United States) would
e put on the diet of a wholesome regimen.
1 ne sturdy and independent would be turn
ed out to be fed on such offals as they might
be able to pick up, until tlie whole pack
should open in full and harmonious cry, in
one common note, fwm the sturdy mastiff
that howls at the door of the Treasury to
the most starveling turnspit that barks on
the furthorest verge of our frontier." " If
(lie continued) the Secretary of State can
so apply the patronage of the Government
as" nourish to venal accord , eighty-two
presses in our country to praise every thing
the-Administration should dot and subject
their proprietor to the punishment of the
loss of this patronage if they dare to cen
sure its measures, this forms distinctly a
Government presV, which is more alarming
to the liberties of the People than the organ.
ization of the whole of Gen. Brown's army
of 6,000 men, formed into the guard of the
palace. Such were the language and
sentiments of thefrienda of the nan who
succeeded in being elevated to the Execu.
tiye chair sentiments whir.h they found it
convenient to forget or disregard when
power was placed in their hands, and when
they had an opportunity to exhibit their sin-
cerity and tlie purity of their intentions:,:
It willMaeenia the history of the Admin,
istralion of President Jackson how grossly
the patronage of the Government was abus
ed, now tho press" wassubsidized, now
recklessly men were thrown out or elhce,
and others paid for their party devotion,
and how wantonly tho public money .was
expended without a murmur of complaint
from those who had so eloquently lamented
over and portrayed the dangers" wliich
threatened the liberties of the country from
utive of the nation. I he expenditures ot
The following devetapmenta made by an tditor
who-bad belonged to the Jaekaoa parlvbtit
whose conscience and independence of mind wotttd
not suffer him to be a quiescent tool in the bandi
of designing demagoaea, will ahow to what ex.
tent the party, wben anconslul, earned taeir pro.
fligate and ambitious views s
" A small band of desperate men," says the ed.
itor of tits Punosylrautaa in 1834, then the lead.
ing Administration paper in Philadelphia, - under
the Excitement and Inumpn or his (Jackson's;
election, having succeeded to worm themselves
into the subordinate offices at Washington, bare
availed themselves of that popularity anc) success
to create one of the moat ferocious tyrannies Uiat
ever reared it head in a country calling itself tree
and intelligent. During the last two or three
yean, this unseen and irresponsible body of indi
viduals, contesting principally of subordinate offi
cers of the Executive 4iorernmcnt at Washington
and elsewhere, have created j eonfedermey and
organized a power which has for its purpose an
entire change in the Government of the United
States, as established by the patriots of the Revo,
lution, and guarantied by, the principles of the
existing Constitution. .This irresponsible cabal,
who control and write for the official journal, call,
ed the Globe, have made in twelve months more
ranid strides to subvert public liberty, destroy the
checks of .the Constitution, degrade Congress,
disgrace the Cabinet, tubvtrt lie hnerry of th
ureas, than a militarr leader, with fifty thousand
bayonets at his back, could hare achieved in 20
years. One of the principal elements of this eon.
spiraey is the orgtaixalion M. tks goeernmnt nffi.
cert and tkt mnepaptr frtn throughout the conn,
try, in the shape of. a permanent i body of police,
empowered to circulate the decrees of the central
conspirators, denounce toe refractory, destroy ine
nower ana preiwiun ai ine urcuura wiumui
the slightest regard to the Constitution or laws of
the country. The Globe la the organ of tbe prime
conspirators. Its principal editor is Amos Ken
dall, Fourth Auditor. He is the master-spirit of
the eonfederaey, and contrives a well as executes
the reneral plans of spoliation, and.Me individual
executioner of the refractory, be be either Cabinet
minister, memoerot tongress, or newipoper edi
tor. When a new editor or any standing or taj.
enta begins business, be is bwuedUtely writtca to
by the oonsptrators at Washington, In the same of
the President, or oi tne reepuoircan-party, ana a
core i rakcd ut tor ha pcil fuidncc."
the Government were at this time consid
ered so alarming and enormous that a com.
fnittee of retrenchment was' raised in the
House, in 1828, consisting of seven meni
bers, five of whom were the fnendsof Gen.
Jackson, to consider and report upon the
subject.' I ne.resull of their investigation
was, that the expenditures were unneceasa.
rily great, and ought to be reduced; that
tlie officers of the Government were too nu
merous; the expenses or Congress; too
heavy, and tlie sessions too long ; that these
should be reduced by making the compen
satjon of the members, during the first ses
sion of each Congress, two dollars) per diem
and that this was all that could be done un.
til the friends of reform should be put in the
possession of power. These reports were
published in great numbers by the two.
Houses, at the public expense, and ind
triously spread over every habitable portion
of the Union. Members assiduously em
ployed themselves in .franking these and
other party slanders, prepared by tlie Cen
tral Committee of the District of Columbia
and transmitting them to all . who would
read. For this duty many of them- were
afterwards rewarded with office. In the
Senate, Mr. Benton, chairman of the com
mittee already mentioned , reported, in
1820, several bills, among which were one
toTegulate the publication of (he laws of
the United states and of public advertise,
ments, by which the selection was to be
made by the Senators and Representatives
from each State, and the delegates, from
the Territories; and one to secure in offi
ce faithful collectors, dec., which provided,
among other things, that mil nominations
made by the President to fill vacancies oc
casioned by removal should be accompa
nied by a statement of the reasons for
which the officer bad bert removed. As
soon, however, as the Jackson TSTrty came
Into powerT11 a change came overlhe spirit
of their dream," and th Secretary of Stnte
was allowed to subsidize or "control tlie
freedom of the press" to any extent he
pleased, without the least objection or the
slightest breath of censure froralhe party
which had succeeded ; and when the oppo
sition requested to know the reasons of the
wanton and unprecedented removals of
meritorious officers'! from public employ,
ment by President Jackson , his supporters
were filled with i ndignntion at the insolence
of such a request, and declared thafthe Ex
Ilamil-jofCongress, and 'that-if he were guiltxpr
any uuenieanor jCtlie xonstitutionalaad
only remedy was impeachment.
As an illustration of the contrast present
ed between the prbmises and perforrnances
of the party which subsequently succeeded
in acquiring the control of the Government ,
it may be proper togive here a lew indis
putable facts. Tlie number of publishers
of the laws was increased from 82, to 110,
and all, as far as practicable, supportera of
the Administration; the appointments of
members oi Congress were greater tlian
those of all preceding Adminwt rations to
gether; the number of custom house officers
which had been complained of by tho com.
inittee of the Senate in 1 820 , had increased
from 174 to 414, and the compensation
from 119,062 39 to $109,669 32, in ad.
dition to which they wero allowed in New
York, in 1828, upwards of $53,000. -The
expenses of collecting the revenue of the
United States had increased from $889,.
327 in 1828 the last year of the Adminis.'
tration of Mr. Adams, to $1,414,528 in
1836, the last year of the Administration of
President Jackson, being an average annual
increase of upwards of $75,000, with a
diminution rather than a corresponding in
crease in the business of the, custom-house
department, and the whole annual expendi
tures of tho Government had increased in
a A w years from $12,163,438 to upwards
of $26', 000,000.
The clamor set up about retrenchment
and reform, was nothing more than mere
party along, and only used for party pur.
poses. It had no reality, and was not in
tended to be carried out. Tho object of the
opponents of President Adams was the de
struction of his administration at all haz
ards, and by the employment of every
means within their power. . The opposi
tion was directed not against the impolicy
or oppression of measures or the- vice and
incompetency of men, but, as was" observed
on the floor of the House, by an eloquent
member from Baltimore, 'f It was a pre
meditated, forea vowed hostility to each and
every adherent of the Administration, and
to each and every measure it should pro
pose,"' and it was openly and profanely
declared that the Administration should be
assailed and destroyed though it were " as
pure a the nngels "artheTight-hand of
God.$ This was accomplished, and the
events and measures which have been at
tempted to be sketched in the following
pages will show tne evils which have reH
suited from too easy and implicit a belief
on the part of the People in the hollow pro
fessions and deceptive declarations of reck,
less politicians and. demagogues .whose
great aim was the acquisition of power, the
gratification of ambition, or the emolu
ments of office, without much regard to tbe
interests of their country, or the happi
nessand welfare of their fellow-citizens.
, A dry joke. A dry joke; as it is term
ed, sometimes furnishes as much food for
laughter as the lively repartee er well adapt
ed pun. An English paper sayazthat the
nime of a juror, on the list at the Court of
King s Bench, being called the other day,
upon not answering, the usual notice that
he would be fined was denounced against
him, upon which a person who stood by
very travely said' to the Court: "You may
fine htm as much ak-ou please, but IdoniX
think you wtu ever recover the fine, wn I
I saw faim buried about a week agq.!.
The Locofocos were but recently build
ing all their hopes upon the belief that Gen.
Harrison would not " come out," as they
expressed it Well, the General has come
out, and Van Burxn must go out
Reading only furnishes the mind with
materials of knowledge. Ti thinking
rnakeqwbfrt we read ours.
. LATE FROM TEXAS."
I3y. tlie arrival of the packet schr. Henry
Clay, from Galveston, which reached this
port last evening, we have Houston date to
the 14tb mat. ;
But little news of importance is received
by the arrival.
d The Houston Star of the 13th October
ti A gentleman who left tlie camp of the
Federalists on the ISeuces a few days since,
has informed us that the Federal army un.
derCanales recently overtook the rear
guard of Arista near Camargo, and after
a slight skirmish defeated it without any loss
on their parti ad captured sou men and all
baecage of the enemy. A large number
f good muskets and several pieces of ar.
tillery were also captured. Among the
prisoners was aq officer named Uriea, who
had aided in the massacre of Zapata, in
consequence of which he was executed.
Gen. Canales had succeeded in cutting off
Aru4a4rofn tlie road to Metantoras, and he
was therefore retreating with great precipi
tation towards Monterey ; the forces under
Cannles wereyithjn one day's march of
mm, ana were muKing every exertion io
intercept him on his route to Monterey.
The garrison at Metamoras consisted of
only 100 men, and as a detachment was
sent to capture the place', it has probably
fallen into the hands oi the federalists."
. Gen. Samuel Houston has been elected
by a large-majority as one of the represen
tatives from San Augustjpe county? ,
Tbe Br. barque Elizabeth, from Liver
pool, has arrived at Matagorda, with a cargo
of salt, coal and implements of husbandry,
wira upwards of fifty emigrants.
Da. Duncan. The defeat of this distin
guished Administration leader is a signal
rebuke-to his friends and associates, tie is
of brutal manners knd principles; a
fit tool consequently for the knaves and
charlatans in power. Enjoying the conn.
dence ol Mr. V an Uurcn, lie was the ire.
quent guest, at hi9 table, and the companion
of his morning rides. The. citizens : of
Washington were more than once gratified
by the exhibition of the President -'of "the
United States, enjoying tlte early air in
the comnnnv of his familiar Duncan. Ilia
Vulgar and abusive speeches have forme,(i'a
largo portion of the electioneering matter
of the Locofoco campaign; and have pro.
bnbly been quite as influential as A
tt.... i:rn. r,:.r'T.r.- zxti
pTendinTa Kxtra . (72Z. in tvrorlueinir thfi
tion rallied all thcif" forces to retain his
scat for Dr. Duncan; but the "sober sec.
ond thoughts" of the people have condemn
ed him to the retirement, where there will
be ample scope for the exercises of air his
virtues, and where JuV vices will.be less
disgustingly obtruded on, the public notice.
N. Y. Courier. '
Mohe Forgest ! Forgery seems to be
tlie chief weapon of the administration. Id
addition to the grand aflait-whichhas lately
come offlnrNe wYorkr-we" have one en a
small scale, but of not less daring atrocity,
in our own state. . i-..
It is well known that the present Chief
Justice of the United States (the Hon. 11. a.
1 aney l was formerly resident of t rede rick
county, where he justly possesses a very
great influence. The adherents of the Ad
ministration there have resorted to . the
extremity of forging his name to letters to
persons with whom it was supposed his
requests would have weight, in which they
are exhorted not to abandon, the Adminis.
tration. - Uno of these letters (addressed
to Mr. Michael Null, near Emmittsburg)
having been shown to Dr. Augustine la
hey , (a Whig and relative of the Chief Jus
tice,) he addressed a letter to -the latter,
asking him if the letter to Mr. NuRjwas
genuine. 1 he Chief Justice replied that it
is a forgery t 1 he whole correspondence
is published in the last Frederick Examiner.
The Right or Scffbagb: A trial of
much interest before the Supreme CourLof
new Jersey, has just closed. Col Thomas
Cadwallader, who was a native of Ewing
in that State, and who in 1825, inherited
the property on which he resided, and who
paia proneny nnu personal taxes mere, had
been in the habit of spending liiswrnteTirin
New York "or Philadelphia : in the latter
city he hired a house by the year for two
years and lived in it; returning in the spring
to his place in New Jersey. On attempt
ing to vote at the State and Congressional
election in 1838, his vote was denied on
the grounds that he had lost his citizenship
in New Jersey. He sued the Judges of the
election and the court decided that his vote
was unlawfully rejected, and judgment wa"sj
entered accordingly. . ;
Maine. The Quebec Gazette of Friday
has this following extract of a letter on the
movements of the North-east boundary
surveying expedition, dated '
. . Riviere DE Lorp, Oct. 20.
" The whole of the "American exploring
Erty, with Professor Renwick, are now at
ike Temiscouata ; they pretend to "have
found out some highlands near the Toode
lick Lake, which adjoins Temiscouata, by
a river of the same name. ,
Capt. Hawkshaw R. E., and - Mr. Harvey
(son of Sir John Harvey,) have just started
in companV with Lieut. B rough ton, K. E.,
oneot ineimmissioncrs-thpy are going
to Quebec for a day or two. Mr. Feather-
stonhaugh remains here, and joins Lieuten
ant Broughton at Riviere Ouelle, which
they have to explore, and then they close
their labors for the winter."
f Z : f '
Amos Kendall's charge. The New
York Courier" says-3" The Locofocos now
say that Ajios Kendall s going into the F.y.
tra Globe, was the prettiest piece of Jeremv
Diddlerism of modern times. He'chareed
along the whole line,' and took a dollar a
piece from the entire standing army."
" If the Sub-Treasury is an unwise sys
tem, let it be proved so. Bring forward
your witness.1 GoJe).
The witnesses have gone forwaru-ome
to Europe and some to Texas. .
iMroiTAxr tioii Florida. The Sa
vannah Republican of Oct. 21 , tavs t
We have received from a fi iend in Fkr.
Ida the following important informatioiMn
relation to the Florida war. From the
source it comes from, it may be relied on
as correct 1 It was brought by the steamer
Charleston, which arrived at Savannah on
the 29th inst; ' : '" ' . -
. Gen. Armistead" has suspended active
operations for the present, in consequence
of an agreement between him and the Sem
inole Chief to hold a "talk" on the 10th
inst, at which ime the chief says he la will,
ins to make a treaty of peacer which he
savs shall not be "svoUed"trtbt9 other
treaties have been. , No one here has any
confidence in him or his treaties;' yet you
know Heaven is always better to us than
our fears, and some good may grow out
of it . . :
. Stokx and Steamboat Accident. The
Missouri met a tremendous gale in Saginaw
Bcv on Friday night last during the early
part of which the connection of the boilers j
gave way and . let on the. whole, of the
steam. Ine boat of course, became un
manageable, and was drifted more than 75
miles by the hardest blow, ever known upon
the lake. ,
The surges were overwhelmninsr rack.
ing the boat at very scam, and dashing im.
rtiense quantities of water into the hold at
every swell Tbe passengers manned the
pumps and kept her above wjatcr until tbe
The smoke pipes were blown away tlie
lower portion of the wheel-houses daslied in
and other injury done; but no lives lo3t
len tons of goods were thrown over.
board to lighten the vessel, during the gale.
Detroit Daily Advertiser, OcL 26.
John Qfincv. Adams. The Hon. John
Quincy Adams has recently been unani
mously nominated.-for rejection to Con.
gressby the Whigs of his district, In his
reply to. the letter asking bis acceptance he
says : ; . V
rrom the first Organization of tlie Gov.
ernment of the United States, under their
present constitution until very recently, a
'l-i. 'e j ii !
sense oi uecorum iniversuuy prevailing,
has forbidden a President ol the United
States from all active or even indirect can.
yassing of votes for himself, and hasalike
interdicted the eTercielnu
his 'successor. I have not felt mvself at
liberry to depart from this rule, and there
fore have abstained from attending at any of
the public meetings held within the, last
twelve months, with reference0 to the ap.
preaching Presidential election. I have
deemed it my duty to leave the people of
this Union to make up their own minds.
upon whom they will confer the honor, and
impose the burden of their chief magistracy
and in pursuance of the same obligation
i have-retrained from addressing my eonamtWorifwealth and prodigy
siuutMiis, ciun uj luuur, US 1 IIOU UCCBSKW
allv done hefum ; but which cntild nnt have
Tailed at, this time to be attributed to the de
sire of influencing the election of die Presi
dehK or even to a motive still more selfish
rdid. It is a source of satisfaction
to perceive that tlie people in all parts
Union have made up their minds,
needing exhortation or solicitation
am, with great respect, gentlemen.
your friend and fellow-citizen.
J. Q. ADAMS.
; RESUMPTIOIf OF SPECIE PAYMENTS. The
Banks are preparing for resumption, and
we shall rejoice wben the act is accom
plished. The war movements in Europe,
tne increased importations into this country,
the accruing interest on American stocks
in Europe, and the consequent, demand for
specie, may possioiy mane the resumption
more oimcuit man was expected. v ,
- Since June last, the exports of specie, to
Europe have been about $2,000,000, and
probably as much more wilj be wanted to
pay the interest abroad on American stocks.
Still I weliope the resumption will take place.
Business men and all should lend their ef
forts to facilitate the process. According
to the law of Pennsylyama,aha - JJ.JS..andI
outer oanxs oi mat sxate must resume in
January next, or be driven into liquidation.
it tne u. a. Hank resumes, most of tbe
Banks of the Union will follow her .exam
ple, . The insolvents will go down. Alex.
The riches op Michigan. A very ex
tensive bed of bituminous coal of superior
quality v sample of which has been sent us:
has just been opened on the west bank of
the Shiawassee river, near the village of
Corona, Shiawassee county. This proves
that our state-geolist, Mr Houghton, was
rrect in his report to thie Legislature on
this subject A large quantity has already
been taken from the bedFree Press. -
A DEEPLt AFFECTING SCENE. In the last
Presbyterian Advocate, the Rev. Richard
lea gives a most interestinz account of the
sickness, religious exercises. 'and hannv.
triumphant death of Mrs. Woods, wile of
T sir - a . .
lit. wm. woods, and daughter of the late
Wm. Semple, who died near Lawrence
ville.Oct 11, 1840. On her death-bed
she called her children to her bed -side and
thus addressed themr ' " T "
" My' dear children. I cave vou to th.
Lord in baptism : I have Draved for vou.
and I leave you with him. Seek him early
and you will find him. Your dying mother
requests you to give yourselves awn v in
Jesus Christ" She then, with a fremblimr
1hd7"wr6!e the following sentences in
mree Bibles; Son, give me thine heart;"
n When mylather and mother forsake me,
then the Lord will take me up ;" "Remem
ber thy Creator in the days of thy youth."
This done, she presented one toeacb, say.
ing "Dear children, read these carefhllv
every day, and pray to God to bless them
to you." When you mention this scene to
the youngest one, almost an infant, his lit
tie heart will throb, and his eyes wil fifj
wiiu tears; uiey never will forget
Comspondente of the "lesscn'tr;
. ' New Yore, W 10l8l(l
It affords me no little pleasure tn k. ..
to lay before you the result" of th u
fimto ni Mninflflintu...,:-...
New Jersey,' Michigan, Virginia, mjl
counties in Georgia. We have beaten ft! I
"magician" in his own State! over luJt,
a thing before unknown in this Reputij
aresideTsrheatetrtD; bis oWBtate. i
so it is, and so Do it ftationality, I
pride, nor nothing else could save hiinj
Maine has given an increased majority i
Connecticut over six thousand PennsXI
nia over three hundred Ohio over 25 im,
New Jersey over every tiling, &;C. T
v lrgiuia mm u oupiiuu is u CoumL
gives a Harrison, jnajority of l,7oc
Michigan gives a small majority. GeofT
so far, has given a handsome gain
last month, dsc occ But now M
back" and see what the virtuous and int. n
gent people, of these United States hai,
given ; only listen to the thunder of ifo,
voice f whvthev have eiven fin a .:.'
that must be nearo ana len an over theW 1
Martin Van Buren I ! President of the IV !
ted States, tba consoling tidings that
their free will and sovereign choice", i)
may retire to" KinderbookV 'and there &
main, unwept, Unmourned.and undone, ii'
far as politics fare concerned. Yes, 'f
People have spoken, and America is free"
showing most conclusively and income,
bly, that our glorious and unequalled ft j
Eublic can and will, under its incompjn !
le consfitution, govern itself f and that tJ
dcr the most formidableand corrupt specie.!
of opposition that it is possible through on I
judice or interest to instil into the minds,
its inhabitants, the "ballot box that " Sai
turn sanctorum" of our republic, can ir,'
will correct abuses, remove obstacles, t.j
8troywhatJJswrongoncL defend, what !
right without the shedding of blood it'
tramelling of conscience, or coersive
ures. Let the i eagle -eyes of Englami'
France, and the world rest on us, (as tb
do) but let us mind the things that concen'
ourselves, maintain our wholesome ur
diejather than give up our present cocri.
tutiori, trust in God and tlie moral lam (,'
the land, and they may look, and scan, u,
annoy, till there heads are white, and it:
children after them, and their own natkj
sunk and forgotten, only In history u i,
Gjeeca RndJKflnjeyet,fljcr. all tjiitAiKi.!
ica shall stand as firm asjthe pilJars.oX.1 '
heaven. May the spirit of him who f
ems all worlds brood over, and govern a'
Kepublid till he shall say to all flesh, " I
enough, come up higher." Tbe last M
of Locofocoism is unstrung, the last i '
ai- -i t . 1 ii I J l j S
row iwwd, tiro Hra cumrpuiwu uown, g
last mast gone by the board Hope haiti
pi red the beacon light of success has goo
out forever-Hhe day star ceases to shut
the radiant point has vanished the for
has disappeared, and there is nothing It
save the dying groans of conquered priA
escat The question is settled here on d
hands, ;lle; New Era" the moat, rsl
and outrageous print in the party says, "I
is the first time that ever a Democnt
President was beaten in this country. 4
And the " bvening Post," says, " Genen
Harrison is the Presidentelect of the Uniii
States," dfc. So you may fold yourird
in peace on this subject and look rand Wf
for the best The great beauty oftL
change is, that it has been done by lb
farmers and mechanics of our country, id!
not by hirelings and speculators. Io Ne'
York city, the strong hold of abolition, tj
in many other 4iacesUieLocoS,carr
the day!!! Time, that eternal tea wlk
crushes all intrigue, imposture and lie.-)
bighteen months from to day, New lor
city will have its WJng Mayor, Counci,
Representatives and all ; mark that
The "last card" of Locofocoism
been played to their eternal disgrace, in
has involved many of their most emiocl
men in sad difficulties.
" Martin" has made due preparations n
" llindcrhook lor comfort, convemencf,
Respectfully, yours, &a
I Late and important, from Florida-!
rived here yesterday from Flat Creek-
Capt P. informs us that a report reachc;
Garey's Ferry before he left, that on &
turday last, Lieut. Judd and four soldbl
were supposed to have been, killed by v
luuinns, near ot- Augustine; biuics w
he was aliead of the above named party
beard the report of tlie rifles and saw lie
Judd and the soldiers fall from their honr
From thefacTTtiarnothins has since
heard from them, it is fcard that the repcf
may prove true. . .
Extract of aJetter to the Editors of i
Republican received from an officer of
PlLATKA . NOV. 1st imo-
By last nitrht's exnress. I am enabled H
give yon the result of the conference of tb
Indians with UeiMraT Armstcad at lamp
Halleck Tustenusrsra. Tisrer Tail, H
six others, came in at the appointed tin"
and among other things, agreed to mcetil
General with 300 of tlicir people at f";
Kin? on the 7th inst for the nurnose of w
ther negoeiations. Itiseipectel that
twoChiefs named, will proceed to Wv
ington and visit the President in fffi
If they should deem , it their interest
come in in good frith, it may end the wj
as they ordbablv have it in thcirpo
dictate terms of raace : but I dpine that 1
tne war is ended nntv nnort the ffOOO
ofthe Indians, will last forever andC
1 hey are like. F.nglnnd nn the boupw
question j they will appoint commission
and negociate until doomsday and .
aoomsday bold on to the country.
" Mv sorr " said an afTeetinnate mothw'
her son, (who resided at a distance,
expected in a short time to be tau
' you ne getung very thin." ' Yet ,
er," he replied, " 1 am, and when y -me
next, I Uiink you may see my n. .