Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.) /
Dec. 4, 1840, edition 1 /
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' i li 1"" " " "" " . -T -, i, ' ' , . ' '';.- - . - .'..'... . ,, -U'.tn- . . , " -
f'. f- -KIT . - '
, ' '. V.. .,(-
LIFE IS PNMf TU BE VALUED AS IT W USEFULLY EMFLOYED,
ASEEVILLE, "NORTfl ' CAROLINA, FillDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 3, 1810.
;'-S?S. ii.ciiBMir. v
your august and immortal name in a short
sentence ;,whte?TwlirfiDTounil in Uje book
I .send you, 1 Lave a, largo acquaintance
lamoiw the moat valuable ami exulted class
. uf la Dabluhed at TwO I of nifiU!1 but VOU&ra t!m nntv humnn hfint
- I fp --,11 i .... - ----0
1 avT .. ini nrr mnnum. in dvanoe, Ot 1 fi,, u,l
"liffiuntU ftU .m.raaw paid. orcne eveiuug lo a life o gloriously devo.
1!.7et w21 be inortcd t 4Jno Dolhr Wd to the universal happiness of tbo vgrld.'
l!iat wonderfuHy ftacd him for the position
e nay to occupy. . As a leader ho appears
calm, calcuhiing, brave as bit own sword
yet tree Irons tp general' occompannncut
Ot pcrsonaKDravery reckics' hardihood.
It in possible that alljthis fniglit .not Hive
toldln a wider sc"cmj of action, and his mind
' Aforth M, and TiwnV-Fivo CanU for
, rfo W.uaicatioM mut bo pot jxld.
..f.TWir!(T is tho conclusion of a long
. , . fWihor number of the London f crirtninl Aavm nut amm tii Kn vn n.-awi-iA
rficte 111 UK! ' , -.. 1 " J '-f r-
fwof Spark's Ltfe-of Wasliington. have shown jt but nature had well miJced
ingrediehU in ber cauldron when ho was
I odIIIIl31.niiiJu ""o - , 1
tJby succeeding Presidents. Credit was formed, and, taken in a whole, his powers
Lgtorcd the national aow setireu, aim must Da considered- largo. As a 'writer
for its ultimate payment provided, his style U nerally defectivo m -succinct-
nrrtdiL'iousitincrcasea i tonnage ness and clesrancc. and coherence of sen-
American ports doubled imporU and tences ; but a fine broad lino of commw
MDortsbJthaugnibnted ; a larger revenue senso and judicious tcasoning is dfocerOa.
i-Lkwvd than had been caicuiaioa on ; inc uie t&rougiiout an he , wroto. rhero are
D;n VVaterminated ; foreign treaties, strons aflinities of character and disposi-
juu. . , . ...: ,! iT. i. t i
M honoraule ana aavaumguuua m aniui-iuunmwrai uimonu ocoh, yei was
eaa interest, ratified. tven tno election neither linagniati
j . aiurs)r. Auamj, icucruusi jiup unstusuou writer,
" ... iL !... p.i - , t i r
kim.f nroved tlio magic u mJ ipuuo u ciuiiy oi i;eir naiures, mere is a wonuerou.1 4
measua'S of Washington. II J retired to I resemblauco. They did not think nlikc on
iMniwd Mount Vernon.but he- was not! niany subjects, save on the immulablo forms
ui"-'"' ... .. . ' ;.....!.. ..... . ..
even thn toWJ adieu, even ui iiy-Hvu, oi morui jaw on waien tney were d.uu
.AilwarJuju datiei tliat uu'iuestionable agrc!d,aud of wbicli th?v wero "nunctuar.
.yiitv en'ails oV itJ p333csjjr. llj was J ly observant. Probably the Bard df Cava.
fttedtodio i licr might not bavo considered this ' com.
! lJkawarrky!hirct, ' pari.jon campliinentary,,but a reaeinblahce
With bimMtial cloak around huo." 1 thuro U bjtli in haWu and, inU:llect nnd
i- .nfir with France armoured piety. On th(3 latttrpjint te-e think it fi
:.!.. i. Pranfti hcracif beiriir iu a .atoto Unati say a few worils; '.Washington never
ofreviJutioii, and disposed to violate wan. appears, in the later years of hU . Jifo, to
Linlv everv moral, social, religious and po- havo takea tho sacramojit of tho Lord's
itilnrincinle. 'flio instant war appear- tapper, though a constant attendant aU
ed Decessary, ell cyea wcro turned on church, and always advocating tho cause of
Washinetoa. Hamilton immediately Wrote I rehgion. e n re inclined to tluuk tliat the
. i,: .f. nnnrk him of the sacrifice that I was rather a latitudinarian in his religious
l wnild a.niin bs cjmnelled to make, and nations ; ainco it is difficult to conceive
urn fmm tho President Adams intimated churchman, when dyi
la him their intentions : " We rnlist have tifying his faith, and tittering prayers or
viwrnamo if you will permit us. to use it" "is soul. I'ossiUIy. the character of Wash.
TWo will ba nwrc clhsiencv iu it than so mgtoa leu mm to mucti internal, musing
minv an arrnv. Before receiving ony re. and inward untraced supphcauon to God.
. -i 1 1 . . . . i ii. ..i . .. . i
nlv the f resilient naa noailUaiCU llim coin. I "a uiuiancr iJ-jaacaavu uiv;ui. uwui suuu'
maaJer.lnhief oftlib anniesof the United ness, hia life was, free from reproach, and
Xii.tr!. - It was umuini juilv confirmed . on hia external devotions were constant , Soil
thA2iA. luiv.KtiS.- From Jlii3lime to the I it is difficult to reconciJo such a death with
close of ciistance. Washington buried I the holy and enobli ngTwpes of Christianity
himself iu military waiters, nud in supply, aorjething or sucli a system, if held deep
ing from bis veteran experience infonna. I at tho heart, must have evinced itself.
lioa to his riw recruits. France, however, We do .not say Una reproachfully over the
never sea'jusly contemplated the invasion warrior s bierj but to us it would have been
of Am.-rba from tlw ni:meut she saw the j most satisfactory, ana to tho world more
aitbn bjsurring hors-.-lf Buonatkro then strongly evidential of a firm indwelling hope
came hit J pjer, and settled, all .matters had there been even a shght developement
witliAincriea amicably . , - 1 .. oftho holy bodoifienlsdf futurity. Still, in
This adiustnient of dinVrcnccs, however, tho duties of his public station, in his chart
Washington never lived' fc witness, dying I ty t the poor, in the constant ascription
in command of the arm dostiucdta ope. ot oil his success to tho ; Divine ucing, in
!e against her ancient ; allies. Oa the oiti2C3ot sjn, nusDauu, ana Drotner, innis
I2ADjcv'179J.lio had .ridden Qflndt bis I . wjrm,and cenerour friendship to his mili
private correspohSenco or thepublio docu.
mcuts of Washinston, he jifipearsireserv,
itig the question oThia-alJegianco for the
lirilish Crowal to merit efpjally the pomtiort
ho attained. To his biographer jt must
have beeif oeCBly gratifying hr trace his
writings " no lino which, dying, Jio nHgbt
Wish to blast;" jniiis actions no moral in
temperanfto to be extenuated or , defended
by the force of circumstances; but atungu.
lar faultlcssness, a wouderous freedom from
all tho vices that have stained, degraded
a ft a.. a Ta
and uimined the lustre ot many a iiciincu
chief, many a crowned king, and many a
mured sovereign. " .
It t " .1 il . I
.a ... . i i i r ...i ;.. .1 1 : k:.. i..,. . i.: v.- JL. 1 they
IU 1113 M llll , V JUIHI T i I IfU I J uiu li.'
nA . . 1 i.. 1.1 i. 1 . r. ! . . ..J I iri hid 1 . it... tn lii j ftnllntw
HilUniJUll. WUl QUI trMIll HIW ruill UUU I M . vihu j ,
ha clothing to his iieck. A soar throat heappearsto merit tnc liigtiesteommenda-
and hoarsness on the next da v soon crave lion. iNon omnia possumuijmmes.
tviJence tbst I12 hidjakoii colJ. did I In this combination of qualities is to be
not seem to annreliend'any dahfterassedl found tho power of Washington. On him
the evening with Jhj family, and after some
pleasant cjnvcrso retired to bid. : Ha was
seized in the hTsbt with an aide, and oh
Saturday, the 14th, his breath and. speech
became impaired. On-5 of his overseers
bled him at hhi request, and a fnesftngcr
was seat to bis friend. Dr. Craik.. who
lived ten miles ofE Dr. Craik and two oth.
er physicians arrived on that day. Their
united efforts proved useless. Towards
evening ho said to Dr. Craik, " I die
lard. birt f am not afraid to die. ' I believed
Irom my first attack that I should hot sur.
eit My breath cannot last longJ
lie tbanked the physicians for their kind
'fss.and requested them to irivo lhem-
itcs na lurttier trouble, but to let him die
fciietiy.. Ha kept sinking graduallv, and
Imost the instant before dissolution felt his
n pulsed- Ilia countenance then" under'
went a change. Ilia hand dropped from
ns wnst, and he exoircd. countnr
,iiuio nis memory all that jhen remained
w oer ot her Washington every tassiblo
"-t.ro oi gmmuooana attection. t rance
wen a republic also, raid dun honors tn thn
republican chief: and Rnrrlnrnf -
jthe example of.LordBridgport. then com-
-uu.Ug mo ncei, may be given in proof,
wndered in a sincere tribmn aiill.-'hv lor.
nr. U n I t f . ' J .
"6 ""."OR nau mast OB thn wan nf Wash.
pngton', docease. He had commanded du
fog Wo the applause of many distinguished
r"- ana jcrsitine may be adduced
gawngothcrs. The former said of him.
notwithstanding h III 7irf uaulirifi w infant
ff exalted integrity, it must bo consider.
rl 9a sinmilarlv
. O -V v Ul44VCf illUi tJO BIHJUm
jjove experienced a lot: which- so seldom
C fot.- P0rtl,l numanitTrand passed
variety ot scenes without
f tain and without reproach. It miui inA
create Mtoruslinient, that placeJiii circum.
oces so critical, and filling for a series
jeanj a station so consnicuau r-hn.
P61 Should never hnw Wn !i. .
pion f that ho almulil in m ima
C.1"6 bccn ccused either, of improper insol
f fcOCe Or mean Bllhmiaoinn in him :
Pwwithforeiffn natinnn. Tn tnm If n.n
pervedto run Ue race of glory without
eneacing tlie smallest interruption in the
Bncy of his career.
Jkine wrote to Washington as follows
t have taken the liberty to introduce
we conclude our remarks, in tho language
of his last biographer :
It is the harmonious union of tho intel
lectual and moral powers, rather than the
splendour of any one trait, which consti-
tutes the grandeur of character. If the ti.
tie oi great man ougnt to do reserve a tor
him who cannot be charged with an indis
cretion or a vice, who spent his tifo in es.
tab! i si ung the independence, the glory, and
durable prosperity of his country, who sue
cccdcu in all h undertook , and whose sue.
cesses were never won at tho expense of
honor, justice, integrity, or by the sacri.
fices of a single principle, this title will not
be denied to Washington. .
The laborious and accurato work ' to
winch the lile we have reviewed, w prefixed
we are happy to learn, has been extremely
succcssmi iB Aracnca il is siereoiypeu,
and more than 6,000 complete sets have
been already sold. It is stift selling with
considerable briskness iti the Southern and
Western States, where literature perments
with glower course than in those bordering
on the Ajlautic, by reason of their distance
from Boston, the place of publication, and
the difficulties of conveyance." r In the re-
niiining eleven 'volumes Mr. Sparks has
adopted an arrartgcniOnt'of the multifarious
materials into five parts ; the hrst embrac
ing official .Jettcrs relating to the French
War, and private, correspondence before
the A.mcrtean Revolution, from 1751 to
1755, two volnmes ; second correspondence
and miscellaneous papers relating to the
American. Revolution, from June 1775 to
1783, six volumes sttlifro, private letters
from the timo Washington resigned his
commission ' as commander-in-chief of the
army, to his first Presidency, from 1783 to
1783, one volume ; fourth, letters oliicial
anf privateTrom the teginnirig ofTiis presT;
dency to the end of his life, from 1789" to
1784 two volumes: fifth. -speeches arid
messages to Congress, proclamations and
addresses, one volume; laborious indices
follow.; If Washington has not found a
Homer, to give to actual exploits ideal glo
ry, he has ar least obtained a iaithtut ana
affectionate biographer, who has given him !
to the world as he was, and few are the j
spirits that could ' have so well withstood i
its scrutiny, or have lot.3 needed fiction to
ctibellish them. Whctlicr wp look on-the 1
The reviewer b eortnin!y wrong hero. . .
ia abundant proofa tlit Wuahinirtua was
iatitadinariab la hip oninlona, anduiuch reaaon
think that be was a believer in tbo beat tense of
the word.1 If a man livea tho life of. a ; Christian,
it ia not of much importuaeq whether U djes in
eaitacy or in a calm. , m .
, lids. J. oj , V.
To rREVEIfT THE GROWTH Ot WEEDS ROUND
voDNtt fruit 1 bees. io diminish the
growth of weeds round fruit trees, spread
on the ground round tho frcslrtransplanted
trots, as fares tho roots extend, tho refuse
stalks of flax after tho fibrous parts havo
been separated, tins gives very surprising
vigor, as no weeds will grow under flax re.
fuse, and the earth remains fresh ond loose,
Old trees treated in the same manner, when
drooping in nil orchard, will recover, and
push out vigorous shoots. In 4laco of flax
stalksthe leaves vhiehfall from trees iri
autumn may bo substituted, but tbry must
bo covered with waste twigs or any thing
else that can prevent the wiiidfrorfi blowing
. - - r( ' 7 1 ' -
rnESEgyATlON OF Ci nSAGES. TIlO fill
owing methods ofprcserviiigcabbagi's for
winter use, arc tho result of experience :
1 ho cabbages should bo iratliered before
injury is done jlhem by tho sevcro fafl fixists ;
tho heavy pdtsido leaves should remain, on
tho stalk Fix a stridg or cord', round tlie
stumjiiear tho root3, suspended from the
sleepers with tlio heads downward in a cool
cellar, ond they are rt'adyaiid fit for use at
un nine's. , auoatres kcdi in tins manner
retain all their peculiar flavor and sweet,
ness : Ihe wholo virtun of the stumn and
eaves is concentrated hi the part which is
used, are handy of access, occupy but little
room which would bo occupied by other
purposes; and seldom if ever rot? tho out.
ide leaves wilt and contract, and in tunc
become quito drvr which forms-A sortof
coating that serves to exclude the air from
the inside of the head.
Another method practised by some,' and
liighly recommended, is to cut the head
from the stamp, pack close in a sack, tak.
ingcare to fill up the vacancies "with dry
chaff, thereby excluding tho air, and keep
in a dry cellar. Albany Cultivator.
Herbs if dried ia tho sun, turn yellow,
lose their fragrance and much of their real
virtue. They should be spread out thin,
say upon the fl Jof of a garret or open cham.
ber and left to dry iu tho shade, beinjrocca.'i
may be tied in bunches and hung up.
Sou. for wheat. Rich , heavy ToamsV
containing A considerable mixture of clay,
are mast suitable to wheat. Wheat has
been cultivated with tolerable success on
sandy or silicious lands ; but en lands of
this description it cannot be repeated oftener
than oncean hvc orsix years, and the land
ought to be prepared and enriched by the
cultivation of preceding manured crops.
Lands strongly calcarious, or abounding in
lime, are'favprable for wbeat and indeed
all other crops. Wherever clover may be
made to grow, there wheat may bo cultivat
ed to advantage with proper management
-Yankee Farmer. '
Botts n horses Mr. John L. Smith,
an old citizen of this county,, and who has
dealt much with horses, informs us that iie
has not had a horse die with botts for twenty
years. When it is recollected that almost
every farmer Js-Josing borscs time -after
time with this disease, we should .bo dis
posed to pay somo attention to Mr. Smith's
remedy Jot Mis,, winch ne assures us lias
been so etlectual. It consists simply in
feeding oeeasionalfy on" heads of rue, a
quantity of which he always keeps on hand
for that purpose. IIo is convinced that the
heads and chalfof the rje seem to cut and
cfiectually carry off ihe grubs, and tliat if a
horse, every fert" days, be fed with rye
heads, bo will never be annoyed with bottst
Tho ne may be fed in the sheaf. It oper
ates as a preventive, tathcr than as a cure.
WeiopCsoon to hear of its being more
generally tried. Southern Ctuhvalor-
Wo have hoard that when a Scotch
duchess, once " the admired of all ouscrv.
crs, was questioning the children at one
of her charity schools, the teacher asked,
" What is the wife of a hung called!" "A
Queen," bawled out cneof the philosophers.
"The wife.of an UmpcrorT" "An Ex
press," was; replied with equal, readiness.
" Tlien whak is the wife of a duke called ?"
,"A drake" exclaimed several voices , mis-1
taking Uie title duke for tlie biped dud,
which they pronounced tho same. Rich-
mond Slar - -
Goon Example. Oliver Ames of West
Bridgewater Mass., come need life by mak
ing a dozen shovels, which he took to market
in a wagon. He now ownthreo extensive
factories at' Eastean, Braintree and W'cst
Bridgewater employs 60 workmen, "and
has four teams to carry his shovels to mar
ket. His profits are 920,000 annually, lie
commenced life without a -dollar' '
sion pf specid payments ensued throughout
the land. A tremendous and frightful rev.
olution, in every branch of bimim ss, took
place; and credit and confidence were
T i&t Hon. t)U General Armbly of N. Carolina I
' Gentlemeni The deelarationa of tiio
people against thl) administrations of tie haken to the centre. Money became more
Fedcialcnd mostof tho State Governments scareain both hemisphens it Becmcdin.'
the deep sensation and embittered feel. otrut navqyanisiieu. interest rose, ana
ings of tho contending parties as to the I w Jll Jifiieahy negotiations could bo effected
cause, must necessarily irreatly ilecpen tho 011 Bny term Instead of colly investiga
interest which usually attends tho meeting, ting tho caues and- opplyiflg lueh rcbe
and increase the responsibility of your1 hon. I as Jds eleva ted and powerful position might
ornttic body. . - ' '' I command, to save tadussnds from ruin and
" But, while we have", in the confident hopo I distress, tlie President denounced the loeel
tlwt it Hill 'restore tho country to iu former Banks us worthless, and fait!ilcsi-cniirsued
. . . . ' a? . i . . . - ...
nappy and prosperous condition, abundant I them with nji inveterate rancour snd turn.-
cause to rojtwce over this peaceful rovolu. cd utwn them tho full tide of publieindigna,
tion i yet: we should remember that our fcl. I tion Hliado them tho stalkimr horse of the
m . n .. . . . i a ...... v: .
row-ciuzcos oi tno admigistrolion party r aemagogae-robi)cu tliem ot tiw peoples
witu me exception, perhaps, of tho oiheers ebntidencc, and paralyzed all their uselul
and aspirants,' although mistaken,- s we j energies. But, by his own act,' the depos
believe, in their views, caft have but ,one it. of the publie mouies, the BanbsTiad been
common interest with Ourselves," ond arc stimulated to wild expansions; thoywerc,
ratlier entitled to our sympathy and concil. for the most part controlled by his own po.
iation than to our hatred I and , persecution, litfcal friends, and were the creature! of his
Their fortunes havo failed in their own devoted Sfcttt'3,
hands, and nndor their own manngement , I In the TrocShry Circular, the President
and it becomes us, as those on whom the added another link to tho already length
responsibility hns'deVolved, calmly to sur. J etied chaiiof Executive usurpation. This
vey tlio positinn wp occupy, and prepare f circular renuired snccio. only to bo received
ourselves with energy and dignity4o meet I at the lund ofticcs, which che-cked sales,
tnecrisTs. I and, by turther alarming thcenpitahsts, ad.
as ii4s, mo pan ot wisuom to protit oy i uca nnotnor mow to tne nirenav -siiiMiis
experience, it Is necessary and proper to I credit of the Banks. Cbngrcs ventured on
rejer to the causes of the revolution, .and I ft vote of disapprobation, by n large major
rturtioularlywheno connected, with cur pc. I ity in both' houses, rciic&Iinir Iho order.
I!.. l . ' . .1 . ' j . Lit . n . .i i. ... i i
put nic rresineiir pineeo, itiu n.s i pqcKet,
end thus-defeated it.
I no I'rc siaetixs nopmerity wan fc t so
powerful ns tdce'iitrihute very In rgt ly to the
clectiojTof his suctossor, the "jireseiit in.
cnmlx rif , whose other claims on tho confi-
culiar interest, the better to1 cnftblo -ua to
avoid tho evil and embrace tho good
i no unnirortna, junitca dtntes. wtiicti
grew out of tho necessities' of the country,
at two periods of greet distress, (and which
wuuiu wj'-ui uiiiiom to givo sacrcuneas to
its existence,) ond which answered eyrryftk-nceajid sfibctioo ofllffi American people,
purposo promisecl Dy m most saimiiue
triends, or anlicqtated by the public, Was
UixMned to l',xecutivo hoslihtvbecnuao it
would not yield political obedieaice. Jt was
rc-chnrtored by (Jongcfis-but vetoed by
tlio4residetit. Hio public money was the n
were certainly nuestionublc I le pniiiiMal
however, to trend in the fwlsteps jf lih il
lustrious predecessor, ond declared that it
was glory enough, to,. have se'fved 'iui'Kr
sdeh a chief; and the people were satisfi?ov
The prem fit icunilent came into power
removed from It3, law ful place of doposite, I nt a perioil Tinwt unfortunnte for hlmsell
iu dm Bank of tho United States, to the and for the coiintrv. "A re-aetion, as we
local Banks, by tho Presiifeit, under the have showj) had commenced in a bloated
ilea that it was unsafe. This ground, taken I and boasted prosperity j and lie bad pledged.
by the President, was disproved by a ivnortlhirnsclfto the course bestetijle-tdatfcd to urge
from a committee of Congress. l it on. I Irf had, in his zeal to support the
TheSenntO of the United States became views of his pre'doccssor, dciibmiceda Bank
alarmed at these indications of violence and
usurpation, and declared the removal of
the depositcs unconstitationat. ' 'llie I'resi.
dent appealed to tlio piitplo, aguinst both tho
Uank and tho Senates-declaring the Bank
dangerous to the libcrtie-s of tho country;
a monster of foreign materials and that a
better currency could be given by the local
Banks, witifout tho danger ; and that the
Senate bad donohim gross injustice.-. The
appeal was sustained, j Nothing,was recol-
lectcd but his splendid and successful ca.
reer. Several of tho State Legislatures
were filled by his pnrtizans, vho supported
his opposition to he Bank, and instnlctod
theii Senators to expunge the resolution de
claring liis act unconstitutional for-remov-ing
the dposites, or to resign their seats toa
Saino yielded to the servile act, in defacing
the journals of tho Senate; and others,
through a cherished though mistaken no-
straction abandoned their' posts; which
has impaired, and, if continued, will dc
troy the most stable and valuable part oi
our Coaititution, and, in all probability, the
of the United States as unconstitutional,
and cut offall relief from that quarter.
The local Hanks had b?eii den-j'jn;e'd as
unworthy of public confidence.; and - lie
sunk -them- yet tower byeoncurrliig in tlioir
condemnation, i honttairs of the countrv
had. became desperate niffiev scarce and
Bank notes depreciated the prices of prop.
erty ond laborjcrumbling down improve.
mentssiispendcd and bankruptcies tinnier.
mis. Iiidced, so gloomy were the nflutrs
of the country, that the President convened
an extra session of Congress,- to devise
meatts'of relief; to whom ho gravely re
commended the withdrawal of tlie public
monies from their places of depesite, and to
lock theni up in salcs-jand vaults as tlie
reiiiedv.' ' ' '
had been used, from the cstsbfishniont of
the government, as depositaries.; and which
in timrs of emergency, responded pati iotic
ally, to the calls of the goycrumt-iit ; and
which Jind aide-d the great intr rvsts of the
country to "enter honorably the lift of com
petition, in nil necessary and valuuble
The House of Ileprcsentatives could not f works of imnrovi'mcnt, with -.those '-of- the-
but leel the influence of the will of the peo. j old worM. At the first nioiiKiit of ththcul
plo concentrated, in the Executive. His I tv. they are condemned as iiinwurthy of
power war tremendous cnouah to intoxi-1 nubJiceonfiJince, and cvin tlangerou-j to
cato the bruin'of a less philosophical chief. J liberty.'. Again, in December; 1837-33,
1 ho fate of the Bank . was decided. The I tin's Suh-Treasury is pressed o.i the eonsid.
depositesVere retained in the local Banks, j oration of Congress as the grand panacea
and recommended to be loaned out. tucks of all our woes,
increased rapidly.ltnd discounted freely. I Congress was composed of a majority of
1 he disbursements of the government in-1 Ins friends, and it is quite immaterial heth
creased t some fifty per cent., or ubout 'cr they coimidored his project incoinK.tciit
twelve millions of dollars annually. Prop- lor t!ie crisis, defective in principle,' or
erty end labor of all kinds rose in pnee. nerveless in expediency- it.w;;s rejected
Public works were commenced, and some .The. President now 'seemed to take the
completed, of vast magnitude; and general matter seriously to heart. Tie only i?.iea
proerity n igrxd not onlyin this country; saitrhe had concocted ? by thtf utdof1 the
but iii Europe, Up to 1834," unde-r the Secretnry of the Trvnmfy, must not be
operations ut tha-i'bill of nominations," treated so. Jjgbtlyr His forces nr5 m.ar
llio payment of the publie debt, -mostly due shalled anew tho unfaithful discharged,
to Europeans, filled that country with and more supple tools nut in tlx ii- places.
money seeking investments a great deal ol They open tlicir battery on the dead bank.
which was takfin by our Ibtatps, Banks, I Ihe dying and living banks tliey represent
Rail Roiidrf Canals,- and ' Manufacturing then as the hydra-heade d monster, against
Companies, and returned to this country at w Inch the former President had to exert his
a rate of interest higher 'ihan had Tjcen Herculean strength' t J kcepin checkrOw;
given bythw-'overnincnir Whether dc. porations of all kinds - were declared -dam
signed or not, this command and disburse, gerous to liberty, to the poor, and ttTdeiuo-
went of large amounts of money complete- cracy. " Congress convenes, and the Prosi
ly, at the time, covered tlie consequences of dent draws a strongnnd vivid picture of the
tho destruction of the Bank of the United distresses of the couiitry.nnd ngain rccom-
States, and gave to tlie country a hollow and I mends tho locking up of tlie public money
luciiuous prosperuy. . , .. - in sates ana vaults, as tue moans oi reuei.
IWtwitustanding. JlifiPrcaLincrcaso of This-, -doubtless, was pro forma, -pa Iks had
c.uuiiuiuB,auiiit; iuriy iitnions ot surplus i no money in iuu a nusui j iu ui.
had accumulated in.lhc-vaults of the' local The fact that he litis had to issue from time
Banks. V Upon, a previous occasion, the j t time, T-rciir- notes, sliews how" jirf-pos
President had advised a distribution; and, tcrous it is to expect relief nt present, at
after a fierce struggle in Congress,' an act least', from a scheme on which the Govprn
was passed directing it to be deposited with nicnt is destitute of the niateria!s"1o per-
the States: and although; his views had ate.
law, the State of New Jersey has-bof-n dis
franchiiicd her legal al official altcsta-
bf the Goveraor of New Jersey, I herewith
submit the resolutions of her Assembly on
this subject, lharked A.
: While the rights of New Jersey were
being desecrated in the I louse of Repre
sentatives; the Senate Vas engaged in pass
ing a resolution gratuitously refusing to
assume tho debts of tbo States, alike in.
suiting to their feelings and injurious to
their character.. If, under circumstances
of peculiar Hardship aotfV distress, a State
were t6 petition Congress toassumo her
debts, and Congress was to (low, it would
not differ in principle from assistance grant
ed to an ally in distress by War, or to tho
relief afforded Carraccas suffering from-the
cfli-cts of an earthquake, or to New York,
when almost devastated by firo. At all
events ,a State would be entitled to o respect
ful attention and friendly' consideration ;
but to refuse without being asked , is marked
willi the grossest impropriety and injustice.
llio Senate knew that many of tho States
were engaged m improvements of great
importance:, and of pendi-d On negotiating
loans in Europe to complete, diem, and re.
quiring unimpaired credit for advantageous
success; winch was necessarily injureu Dy
that ccjin of the Senate and the works
most -probably defrntcd. - -
It is true, that INortli l arottna lias no .
pab!:c debt ; but its net the less injurious
mid insulting to her Character, to be told
by her tervants, (who ate presumed to
know) in the Senate clirmler, that she is
itnworlhy of credit ; and Mich a declaro:
lion by,the Senate, lien seen in distant
parts 6f the world, where negotiations for
money ore sought, must be injurious to her
credit nnd probably would have defeated
her object, if she had alteiiiited to procure
tho lonn cotitcimilutcd by ihe act of your
hist session.' '
Now, gentlemen, Iliavc hhcwu yoa ihe
lostruction of tlujNutitintil Bank, m total
disregard of the wish of Congress und the
mercantile and commercial parts of tlio iiu.
Hon ; the violation ol law and contract, in
the removal of the public, tiet-sure from the
dace where the reprt scntinm s of ., tho
country directed, under a false allegation;
the issuing a hpocio L.ir.ular; at the Exic
iHivc will, and tlie continuing itsijie-ratioii
after Congress lied cond iniied it ";. placing
the nLiblic niauiey in fiivoiito Wal Banks,
and urging them to use it in expanding dis.
counts and, liocauss they cotd J not return
it when, called lor, denouncing endpcry,.
cnling them ; die outragd Upon the sove.
reignty of New Jersoy ; the gross and
gratuitous insult on the character and credli
of nil the States; were enough, 6urtiv,
witliout referring to the operations of trade,
or tho abuse of th'j taiikin' privilege, to
alarm cnpitalisLifls to tho stability and in-
icgruy oi our msmuuons -to Danish money
.i i . .i. .- , .
aod destroy credit in fine, toroducc the
terrible pecuniary revulsion; which has
shaken our couf try to its centre, bringing
ruip and distress on thousands. And tln;
Sub-Trcasury remedy, gentlemen, for dis.
eases like these ! Surely the S mgrado
theory never has been so graphically il'm.
Jrali-d.1 'Till! Utakbiy iHui-e(iuuev of
Tn-asury, he decried JnstitutioiH whielft he projwsed remedy is, iml"cd,' like sport-
subsequently uiidcrgorie a." change, he refuc
tantly approved the naeasure.-
i' orcign ca pitahsts, used to Wa rs and con
vulsions, wa tched ,the operations of our gov-
ernmcnt with a vision true to their inten-sfe
and, taking the alarm at the attack of the
'resident on fore ign capital, Ins revolution
ary spirit, and oaring; .usurpations,' -withdrew
their funds, in time, to a place of safe
ly. The Banks commenced curtailing, ; to
meet tlie provisions of the distribution act.
But it was soon discovered that it could not,
with other -demands, bo met ; and a susptn-
tions tranqilcd under foot her sovereignty
violated her rights disregarded and insult
ed, by the friends of tho present Adminis
tration in the House of Representatives,
by refusifig scats in that body to persons
regularly commissioned under her authori
ty, and" clothed w ilh all the atribqlos of
lier sovereignty. By thb.net, every State
in lim l iiiiiii has rocoived a blow which
should not lie diaK garded. '-By tho rcqucuVMiou of these iiistitutienis tin tho District
ing with'our wrongs and sufferings.
What good' can result from tli3with
drawal of all governinentai conneetioi.
all its fiscal operations -from the Banksaiid
leaving the States torfgulate the currency
among themselves ns they best may 1 It is
like separating the bead from the body.and
exjiccting their joint, functions to bu con
tinned. The President snvs that the tanks
form a Chain of ilependenco from ono c-nil
of our country to tlie other ,-and that it
" reaches across the ocean and ends iu
London, the centre of the credit system ;" .
and with this chain of, ilej-cndeA-e of
mighty magnitude, he will havo nothing to
do, but lea-e us to the tender morck s of
tlie Eitglish to regulate our currency and
crctlit, "perfectly indifferent to our lute, s
that the Government and its officers get
the-ir dues in gold and silver.
Tho President certaiidv kteiks to a total
destriicHoJiof afTTiaiiks wjjen he" says, .'It
is, a principle than which none is better
settled by experience, Thlit the., supply of
tbe jii'ccious nlctals will ahpys be lbund
adequate to the ilses for which they arc re
quired. Tbry abound in cguitrics wliere
no either currency is allowed. jiko the
fabled appeanince', of men. in Rhoderick
Dhu, aVis'ohly necessary to mil, und wo
shall have" a plenty of specie, which socms
to be so dear to his fi-elings. Heoverlooks7 "
or forgets entirely , tlie sacrifices, to which -
we iniiHtsiibmit to obtain it in couiiietiliou
.... .. ... ....
with tnose countries wnerc it is now nem.
It will be first necessary to make the bal
ance of trade preponderate in our favor iii
order to t lli ct this, (ihe aid of bank credit
and our hitherto liberal and enlightened
policy having been dispensed with. We
mustjiubmit to tho Knropoarr and Asiatic
prices of labor, thoir rigid rennornv, their
grinding slavish Imbits of toiff before we
can successfully coniM te w ith the m in trade;
agriculture and manufactures, of produce a
balanco in our favbr to be disuhargod in
coin; To expect a permanence of tlie pre- .,
ciotis inelals'iwiai-recdiMl-wtifttHr8t -importation
, would lie about ns rationnl ns
lp attempt a suijiensrbn of the laws of gra
vitation. " 'r
The President salys, ' in a country so
commercial as oqrs, banks in some form
will probably always exist," and thinks this
Sub-Treasury will deprive them if the
character of monopjlios, and be a salutary
rcnilotorand k o tliem in cnocK- In tins
r : . . . . . i
expectation ot the continuance ol winks
Ik- may be sincere ; mil ine rwii oi-sinicw
Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
Dec. 4, 1840, edition 1
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