. f. " .,1 ' ;. i:. -f-.-f- .1 V . . l VOLUME L D. B, 9TAN1LLT I I. ROBERTS, EDITOBS. ivrMviori!iiuniei vr rnAr, r . 1IY J. II. CIIUISTY, TKRJii--The " MitssKNOEn" it "published at Two Pollart and Fifty Ceiita per annum, in advance, or Three Dollars at thenJ of ite yeaiv No tubtcrintlon discontinued, (exwpt at Ihe op. iion of the publbbw ) until aH arrearage! are paid. V A.Dvr.rnassBi'n'a will be inaertcd t Ono Dollar ber quara for the first, "and Twenty-Fwe Cerits for tacn auoneqiieni inncnwn., ' ' -All Cfimmtinicationa must bo pot paid. MISCELLANEOUS. N Tho olil Bachelor.' BY MRS.' EDWARD THOJOS. , " , " Think not the Rood, Tho gentle deeds of mercy thou hait done. Shall die foreotteri all ; the Door, the Dritwner. ; Tha fath(rrlcw, tho friondlosB, and tho widow, Who daily own tho bounty of thy hand, Shall call to Hoav'n, and pull a bleamnf on the, . Rows' Ji ajMiie. u Oct mer" said f ngain, for nfut the hundreth tirrlni 16 my still wontfcnnj,fxt man, '''Vhango far thi firo pound nuto,aU in silver; andnunJ, ihorrns, as manyit . pences as you cart with it Vcs.sir.". " What can mister possibly want with so-mucu surer f ai way on Saturday oight too!", ( I heard him say to Matha, my pret ty hduio riwiil, twirling tho; note between his tliunib and rtner, whihi I w altppriig on ray now Indian-rubbcr goloshes, ready ' to sally forth No good, depend on t!" sho rejoined, "goiog out, lot tho weather be what it will, trampini in the rain anl mini. J should j'J3t like to watch him,'th j old sinner J"- S) invariably do the ignorant and nir. row.tnindpd judge any thing the least mys terious in our actions by the Svorst possible standard, vice as if virtua never sougbf tho veil of secrecy fur its outgoings ! . Matha had no idea that any thing but wickedness, or " uogoo$" as she emphat ically called it,, could take mo from my comfortablo'reside aria book, to brave the inclemency of the season ; "at my age too !" verging on seventy ; ' old enough to know better," thought Matha radst" cer tainly had my motives for these almost nocturnal rambles been any other'thah tho purest and most charitable. I saw, by the - significant shako of Thomas's head, that Matha's shrewd and ill-natured conjectures found a ready echo in his bosom. ... i' t was uiuiouDicniY me nenest oiu Dacnc. lor in the large an 1 populous market-town of D - in the S uth of,.lingland, and am j not ashamed to confess hiy wealth was chief, j I.. l. l ; r . .... . 1 was cotMiJcreu railier mean -by-some of mv acmitiintance who ostentatiously pa radeu their names, and a few guineas to- Cither, r J annilaL subscribers to every pub. lie'-insututiou ia the place. But while George Frederick Thompson, Ksquire ' was blaioned iurth in all the glory oC " ling Ibh type," fr tw. guineas; "a friend," for ten, mijiht be seen in modest "brcvieY! my SuToli)iTirharwffa , to "US good by stealth, and blush to nmi It fame. , Why I was a bachelor, with a heart so warmly aliva as mine was, even at that fri. gi 1 part I of life, to every tender and gen erous sentiment, was owing, alas! to tho early blight of an aflction which cost mo twenty years grief and sorrow, and which 1 cannot even think of now without the bitter. est tear of regret, shed with all nancy of youthful f.( lings. the po: iff. . I have for years, winter and summer made it a point to attend our large moat market of a Saturday night, with such a supply of loose silver in my pocket as should preclude the possibility of that cold and heartless cxcuso--,, I really would, but I have no change T'jfpr so transient is the glow of benevolence sometimes, as ae tually to be extinguished ot tho baro"tdea of the trouble of changing money (yet what a sickness of the soul do these lew almost unheeded words cost the forlorn be. ing who implores our aid !) Then jss I aaiinternd leisurelv nn and dawn before the , tempting stalls, illuminated by the strong and vivid light of the gas lamps, I could mark the countenance of the different pur. povcrty.pincnea motner, bargaining tor tnat oreost oTTViutton 41 which would "make her a " - ti - . Bcten famished darlings such adelicious Sunday dinner r' see her lips quiver with . hope arid fear a he inqui red tho price detect the nervousness of her grasp, as she ..tremblingly jnd hcsitat:ngly turned over and over again the delicate morsel:- Sio 'eyidently, methaught, belonged to that tru ly descrviug and industrious claas called . 41 char.women "out all the week working like a slave to procure a few comforts for the Sabbath, to enjoy at least one day out of the weary seven wth her ehitdrea and hus band,' a ... bricklayer's laborer, perhaps thoughtless and improvident', spending near. ly all his scanty wages in beer and tobacco; still ho wu her husband the father of JicHhildren--the handsome Richard: of her early lov, almost as handsome no'andij was do harcUTiip to toil fof creaiurei to pre cious to her'hcarjr r. . At tbq moment heaaonvincodU was Indeed beyond ber mallnieans, and ahs, was turning hopelessly away'40 seek a less dainty and cheaper bit, out carrio4heMi. tional shilling or sixpence: as it mifiukbe, t completo the necessary purchase ; alrdj ; ineffleai was m net nasket, nna tnetcaroi gratitude hr her eye, M(3o," I whispered, slipping two more shillings into her hand, and uy a little nice tea and stfgar I am. sure you like it!"- ; wailed for no thanks from the wonder' m tniin, ing woman ; I bad no desire to bo assured " I was an angel pf goodness;" I knew I was but & frail and erring mortal, and was content to be blessed in her prayers,- aiming only to exemplify the poeVs description of a wuiy cnaniaoie man. ; T " I moan tho man who, when the distant poor Need help, denicathem nothing but his namo." " I wiircandidly confess,'lhat when I first commenCod these perambulations, I had no fixell purpose of benefitting my suffering tellow-crcatures t l was . influenced more by a w.islv ta divert myself from tho soli tude an4 anguish, of my , own thoughts, blenueu with n, vague sort of benevolence; but when, after a littlo time, I perceived the real good I was abb to effect at the smallest possiblo sacrifice of trouble and money, the numberless hearts I gladdened, and the firesides 1 made cheerful and hart. py, it became the active principle of my life, and & rich and abundant harvest did I reap for my labors in tho sweet and tranquil re flections of a self-annrovinj eon.sr.ience. Tho ameliorating hand of charity plucked tho thorn from my midnight pillow," and soothed tho bitterness of my careworn ex istence f " ' Ono evening I was particularly struck with a young and rather genteel looking g"l , infjuiring most earnestly ' for a nice delicate sweetbread." She could not bo more than sixteen, aniitt the broad glaro iff the fl Hiring gn I ntnr -tJw mjtii. itely fair and beautiful. The eagerness of tier manner, and the evident superiority of rank over tho generality of persons who frequented the stalls that late hour, had an unfavorable effect on the young butchers to whom sho applied, and many was tho rude and heartless jest sho had to endure from them. Still she went from stall to stall with a degree of undaunted persever. anco which woufd,havc awakened a feeling of disgust in my own bosom, for conduct so unfcmininely, had I not observed that she frequently nnu lurrively dried a tear wun me taiiercu remains 01 a onco cosuy ... ., . - . .. foreign shawl. . " blie is no imposter! I mentally eiac ulated, feeling my own eye become sud- enly dimmed by a tear or two. " That is the tear of modest misery. The harden d deception would too gladlyparade its followed her like a shadow f as-her-"light agile figure flitted almost noiselessly from ace to place, with the most intense inter est and curiosity. At. last she came to a stall containing almost every joint of veal, and I saw her eyes sparkle with renovated ope as she exclaimed brea thlessly , I lave you the sweetbread, sir!" 'tl low much will you give for it mi3s ? " How much do you aslt T ' Fi.v.e shillings. Will you give that ?" " O, most gladly ! if you will trust me part?" .. . The man's brutal laugh literally rang through?, the. wide1 square, 01 he replied, " Come, that's capital!" Then adding with a piece of popular slang too vulgar to rp "pcar anlwhtcfr h not un derstand. " no, miss. 1 can't give you no trust you looks top suspicious for m&." Why are yb so anxious to procure a sweetbread I" said 1, gently touching her shoulder as she yet lingered there, as if ev cry faculty was annihilated by this last se vere disappointment. She started with a degree of resentment in her countcnan&t at the libcrtVi but see. , ing only an old nv i, sho replied mildly, jp'O'sir! it is for a dying sister my only friend ! he has not tasted ajoy-thin; lor the last fortnight, arid toiday, while f sat by her as sho slept, sho was dreaming of a sweetbread, and f pake in her slumbef of the good she was sure it would do her, 1 should nave been here long before, but was obliged to finish some needle-work to obtain money enougff to pay Tor7ano,'; are all gone." . It is impossible to convey an idea to my readers of tho thrilling 'inournfulness of tone in which she pronounced these last few wonk Her very heart seemed riven in twain witli 'anguish at her utter want of success. ' " You shall have a sweetbread," said I, ery other comfort that canallev iate her suf fennp fer the sake of the virtuous and ho. ly affection you have evinced lor her this night." The astoruslwd girl. In the first bewilder, mcnt of delight aOiavTng si" u hexpiic f edly found a friend in her sore distress, seized my hand-wkh tlo spontaneous movement of pure gratitude, and held it clasped firm ly between her own, which trembiea, ith emotion, but sho. was unable to articulate a word of thanks. "Come," I continued, leading hcrlo wards my own Kouse, "yos need not fear an old man -my gray hairs shall be j-our security." , - ' On the way sho told me her little History, unwished and unsolicited Vtt my part, fur I was prctermined to relieve her but there is a proncnesa to candor and confidence fa youth, 'which shows the heart is unsopbisti-1 catetv an tho bosom .umainfea oy vine world's vices. .. ' 'T- --"tTw"' ' She was no high born dame, reduced by adverse (ate to sudden want and misery to make an interesting Heroine in a fictitious story, i the daughter of lieutenant In the navy eo'y, who Haying perished for His cooritry, had JeflrHcrsfclf and sister, now dyin"o( a consumption, to stnigglo as they best could, in a pittiless world; their mother Having died of the same fatal com Elalnt some yearsibefore Iwr gallant hus and. . " .. ' ., , " ' :i ' ASHEVJLLE, NORTH CAROLINA, On reaching homo with my fair, but per tainly rather doubtful ' looking companion, Mr. Thomas opened his eyes to their very furthest extent. f 'M "Tell Mrs. Williams," said I, assuming a tone of unusual authority, tho more - ef. focTualtfWrep pack up that sweetbread I had ordered for my supper ; some tea and sugar, a bottle ,of sherry, alittlo arrowroot, and any thing else she may think useful lor and mako haipto. . - Thomas vanished' without utterjng one word riot even his customary " yes "sir"" and soon returned, bearing a basket of goodly dimensions quite filled, 'followed by Mrs. Williams, Matha, and the fctchen- maid, at a more humble distance, evidently all bursting with almost irrepressiblo cur! osity to see tho citraordinary being Tliornaa had -informed them " master had broisht homo with him It is ho consequence How dishevelled or. disarranged the hair isr in youth, the face from beneath it always Ijoks lovely, Llara Graham. s, tho-name of my new acquaintance, retained only the least possi bio wove, owing to tho extreme dampness ot the atmosphere ; but it was luxuriant be. yond. what I had ever before seen, of a rich auburn. Sho sat without her bonnet. having talien. it off to dry, by my desire", enjoying a bulsccit ami a, glass of wine, penecuy unconscious 01 me lii-natureu sur hnscs hef Uiwxpectod appearance hadawa' Itencd in the bosoms o'fjfty jealous domes tics', lor an old bachelor s are invariably so, Oh! nothing is so winning, so betitiful, as that innate con victlon of inrtocenr which never suspects, nor thfiiks itself si iPectrSI, buspicion and illiberality are tha jolbprin. of guilt begetting in their tuM that base desire to deprecate virtueind bring it clown to a level with its own-fallen and degraded state. - ; - . The dedoroiis nousekceper looked dag gers at her and myself too, while sho enu merited tho articles she had ' condescend. cd"lo pack ip for such trumpery," and I read the words " good-for-nothing bag. gage," in Matha's bright eye as plain as eye could speak, while 1 nomas s expressedjiH too clearly, " what an old profligate ! Seeing mo oft the move, he said in his most obsequious tone, " Shall I not carry the basket lor the young lady, sir t It is very Tieavy." Ho knew that was the moat effectual means of fathoming the mys tery. " No I shall carry it' fflyself for her." ." You.sirr A' Yc I. Come, my Jear t and away we both walked, or I rather tottering under my enormous load. I could fancy the "O my and tho Wells I never T f l disconcerted group who let us out in silent astonishment. " Clara lived iian obscure street not far from my own residence, and. I could not help feeling a sort of" reproach at auch vir. tuo and misery struggling unknown' and unpifled so near inc.- Her sister, a poor emaciated thing, was awake on our arrival, SfrobaTdlyQtieeithe presence of a Strang, or, being too feeble to feel any excitement at passing events, but sho said in the kind, est manner to my companion, "Dear Clara, I began to think you long; tho -tire grew low, and I was so cold ! This drew my attention to the fire, which was nearly out, and which Clara began bu sily to endeavor to kindle. " Where 13 your domestic: my love! said 1 to ner. y . " We have not kept ono a long time," sho replied ; " I do'all for poor dear Ger trude ; she gives no trouble, and besides servants are cxpcHsivefwr.""":. . - - " What 1 I exclaimed, in inexpressible astonishment, "you work at your needle like a slave, nurso your poor, helpless, sick sister, and attend to the. household affairs, too.? a rilere child like you ! Good Hea vens, it is not to bo thought of." Late as it was, I took my hat' and hur ried off to my own favorite surgeon, whom I fortunately found at home, and at leisure to attend me. I begged him in thi first place, to recommend a nice intelligent wo-, man, as a nurse j which ho did at that mo ment f and in tlie next to return jvUH jna to the house of tlic poor neglected invalid. On examining ijer-symptoms, I waS-uc lighted to find her.complaint was not con sidered by him as consumptive, but an ob stinate attack of the liver, brought on by a sedentary mode, of life,, and low .and im proper. diet. And it is astonishing liow much they resembled each other in appcar a r . The same d ry cough , the aa me was. tc. and cVnaciatcd frame, and the same aches and pains over the languid and en feebled body. I Ie soon took His departure, to order the necessary meuicines for Her, cautioning the weeping Clara not too noiwi. ly' to express her joy at the prospect of her sister's recovery, as " rest and tranquility wer? absolutely necessary to second hi en deltorsr .. : The nurso soon after arriving, a com fortable motherly -looking sort o( "woman, after suitable instructions to her to take ev ery care of the young ladies, and to spare nothing which she thought might conduce to the comfort of Her suffering charge, I took leave of the grateful Clara, and has tened home, fatigued to death, but most su premcbi Happy. ' In a few weeks,, Mr. Went worth had the tight to a state of convalescence.-: She'vas not so, beautiful asCterabuinuch rriore companionable", possessing a mind stored with the most useful and varied Informs, tiongteaj convcrsaliou'a! powers, and such FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH en and iendurimf sense of relimon. that as impflfesible to listen to her without jming iserand better, feeling forcibly, at 1 gazed on her young pale face, ' truly, Lord, .out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected pfcuac" rt visited them dnilyjnctlyfoTbidding Cfara, ot pain of "my displeasui;1?, to sctr a stitch, except for the adornment of her own pretty pekon, which seemed indeed to be li-ab9AfHjaeT1Mflever before-had I seen suchjfrilling and flouncing! ' It is aspnislihig how affliction had sub dued the .biqyaricy of her splrifs, which how rose ubpvl the unnatural pressure, with an Ciasticity ind joyousnens truly enchanting ; sho was, iq fact, a completo personihca la . . . . W Mioii Ot vonth and dadness. some mnv irfjSdmifo tho premature thoushtfulncss which aorrow begetsut that can.on! be from a want of dua reflection, for it is no more natural to think tho sweet lnushinu face of youth looks best when shaded by grief, than to consider the nun appears to most advantage when overshadowed by dark an sullen clouds ! No, no; youth is the season for joy and mirthfulnes, and ago for renec tion and care, I confess, at the end of ihrecmontb daily and uointerrupfed intercotrNe, wliich my affectiit at admjprfion JaQiirly increased far' lAcra. bt JliegaiuioJbcl uieir society as absolutely essential to 111 v comfort ami happiness, and am. convinced", from what raViv of her dispoNition, "that had I been selfish enough, to hav demnnd cd aucj a sacrifice, the grateful 0rtruge would willingly have becomo my il'e, to repay iio deep debt sho felt sho owed me ; --buMo ; I wished to bo a friend, a father to them both, and not to makotither pay so icariuiy tor nirMittle good I had done. I was determined to accomplish the object now nearest myx heart, in a more satisfactory nranncf to my own conscienceand the true happintss of tho dear girls;" I thereftire took aa'eaj ly opportunity of entering into a lull explanation abfut the peculiarly del icate and unprotected staid of the fair or phans, with my discreet housekeeper, Airs. Williams, expatiatingTat-gely on their am. laoie ctialities and gentleness of manner, but was most guarded in my commenda tions cf their personal charms, Ix-auty, in me ctcs oi temales ol " a certain age, bein'r considered almoht a crime : arid I -conculed by expressing a wish to have them placed . immediately unaer her own protection I dared not say my . own. S!o wjs gratified and flattered by the well- timed compliment, and graciously consent ea 10 rectivo tne 0un2 tauies. "poor things!' Btl trt beat l mako tltm eortilbrtbb! 1 and happy, --- I 1 piwwiy believed her, for she vai a tho rou"!ily berwvolent.hearteil woman. .0 thtHigh strictly, of tho " old school."-that Is, t Vj had not learnt to defy all morality and vWricy, but'thoiight it stiff "necessary to sacrifice something to appearances. The inotncnt, Hjwever, you convinced her of the purity ot thrnotivo byvhich you were actdated, her zeal knew no bounds ; she entrred hea rt an i sou! into the affair, and with all a woman s tenderness and tact, de- ised and invented a thousand plans to im prove on tho crudencss of one's own benev olence. I departcU with tlui alacrity of a bov lo impart tho pleasing negotiation to the dear 1 " J girls, taking care to order dinner forthrec. aTid particularly ichttoncd asweetbread" as 0110 01 inc siue oisncs. Clara was in ccstacics, at 1 tho proposal. but Gertrude received it witK more"reserva anl caution, cvide'iitly- weighing the conse quences of such a step in alt their bearings die World's censure,the nossibility of my repenting such .generosity, and tho misery of resuming poverty after tasting such lux ury. ' ; . 1 read these painful and connictins sen timents on her varied and ingenuous coun tenance, which uas. a mirror of truth and candor. " My advancedaseeomnleloiv ban ished the first objection. My assurances that she was necessary to my -corrlfort, the second. A nd sho was completely cpnqucr erf, when taking her hand, I said -, " Go or stay, my dear children, as you esce in my hnil arrangeiiKiits respecting mi lh)th, nsJiutcj equally between you at my death, having no relations to injure by so doing, and knr)wing-no HuniaM-beings more deserving and I humbly bless God for living lonsr- eooi gh to bcso useiul oif laBt-only yog might, Mmi Graham, had you felt . dis- pocd, have mido the Iiort reipfiant of an olJ sian's existence serene and happy.'1 It was t'w first time I had tmr used the 'umiality of addnasing Her as ?lLip Gra- lam : itxr W it 11 cn?nijT,,anj Durst in? in. ta tears, fxclaimed. " Mv dear kind ben. tfactor,f-nnre rrry coll calculation, but it was nvelTLVCUra's ako ihn my own Jlci I hesitated, jShe is soymtng andlicau. tijf J, that if I n mjI k-p Uf fair fame tutammlicd, she miM settle Tortunotely in le. U! Har nr, imi nas been me sole pc of my Heart for years, now more than ifir strcngtrppned, for I shall never, never narry now ! I A Vounger and vainer man than myself. fould have been, apt to apply meconclu. 4pn of, this speech most to the satisfaction d his self-love ; in Tact, i Anew, feom Ger ; tide's peculiar tone- and manner, but too VeiLrviiat it meant? but having paincdmy -lnt tixactly as . I wished, I ,affected the raost profound ignorance as to-what caused ser,a young and prttty'womaaKto jnaka tn slranM" a resolution. . Nothing could, exceed the exertion of 19,1841. the good Mrs. Williams during my absence, nor the cordiality of her welcome to the " sweet young ladies," atjd never didibxee happier persons sit down to dinner togeth er No lontrer was I comnelled by dire necessity to linorr out mvolhnrv Piid'un- socil-mealf for the sakef ferring that H-i iod, when left entirely alone fora ning, I must turn to a book, whethfitrsa' in clined or no, ti steal me from the Oppres sive sensc-of my own loneliness and ennui. Gertrude's painful remembrances of the past, ond Clara's joyous and sanguine an licipations of the future kept n pleasing and vnred conversation to a very protracted houry alternating froni melancholy to glad, ness; aslnall life should be, that we may neither be too much depressed-by the one, nor elated by the other. Again tho light laugh of woman echoed in that large gloomy room ; again her-lightcretep fell gladly on my car ; and again did my heai topcn its flood-gates of lonjpemupaffeefiuns, w hich gushed forth with art overpow(jing sense of felicityamiost too. much to bear. There certainty is, to the feeling mind, n degree op-yn'm attached to snprefne happinessr w hich casts a momentary weight of sau':;e?s on the spirits, and awakens more often tears than smiles to express it by. Clara received nil tho favors I henpe upon Her. .with. a prefuskullof thoJ liveliest thanks, w hich delighted me, as there could bo no doubt of the dear child s bejjig per fectly happy", Tint Gertrude's sense of tbll gation was of a more exalted and heartfelt kind. It was evident, from the devoted ness of her attentions, and Uio w'tchM ness of her manner, that sho studiously sought every opportunity of repaying them to tho utmost of hor power ; her heart was noble an I generous, hot it was proud to the last degree ; and every worJ anJ sentiment too plainly expressed that her happiness would havo consisted m conferring, 'and not receiving favors. Their two characters, so opposite, yet both so truly amiable and feminine, fur nished me with continued food for refli ctiog. When Clara kissed me and blessed me, and called mo "her dear second papa ," I felt it was tho artless effusion of almost in fnntilo affection ; tho heart responded a blessing at her innocent happiness, and then subsided into a state of serenity amounting neany to forgetfulness. But when Ger. trudo silently and warmly pressed my hand, while her dark reflective eye swam in tears, I left indeed it was from tho , irrepressible emotion, drawn from tho 'indwellings of woman s loving Heart, find the impression defied the power of oblivion-to euaceit.- Yes, yes, brilliant nnd volatile, my love ly, Clara j like the caudy and heedless but terfly, must erecito the desire of instant pur suit, out when obtained would she, olas-! be more prized ? 'While Gertrude in the unolftrusivcness of her retiring nature, when once known, must be for ever loved and esteemed. I had no profligate son, or artful, or de. signing nephew, to bestow" my darling Clara JmdJlcriibo.us3Bd pojjridsupQiL Hit she spared me tho embarrassment of liiwipg. a" ?!3JlCf!itJ,?.i-?h9'.nS on9 for Herself in tho son of her father s old commander. aisoa lieutenant in the navy; aiu never was there a finer specimen of a frank , open Hearted, honorobte youiig nmn than George rorrester-- - . Many may think this was not finite so good a match as her beauty and fasemations'cii tilled her to; perhaps not, whero riches and a high-sounding title are considered, how mistakenly, the only essentials to hap piness; but for my part I do not know to whom one could entrust the real happiness of a fond, artless girl so securely, as 0 a generous, noble-minded, affectionate young sailor. , " . ' Finding all my advice about the propri ety of. his taking aiial.heryoyn-ge, at least, before tho wedding, juife1 disregarded,-1 gave my cpnsent for it to take place early n the spring, and a very cay affair Clara is di terinined to make if, or rather them ; for I find it is the intention .of -Mr. Thomas and Matha to "bo married, too, on the same day "as dear Miss Clara and Mr. George." And if I cannot retain my amiable Gertrude an anyodmr terms, tlualc iBhail tiaakaiip. my mind to ba calletl "ar old fool" by the e 1 g'"-"" and compnnibn for life A uo 000 imagine, after reading this simple tale, chiefly founded on faets, that Jie is""too 'old to cxcrciso .an active benevo- IrnccT i ndced wrrapproaeh nca rer to the grave, our feelings of universal charity ought to increase with every receding year; a, in a shorf time, we must appear before that Being, who is all goodness, to-render an aecou'.i of the manner we have employ, ed the "talent" entrusted to us, and receive its final regard or punishment. In the year 101 iHwe were but three churches in the ciF 10 city et Urooklyn. ; At the pre lit tim IpT number is twentyne. The Daily News says, " that the first Me; thodist pTeaclier who ever litld forth in the Iowa o( Brooklyn, was a Cupt. Wcbban ouicer ot the ivngtistrarmy. 1 Vebv Comfortable. -A proposition is on foot in Belgium, to appoint a surgeon for every railroad station to tale care of the dead and woundednihey are brought jo.....THi-will be in tfw- highest degree consolatory to those who get their necks broken. " ( . ' ' i i T-" - - , - ' PorraiTioji or rnz U.Viteo States. The population of the fj. States under the ceDsusof 1840, is 1800,000 inhabitants, of all ages, sexes agd colours. ' t NUMBER-40 I"f At GL IIAC ADDRESS OI PRESIDE N T II A R R I S 0 N-; DELIVERED MARCH , 1841. ; ;' : . -.. CullJ frnrrr a retirement which I h supposed whs to continue for the residue of " my life; to fill theOiTerExccutiwr" Officii of this great and free NatibnTappear He fore you, felloft -citizensJefiako tl.e oaths which tho ComiitutiopTCScribes as a tie cessary qualification for the peril1 rmancd of its duties.And in obedience to a cus tom coevajith our Government, and what I belieye to bo yotir exspectations, I "pro ceed to Dresent vou a summary of the prin. es w hich will govern me in the discharge of tho duties which I shall bo called upori to perform. " . It was the remark of a, Roman Consul j in an early period of that? celebrated Re public, tha't a most striking contrast was observable in the conduct of candidates for offices of power and trust, before and afv Kr obtaining them-rl)py seldom carrying out, in tho latter case, the pledges and promises made in tho former. . However much' iImj World may be improved, in una"" :v respects-, in the lapse of upwards of two thousand years since the remark was madn by the-virtuous and indignant Roman, I , fear that a strict examination ojtho annals of some of the modern elective govern ments, would deveiopo similar instances of violated' confidence, Althoogh the fiat ef the ?eople has gone. : forth, proclaiming rnc the Chief Magistrate of this glorious Union, nothing upon their part remaining to be-. done, it may-bo thought that a motive may exist to Veep i up ; the delusion undeftwhkh they may be sup- posed lo have acted ii relation to my prin ciples aniUopinions ; and perhaps there may bo sbme i ijfhjs assembly who have come here either prepared to condemn thoso I shall now deliver, or, approving them, to doubt the sincerity with which they are utr tered. But the lapse of a few months will confirm or dispel their fears.' The outlino of principles to govern, and measures to be adopted, by an Administration not j'et begun, will soon be exchanged for immuta ble history, nnd I shall stand, either exon erated by my countrymen, or classed with' the mass of. those who promised that; they might deceive, and flattered with the inten tion to botrayiloweserstrongjmayjo7 my present purpose to realize the expecta-tions-of a magnanimous a,n4 confiding Peo ple, I -too well. understand the dangerous temptations to w hich shall be exposed from the magnitude of the power which it has been the pleasure of the People to commit to my humid, not to place tiny chief confi dence upon the aid of that Almighty pow er which has hitherto protected me, and en. abled me to bring to favorable issues other important but still greatly ihferior trusts,"" Heretofore con"6d3tr ttfmtroy: my country. The broad foundation ;Tipon which .ouc... Constitution rests being the... People at breath of theirs having niade, as a breath can unmake, change; or modify it it con be-fi signed ttonef-tflefeay-wvwonj of Government, but to that of democracy. If such isits theory, tliose who are :oallel tipon to administer it must recognize, as its leading principle, the duty of shaping their measures so as to produce the great- '. etitgood to tfogreutesliiumberIlut j witH these broad admissions, jf we would com pare the sovereignty aeknowlei3ged,t5 exist in the mass of our People, with the power imed by oflicr sovereigns, evenlby thoso which Have been cdnsidcrcd most burely ,, democratic, we shall find a most essential difference'. All others lay claim to. penver limited onlv by their cfwn -will.",,TJfb ma? jority of our crtiehs,11.!?!! the contrary, pos- ; scssa sovereignty W ith an amount ot pow- " er precisely eq"ol that which. Has been granted to them by ihe1 panics to 'the na tional compact, and nothing beyot.d. Wo admit of no O Jvcrftolcjit by di vine right. Believing that, so far as pwer iseoncern- ed, the Bene fieent Creator has "made no distinction amongst men; that all aro upon -an equality, and that the only Icghimato right to govern is an express grant of pow er from tho governed.- The Constitution of tho United States is tjie instrument con- taimng thirfp-an; departments composing the Government. I Un examination ol that UHuCTncrit It bo found, to. contain declajr-" t'lDns pr p-?,r grantedand of power- wiUihcld, : a ih wit- tor is also suscerrtiblo of division, into pow er winch the majority, had the right to grant, but which they did not think pror to 1a--trust to their agetits, and 4 which the v.. could not have granted, not being possess - , ed by themselves. In ether word, thcrfl aro ccrtain rights possessed by each indi vidual; A merican citizen, which, in his com pact with the others, HeJias never stirrer". " dercd. S jn)e of tliem, ipdeed, He is uriubla to surrender, being in the tangusgo of our " sj stern unalienable. The boastel privt- t -ge of a Roma n ciuzen was to him a hk M only ognirwt a jpetty pfovinciBl ruler, wfiiUt tho proiid dtmucrat o Alh ns coull con sole Himself urwler a sentence of 'death, for-., a supposed violation ftf tte' naUcnu fait?,., which no one onderstAod, and svliieh at ; times was the subject f the mockery of i!?, or tlie banishment from his Heme, bis fam- -ily and His country,, with, or without as aLI leged cAuse ; that it was the act, not of a single tyrant, or hated aristocracy, but of his assembled countrymen. Far different is thetowerof our.sovereigry. It can interfere wiih no one's fkith,-pretcriba -forms of worship fdr no one's ubn rvancr, inflict no punkhmett Hut arte; wril tigcer. tained guilt, the reu!t of irvtis'.Litoa un Wer rules prcsiribfid by t. j Co.;:"vii'un '. ' ' i v 1 .w ..... I, ti&V . Tib - -i f ..hi J r; 'f; i 'k -' 1 P -f 4 I ' u 3 , I 1 7' - -t . .

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