North Carolina Newspapers

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VOLUME IIfHS f S
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MISCELLANEOUS.
Edocatlon of All the People.
From the Weat Chriatian Advocate.
. PttiSBjrt State of Education. A brief
survey of the present condition of education
may be proper before-we proceed further
on this subject. Our resources of infor.
maUon, however, are very limited, not
having within our reach those statistics
which would enable us fo speak definitely
on some points ; nod indeed , '.the statistics
of education are imperfectly kept, and of
course as imperfectly known, nd much of
what is known we have not. Nevertheless,
pcrhnpa our brief discussion will suffer little
on this account, because it Is imperfect in
almost every other respect.
England. Among the strange things in
the world ia the fact, that England possess
es no generaljystem of eemenAaryeduc5.
tion. For the education of her clergy and
..-gentryj-shehas several-grt-pubticrclassir
cat schools, and two universities ; but she
has no national establishment, like that
which exits in Prussia and othercountrics,
to meet the convenience of the people at
large, so as to entitle every man in (he
kingdom to give h'w children a knowledge of
flic. common brandies ol education. Cus
tom has decreed that the land holders in
England, instead of paying a comparative
-trifle to teach the lower orders, should be
burdened with the enormous tax of thirty
one and a half millions of dollars annually
to support a body of paupers, most of whom
have sunk into that condition in conse
quence of the low morality attendant upon
ignorance.
To remedy t'uo want of a national estab
lishment two charitable institutions have
boon in operation forsomo -ycarsr-one -of
which is cheifly composed o( friends of the
Churchf-and the other Dissenters " while
the same purpose is aimed to be accomplish
ed by Sunday schools, and infant schools.
The boarding schools, so prevalent in Eng.
hnd, are accessible only to . the middle
ranks and the most wealthy, and they chief
ly aim at giving a classical education.
In 1818 there were in England 4167
endowed school, 14,282nncndi3wed
schools'. "and 3162 Sunday schools. All
these tocother educated, in whole or in part
644,000, or bn-iixUenUi of the whole
population. Of the 11,000 parishes, 3500
were without a school in 1820,
The system adopted by the two great
associations just mentioned is the monitori.
a!, modified by the Lancasterian which
was introduced by the Quakers. The- par
tisans of the Established Church first des
pised and then condemned this educational
project of a body dissenting from them: and
finally were obliged to set up something of
the same kind themselves, nslnejonly avail
able means of defending the interests of
the Establishment. Two rival associations
denominated tho British and Foreign
School Society, the former composed chief.
ly of the liberal and dissenting party, and
the latter under the crown' and Church,
now endeavored to anticipate each other in
the planting of monitorial schools in every
cluster of population throughout England.
Nevertheless, a great field of I,
still remained. In many places, a large
proportion of the people knew not tho al.
phabet. London alone contained 150,900
persons, or a tenth nart of the whole oopu.
iation, to whom tho means of education
were not accessible.
-Tho general government, however, has
taken up the subject with some small de.
greo of earnestness.,. In. the session of
1833, a grant of JC20j0OO was voted by
parliament, in aid of general education, and
this was followed subsequently by another,
and a select committee of the llouse of
Commons was charged with an inquiry in
to the state ol education among tho poorer
class of England and Wales. The object
of the grant of 1833 was the erection of
school houses.
ScoTlANiK Previously to the Reforma.
tion, Scotland was in much the same con
dition with regard to education as other
Christiajjucauiltriea of Europe, with per
haps tome inferiority on account of its,, ro
mote situation and narrow resourcesT By
an act of the Estates, in 1690, it was pro
vided that there should be a parochial
school and school master in every parish of
the kingdom, with a fixed salary, not un
der 5, lis. Id., nor over 11, 2s. 2d.,
payable by the heritors of the parish, in
proportion to their property, who should
have the power of drawing one-half oi their
tenants. The duty of locating the school
was imposed on the heritors ; and the ap
pointment of tho teacher and the supervi
sion of the school were instructed to the
. presbyteries. .
In "consequence " of" this "endowment.
which was never, .grudged by those from.
wnosc Dockets jt proceeded, every .parish
to tbeJungdom, except soma of those in tie
' ' 1
Xt
largf (owns, was furnished with a school,
in which reading, writing and nmmetic,
and in somcl cases, classical literature were
fobs teemed. ''-The fees-were generally for;
EngtUi, Is, fid., for .Arithmetic 2s., for
Latin 2. fid. per quarter: the poor being
admitted at about two-thirds of this rate.
The system thus avoided at once the dis
advantage of high fees, and that of an in
discriminate gratuitous admission.
One prominent department of education
in these schools was religon. The primer
was prefixed to and inseparable from the
catechism t nnd the first lessons in reading
were from it. JTie Bible was the other
text book of importance ; and thus almost
the only ideas obtained at school were those
of religion. To these causes, so early put
in force, the uncommon diffusion of pious
Teeling of morality, so common in Scotland
may by traced. '
An idea very generally prevails, that
Scotland is remarkably fortunate in respect
to education. She may be so in comparison
with some other nations; but this is not
the case, in raalitr. In 1818-thcro were
942 parochial schools, attended by 54,101
children ; this made only one in every 39
persons. , .
The state of Scotland as to elementary
education iii 1834 and 1835 may be thus
briefly summed up. There are 1005 parish
schools, being a few mora than the entire
number of parishes. In thfl " Highlands,
there are, besides 171 parish schools,. 324
supported by the society for promoting
Christian knowledge, and other charitable
institutions, nnd 86 planted by the General
Asscmbly-Throughout the wholecountryT
but cspecjaJJirLJhejmare populous-parts
and in large towns, there is a great num
berof private schools. In 181 8, tho num
ber was 2222, instructing 106,027 chit,
dren, nearly doublo the number in the pa.
rochial schools. It is therefore certain
that the parish schools of tho Establishment
have fallen completely behind the popula.
tion, and only accomplish in a small dc
grec the purpose for which they were in.
tended. - -
Tho efficiency of these means of instruc.
tion is various. In the 143 parishes of the
Highlands, even after the establishment of
86 charity schools, there are about 83,
000 persons who, from local circumstan
ces, have no moans of instruction within
their reach. In the 133 parihe f Aber.
deen, Banff, and Elgin, the average attend,
a nee at school is one-eleventh of the whole
populationrThe average in other districts
ranges from one-eleventh to one-twentieth.
One parish has one -fourth of her population
at school ; two parishes one-fifth : four
parishes one-sixth. In Edinburg, there
are no parish schools : nor till lately were
schools of any kind accessible to the poor ;
hence largo numbers of them grew up with
out education. In Glasgow 20,000 persons
are in this condition. In Paisley, though
the casc-waa .different thirty.fi ve years ago,
there are now 3000 families into-which ed.
ucation noes not enter. The proportion of
the, population which attends school in
Glasgow is one-fourteenth ; in Dundee one.
fifteenth Perth under one.fiftccnth ;r and
Aberdeen onc-twentyfifth ; Paisley Abbey
parish ono-f wentieth.
Tho amount of learning generally is
smnll. A child learns to read, and no
more is often supposed to be necessary.
He is hurried off to tho factories, with his
faculties still in a great measure dormant.
One teacher in general superintends the
tuition of a large number of boys, only a
few of whom can any time be deriving
much benefit from his services, t he pen
od of attending is short, and the impression
of school learning upon the mind is very
slight. The monitorial and intellectual
systems have as yet been partially adopted.
1 he private teachers are, in most cases,
women, or else men of very humble accom
plishments ; a result of tho very slender
emoluments, which range from 4 to 25,
the latter sum being very rarely exceeded.
The general education of Scotland is far
from what it ought to bo ; though superior
1o that of LnHaod and Ireland, and of most
other countries.
Ibei,aw. -In the dark agcsr Ireland re
markable aboveincherxounrrica-for
the number and excellence of its schools,
which were resorted to by students from
various parts of Europe.,. Under the deno.
mination of tho English, os well as the pe
culiar state of things in the island itself, ed
ucation, as well as most other public affairs
was neglected or mismanaged. The Pope
made a grant of the " green island, to
the British monarch, from which time little
prosperity has existed there. An act of
llenry VIII indeed imposed on the vicar
or rector of every parish the duty and cost
of keeping up a parochial school, in order
to instruct tho natives in the English
tongue. This, though confirmed by jan act
of William III, was never, more than a
dead letter. - The same act forbade Catho
lics to keep a school under a penalty of
twenty pounds and three months imprison
ment. This cruel act wasjBubsequently re.
pealed. The people, however, were to
educate their children, and maintained
number of those mean establishments called
hedge tchooJa, where a slender degree of
instructions was conferred on a considera
ble portion of the community, 7
During the century between 1731 and
1831 various attempts were .made by pri
vate associations, generally with the aid ef
government to educate the people of Ire.
land. Almost every one of them , however
went to wreck on the unjust principle that
jo religious msirwcuon tnouia do exau-
sjv!y Protestao . The celebrated Char
1,11 c la only 'ttf.be Valued
ASHEVILLE, NORTH CAROLINA
ter School Society commenced in. 1731,
has continued till a. recent period to pay
vast sums in the vain attempt to proselyts
by means -of -eduction, .fccaidei aQ the
privato contributions, the public parUamen.
tary grants amounted .to 1 ,105,860. i-A oe
incorporated association for discountcnan
ing vice, commenced in 1792, was the !
cond of these societies, and made a greet1
improvement on the first In their schools,
the Protestants learned the Church Cat.,
chism and the Catholics - were require!
only to read the Scriptures. In Noven
ber, 1819, it numbered-119 -schools7
tended by 4460 Protestant, and 1368 Cath
olic chilJren. In 1824, the number was
4578 Protestants, and 4368 Catholics.
The London Hibernian Society, establish,
ed in 1806, was less . liberal in its pUn,
and has not, therefore, done much good
among tho Catholics. . Irt 1 823, it had
053 schools attended by 61,387 scholars.
It had also many Sunday-schools.
In 1S12, the Kildare Place Society was
formed under the saction of a Paliamentary
cornmiyee forlhe" education of Ihe "Irish
ooor. Its grand principle was to afiord
education without any interference with the
peculiar tenets of any. Its specified objects
were to aid in the founding of new schools
and the Improvement of old ones, provided
the principles of the society were adopted r
io maintain io moaei scnoois lor tne exnioi
tion of their plan, and the training of teach
ers and to publish moral, instructive, and
entertaining books.
The society began to operate in 1817,
and in 1825 had 1490 schools, attended by
132,573 scholars, two-thirds of the schools
being- 4n Ulster;: The system of Instruction
was a combination from those of Bell,
Lancaster, and Pcstalozzi. The total grants
from Parliament up to 1854 amounted" to
200,508.
uuring tne same recent period, some.
thing has been done for the instruction of the
poor in Ireland by the Baptist Society, the
Irish Society, and tho Sunday School Soci
otyi:.Tho' last has been particularly effi.
cicnt.
From inquiries made in 1828, there were
in Ireland 11,823 elementary schools, of
which eight parts out of eleven were pay
schools, conducted by private enterprise
and altogether unnoticed with either the
clercv or charitabla. ennUti The num
ber of scholars in 1824 was 560.549, of
whom 77,326 were Protestants, and 307,
402 were Catholics: and 394.730 ofJhe
wholepaid for their education. The num
ber ot masters and mistresses in 1828 was
12,520, of whom 3098 were of the estab
lished Church. 1058 Presbvterians. and
8300 Catholics. The proportion of school
attendants shows better for Ireland than
England; a fact attributable to the higher
sense of the valuo of education entertained
by the Irish.
Such was the state of education in Ire
land, when in 1831 , the government resold
ed to commence a national system, avoid.
mg the real or supposed errors into which
others had fallen. They emitted the Bible
without notes to conciliate the Catholics.:
A board of superintendence was appointed
by the Lord Lieutenant, consisting of the
Protestant and Catholic archbishops of
Dublin, a Presbyterian and a few others.
As yet tho scheme has been tried only as
an experiment ; though it has mot with
some success in the lace ot a vigorous op.
positron from- the High Church party.
The schools now in operation afiord the
benefits of education to about 140,000
children. The members of the board con-
duct tho business in perfect harmony. The
religious part of education is kept separate
from the literary, and is entirely under the
control of tho various denominations of
clergy. One day of the week , besides Sun
day, is set apart for religious instruction
which is conducted by such pastors as "are
approved of by the parents or guardians of
the children.
FbAncBJ Previous to the first revolution
there were various kinds of schools in
which persons were prepared for the higher
seminaries. The Government did nothing
for the education of the people at large, and
the clergy, though possessing so large a part
of the property of Fra'nceVand having the
special instruction of the people under their
care, leA them in utter ignorance. Some
elementary schools were supported here
and there, but the instructions were scanty
and behind the age. Napoleon established
several military schools, and others for in
structions id trades and arts, and an impe
rial university was created to have the su
preme direction of instruction in France
But the plan was on a military principle and
did not succeed, so far as primary or ele
mentary education was concerned.
Since 1815, public instruction has been
a department of stale business, being tn-
trusted to a train of officers, the chief of
whomunder the title of Minister of Public
Instruction, has a scat in the cabinet. Nor
mai scnoois have been established all over
France for the preparation of teachers, ac
cording to a regular system.
In 1615, there were 22,343 elementary
schools, educating737 ,369 pupils. Inl819
the number of pupils was 1,130,000, or ope
for every twenty.five of the population. In
1828, there were 1,500 ,000, or ooe-twen
tieth of the population. - The number of the
educated,' however, is progressing at
more rapid "rate than the population'; and
the French government is not only making
liberal grants lor schools, but is about, to es
tablish a state system which shall provide
for the whole people. It has been calcula.
ted that a third part of the population, the
populate beirsg greater ia tfesouth than
as 4 U uiefally employed.
FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 4,
in the norjh, are unable to read or write. I
ErAiit. Tbrre are few establishment in j
Spain for the diffusion of the first rudiments
In kuweage,. A no lower cusses senior
earn to read and write : the higher are
seldom instructed In any thing but reading,
writing, and- arithmetic. Such as are In
tended for the learned professions attend a
Latin school three or- four years. Those
who go to the University are taught little
else than the logic and natural philosophy
of Aristotle and tho theology of Aquinas.
f a Spaniard therefore learn any thing like
true knew ledge he must leave his country
to acquire it Portugal is in a similar con.
. . - , O - - i, - . ; .
i lion. And the same may be said ot ooutn
America and Mexico, whoso inhabitants
carry with them the usages of their Father
anus with little or no variation, lliobpan-
iartls are , among the most ignorant and
bigoted people of Europe. Several gener.
ations must pass away, and numerous and
important changes be effected, before we
can expect that the great body of the Span.
lards and Portuguese, and their -colonial
descendants in America, can become en."
ightcned and moralized.
Denmark and thb is etjiebxands.
Denmark and Holland strive to keep jjace.
with Germany. Jn tho former country
there have been nominal schools for the
4ast forty years, and the monitorial system
t. i i i . . i-
nas oeon introuuceu unu ma nun surpns-
ins success. In Holland one-ntth or the
population is stated to be at school, and the
elementary seminaries are stated to uo un
der a good organization. In Belgium, ed.
ucation is too much in the hands ot the
priests ta be ina good condition.
Switzerland. In the Protestant can
tons of Switzerland, elementary education
is in a flourishing state, the schools have
from one-sixth to one-tenth in attendance.
In the Catholic cantons, education is not
so prosperous, nnd is chiefly in the hands
of the clergy. Education is partly support-
ed and superintended by the various loco
povcrnmenis : nnu in sevcroi (.-umuus
there are public institutions for the train
ing of teachers.
Noewav. In this -country- therefore
public schools, of which each parish has
one. the teacher being nnnointcd by the
bishons of the respective dioceses. Chil
dron arc compelled by law to nttend these
schools, in which they are instructed in
reading, combined with intellectual exer-
cises, religion, Bible history, singing', arith
mctieand writing The period ol attend.
ing is from seven years till the time of con
firmation, which generally takes place at
about sixteen or seventeen. Parents who
withdraw their children before that period
are liable to a fine 1 he teaches are part.
ly supported by a fixed piece of land, and
partly by a tax.
Sweden. The schools are mnch on the
same footing as they were in the teven
teenth century among the German Protest.
ants. The rroteitant clergy in the pos
session of the Church property of their
Catholic predecessors, show little dispost
tion to apply a part of it to the public in
struction ; and tho, Government is too poor
and too jealous to admit improvements
from foreign countries.
Poland. This country is ravaged by
Kussm, and education receives little attcn
tion or support.
Kussia. According to the decrees of
the Emperor Alexander, "schools" for the
circles, district, and parishes, were to be
instituted throughout the empire. 1 he cir
cle schools exist at present on the pattern
of the German gymnasia in most of the
capital cities of the government ' The dis
tnct schools are found in some towns of the
middling size. -The parish schools exMt
only in a very few villages. The greatest
and best part of this plan remains as yet un
executed. Several ages will be requisite
before the half civilized inhabitants of Rus
sia will be raised from the mental debase
ment in which they have been so long
plunged.
l he remainder ot mc topic will be giv
cn next week.
Father O'Flynn and Ills Coiigrc-
gallon
Father Francis OTIynn, or, nshe was
generally called by his parishioners, ' ta
thqr Frank,' was the choicest specimen you
could desire of a jolly, quiet-going, ease
loving,-Irish country priest of "tho old
school. His parish lay near a small town
in the eastern part of the county Cork, and
for forty-fivo years he lived amongst his
flock, performing all the duties of his office
and taking his dues (when he got them)
with never tiring good humor. But age
that spares not priest nor laymen, had sto
len upon Father Frank, and he gradually
relinquished to his younger curates the task
of preaching, till at length his sermons
dwindled down to two in the year one at
Christmas, and the other at Laster,at which
times his clerical dues w ere about coming
in. In one of these, memorable occnaions
thnt I first chanced to hear Father Frank
address his congregation. I have htm now
before my mind a eye, as he then appeared
a stout, middle-sized man, with ample
shoulders, cnvelorjed in a coat of superfine
black, and eubstantiaUegs encased in long
straight boots, reaching to tho knee. His
forehead, and ,the -upper part of his head
were bald : but the use of hair powder gave
a fine effect to his massive, but good-hu
mored features, thnt glowed with the rich
tint of a hale old age. ' A bunch of large
gold seals, depending from a massive jack,
chain of the same metal, oscillated with
beconsng'-dignity Jroro the lower verge of
his Waiscoat, over the goodr prea3C.,t;w rit ah njrvwte aayeeasftbirgrd
1812.
-.1
of his fair round belly.' Glancing his half
closed but . piercing eye,, round his audi,
tory, as if calculating the contents of every
pocket present, he commenced bis address
si follows '. ; ; -vm'"-
Well, my good people, I- suppose ye
know that to-morrow will be the patient of
Saint Fmeen, and no doubt ye II all be for
gotng to the blessed well to say your podhe-
reens; but 111 go. bail there s lew ol you
ever beard the rason why the water of that
well won t raise a lather, or wash any thing
clean, though you were to put all the soap
in Cork into it. Wellrpnyttention7and
II tell vou. Mrs. Delany- cant you keep
your child quiet while I am speaking?
"It happened a long while ago, tni ou
Fineen, a holy and devout Christian, lived
all alone, convaynient to the well ; there he
was to be found ever and always praying
and reading his breviary upon a cowld stone
that lay be6ido it. Unluckily enough, there
lved also in the neighborhood a cawecn
dahs called Morieen, and this Morieen had
a fashion of coming down to the well every
morning, nt sunrise, to wash her legs and
feet and, by all accounts, you couldn't
meet a whiter or a shaplier pair from this
to Bantry. Saint r incen, however, was so
disthractcd in his heavenly meditations,
poor man 1 that ho never once looked at
them, but kept bis eyes fast on his holy
books, while Morieen was rubbing and la.
thering away, till the legs used to look like
two beautiful pieces of alabaster in the clear
water. Matters went on this way some,
time, Morieen coming regular to the well,
till one fine morning, as she stepped into
the water she struck her foot against a stone
and cut it.
Oh! Millia murdher! What'll I do!"
cried the calliccn, in the pitifulest voice you
ever heard.
What's tho matter T" said Saint Fi-
nccn.
" I've cut my foot uyu this misfortinate
stone, soys she, making answer.
Then Suint Finccn.hfjcd up his eyes from
his blessed book, ond he saw Moneen s
legs and feet. . - ,
? Oh ! Morieen V says he, after looking
awhilo at them, " what white legs you have
cot!"
' Have 1 T says she, laughing, " ana
how do you know that ?"
" Immediately the Saint renumbered
himself and being full of remorse and coo.
thrition for his fault, he laid his commands
upon tho well, that its water should never
wash any thing whito again,-r-and, as 1
mentioned before, all the soap in Ireland
wouldn't raise a lather on it since. . Now
that's tho truo history of Saint Fincen's
blessed well ; and I hope and trust it will
bo a saysonnblo and premonitory lesson to
all the young men that hears me, not to
fall into tho vaynial sin of admiring the
white legs of the girls."
As soon as his reverence paused, a bun
of admiration ran through fjie chapel, ac
companied by that peculiar rabid noise
made by tho lower class of an Irish Roman
Catholic congregation when their feelings
df awe, astonishment, or piety are excited
byitlie preacher.
Ber Frank having tacn breath, and
wiped his forehead, resumed his address.
" I m going to change my subject now,
nnd I expect attention. Shawn Carry!
Where's Shawn Harry!"
Here,your Rivirence:' replied a voice
from the depth of tho crowd.
" Come up here, Shawn; till I examine
you about your Catechism and docthrincs."
A rough-headed fellow elbowed hia way alowly
through the congregation, and moulding hia old
bat into a thousand grotcequc aliapra, between hia
hng palma, presented himeelf before hia pastor,
with, very much the air of a puzzled philosopher.
' Well, Sbawn, my boy, do you know what ia
the meaning of Faith 7
Parfictly, your rivirencc, replied the fellow,
with a knowing grin. Faith meane when Paddy
Hogon givea me credit for lialf-a.pint of the beet?
' Get out of my eight, you ondayeent vaga
bond ; vou're a diagrace to my flock. Here, you
Tom M'Gawlcy, what'a Charity V
Bating a proceasarrer, your Rirircncc, re
plied Tom promptly.
Oh ! bleased aainta ! how I'm persecuted with
ye, root and branch. Jim Houlagban, I'm look,
ing at you, there, behind Peggy Callahan's cloak ;
come op here, you banging bone tiitvttn, and tell
me wiiat hi tne Uut lay 7
'I ded'nteomoto that vet. air.' replied Jim
scratching his head.
' I woulden't fear you. yoo Bosthoon; Well,
listen, and I'll tell you. It's the day when you'll
a!l have to settle your account, and I'm thinking -there'll
be a heavy score against some of you.
When that day cornea, I'll walk up to Heaven and I
rap at the ball. door. Then -St. Pcther, who j
willl takin' a nap after dinner in hia arm-chair
inaide, and not liking to be disturbed, will vail
out mighty early : Who's there t
' It's I, my lord,' I'll make answer.
Ay course he'll know my voice, and jumping
np like a crecket, he'll open the door aa wide aa
the hingea will let it, and ssy quite politely ,
"lam proud to see you here. Father Frank.
Walk fa,- if yoo please."
Upon that, I'll scrape my foct, and walk in, and
then St. Pettier will aay again
" Well, Father Frank, what have ynn got to
say for yourself T Did you look well aflher you
flock T and mind to have there all ehriatened, and
married, and buried, according to the rites of our
holy church r --
Now, good people, I've been (brty-five years
amongst you, and did'nt I christen every mother's
seal of .you J
CvgTtgttien. Yoa did, yoo did. your Hi.
virenee.
Father Frank, WeU, and did'nt I sorry the
moat of yon, too 1
CongrtgationsYcnx did, your Rivirenee. .
Fttktr Frv And did'nt I do my best ta get
decent matches for all yoor little girist And did'nt
I get good wivee for aU the well-behaved boys m
my pa rift T Why don't you spake np, Mick Don
van? ' . . .
Feller VeaJL WC, that's settled bat then
St. Pether will say Father Frank. say he
you're e proper man J bnt bow did your flock ba.
have to voo did tbev nav voor dute regular! 7 1
AbR etrWaas'iow sbaTI aswr, tfcal ejaeev
ii ' ' i'r"'! . " "' " i - y
WHOLE NUMBER 87
ofyoat doot be- ailiamed t oi Stnf pay 4
your priest's doee. Conw, maka a lane there,
and let ye all eome Bp with oonthrite heart end
open kanda. Tim Delany fnake Way t ot TmH
hew Much wttt Jo fWaTim t -:., ; t . ..
Tie. rnioi be woree than another, jour,
Rvlrence. M rive a crows. . , '
, Fmtktr Vewlv-Tbank vyou,' Timothy the
decent drop ia io yea. Keep a lane, there ! ny
of ve that karat a crows, or half-a-erown, doe't
be oaahftd of corning op with your hog or you
retiaer. ..' - -,
And thne Father Frank went on eneourarfnr
and wheedling' hia flock to pay up hie due, ontd
be baa gone througn hie entire eon pre pat loo,"
when I left the chapel, highly amused at the char:
acteriatie scene 1 had witneaacd. 'rrT
The Cardinal, the iainfeter snf
' the I'hralciau. ,
FROM THE FHEMCH. 3"
Early ono delightful morning in April, a
young man slopped at tho door of a litil
road-sido inn, situated near Paris. Io per.
son he was tall and slim, his t large black
eyes was full of fi re, while his countenance
was open and agreeable. Onhisentranco
ho accosted the landlady with " Give mu
some breakfast, my fair hostess j I havu
been walking since daj-break, and am vt.
ry hungry." As he was ' speakina 'there
came in another traveller, more' youthful
in appearance than the first., - Like him he
was on foot, ond seemed 1 much fatigued.
He was small wv stature, with a complex
ion of red and white ; and possessed the
voice and hands of a young girl. - " Mad.
am," said he, with great timidity, " give
me soma breakfast, if you - please," At
these words, the first comer advanced to.
ward him, saying, ' Monsieur, Ictus break.
fast togemejjoureaifelling en foot;
so anw f you are going to fans, to tiro I.
Let us sit at the same tabic, drink to each
other's health, then enter Paris together.
snake nands and separate ; do you agree T
The modest stranger, still with 1 tho same
tone of voice, replied, "you honor mo
much, sir, and I consent with great plus
sure." The meal was soon ready, and
they sat down, their plates end glasses
were filled, when a third travelller passed
the window, nndJookcd in. 'A his last was
dark and rather stout, his features were
grave and composed, hUT fine forehead
was shaded with long waving curls : of
brown hair. The manner of this comer
was very different from tho vivacity of the
first stranger or the timidity of the second.
Gentlemen," c-ied he to the others,
" will you not wail for a poor fellow like
me T but I fancy I am orrived just in lirnex
a tiitle later, "andmust have contented my.
self with the fragments of that magnificent
smoking ornltitt I see." As ho Concluded
the firs teavcller, with his ready "snw'e,
held out his hand and glass through tho
window, which tho fast .visitor iacceoted,
and th;n, entering the inn, placed himself
at the r nd of the table, tho bashful youth he.
ing in the middle, apparently ; astonished
that so many pleasant acquaintances should
be picked up on the road to- Paris. Their
repast was soon finished, and they pursued
their journey. . They were all 'travelling
the same road, ond they : walked to
gether. At last they arrived at the barri
er of Paris they stopped by mutual 'con
sent.Ti!L. then-conversation had been
light and cheerful, but they wcro. how
grave and pensive it was once more fho
first traveller who broke silence.: - "
" My namcrn said he, " Is Porta! j Tarn
coming a member of tho Academy of Sci.
ence, nna nrst physician to tho King."
"And I," said he of tho brown hair,
an going to Paris to becomo advocnto
general." -They waited for the modest
stranger to speak. - '
And I," he answered, with his soft
vo:co and air of timidity vwit Paris to
become a member of the French academy, -and
cardinal." ; .
" Then," said the others, grnvehy In.
king ofj their hats, it is you my lord, who
must pass first."
At that moment the clocks of a neigh.
boring church "struck", ond"they entered -Paris.
Let us follow the fate of those three
young men. The Inst mentioned become
the Abbe Maury .'an eloquent orator, mem.
ber of the French Academy. .and cardinal.
lie died honored' and esteemed." '
The other was Count Treillard, minis
ter of state, and friend of the emperor ; he
is still living and has not forgotten: his first-
entry into ram.
Th? tall vivacious PortaT. he became the
glory of his profession, member of the
Acawmy, professor he was all except
physician to the lying. Loh!s XVi.pcrislrocf
the on scaffold while Portal was yet a stu
dent. The republic had no physician, the
emperor hnd one who was hie friend, be
sides Portal would be attendant on a King
and he was. Ho Isceamc principal physi
cian to Louis XVI IT. Ponal died latelvV
,
At the annual dinner of the Southwest
Middlesex Agricultural Association, held
on Friday last at the Adam and Eve-Ion,
Hayes, near Exbridge, Mr. Ih Pownall, of
Spring Grove Honslbw, while eulogizing
tlie farmers of Middlesex, on their high de.
gree of intelligence nnd practical judg.
ment, produced a head of corn, which be
said had been grown id the neighborhood
of his residence, and as a proof of their me
nting the eutozy he had passed npon them
stated that he had. that day shown the head
of corn to Mr.Sherborn,of Bedfont, who
on examining it, immediately said, hv was
Egyptian cortf which Mr.Pownal! hid
grown from grain found within the cover. ",
ing of an Egyptian mummy, within which'
it bad been enclosed for upwards ef .2000
years, a statement which produced great
I sensation ibrsMgh1? at rtrstDctiae
11
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