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0 / 75
"Life it nly to be rained as it ! auefnlly employed.
VOLUME II NUMBER 43.
U'lLlSHED WEEK LV BY
t IT. CHRISTY & CO.,
rtSairfttitow of the Pelted ttitu,
h b puW-bed wkl.i Two Dot,
.rW Ourn pot annum, in advance I or
,,MUOf WT ! L. jl.A after tha
w" m..- iu vilL M aU cmm. i
fc-il-eriptkm diaeonttaoed (except at the op
. hlidriO until all arrearage, are paid-
III i r
. f the raited State.
... ceinN nc TUP
MSS1 AT THl 5tmn."'"""
rPnnLic. No. 1.1
m ACT making .ppropriUoii, in port, for the
A y.r cih. Tr hm thousand eiflit
..j.l. bm are nerej, -n-"i"-' " i
l .MMMM.I.H. In h mirl
- lMj Humpv in the Treasury.
, fcnr hundred thousand dollars.
St lb. officer, and clerk, of the Senate
IKuteof Representative twenty-five thou.
TJher ineidcntal and contingent expense, of
j j-.ii-.- Far stauonerv, luci, ikiiiuuk, muu
Ue Senate, twemy-n ""-" u " . i
MIMuajJuel, priming, " "..
Ilingcnt eipenrc. otlhff liome of Rrpre.
tirra, one hundred tbouaand do.lar ; jPre.
iU That bo part of the .urn. appropriated for
.L.ii.Mnt eioeiises of either House of Con.
shall be applied to any other than the ordi.
Lrr siaendilure. of tho Senate and Ilouae of
tamwniatiTca, nor a extra allowance' to any
4jei aessengor, or other attendant of the .aid
o Hoie. or either of ihrm.
tw" . . jOIIN WIIITE,
Smoker f tU Houte of Repreeentative.
SAML L. SOUTHARD,
AwroTed, Dtctrober 22, 1841.
W"'1- . . . JOIIN XYLER.
2 Poblic No. 2.1
iX ACT to uthoriie an iaaue of Trcaaury note.,
ttitatUi v t Senate and Huum f Re-
-nlibMi (7ai(ed (a(r of Ameria m
UnM 8 later u hereby aiitboriced to caiue Trea
mIm la ba iaaoed for uch aura or lumt aa
ik Mweaeiei of the Government may requffe,
tie of aucb of the aame a. may be re
ricaad to eame other, to be iwuod, but not ex.
etedatf tbeiura of fire million, of dollar of thie
miraaa eotatandinr at any one time, and to be
hwniaaderthe limitation, and other provieione
eMtaiaed ia the act entitled H An act to autbo.
metbtiKamrof Treaaory ootea," approved the
tnlfUl f October, one thooaand eieht hundred
uA durtT-eeren, except that the authority here.
tj irea to aaoe Treaeary noue anmu expira ai
the mi of on year from the paanage of thia act
ApproTfd, January 31, 1H43.
A5 ACT makinf an appropriation for th relief
eas foteetion of American aeamea in hbxibi
tt it nuclei a tU Senate and Houte of Re.
frmnUtnee mftke United Stale of Amenta in
tvnm mwMd, That the aum or btteen ttiou
niad dollari be, and the aame ia hereby, appropri
ate to be paid out of any unappropriated money
ffltitTaiiurTjr Jherclief and protertian of
Ancriean teamen in foreign eewitrica, to ba ex
pnded nnder the" direction of the Secretary of
MaH,ia panoane of tho "Act upplementary
to tka act eoneerntnf conaula and vice coniula,
and far the further protection of American lea.
a' paawd tentyigbtfr i'ebruaxy, eighteen
bnaered and three.
Approred, February 12, 1843.
1 AH ACT making appropriation fo
in? anproptiationa for nenaion. in
the jew one tbouaand eight hundred and forty'
, Be it tnocUi hw the Senate and Home of Re.
pfntttketof tie United Slate of America in
Cngroe tumbled. That the following aum. be,
aad tea tame are hereby, appropriated, out of any
oMy in the Treasury not otherwise appropria
te, to wit:
for Kerolationary pensions, under the act of
"eighteenth of March, eigbtesn hundred and
ojhtetn, in addiUoo to a probable balance at the
of the .r eighteen hundred and forty-one,
feu hundred eighty-eight thooaand .even hon
eaiid ainety-nina dollars, eighty-eight thou-
two hundred and eixty-one dolfara.
tor invalid penaiona, under varioua acta, two
edthoasand two hundred and seTcnty.five
iW pension, ia widow, and orphans, per act of
wharthof July, eighteen hundred and thirty.
" addition ta larnhta Kir V,aLnP all tKs AHrl
ear eighteen hundred and forty-one, of
r thoueand dollars, two hundred fo rty.two
la "ononarea and forty dollar.
- nre years pensions to widow," per act of
"M July, eighteen hundred and thirty-eight,
hundred thouwnddollsrs. .
Broved, February 12, 1842.
(Pcbuc No. 5.1
aL . to Prevido for the early diaposition of
" rf lying in the 8ute of Alabama, ao-
JM hom the Cherokee Indian by the treaty
Hi y-o'n f December, eighteen hundred
. We.thirty.fiT,.. , .
Jr1ydhf tie. Senate ami Roam of Me.
E-"'' tke United State of America m
rajmolei, ThauU that part of the ler
rW. Mrea fton the Cherokee Indiana by the
J ewEehota,of twenty.ninth Decern
lUuTtKr?1"1 "f"1 hunlre thirtyve,
?Jtote Alabama, which lie. west of
?jiding range, two and three east of the
aTfcT n of Hun,ailla, .hall be added to
HtlT1 .rrt of d district and all the tor-e-oired
by the said tresty within the said
aZT "tocbed to the Huntoville district, aa
IsitrfTr4' h11 annexed to and form a
e-T hnd litriet, in said State.
ToffiLt fur,,Ur e'. That the
htmiZlZ? ' " & land district, at present
mZ J' 'ille. ah.H be removed to Leba-
ajproved, March 4, 1842.
AH kr-rL tPoBUc-.No. 6.
CoZlL ,fthorim Judge of Hi District
to kojj Um district of Pennsylvania,
Bt it-i5? eeaion of the taid court.
r 7 ue
Unitxtt Slmtrm mf 4w!rm im
ad W d.rnmn of fsnnsytrania be, I
ehy. tothoraad Va hold a tpeeial tee- 1
a ion of tb. aaid court at a time to be by him de
signated, In lies of tilt regular teas ion which wet
appointed by law to be begun and held oa the
third Monday of February, on thoueand eight
Hundred ana lony.iwo, nut wa. prevented by a
vacancy in the office of the diatriot judge. And
the marshal, clerk, and all Other officers of the
aaid court are hereby enjoined and required to
make all needful arrangement, for carrying into
cnect we provision, oi ini. act.
Approved, March 19, 1842.
Public No. 7.
AN ACT .upplementary to an act entitled Aa
act to amend the act approved May thirteenth,
one thousand eight hundred, entitled. An act to
amend an act to establish the judicial courts of
ma united Biaiee. , ,
Be it enacted im tie Senate and Mfonat mf JZe.
preeentatme of ike United Statei of America in
Congret eeoembled. That the judge, of the court.
or the United State In the KtaUof fennaylva
nia be, and they hereby are, authorised to appoint.
wtien tiler deem It necessary, one or more com.
missioners in the different cities and counties, or
any of them, of the district, in which their courts
are held, who shall have power, by virtue of such
appointment, to select from the taxable citizen,
residing within the limit of the said counties and
cities a number (to be designated from time to
time by the said judges) of sober, judicious, and
intelligent persons, t) serve aa juror in the aaid
courts ; and the commissioners so appointed .hall
return tho name by them selected to the marshal.
of the proper district ; whereupon the aaid court,
shall, by du. appointment., rules, and regulations,
conform the further designation and toe empan.
netting of juries, in substance, to the law. and
usages which may be in force in such 8 late.
Approved, March IS, 1UU.
fPCBLtC No. 8.1 "
AN ACT to authorixe the Governor of the State
oflllinoie, Arkansas, add Missouri, W cause to
be selected the lands therein mentioned.
Be it enacted-bv the Senate and Houte of Re.
preeentatitei of tho United State of America in
Congret aeeemblea, I bat so much of tbe eighth
section of the act entitled "An act to appropriate
In proceed of the sale of the public lands, and
to grant pre-emptions," approved September four.
one thousand eight hundred and forty-one, a pro
vides that the selections ol the grants, or land
made to the several State therein mentioned, for
the puniosc of internal improvement, shall be
made, respectively, in such manner as the legis
latures thereof tliall direct, is so fat modified ts to
authorixe the Governor of the State of Illinois,
Arkansas, and Missouri to cause the selections to
be made for those Stales without tlie necessity of
convening the Legislature thereof for that purpose.
Approved, March 13, 1B-M. ,
From the Western Christian Advocate.
Tlie Experience of a reformed
Mr. Editor. am no writer for tho pub.
lie eye, nor do I profess to be a public
speaker; yet I have often lately, while
reading in your valuable paper, the Western
Christian Advocate, (tor which I have been
a subscriber since its commencement,) the
accounts of the progress of the temperance
and total abstinence cause, felt a strong
impulse moving my heart to write you a
short account of my own experience and
mora especially when 1 read the account
given by Vickers of himself and others ;
and of the general work going on in the re
claiming and reformation of the confirmed
drunkard. The motive by which I am ac
tuated thus publicly to come -out and ac
4 k now ledge jnysftlf a reclaimed drunkard, is
not that there is any thing to glory of in my
past days of infamy ; or that I seek, praise
of applause of tho world ; but an abiding
sense of imperious duty. ' Were I to con
stilt myWn feelings; instead of recounting
over those scenes of misery and degrada.
Hon, I would, had I tho power, at once
strike, jnto oblivion that part of my history,
on whose pago the days of "my disgrace
are recorded; but alas! that ennnot be
done. It may be that some poor trembling
inebriate, desiring to shake off tho chains of
drunkenness, may be encouraged by the
following to strive for the mastery. Should
this be the case, I shall be truly gratified.
I was born near tlio borders of bnglaod
of respectable parents. I, with the rest of
the children, except tho yojngest, was ta.
vored with a common business education.
My father, as early as I can remember, was
in the habit of occasionally attending the
ale-house, which habit grew with his years.
never shall forget tho nights that 1 (be.
ng the oldest boy) had to set up with my
poor mother, wailing his return from the
ale-house, and dreading it tooj for we knew
not what kind of humor he would be in.
Sometimes. he was good humored, and, at
other times, wry -cross - nothing - would
p.ease him. Often has he thrown the sup
per, which my dear mother would keep,
warm for him till midnight, under the grate,
and broken all the dishes. - With air his
faults, however, I never knew him to strike
her. I often wondorcd at my mother's pa.
tie nee, for sho never said an aggravating
word to him, nor even talked to him of his
course, except when sober. Often when I
had to turn out at night, sometimes cold and
rainy, to seek him, and invito him borne,
did I think, that should 1 ever become a man
never would act so. out these resolutions
vanished with riper years. When I was
about thirteen, my father failed in business;
and after three years spent in trying fo ar-
range his affairs, and again get into bus).'
noss, he finally gave up, and sailed for the
United States. After my father failed, I
was apprenticed to the mercantile business
nd remained the time for which 1 agreed
three yeara then left and was one year
in the city of London as shopman. Here
was the first step taken from the path of
virtue the place that has been the ruin of
thousands of the youth of Great Britain. 1
My first step from the path of virtue was
in attending the theatre. There 1 first par
took of the intoxicating draught; and for
a long time I never liked it, and but seldom
used it, until alter my arrival in the United
My mother ana the fatally follow.
ASHEVILLE, NORTH CAROLINA,
ed my father to the United States one year
afterwards, and shortly after I came. My
parents had settled in S., J. county, O.,
whore they still live. About six months
after my arrival, I got into a situation as
clerk in a store, which situation I kept about
three years. It was during the last eigh.
teen months, or two years of that term, that
I contracted a relish for liquors, which
seemed to me insurmountable. About this
time, I tsed to board at home ; and had
contracted acquaintance with several young
men. as dissipated as myself, and was often
at grog-shops till midnight. I then would
go home where I was sure to find my , poor
mother sitting up waiting my return. To
the vice of drinking, about this time, I ad
ded that of gambling. Often would my
mother expostulate with -me telling me 1
was losing my reputation destroying my
health, and her peace of mind; but I did
not break off My companions hung to me
like leeches, and whatever resolution 1
made, it was suro to be broken by the rail
ing of my associates, many of whom rank
ed among the most respectable, when not
in brothels at midnight. 1 shall never for
get one night in particular.., My jiear mo
ther followed me to my room after I had re.
turned from my night revels, and threw her.
self upon my nock, weeping bitter tears
entreating me, by ull thut I valued of repu
tation, health, happiness, peace of mind,
and the affection sho knew I still had for
her, to promise her I would become what I
once had-Jieea her.prMaJtnd joyJHOlhe
agony of mind I felt that night it is be
yond tho power of description. I resolved
and promised to abstain entirely ; but alas!
my resolution and promise vunished. I am
fully confident it was tho grace of God thut
enubled me to make those resolutions ; and
had I sought the same grace to have kept
me,' 1 should have stood firm against the
raillery of my companions. I had to put
up with a great deal; and on several occa.
sions would have fought in defence of mv
resolutions, but all was in vaiu. After m:i.
ny fruitless attempts to reform, and much
forbearance on the part of my employers, 1
resolved to leave that part of the country ;
and started,- in company-wilh two- other
young men, for the south, with the express
determination of breaking off tho evil, and
retrieving, if possible, my ruined charac
ter. This 1 resolved to do, or never return
to that place which held all that was dear
to me on earth. It was in the fall of the
year that we left. One of my companions
was a tried mrnd, and ol sober habits
the other a young man too much of my own
stamp. Many a time during our route to
St. Louis, in the State of Missouri, I was
under the influence of liquor ; yet trying to
quit it by tapering off, as the saying is. It
happened with me, as it does with nil who
try to quit by degrees, only increasing the
evil. Experience has taught me that there
is no safety, nor sure hope of deliverance,
but in total abandonment at onco and for
ever, lictter ten tnousana times ocitcr
die-trying to do right than lengthen out tlie
brittle thread of a miserable existence by
the very means fhat make it still more mis-
erable, and finally plunge the soul deeper
into an awful bell, lo proceed : my friend
and myself got into business in Su Louis
immediately on our arrival. lie remained
there withjne through the winter, and in
tne spring returnea nome. v nue ne re
mained he was a great help to me, and I at
most fancied I had overcome the evil ; but
when he left f i had no friend to . jakc.his
warning voice, and to watch over me as he
had done. I soon returned with increasing
appetite, to the liquid stream, and continued
drinking until I was forced from necessity
to drink to enable me to do my business.
I was really unfit for business unless under
the excitement of liquor. In the morning
I could not write until I 1iad taken about a
gill or half a pint, p! wretched Hate!
when I think of it now, it makes me sick at
heart. Finally, after being in that situa
tion for nearly a year, Most it in disgrace.
It was a, very good place ; and for a good
while I was respected, and enjoyed the con;
fidence of my employer ; but finally I lost-
all through drunkenness. 1 associated with
the meanest, or rather the lowest of crea
tion. Any person acquainted witlv a city
ou a navigable water course knows what
kind of society is to be found on the street
nearest the water: these were my associ
ates. Indeed these poor degraded- crea.
tu res were the only ones that showed me
any kindness : they would share with me
their last six-pence. While debased and
wretched themselves, they pitied my fallen
condition, and tendered me that kindness,
which, had it come from another source,
might have been the means of reclaiming
me, but which, coming from them, only
sunk me deeper and deeper in infamy and
wretchedness. I toiled for awhile as a day
laborer, turning the lathe for a Frenchman
who had known mo in former days. 1
boarded awhile with a man that bore the
name of a Christian, and kept a grocery
and boarding-house or tavern. I had sold
him goods often, and. was well acquainted
with him ; and he, instead of befriending
me," and endeavoring to reclaim me, took
from me my coat, the only decent one I had
to pay for the drink and boarding for which
I owed him. After I left there, I had no
regular place of boarding, but ate a meal
now and then, wherever I could get it, and
often slept out in a field, where I had no
bed but the grass and no covering but the
starry heavens. I finally got on a steam
boat and went up to Galena, Fever river,
at the time the troops went up from Jefler.
on barracks to suppress the Winnebago
war, as it was thaa ewrsd. On my arrival
FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 29,
at the above named place, I met with a per
son that I had sold goods to in at. touis,
who was then carrying on the smelting bu
siness, mining, &c, and had a store of
goods. 1 engaged with him and Ins partner
as clerk, and was with them for two years,
and about two or three months at White
Oak Springs, Cassville, &c. At ihe lat
ter place, we erected the second building
and furnace that were erected there. I
think the persons name that had a furnace
started before ours was Rich: of this I
would not be positive, neither ia it material.
I was going to say, that when I engaged
with them, 1 set about endeavoring to re
form, and battled bard as I thought, which
attempt resulted as before, and I only sunk
deeper and deeper in woe. Then it was I
abandoned all hope of ever quitting the evil;
and sought to drown my sorrows and aw
ful feelings in the bowl. Often have I, in.
tho anguish of my soul, wept over my
wretched and ruined condition, when look
ing back on the past, and reflecting on tho
future. I seemed doomed to live and die a
poor degraded outcast far from home and
kindred. O if there is a hell upon earth, it
is in the breast of that man who has neg
lected privileges, .turned blessings into curs-
es, followed the evil propensities of his own
nature, until they have led him as it were to
the verge of the grave and that awful cter
nity where frowns an angry God. The
persons wiih whom I lived at this lime, were
very kind to me. Mrs. P. pitied rayjwretch
ed condition, and watched over mo as her
S . L
own son. I sometimes had what '"isTefined
a fit of mania potu, or delirium tremens.
No sober man knfows tho misery of such a
state : no language can paint it : no thought
can ever conceive the torments of thoso
hours. It was after one of those scenes that
I resolved to abnudon drunkenness, and if
I died, it should be trying to refrain from
that most abominable of all vices. . I had a
hard struggle ; but through tho aid of my
friends, with whom I lived,- and tlie .grace
of God, I was enabled to persevere; and
as I progressed, the way began to brighten ;
and I had a fuint hope that I should yet see
better and happier d.iys, which encouraged
trie much; though fears would still often
arise: it almost seemed impossible that I
who had been such a slave should remain
free. I resolved, however, to refrain every
day as it came ; and concluded as long as
I never drank, 1 certainly could not again
bo overtaken'. In about a year after this,
1 left that country, and returned home, not
one cent richer than I went, but sound and
in my right mind. Shortly after my return
I was reinstated by my old employer.
Every ono looked upon mo with a dillerent
eyc.T Many again courted my company
that formerly had been my Associates, but
I had had enough of them. I remai ned two
.... i i
years in that situation married ana mov
ed to where I now live. As yet I hadjoin.
ed no temperance society; but about two
years after my marriage, when on a visit to
my parents, 1 joined a temperance society
myself; likewise my father, my mother,
and all my father's family at tho same time.
My father has kept his integrity, and lives
so burly. In about one year after thut, I
becamo a Subject ol tho grace ol uou. 1
sought and obtained the pardon of my sins,
and became a member of the Methodist
Ejiiscopal Church ; and I trust that through
gracd I Shalt nc" ehableifld live to' glority
God on earth, and finally be brought to in.
hent eternal life. My motto has been is
now-aqd. shall bo while I Jive, Touch nqlj
taste not, handle not the unclean--ihe accurt.
ed thing. When I review my life, as I often
do, I am constrained to cry out, ' What
has God wrought?" Delivered me from
drunkenness blessed me with an affection,
ate wife and five pledges of our love and
ubundance of the things of this life and I
trust grateful hearts my pathway through
time cheered by a pleasing proipect of im
mortality and eternal life. I could tell you
of two in my own neighborhood reclaimed
one that 1 attended during some of his
fits: I prayed with and for him ; he also is
now clothed and in his right mind, and sit.
ting at the feet of Jesus. May the Lord
surround such with his grace, and1 keep
them to their lile-s end.:- '
- Yours, &c. . ' '
I. II. W ATKINS.
E- C county, Ohio. -
"A LlOX SCARED BY A DREAMER." It
happened on one occasion a short time pre
vious to our arrival among this tribe, that
a Bosdhman, in hunting a troop of zebras;
had just succeeded in wounding ono ol them
with an arrow, When a lion sprang out of
an opposite thicket, and showed a decided
inclination to dispute the prize. 1 he Bosch
man luckily being near a tree, dropped his
arms, and climbed for safety without a mo
ment's delay., to an upperbranch. The
lion having allowed the wounded zebra to
pass on, now turned his whole attention to.
wards the perching huntsman, and wai, ed
round and round the tree ; he now and tnen
growled, and looked up at him rather un.
pleasantly. . At length the lion lay down at
the foot of the tree, and kept watch all
night. Towards morning sleep overcome
the hitherto wakeful Boschman, and he
dreamt that he had fallen into the lion's
mouth. Starting from the effects of his
dream, he lost his scat, and tumbling from
the high branch on which he had been re- '
posing, came squash down upon the lion's
ribs. Ihe monster not being at all prepar
ed for an assault of this description, bolted
off with a tremendous roar, and Boschman
lost no time in taking to his heels in the
opposite direction, scarcely believing the
evidence of bis senses. Sir J. Alexander
Discoveries in Smith Afrita.
mil. CLAY'S TALEDICTOBY.
OTln this number of our paper, we are
able to lay before our readers the remarks
made by Hon, Henry Clat, on taking his
leave of the United States Senate. They
will not fail to make a deep impression on
the minds of all candid men who read them
with attention. As a statesman and patriot,
Mr. Clay has few equals, and perhaps no
superior, in the Union, if indeed in the
world. We would have published his Val
edictory sooner, but had not room. "
IN SENATE MARCH 31, 1842.
After several reports from committees on
private claims, and ordering two or three
private bills to be engrossed
Mr. CLAY said (as imperfectly heard in
the Reporter's gallery) that, before proceed
ing to make the motion for which ho had
risen, he begged leave to submit, on the
only occasion afforded him, an observation
or two on a different subject. It would be
remembered that he had offered, on a for
mer day, some resolutions going to propose
certain amendments in the Constitution of
the United States'; they had undergone some
discussion" and he had been desirous of ob.
taining an expression of tho sense of the
Senate upon their adoption ; but owing to
the infirm state of his health, to the press
ureof "business in the Senate, and especial
ly to tho absence at this moment of several
ofTiTs frrehdsheniadcrudetl thisTdrbe
unnecessary ; nor should he deem himself
called upon to reply to tin! arguments of such
gentlemen as hud considered it their duty
to oppose tjie resolutions. He should com.
mit the subject, therefore, to the hands of.
the Senate, to be disposed of as their judg
ment should dictate : concluding what he
had to any in relation lo them with the re
mark, that" the convictions he had before
entertained in regard-to the severarerrreneV
mcnts, he still deliberately-held, after all
that ho had heard upon the subjects of
And now, said Mr. C., allow me to nn.
nounco, formally and officially, my retire,
merit from the Senate of the United States,
and to present the last motion I shall ever
make in this body. But, before I make
that motion, I trust I shall be pardoned if I
avail myself of the occasion to makes few
observations which are suggested to my
mind by the present occasion.
. I entered the Sennle of the United Slates
in 1806. I regarded that body then, and
still contemplate it, as a body which may
compare, without disadvantage, with any
legislative assembly, either of ancient or
modem times, whether I look to its dignity,
tho extent and imnortanco of its powers, or
the ability by which its individual members
have been distinguished, or its constitution.
If compared in any of these respects with
the Senates dither of France or of England,
that of the United States will sustain no
derogation. With respect to the mode of
its constitution, of these bodies I may ob.
serve that in the House of Peers in England
with the exceptions but of Ireland and of
Scotland and in that of France with no
exception whatever the members hold
their places under no delegated authority,
but derive them from the grant of the Crown
transmitted by descent, or expressed in" new
patents of nobility ; While hero we have the
proud title ol lieprescntatives ol sovereign
btatcs of ajstioct and. .mftpendont Corn
monwealths. If we look again at the powers exercised
by thc&enatcs of France and England, and
by the Senate of the United States, we shall
fiqd that tho aggregate of power is much
greater hero. In all tho members possess
the legislative poWcr. " In the foreign Se-
nates, as in this, tho judicial power is in
vested, although there it exists in a larger
degree than here. But on the other hand,
that vast undefined, and undcfinable power
involved in the right to co-operate with the
Executive in the formation and ratification
of treaties, is enjoyed in all its magnitude
and weight by this body, while it is pos
sessed by neither of theirs ; besides which,
lhere-4s another of very great practical im
portance that of sharing with the Execu
tive branch in distributing the vast patron
age' of this Government. In both these
latter respects, we stand on grounds differ
ent from the House of Peers either of Eng.
land or France. And then as to the dignity
and decorum of its proceedings, and ordi.
narily as to the ability of its members, I
can with great truth declare that, during
the whole long period of my knowledge of
this Senate it can; without arrogance or
presumption, sustdin no disadvantageous
comparison with any public body in ancient
or modern times.
Full of attraction, however, as a scat in
this Senate is, sufficient as it is to fill the
aspirations of tho most ambitious heart, I
have long determined to forego it, and to
seek that reposo which can be enjoyed only
in the shades of private life, and amid the
calm pleasures which belong to that beloved
word " home."
It was my purpose to terminate my con
nexion with this body in November, 1840,
after the memorable and glorious political
struggle which distinguished that year ; but
I learned, soon after, what Indeed f had for
some time anticipated from the result of my
own reflections, that an extra session of
Congress would bo called, and I felt desi
rous to co-operate with my political and
personal friends in restoring, if it could be
effected,' the prosperity of ihe cotfntry by
the best measures which their united coun.
sels might be able to dvise, and I therefore
WHOLE NUMBER 95.
attended the extra session. It was called,
as all know, by the lamented Harrison;
but his death and the consequent accession
of his successor produced an entirely new
aspect of public affairs. Had he lived, I
have not one particle of doubt thar every
important measure for which the country
had hoped with so confident an expectation
would nave been consummated by the co.
operation of the Executive branch of the
Government. And here allow me to say,
only in regard to that so much-reproached
extra session of Congress, that I believe if
any of thoso who, through the influence of
Earty spirit or the bias of political prejudico,
avo loudly censured the measures then
adopted, will look at them in a spirit of
candor and of justice, their conclusion,anl
that of the country generally will be that if
there exists any just ground of complaint,
it is to be found not in what was done, bi t
in what was left unfinished.
Had President Harrison lived, and the
measures devised at that session been fully
carried out, it was my intention then to have
resigned my seat. But, the hope (I feartd
it might prove a vain hope) that at the re
gular session the measures which we had
left undone might even then bo perfected,
or the same object attained in an equivalent
form, induced me to postpone the determi
nation; and events which arose after tbe
extra session, resulting from the failure of
those measures which had been proposed at
that session, and which appeared to throw
on our political friends a temporary show
of defeat confirmed mo intWroaolmkm to
attend the present session also, end, who-
ther in prosperity or adversity, to share the
fortune of my friends; But I resolved at
the same time to retire ns soon as I could
do so with propriety and decency.
From 180fJ, jhe period of my entry on
this noble theatre, with short intervals, to
the present time,! have been engaged in the
public councils, at homo or abroad. Of tho
nature or the value of tlie services rendered -during
that long and arduous period of my
life it docs not become mo to speak ; history
if she deigns to notice me, and posterity,
if the recollections of my humble actions,
shall be transmitted lo posterity," tiro the
best, tho truest, and the most impartial
judges. When death has closed the scene
their sentence will be pronounced, and to
that I appeal and refer myself. My acts
and public conduct arc a fair subject for tho
criticism and judgment of my fellow men ;
but the private motives by which they have
been prompted are known only to the great
Searcher of the human heart and to myself
and I trust I may. be pardoned for repeating
a declaration made some thirteen years sgo,
that whatever errors and doubtless there
have been many may be discovered in a
review of my public service to tho country,
I can with unshaken confidence appeal to .
that Divine Arbiter for the truth of the de
duration that I have been influenced by no
i npure purpose, no personal motive have
sought no personal aggrandizement ; but
that in all my public ants I havChad a sole
and single eye, and a warm and devoted
heart, directed and dedicated to what in my
best judgment I believed to be the true in.
te rests of my country.
During that long period, however, I have
not escaped the fate of other public men,
nor failed to incur censures and detraction
of the bitterest mo unrelenting, and most
malignant character ; and although not ul.
ways insensible to the pain :t was meant to
inflicjuJ, Jiavejwrn.9 jtJnenjraXwithcom; r,
posure, and without disturbance here,
pointing to his breast, waiting as I have
done, in perfect and undoubting confidence,
for the ultimate triumph of justice and of
truth, and in the entire persuasion that timo
would, in the end, settle all things as they
should b?, and that whatever wrong or in
justice I might experience at tho hands of
man, He to whom all hearts are open and
fully known, would in the. end, by the in
scrutable dispensations of His Providence,,
rectify all error, redress all wrong, and
cause ample justice to be done.
But I have not meanwhile been unsus-
taincd. Every where througliaut the extent
of this groat continent I have iiad cordial,
warm-hearted, and devoted friends, who
have known me and justly appreciated my
motives.. .To them, if language were sus
ceptible of fully expressing tny aknow.
leugemcnis, l wouia now otieriuem as an
tho return I have "now to make for their
genuine, disinterested, and persevering
fidelity and devoted attachment. But if I
fail in suitable language to express my era- '
titude to them for all the kindness they have
shown . me what shall 1 say what can I
sav at all commensurato with those feelings
ot gratitude which 1 owe to the state whose
humble Representative and servant I have
been in this Chamber. Here Mr. C's feel
ings appeared to. overpower him and he
proceeded with deep sensibility and with
I emigrated from Virginia to the State of
Kentucky now nearly forty-five years ago;
I went as an orphan who had not yet at
tained the age of majority who had never
recognised a father's smile, nor felt his ca.
resscs poor pennyless without the fa.
vor of the great with an imperfect and
inadequate education , limited to the ordinary
business and common pursuits of life ; but
.carce had I set my foot upon her generous
toil when I was seized and embraced with
parental fondness, caressed ns though I had
been a favorite child, and patronised with
liberal and unbounded munificence. From
thnt period, the highest honors of the State
have beerl freely bestowed upon the f-nnd
afterward, ia the darkest hour of calumny
tad dec-action, whee I sceiJ ro be for.
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