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0 / 75
iiv ' SSS ' ' " ' - , " - ' - ." ' ' ' ' 1
Life Is nlf t be valued it ia nsefallf employed."
OLUMK IL-NUMBER U.
ASHEVILLE, NORTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY C, 1842.
WHOLE NUMBER 9G.
TpujiiSHED WEEKLY, BY" .
t it. CHRISTY & CO.,
IjliiSen I Ibe law. of the United Statci.
1. 11 J L I- IP.. IVit'
Fim Cists per annum, m advance ; or
r n ...mm 1 1 nnwiucii. m twmivn . v .
f "... . 1A1K Number from the time of aub.
W' - rr Tk urns wilL in mil cut, it
r-jjfarM r ' ' '
Vr'1 .: JiMnntinned fexoent at the on.
fcnMf 7 7
IMn aiinCI ii'kiv" .
. . ...Kii.hAr.1 until all arrcarairea are paid.
. : MISCELLANEOUS.
iacdate ! Whlnf ton.
.:. -went address, tho Rev. Dr. Cox
I , ..j ika fnllrtwinor temperance anecdote
f .k- p.therbf his Country. The officer
fiW to was the father of a member of
h.Cot'n church: .t
Towards ma ciose ui un itiu.uuuuoij
:.. .ffirir in the armv had occasion to
(jy III V'MV " -i
Mct some business with Gen. Washing.
bo, and repaired to rnnaocipnia ior uroi
Lirnote. Detore leaving no rcceiveu km
JittttOn to OHIO Willi wo ucibi.i, t.
kecpted, nd upon entering tho room, ho
f, J himself in the company of a largo
mraber of ladies and gentlemen. As they
rere mostly strangers to him, and he was
Aturally of a modest and unassuming dis.
ositioir, beiook a seat near the foot of the
nblo nd refrained from taking an active
art in the conversation. Just beforelhu
linner was concluded, Gen. Washington
ailed bim by name and requested him to
Ifiok i glass of wine with him.
"You will have me goouness to excuse'
i8'Gencral,"was the reply, " as I have
isd it a rule not to mice wmo.
illsvoa wfrn instantly turned bnon the
All vj J I
nfRmr anil a murmur of aurnrise
uuiik u,"uw i - r
.mi I.A... ran iirniinil thn room."' T'hnt A
atju huiimi -v.
VrMn should be so unsocial and so mean
ju oewr to dnok wine, was really too bad j
M that be should abstain from it on an oc-
!,.;- lilra (hat. and even when rwTered to
,v,avw " "
bio by Washington himgelf.it was perfectly
inioierauie : .
Wiuhinirton saw at oncft the feelin?s of
hiis guests, and promptly addressed them :
"uenuemen, saiu ne, .nr. is
Xt t Annul ivioli antf of rrv mineta in
Urtitra nl anv tJiinir a Vnlnst thnir ihnlina.
Iiioo, and I certainly do not wish thexn to
violate anv established vrincivle. in their
social intercourse with me. I honor Mr.
for his frankness, and for his consist,
epcy in thus adhering to a rulo which can
ruivn. An him Harm n twt fi i t Via ftrlrmttVin nf
i which I have no doubt he has good and suf.
'c . ft
iiixai reasons.:: . . .. :
Dr. Cox remarked, after concluding this
uecdote, that the nam assumed by the
present rrformera lha name of Wasliimr.
tonians,"- was peculiarly appropriate. He
thought that if the " Father of his country"
u alive at the present day, ho would be
first and foremost in the great cause of re.
form, and that the Door drunkard would find
him a friend ana a Drolector. indeed.
Standard " 7
The way to Wilmington.
Not lone since fsava the PicavuiieV a
Itettmbodl travpllrr n nn hiii wnv frnm
rounded inatSmithville landinir. N. C. It
;wm late at night, and of Day & Martin
uamaess ine piack chaos around was a
kind of polished Erebus and nothing was
distinguishable save a boy waving a torch
at aome distance from ' he boat. Now, as
hoya do not stand on waves when they, want
1 wave torches, there were many on board
" boat shrewd enough to know that there
must be land somewhere in the vicinity. On
Utsatrengthof this conviction, one of the
passengers, anxious and cautious as to the
progress of his journey, called out to the
with the torch
"Hello!" " -.!
wnllness. .-. . " - : 1
J? What place is this t"
North Carolina' sung out the boy.
ihn answer nrnvnLcl a rr-aat loimh nn
i A! enoi,Sh amng the passengers, and
. . ,VVhat, yourbamef" roarded one who
naa iung.strength enough to drown all the
'! tol ?tow " shuted the boy!
Where do you live ?" bellowed the hu.
reorous questioner still louder.
an V01" was once more the
knT!-' 5)llowed by a tremendous peal of
IT a T lhe nni a -ympathetic
.r'V""" oi the paddles. When a
PWW silence ensued, the stentorian cross
u ?rwas heard again.
' tuu 1 Vn of Nortn Carolina ?"
La . 7'UP there were Miss Effy Butts
"a to live !"
This reply created more boisterous fun
r t)kplace before, and it seemed as if
" laughter would never cease. At length
wwer question was put, just as the boat
7, ""g the spot where the boy s'ood :
Whtch is the way to Wilmington 1"
t.rl- y Pauscd Instant, and then
nrerinj!!7 y int CODTulsioM by an-
S W - -
ob aUS.ID inf?rmBnt is not always met with
-0t dart "'ghfln North Carolina.
vith the apotnecary it takes three scru.
P tomakea dram ; but with the drunkard
""V drams to make one acrople.
A stout, hearty vender of small wares,
of genuine " Jerry Sneak" aspect, made
his way into the Bow street Police Office,
London, and after peeping cautiously about
him, as ii to be sure some object of dread
was not present, walked up to the magis-
trate, and in an alarmed whisper,' said "1
want to swear my lile, your worship."
Magistrate Against whom T
Applicant (looking about carefully)
against my (sottiy) wite.
Mngistrate What has she been doing T
Applicant She s always a hiding me.
There was only this morning she smacked
my lace because I put another lump of su
gar in my tea when I thought ahe wasn't
Magistrate Well, you know you took
her for better or worse.
Applicant Yes, but she's all " worse."
I'm so miserable that I'n sure I shall do
something shocking. I think I could ma.
nago her if I could separate her from the
Magistrate Lock it away from her.
Applicant She's got all the keys.
Magistrate Don't let her have any mo
Applicant She keeps all the cash.
Magistrate Part from her.
Applicant She won't lot me.
" Then," said the magistrate, in a tone
of perplexity, I don't know what to ad-
vise. 1 here a only one course run on to
A well-known civic wag, at a Inte period
of political excitement, maintained a defen
sive colloquy with a rustic inquisitive,
which could hardly have been excelled by
any Transatlantic performer. In travelling
post, ho was obliged to stop at a village to
replace a..horsc!s shoe, when the Paul Pry
of tho place bustled up to the carriage win
dow, and, without waiting for the ceremony
of an introduction, exclaimed " Good
morning, sir! horse cast a shoe, I see
I suppose you be going to "
Here he paused, expecting the name of
tho place to be supplied ; but the citizen
" You are quite right, sir : I generally
go there at this season."
Ay hum do ye ? and. no doubt you
be come now from"
" Right again, sir ; I live there."
" " Oh , ay, do ye t - But I see it be a Lon
don shiy? Pray, sir, is there anything
stirring in London T
" Yes ; plenty of other chaises, and car
riages of all sorts." . . .. 1 . v -
" Ay, ay, cl coursa: but what do loins
" Their prayers every bunday."
" That is not what I mean : I wish to
know whether there is any thing new and
" Yes, bread and herrings."
Anan! you be a queer chap. Pray,
muster, may I ask your name ?"
Fools and clowns call mo ' muster,
but I am, in reality, one of tho frogs of
Aristophanes, and my genuine rTsmerrc
UrekekekcrKoax. Drive on, postillion.
Think of it. rj A humming bird once met
a butterfly, and being pleased with tho beau
ty of its,person ond ths.ory oL'its wing.
made an oiler of perpetual friendship.
" 1 cannot think ot it, was the reply,
" as you once spurned at me, and called
me a stupid dolt." . -
" Impossible!" exclaimed tho humming,
bird " I always entertained tho highest
respect for such beautiful creatures as you.'
Perhaps you do now," said the' other ;
but when you insulted me, I was a cater,
pillar. So let me give you this piece of ad
vice : never insult the humble, as they may
one day become your superiors.
A musieal amateur of eminence, who
had often observed Mr. Cadogan's inatten
tion to his performances, said to him one
day J"Comc,-1 am determined to make you
feel the force of music pay particular at.
tention to this piece." It accordingly was
played. "Well what do you say now?"
" Why, just what I said before." " What !
can you heiW this and not be charmed?
Well, I am quite surprised at your insensi-
bility. --Where are your ears?" " Bear
with me, my lord,"; replied Mr. Cadogan,
since Itoo have had my surprise; 1 have
often from the pulpit set before you striking
and affecting truths : I have sounded notes
that have raised the dead: I have said,
Surely he will feel now; but you never
seemed charmed with my music, though
infinitely more interesting than yours. I
too have been ready to say with astonish
MAn. Whpi'ii nri vonr pnrfl ? '"'-
Clerical anecdote. 1 heKev. Mr. W,
of Bristol county, Mass., related the follow,
ing anecdote of himself. Ho wished to ad
dress every portion of his flock, in a man
ner to impress i them most deeply, and ac.
cordingly gave jiotice that he would preach
separate sermons to the oia, to young men,
to young women, and to sinners'. At his
first sermon, the house was full, but not one
aged, person was there. At the second, to
young men, every lady in the parish was
present, and but a tew tor wnom u was in.
tended. At the third, a few young ladies
attended, but the aisles were crowded with
young men. And the fourth, addressed to
sinners not a solitary individual was there,
except the sexton and the organist. "So,'
said the good parson, " I found that every
body came to church to hear his neighbor
scolded, but M one tared to be spoken ef
i.:..tr ; - - -
: : 777. J
Facts In tne history of cotton.
Until the beginning of Jdie 18th century
the small quantity of cotton required in
England was brought from Cyprus and
Smyrna, in tho Mediterranean. The avo
rage annual importation into England, from
1700 to 1705, was 1,171 .OOOIbs.
. In 1730, cotton was first spun by ma
chinery by Mr. Wyatt.
In 1733, on the 25th November, Mr.
Philip Miller, of Chelsea, England, pre.
scnted tho Trustees for the settlement of
Georgia, a paper of cotton seed, which
reached here in March!' 1734. la 1735,
the Dutch Colony of Surinam, in South
America, nrst sent home cotton.
In 1741, the imports of raw cotton into
England were 1,000,000 lbs.
In 1742, tho first cotton spinning mill
was erected at Birmingham; the motive
power was mules or horses.
In 1760, tho entire" value of cotton ma
nuftictured goods in England was estimated
at only 200,000.
In 1761, Arkwright, (afterwards Sir
Richard.) obtained his first patent for his
spinning frame, though it was not brought
to any great perfection until some years
In 1707, James Margraves invented the
spinning jenny, which spun eight tnreaas
instead of otic,and was ultimately improved
to an astonishing extent. The imports of
raw cotton this year were only about 3,000,.
L In 1774a Jbjlljreceived tho royal assent,
prohibiting the exportation of utcnsi!s em
ployed in the cotton manufacture.
In 1777, tho mulo jenny was invented.
In 1781, Ireland first exported cotton
goods to England, having sent over cotton
to the value of 157, cotton stockings,
17,339 pairs. . '
In 1782, lirazil nrst exported cotton to
England ; ...L-.-,
There was exported this year into ling.
land 11,828,000 lbs.;" and exported 421,.
000 lbs., and the quantity manufactured is
set down eleven and a half millions lbs.
In 1785, tho power loom was invented
by Rev. Mr. Carlwright.
Steam engines of Watt s invention was
first introduced as the motive power of ma
chinery in cotton manufactories.
1788, Chlorine nrst used as a bleaching
agent, . ,, ,
1787, cotton spinning machinery first set
up in France.
1789, Sea Island cotton first introduced
into the South, and short staple cotton be
gun to be cultivated.
1790, Mr. Slater erected the first cotton
mill in America, at Pawtuket, R. I. The
village in its vicinity is now called Ilattcrs
ville. - '
1792, Eli Whitney, of Connecticut, but
then of Georgia, invented the cotton gin.
1798, cotton mills introduced into Swit
zerland. Exports from the United States,
9,300,000 lbs. Price in America, 39cts.;
in England, 22d. to 45d. Value of A mo.
rican exports, three and a half millions
1803, first cotton factory built in New.
1815, tho first power loom -introduced
into the United States, at Waltham, Mass.
1822, first cotton factory erected at Lo-
L823rEgypt,ilst exported, cotton, to
1826, Robert's self-acting mule spinner
invented in England.
Thus from 200,000, the value of cot
ton goods manufactured in England in 1760,
it rose in a little more than half a century
to over 34,000,000.
In 1841, the cipital invested in the East
ern States of this Union, in the cotton ma-
nufacture was $40,612,984.
A GLASS FOR THE INTEMPERATE.
Who hath wo? Who hath sorrow?
Who hath contentions? " Who hath
. wounds without cause ? Who
. hath redness of eyes? They
that tarry long at the wine !
They that go, to seek mix
' ed wine, Look not thou
upon tho wino when
it is red when it
gi vet hits color
when it ' -
it biteth like a
serpent and stingeth like an adder.
IBfBlAND DESTRUCTIVE BUSINESS.
Dealing out, the nauseous and poisonous
drain was never an honorable trade in its
best days. But now, when a large portion
of the very drunkards themselves have
risen up against it and condemned it when
they arc begging and entreating the retailer
andgrog-scller to desist from his vile traffic,
it is rendered doubly criminal. The dealer
sins against j light:' lho forlorn wife and
ragged, hungry shivering children, are
held up to his view. If tho picture is not
hideous to him, as the.anthor of all their
suffering, it is because hrs feelings are
seared, and his heart has become a hard
as adamant. The thief and highway rob
ber are small offenders compared with him.
They take property only. He robs of
health, peace, comfort, and every enjoy
ment, and sends poverty, disease, family
discord, misery, and death itself. Shame
on wen business ! -Ijiwi JSetori
Warren's idea of a Government. In
a letter written by Gen. Warren on the 26th
May, 1775, loss than a month before his
death, which was read by Mr. Bancroft be.
fore the Lyceum on Thursday night, he
defined a truo democratic government in
the following words;
" I would have such a government as
would give to every man the greatest liberty
toi do what he pleased, without doing injury
to another such a government as would
contribute to the good of the whole with thy
least injury to individuals."
Ideas like there, which are found plenti
fully among his writings, prove that War.
ren was ah able and liberal minded states,
man, as well as a brave and patriotic sol.
dier ; and that (in the words of Mr. Ban.
croft) " there was not in our country a man
who had more of futurity in him more of
lhe' glorious promise than Joseph Warren
when he sank in his blood on IJunker Hill.
A swearer reproved. A man in the
State of New York, who was extremely
addicted to profane swearing, was one day
at work with a yoke of oxen, not working
to suit him. ho began whipping them sc.
vercly, at the same time uttering vollies of
most horrid blasphemous oaths. 1 he oxen
breaking loose from their burden, ran to
the house, whilo the owner in a passion
pursued them,, and cdmirig ; up "with them at
the house, began whipping them again and
swearing horribly as before. Uislittle boy,
at this time lust ohr enougTTTo brain to
talk, began to prattle his profane oaths
over after him. No sooner did the father
hear this, than his feelings were wrought
up to a lively sensibility. . He paused for a
moment, dropped his . whip, sat down and
wept bitterly. A flood of keen reflections
at one rushed upon his convicted conscience,
w hich produced such an-effect, that he found
no rest to his mind day or night, until his
sins were forgiven and washed away in the
blood of Christ, which took place a few
weeks afterwards. Cltas. Observer.
A printer's anecdote. It used to be
related of Corporal Nymn, a printer well
known for many years in this town as being
more remarkablo for his odd humour than
tho length of his purse,.' that whilo he was
travelling from Lowell to Boston he was
met by a highwayman, who politely (as is
the custom of those gentry) demanded his
purse. "My dear sir," quoth Corporal
Nymn, " I perceive you don't kiiow me!""
" That is nothing to the purpose, sir, give
up your purse immediately," demanded the
highwayman. The Corporal repeated with
earnestness which could not be misunder
stood. "Positively you don't know me."
" Well," said the highwayman, surprised
at tho manner of the Corporal, " who the
dpvil are you?" " Why I'm a printer."
" A printer did you say? Whew ! I'm off,
dry picking .'"Lowell paper.
From the Farmer's Cabinet.)
Accidental Experiment Results of Tor
Dressimo on Clover. On walking over a clover
field Which hnd then brm mown the rond time
for seed, and the crop raked windrows, I observed
that a square space, about an acre, was much moru
thickly set, and the leave of a more vigorous aj
pcarance, than any oilier portion of the field, and
Hecing that tlx? prcat tliicknera of the crop was
marked with the exactitude of a line, I pointed
"it burto rny Tricrid from a "cfisf aneB' ashsfwork-p
of a bad mower, who had k it part of the crop on
the land, not having cut " the bottom half inch,"
but on a closer inspection I could perceive that the
line ran across the swathes, and not trilh them ;
so that this could not bo the cause of the very
great difference in the appearance of Die crop,
which was found to proceed altogether from a
closer plant of mnch more vigorous growth ; on
whichjnjiriend remarked, " The clover seed with;
which this field was sown, was saved Tiy myself,'
was carefully cleaned in the barn, and taken im
mediately from thence and sown in the field ; but
my seedsman scattered it too plentifully at first,
and the consequence was, the clean seed was all
exhausted, and the square which you see was left
unsown ; but not being willing to leave this por
tion of the field without a crop, and- havingtio
seed at hand, I took the clover chaff from the
barn, and scattered it very thickly over the un
sown portion of the land, thinking there might be
a few seeds contained amongst it ; and you ngw
see the result, after two crops of far heavier bulk
have been removed from the spot before us."
Plaster of Paris fixes the ammonia of the at.
mojphcre in the soil, and ita influence is thus de.
Jicribed by Licbig. and its good effects may be pro.
onged by the use of ashes, which will restore to
the land the potash removed in a scries of hay or
grass crops : '.'
The evident influence of gypsum upon the
growth of grasses the striking fertility and luxu.
riance of a meadow upon which it is strewed
depends only upon ita fixing in the soil the ammo,
nia of the atmosphere, which would otherwise
be volatilised, with the water which evaporates.
The carbonate of ammonia contained in rain wa
ter la decomposed by gypsum, in precisely the
same manner aa in the manufacture of sal-ammoniac.
Soluble sulphate of ammonia and car
bonate of lime are formed ; and' this salt of am
monia possessing no volatility, is consequently re.
taincd in the soil. All the gypsum gradually dia.
appears, but its action upon the carbonate of am
monia continues as long as a trace of.it exists.
llut when we increase the crop of grass in a
meadow by means of gyptam, we remove a grea
ter quantity of potash with the hay than can, un.
der the same circumstance, be restored. Hence
it happen that after .the Inpae of several years', the
crops of grass on the mebdows manured with gyp.
sum diminish, owing to1 the deficiency of potash.
But if the m callow be strewed from time to time
with wood allies, even with the lixivated ashes
which have been nsed by soap-boilers, (in&Serma
ny much soap ia made from the ashes of wood.)
then the grass thrives as luxuriantly aa before.
Tho ashes are only a means of restoring the pot
ash. .i. --m-V--,
FoaiNara - Euxtusxcc.- " May it please -the
court and gentlemen of -the jury r We shall at
tempt to prove. 1st, that my client's hog did not
commit ariy depredations od tho complainant's
fenoe ; 2d, that Um Bog broke only three piokata
matead of six, a Mt forth in tha indictment ; and
3d(tht tor altau Ass ne hog, mm nevtr W." .
Mr. SmxiOXS' SPEECH.
IN SENATE MARCH 11.
Tha resolutions of Mr. CLAY, in relation to the
adjustment of duties on imports, the limitation
of the expenditures of the Government, and sug
gesting a curtailment of all unnecessary ex.
penses, and the observance of a rigid economy,
being under consideration
Mr. SIMMONS, of Rhode Island, ad
dressed the Senate as follows :
-Mr. President : I propose to soy a few
words upon the questions now before the
Senate, but shull confine my remarks to such
of them as are contained in the five first re.
solutions of the scries, and to tho amend
ments proposed, because they relate to mat
ters now under consideration in a committeo
of which I am a member.
The purpose of these five first resolutions
is, to have the Senate declare what shall be
the annual amount of revenue, and how it
shall be levied and collected.
Oiher and subsequent resolutions propose
modes of retrenchment. In these the result
is stated ; and they assume that, wilh proper
retrenchment and economy, it will be requi
site that an annual amount of twenty-six
millions of dollars be raised to meet all tho
engagements of the Government, viz: twen-ty-two
millions for ordinary annual expen
ditures ; two millions for the gradual pay.
ment of the existing debt ; and two millions
for contingencies, and for a reserved fund.
They propose to raise these twenty-six
millions by such a modification of existing
1't.ata na i' i ) ! n.i'ifonl thwit rrli ml inn fC 1 lio
are contemplated by those laws, but which
reductions cannot bo made consistently with
tho public interest. 'They proposo other
direct and distinct changes from tho prac
tices of thcXiovcrnment under tho lato Ad
ministration ; such as that we shall stop
running in debt, and also, cease to apply the
lamifuiid to the payment of ordinary daily
expenses in time of peace.
All these propositions appear to me to be
recommended by every consideration of
sound policy and justice ; and yet they arc
opposed, lleuce we have tho jmcndiiicnts
proposed by the honorable Senator from N.
York '(Mr. Wright) which I suppose should
be first considered,' although as I construe
the rules, they bring the original resolutions
also within the range of the debate.
., Thafirst resolution agreeajy.iih the views
of nil sides. The amendmants to the other
four, and which I propose first to examine,
seem to have two objects : one is to com
plain of what was done at the extra session,
nnd tho other to prevent ttny declaration by
the Sennto of what is proper to be done at
this ; -and thus defeat the whole purpose of
the original resolutions, which was to make
such a declaration, upon the subject cmbra
ced, ns would form the basis of present
legislation. The amendments propose no
such thing ; and make no declaration of the
amount to be raised for revenue. As this
npprars upon the face of tho amendments,
it might seem to be sufficient to dispose of
them at once ; but the argument of the hon.
mover seems to be in support of thorn, or, 1
should rather say, in'defeneo or excuse of
the expendituwa-of-tlw-late ndminNt ration
The nmeuJinjiit has indeed very liule, and
the argument less, tod.) with tho renl ques
tion presented in the resolutions, viz : the
annual amount of revenue necessary for the
Government for years to come.
This afeumeiit .TisTo'elbljeoFxcBsc of
tho lato administration and its friends in
Congress, for tho appropriation-and-expcD.
diture of immensely larger sums of money
than was ever before known in our Govern.
merit, in" anv Presidential term, in time of
peace, 1 am free to almit was, us tho argu.
.asents of the djsUn-iihed Senator gencrai.
ly nrej -ingenious, able," hnd foai loss. It
remains to be scn whether it has sufficient
warrant in the facts it refers to, and upon
which it entirely depends, to prevent the
public judgment from determining that it
was also a rcckless ono. I will not say what
may be expected from tho public judgment,
but propose to examino and present the facts
upon which tho argument rests. These are
drawn from the same source, by the mover
of thn original resolutions, nnd also by the
mover of the amendments, viz: the tables
showing the cxpenditurcsof former years.
Tho honorablo Senator.from Kentucky,
(Mr. Clay) gave the aggregate expenditure
for each of tho four years of the lust admin
istration, from 1837 to 1840, inclusive,
amounting in all to over ono hundred and
forty-one millions of dollars, making an nve.
rage of over thirty-five millions per annum;
and from this ho deducted his own estimate
of what ought to be the annual amount of
ordinary expenses, (viz: twenty-two mil
lions) and thereby showed an excess of thir
teen millions a year over tho expenditure
proposed by himself. He declined to go
into tho details of the expenditures of the
late administration, to show how this excess
The honorable Senator, from New York
went into tho detail, in his reply, to the Sc.
nator from Kentucky.andcomplainnd of the
liability of such gcnerul statements to mis.
lead the public. He admitted that the ex
penditures for the whole four years were
8141,584,221, but alleges that a large
amount ($30,597,848) was for other than
the ordinary expenses of Government, and
that the bald nee, ot about ono hundred and
eleven millions Was the actual amount of
the ordinary expenses of the Government
for the four years, making, in round num.
hers, an averajOXpndltQiofbouTTwcnv
ty eight millions per year for ordinary ex.
penses, and of about seven millions per year
for dhU, contingencies, tc. i
A ilia Geuuioa statement, j wins, gives
plainer, if not a more correct, view of the
actual expenditures of the late administra.
tion, and enables us more clearly to sec tho
difference between them and the proposed
estimate for the future revenue and expend
itures of tho Government. It shows that
the amount for tho actual expenses of the
late administration (of twenty -eight millions
a year) greatly exceeds tho proposed esti
mate of twenty. two millions for tho same
objects in future, exhibiting a clear saving
of six millions a year," by the present esti
mate, and puts in strong contrast their
ten millions and a half per year for debts
and contingencies, compared with the four
millions now proposed, for the gradual pay
ment of the debt thrown upon us, unpaid by
the late administration, and for contingen
cies. The Senator from New York here in
terposed and said, " But two millions of this
is now proposed for tha payment of the
Mr. Simmons continued. I agraa it is
proposed that two millions a year shall be,
but more of it may be, applied to that object
if it can be, and a ' trflictent amount bo
retained in a course of years to meet con
tingencies ; and whether more than two
millions may be regarded as nn improve
ment of our condition, by lessening our
debts, cannot now be told. All will agree,
however, that tho" contrast aflorded by tho
detailed mode of stating the accounts, adopt
cd by the Senator, is highly favorable, whe
ther the actual saving be six millions or
The honorable Senator cbhTcnds fhanho
six millions n year, ns proposed for the rt
duction of ordinary expenses, is not suffi
cient, nnd that those expenses should be cut
down to a greater extent.
It is proper to examine his reasons for
this. He says these very large oppropria
lions and expenditures of the late adminis
tration were pressed up, loan vnwarranta.
b!e and extravagant point, by the fact that
they then had an immense surplus ; and
were driven to an extravagant expenditure
to prevent a greater evil, which they re
garded such a surplus to bo. No defence
is pretended, and no other excuso offered
for their immenso outlays, which the Sena
tor himself characterizes as. extravagant
and unwarrantable, but this actual orappre.
bended surplus. But he says things are
now different; that we are out. of. money;
obliged to borrow, and should immediately
make a great reduction ; and, without nam
ing any amount, insists that it should be
more than six millions a year, and that
twenty-two millions a year is too much for
Tho honorable Senator from New York
was at the head of the 'committee in this
body, having charge of the expenditures of
the lute administration. None so well as
himself, therefore, can give explanation or
excuse for those expenditures which I sup
pose he repotted and recommended. But
I wish to state the fuels as they appear on
record ; and tho ex-Chancellor of the Ex
chequer will hardly deny them. The lato
administration borrowed money upon Trea
sury notes, every year during its existence,
and iiUQ'iorroimtto-TTayihese very cxtravu-
The very first bill reported by the honor,
able Senator, utider Mr. Van Buren's ad
ministration, (Sjnate bill No. 1,) was one
ment. I mean the payment of the fourth
and last instalment to the States, ordered to
bi5 made'by a former and tlien existing law.
The second bill of the House of Repre
sentatives, (House Gill No. 2,) also report-
cd to the Senate by the same Senator with
out amendment, was a bill to borrow money
tipcmtrTrensury notes. ThOnajmiheiUcts-
This wa:i done at Mr. Vun Buren's cx'ra
session, called, as toe believer, for this very
purposij. And yet, in a year after the ad
ministration i.i turned out, the excuse for
an extravagant-expenditure of an avcragu
of twenty -eight na'lions annually, (the
amount was0 over thirty.onc millions, tho
very year and the year after they began ti
borrow,) is, tliat they tcere pushed vp to it
by a surplus a redundant Treasury.
Mr. Wright interposed and said, " that
what he intended was, to say that during the
administration of Gen. Jackson, as well as
Mr. Van Burcn, they were driven '.a maku ,
extravagant appropriations he meant td
speak of the whole twelve years.''
Mr. Simmons resumed. - I did not so un
derstand the honorable Senator. He was
replying to the honorable Senator from
Kentucky, (Mr. Clay,) and attempting to
show that the Senator had made an over-estimate
of the expenses of the late adminis.
tration. Those during Gen. Jackson's time
had not, to my recollection, been stated in
the debate. And besides, so far as I recol
lect dUringthe first term of Gen. Jackson's
administration, the expenses were not very
high. Mr. Wright said, " look at the ap
propriations and expenditures for the last
year." Mr. S. I perceive that they were
both high; but the Soriate will also recol
lect that this was after the- surplus money
had been disposed of by law.
They were certainly very high, and also
very extraordinary. On lookiog at the es
timates of the Secretary for appropriations
for that year, 4 find they amount to sixteen
millions; but actual oppropriations were
made to the amount of thirty-seven millions
twenty one millions more than the esti
mate. It was, in fact, believed that thit
was done onpurpose to defeat the intentions
of the law of Congress for depositing th
surplus money with the States- a law which
received, as was said by bim, " the reluct
ant... assent ofjtheExecutive. Twanry.