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0 / 75
"Life It only to, be valued at It It usefully employed.
VOLUME tf-NUMBER 46.-
ASHEV1LLE, NORTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 20, 1842.
OTOLE NUMBER 98;
PRINTED ANO PUBLISH EO WEEKLY, BY
J. HrCHRISTr & CO.,
rnblishen of the laws of the United States.
Tb.ii paper ia published weekly, at Two Doi.
. uu Ana Vim CxNTt pier .annum, in advance i or
Tuuc Douuas, if payment ba delayed after the
receipt of the 10th Number from the time of tub.
ecribinr. O" Tket term will, in all cases, be
ttrietly adhered to. ,
No subscription discontinued (except at the op
tion of the publisher) until all arrearage! are paid.
. . (From the Christian Repository.
. Tb Barrens of Kentucky.
When I sat down to write, it was my in
tention to give a description oi a visit I
made, during the last summer, to the Great
Mammoth Cave of Kentucky ; but before
doing so, it may not be uninteresting nor
uninstruclive to devote' an article to what
are known as the " Barrens of Kentucky11;
and in doing this I shall make a liberal use
of a small book that I met with in one of
the book-stores in Lexington, as the state,
merits and views of 'the author coincide
generally with my own opinions, formed
upon personal examination. -
The Barrens of Kentucky reach from the
Tennessee line to the Rolling Fork of Salt
River, and embrace a large portion of the
Green River country. Tins tract, extend
ing over several counties, was originally
styled the Darrens, not from any sterility
of soil for although tho soil is not of the
first quality, it is generally goodo but be.
cause it was a kind of rolling prairie, desti
tute of timber. While the central parts of
.1 . i r . i .......
iiiu oituu were uovereu wiui luresia ui nuuvy
timber, or overspread with tall cane brakes,
the Barrens, with the exception of a few
scattered groves olong the water-courses,
were clothed with a thick growth of prairie
Tho destitution of timber in the Barrens
is thought to be owing to the frequent burn
ing of the prairies by hunters, to drive out
the game, by which means tho young and
tender shoots were scorched and destroyed.
With the advancing settlement of the
count ry,.the prairie .fires were, gradually
extinguished, and the young limber had
JiUUI IJf IU 0T. WUIJ3VJGIJW UI LI.IO,
tracts which were destitute of shade ten or
twelveydirs since, are now covered with
extensive forests of black jack, or scrub
of being converted to various uses, and
which will, no doubt, be succeeded in time
by somo more valuable growth.
Tho hilly, or knobby region, although in-!
ferior land, was preferred by the first set
tlors on account of tho advantages it afford
ed for wood and water, but after the grant
nf tin. T.nrria!ntiiin in 1 ftftfl rf fi-til i hilnrt ifrt
. ... -0-... - - i -
acres of land to every actual settler, mmy
were induced to occupy the lower country.
Since that period, owing to the healthiness
ofthe climate, tho fine range for ctiltle, tho
facilities for raising swine," tho culture of
tobacco, and the growth and preservation of
timber, the reason for the appellation "Bar
rens' is only to bo learned., from th3 anli.
The inineral treasures of this region, it is
believed, will, when fully developed, con
stitute an inexhaustible source of wealth.
There arefsavs Mr. Davidson, whose work
. ,w - b "-
sins in the valley of the Ohioj one connect
ed with the upper Ohio, covering part of
Ohio, the western part of Pennsylvania,
Maryland and Virginia, and seven thousand
square miles of the eastern section ol Ken
tucky. THo coal formation of the lower
Indiana, and is continued into Kentucky j
extending through a dozen counties up the
valley of Green River, from Henderson to
the vicinity of the Maumoth Cave,
A brief account of tho geological struc
ture of this section, will at once present a
clear view of these extensive mineral re.
sources, and throw light upon the origin and
formation of tho great caves which abound
It is irenarallv known that the soil of Ken. I
tucky rests on- a basis ot limestone, but it
may not bo" so well known, that the charac
ter ot this limestone basis vanes in the cen
tral and "southorn portions of Jlhe state.--In
the'contral portion , the rocky atratajie in a
solid and more slaty mass, and abound in
bones of the mastodon, &c.
ma a " m i s .1 .
i his kind oi root is aenominaiea great
limestone, Iramhi being found under a great
area or the western "country. " The soil lies,
upon it to the depth of a dozen feet, and a"
portion of the lime and slate being dissolved
with the soil, imparts that warm and forc
ing quality to which the vegetation owes its
vigor and luxuriance, and the delightful re.
gion itself the tillo by which it is known
over the world, as the'" Garden of Ken.
The rocky strata, on tho other hand,
which lie bcncilh the Barrens of Kentucky,
and whose general limits are nearly coinci
dent with the limits of tho Barrens, occupy
akogether an area of from five thousand to
eight thousand square mites, are less slaty
os a mass, Lss fossilliferous, and of the kind
called cavernous limestone. Like the sub.
stratum of Florida, it contains many tub
terranean hollows, into which the streams
often sink, and after flowing some distance
under ground, emorse at another point.
The sink-holes, as they are called, are not
the least remarkable curiosities of this re
jgioo. They are of a circular shape; and a
number pf yards in diameter, shelving down
to the "cemre-wttba cntte decitvity,-Bnd
supposed to owe their origin to the under.
mining action of subjacent water. One of
these sinks is within Ja short distance of
Bowling Green; frofi one side ot which
bursts a stream, whici, after traversing the
bottom,: ia cngulfej Hiho opposite side..
Tbe current is of Bufljcicnt force to turn an
undershot wheel ; to which utilitarian pur
pose it has been applied; and tbe sight of a
mill in so Strang) a place is an amusing
spectacle. i. -
Beneath the wrVrn coal basin of the
lower Ohio, etrchel'a formation of slate
rock, several hundred feet thick f abounding
in iron ore. This again lies upon the ca.
vernous limestone, which is found in east.
ern as well as western Kentucky, and also
in Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas, and al.
ways serving as a floor for the coal forma.
tion. In this cavernous limestone occur the
great caves of Kentucky. W. II. G.
Chemical procesn ol petrifying
The most novel and piquant treat of all
others to me in the beautiful capital of Flo.
rence, was mv several visits to bignor Sig.
ate, a scientific gentleman possessed of a
wonderful art unique and unknown to all the
world beside. Incredible; if not marvellous
as it may seem, ho had discovered a chemi.
cal process by whiclf he could actually pe
trify, in a very short time, every animal
substance, preserving permanently, and
with minute uccuracy, its form and internal
texture, and in such a state of stony hard,
ness that it could be sawed into stubs and
elegantly polished !
lie had in this way formed a museum of
many animals, such as frogs, fishes, toads,
snakes, and a great variety of parts of the
human body in a natuial and diseased state.
In my presence, ha threw the human liver,
lungs, heart, and other parts thus petrifmd,
about tho floor with perfect impunity, and
without the least injury being done to them.
Still more curious, he had, with Italian taste,
cut them into small polished squares, and
arranged them into complete tables of mo
saic work ! s j that it gave him U3 much de-
light as it did me astonishment , to find that
1 couIJ with my finger designate to him, on
thi precious -centre-table: for a surgeon's
drawing-room, the appropriate name and
character of each individual obiect thus
spread out before me in a pathological chart
ot real specimens, thus a pulmonary tu
bercle or ulcer here, a hytadid of the liver
thereva cicatrixintho brain iff another com--partment,
and a calculus in the kidney, or
ossification of the heart's auricles and valves
in a fourth. It struck ine that, for all ana
tomical and surgical purposes, and all ob
jects of nutural history, this was an art of
inappreciable valucr and the most dosirnblo
ever discovered ; and with that view I con
versed with him relative to a visit to our
country, believing it would be of national
importance if wo could havo the benefit of
I even entered into some preliminaries
.of a negotiation with a design of obtaining
him for my own purposes, Jtt hfound him
sadly involved in debt, and that his ik-inn nils
wero too exorbitant to beicomplic V with.
T, however,, made him liberal offers, and did
not entirely despair that he would havo nc
ceded to them, when, to my regret, about
three weeks after wc loft Florence, I wns
informed by letter, that he was suddenly
attacked -with a violent inflammation of the -lungs,
which proved fatal, and what is as
much to be deplored, that his unprccedent.
ed discovery died with turn.. He never
would divulge the least part of his marvel
lous process, but when pressed by mo on
tho subject, hinted that he had acquired Urn
h7s various Tourneys-Tn remote Eastern
countries ; and it is fondly to be hoped that
somo one may ere long appear who, in pur
suing this inquiry , will be enabled to recov.
cr the art among those people from whom
he intimated he had obtained it. ; It is wor.
thy of observation, how, in this cxtraordi
nary process, art accomplishes in so brief
a time, what nature requires so long a pe
riod toeucct, And then never with anv thing
comparable to trW perfection, we may say
jalmosUdenlity . wilhwhlchthis mode pn
serves arr exact fae simile of the original ;
in truth the original itself . In tins wpris
ing and almost magic art, not only, as we
have said, thof precise exterior outline is
fulthfuTly an id exactTy're ;prcae nted7 but afso
the minute and delicate interior arrange-
mcjt cLjtxuctuiC-jdinirabJy .-pcrpctuatgd ;
as, for example? the entire viscera of the
chest and abdomen, with all their varied
and beautiful convolutions, were clearly
exhibited, retaining even the cotors of the
blood-vessels, in preparations of frogs .birds
and other animals, besides the human body.
7V Prtterve Apple mud PearV Wipe the fruit
dry. Then takea varnished crockorwide mouthed
jar, at the bottom of which is to be a layer of sand,
until the crock or jar is full. lt it in a dry place.
Apples orpeurs thus treated will keep good all the
SteeUinrt. To scatter swellings on horses or
other cattle, take two qnarts of proof whiskey, or
other proof spirits ; warm it over coals, but not to
oiaze ; dissolve it in a pint of soil soap. Y hen
cool, put it in a bottle, and add one ounce or cam
phor. When dissolved, it will form a liquid opo
deldoc, and ia then ready for application, funning
a eheip and useful remedy.
When tbe swelling is on the. leg, or any part
that will receive bandar, soch bandage should
be applied, and wet with the opodeldoc
T txtnet m OUut SwPper. Take a large atrip
of wool pasa it once around the neek f the bottle.
attach one end of this band to some fixed object,
bold the other, and then are-taw the bottle Uong
it. The friction will soon heat the neck of the
bottle, and by the haat the neck will axpaad iaf5
eieallj to allow of the stopper being extracted.
f ADDRESS OF J. W. CLAPP, ESQ.. AT HOLLY
" SPRINGS. MISS. -
We remarked in our last number that wc
had received a copy of this interesting ad
dreas We regret that our limits forbid
our publishing it entire a short extract,
however, we giye below-.and ask for it an
attentive perusal. W. C. Temp. Adv.
After speaking of the poison contained
in ardent spirits, and the moral principle
involved in the use of them to the destruc
tion of health, peace and life itself, the au
thor proceeds thus i
" In the ardent spirits of commerce thia vhru.
lent poison la still present. Samson has indeed
been robbed of luaeyea, but lie ia gigantio and
vindictive still, and the destruction of his victim
not lose certain and inevitable. With persevering
vengeance, he gropes his way through every lane
and avenue of life, leaving wherever he goes the
durk impress of his footsteps' in utter and eternal
desolation. The stomach and the liver ; the
heart and the lungs y the akin and the nerves;
every seat of vitality is successively invaded. The
brain, that " dome of thought, and palace of the
soul," tumbles into ruins under the assaults of the
ruthless assailant, ty which the mind ia despoiled
of one after another of its majestic attributes.
AH human passions and aspirations and hopes are
obliterated. The bright pictures of the past, and
(he loved images of the friends who are distant
and dead, and of those that are around us, which
memory has sketched and hung up in her silent
galleries, are torn down and defaced till nothing
remains but a chaos of dark remembrances ana
terrible apprehensions. And when the last iin.
press of diviryty has faded from the bloated form
and distorted features, and the lost inebriate en
ters at last upon the gloom of that valley of si.
lence and shadows, and reels on toward the river
of death ; Hope, that stands like an angel of
mercy, upon the brink or the black and bottomless
flood, to comfort and to guido the voyager upon
hi passage to tho eternal shore, and direct his
dying giue to the celestial goal beyond, aban
dons her station at his approach, and leaves the
miserable self-murderer to stagger blindly on, un
til at last ho staggers into hull !
" Such are the life and dualb of the drunkard !
Better, fur better, had he first resorted to the hal
ter or the bowie-knife, and plunged at once into
an untimely and dishonored crave. Better for So.
cicty, which would thus at a blow have been ridj
of a monster that has for years exerted his influx
enco and example in propagating a moral pcsli.
lence in its midst. Better for those that bore him,
whose heads ho has bowed down with shame and
sorrow to the grave. Better for hie offspring.
winch he has impoverished as well as degraded.
and to whom he has left nothing but a heritage of
in lain y letter lor lit heart broken- wife,- whose
existence he has poisoned, and rendered intolera.
bio. Batter for ' himself, since he would in this
life have escaped the torturoa of a, lingering death,
and could render his doom, at least, not more aw.
ful in the next.
" Were such instances but rare and isolated
plague-spots breaking out here and there upon so
cietyrtuereWoutdeven theh-bc-sufacicnt to cxT
cite the alarm and cnliHt the efforts of the enlight
ened and benevolent, to arrest, and eradicate the
fearful malady. But what should bo our feelings
when we recollect that in these United States
alono, thirty thousand annually fall into a drunk
ard's grave ! Only suppose tha the victims of
this vice which have died amongst us within the
last ten years even, could be brought before us
and exposed to our view at once : God of mercy,
what a bloated, blackened, loathsomi pyramid of
corpses ! Were the catacombs of Egypt emptied
of their ghastly and putrid carcasses, the fetid ac
cumulation of centuries, they could scarcely pre.
sent a spectacle more hidoous and'-rcpulsive.
Three hundred thourand of our fellow citizens out
of a population of twelve or fifteen millions, who
have poisoned themselves in ten years ! More
than the whole number required during our con.
flict with the mother country to repel the invader
and csUiblmh our liberties ! It would be impossi.
ble to receive a statement which so staggers ere
dulity iUell", Were it not confirmed by statistics,
the accuracy of which cannot be questioned.
" It is no phantom of tho enthusiast, then no
Quixotic adversary, with which we have to con
tend. When War, that most afflictive and ca.
Inmitons of -God'e national sruuryos,- makes bare
his ruffian arm, he frequently, as the result of a
single engagement, plunges a nation into tears
and covers a desolate land with mourninc. And
yet it ia probable that intemperance, in one year,
uestroys more victims tnan nave died upon every
battle field since the time of Napoleon. But war
is not without its formations j its pomp and cir.
cumstance;1ls flaunting banners and its inspiring,
strains of music ; its nodding plumes and its ren.
ding shouts of victory, to mitigate its horrors, and
to reconcile ua to its barbarities. - And when the
warrior falls at his post, with the flush of triumph
on his brow, his sorrowing country comes to per
form his funeral obsequies, to lay him in the grave
of his glory, which she decorates with flowers,
and waters with her tears. Poetry lends the ma
gic of its numbers' and history the dignity of its
pages to commemorate his achievements, and to
connect his name with the future. The drunkard
dies uulaurelled and unlamented. No chronicle
of kind recollections and endearing associations
are the waters of Maruh of unmingled bitter
ness. No sound breaks in upon the dreary deso
lation of his last resting place, but the aig ing of
ins wina over ins neglected grave, f it emblem
of the moaning of the lost spirit, that still lingers
in sauness around the nuns of ! trpm.rt it
had formerly inhabited !
Romanci or Real Lire. Some years ago, says
t foreign journal, the captain of a corsair carried
oflHhe wife ofa poor wood-cutter, residing in the
neighborhood tf Messina. After detaining her
for several months on board his vessel, he landed
her on an island in the South Seas, wholly regard
less of what might befal her. It happened that
the woman was presented to the savage monarch
of the island, who became enamored of her. lie
made her bis wife, placed her -on the "throne, and
at his dath left her ao'e sovereign of, his domin.
ions. By a European" vesael, which recently
touched at the Island, the poor wood-cntter ha
received intelligence of his wife. She sent him
presents of such vaat value, that he will probably
be one of the wealthiest individuals in Sicily, un
til it shall please her majesty, his. august spouse,
to summon him to ber court. ,
The u Executive Council" of the British and
Foreign Temperance Society, have issued a cir.
cular addressed to drunkards, in which they state,
that there are no lees than 00,000 habitual drunk,
ards in this kingdom, of whom 57,000 die anno,
ally, giving an average of 1 57 per day. Tbe ma.
risbatcs and medical men declare that tire.
fourth of the Crimea, &c., are committed by per.
sons excited by liquor. Uy the exertions of tbe
advocate of tempera ec, 220,000 bay been re
claimed, and not only abandoned their drunken
habits but ha va become attendants at the difkrent
pjsce of religions worihip. London Glebe.
reached the new world nearly unprovided
wjth letters of recommendation or intro
duction, and nearly penniless. He, how.
ever, asked an audience with Washington,
to whom be jiad boldly presented himself.
' What do you seek here T inquired the
General with hi accustomed brevity-
1 1 corns to fight os a volunteer for Ame
rican independence,' was the equally brief
and fearleis reply.
What ian you do V Washington next
This wot done. Occasion soon offered,
in which hs talents, science and valor were
evinced ; md above all, his great character
was duty appreciated. lie was speedily
made au officer, and further distinguished
He had not long been in America, when
he had occasion to show his undaunted
courage as captain of a company of volun
tcers. Generals Wayne and Lafayette,
notwithstanding the heat of the battle in
which they themselves were fully engaged,
observed with satisfaction the exertions of
a company which advanced beyond all the
rest, and made its attack in the best of
1 Who led the first company ?' asked La.
fayettc of his comrades on the evening of
that memorable day.
I he answer was, it was a young Pole
of noble birth,. but very poor: his name if
I am not mistaken, is Kosciusko.'
The sound of this unusual name, which
he could hardly pronounce, filled the French
hero with such an eager desire for the brave
stranger's acquaintance, that ho ordered his
horse to be immediately saddled, and rode
to tho village, about a couple of miles off,
where the volunteers were quartered for the
Who shall describe the pleasure of the
one or the surprise of the othar, when the
General, entering the tent, saw the captain
cotered from head to foot with blood, dust
and sweat, seated at a table, his head rest
ing upon his hand, a map of the country
spread out before him, and a pen and ink
by his side. - A cordial grasp of the hand
imparted to the modest hero his command.
I er's satisfaction, and the object of a visit
paid at so unusual an hour. foreign fjuar.
HON. T. F. MARSHALL'S ADDRESS.
At a recent meeting of the Congressional Tem
perance Society, Hon. Mr. Marshall, of Ky., de.
liVCKd"aii"tidJresswTiich ' certainly did honor to
both his head and heart. For a long time past
tho report has been circulated that Mr. Mandiall
was intcrcperate, and hesaya himself that he was
"one of Tour sprccing gentry," and ultimately be
came concerned lest his sprees should " run to.
getlier," and that he joined the Total Abstinence
Society in order to save himself. In the course of
his rcmatks he took occasion to allude to the fact,
ashe stited it, that a large majority of both Houses
of Con j rets were emphatically sober men and
that if ihcy would but take the pledge, the others
could n it and would not withstand the force of
such an example, and would have to stop drinking
in self-defence. " What a figure," he asks, would
half a dozen drunkards cut against the whole
body of both Houses of Congress ! Vhy, sir, it
would bo the weakest, meanest, poorest, most con.
tcmptiblo, powerless, little faction that ever did ap.
pear in Congress.""
And with Mr. Marshall wc ask, why do theso
jsobcrmrjnbersofqngrpss stand, out against .
taking the pledge? We cannot answer for all,
but for some of them we will venture the asscr.
tion, that it is because they fear their popularity
at home .'AIas! that it should be so. That our
country ahould be so blinded to its true interest as
that worthy men arc opposed by hundreds and
nplybecauso tTicy refuse eitlierlo"
get drunk themselves or to countenance it in oth
ers. Yet it is so. And perhaps nut the less un
fortunate for our country, that there are too many
men seeking for different offices within the gift of
tbe people, who, rather than not have the office
or which they seek, will sacrifice indirectly if not
directly moral principles which they feci should
be observed, and refuse fto pursue that course
which they are compelled to acknowledge is for
the public good. IV. C,Temp, Ade, . . . .
BEAimrvt, crraAcr. However dark and dis.
consolalo the path of life may serm to any man,
there is an hour of deep.and undisturbed repose at
hand when the body may sink into a dreamless
slumber; Ijet not tho imagination bis startled, if
tins resting place, instead of being a bed of down,
sliaH W a bed 6T gravel, or the rocky bed of the
tomb. No matter where the poor remains of a
man may be, the repose ie-deep and undisturbed j
the sorrowful bosom hcavea no more ; the tears
are dried up in their fountains ; the, aching head
ia at rest, and the stormy waves of earthly tribu
lation roll unheeded ovsr the place of graves Let
armies engage in fearful conflict over the very
bottom of the dead, not one of the sleepers heed the
spirit-stirring triumph, or respond to the rending
shouts of victory. - How quiet those countless
millions slumber in the arms of their mother earth!
The voice of thunder shall not awaken them ; tho
loud cry of the elements the winds the waves
-nor even the giant tread of the earthquake,
shall be able to eue an inquietnde in the cham
ber of death. They shall rest and pass away ; the
last great battle shall be fought, and then a silver
voice at first heard, shall rise to a tempest, and
penetrate the voiceless grave. For the trumpet
shall sound, and the dead shall hear His voice.
RmAXDtnrtirs adialogcb. CAild.-Pa.what
did Mr. Folger mean, when he said in his temper,
a nee address the other day, that M moderate drink
era are ripening for drunkards T" -
Father. Do you not remember, my child, bow a
cherry looks when it is ripening 7
Child. O yea, and now I understand it. Squire
Rosacll is a moderate drinker, and he is turning
red on the end of hi nose and upon bis cheek
bone. Old Joe Loveflip is dead ripe ; for bis nose
and his face are purple. ... ter A'ne Letter,
A lata writer call the ceremony of kissing each
other, a performed by tha young la dies, a 'dread,
ful waslsVOf the, raw material.'
Important questions for Congress
- - - lu discuss and settle at once.
In Folitics. Wero a Crow's nest used
for a ballot box, and the eggs for ballot balls
and should one of these eggs batch after
being deposited, and tho bird fly away,
ought the shell, or the bird, or neither to be
counted in footing up the ballot
In Sentiment. V hich is the most sentl.
mental looking object a crow, blind in
one eye, drawing mathematical diagrams
in thesand, or an owl seated on anEgyptian
obelisk decyphering hieroglyphics 1
"In Natural History. Will a grasshopper
that has lost his tail, by accident or other,
wise, sing T
In Meteorology. Are the atmospheric
laws which govern a tornado, the same as
those which regulate a tempest in a teapot T
In Natural Philosophy. Can a, ghost
cast a shadow T if so, is it the ghost or its
shadow that vanishes at the crowing of a
. In Ichthyology. Why is it that a porpus
never turns his tail to the wind, liy what
law is it that the shark compels the little pi.
lot fish to move just before him, and point
out his path through the ocean.
Political Economy. -At Adam and Eve
had used palm-leaves, instead of fig-leaves
for garments, what is the amount of labor
they would have saved in sowing them to.
In legislation. What is tho difference
between the condition of a member of Con
gress, who is wailing to make a speech, and
that of one of Job's comforters, who said
he was rendy to split.
Why does a fly, going to bed,
Sleep with its tail above its head.
When all these primary and fundamental
questions shall have been discussed and set
tied by Congress, it would be well porhaps
to givo some attention to a bankrupt Trea
sury, and a ruined nation.
" I rmiRt not have such a noise here," angrily
exclaimed the keeper of a porter house to a man
who had been patronising his bar too frequently,
and annoying every body around him. " Now,
look a here," stammered out tbe drunken man, 'if
you want to keep a quiet house, you mustn't sell
liquor." The landlord was conquered.
Exactly. He who sows to the wind must
reap in the storm. To have no " noiso"
at a place where ardent spirits were indis.
criminately retailed would be a new thing
in the history of that business. Neverthe.
less, tho Legislatures of somefjheStatcs,
nave made it lawful" for persons to retail
when they " keep an orderly house" ! Our
State grants license to persons of " good
moral character." W. C. Temp. Adv.
Mr. Clay and Mr. Calhoun.
An interesting anecdote is told of the
meeting of Mr. Ulay and Mr. Calhoun oAer
the former retired from tho Senate, which
shows that political strife, though it may for
a while deaden the finer feelings of the
heart, cannot destroy them, especially in
those hearts that beat with generous end
manly sensibilities. As Mr. Clay was pass,
ing towards the door to leave the Senate
Chamber, Mr. Calhoun met him they had
not spoken to each other for five years; but
they now simultaneously extended their
hands, and rushed to eacji other's arms ;
neither spoke, but both wept. At length
Mr. Clay said, on parting " give my best
mure noblo was this reconciliation and part
ing, than if they had separated looking de
fiance at each other ! Thny had almost spent
their lives together in Congrcssr-md at va.
rious times stood shoulder to shoulder, ani
mated by patriotism and emulous Only of
serving the country Time had passed over
both , and tho young had become old. One
was about to retire, and both must ere long
" sleep the sleep that hath no waking."
The retirement of the one would leave the
other with no companion or rival of his
younger days, and.it tojd him emphatically
that ho too must soon follows Thoughts
like these soften the heart not wholly indu.
rated, and cause the fountain of generous
feeling lo gush forth-seat came, an tho two
distinguished rivals and antagonists under
the influence of theso sympathies were
drawn together. Would that they had never
been separated." J
"You will be surprised when I tell you that
Mri-Clay-drew tears from Col. Denton du.
ring his farewell address, yet I believe there
is no doubt of Washington correspon.
dence of the Philadelphia U. S. Gazette.
It is a fact deserving especial attention.
that in tho year 1785, at the first session of
Congress after the .Deeds of Cession were
executed, an ordinance was passed for a
distribution x the proceeds of the sales of
the public lands among the States. " This.
(says the Whig,) was a cotcmporaneous
construction of those deeds, and .was an
emphatic declaration that Congress held the
lands in tho capacity of a trustee for tbe
State. The subsequent adoption of thq
Constitution did not affect the rights of the
States in the least for the rights of the
Suites in this particular were expressly
protected by the Constitution. .
Resolutions have been adopted by the
Loco Foco Legislature of Maine in the
Senate, 18 to 11, and in the House, 74 to
33 declaring that M the right ot petiuoo.
and the corresponding right to a respectful
hearing, are secured by the Constitution,
and that therefore the rule of tbe House,
laying all Abolition petitions on the table,
is an infringement of this right, and ought
to be abolished.
A Wise District.- Mr Wise, tome
weeks since, glorified his District on tho
ground that no Dewspaper was published
within its limits. This indirect attack upon
tbe fraternity, provoked some member of it
to look into the condition (intellectually) of
this happyjregion. . .The following is the
result, as we find it in the Cincinnati Chron
icle: ; " ; ' . '
. " The District is composed of the coun.
ties of Accomnc, Northampton, Glouces
ter, Mathews, York, Warwick, James City,
and Williamsburg. The population of these
counties is composed thus : ,
Free Blacks, 5,566
Slaves, . 22,250
Census of 1840 52,933
Census of 1830, 57,290
The District has " therefore" decreased
since 1830, 4,357. The wanTof newspa.
pers, then, has not added to its prosperity.
There are in the District about 12,000
white persons over 20 years of age. Of
these 3,445, or more than one quarter, can
neither read nor write ! ! .
Tho whole Stato of Connecticut, with
three hundred thousand white inhabitants,
(miserable land of schools, newspapers,
factories and pumpkins,) has only 526 who
do not read or write. That is there are
just 80 times as many ignorant people in
proportion, in Wise s District, as there are
in Connecticut !
Virginia. Tho Treasury of the Stato
of Virginia is empty. Tho Richmond
Whig says :
Wo Ua. ktk. J';.A. Ar ... T-mam-iou
were protested this week one for 84 and
another for $5000. Ronson no funds.
It is notorious, that the Treasury is
empty, and that the Legislature authorized
a loan of $300,000 until next December,
from banks or individuals. This sum was
deemed necessary to pay the interest on the
public debr, and defray the current expenses
of the Government. Individuals, of course,
would not, if they could, take a loan of
such short duration. The only recource
was then to the banks. Whether theso in.
oan the money, we cannot
say. How they can do it, in justice to tho
people, who need all the fucilities the banks
can supply, or in justice to themselves, we
cannot pretend to explain.
In this state of JierJinancea - the Rich
monTWhig well asks, "is Virginia, with
a protested Treasury draft of $4, in aeon,
dition to refuse her quota of tho land mo.
ney?" And yet Loco Focoism, led on by
the Richmond Enquirer, has refused it !
A FEnERALiDEMOCRAT AND La TITITniV k .
BIAN-STRICT-CONSTITUTIONALIST. The Lo-
cofoco candidate for Governor has certainly
" boxed the compass" of politics. His old
Federalism suddenly converted into ranting
Democracy, is not more apparent than tho
somerset which his latitudinarian construe
tion of the Constitution has cut since 1830.
A correspondent of the Charlotte Jour
nal shows that on the 21 Dec. 1830, Mr.
Bynum introduced a preamble and resolu
tions denying tho power of Congress toap.
propiiato money to works of internal im
provement in the States, ns a palpable vio
lation of the Constitution, and-remon-
strating and solemnly proTeafirig against tho
exercise by Congrcs3 of any- power not
clearly and expressly granted by tho Fede
ral compact Mr. Henry spoke o trains t
tlilo nmimlilji Ami wAnAl..nn . . CV . , 1
substitute for them ; voted for their indrfin.
ite postponement ; and finally voted against
its passage. :
Now what says tho same Mr. Henry in
February, 1842 f See page 2 of his letter
1 avow myself opposed to a latitude
nous construction of tho Federal Cunstitn.
tion. 1 think tho iedcral Government
ougni never to assume a oouDttut power;
and where a power may bo wanted, to relv
upon tho peopblo to give it, after tho man
ner provided in the Constitution itself.
it om tl nna;u,o.l tl.o f .1...
Federal party, which, having failed in tho
Convention of-1789, to modul tfio Govern-
Tnent to suit its own notions, soutrht bv tlm
suuuciics oi const rucuon 10 ucnve power
to it, which the pcoplo had not granted.
Thus, instead of strenstheninir the admin7
istration of the Government, by attaching
to it tlie confidence of the people, it weaken,
cd itTy exciting tlieir distrust and opposition.
through this dangerous breach have enter
ed the greatest illsthat eve aniictcd lui
country, and whoso bitter fruits we era
now tasting. The riper experience, reflec.
tion. and close observation of mv manhood.
under the "numerous lights sifting discus.
sioW,1and practical tests, afforded by tho
age, havo brought my mind to theso conclu
sionsnor can I doubt, that should the
principles of liberty which sustain this GLO
RIOUS UNION, ever be dangerously as.
sailed, their refuge will be found within tbo
ramparts of the States, where their altar
fires are ever kept burning in the hearts of
the people, by tho love for them, which is
inspired by the daily and familiar discharge
of the duties of self government
It is evident from the allusion to his 'man
hood, that Mr. Henry was anticipating tho
production or this vote or 18 JO, and giving
his- friends the cue to plead infancy, oi ia
the case of his Federalism. A he . was
only forty years of age in 1830, it is clear
that there is no resisting such a plea. Our
own opinion is, that as to politics he is an
inrant ttitt.FayetterWe Obs.