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0 / 75
" Life is only to tc valued as If is usefully employed."
J ASUEVILLE; NOHi:n;CAROLINAr;FRIDAY MOENING, MAY;27,i842. :
VOLUME. IL-NUMBER 47.
WHOLE NUMBER 99.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY) B
J. it CHRISTY. & CO., .
Poblishrn ot the Lbvi of tie United Stata
Tli paper k Tb!bhcd wcMj, at Two Dot.
m. i Fim Ce" per B3?r?T.l
Twik I)oixis if jwymrttt be dekj-ed rtcr Ui
wribU. IT Tktu term M in U . t
Noiiibocripf iim dioeonlinucd (except at tlie op.
ko of the publiaUcrs) nutil all aniaragcure paiJ.
5 Tma Uic SavannaU Georgian.
- . , '-; .- v R go. - ' "
Wc call ourselves jcop!a of simpto Ita
W wr. know nut livwv far we oro Trom
tlio very balnta wo"profc3s.
Wo have almost ceased !o be n people of
wimple tastc9 and simple customs ; we ore
nrtifiuiat Xbroughout, and our life is made
up of unmeauing ' routine and ' (ictiliuus
wants. ' "' ' ' '
It is impossible to realize this, until wo
comparo our condiliop with thnt which ex
i.tcd mo time back , when the pc;op! were
just amgood just as linppy just as intuitu
gent, ns they are now. The contrast U ;rcat
even if we go back but a lew y c.i ra, and we
tan.hardly Iwlicve that swcli rapid ntnl ma.
Icrial chaDgcs have taken place nshare en
fircly altered the aspect of society widiin
ihe lust ci-wtury. The (ullowinp account
jf customs and ' manners sercniy.fivc or
eighty years ago, canttot fail of being deep
ly interesting as illustrating the almost pa.
triarchal simplicity of t' so days ; as show,
ing the astonishing revolution of manners
within this period, and the peculiarly ficti
tious wants, habits, and conditions of cfrist.
ing society. It is taken from the " old co.
IvMiy (Plymouth, Mass.) ncmoj'fob" - -
" As to what took place in sca-porttowns,
and places which had a dense population, I
can give no account ; but in the town where
I was brought op, (which I suppose was
not materially different from' the general
state of our country towns) I will attempt
to describe. - . . -
' Jo the winter season the dinners were
pcncrally uniform. Tho first course was a
dish of broth usually called porridge. This
generally bad a few beans in" it, and some
dry summer savory scattered in. The sc.
cond course was an Indian pudding-with
jaucei tlie jhir(Lwa3.a dialLof Jwiludjwrk
of beef, with round turuips and a few pota
toes for sauce. Potatoes were then a scarce
article, thrco bushels being considered a
very large crop ; and I was a considerable
Urge lad before I ever aw a potato as large
-aa-ft-licn's-egg. lo-uppf a and break fasts
they commonly hal a uish ot tlio same. -Those
who had milk (which was not many
in winter) had thnt with toasted brown
bread, or roasted apples for breakfast and
hasty pudding for simper. For an exchange
they sometimes bad a basin of sweetened
eider, with toasted bread in k, anl a piece
of cheese. On n Sabbath morning they
generally bad chocolate, coffee, or bohea
toa the chocolate and cofleo sweetened
with molasses, the ten with brown sugar.
Willi it they had pan-crtke, dotigh-nuts,
omc sort of pic some or oil "of them.
li6ncrs they: had none; but immetliatcly
After the nfttrnoon's5n 'cc; the had a sup.
per, a roast goose, or a turkey, a ronst
"lipare-rib, or a stow jic . ; and'this was the
common courso through the winter season.
In the spring and summer, thev generally
had nulk for snpper and breakfast. For
dinner, (then potatoes were generally gone,
and round turnips were too pithy to eat,)
they used French turnips till greens came,
and then greens were used for sauce till
peas and beans were ready for use. As for
-llomyit was -a -thing unknown AjMhat
time, I doubt there ever having lccn a bar
rel of flour in the town. Every f irmer
broke up a piece of new ground and sowed
."it with wheat and turnips. This wheat, by
the help of the 6Cire, was a substitute for
In general, men, old and young, who had
ot their growth, had a decent coat, vest,
and small clothes, and some kind of fur hat.
jrbeso-Weta-lor- liolklay use, and would last
half an age." OIt men had a greatcoat and
a pair of boots. The boots generally lasted
for life, . For common they had a long
l-ieket or what was called arfly coat, made
something like a surtout,. reaching down
.ibout half way to the thigh- striped jacket
to wear under a pair of small clothus like
l-coat. -- These- were made of flannel
cloth, fulleJ, but not sheared ; flannel shirts
and stocking, and thick leather shoes ; a
mlk handkerchief for holidays, which would
last ten years ; In tho summer time a pair of
trowsers, (now out of use) reaching half
way from the knee to the ancle. Shoes and
stockings were not worn by the young men
and but by few men in farming business.
As for boys, as soon as tltcy were taken
out of petticoats, they were put into small
clothes, summer or winter. This continued
until long trowsers were introduced, which
they .called longs. They were but little
different from our present pantaloons..
These were made of tow-cloth, linen "Or
cotton, and soon were used by old men and
young, through the warmer season. At
last they were made of flannel-cloth, and
were Ihe general costume of Alio winter.
oung men never thought of great-coats,
and aurtouts were thcu unknown. M rccol-"
lect a neighbor of my fatlicrV, J'ho had
four sons between lO.and 30 years of age.
The oldest got a pair of boots, the second
a surtout, the third a wntch, and tlio fottrth
a pair of silver buckles." y Ti made the
neighborhood talk, ond.flic family were on
tlie high road to insolvency, :"' X ;
As for tho womcnold and young, they
word flannel gowns in? tl winter, "The
young women wore in jjhc summer; wrap,
pers or slicpherd.dresai;- and about thoir
ordinary business did not wear stockings
and shoes. They were, usually contented
with one calico gown, but they generally
had a calimancc givn, another of camblet,
andsomo had thcri made of poplin. The
sleeves were shortiand did not come below
the elbow. On lti!idaysr they wore one;
two or three rufilcon cacn arm, the deep
est of which were sdjnclimcsO or 10 inches.
Tlwy wore long gves, eoiniqg up to the
elbow, secured by vhat Svas called glove
tightens, marki of tc horsehair. Hound
gowns had not "ilict! come in fashion ; ao
tlicy wore aprotw, made of checked linen
or cotton and for holiitiy n-,c, of white
cotton, Lng lawn, or cambric. They sol
dom wore caps when altout their ordinary
business ; but they had two kinds, 0110 of
which tliey wore when they meant to appear
in full dress. One was called strap-can,
which came under the chin and was there
tied ; tiro other was called round-cord cap,
and did not como over the cars. They
wore thin leather, thick leather, and brond
cloth shoes, alt with heels an inch' and n
half high, with packed toes turned up in n
point at tlio toes. I hey generally had sm.'ill,
very Bmall mufis, and some wore masks.
rho principal amusements of the young
men were wrestling, running and jumping,
or hopping three hops. Dancing was con
sidered a qualification of the fust impor
tanee, csjecially step tunes, such as Old
rather ucorgc, Capo urcton, High IJetty
Martin, and the Rolling I Iornpipc. At their
balls, dancing was their principal exorcise ;
abU, 6i'nging songs and a number of pawn
plays, such as breaking and setting the
pope's neck, finding the button, &c.
At the timo I allude to. a young woman
did not consider it a hardship or a degrada
tion to walk five miles to meeung. I here
was no chotsc or any sort of wagon or sleigh
in tho town- I recollect the first chaise
that pissed through ; and it made a greater
wonderment than the appearance of a mam
moth. People were puzzled for a nnme ;
at last they called it a calash. A horse that
would fetch forty dollars, was considered as
of the first quality ; and ono more than nine
years old, was considered as of little or no
value; A half-Cord of wood was then" coh
sidorcd as a monst rous load for an ordinary
team. A farmer generally killed from three
to five swine, which would weigh from five
to eight score tach,'bui ft was an cxtraor
dinary hog that wouli weigh nine score.
Acute fevers then were mucljjno.re frc
queuuharratthis timr-The-principal fevsrs
then wcro called tlio long slow fevcr,which
would run thirty-fivc, forty nnd fifty days
beforo it formed a crisis. Therb was also
the slow nervous fever, wbieh ran general
ly longer than the long fever, l'ut con
suniptionswcrc niucl lts frequent then than
now, unless it was with very old people.
In the year 1701, a young man fell into a
consumption. lie wis between twenty and
thirty years of age, aid it pissed for a w on
der that a young man should fall into a con
sumption. " a. "
Plea of an 'Iowa Counsellor.
Contleineo of the Jury i It is withf-feel-
mgs oi no onnnary cummoiion niai i rise
to defend the character of my injured client
fr;iii t!ic attacks which have been mado
tion his herctoforo unapproachable charac
ter. 1 feel, geiitlemjn, that though a good
deal smarter than any of you oro or even
the Judge here, yet that I ani totally un
competenl to present this ere case in that
magnanimous and heart renting light
which its importance demanus. And I
in presenting the subject, will be immcdi.
alely made up by yourowrl good senseand
discernment, if you have any.
Tho counsel for the prosecution gentle
men, will undoubtedly endeavor to heave
dust in your eyes, lie will tell you that
his client is a man of function ; that he in
of impeachable veracity i that he is a jnian
who would scorn to fotch an action against
another mcfcTy to gratify Tus personal cor-
porosity ; but let me retreat you gentlemen ,
to beware how you rely upon any spacious
reasoning like this. " I myself apprehend
that this ere suit has been w ilfully and ma
licious fotcht ; folcht, goutlcmcn, for the
sole and only purpose of browbeating my
Unhappy client here, and in an eminent
manner crTudin'lho face of tho poor ; and
gentlemen, I apprehend that if yon could
look into this man's heart, and read the mo,
lives that propelled him to fotch this suit,
sich a pictur of moral turpentine and heart
felt ingratitude would be brought to light as
has never before been experienced siucc the
Fall of Niagara.
Now, gentlemen, I want to make a bril
liant apj)cal to the kind sympathies of your
nater, and see if 1 can't warp your judge
ments a little in favor of my unfortunate
client, and then I shall fotch my arguments
to a close. Here is a poor man, who has a
numerous wife and children dependant on
him for their daily bread and butter, wan
tonly fotcht up here, and arraigned before
an intellectual jury, on the charge ofegno
miniously hooking ; yesrntlcnmarX
the idea hooking six quarts of cider. You,
gentlemen, have all bcon placed in the same
situation , and you know bow to feel for the
misfortunes of my heartbroken client and
I hopc-you will not permit the natural gush
ings of your sympathising heart to be over.
Come by tlio superstitious arguments of my
ignorant opponent on tho other side. " i
The law expressly declares, gentlemen,
in tho language of Shakesparc, that wher
no doubt exists of the uilt of a princr,
it is youFJuty to jean upon the side of jus
tice, and fetch him in innocent." If you
keep this fact iri view p"yo'it will have the
honor, gentlemen, of making a friend of
him and all his relations, and you can alters
look back upon this ks that you did as you
have been dono ty; but if you disregard
this first point .of law, set nl naught my el
oquent remarks, and fetch him in guEty, the
silent twitches of conscience will follrr you
over every fair cornfield, nnd my injured
client, gentlemen, will be pretty npt to light
on you some of these dark nights, ns my
eat lights on. a stucer full of new milk. iV.
York Aurora. '
When we saw the article in the April
number of the " Southern Literary Mes
senger," referred to below, wo confidently
expressed tho opinion, that tho worthy Edi.
tor was mistaken, and promised to investi.
gate the matter. " The communication of
our Senator, Mr. Graham, to tlie Editors
of tlie "National Intelligencer," saves us
further trouble, and rescues our State from
nn undeserved imputation on its humane
and Christian character. From our person
al knowledge of tlio Editor, however, we
arc certain, that ho is not among the num
ber of those who entertain a " disposition
to disparage tho character and institutions
of North Carolina.1 Raleigh Register.
From tlie National Intelligencer.)
Messrs. Gales & Seato.i : In tlie South
ern Literary Messenger for April, 1812, is
"An Essay.on the Civil Law, by a. Law.
yer of North Carolina,1' which is creditable
to the taste and learning "of tho author.
Put on page 231 of tho work, I observe
the following note on n ccrtaiu passage in
tlie essay by the Editor ; - -
" reine forte cldurc. Unless recently
amended, this dreadful judgment is to this
day required by the laws of North Carolina
For, if we miUt! not, the terrible sen
tenco of Peine forte el dure was inflicted by
one of her Courts only a few years ago.
When the prisoner was arraigned for trial
he stood mute, and refused to plead either
guilty or not guilty. Whereupon he was
laid on his back upon the bare floor of the
Court-house, groat weights as great, and
greateT,"lhan he could bear were placed
upon Ms Jjody, and jn this condition he- was
fed with ditch water from a spoon he
died. We challenge the universal jurispru
dence of modern Christendom to out-Herod
this. We call upon our Correspondent,
and every other friend to humanity, to use
their influence in-erasing from therSratnte
book of the good old North State this dis
graceful and barbarous penance. Editor
Southern Literary Messenger.
That an Editor at the Capital of Virgin
ia, distant not more than ten or twelve
hours' travel from that-of North Carolina,
and with a copy of tho Statutes of the lat
ter Slate ot least as near to him as tho Ex.
ccutive office in Ilichmond, should have
ventured upon a statement so uncalled for,
und so unfounded, in a publication aspiring
to nlugher character for candor than the
ordinary newspaper press a statement,
llianwhfch, IIatl--TfulJipc--MarryatrT id
oinnegrnm, have put forth jw calumny on
our country so ridiculously extravagant, is
certainly a matter to be regretted by all tlie
lovers of that literature to which tlio Mes.
senger jr.)fo..scs to bo devoted. .Had the
EJiior deigned to consull'llie first volume
of the Revised Statutes of North Carolina,
which reduces into but Vm'.r more than GOO
pages the whole body of lier public statute
law which is now in force, from" Mapni
Chartti of Great Dritain until Ujeyenr 17
he" mighTaTlcast have spared his appeal to
the " friends of humanity" to use their in
lluenco in erasing a. barbarous provision
from her statute-book." Ho w ill there find,
neither the peine forte et dure of three cen
turies ago, nor any thing which even a bar.
barian could mistake for it. Cut on the
contrary,, an express provision, that " if
any person arraigned shall stand mute, of
malice, or will not answer directly to the in
dTclmeht, in every such case, i shall and
piay be lawful for the Court to order the
pioiter officer to enter a pica -of -nof-gitity
on bohalf of such person ; and thdplca so
entitled shall have the same force and effect
as jf such person had actually pleaded the
" Tlie readers of tho Messenger who may
chahcc K read this will judge whether the
code of North Carolina w wanting in hu
inanity, or the Editor of the Mcsscrigcr in
accuracy of information on a subject which
he volunteers to illustrate.- This provision,
it is true, was. inserted in the llevisal of
1 S3G for the first time. Dut it was then in
serted because the old doctrine of peine for
te el dure had ever prevailed in the State.
All such statutes and parts of tha common (-
law of ureal lmUnuas had been thereto,
fore in force and use in tho Colony, and. as
were not inconsistent with the hew form of
government, wcro adopted by act of the
General Assembly in 1777. But there is
no history or tradition of the existence of
this barbarism, "in force or use," at any
time in the Colony, and it is manifestly in
consistent wilb certain declarationsin the
Dill of Rights, which forms , a part of the
Constitution, adopted in 1776. It there
fore never had & foothold in her criminal
law. And when aivaccuainUncc somewhat
familiar with UiO Reports of cases decided
in her Courts which reach back nearly to the
poriod of tlio Revolution, and with a per
sonal acquaintance with, I believe, every
professional man in tho State now living,
who has been at tlie bar for as much as five
years, I have never read or heard of any
incident in the proceedings of those Courts
which could furnish even a suggestion for
ilic talc of atrocity which Is toid with so
much minuteness, and dwelt on with such
holy horror by the Editor of the Messenger,
ns having been realized "in ono of the
Courts of North Carolina only n few years
ago ; a tale which, if true, would degrade
a North Carolina Judge below tho level of
a Scraggt or n Jeffries, exhibit her unsur.
passed system of enlightened jurisprudence
as no better than that of our English ances
tors in tlwjwprst iimcs bf feudal despotism,
and her fre and gallant people ns not only
patient npictotor.s bu' the ready and will
ing instruments of a most cruel and sav
age mirfdcr. . ' '
So sheer and baseless' a fabrication is
hardly to to found in the adventures of Mun
chausen. Yet the story is told with a pre
cision of description which might almost in-
dicntc a personal attestation, and more in
sorrow than in onger. I he unlucky cut
prit having been "arraigned, stood mute;
w hereupon he was laid oa his back upon the
bare floor, great weights as great, nnd
greater, than he could bear were placed
upon his body, and in this condition he was
fod with ditch-water from a spoon till he
died." This last idea of the ditch-water is,
I think, a irfincment upon the old mode of
torture, nnd I apprehend has no precedent
in the year of books. It was probably mig
gestcd to the writer by some of tho inei
dents which history records as attending the
death of the second Edward ; and, as bo
was wholly unrestrained by nny facts in
drawing his picture,' it would have been
more graphic had he adopted the mode of
killing by which that ill-fated monarch came
to in end. As it is, it is altogether doubt
ful w hether the modern victim made his ex
it by the pressure of superincumbent weights
or, liko Socrates, perished from drink;
whereas there could have been no mistake
in heated iron.
I am aware, Messrs. Editorr, of a habit
ual disposition in certain quarters to dis
parage tho character and institutions of N.
Carolina, nnd to effect those patronising
and ridiculous airs of superiority over her
pooplc which many upstart foreigners have
nssumcd towards our country in general.
Whether tho Editor of the SoutliernLitcr-
ary Messenger is to bo included in this cate
gnry, I know noclf ho "bcvtherels some
consolation in being able to perceive from
ibis his first effort, (so fax as I have known)
that,- like thoe aforesaid foreigners, his at
tempt at disparagement is too destitute of
truth to do much harm among jersons of
tolerable uilormation. l will not "rhal
lenge the universal jurisprudence of modern
Christendom" to a comparison with that of
my native State, lest, like tho Editor of tho
Messenger, I should be found arrogating an
omniscience which indicated that I knew
nothing of either. But I will ventufo to
say to the intelligent reader of tlie Mcsscn
ger, who mny disport himself in the "glad
some light of jurisprudence," that in no
State of this Union will he find a Constitu
tion more redolent of genuine, rational,
American freedom a more liberal, well
defined, just and humane code of laws, and
more bcrievolcnccJirmncssr-.and.. general
intellectual ability in their administration,
than in the Slate of North Carolina.
I am, with high respect, vur obedient
servant, WILL. A. GRAHAM.
Washington, May 2, 1812. '
Ton it? men, liclp.
A stranger stood upon the shore of the
mighty ocean that laves the const of Hol
land. A storm had broken the barrier that
confined its tremendous power w itbin limits
prescribed by man; tho tide swept over lhe
land, burying in one undistinguished ruin,
the labors nnd hopes of many years. Yet
tho possessors of 'those once fair fields did
not sit down in hopeless despondency. Be.
fore the traveller left that scerio of desola
tion, the young ond old were banded toge
tlier, with the firm purpose of making tlie
ocean retreat before tliem. The stranger
looked on with unbelieving wonder as he
saw man 'inall his weakness daring to con
tend with that element on which bis might-,
est 4flofts-bad never-yet left a trace of a
f. roTKtepT" I IT left them,-a nd'wlie n n ftc r
the lapse of a few months he relumed, the
waters had disappeared; and verdure and
beauty again liloomed in thalregion which
ocean lately claimed as his owd domain. I
What had accomplished this wonderful re
suit? United, persevering rfforts.
Y'oung men, such a task is yours. A
tide rtioro desolating has swept over our
own fir land, whelming beneath its dark
and turbid waters no national and individ
ual wealth alone; but the domestic altar,
the sweet charities of homey tlo cheerful
firesides of America. Here and there this
degrading vice has been stayed; but it i
again ruing in its fearful power, menacing
destruction to all we hold dear.;,
" Dreadful ptat of observation,
Made darker every hoar."
When the ' assiduous wife and tender,
hearted mother watches its desolating pro.
gress, and waits with ogony of spirit, the
moment when the last barrier between her
ndu.ttc rjjopclcss jniseiyi is wept away f
she sees bow faint and feeble are tlie efforts
to stay iu course, and as- she presses Iter
little ones to her bosom, ber soul sickens at
the thought that those innocent ones in whom
are garnered up all her earthly hopes, may
tread fn the footsteps of her wo Friends,
tell her not of such n friend,'" for her ap
pealing looks are turned to you She knows
full well that you are to form the character
and habits of our community, and that you
will arisrtifyour strength and consecrate
to . tho cause of temperance tho pride and
vigor of your fearless and elastic spirits, or
warnings of -the aged and the united influ
ences of tho physician, the jurist nnd the
fiastor will bo unavailing. Much indeed
ms been already done. But ask that trerru
hling mother whoso firstborn son, lier hope
and stay, had been enticed to taste the fa
tal cup that has already carried desolation
into her heart and her homo, and she will
tell you that much yet remains to be done.
She looks to you and shall the appeal be
made in vain ?You did ncver yet refuse
to respond to the call of .your country, qr
of suffering, oppressed humanity. Here
then is a cause worthy of freemen, of pa
triots, of those who would witliout hesita.
tion " pledge their lives, their fortunes, and
their sacred honor," in defence of their
native land. Christian Mirror.
From tlie South Carolina Temperance Advocate.
The season of tho year having arrived
at which we may expect to be visited by tho
thunder storms so incident to our climate,
it behooves every citizen, as he values the
security of his family and property, to look
well lo the degree of protection which can
be reasonably expected from the lightning,
rods attached to his dwelling. Perhaps in
no part of the world arc fighblning-rods in
more general use than in this State, but it is
to be regretted that in a majority of in
stances tho expense nnd labor of erecting
them has been wastcd,and that they are
miserably inefficient, nnd very oftcnv serve
to invito the danger which they arc intended
Under these circumstances, it may not
bo regarded ns presumptuous jn one who
professes to have investigated the subject
with some care, both experimentally nnd
thcoreticiilly, to offer a few suggestions, in
the hope of directing general nttcntion to a
matter in which every ono has a deep in
terest. In tho first place, a lightning-rod should
be of solid round iron or copper, one inch
in diameter. The utmost care should be
taken to ensure perfect metallic continuity
through its whole extent, and its summit
should be tipped with a small and very sharp
cone of. goliL firmly unitcdJiy screwing to
the rod. The rod inself, with tho exception I
oftho gold cone, and of that part which
enters tho ground, should bo well coated
Tlie practice so prevalent of terminating
tho rod above in two or three points, can.
not .be Joo. Jtrongly reprobated nnd it A
with surpriso ond regreat we learn that tho
public authorities of the city of Charleston
have sanctioned, by their recommendation,
this mode of construction. It is a law well
known to every electrician, dcducible di
rectly from theoretical considerations, and
abundantly demonstrable by experiment,
thnt a single point afords tlie fagliest degree
of security, nnd that the multiplication- of
them to any extent, becomes a source of
positive danger and upon the same priri
ciplc also, we would condemn tho squar;
or prismatic rods which have been proposed
as their angles are capable of ncting
tlwugh in a feebler degreeras a tyllccUon
One of tho most important questions
connected wilq the subject is tho height of
the rod. lo determine this, wc, shall first
state the general principle of tho protecting
power of lightning rods, and deduce it from
an easy practical rule A light rring-rcHP,
with a good single point rising into the air,
and properly connected with the earth bo
low, furnishes protection to every thing con
tained in an imaginary cone whoso opex is
the summit of the rod," whose axis is the
vertical distance from the opex to the eorth ,
and whoso base, measured on the ground,
is four times the length ofThc a xisT Nowy
as the sido of such a cone, or the distance
from its apex to the circumference of the
base, is very nearly two and a quarter timej
the length of the axis, we arrive at the fo'
lowing simplo rule to delermino whether
any givcffcrlightning-rod affords complete
protection to the home to which it is at-
tarhcrlf-Ascertain first. thevPrtic.nl heicd.t i
.. ,'T , ------ V4nK anaaooKinjs as wen as wnMM pMnfc-
orjnc too, iiicniaaing u coru wnosc icngin I
is just two and a quartervtimes that length,
attach one extremity of it to the summit,
and with the olhcr, describe the largest pos
sible circle on tlie ground around the house.
Jf, in doing so, the cord comes into contact
with no part of the building, it is an evi
dence that tho elevation is sufficient if
otherwise, a greater elevation must bo
given, to an amount that will enable it to
bear this test. -
Economy mill of course suggest ihe poli
cy of carrying the rod to tlie earth by the
abortest convenient route, over tho exterior
of the building. "" It must be firmly secured
at intervals l)y iron holdfasts, from which
its insulation by-fiieccs of horn, as is fre
quently done, is advisable) but "not neces
sary. If there be on tlie building conside
rable masses of conducting material, such
as metallic roofs, gutters, die., they should
all be brought into electrical communica
tion with the rod.
At iu lower termination, tlie rod should
sink into-ho earth until it meets with a
permanently moist stratnm, and when cir
cumslances will permit, its termination in a
running stream, or in tlie water of a well,
would be highly advantageous. The por
Ubn of the rod beneath tlie ground, should
not be painted as fiom its position it would
lie much disposed to rust, we would strongly
recommend to apply to it the galvanic principle-
of protection, which can be easily nnd .
cheaply done by spideringlo itaxslnaiuty
a mass of metallic zinc, weighing two or
three pounds. ' ; '' . , (
,.l.Tlie few. suggestions thus hastily thrown ...
together, embrace, we believe every thing
necessary for practical purposes. They
are not offered ns containing any novel
views, but are legitimate deductions from
tho welj recognized principles.of electrical
scienceare confirmed by experiment, and
have been found in practico entirely sue
cessfu!.: If onr views be correct, and wo
think they will scarcely bo questioned,' we
hope they may induce each of our fellow,
citizens, to ascertain whelheitio las not
been reposing in a security rather fancied
Hot? to msrESSK a mob of Females.
Wo believe that the females Of this country
have never disgraced themselves by tliecom
mission of riotous acts tlicy have never
rebelled against tho lawsof the constitution
al authorities, for the purpose of vindicaf .
ing the rights of women, and compelling an
extcntion of their privileges. But such in
decorous and unfeminiuc proceedings have
been witnessed in other countries. Histo
ry informs us that in the year 1792, the fe
malo part of the population of Toulon in "
France, declared themselves in a state of
insurrection. k They were at first laughed
at, and their threats treated w ith contempt ;
but when they proceeded to acts of violence
it was found necessary to disperse them.
Some regiments of troops were ordered oul
for that purpose, but the hostile manceuvers
of the military appeared to make no im
pression on this extraordinary assemblage. .
of Amazons. The municipal authorities
were reluctant to have recourse to sanguin.
ary measures in order to quell the insurrec
tion, and yarouscxpcdients to intimidate
the fair rebels wcro resorted to in vain.
At last tho Procurator Syndic devised a
method which was attended with complete
success. He ordered the fire engines to bo
brought out, nnd filled with water mixed
with a quantum svjjicit of sooL When alt
was ready for the conflict, they were carried
in front of the enemy, and tho smutty con.
tents of the artillery were vigorously dis
charged into the thickest of their ranks. , ,
The phalanx was broken ; the petticoatcd ,
insurgents speedily vanished from the field
of battle, and returned to their homes with -
drenched and soiled garments and sooty
complexions. Boston Jour.
EriTirn. The following is a literal copy
of an epitaph on a deceased ' sausage i tin
ker,' in Paris, dedicated by his inconsola
ble,' better half. Ye-who havc-tears pre;
pare to shed them now :
" Here lies buried the body Jean Tierre
Corlett, who died June tho 2nd. .1832.
His inconsolable widow continues tho sou
sage business in all its varieties, at the old
stand, No 175 Rue street Honore, where
she will bo happy to serve the customers of
her late lamented husband.
N. B. Orders for sausages must bo ac
ebmpanied by "ilic cashJ ;
A gluttonous fellow in dnyi post, whil.
on bis way down the turnpike for Albany,
stormed npnr rlinnpr f !mr In rr.frti I. ;....!(
jini colrolrylawrrrrApplying to" the Ud.
lord for some dinner, he was ana werod that
a' pig had been roasted for a parly that would
be there in half an hour, but if Ik would
cut smoothly from the Caledonian, he might
go in before the party arrivrd. In went ,
the glutton. Half an hour afler, fhe'land.. '
lord followed to see if hi visitor was near
done ; when to his astonishment, the glut,
ton (as the last of tho pig was disappearing
in the vertex of his mouth,) exclaimed,
Lanlort, have ye got any moro ob deso
lectio hocks.' Oneida Whig.
WiiItswasji- Tlwwk notWflj whirfi n much
improves tlie appearance of a honxc and the pre.
mixes as pa in line: or whitcwasliimxtbe tcncmonla
and fences. The following recipes (or while wash
ing have beea found by experience to answer tho
lame purposo for wood, brick and stone, us oil
paint, and are much rlKJapcr.-Tlie first is tli re.
cipeused for the President's house at Washington,
improved by further eprrirocni.::" Tl second
a minplcr and cbrapur one, which Uic writer has
--. " r' 'asinj as
lUt-tr. lake lull a I
bushel of annlaefced lime. '
trid slack it with Soiling waW, covering H during
Ihe process. Strain it, end adit a peek nf salt rfi.
solved in wartnwiter; three pounds of ground
rice boiled to a tlim paste, put in boiling hot ; half
a pound of powdered Spanih whiting, and a pound
of clear glue dissolved fu warm wabr Mix, and
let it stand several dsya. TVn keep it in a ket
tle on a portable furnace, end put it on as hot a'
posnihW, with a painter's or avlniewsiili hnitlu
soTHr-B- Make whitewash in Die usual way,
except that the water used should have two dou- -ble.handfulls
of s-lt dissolved in each panful of
tlie hot water used. Then stir in double band
ful of fine sand, to make it thick like cream. This
is better to be pot on hot. Coloring matter may
be added to both, making a light stone color, a
rrcam color, or a light bull; which are moat suiUu
ble lot buildings. . - V
The Houston (Texas) Telegraph warm
young men about to emigrate to Texaa to
beware j of intemperance. It saya Texas
can effer naught to the intemperate ltd an
early grate. Of anarty of seventeen per. -sons
who emigrated from New York three,
years ago, ono only survives, litis morta. .
lity Is attributed to intemperance. ' J;
Emigrants arc pouring into Tessa
in great numbers. Santa Ana would find
his foes had increased by regiment, if lie
should go over to pay abt compliments to
Cen. Houston. .