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tm I i try 1 , .1 .
CUi:. ).uyr x'vvif fefi: .f H'l
-Vv' i'5 V'. r.rH tfik-jfiwit '".-..4
VOL.- III. NUMBER !7.
" ASIIE VILLE, N. C, SEPTEMBER 2,-1842.' .
WTIOLE NUMBER 1 11..
f- - ,
Mil . . t.. . .
f v J 7.V V V ((G).
nUXTfcD AXD PUBUSIIED WEEKLY
BY J. n. CMISTY & CO, ;
Publishers of the Lanes of the United State.
Tiili pnpet, U published it Two Doi.urs a year,
in sdvsnoe -Tw Dollars and Fifty Cent In
nix months or, Threo Dollars St the end of the
year. Sos projeotu.) , - - ' -
Adwrttfcmcnta inserted ftt One Dollnr pcf tqnara
for the first, and Tucnty-Five Cents for each
continuance-; xurt Orders will be charged
twenty per cent extra. -
LAWS OF THE U. STATES,
ramdat the teeondSemon tf th 27A Congress.
oFFiciAi, npticATioy. J
rPt7BUCNo, 15.1 :
AN ACT foi the extension of the Joan of eighteen i
hundred and forty-one, and for an addition of
five millions of dollars thereto ; and lor allow.
ins interest on Treasury notes due.
.Be it enacted bu the Senate and House of Re.
yrestntntioes of the United States of Amenta w
(longrees assembled, That the time limited by the
first section of the act of Cor.gress, entitled ' An
act authorizing a loan not exceeding the l"m of I
iwrim iiiiumiia ui !, r .twwM i
y-first, eighteen hundred and forty.ne,for ob. 1
laming said Joan, shall be, and the same whereby,
lAiLiiuiu m w v; ...... ,-..-yvtj
e 0.2. Aadbe it fwrtlvr enacted, Ihabjo much
m saia iowi m nmjr uu uuibhivu hu u
of this act shall be mado reimbursable a shall be
ngrceonpon aud determined at the turn of issu-
ing said stock, either at the will of the 'secretary I
vi uiv 'i""""j .uw..j i
first day of January next . ; j. 1 .
ec. 3. jladt it further eiwctfi, That tho
certificates hereafter to be issued fcf said loan
may, when required, be in soch form as shall be
irrcseribed by the Secretary of the-Tn
that the stock may be transferable by delivery
the certificate, instead of being assignable on the
books of the Treasury. .-:. , , .. . ;
90. L-: And -he it further enactrdr That . tli
Secretary of the Treasury be, and he hereby is,
authorized to dispose of tho stock hereafter to be
issued, or any part thereof, at its par value, but
no part thereof shall be disposed of under par tm.
til the same has been advertised a reasonable time
and proposals for subscription to said loan invited.
And tho said .Secretary is hereby authorized to
accept such proposals, if he deem it for the intc.
rest of the United States so to do, as shall offer
the highest price for said stock or any part there
of ; or to appoint an agent or agents, as provided
in the third section of the act approved July twen.
ty-onc eighteen hundred and fbrty-onc, before re.
cited, to negotiate the same : Provided, That no
stock shall o disposed of at a lower rate than the
highest price oAered in said proposals. . , ,
oc. 5. A nd be II further enacted, That the mo.
pys arising from duti oo goods, Wares, and mcr.
chandise which may be hqnottcd mto the United
States, or so much thereof thall ho eqnal to
the payment, from' time to time, of the interest,
and to the ultimate redemption of the principal
of the said stick, be, and the same are hereby,
pledged for the paytnen and redemption of tho
stock hereafter to be issued under and by virtue
of this eet and the said act of July twenty .first,
eighteen hundred and forty .one, hereby amended,
and so much thereof as may be necessary to pay
tho interest on said stock, and redeem the same
when due, is hereby appropriated to that object,
to bo first applied by the Secretary of tho Treasu
ry to turh payments and redemption. .
ee. 6. And be it further enacted. That it shall
!e the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to
report to Congress, at the commencement of the
next session, the amount of money borrowed un
der this act and tho act hereby amended, and of
whom and upon what terms it shall have been
obtained, with an abstract or brief statement of
nil the proposals submitted for the same, distin
guiahing between those accepted and those reject,
i d ; and a detailed statement of the expense of
making such loans. , . - .' ' .
wn-T.-Jtrid be it ptrVter-ennctta, I hat att the
provisions of the said act, not hereby modified or
changed, shall bo and remain in force, and apply
to this act. . - ; i . -
Sec. 8. j4nrf be it further enacted,. That tho
irrrsidcnt "of IhoJUnitcd Stales is hereby autho
rized to borrow an additional sum, not exceeding
tho sum of five millions of dollars, if In his opin
ion the exigencies of the Government shall re.
Hiiro the samo ; which additional loan shall be
made within the time according to the provisions
of said act, as modified by this. .
ec. 9. And he it further enacted, , That all
Treasury notes heretofore issued under the act
entitled " An act to authorize the issuing of Trea
sury notes," approved the twelfth day of October,
eighteen hundred thirty-seven, and tho acts sub.
xequcnt thereto, and now outstanding and unre.
jrc mcd, or which may hares ftnr bn issued under
und by virtue of the same, shall, if. due and un
paid before tho fifth day. of march eighteen hun
dred and forty-two, bear interest at the rate of six
' er cent, per annum from that day 'and " when
they .may become due hereafter, or may have be.
romo duo since the said fifth of March, eighteen
hundred, and Lforty. two, shalLbcar interest .from
tho day of their so becoming due,, at the rate of
six pct cent, per annum, until thry shall be re
spectively redeemed ; Provided, That such inte
rest shall cease at the expiration of sixty day's
notice, to be given at any time by the Secretary
of the Treasury in .one or more of the principal
papers published at the seat of Government, or a
xoulincss tie redeem the same. And the said in.
tercet shall be payable semi-annually at IhrTrea-
Hiiry of the United States, on the first days of
Junuary and July in every year, : .
AX ACT to regulate arrests on mesne process in
the District of Columbia. - ' -Be
it enacted by the Senatt and House of Re
peeentalives'ef the United States of America in
Veneres assembled. That hereafter no person
Khali be held to bail in any civil suit in the District
f Columbia, nnlcss'on affidavit fil?d by the plain,
tiff or his agent? stating in eases of debt or eon.
tract tin amount of which ha venly believes to
. bo due, and that the same baa been contracted by
fraod or false pretences, or through a breach of
f trust, or that the defendant Is concealing or has
1 concealed his property in the District or elsewhere,
or is abont to remove the same from this District
or the place of his residence, in order to evade the
payment of the debt, or that, being a resident of
the District and aomiciled therein, is about to ab
scond without paying the debt, and with a view to
avoid the payment of the same, setting forth all
the facts on which said allegations of frsnl ee
"reach of trust are fonndod, and in all eases set
tmg forth the grounds, nature, and partienlan of
the claim. The sufficiency of the affidavit to
hold to bail, and the amount of bail to be given,
hall, upon application of tho defendant, be do.
cided by the oourt in term time, and by any single
jadgs in vacation In all cases in which the affi-
. davit required by this act is not filed previously to
issuing the wri tho defendant upon its service.
hallnot be required to rive bail, but merely to
gufu oiuvr u uiectcr ui ue oourt 10 emer lus
ppefrance in the ause, which, if he refuses to
oo, n may v10' 00 neid bail as in other eases.
I Sel 2., And be it further enacted, That any per.
son njw Held to bad in a civil suit in the said Owi
trtci toy apply to the Circuit Court of the said
Distrit in term time, or to anv Judire thereof In
vacatii, for a rule to show cause why he shall
not belischnrired on nllne a common anneuntncii.
and shll be so discharged unless the plaintiff or
hisagcit shall fiio a itiilioicnt affidavit,-in eon.
lormitnviui the provisions of the preceding sec
tion, wliin a reasonable period of time to bo. as.
signed a the court or the iudtre to wit wn the ai-
Approted, August 1. 1843.
rWte Nob 85.1
AN ACTifrBntine to the county of Johnson, In
the Teriitory of I va,lho rijfht of pre-emption
tf a tnepvt tend for t tnt of jiwtieefar said
-county, and repealing the teeoHd section of an
act approved the Uiirq day of March, eighteen
, hundred aid thirty.nino, entitled " An act ma.
- kinjr a donation of" land to the Territory of Iowa
Jorinepurposfol creeling puUliopuiwings Uiero.
on." , - -
Be it enacted by tie Senate and House of Re.
I presentation of the United Slates of America in
Congress assembled, That the rlphtof pre-emp-
j tion, at the minimum nrieo for which the nubile
lands are sold, is hereby granted to the county of
tfuiinxon, m me i errtiory or lows, tor the Trao-
tional nortliwcst quarter, east of the river, of see
tion number fifteen, in township seventy-nino, of
range six, wesi or ine principal incridmn, as ro.
ported to the land officers at Dubaqne, in said
lerntory, containing one hundred and seventeen
acres and sixty-four one-hundreUis of an acre.
mora or less, on the same terms and conditions
expressed m the act of tho twenty-sixth day of
may, eignieen nunorea and twonty-rour, entitled
An act granting to the counties and narishes of
each State and Territory of the United States in
which the public lands are situated, the right of
pre-emption to quarter sections of land for seats
of justice within the same which said right of
nipiiun is iii ieu ui inat to tho quarter soo
hcretofore located by tho commissioners of
county, which is rciinauistaed. '
' See. 2. And be it further enacted. That so much
of the second section of an act entitled "An act
making a donation of land to the Territory of
V. 4U- L - - . : If . r
mvtra, ,w wio fjuijiuvo vi unTCling puuilC DUIlUingS
weroon," approvca me unra day or Alurch, efgh
teen hundred ond thirty-nine, as directed the con.
tiguous sections to the section to be selected
under said act, for the purposes aforesaid, to be
reserved from sale or entry until the further action
of Congress thereon, be, and the same is hereby,
repealed ; Prouided, That tho right of pre-emption
shall not accrue to any person or persons who now
are or may hereafter settle on said lands under
any existing pre-emption law.' (
-Approved, August 1, 1812. k . ,' ',
Pcblic -No. 30.
AN ACT for Die benefit of I ho county of Holt, in
, the State of Missouri.
Be it enacted bu the Senate and House of Re.
presentatiles of. tha United States of America in
congress assembled, I hat tho proper authorities of
and they hereby are, authorized to make entry, at
the proper land officot wiUiin one year next after
the date of this act, at the minimum price, of the
west half of tie south-west quarter of seetion
numbered twesty-six and the east, half of the
southeast quarter of section numbered twenty,
seven, in towsship numbered sixty, and range
numbered thirty-cight, situated in said county of
Holt, making one hundred and sixty acres, upon
which the seat of justice of said county is loca tod,
in full satisfactioi of the 'claim of said county
under tho provisions of tho act entitled "An act
granting to the ceunties or parishes of each Stato
and Territory of tho United States in which the
public lands are situated, the right of pre-emption
to quarter sections of lands for scats of justice
within the samo," approved twenty-sixth of May,
one thousand eight' hundred and twenty-four:
Provided, That said lands shall not havo been sold
by the United States prior to the duto of this act.
Approvod, August'!, 1842.
AN ACT to confirm the salo of a certain school
section in the Stab of Illinois, and for other
purposes. i " u
Be it enacted bv tie Senate and House of Re.
presentatices of the United States of America in
Congress assewLled, that the sale heretofore made
of section number sixteen, in township number
thirty-nine, north of range fourteen, east of the
third principal meridian, in the State of Illinois,
by and under the auttnrity of said State, with the
assent of the inhablants of tho Congressional
township in which slid seetion is situate, be, and
the same is hereby, confirmed : Provided, That
this act shall be eoretrucd as only giving the as
sent of the United States to said sale, and to the
patents issued by tlw State of Illinois to tho pur
chasers of the same,' so far as the United Steles
are concerned in thomatter.
"Approved, August 1, 1842.
T . ' tPrELic No. 38. - r - -AN
ACT to constitute the ports of Stoninglon,
-'" Mytic river, and Faweatuck river, a collection
Be U enacted bu the Senate and House of Re.
presentativesaf the United States of America in
Congress assenUiled, That the town of SStomngton,
in the county of New London, State of Connecti.
cut, shall be a -collection district, from and after
the thirtieth day of June next 4 and that the port
of .Stonington, aforesaid shall be, and hereby is,
made a port of entry. - ' .
. Sec. 2. Jnd be it further ehdclectThit tho dig.
trict of Stonington shall comprehend ail the wa
ters, shores, bays, and harbors, from the. west line
of Mystic river, including the villages of Porters.
villa and Noank, in the town of Groton, State of
Connecticut, "to the east line of Faweatuck river,
ineludiug the town of Westerly, State of Rhode
Island, any thing in any former law to tire con
trary notwithstanding. .
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted. That from
and after tho thirtieth day of Jury present, the
office of tho surveyor of the port of Stoiiington
aforesaid be, and the same is horeby, abolished ;
and a collector for the aforesaid district shall be
appointed to reside at the port of Stonington, who,
in addition to his other emoluments, shall be enti.
tied to receive the salary now allowed by law to
the surveyor aforesaid, and no more ; and said
collector shall also perform the duties heretofore
enjoined on the surveyor.
Approved, August 3, 1843. ; V "
' Speaker of the House of Representatives,
' WILLIE P. MANGUM,
President of the Senate pro tempo je.
Approved, August 3, 1842.
'If you don't accept my challenge,"
said one gentleman of honor tcrnnotlier, I'll
gazette you; so take your choice, - Co
ahead, said tho other,' I would rather fill
but gazettes than one coffin. - .
55 ' t . wi minivi miiiiui lin n UI I . m . . tL .
the county WIIolt," Tn the State W TWlasourt, be;tXn(T(m5lUesrrJ in
e . , 1 ; v f, Foe tus. Mcsscxokb.
; On th 13th of August, 1810, Mrs. E.
and tnysolf left New York, 'twr home, for
puagara rails, in the Northern part of the
State of Wcw York." We. reached there in
four days,, by stagcar EteamhoaUr4UJdraiI
roads, which carried us. with great, speed
through one of the most beautiful, romantic,
rich, and tliriving couDtrics in our land. I
mean Western New York.' Its waving
farm productions, lofty forests, over-hann;
ing hills, poorly streams, undulating hills
and classy Inkcs, all lend it a . cbann that
none but flio blind could help but admiro.
This part of th eountry seems fo Imve been
intended by the Maker of all things as a
sort of reservoir or storo-housc fur that great
city', New York. Tho beautiful towns, vil
lugos, and country scats on our way were
numberless. After we arrived at tho t alls,
wo took lodgings at tlte"Catcract4ouso,"
kept by Whitney 6 Son ; a tolerably well
kept house. v I did not rush down- to sco
the Falls and their wonders immediately
after our arrival, as ono would to see a dear
friend ; but waited until tho next morning,
so that I mighi view them at my-leisure,
and without over, or hastily .undervaluing
their real beauty or sublimity. According,
ly, on the morning of .Wednesday, August
17, we left our lodgings, with many ethers,
to see the great, tho unsurpassed Ameri
can scenery, that which she may be proud
of, and even dare the universe o present a
scene of equal grandeur and . sublimity.
For my own part, I was not overwhelmed,
struck insensible, norconfounded, but filled
with admiration,'' awe, reverence, and
solemn, but unspeakable pleasure. Tho
following inquiries pressed themselves upn
me at once : Why might not this river havo
passed on directly on a level as above tho
Falls? Why this great fissure or declivity
in a solid rock T Why this eternal roar of
earth shocking thunder in this secluded but
now charming place? Echo answered why.
Every clear morning a beautiful rain-bow
eirls in a half moon, from tho centre at the
bottom of tho Falls, tho whole scenb of
foam and mist below, including tho beauti.
ful cascade shore, and a mist floats through
it as the driftins snow through" the beams
of the sua, or a passing breeze , and ascends
as tho 6moke of everlasting torments, 'for.
ever and ever." ; Tho mellow tints of tho
rain bow charm our admiration somewhore
in tho vicinity of the Falls, at all times.
from tho " rock tower.? I would not swop
a sight from this spot (in a temporal souse)
for that in which Moses is represented by
tho poet when he says, "
" Could I but climb where Moses stood
And view tho landscape oe'r.
Not Jordan's stream nor death's cold flood,
Could fright mo from the shore."
Nor could any thing I havo ever seen
fright mo from thalThore," without a first
and it last fond look. The numberlesslain.
bows here only hide their silken beauhes
for the approach of the sun 5 when this rises
with its gilded light, they bury themselves
in the spray, and no soonor does " old Sol"
hide his eloryTwlnlniTlho-western-! peaks"
than they take their usual position with ap
parent renewed splendor and vivacity.
me, and gazing intensely upon tho sccno
before me, I saw a little humming bird dart
from a crevice ncaf . me, bathe his golden
wings in the tints of the rain-bow, litt- him.
self proudly above tho roaring cataract,
and wend his course triumphantly inrougn
the clouds of mist and dashing spray di
rectly to tho opposite shore; thus changing
his habitation from ono government and
nation to another, across the most imposing
and majestic scene in the known world,
and that too In a moment's time. Whilst 1
sat with delight, viewing his flight, I could
not but envj him his wings and advenlur.
ous little spirit ; and the more so, ' when 1
sat, worm-like,upon a log on tho verge of
a precepice, not during to advance a foot.
I involuntarily ejaculated, " Oh-had 1 his
powers proportionably appropriated to my.
self, with my present searching curiosuy,
how would luaff-tho-mUUsthat incessant.
hr rise, float and never disappear ncrei
Incessantly they shine,"" O! (Jod t how
beautiful, hoiiv imposing, and how wonder
ful arc they? And how much more so art
thou thou great Jehovah, that made them
allT Man. all immortal hail list and seo
th works ef thy maker God! And thou,
O Earth wonder, admire, anu pc asionisn
ed at his-" handy work." From the top
of tho hill, above " Biddle's Stair-case," is
one of the finest views l in tho morning,)
that it is possible to tmmaginc. - The whole
view is ono of lnucscnoaoie oeauiy. e
lore, inhale the morning breeze, behold the
beauties of tho rising sun, the water fall,
the varienated rain.bows, tho heaven as-
cending mists, themajectic river, the over-
ranging rocks uw nounaing oiuown, uie
oaping torrents, tho craggy precipices, un
fathomable dcrlb8, inscrutable wonders,
the .shores of our own and another country,
and hgar,at the samo time, tho ceaslcss
roar of this stupendous body of water,
over an ovpr.hanging precipice, whkh for
its form, situation, height and beauty, can
not be surpassed by any thing of a like
character in the known world. While here,
tho toad chiming and rhyming spirit of the
muses, got hold on me, and I forged out
the following precious morceaat ;-
I love to steal an hour away ,'. .
In siome sequestered bower, '
And breath th parting smile of day
Neath some romantic flower. 1
Or climb some lofty lowering rock, - .
Some overhanging hill, " ' -''
Above the plain and shepherd's llocki
, f Above the murming rill, -
. Or set mo in some lonely grove ' '
' Where evening tepbyrs pass me by,'
; Where natare whispers naught but love,
And love creates no sigh. - - '
J; rOr place me In some tlidlng bark;
'- Some loved one's favorite stream
Where twilight lingers like a spark,' r' ;
' ; Jtencath the moon's polo beam. ,,!- s
Orb-ad me'to a brwhcr'r grave" T'
Where brothers often weep,
Wbeve wr-rpmg angds erowd to save,
And watch, and never slwp.
,' Or place mo on some gentle steed ' '
In woods forlorn and wild,
Or lot me cross some flowery mead ' '
Where natmo always smiled. '
Or sikme by some eroggy rock, - -r.
; Samo jniphjj rolling stream,'" . .
Away from town and villago clock, -"
; And from the sun's bright beam.
J Or take me to that mighty place
Where thunders never cease,
Where rainbows dance with comely grace
. And wonders noey decrease. .,
Where rolls the mighty cataract
In awful grandeur by, '.
Where sight reveals the fact ,
' And facts oo'rwhclm the eyo.
Whcro works reveal the power of Gofl
lit nature's gurb sublime,
Whore waters flow without a ' rod" ,
, And speak "a God divine"
What e'er I am, whore e'er I bo,
If where I nover trod, '
Rive mo the peace tliut flows from thee
Thou great clcrnhl God. -Tho
Falls. T f
W e wandered to and fro." all around the
Island, during the wholo day, admiring the
sccuury on an siucs 01 us, ana culling many
. (1 1 i 1 I..
ocautiiui and variegated flowers that crow
spontaneously here, until the sable curtains
of night warned us that they could most
graciously refresh and strengthen us by our
going ourselves into their dark keeping,
which, after receiving a plentiful supply in
to our distillery , wcchcertully complied with
Notwithstanding my bodily fatigue, tho
Falls occupiod the whole errand of my
5 On tho 18th, wo crossed tho river about
mile below tho Falls and went over to tho
Canada side, stopped at the Clifton House-
paid two shillings a glass for Lemonade
visited Barnetfs Museum, who charged no.
thing forgoing tn, but two shillings for com.
ing out!! He, like tho man, is very ac.
commodating for ono's money. Ills Mu
scum, however, irvcry well worth seeing.
It contains many curiosities, gathered
around tho Falls, and from different parts
of the world. His Camera Obsura gives a
good view of the Falls. From this placo,
we have a full view of tho Falls, both on
tho Canada and-A mc.ric.aa side, which is
l. .11' . - i f . -j
iruiy Buaiimo ; nw uia nnesi view on mo
Canada" side, is from tho- Clifton House,
wh:ch entirety baffles description.. AH tho
way from this to tho Tablo rock, on tho
same side, (which is as high up as wo can
go) there aro tremendous precipices, de
tached rocks, and caverns hundreds of feet
perpendicular, besides springs, curious
frenks in nature, &c. &C Wo descended
the steps at Table rock, which aro 80,- as
we did those of Biddle's, on tho opposite
side, which numbered 90, besides many
steps made on tho hill sido, before reaching
them, and went directly unden the Falls
after reaching tho foot of thorn. This is a
difficult matter to accomplish, as the pas.
sago is exceedingly rough and narrow, and
no one gets there without genteel drench.
ingrexscpt they6 ro Tufiilsheff wltlfanln.
dia rubber suit, which may bo procured at
the top of tho hill. Persons frequently go
under, or through a sheet of water,-for
some distance when this is done, they are
completely under the main fall of water,
and tho over-hanging rock which it passes
over, and at tho samo timo they aro nt tho
zenith of their glory, and have accomplish,
cd tho utmost degree of daring and adven
turc, and consummated tho Inst or grand,
est feat which can be attained to here, or
their curiosity and perscverence can afford
them; for which they receive a certificate
on their return, and their names, the date
&c., is registered nt the top of tho hill.
Nothing kept me from trying this, but bo
timidity of my "better half." I had to yield
to her weapon (i.o tears) and thus v debar
myself of an adventure that my whole mind
and heart were bent upon, dead or olive.
Scvcralgentlcmcn, and one lady, went un-
der while wo were there. A guido is ne-,
ccssary hero, at all times, who provides for
his companions . suitable. opparcU- The
whole atmosphere about, this place, smells
strong!yof sulphur ; and if there were
brimstone and fire about it I would goto it,
for it is altogether one of the most snblime,
grand, slupehdoufToverwhelming and "aw.
fully picturesque spots that ever stood up.
on, or beheld on earth. NolhrhgTsnrrmnT
iatUreo JtWhilo we stood overshadow,
cd by a mountain rock, on the(one hand,
the great Niagara poured Over at tho other
-tiie deep cavern and abyss of troubled
waters rolled under our feet, and tho blue
vault ol Heaven, str6tched as a curtain
above the whole, none but God himself could
know our feling3. We looked up, and
the cataract seemed high as Heaven; down
and tho waters deep as perdition ; around
ami all seemed as strong as the pillars of
eternal truth ; within, and w felt tho im
press of God Almighty's power, goodness,
and mercy. Thrones, principalities, and
powers were nothing to us on this occasion.
But God was all and in alL He who can
stand here, and throw the powers of sight
to the top of the Falls and overhanging
rocks without seeing any higher or feeling
ta holy and heavenly impulse, must be less
than human. A s for me , 1 sliall never for
get the impressions there made upon me.
The Niagara Falls are the property and
glory of tho two greatest nations in the uni
verse the prido of them both ; . a scene of
endless dmiratiori! nt emblem Of heaven's"
kindness and wisdom, a bulwark in God's
creation, and tm incontrovertible 'proof. of
his design, power, and wisdom. At onq
lima here tho rainbow, was under my.fcct,
tho earth my chariot, tho clouds my com.
pinions, and earth-shaking thunder my mtu
sical companion I Our exit from this place
was attended with those impressions wo
sometimes have inLparting . with near, and
dear friends.' On the following day wc
visited tho Devil's Hole," where tho
Frcpch and Indians, at dead of niirht, pro.
fcipilatcd 293 out of 300- British soldiery
to a distance of 150 feet intu death's arms
and eternity's rates. : It was trulv to them
a 'dead march.'1 .This is art awful placo.
From hero we went to tho "Whirlpool,1
whicn will guarantee to any. one, aching
ooncs and a panting heart, before no gets
to or from it. 1 Whea there, blind bo tho
eyes, ond withered be the heart that would
or could not appreciate its endless beauties.
1 ms pool is about a hair mile in diameter,
is round, and receives tho wholo of tho
river, which pours into it with great force
from tho rapids above, whore it leaps,
roars, and dashes in grand succession.
1 ho water, nfler , being mado drunk by
whirling round and boiling up, finds its
way ut and pursues its onward course.
Tho largest oaks are mere playthings for
it; they aro whirled up and down, and
drawn under without any effort 5 and some,
limes they are carried round, under .and
about hero for days before they leave tho
embraces of this monster of the deep.
The largo rocks here roar like thunder, in
consequence of the water thrown under
them from tho whirlpool. We gathered
many beautiful specimens of rock about Its
edge, and then left it.
From this place to tho Falls (4 miles) the
country is beautiful and level; and there is
no more appearance of a river than there
is in tho sandy deserts of Arabia; and at
tho samo time one of tho greatest bodies of
water in America courses through a cavity
of solid rock, varying in depth from one to
two hundred feet, and the perpendicular
rocks aro as much higher on each Bide
above tho surfaco of the water!
Many tremendous rocks hava separated
from U10 great mass and tumbled into the
river, both at and below tho Falls. . We
returned by tho Sulphur Springs, and again
went over and all around the Island. And,
to immortalize myself, I carved my name
on ' Riddles SIcds."" and on a small tree
o X3oiu.Ilnnd American sido) towards
tho' American, Fails, where I expect it wui
be handed down to posterity ns a lasting
mprcssion of tho searching nature of my
penknifo ! There aro many scenes and
places about tho Falls of noted character
and importanco to tho admirer of the beau,
tifuland tho lover of American history ;
but I must ccaso detailing, first, for tho
want of time, and secondly, for want of
sense. l$ut while icmory lasts, i shall
never forget Niagara Falls. I quit them
with as much reluctanco ns I would tho
gravo or last embrace of my nearest friend.
And, were 1 ablo, my footsteps should mark :
their soil every year. But Wo are pass,
ing away from this beautiful earth, and
cannot always enjoy tho scenes wo would.
As toa doscnption of the- l-allsr their on-4
gin, timo or existence, &c, I have nothing
to suggest, because I am entirely incapable
of making a beginning at an ndequate re
presentation of what they are now. AH I
havo to say is, I have secnTThave admired
them, and never expect to look upon their
ike again. And I would advise all others
of tho curious world' to go and see them,
certainly, surely without fail.
On the morning of August 22d, we took
a last fond look" at the Falls, and " were
off." May Heaven spare me "to see tliem
again and again ! J. M. E.
Law of CorvBiGHT Wo havo seldom
met a stronger illustration of tho necessity
which exists for an international law or
copyright, than a notice which wo .find in
tho Iew World 0 paper published at New
York on tho 2d of April. Tho editor an-
nounccs that, on tho 4th inst., he would
print thewholo of Sir.L. Butwcrs newt
novel Zenoni, in one number of his journal,
of 32 quarto pages, to behold at 12 i cents.
Tho injustice of lhiaiTO9t-4ie-obvieu3-te4
every body ; for, (without rclenng to feir
Bulwer s exclusion from the benefits
arising from tlio sale of his productions in
the United States) as American newspa
pers aro allowed to circulate freoly in our
colonrcsrond irr England,-tlieregularedi-tions
of Znnoni ore met ond undersold by
this practical reprint on British ground. A
bookseller at Quebec Could, without let or
lindrancc, order and circulate, a thousand
copies of the New World, containing Za-
noni, to tho direct injury ot tno isngiisn
publisher'snterests in Canada ; and even
a, London, newsman could, if he thought
proper, import ten times as many, and sell
for a shilling what Messrs. Saunders and
Otley cannot sell for less than a guinea.
W e commend this circumstance to the at
tention of Sergeant Tulfourd and Lord
Mahon. London Alias. ' -
A man in this vicinity once sent a barrel
of cranbornes to a friend in foreign parts,
who bad never seen any fruit of the kind.
n a few months be received a letter in
which his friend expressed great regret that
on account of the length of the voyage, the
fruit were tour when they arrived, and he
was' consequently obliged to .throw them
away.Lerfger. , j ........ y
J TIo common potato.' . . , , - !
It Ir pretty gcncratly-wndcrstood thatther -potato
is indigenous to Chili and Peru, iii '
which countries it grows wild.V Tho plant ; "
Is very 'Common about Valparaiso, ana Mr. '
Cruikshank says, thai he has noticed it along ."" '
tho coast for fifteen leagues to the northward (i
of that port.; ;', Thcro is one peculiarity as- f - "f
cribed to the wild plant by tho gemlcrr.nn, J
viz.7 that the flowers "were" all pure white,.:' ? '
free from tho purple tint so common in the
cultivated varieties Amidst cohfb'cu'ogjcsv
limony and opinions on rite subject, we must,
give to Sir Walter Raleigh tho credit of in. ?
traducing the potato. . lis introduction into -Ireland
by him in 1010, is well authentica- '
ted by, cor roborativo "testimony. . Among
tho anecdotes told of this enterprising voy
agcr, it is said when his gardncr at oung. .
hall in tho county of Cork, had reared to ;
tho full maturity of apples the potatoes r
, which he had received from tho knight, as ..
a lino fruit from America., the man brought
to his master one of tho apples, and asked
if that was tho fine fruhY" Sir Walter hnv- ' '"'
ing examined it, was, or feigned, to bo so .
dissatisfied that he ordered tho " weed" t,
bo rooted out. The gardner obevod, and -in
rooting out tho weeds found a bushel of
potatoes, j. ; .. .",'.'."". '." .
The discrepancy of opiuion respecting -;
tho introduction ol the potato into Lurope,
secrns to have arisen from confounding hd(
sweet with the common potato. , Tlio laU, '
tcf was Introduced into Europe long before
tho former, and it seems most probable that ,
it was the species brought from New Gran
ada by Hawkins. ' ; . v ," i; . '
Potatoes were first looked upon as a -great
delicacy, and cultivated by a very
few. -The Royal Society, in 1603, encou-
raged a more extensive cultivation of them
as a means of preventing fainino.. Prcvi-
ously to 1604 they were raised only it! gar
dens of the nobility and gentry r but in that
year, they were planted, for the first ti.mcj v
in the open fields of Lancashire ofcouq.
try in which they have ever bcerr very ex
tensively cultivated.- Tlwirgrowlh-was;
more rapidly extended In Ireland than in , "
England, and they havo long furnished J
from two-thirds to four-fifths of tho entire; ...
food of tho people of Ireland, Potatoes
were not raised in Scotland, except in gar. '
dens, till 1728, when they were planted In ,
tho open 'fields by a person by tho namo of
Prentice, a day laboror at Kilsyth. ' . ,
Somo of tho goodpeoplq in Scotjand
were opposed, at first, to the new yegcta- 11
ble, declaring that-,l potatoes, wcro not
mentioned in tho Bible. ' Somo of theso . .
prit ?S th Ionian Islands, at a later- pe
riod, exponents probably of tho prejudices
of tho peoplo, manifested their hostility by
alleging that the potato was tho forbidden '
fruit, tho cause of man's fall ; and of course
its uso was both immoral and irreligious. -Of
a piece with this was the hostility of tho
t rench to Ihe growth of tho potato in their -
country, in tho voting against a benovolent
gentleman who took pains to foster its cul ¬
ture, under tho plea that ho bad invented
tho potato. " ' ' i r. '. .. ,
. "1 ho potato was introduced from Eng
land into tho Netherlands, and thence into 1
Germany, in tho early part of tho last ccn.
tury. It was first cultivated in 1620, but
notwithstanding tho exertions and rccom-
mendations of Liunccus, it did not como
Info gcnerarculirvatlon tintiM7047whcna
royal edict, was published for tho "encou-
ragcmeni 01 mis uruueu oit nu-juuiiuty.
In France, much of the final success 01
its mora extended culUvation was due to tho.
final success of its more extended cultiva.
tion was duo to the exertions of the bene
volent rarmcnticrV'wha persevered amidst
opposition and ridiculo of all kinds. For
a while, the king, Louis XVI, and his!
court , wore tho flower of the potato in tho
button-holes of tlicir coats, as a means of
enlisting popular favor, or, what at that
time was equivalent,' fashion, pri its side.
The dearth in tho first year of tho rcvolu.
tion, served to direct attention moro and
more to the cultivation of tho potato, which,
after a time, became general. To it were
tho people of France and other parts of
Europe indebted for pBotcction against fa
mine, in tlw disastrous years of 1816 and
1817. "Ave might suppose, however, trom
the following incident, lhatlhO prfjadiccs
against the root were not so great inj all
parts of France, even at tho timo in which
Wrmcrrtierwoa laboring-so- har d-i4tsfa
vor. In seven years1 war 1756-1763 ' :
a small detachment of the , French army,
while in Saxony, having its supplies wTiolly
cut off, the soldiers subsistcA-lor-iiight or.
ten days entirely on potatoes, obtained from -fields,
nor .was tho manner of living con
sidered among them as by any moans a
hardship. Less than thirty-years befom
this event, the potato was unknown to tho
agriculturists of Saxony.
About tle middfe of tho last century, tho
culture of the potato in Switzerland, which
was begun 1720, has so much increased,
that it constituted the food of two thirds of
tho people. In the present day, it sti'J forms
a leading article cf food among the pcasan-'
try of that country. In Italy, within tho
present century, the cultivation "of the po
tato has teen greatly encouraged ; 'and tho
traveller in tlw city of Naples, for instance,
must, remember tho largo vessels filled with
boiled potatoes, in the public streets', and -tear
tho royal palace itself, from which, at -a
cheap rate, the poor and Iazzaroni can -procure
a,wholcsome meal the supply of
their favorite maccaroni being deficient or
too dear. . - - - :.
Potatoes eaten raw have been found to
be among the best remedies for the scurvy ,
as well as an excellent preventive.