page has errors
The date, title, or page description is wrong
This page has harmful content
This page contains sensitive or offensive material
Click "Submit" to request a review of this page.
0 / 75
. . . . . , " : f . . .
"ASHEVILLE, N. G, OCTOBER 14,' 1842.
WHOLE " NUMBEK 117.
Tts!iTtDSn PUBLISHED WEEKLY
nstwr i poMW Two Pousse yesr,
.l . Tttma TVillan at tlia and kf ih
-, igonuiv mm "" -
Mt. (Sprospoc. . r
;,rtjwmeiJU rower' vmi inn
' a J Km I jmti
linuaiioe. Court Orders wiU be charged
twaaty-five per xlra.
'twehtv doixabs bkwabi
J Tj AN away own me eany m Jury, m
4- I i nerttt bo STEPHEN, hout 11
MM old. well aet and ebookr made, dark
J3 eooiplfxion. bewa good deal of wl)il
lbZtjm, and in attrmptlnjf to apeak facUnea to
lrfthroinPe " " wauij
Iti belkTcd t haa ia bia pour on a
..rrblo amount of waoaer, and baa beea
jhetrdfreqnenUTtoapoakof an laUntiott to rote
!. aa male.' ne naa avn, Bean inn w novo
vWt irccntlT to the naiekbarbood of Jen
kW pld MUl, hi VfaaoeviUe Ui-trieC Tlt
(abate reward will be paid far dab raring the boy to
irae Bfr Varreniwa, or toagmg turn in any jau ae
IiM I can ret aim. -
, 1 nU.aB W1U4AMS, ME
Tarmnea. Sept.3. 184JI. (115. 3ar-J
I 1 PrLICATIOV win be aaade to the nest Ge.
3. ami aeaemUy.of Norm Caraiina, for aa
I AM tocurporatinf Ike Darxlaoa'a BUrer Nana.
DaridKO'a Kivar, inly 83, 1843. Sai'tha 107
Fictorage and Commission Business,
V CXMniESTOJf, 8. V.
IfTIHE nnderaigned would moat rcapeetfully in.
X form hiafriaodaandihe putilio rracraly,
Itat b eontinuaa to transact the
FACTORAGE AND COMMISSION
hike-City f ltr!4ion, S. C.Ofic$ oi
Magvooit Wharf )
Re will aauduonelr anply hi beat exertiona to
woaoto the inlereat of bia patron and from bia
ioiw eipertenea m toe tonon i raoo, ana oy
panpt attention to boaineaa, be bopea to continue
t recti re a librral abare of patronare. Hia com-
nanon for tellinf Cotton ia 50 eenta nrr bale, for
ptciqrt. No (tor are will be charged on tiooda
Rralarly eoiHirned to him. that are to be for.
warded by tba Kail Koad, and eo expenaea incur-
nt or ebarred tnat can poaaiMy be avotdea.
Pmmdi ihippmf eotton to ban from the Interior,
Wtbawarof Hambnrv. can obteaa liberal ad ran
I eoioB it, by applying to Dr. Sto, of tbatpUee.
Aapat 19, 1842. 110
State f lfrtk Cmrelima,
" - BDNCOM BE COONTT. -
COUBT OF PLEAS AND QUARTER 6ES&,
. : Jalj ftm, 1841.
Ter tonal Properly.
J W. G. WoKLET.
r' ippearine; to the aatiafaetinn of the Court,
that the Defendant W. G. Warier, is not an
inhabitant of thia Stole. It ia ordered (hat pub.
pcMieation be made in the Highland Mcsaenrer
fer ait weeka, that the Defendant appear at the
ext Court of Pleaa and Quarter Seeaion, to be
held fjr aaid eountr, at the court house in Ashe.
rifle, an the firat nionday after the fourth monday
a September next, then and there to plead, an.
wer or demur, or Judrment will be Uiken ar cum.
ft i, and the property euodemncd to aatiafy the
Witneaa, N. Haaiison. clerk of oar raid court
tt office, the Brat monday in Jorjr A. TKtMSt;
and the 66th year of American Independence.
K. flAKKJMJN, V. V.V.
JoHrlS, 1842. Pr.ad.t5 50 106.
WILLI AS & ROBERTS
HAVE received an additional aupply of 3-4 and
U BROWN DOMESTICS, i4 OSNA.
SOOkaW COTTON YARN, assorted numbers.
! f" lit Saluhury Jfaawaetory, which they are
t f t tT-ry "i g 1 iif mnw
redweed prices, for cash or merchantable produce.
Tba eommunity are respectfully requested to call
eiamine then- stock and prices.
Aupnt5,1843., " 108
OLLOW.WARE, CASTINGS, WAGON.
Boies, Ate, aW 6
Auinstia, JH43. 109
UTim DISTRICT COUT OF M. CA0LIA.
In Bankruptcy. .
-'jlJOTlCE to ahe cause arainat petition of
' Mn E. BnmehelU. at Rnrke rnnnt v.
be declared a Bankrupt, at Chambers in Fay.
teUf, on Thnraday the firat day of September,
. 'M! K- Frmea, of Borke eomif, farmer, to
w declared a Bsntrnpt, at Chambers m FayeMe.
J1 on Thursday, the firat day of September,
CAarln C. P. Gailitr. f IWk Mmtr. farm.
r t.!) .ecUre a Bankrupt, at Cbaeabers isj
2bS8." nmdm " of :
By order of theCbitft
' HH. POTfTER,
Wy 14, 1848. 80d 109
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA,
i bucon oooarrr.
JiM Beuien. 1841.
YH0S- TCUFtT Original Attachment
3natT,.w' levied n land & debit
JOSEPH HICKS, ,Aawd..tnr5.A.
I na defendant ia hereby notified to be and ap.
r"'" the Joatieea of aaid emmty at the next
fWtobe held for Macon county, at the court
Wue Bl Franklin iMa u- itf j a
r? "ext. then and there to replevy and plead
- :tt L-
Sao!It,in! 1 Property levied on and debts
A . 6 .umtow. I
I i a "ay oriore iih laai monoay
J. K. GRAY, Clerk.
BALE On jdating terma,
J,"!1 WOANr Who good COOK,
"ASaER, and IRONER. . Apply at that affice
From the Northern Advocate. "
A chapter' for the lmpatleai.
VV cau do Um reader no batter aerrico
tbao to present him the following excellent
remark from tlra pen of Dr. . Miner, They
are taken from bia " Addreaa to the Candi.
datea for jDegraea and Licenses, io tbe
Medical institution of Yale College." Few
bate spoken with more mildness or with
more propriety than Dr. Miner, and the
indisputable correctness of his observations
will at once be admitted by all whose ia
tercourse with society has given them the
least ac3uaintnc wiih humao oalure ...If
tbe qualities hero doliocatod are essential
to the reputation of a physician, we can
easily perceive bow mucb more important
they must be to the character of christians.
'" The most important point is to acquire
self-comtnajx4, if waever expect io have
any 'permanent inuuence over otbera. We
muat not 4od our balaoce wheoever we
meet with any trifliocr unpleasant circum
stance. We are never to expect to have
every thing go exactly right in this world.
At least we can make only a distant ap.
proximatioQ to perfection. 1 his is all we
are to expect in others, and certainly it is
II a modest man can expect others to find
in mm. in a certain' sense, as I stud on
another public occasion, 1 consider oar
profession to be kind of missionaries to
cultivate, Improve and reform the world
tor this purpose wo must take tbe world
exactly aa it is. Wo are to endeavor to
palliate the evils which come within our
sphere, not to quarrel with them and be
constantly complaining of them and of our
warn oi corpproe aucces3 w o are aiso
to bear wirbteetedojEu those which we can
not remove. Though we cannot effect
every wing that might be desirable, yet we
ran all ontributo something to the generai
good. Next to self-control, or an almost
imperturbable, eeuantmity,- probably the
most important circumstance in the elm me
ter fur influence is independence and firm
ness. And perhaps no two qualities are
more commonly mistaken and misunder
stood. Independence consists in a man's
thinking for himself 'firmness, in acting
for himself, according to the dictates of
his conscienceT There is a wrong .as well
as a right way or exhibiting both or these
qualities. They ought rarely, if ever, to
be called into operation upon matters of in
difference or mere expediency; and when
they are required they usually have much
moie influence when exercised in a smooth
than iir a rough and forbidding manner. It
is a great error to imagine that a man can
not be independent unless he thinks diffe
rently from tbe great mass of mankind upon
plain and common senso topics, so that he
must be always disputing and taking the
opposite side. lie also mokes the same
mistake as to firmness, by obstinately ad.
hering to matters of little importance.
People of thia description ore generally the I
last to yield to others the liberties they are
constantly taking themselves, and though i
always inclined to dispute, are yet the most j
impatient when their own opinions are con
troverted, even in the most delicate man.
tier. - 1 hey are a kind of noli me vmeert
with which it is difficult to come in contact
without receiving a stjng.. Such a chorac-
ter never succeeds well in any situation.
nd it is most of all unhappy in a profes
" True independence and firmness keep
man stable and consistent, without lead.
ing him into the extreme measures of an
ultra partizan. He adheres steadily to his
own opinions, but does not obtrude them
when they are uncalled for the occasion.
f he happens to bs attacked, he defends him.
tctf wall such prudence ao d
himself apparently into the wrong. It is
not uncommon to defend a good cause witn
bad spirit, so that the original subject ol
contention is entirely lost sight or by the
spectators, who are led to take part against
the man who was originally aggrieved,
merely from his injudicious management
" Above all, whoever means to get along
smoothly with his medical brethren, and
pleasantly with himself and the world must
beware of indulging jealousy and suspicion.
He must shut his ears to tattlers and in.
formers. No piece of unpleasant informa.
tion is ever related with all its attendant
circumstances. In free conversation we
mention occasionally the whims and foibles
of even our best friends. We cannot be
under tbe restraint of a gag-law. Many
things, therefore, thoughtlessly and care
lessly or humorously taid which have little
or no meaning at the time, but if they are
repealed, especially aa they come from the
mouth of la tattler, they wear a different
aspect. A sensitiveness to this kind of in.
formation ia one of tbe moat unfortunate
conditions into which a professional man
can fall. He soon magnifies molehills into
mountains, and becomes a monomaniac, by
believing that every man is against him
who does not speak of him as if he had
arrived at absolute perfection."
If tbe tattler ia a knave, he who listens
to him ! fool.! Indeed, it is often diijji.
cult to say which has the greater guilt
the man who speaks what he should not or
tbe roan' who paya attention to what is thus
spoken. Both evince a morbid condition
f ,L. mmd .njl ll... I. u ..no 1! v nnhftAri
It is estimated that the revenue bill just
passed will eive emnlovment to at least
250,000 persons, and the means of a com.
fortabhs livelihood to about 1 .000,000.
"; Tnm tbe Albany Cultivator.
. 4 State ei the cwsmtry.
A knowledge of the products of the
country, their separate values, the relation
they bear to each other, the number of per
sons a tip loved in each .department of in.
dustry, and the various results arising from
each, would seem requisite to all who would
understand the true condition of the nation,
or of each individval interest We have
given a general report, of the productive
wealth ot the country, so feir as tbe earth
la concerned ; and we now give some ta
blei. most of which' we find Drenared tc
our band by the accurate and indefatigabl
editor of the Tribune, .which will show
more fully than the former tbe relative
values of these several products. With".
out such condensed tables, it is difficult to
approximate to the truth in such matters;
and the interest that makes the most noise,
ov the product that is kept most constantly
before the public eye, ia very apt to assume
a undue importance in the estimate of pro.
ductive industry, or the aggregate of a na
tion e wealth. Labor in some form, either
in the production of the raw material, its
manufacture, or its exchanges, is tbe only
source of wealth : and it is time that this
great truth was universally felt and acknowl
edged. The proceeds of labor in the Uni
ted States, according to the last census,
may be stated as follows t
Agriculture, f 094,452,000
Fisheries, U 06,000
This is truly a surprising product, but
there is no reason to believe it is overrated ;
if enormous, the error most likely lies the
other way. An annual product fro re these
departments of -labor, of thirteen hundred
mutant of dollars, one-half of which be.
longs to agriculture. Suppose we examine
for a moment some of the items of this
aggregate; 91 million bushels of wheat,
387 million bushels of corn. No one can
estimate the valno of these two items at
less than 250 millions of dollars:" Cotton
comes next', io the amount of $64,000,000.
And here we may remark, that in tneesti.
mates made of the product of American
labor, cotton is always placed at the head ;
and why 1 Not because of its actual value,
but because nations are graciously pleased
to permit us at the present time to export
the article ; and hence tbe word cotton is
continually before the eye. One fact will
show that the relative position of cotton in
the scale or value is wrong, t he cotton
crop " is less than one-twtlflh part of l ho
ffriciiftura product ion of the United Slates,
less than one-etxtA part ol the nutnutuclur.
ing products, and less than oke-twkhtieth
part of the annual production of tbe United
States." In actual value to the country,
both wheat and corn are before cotton ; and
this fact ahould not be forgotten by political
economists. : . "
Total of agriculture, 694,000,000
Total of manufactures, 434,000,000
The difference in the estimate of mahu.
faciures io this and the first table given, is
owing to the fact, that tlie product of iron
is placed under the head-of miberrwhen it
ahould, with the exception of the value of
the Qrbavehecn placed to the credit of
manufactures. It may be well in this place
to give a few of the most important items
of manufactures aa shown by the census,
as it wilt afford the meana of comparing
them with those already given of agncul.
Hats and caps,
Iron and castings,
' A glance at our products will show that
we have all the elements of independence
and national prosperity among'ourselves ;
and the fact of our indebtedness to other
nations shows a disgraceful disregard to
the most common principles of economy,
or the encouragement ofj0!!e industry.
With auch vast sgricultural resources, with
such an amount of the products of the soil,
with the means of increasing these pro
ducts to,tiy extent, is it not astonishing
that our imports so much exceed our ex.
ports? Is it not strange that instead of
paying our foreign debts in our own sgri
cultural products, and purchasing foreign
goods in the same way, we allow ourselves
to be drained of the precious metals, our
currency deronped, and our prosperity se
riously endangered ! These things would
be strange, were not the cause one which
cannot be mistaken. It ia useless to deny
that we are hewers of wood and drawers
of water to the manufacturers of other
nations, and made so by their protective
and restrictive systems. Confident in our
caphiTitiea andVouV. resources f we have
pushed our resources, we have pushed our
free trade principles to the verge of absur
dity, if not 6T ruin; we have (bund that
the free trade of tbe old world is like the
handle of a jugall on one aider that
preaching Buch doctrinea i vary different
thing from practicing tbejji) and that some
system of reciprocity must be adopted, or
ins pressure and sunering the country is
mw experiencing most continue, muthat
Americans ask is equality of rights, a re-
ciprucuy, in iraae ; that other would do by
ua as we are doing by them. That such
is not the (act, the following table, showing
the aggregate of duties charged oo. our
principal articles of produce io Great Bri
tain, (and they, are cauallv exorbitant in
other European countries, i will nmv
while at the same time their products, pay.
Ing a July merely nominal, are forced upon
us by ship loads. Such a stale of things
cannot continue. Nations are like indivi.
duats-fhey "are indeed bnlv an ntrfrrpumte
of individuals; atd the same train of causes
that produce the ruin of the one will effect
that of the other.
Duty on Wheat, 100 pr. ct.
auuiaii corn, ., , XUU
Oats, v 300
Barley , rye, and buck.
r wheat, J 200
Beef, ' 150
Cotton, ' -v'5
- i MAM
" . Tobacco, 900
" Timber, average, 250
" Sugar, . 250
" v Fish, prohibited. ' t
" Fruit, average, 100
Toe moment's attention to the facts of
the case will disclose tho real cause of the
distress under which this country is labor.
ing. It is the want of reciprocity; the
widely different footing on which we and
other nations stand jnregard to each other.
The Government may spend years longer
in tinkering with the banks, or regulating
tho currency, but it will do no good. The
evil lies deeper. Tho experience of all
Commercial and agricultural nations proves
tnat no sound currency can bo maintained,
no continued prosperity enjoyed, where the
principle of reciprocity is departed from in
their intercourse. A glance at the duties
imposed on our products by Great Britain,
ill demonstrate that in all these cases she
has approached the verge of prohibition,
with tho single exception of the article of
cotton ; and the reason of her forbearance
fn this respect is evident Cotton she must
have ; nnd at present she can only obtain
it in sufficient quantities from the United
States. Would she receive it at the pre
sent duty, could she produce it in her own
dominions? This is a serious question,
nndone which the course of events ft ra
pidly bringing .to its answer. ; The rapid
increase of India cottons, as shown by the
;mport8 into ureat Britain from that coun
try ; the vigorous and determined efforts of
the Government to extend and perfect the
cotton crop of that region ; ..and the exulta
tion of Die Union press at the evident suc
cess of these efforts, demonstrate what that
answer will be, when the time arrives for
From the Farmers' Cabinet.
metjgrs,,jjaUiior3, ceo ruing io me re
ports from nil parts of our vast country, it
would appear that the crop of wheat, rye,
oats and grass, have been good. The wheat
and rye will probably not prove quite so
heavy as was at one time anticipated ; the
rust having at a late period in the season,
done considerable injury. In some districts
oi niaryiana ana Virginia, tins injury was
very serious. Still the crops above men.
tioiied, throughout the country, will be full
averagn ones, And I know nothing more
thoroughly calculated to revive the droop.
ing aspect of the times," than good crops,
economical habits, and cheerful spirits.
Should the autumn add to the summer's
abundance, and give us a full crop of Indian
corn, that prince of grains and sliould
the cotton and tobacco crops of tlie South
prove also luxuriant, our garners will be
overflowing, and we may liope, that now.
ever the means of many may bo inconve
niently reduced, the prospect of suffering
will be greatly diminished, and we need
have little fear of serration threatening us,
by the side of poverty. The wheat harvest
in England has promised favorably, and
unless a foreign 'market shall pperi exten
sively, the products of our fields must ne
cessarily command low prices. Withabun.
dance in the market, a limited demand, and
withal, a deranged and crippled state of
our mo meg institutions, and money matters
generally, it will of course be more diffi
cult than it has sometimes been, to make
cash sales of our grain, beef, pork, &c.,
that will at all pay the expense of raising
and getting them to market. Wages con
tinue high, notwithstanding; we hear so
much said about the thousands that are
thrown out of employment. We have all,
however, lonir suo observed, that thenrice
labor is slow to fall, though the products
of it may have greatly diminished in value.
What thenl lo be doner With overflow.
hg garners, and all the potentialities of
living, is the farmer to be obliged to hang
his head in cheerlessness ? We must not.
The farmer who is in debt, or who is barely
out of debt, or living, on rented land, and
of bis farm, if be would rise above tbe
perplexities of a city business, must bring
all his wlts iiitd"-plays put on his studying
cap, and practice retrenchment. He must
tuxry eeonomy in tyzrj particular . l know
rom experience, that a system of atth pay.
ments. for all we, boy. is amonir the very
best, and most efficient incentives to this
necessary virtue. The good credit and fair
character or many a farmer, have placed
him upon bis laM legt, and their abuse has
proved bis ruin. 1 don t mean that a farm,
er shall never make us of his crtdil; but
it is so easy to buy what ana, think we need,
when pay day is put off for six months; or
a yoer, that the Temptation to purchase
what we might well do without, ia often.
times so strong, that its Indulgence leads to
the most serious, results. Let us then pay
the casA for what we buy, and we will save
in the purchase, five orienTier cents
shall often avoid buying what we only im
agine wq need, and spare ourselves the
Ttarrassments of unpaid bills tho chagrin
of working for a " dead horse." Our bet.
ter half will examine the old coat and see
triTTrJnV1eapTurnlng we'll make the
old carnage jog along for another year or
two, or three; and when the younkert ask
tor some indulgence they can well do with
out, well put our hand in the pocket, and
finding it mmu, bid them wait awhile.
There are a thousand ways to economize in
our expenditures,- without diminishing the
comioris oi a mraiiy. we snail mua nnu
it convenient to educate our children pro
perly, and to furnish tltem with that foood
for the mind, which really adds to life's
comforts, and gives respectability to their
cr-lling, whatever it may be.
Iet none miatakeme,hnd suppose I would
plead for a false economy, that would save
at the epigit and waste at the bung. Such
for instance, as raising poor stock: when
good might just as easily be had; keeping
on hand miserable tools, that murder the
business and cause more delay in the using
than the difference of price between them
and good ones; or in taking up the idea,
that we can't afford, these hard times, to
take an BgriOTtarrefpaperf-o, noyj-ady
vocnto no such mismanagement; I hold that
good stock and good tools, are cheaper than
poor ones ; and thnt no implement on the
farm, of ten times its cost, will more con
duce to the farmer's interest, than a good
agricultural paperthe Cabinet for instance.
I plead for such a care ia our expenditures,
aa will restrain us within our means a
care that will limit us to the necessaries
and comforts of life, until we can really
afford its luxuries.
A LF. U'NIN'ii f'ABMEB.
From the Albany Cultivator.
Raster Mildew ou Wheat.
From almost every quarter of our coun
try, in the reports ol tho crops which reach
us, we find complaints of the damage which
has been inflicted on wheat the present sea
son by rut Some districts, it is true, have
entirely escaped, but it is certain that the
difficulty has been widely and most injuri
ously tell. I here is scarcely a disease in
cident to our cultivated crops, the origin of
which is involved in greater obscurity than
is that of mildew. Some have attributed it
to honey dew on the plants ; some to the
i nflurnce of particular plants, as the bar-
berry bush I some to irregularand tnios.emjn
pheric agencies.; and some to the attacks of
a species of minute fungi or parasitic plufit.
In the investigation of any subject, it is well
to ascertain what is actually known respect
ing it, as this course may facilitate further
Thus we know that a particular state of
tlie atmosphere invariably precedes an at
tack of rust on wheat. While the weather
remains of a low and equable. temperature,
dry,, or free from excess of moisture, rust
never appears ; and even a high tempera.
lure does fior province it- if the weather -be
f dry. So far as the atmosphere is concern
ed, two things appear necessary to produce
rust ; excess of moisture uud a high tern
in ordinary cases, unhealthy vegetation
The presence of a minute fungi, or para
site on wheat that is mildewed, is also cer-
tain ; the only doubt seems to be, whether
this fungi is the cause of the disease, or on
ly consequent on its presence. This fungi,
(Puccinia gramuus of the books; seems to
form beneath the cuticle of the Hem, and in
its progress to maturity, bursts forth in
longitudinal clusters like grapes, of a dark
color. These are filled with sporules or the
seeds of the fungi, of a bright brick red co
lor, and when they open, give to the stalks,
or to the whole fields, that red sombre hue,
so characteristic of rust . A ver) good
figure of this fungi may be seen at page 120,
of the Cultivator for 1 840.
The state of the atmosphere in those dis
tricts where the disease has been most ex
tensively developed, has been, so far as we
have been able to learn, hot and wet, at
least it has been so immediately preceding
the attack; Thus the wheat of the central
counties of New York, appeared unusually
fine, and the promise of a great crop never
better, until the first week in July, or from
the 5th to the 10th of the month. At that
period, heavy showers alternating with hot
close weather, gave the farmer well ground,
ed fears for the safety, of the wheat crop ;
and the speedy appearance of the rust,
showed that his fears were justifiable. By
the 10th, many fields of wheat exhibited
tbat peculiar dark hue, which at a distance
shows the existence of the evil, and by the
18th or 28tn, the fungi were fully develop
ed,"nnd the sporules of red dust thrown off
that marks tbe attack and progress of this
mildew in these cases was most marked and
offensive. Thia year, as in all others where
rust srevaib. ha attacks are most irregular
and seemingry onaccountablewSoroe fields
will escape, while others at a littlo dlstano
are. almost or quite ruined. So some towns,
or.districts, are scarcely touched . while
those adjoining suffer severely. -This diE.
fere nee in districts may be attributed io the
range of showers varying the quantity 'of
moisture, &c,, but some otlic; causes must
be sought for the variation where farms are ,
adjoining, or peshnps in different fields on
tho same farm. We have seen one part of
a Geld scarcely touched, and the grain fill.,
ing and ripening well, whilo on another
part, it was iM worth harvesting.
We have found no little evidence the pre
sent season to confirm our former impres
sion that the disease is to be traced in the
first place to the softening of tlx cuticle 'of 7
the plants by excess of moisture Bccompat,. K
niea by great heat. All plants in thisstate
become for the limo feeble and debilitated.
The aofleninjr of their surfaces causes them
to break or fall down more easily, and this
dan ere r is increased by the greatly increase -
ed flow of sap which previals under auch
circumstances, lhis is attested by the ra
pid growth of all plants, which have not
had their progress arrested by approaching
maturity. It is at this time, that the mil
dew firs' shows itself in the longitudinal
stria? or grooves of the leaves and stems of
the wheat. The'cuiicle is ruptured, ond
minute bodies resembling at their first op.-
pearance, gum, or s inio clear substance,
are seen exuding or protruding from the
ruptured points. The cuticle ia forced out
wards, dries and forms , those white points
that give the stem of mildewed wheat such
a ragged appearance. This clear substance
soon assumes a darker hue ; the seed vcs.
sels of the fungi become visible, and but a
comparatively few hourselapse before these
vessels are mature, burst and the rod spo
rulea or funni seeds cover ihe crain. .Ia
the meantime, tho roots of the fungi have
penetrated the interior of the stalk de.
rangedthe infnul fresrtAstr4WUid tUe .. ,
flow of the juices, or so changed thetr cha
racter as to render them unable or unfit to
complete the maturing of tlie plant, or the
grain in the ear ; the first remain stationa
ry green and immature; the latter not
receiving the supplies of gluten and starch
necessary to iu perfection, shrinks and is .
worthless. With a Raspail microscope of
50 magnifying power, we have had fre-
quent opportunities of tracing progress of
mildew; and as we think, verifying the
details here riven of its action. , '
In our examinations of mildewed wheat,' . . ,
wo have been led to ask whether the spo. fp
rulea of the fungi, falling on the softened v,
surface of the wheat, were absorbed, or ' v
readily rooted In the pores of the plant ; or , '
whether the -accumulated and - perhnpa
changedjuices, did not rupture the coot, nnd
exudiug from it, become nidus in which Um
floating sporules fixed themselves to multi.
ply and spread ad infinitum. We are not
able to answer this question satisfactorily to
ourselves ; other observers may huve been
more fortunate, or more skilful.
In the present state of our knowledge re.
specting mildew, it will be impossible to
speak very decidedly on the best means ot
wheat on lands abounding in vegetable mat
ter, or which have been manured largely
rwith fresh manure, suffers more than on
lands not so situated or treated, it is right
tolnferthjil o too ra"pid growth' iof ttie wtitut
plant cxposc-4t to attacks from mtluow.
Wheat, too, wlutkb so thick as to preclude
the circulation ofnir, by retaining tho mois
ture on the plants fr a longer period, isin
a conJilion. to facilitate the wifning of the
coat of the plant, and thuaJnyitc attack.
Any cause thatjhould give more finimess
and solidity to thb"cirrHrrgTf the "wheat
plont, Would undoubtedly, so far, act as a
preventive to rust. In nmny coses there
seems to be a want of si'.icious matter to
eive fii miiess to I
ing p0ha, to the character oi the soil, its
native constituents, or the manner ie which
it has been cropped Or manured. In these
cases, Would not ishes, from the potash ihey
contain, produce the soluble silir atcs neces
sary for the use of the plant? Or would
not powdered iilass furnished ns It can De
fer two dollars a barrel, prove an tfibclive
aid on soils deficient in the silicates 1 We
invite the attention of farmers to this sub
ject. It has been lound in bnglund, that
wheat sown in drills is much less liable to
mildew, than that sown broadcast The
reason assigned, is, the greater fat ilities
given for the circulation pf air, and the more
rapid, drying of the plants when wet nun
dew or rain. There is, we think, some
foundation for this opinion, fiom the i ff' ct
we have observed on gruin sown on fur.
row, and harrowed in suc,t a way as par.
tially to produce the effect, of dril' sowing,
the wheat plants mostly standi iKrwhare the
seed fell or rolled, in the furrows.
The Louisville Journal, speaking of the
veto power, says: "In none of Iha West
em States neither in Ohi, Ken'mcky, In-'
diana, Tennessee, Missouri, nor lilioois, is
there any such thing as an Executive veto
that may not be overmlrd by a bare legis
lative maioritv. 1 he tree w t pormii it.
self to be'eursed un DO uc'1 despotic veto
as that, which, unfortunately for the coun
try, finds place in the Constitution of the
Tbo good-old State of north Carolina,
the birth-place of independence, is more
republican st.ill. Her Executive has no
voice in making the law whatever, except
the right to recommend, and that isaxight
which belongs to every citizen.
Idleness trovals ver leisaralv.aad Power ty ssee