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0 / 75
. 1 . ' : ' w. j .',.. - . - . ..,,'... ,., if. . , , , it . ...., '... . , ' - . ... ';. j - -. .-
. " : 1 ' "
Vol. iii. number u
ASHEVILLE, N. C, OCTOBER 21, 1842.
WHOLE NUMBER 118.
FRIXTEH AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY
BY J. li 'CHRISTY & CO,
fsihthers of the X of the Un.led State.
- -aici to potlitlied at Two Douaes a year,
Sfincc-Tiro Dollars and Fifty Cent, in
. IJxaVonths-or. Three Dollar at the end of the
Se prospectus.) " -
'7V 1 .! : .1 Hn. TVJtsr nr antiara
' jootinuancc Court Order will be charged
1 twc"iyfl Ppr csnt extra. ,
;. SELECTED MISCELLANY.
'-The wc,rW with vnrioiM cliarac
tef The good) nnl the worthless alter,
lately agitate lhtusy seerjc, and famish
W with specimens of every virtue which
eta bless, and of every vice which can de
grade human patnre. The hearts of the
chi'drcn of men, if Ktrictly scrutinized, will
be found ,0 contain the seeds of all wick.
eJiic-i; ami detraction U one shoot fro-n
the " bitter rcwK." Tlic highway robber is
tm h greater nuisance to society than the
aalici'Hia backbiter and slanderer. Thnt,
bntUnVd wit:i your purse, uusj -wmic
: i . I... H..,.w.l...l uiEtli .
hit nana may iernups w "
fair shew of friendship, stubs at your char.
Ktcr, and lays your reputation in the dust.
J, a man's property in danger by losses, or
'lay misfortune, or is his credit any way
impaired, lite tattlers immediately blaze it
to the woe U, and by groundless insinuations
tad ill natuicd suggestions, do all in their
nower to ruin him. Does a person step
stride from a strict propriety of conduct,
these wretches cease not to publish and ag.
gravate such errors, and thus seem to fat.
tenon the filiUof scandal. In mixed com.
pinTrcbnroctcrs of the above description
are ensilv known.
While tho excellency of wisdom, the
beauty of virtue or tho peculiar merits of
others, are the suiji!Cts 01 oiscourse, nicy
ait stuptdlv silent. Wisdom reproaches ig.
norance, virtue lashes tltfeir folly, and tlie
merit of others casts a lustre, which only
seem to shew the blackness of their own
hearts. But let tho conversation turn upon
the failings of others, and they will burst
forth in a torrent of tho grossest calumnies,
and the shrugs, noils,. ,aid winks, which
escape tliem, on tho mere mention of a
vJvllen character, plainly 'evince their lovo
Evils aW of luxurious growth. They
spring up in profuse abundance around us,
and wed the most watchful eye to prevent
their choking the growth of every belter
plant. And is detraction ao evil T Then
let nch one, having reformed himself, shun
" the society of tho slanderer," whose lip
vdmppeth renom, and under whose tongue
ii the poison of asps.
Necessity of economy.
- There have been few veara in which the
occesity of economy in tho farmer, and
general prudence in tho management of his
alTiirs. has bucn more apunrent, than the
prent. The low price of produce, and
small dWliiio in tho .price of labor; the
difficulty with which remunerating aalea are
made of animals and farm crops, and the-
..mvr,.- wn-wi -. - - r. I"
I HI 1,1 1 1 f 1 1 nO I ' M ... - - 1
pnipricty of paying particular attention to
bis income and his xpcmliturcs. This is
iwrticularlv the caso. with him who f in
.dependum on tho annual proceed f hi
farm, and bin labor, for support. Tliere
are few classes that the pressure of the
tiroes, the price of produce, or the scarcity
W caMh,miarooly randies. ' ey an?, inijati
wlmjulisist on tho fees of office, or the in
terest of their money. Such do not stand
But it is well for till to remember, that
there is a widu difference between ccono
mv mill iviniiiBitiiv between nrudence and
covetnibmnsii. If rcfurni in exneiiditure is
proper, tlie farmer should see that it falls
oa those thing which are least essential to
lis present or future prosperity. It would
bh fha ht'irkt iif liiltf ti mutifiyiim a svs.
. v ... . j -
em of curtailment eyHlie dispensing with
r any of llie necessary Implements of the
farm; tho want of these,- Would certainly
.1 i i : .1
C'"fl IW HQ UCSIIIB W nvt 1
,Equ.lllyejruncuuajvoidd ha be werehiajemJ
k irencument to fall on auy of those things
jwwrwarj to eoiargo ana intorm we mum,
and thus promoto the ioU-IUffcnce. respect.
ability, and consi-riuent hnnpiness of himself
and family. ' Far better would it bo to dis
penw with a new coat, than with tho means
f Instruction ;to forego tho dainties and
luxuries of tho table, than to starve the
niind. The imnnrinnr nf this noint can-
Wat be too strongly urged on the mind of
Mrmer; or the truth too lorcioty or
' '"Jquemly impressed; thnt economy, or we
'SAmil.l r... r . : I :
- any pnrsimonj, nere,
t rime, and the means of indicting irrepara
ale Injury, i So too, if the farmer concludes
tn kn 1 !. . I . . 1 -.It- I ' .1
.me iiuib ifi ao wiin nis mecnnnica, wmu
Jreeiiires tw product of their skill, and
b able to reward their labor, he is Indirectly
"mJ;Jll!i iacompellinglheni lojoreake
ir wor nencties, or weir, anvus, ana
enmmence farmers, a result which would
have a tendency'directly, by increasing the
i 'iuij ui iiuuute i ill ii ii imm , i
' reduce the prico of his own, and thus in-
j J nunscit. . Itcsides the mechanic cannot
, k dispensed with by the farmer, and the
"at)u ndest "dicta t esof econom v would" de-
maod that be should receive the encourase-
nent and support, his merits sad bis wants
require : or hia services, when most want'
cd, mny not be within reuch or ovuiluble.
If In not In these and similar things, that
economy should be begun ; but let the faint
er, when he ia tempted to purchase any
thing, ask whether it is necessary to po.
sess it; and if lie will further make it a
rule to tnvariubly pay down tor whit he
purchases, he will be astonished at the aid
it will give him In becoming properly eco.
nomictil. Thousands of farmers have been
ruined by having such excellent creditors.
A man's credit is in some respects 4ike his
itemach, neither cau be overloaded or over-
tnsked with safety; and the surest ign
they are in a healthy condition, H wheri
their functions are performed without his
cognizance or attention.
The waTt Winchester.
'Can you tell me the way to Winches.
ter!" asked a traveller of a group of peo.
pio who stood round the steps of a country
store, at tlie foot of the Bluo Ridge-jff tSld
;.!. j- i . ':
V irginiu, iintt uuKKy tnrcnui. '
v Yes " said one " you will go aown
the road about lialf a mile, turn to your
right, then take tho left hand road, and it
will bring you to Burns's Ford, cross the
river, and they will direct you."
" It looks like a storm ahead," said an.
other " you had better take the path along
the foot of the hill it is nearer by a milo.
' Cross over the plantations, said a
third "it is hardly half the distance
when vou cet to the highlands you see yon.
dor, tho town will be in full view, and you
will gel in before night.
And wlKire, asked the traveller, evi.
dentlv not a little perplexed, " and where
dons the great road right ahead of us lead
"Oh! that's the road to Winchester
teufwe (houg1S"yoawanted to go-some
nearer way," was tho' response.
The trovellerjopged on, satisfied wim
the plain old road, and 1 dare say got to
Winchester ns soon, and safe and sound,
as ho would by any of the by.ronds and
short-cuts so kindly recommended to him
for I had the satisfaction, when I travel,
ed it, a few dayVafWwardsto find it one
of the most direct, smooth, and pleasant
roads in all Virginia. '
I wrote down in my Sketch Book at ine
. . . i
time, The way to vvincnesier nu
there it stands to-day, when the comments
I meant to make, or the ir.cidents proposed
to be connected with the sentence, are for.
gotten. But they lead to a train of reflec
lions which we will pursue for a few mo.
Hert are crowds of busy people in the
streets, all travelling, or in pursuit of some
objects Da you ask what it is 7 They arc
seekinir for the tea to Wealth. Consulting
with each oilier iniercnangiog upimuur
and, perhaps, spending in anxious enquir
ies the, time which ought to be occupied in
reaching the object they desire. Lt us
pause among them.
Here is one who had, afinr a good deal
of search, thought ho had found out the
shortest way to wealth by the road oi bpec.
ufatim ! But that road has a great many
branches, and not a single pointer by the
wa unon which vou can depend. Uur
friend started first by the road of the L A-
TfrCSJahdlravellednrrnntil he fiHintfUinr.
. - 1' I
than when he set out. Ho enme back to
the sinning place at last , an older man, with
nn n iIpp piuit. and darker iro8pocis. n
has since, been racking hi brain to find
tome by-way across oiuor peopio b pruji.i. i
ty. Ho has bought stocks, but they just as
nftpn as ruised In his band ; bo made
lwt whenever he ihoutrht ho had got ahead
r n .mr hut he lost oftener than he
KL M1IJ i ' fci r ir.it ii ii i i i ... ,l l i
tlx undertook to buy barsrams ; but
often as not, the seller, instead of the buyer
u.i ihn hirimin. And now he Is almost at
p . .i .
his wits end. Me wouiu Know mo wuy
VV11 ihera it is. the main oiu
way os straight and even as the Winches
ter road. Industry and economy , it the turn
nlbm mri A In Wealth
- Thpm ix another wno nos iaKen u nu
hU hond t wait antil aomebody dies and
A third tfl loukilllT
out for an eligible rettlement in the way of
matrimony, with thechivalrio resolution to
take, for better or worse, tho first bog of
gold he comes to. A lourw is inyeuung
perpetual motion, oraome gimcrackery of
.1... bl.wl ailh umrkla (if WCIillh 10 all hi
U19 Riii" .... - .
visions ; and a fifth is absolutely going to
ride to wealth on a gmwe-quill. Anutnus,
hnaien road, before them,
ti.v turn in tlierisrht and in the left, by the
r..-,l .n.l h the hills, until, between their
.Unrt-piiis and bv.wavs. three fouiths ol
them slip through and arc forgotten by tlie
Rut i 11 torn over a leaf. - Here is a
the more sober, soee. and think
P mt ' 1 J 1 ..... .
,., nm..nfT mrn. i nev acicticu a ucik.1
: d ..- , -.-. ..u: -...
C.W..I .nil mnm sODSIonilui uuiaui ui iiui.
Illlu " . .
suit. They sock the roaa to noppines
yet by as many diUereni routes as me 010
Cl i-iuw. . . .
One conceives that the way to wealth and
if.. i Imnninesa are the same, and
... j ri . f
hi. .n.l mUmka in the pressure ol
llliua - . w- - a ,
.nr tix iilurinir and scorcninz in-
"i"1 ...w c L r-
fluence of avarice as 11 bleats overt ire iw"
A.nlu.. .L H inKnnor. and toiison.ine
ninniiui . t L
.i.wrf tmnular eanrice. until he sinks be.
i "r "'. r . ..' i k .
ljeath his eUons. a victim, ano, "
1 nnlli.r mum at nlMsurfl. and finds in
1 I , ,
mn iK-rti.ive induliFence. the wretched.
ness of disappointment, if not the .horrors
of remorse. .
And yet, as beforer the broad c
certain road to happiness. Is open and easy t
of access to ull. Reason points to it, ox.
pe'ience adds her testimony, and religiou ,
her appeals yet, searching for it in every
path, .travelling every other rond to attain
it. the masses ol mankind turn from the way
of simple virtue, and never reach tho end
to which that pathway lends, and tuatalone.
f Brnrserf Itlaxlms.
BY A MISSIONARY IN BAST ASIA.
Judicious mother will ulway kern in
mind, that they ore the first book rend, and
tho lust one laid aside in every child's libra,
ry. Every look, word, tone und gesture
nay , even d rcf wake a a impression.. ,
Remember that children ure men in mtn.
iature and though they are childish and
should bo allowed to act ns children ; still
all our dealings with lliein should be manly,
though not Hnorose,
Bs always kind and cheerful, in their
presence playful, but never light com
municative, bui never extravagant in state.
nieuts nof vulgar in language orgestures. f
Never trine with u child, or siicak be.
secchingly to it when it is doing an impro
per thing, or when watching an opportunity
to do so.
Always follow commands with a close
nd careful watch until you see that the
child does the thing commanded allowing
no evasion nor modification, unless the child
asks for if, and it U expressly granted.
Never break a promise made to a child,
or if you do, give your reasons, and it in
luult own it, and ask purdon u necessary.
Never trifle with a child feeling when
Correcting a child on suspicion, or with
out understanding the whole matter, is the
way to make hnn hide Ins faults by equivo
cation or a lie to justify or to disregard
you altogether, becuuso he sees you do not
Never reprove children severely in com
pnny, nor make light of their feelings, not
hold them up to ridicule.
Never try to conceal any thing tnaciuiu
knows you have, but by your own conduct
teach him to be frank und manly and open
never hiding thing iu his hand, nor con
cealing himself nor his designs.
Kindness and tenderness ol teeiing to.
ward insects, birds, and the young even of
such animal a should be killed it old ; (ex
cepting poisonous ones,) are to be carefully
Much is said about winning soul to
Christ, but I see nothing in the Bible about
drivinu them. This should be ever kept in
mind in tho management ofchildren. Ev-
ery thing like severity or constraint defeats
the very object iu view. i
Always speak ot the SjDOTM, religion,
and of death, in such a manner us 10 snow
that you oolisider them dosiroble,-on sub.
iects of bannv mjditation, and show by all
you do that the Saboaui una religion are
your greatest delight, and that death is thu
gate toheaven, und that dying is only going
Never speak in an impatient or fretful
manner, by way of accusation or ol liiid-
ing fault, but having these faults in mind,
tell them kindly how the thing in which
they have failed, should have been said or
When a child breaks a gluss or cup, or
does any. other djuwyt)ra Sko) . Ui
y. tiling lyMniyiimn. iuuku
tlm tn!st of what cunnot bo mended, ami
wait until you see how tho child's own mind
ia affected ii view of it, and then givtfrc-
oroof or advico as may seem desira ble
always avoid potuog-the child-iu . aluvkh
Never say to a child, " I don I believe
whnt you say," nor o.xprcsMjoubts If you
have such feelings, kircp your own thought i
and "ft'ltlt whrt' M'Utdirutuvi8;""Truth "i. will
eventually bo plain.
Repeating tlie oaa language, or icuing
the bad conduct of others in tlie hearing of
children, or allowing them to repeal or tell
what they have heard of by the woy of idle
initr ; iirmrpvsinir nn their minds knowl.
edce which the wicked heart turns into -a
v : ... r ii ... .1
sad temptation wtucn may ioiiow nium
All witch stories, and the relation of
things frightful or shocking tocommon feel,
ings, and all extravagance in expression,
should be carefully avoided on the parent's
... i .i. . . l:u
pnrt.und Uisnpprovea in ine cuno.
Never speak evil or suspiciously of your
n;..hh.ra rtpfin-n votir ehi'drfii t and more
esiiecially nevitr speak to lire disparagement
of their companions or pinynwies, nor
low tliem to snenk or write so to you. If
there arc evident defects which llio child
must see, mentionjjicrn by woy ol caution,
as thinus not to lie imitated, and not in such
e . , i m i .. :. If-..
a way as to lead ine cnnu to nimn un
perior. ' "
All compulsions in making a child attend
to such duties, rending or work, ns are pc
ruliarly unpleasant lo it, is a sort of tensing
which nol only sets tho child against the
iu ikir, i,.lf hot nmiinsl vou ton. Such
forcing leads to dissipation of mind, and to
In such cases, pan-nts or guardians may
thsnk themselves' for dull children, and
for all the dislike to the Bible and to vari
ous other books which arc frequcnlly been
not only in youth but in mnnhood. .
Givino- paper to small children toTenr foT
amusemfnt, teaches them to tear books.
Better send chUdren s way a prayer time
rt makrii noiHf. Tho former iav nn evil
. - i f
of absence the latter of thoughtlessness to
themselves and disturbance lootners oi
of which sfio jld eve be avoided at such a
time. ' ' " "
1 haue often been in doubt n1out the man
agemcnt of a child when sick or in fw.ble
heulth. But having seen iu some few eases
tho effects ol indulgence, I uin led to be.
Iieve tout even for the health of the child as
well as for the good of his temper and mor.
ols, a giintlo but even steady government i
ucucr iiiun indulgence
When a child, is angry or in n passion,
never upcuk to him about hi soul, or try4oJ
impress upon him the fear of (Sod. Wait
nottnko uuother oimurtunitv.
Never disappoint the coiitidcnco a child
place in you, whcllier it relates to a thin;
placed in your care or a promise. Faith.
lullyanil promptly fulfill all such promises,
and show that you may confidently be re.
Always give prompt attention to n child
when hesiieuks, sons to prevent repented
ealls, nd that lie moygivM prompt alien.
nuii "iii-ii jrou t;un iiiuj, . ftjiiiier gniiiir ir
di:iiy him, or show him that his nxinark or
requests aro improper or untimely. I he
child wno call mama ! mama! mama:
without attention, will give no ultcntion
At table, n child shnulj ho taught to sit
up and behave in nT mannerly manner, not
allowed to leave his chair or take food with
out asking, or to taste when denied. The
bare expression of a parent's wish ut such n
time should-be law, from which no nppu.1
should po made;
Social intercourse We should wnke
it a principle to extend the hand of fellow,
ship to every iiiun who discharges faithfully
Id i duties, and maintains g.iwd order who
manifests a di-ep interest in the welfare of
general society whose deportment is up.
riilit,nnd whose mind is intelligent, with-
oiitstoppingtoiiHCcrtniiiulieiher he swing
a hammer or draw a thread. 1 here h
TKJthfng-so distnrir from nH nnhrrnl ruht-anH
natural claim, us the reluctant, the back
ward fcympathy tho forced smile thu
checked conversation the hesitating com
pliance -the well-ofTnru too apt :o manifest
to those a little down: with whom in com
parison of intellect and principles of virtue,
they frequently sink in insignificuncc.
A Dutch scene Tho following scene
recently occurred in one of our courts of
justice, between tho Juilj;o and a dutch
witness all the wny from Rotterdam:
Jtulge. " What' your nntivo language
Witness. ' I pe no native; I'so a Dooch.
Judge. " What is your mother tongue?"
Witness. Fadirr say she lie all tia)iguc.
Judge -in an irritable tone) whnt lan
guage did you first learn I what language
did vou speak in the cradle?
Witness I lid not speak no lansuoge
in tho cradlo ut all, I only cried in Dutch
Then there was n general laughter in
which the judge, jury, and audience joined.
The witness was intcrogntcd no farther
about his native language.
A woman's keasjn. A woman's rea
sons are said lo be three : they un; past
nresent. and 10 come, and are as follows:
" Because Tilid" " Because I will" and
" Becuuso I should like. llio Inst it is
impossible to get over; thu second is nl
most a hopeless case; atulu man must bo
iCTiiuclilJetiflfn'traii Inr ti" rfti mmrTjW
jectVo the iihlrd. Jri-u;nthewny.iirwhk4t
they bring these reasons lo bear ts every
llnnii. A man would knit his hrow suri'lily
and say, iu a deep repulsive Voice, if he did
. i'l .1 f . . al..
noL.HKjiio nisi interrogaiiou, oec .osei tfna r. ,)uviK the noMcssjon
Ididf" tiot so wnli a woman ;s1iirwou!on0-iie a,roe-TiVeTottrnoK' ivwro7parn
put on one of her sweetest smiles und say,
" Why, my deur, because I did; and you
know, my love, that's a woman's reason liir
every lliuiir. . . t o llio .leeimn, u man wuuiil
reply, "Because I will : and if I don I
why," and ho would bo within a shade of
swearing. But a woman would shake her
pretty head, ii rid say," Becuusc I will ;nnd
you know my, my darling, when I say a
thing I always do it; nnd I never do other,
wise than please you; do I my love?" As
lo tho third, it does every thing ; for who
can refuse them " what they like." True
enough, it has brought many a man to the
gallows ; yet who ever could grumble at
so t rifling a trial ; ti thing that can but hap.
pen onco in a man's life, when il shows his
attachment to the sex?
The following is un extinct from a late
unpublished English work on America :
"Levees tins bluffs on American fivers,
whore the rIuvcs eoiigr gate lo dance their
aboriginal dances; ul 'which great qitunti.
ties of wuterimelons aro drank. Paw.
paws, a 'species ol a large cherry, is used on
the Mississippi to feed an animal called Iloo
sier, nnd the same river ubouods with an
odd fish called sitdter. Il is great spirt iu
a town there culled Kentucky, to shoot ul
the corn-crackers, a species of birds ihot
infest the houses. The country, on the
whole, is well worth a visit ; but we advise
a traveller to curry a life-preserver; for
when the 6teamhonis on the rivers arc hea
vily loaded, and after the pissengeis have
paid their fare, they opt n their boiler and
blow some of the passengers overboard, lo
mnke room for those they expect to gci at
tho next landing." -, --.'.. .
The Picayune tells a story of nn old horse
so far eono that ho was not able ta die.
He used to lean on Ihe sunny side of "the
born, without strength enough to wink the
flics off front his cytlids.ond his owner was
(irially compelled ,tp-geta northern horse to
help the poor animal draw his last breath. I
LAWS OF THE U. STATES.
Patted at the tecondStuion tftke 37A Congrttt.
Public No. 70
AN ACT U provide for the scltlcmcnt of cfrtuin
accounts fur the support of Government in' (he
Territory of Wiveonnin, and for oilier purpose.
Br it etiatttd hu the Semite and Houte of Kenre.
tentatitet of the United Slalet of America in Cos.
greet tetembled. Taut the proper accounting ol.
hcrra of the Troaaury lA'purlmont bo airectud to
audit and tellle tho ancountu fur ill opcnwi of
tho Legialutive Assembly 'if tho Territory of Wii.
consin, including Die printing of the laws and
otliiT incidental expcneii which have not hi. rrto-
foro been cliwcd and aotlled at the 1 rcasury De.
partmcnt ! but no ullowiinco alintt bo made for
extra cnnipnnmtion to any member of tue Legii.
kilive Aaivinbly of said 1 crritnry for extra wr
vicrs, rxcrpt to the prcsidinsf officer of the two
Hnuaceof mid Assembly nor for extra comprnsa.
lion to tho Secretary of aaid Territory, nor to the
Clerk of either II.mmo of uid Leiriiilulive autem-
bty for tho performance of uutiua required by low,
nor for any other purpose; not nuihorixeil by the
etcventh section of thu act of Congnw, approved
April twenty, eighteen hondred and tliirty.six,
eniiiled " An net estiiblisliintf tho Territnrial Go.
vcminent of Wiiconnin and the incidental ex
pense Ihrreiii authorized shall be construed lobe
ordinary und neccssnry exponnrs of the sessions of
aid L 'uislHtive Awembly, and no other.
Sec. 2. And btitfurthr taacleit. That all ac.
counts for dishursemeiila in the Ti rritnru a of tho
United States, of money appropriated by Congrem
for the support of tho Government therein, slinll
be settled and ndinstcd at tho Treusurr D.-niirt-
menl ; and no act, resolution, or order of the
L-eislulure of anv Territory, directing tho ex
pendilurc of the sum, shall bj deemed a sutTieient
authority for such dmhurment, hut sufficient mi
thsrity vonehes und proof fur the same shall tie re.
auired liTsnidaccomitinsrolHners. Andiiopnymciit
khall he made or allowed, unless the Secretary of
llio t reasury ahull have estimated therefor, and
the object been approved liv Conirrcas. No scs.
sinn of Legislature of a Territory shall be held
until the appropropriution for its expense shall
have been made. In the adjustment ol sum ue
coonta no charge for the services ol a greater
number of office ittTund attcudunts shall than fur
nne.arnrelurx.nndl assistant secretary or cjrrk, ono
scrgcant-iii-iirms or doorkeeper, ono messenger.
and ono foreman for cunh House of tho Jjgisla
ture lo neither nf whom shall a greuter coinpon.
satinn than three dollars per day be paid. And it
shall be the duty of ten Secretary of each Trri
lory to prepare the acts passed by the Legislature
ror publication, ana to i-irnisu a copy uiercui iu
the public printer of the ;Vycr'rHory within ten dayi
after t,he passu ifosolP i ach act; '
Sec. 3. Ana be iryuriher enacita, inai wnui.
ever sum of monev shaiLbe found due, upon such
uditing and sctilement, neyond the amount of
former appropriations, whctUtsthe saroo have
been expended r not, be puid ouVf any money
in the Treasury not otherwise approyriated.
Sec. 4. And be tt farther enacted, I Iral snid
siulitinir (ifllcera of the Treasury be directril lo
audit and settle the accounts for expenses of tli
U'gislativo Asscmbl. of thclorntory or rlonda,
not heretofore audited and settled, in the snm
manner and nnon the same principles herein pre
scribed for the settlement ot Uio accounts of the
Ttrritnrv of Wisconsin : and whatever sum of
nunc hull lie inuiwl due. unon suen auuuinir, u
paid out of any muncy'in tlie Treasury not other,
Approved, August 20, 1813
f Public No. 71.
AN ACT snprl mentury lo "An net to provide
for the adjustment of title to land in the town
' of Detroit, und Territory of Michigan, und for
othur purpose,-' passed April Iwenty-niiic, eigh.
leen liundrad und six.
Be it enacted hn the Senate and limit of Re.
pre.eentativti of the United States nf America in
C'gr aeeemhied. That the mayor,- recorder,
and aldermen; of the city of Detroit, in the State
of .Michigan, be, und tlley, or a quuriun of tliem
in council assembled, arc hereby authorized tu
hear, exuminc and finally niljust, all cluim under
the act lo which this issiipplementarv, uiainst the
gavuwiaiMBnijtMlge nf frfal3Vt4tt
gun, ima TcccircTtrt xne reoweyst er twi tw.
. . . - 't: "il. ; .1 ....J ,ii(l(vi..
pMpcrty-to"v.-fiTeli the said govpj-nor and judges
wcro entitled under mud act.
Bee. 2. And be it further enacted,. Ti Uic snid
mayor, recorder, anil aldermen of the said cit y of
Detroit, be, and they arc Hereby eniiucu in receive
hooks of tho Governor und judges of the late
Territory of Michigan, aclinir as n land baurd,
under tho net of April twenty.firsf, one thousand
eight hundred nnd six, to which this is a supple.
men I in4 llmt all1 nw
nl wpm1 ciiiuii i
Ihe said net in the suid Governor anil judges, for
Ihe purpoxes therein meiTttoned, are hereby Iran,
ferred and vested in the innvor, recorder, and ul-
derinen of the city of Detr.iit, in the Slate of
Michigan. And tho said mayor, recorder, and
alderman, nrn hereby authorized to institute pro
ceedings ut law or in equity, in nnv court of coin
petent jurisdiction, in all cases win ro it maybe
necessary to carry into effect the purposes of this
ejec. 3. And he it further enacted. That any
land or other property, real or personal, remaining,
except the court-house and jail erected under the
actio which this is a supplement, after suti-Tying
all just claims provided for in the first section ot
he act lo which this is a supplement is hereby
vested in the said mayor, recorder, and aldermen
of the eitv of Detroit,' to be disposed of by them
at their discietion to the besst advantage ; ami
they nro hereby authorized rn make deeds lo pur
chasers thereof, or other sufficient convcyacces ;
and the proceeds of the land or other property cf.
fects or claims so disposed of, and of other riehts
and claims nf Ihe slid Governor and judges, shall,
after Ihe payment of ull necessary expense ineinv
red in givinir fleet to raid uct nnd to this act. and
in the adoption of such measures n they may
deem neccFuury for preserving in proper forms the
tho record anil other evidences of the proceed
of said Governor and judges, lie opplicd by the
spid inavor, recorder, and alderman to such oli
ject or objects nf public improvem-nt in said city
as the said mayor, recorder, and alderman may in
d.nncil direct. And the suid mayor, recorder,
and aldermen are hereby required totuke un oath
or affirmution for the fuiMilul dischurge of their
niitie under this net, and make a report to Con.
rreVs, in writing, of ll!ci3proce.cdinirs, on or be.
fore Ihe first day of January, one thousand eight
hundred and forty-four.
Approved, august ., ieu.
AN ACT to provide ftrthc payment to the State.
at Loni'mna of the balance due mid State for
exnenditurea incurred in raisimr. equ ninz and
ravins' off a rrsHmcnt of volunteer militia, nius
-tcred intu the service of the United Stati s, and
employed in the Florida war in the rear cne
I " thousand eight hundred and thirty-six.
Re it enacted hu ihe Senate and Hoof of Re
presentative! tf the United Statet of Amenca in
Cangrett ottemUedJ That the sum of sixty-o-ne
thousand three hundred and seventy-eight dol.
hrs and fifteen cents, beand the said sum a here;
by, appropriated, to pay the ba'ance ilniKhc State
of Louisiana for exienditurcs incurrcdjn raising,
equipping, and paying oS' a regiment of Volun.
tver militia, employed in the service ef tlie United
Slates in the Seminole war.
Approved, August 29, 1642.
IPdbl C No. fiO. 1
AN ACT to autnorize the St ilea of Indiana and
IllinniB In ttflp.. nerm:n nllnnflties nf limit. In
T 1 inn f libo .ii.nl ili-o li.h.lnr..r.i .Mnlnil In ihtt
""said States lor the construction of the Wabash
and Eric ami tlio I lino sand Michigan cannls.
Be it enacted by thf Senate and Home of Re.
preunlatneiof the United Slalet of Am riea in
Congrea aieemhled, Thut there ba vested in tho
State of Indiana tu eiity.fniir thousand nvo hun.
deed and nineteen acres and fourteen hundredths
of an aero ol lund, to be selected under the att.
thority of the Governor of the n. id State, from "
any of the unsold public lands therein, n it sub
ject to the right of rj.ernption, us ah equivalent
fur certain lands covered by Indian reserva'ions
n the lands acquired by t real us uitn the M ami
Indians, in the years eighteen hundred and thirty-
seven and cightern humhxd and thirty.nine, fe 7
speclivelyr and which had said rcserviiffui.o not
been permitted or uilnwed, would Uavo lielonged
lo mud Stutu in virtue of tin: net of the second
March, eighteen hundred nnd twentv-acven, cnti.
lied "Anon act , to grunt a certain quantity of
land ti ti e State of Indiana, for the pafiose of
aiding suid Slate in niening a canal to c nncet
th i n u'ers of the Wabash rivef with those of
Sic. 2. Andheitfuifierenncteil, Thnllhe Go.
vcrnor of Uiu Sluta of Illinois is hereby autho.
rixedjo eaue lo be selected, from any nf the un.
sold public land in ll at Slule not fnbj et lo tha
right of pre-emption, the ,U nttjl of liix thuu.
sand seven huiidr d and sixty act i, in lien ef
seiions numbired lliree und nine, in towr.'ii
'Ii rty.two, north of runge three rast i seclimi
th rlicn and twenty-one, In township tlijity four',"
north of range six cnsl ; s cMom lwrntyJ,- anrt"
tiiity.three, north of tango eleven eusf, and
sections thirteen, nineteen, and tweniy-anc, in
tawnship thirly.tliree, north of range eit, ea t
oi 'tie i.'iira prineipui meriuinn, n 'reioiore seiecti l
by tin said States under "An uct to grunt u quun
tilvof land to the State of Illmi.i-. fur (lie nuroone of
uidine in opening a en mil to connect the waters of
Uiu Id n-i s river wi!h tlmsj ot lahe .Michigan,"
but which had been sold unci patented to inilivid.
uuls byJlie . United, SlutesJ)i:fiife tliojosatipn Jby
ll;c s lid S a'e had been approved.
Ave. 3. And he it imVier enacted, I hat these.
lections of lands m ide under this act fIi.iII be re.
ported by the ti.iverno R of the said raid States
rcfp.ctively, to the Seeretnrv of the Treasury,
and approved by the President of the United
Approved, August 20, 13 12.
PtJBLlC No. 74
AN ACT to define und eh'iil.lihh tin; fiscal year of
the TreiiHiiry of the United Slate.
Be- it enacted by the Senate and House of lie.
presentaticee of the United Slate of America in
Congrcti attembled, Tliut oa nnd uf'cr the first
day of July, in the ycarof our Lard ihtoen hun..
red and lorty-tlirce, the Bsetit year of llio I reusu. (-
ttie United Mates, in ajt mutters of accounts.
reeeml--, exiieiidiiurcs esttmates and upiironiia.
lions, sThiil comm. 'nee On tho. first day of July in
each yeur :"nrul the report and cs'imutes required
to be prcpareas4ul 4ui(i before Congress ut tlie
commencement ofcach sesniiin by tlie Secretary
of tho I rcuMiry in obctljencc to I hu unls of Con
grcss of the second nf September, seventeen hun
dred und eiglity-ninc uiid of Wjiv tenth, eighteen
hundred, shall be u report and VMriqates U.r each
fiscul year coiiiiiieneini; as uforesaiii Titnd termina
ting on the thirtluth day of June iu the. succeed.
in? calendar ye:ir.'
Sjc 2. And be it fu t'ter enacted, That it shot
bo the duty of the Secretary of tlie Treusury to
mi! ni t to Congrets ut ti c ennine nerne'lit of tho
next nei-rtii.n his unniinl report itpnti '. e t'ute of
Jie linunces und eslimuteH of appropriation re.
quired liir the support nl the (.oe. rnin it fir tho
liu'f cu'ci.ider year endinsf on tin: thirtieth duy of
J un I In n next; and separate and iIikI nr t e-li.
miit'sfcr tho fiscal year ending nn tlie t iir'.ietii
da)s,tif Ju ae, eighteen hundred und f rty.f"iir ;
und estimali s of receipts fur suid M'riods respec-
lively ; uud the style utid title nl nil uet making
r ii'iii "linTr'r
r be us tattrm r tirwit r " An net niuktng appniprtar
1. . . ,. -.ill
tions (lute insitrt Ihe olnuet) l irllic year endiiig
June lliirtielh, (here iiiccil the eu'etuiur year )
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted. That the nC
cnunts of receipts und expenditures, required by
law lo bp published annually, s Kill, on und hf ir
Ibalinily ojUUrtglttejai UunAvui anil furt y-
ihri e, bejiri'pureiTuiIXfiuliTKlied for the fiscul year
as hereby etUWu-JiCtjhi-Jind the suid accounts for
tho half calendar rear ending Juno tliirtielh.cigh.
tecen hundred and lorty.tlint, ahull bo preptirtd
and publia eilus riftu ri d hy law, sepuriile and ni:'
tiaet : aim un .'tin pari oi iuu inconsistent
wilh the provisions of tins ant ure hereby repeuled.
Sec. 4. And be itfu-ther ena-trd, Ti.at the f.
nual statements of II12 conjin reo nnd navigation
of thu (Jailed States, reqtfhVd by luw to bo siih.
mil'C'l to Conirrcss, oil t ir,,fjrst .Monday ef D .
eember annuully, shall be pr par d und published
for each fiscul yeur us hereby established ; and the
said statements for the lust quarter of the present
calendar yeur, and the two first quarters of thu
yeur eighleeii.liuiidred and furty-threc, ending on
the thirtieth of June, eiglileen hundred und liiity
three, shall be prewired und published, agreeably
to tho provisions of luw, tcs rule und distinct.
Aiqiroved, August !2G, 1S42.
V Pnni.)c-No. 75 J ,
AN ACTticsiiihlish a District Court nf the United
Slate in the eity of VVJiccling, in tlio State of
Be it enwtrd by the Senate and Howie of Re.
prctcntalites of the United States of America In
'Joitgreu aseemhled, Thul one annual term of tho
district court of the I'niled States, for the western,
di.ttiiet nl Vtrgitrii, be liolden in the city of Wheel
ing on the US h-iluv or Aii';tit.
Approved, Augusl',26,lS 13.
Public Nr. 70 J
AN ACT to rvgti'uto Ihe pay of Pursers and other
Officers of the Niivv. j ,
Be it enacted hu the Sra'c and Haute of Rrpr'e.
lentatwesof the United Slates nf America in Van.
grets assembled, Thnt oil purchases nf clothing,
Kroceries, stores, and supplies of every description,
for the ine of the navy, ai well at vessels iu ci.111
inission, as for yards and stations, s'mll b- mado
with and out of any moneys r . r uted for tho
su'port ol" the navy, under sueli dir ctions und
regu'ations as may be mude by ihe Executive for
that purpose; and it thull not be luwfid for pur
S3!?, orolher ollieers, or persons holding eoinmi'.
i in orcmployment in the nuvu.l serv c ',to rocmo
s'oresorany olhcr artiel s or stipplies for, and
dispose thereof, to thc,offioers or to tin crew, du-
riug the period of thu. cnlistmont, on or for- their -
inn account r benefit ; nor sliull uny profit or
per eentnire'upon stores or sun, lie be iharsed to
or receiyt i fnimpersotia in the naval serv ice, other
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, Thut it shall
be the duty of the Executive to provide such rules
uni regulations for the purchase, preservation,
and disposition of all articles, stores, and supplies
fur person in the navy, as may be nuorseary 4Ur