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0 / 75
VOL. III. NUMBER 23.
ASHEVILLE, N. C., DECEMBER 30, 1812:
WHOLE NUMBER 127.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY
BY J. n CHRISTY & CO,
Publisher of the Law of the United State,
Xhi paper published at Two Dollar a year,
in advance Two Dollars and Fifty Cent in
aii month or, Three Dollars at the end of the
ear. (Srt prospectus.)
Advertisements inserted at On Dollar per square
for the first, and Twenty-Five Cents for each
continuance. Court Order will be charged
twenty-hve per eont. extra.
Iiabelle and her lister Kate and
BY HAEE1ET BEECUEB STOWB.
Mistukes and misunderstandings are not
such bad things after all, at least not always
so; circumstances alter cases.
I remember a case in point. ; Every body
in the country admired Isabella Edmonds,
and in truth she was an admirable creature,
just made for admiration and sonnctteering,
and lulling in love with, and accordingly all
the county of - was in love with her.
The columns of every Argus, and Herald,
and Sentinel, and Gazette, and Spectator,
and all manner of newspapers,' aboundud
with effusions, supplicatory and decUrufory,
of her worshipier9 ; in short, Miss Isa.
belle was the object of all the spare' ideali
ty' of all the region round about. Now I
shall not inform my respected readers how
she looked, you may just think of a Venus,
Psyche, a Madonna, a fairy, anangoi
&c, und you will have a very definite idea
on the point. I must run on with my story.
Inm not about to choose this angel for my
heroine, because sho is too handsome, and
too much like other heroines for my pur
pose. But Miss Ibesalle hud a sister, and I
think I shall take her. -' Little Knte for
she was ulways spoken of in the diminutive,
was some years younger limn her sister,
nnd somewhat shorter in stature. Sho hud
no pretensions to beauty nono at all ; yet
there was1 a certain something, n certain
inslrort, sir, she looked very much like Miss
A. or Miss G. whom you admire so much,
though you always declare she is not hand,
It requires a very peculiar talent to be
overlooked with a good grace, and in this
talent Miss Kale excelled ; slie was as pla.
cid and as happy by the side of Tier brilliant
sister, as any littlo contented star, that for
ngfa has twinkled on, unnoticed and almost
eclipsed, by the side of, the peerless moon.
Indeed, the only art or science in which
Kate ever mado any gruai proficiency., wu
the art and science of being happy, and in
this she so excelled, that one could scarcely
be in her company halt an hour without
" feeling unaccountably comfortable them
She had a world of sprtahlliucss', a dea
of simplicity and affection, with a dash of
"good natured shrewdness, that alter an,
kept you more in awe, than you would ever
suppose vou could bo kept, by such u rnur.
rv. pood natured little body. Not one of
Isabella's adorers over looked at her with
such devout ai'mi ration as did the laughter.
loving Kate No one was so ready to run,
wait und lend to bo up stairs and down
stairs, and every where in co-tninutes,
when Isabelle was dressing for cooqueBt.-
In short, sho was, as the dedications of
hooks sometimes set forth, her ladyship's
most obedient, most devoted servant. . .
But if I am going to tell you my story,
I must not keep you all night looking at
pictures; so now to my tale, which I shall
corhmence in manner and form the follow,
It came to pass that a certain college va
letudinarian and a far off cousin of the two
sisters, came down to pass a few months of
his free ngencv at their futlter f : and, as
aforesaid, he hud
carried oil the firMcolIe
giajo honorTbsTdoTTTro hettrts-ofliibeLicjavetolho roof of his mouth, and ho apT
ladies in the front gallery at the commence
So interesting ! so poetic ! such fine eyes,'
and all that was the reputation he left among
the gentler sex But alas, poor Ed ward,
what did all this advantage him, so long as
Tie was afflicted with that unutterable, inde
scribablc malady , commonly rendered bash,
fulness, a worse nullifier -than any ever
heard of in Carolina. Should you see him
in company, you would really suppose him
ashamed of his remarkably hundsome per
son, and cultivated mind. When he began
to speak, you felt tempted 46 throw open
-' the window and offer him a smelling bottle,
hajnado auduLdjstressing a flu ir of it, and
as to speaking to a lady, lhnrngWuTWrt
to bo thought of. '
Wherrtnte heard that this " rara atii"
was coming to her father's, she was unac
countably interested to see him, of course
-"because ho was her cousin, and because
a dozen other lliings too numerous to
He came, and waj for ono or two days
an object of commiseration as well as admi
ral ion u the whole family circle. " After a
while, however, he grew quite domestic ;
entered the room straight forward, instead
of stealing in side-ways, talked off whole
sentences without stopping looking Miss
IsaUlle full in the face without blushing
even tried his skill at sketching patterns,
and winding silk read poetry and played
the flute with the ladies romped and fro
licked with the children, and in short, as
old John observed, was as merry as a
psalm book from morning to night
Divers reports began to spread abroad
in the neighborhood, and great confusion
existed in the camp of Miss Isabella's ad
mirers. It was stated with great precision,
how many times tltey had ridden walked
tamea together-fand even all they had
said id short the whole neighborhood whs
lull ot . x :. ": : . : .,
; " That strange knowledge that doll) como
We know not how, we know not where.
; As for Katc.'shq always cave all adrni
rers to her sistercs officio ; bp she thought
' that of oil the mes she" had ever seen she
should like cousin Edward beat for a bro.
ther,, and sho did hope Isnbelle would like
him as much as she did, and for some ren
son or other, her speculations wereTremark
abfy drawn to this point, find yet, for Borne
reason or other, she leltas n she could not
ask any questions about it. . ' , j
At last events appeared to draw towardi
a crisis. Edward became more and rh'ore
'brown studious' every day ,; and ho and
Isabelle had divers sontarr walks and con;
lobulations, from wjrich they returned with
a peculiar solemnity of countenance. More,
over the quick sighted little Kate noticed
that when hd ward was with herself he
seemed to talk. iis though he talked not,
when with Isabelle be was all animation and
Interest ; that be was constantly falling into
trances and reveries, and broke on the
thread of conversation -abruptly, and',; in
short, had evdry nppcarance of a .person
who would bo glad to any something, if be
only knew howi" . ;l
So,' said Kate to herself, they neither
of them snenk to me on the subject
should think they might. JJcllo I should
think would, and Edward knows I am
good friend of his; I kn6w he is thinking
of itll tlie timoJia migliLas welljejljno
and he shall.' -
The next morning Miss Kate was sitting
tn the little back parlor. Isabelle was gone
out shopping, and Edward was she did
not know where. Oh, no, here he is, com.
ing book in hand, into the self same little
room; 'now for it, sail the merry girl
mentally ; I'll make a charge at him.'
She looked up, Master Edwurd was sitting
on the sofa, twirling the leaves of his bok
an unscholar-like manner; he looked
out of the window and then walked up to
the sideboard and poured but three tumblers
of water; then he drew o chair an to the
work table and took up first one ball of
cotton, looked it alt over, and laid it dowu
again, then another, then he took up the
scissors and minced up two or three little
bits of paper, and then ho began to pull the
needles out ol the needle-book, and put
them back again. ' ,
'Do you wish for somo sewing, sir?'
said the young lady after having very com
oosedlv suoerintended these onerations.
' Mow rnVrri, wbiitr sffiif lie, starting'
and upsetting the box, stand and all, upon
- Now, cousin, I'll thank you to pick up
that cotton,' snid Kate, as the confused col
legiun stood staring at lho cotton balls roll
ing in divers 'directions." It takes some
timo to pick up the things in a lady's work
box, but nt last peace was restored, and
with it came a long pause. -
.' Well, cousin,' said Kato in about ten
minutes, ' if you can't speak I can ; you
have something to tell me, you know you
' Well I know I have,' said the scholar,
in a tone of hearty vexation.
' There is no need of being so fierce
about it,' said the mischievous maiden.
Nor entangling my silk, and picking out
all my needles, and upsetting my work box
as preparatory ceremonies.'
There is never any need of being a fool ,
Kate, but I am vexed that I cannot say
(a long pause.)
Well, sir, you have displayed a reason
able fluency so far ; don't you feel as though
you c6uld finish? Don't be alarmed; I
should like of all things to be your-confi-dante.'
But Edward did not finish his tongue
peared to bo going into conruisfonsj-"
Well, I must finish for you, I suppose,'
snid the young lady ; ' the short of the mat.
ter is, Master Edward, you are in love,
and have exhibited the phenomena thereof
this fortnight. Now" you know1 I nm a
friendly little body, so do be tractable and
tell me the rest. Have you said anything
to her about it 7' '
,To her to whom ?' said Edward start-
ing. " 1
Why, Isabelle to bo surer-it's she,
"' No, Miss Catharine, it's Yotr !' said the
scholnrr who, like most bashful . persons,
could-bu amazing explicit when be spoke
Poor little Kate! it was her turn to look
at the cotton balls, and to exhibit symptoms
of scarlet fever, and but that's no con
cern of mine.
: i .
Tws Elcnuxt and th TuastiKc Gti.
Yesterday se'nnight, as Mr. Van -Am. burg's ele
phant waa going to Willinington, ready for next
day's performance, on coining to the turnpike
gate, which was shut, the gate man refused to
open the" gate unless th conductor paid extra toll,
whichj he refusing to do, went through the side'
wicket, saying tn the elephant, "Jack I must go
without yoa." But it was not to be so ; for Ja-.k
would be as good as hi maste r; so, without any
ceremony. Jack applied his proboscis to the gate
and just eased itself of the hindrance by prostra
ting the gate in the road, to the no small amme.
mcnt of the gate keeper. We underatund there
wa nine injury done to the" gate, the expense of
which the keeper cheerfully paid. SabpiaN '.
Y.) Jou .
If we understand the terms used by the Loco
foco papers, there has been a battle between coons
and ground hogs, in. which the latter would have
been beaten, but for the feet that the polecats
came to their hid at the last moment, and so the
former suffered temporary defea't. V. S. O x.
... ...... ' - . ' v
,. : , from the New York Obaonrer. ;., j
How to have a good minister..
Somewhere lately, I hare see this question s
" How to have a good , minister ( how to make
yours a good one ; or U good, now to make aim
better." In reply to it I would aay ;
.1. erav fat Aim. " Brethren," aava the apoatle,
" pray for us." -And if wishes were audible, such
yoa would find is the earnest, the almost agonis
tnjr wish of tle heart of every minister to his peo
ple. Prav. then, for your minister. ' Ho needs
Tour oratere. His labors; responsibilities, anxie
ties, and perhaps his trials are great, and all fur
you. tie is sol io proclaim txisi wuui nnu nv
needs your prayer, that be, may do it successfully.
With Paul he may say; "Pray for Us, that the
word of the Lord may have free eourse and be
J-terified.1 ' Besides, he praya for you yos, and
or vour families and children, and .often wHh
deep .feeling, and perhaps wjth gushing tears, and
therefore you should pray for him. ' fray for hint,
and vou will love him.- Pray for Voir enemy
even," saya an old proverb, " and you will soon
love him." Mucn mors it. you pray or your min
ister your best friend you will love him. Yon
will hoar him loo with interest, and hold him. in
high esteem, and be blessed by his ministry. 1 -
II, never tpta m nu jauu. aianus io
you in a most sacred tenner relation, somewnsi
like that of a parent to the child, or the wife to
tli hiuhand. And whnt would vou think of the
husband or the child that should be found speak
ing to others of the faults of his or parent 7
What would you think of hia honor, his manli
ness, his obedience to good ? From your inmost
soul yon would loathe and despisti '"ini.and justly
too. And so with you, if ybij speak evil of your
minister. Besides, Uod by hi apostle tells you
to "lDow them that labor among you, and are
over you in the Lord, and admonish you, and to
esteem them very highly in love for their work's
sake." And all tills yoa eaa never do if you
Speak against them. Shame on you, then; guilt
on yoQ, if you do it. On the'eontrary,
III. Delight to tneak well of him. Not to
himself, that is needless, but to others. Every
bn Bas aomolfood qualities an4 so has be Of
every one you can say something good, and so
yon can of him.' Do so, and it will lead others
to do the same. It win exiona nis innueoce mr
good, It will aid to make him a blessing to your
sdf and to all about you.
IV. Support him liherally. " Let him that is
taught in the word, communicate onto him that
tcacheth In all good thin s." This is Gods's Com.
round, and those that, disobey it suffer. Many a
Church has cursed itself by being mean to its
minister. Let not this curse bo yours. Pay your
minister liberally and punctually. Thus his mind
will be at rest, free from anxiety, and entirely
given to his appropriate work to labor for your
V. Always meet him to A Kinaness ana a$ec.
tion. ' Ho is a man, and will appreciate and prize
your sympathies. So far from bis being above
them, tlioy will help to make aim nappy; ana tne
want, the absence of them, will often send him to
his study with the heart aphe silent and uncom
plaining It may be, but bleeding at the inmost
soul.' Would you shrink from inflicting a pang
like this 7 Ever then, meet him with a welcome
smilo, with a Jtind, encouraging, friendly word.
It will warm his heart to a deop affection for your,
self ; will incite him to greater effort for your good,
Slid make him doubly willing to spend and be
may interrupt his studies, and waste his timo t
but at proper seasons. Somo people never do in is.
They expect their minister to call and see them,
but never think of culling to see him. Bo not
guiltjrof this neglect.' Your minister, if a man
of refined and sensitive feeling, will keenly feci
it. An occasional and warm hearted visit will
cheer him, and aid him not a little to be useful.
And now and then, as you visit him take with
you some little present, no matter for its value,
that is of little consequence ; but take it aa a to.
ken of vour kind rcmcmberance and regard. Such
courtesies will bind him to you with strong a Sic
tion ; and his affection it is all important for you
tO possess. ' J- . .; .
VII. eer be attentive to hi teaching. II it
fCJiis to teach, it is yours to hear. Be then in
your placo every Sabbath at every service -nt
every prayer meeting. Thus you will enconrngo
his heart and strengthen his hands, and thus only
can you appreciate his many labors. And not
only hear, but what you hear apply to yourself.
Obey it, Ho will have " no greater joy than to
see you walking in the truth." "
VIII. Kemember the rule. Keep a copy ot
lliflm. Place it : where you can refer to it daily.
Head them at least every week, and .often ask
wherein you have sinned against them. If you
are prone to break them, men read tnein every
day, aTyou go to your closet, and pray God by
his Spirit to enable you to keep tliera.
' Do all this even attempt to do it and in nine
ty cases, out of a hundred you will have a good
minister. Observe these rules, and though by
nature your minister may be far from what you
KOftlAJiaveJiimi still grace and your kindness
will make him a good one. . Violate- them dis.
regard them and In ninety casea-wt f hun
dred you will have a poor minister indeed. Dis
regard them, and though in fact you have a most
excellent minister, it will, to ah absolute certain
ty, make him a poor one ( youl
How to sb Rich Hoard every cent you get,'
or expend it where it will double In a week i never
give a farthing to the poor ; never lend a dollar
to your neighbor stint yourself in food and
Iptuing ; purchase your article at- a very low
rate, and then insist upon a discount befriend no
one in any way ; belong to no society ; have no
intimate acquaintances, and as sure as there is a
snn in the heavens, you will become a rich man.
Hundreds have thus become wealthy, and died,
leaving their property td be disputed by profligate
and spendthrift ; proving, a curse instead of a
blessing.- 'If you are determined to be rich, per
mit us to say plainly, that yoa must not expect lo
bohappyi. No pne will fove you few respect
uu and all will rejoice at your a cam. rwiunrn
Who art th Britith W-higt t.JTbe Lon-
don papers are vehement m tneir attacKS
upon the Tariff law passed by the late Con
gress. . Why ? Because It protects Ame
rican, and to that extent injures miusn
interests. Such a course is certainly natu
ral in them the perpetual . assailants of
American character, interests and institu-
ions ; but is it not strange that they should
find so many hearty allies on this side of
the water ? The Lorttfba Times, the Tory
orsrun in England, also 'Vindicates the veto
power ana lis exercise es x yier. nuunuu
Ise cftuld have been expected, but that the
dvocates of kingly powers should maintain
the expediency of that monarchical feature
of our Constitution, and its frequent use.
They are, by education as well as instinct,
the advocates of -every, principle wmcn
swells the power of the executive, and cur
tails that of the people whom they believe
to be incapable of self-gbvernment.
Wbat bas a lady to do with Tcm
.','."'!. peraucef -; :
Much. The gentle elements of her na
ture have fitted he r.for, command j and God
has made, the empire; of . her, heart . bound,
less. Love is the bond of sympathy with
all intelligent creatures. ;U is the master-
principle of society ; a spontaneous emo
lion of the soul , obedient to no motives save
those which claim kindred who its own
character. Fear cannot inspire it ; power
cannot suppress it ; wealth cannot purchase
it ) authority cannot command it. A slave
in all its muliznant passions, the soul is
free in every exercise of affection, in every
act of benevolence. However other ob
jects may inspire the emotion, ' woman was
made' to be mistress of this passion in the
soul. If she does not rule irr the heart of
man, it is usually hecause goodnets dor not
rule her own. She may light the torch of
benevolence and direct its fire wherever she
will, her empire is boundless and fre
I his influence was given to make her both
the guardian and ministering angel devo.
ted to frivolity, hqrinfluoncH reaches only
to the fancy, and neither makes or retains
a permanent conquest ; but consecrated to
charity it will die only with the memory of.
her who was " last at the cross, and lirst at
sepulchre,'' . :
Intemperance afhicts man ; but it blasts
woman. It lays the withering stroke on
her heart and her bciuty consumes liko a
moth, while her joy goes down to the tomb.
Man survives the loss of happiness; woman
never. Man has a thousand chances to
secure it, woman has but one Tho evils
which intemperance Jay upon man, come
often ono at. a timo 5 on woman they light
all together. We ask her to throw her be.
nevolence into the scale, to secureproie(r
tion for her own fireside and her own
heart. Fr aught you can toll, the fate of
yonder widow, friendless nnd forlorn, may
soon be yours ; for aught you can tell, the
destroyer who wrote the mother childless,
to-morrow may lay destruction at your door
and break your heart. Whatever may.be
jour power to attract, to persuade, to com
mand, hesitate not to throw that power into
this caus?, and then, no matter what may
be the result, you shall know that you are
guiltless, . ..." , a
In the domestic circle is cast the charac
ter of men it gives expression to nations.
If purity and peace are nob found there,
society, will bo filled with discontent and
contention. As sure as intemperance
crosscstho threshold of domestic life, every
pure aid high influence will Depart, Low
indulgence, crawling down through every
Ugr0e of mean lies even though covered
with refowmenv Jwy -tfaa. aoitl a long , rob
bing it of noble sensibilities and introducing
it to every form of ''swilled insolence,,
till she entirely " looses the divine property
of hor being. Let those who preside over
the sanctities of domestic lift', and adminis
ter its sacred rights, guard the entrance
against the first upproach of this monster.
If the household gods are not kept in purity,
there is not a deity that is safe from pollu.
tion. Phil. Tern. Adv.
A Novelty. Tho inmates of the Insane
Asylum at Brattleboro', Vt., have com.
menced the publication of a new weekly
newspaper called the " Asylum Journal."
Those only whom the majority of mankind
consider insane, are requested to furnish
communications for said paper. "Dal. Sun.
For the " Messenger."
- The Temperance Banner.
Fling forth the white banner, let its rsdiant light
Triumphantly shine o'er this proud, happy land;
Let its lustre dispel the'durkness of night,
Which long has enveloped this glorious land.
Soon, soon shall oar country be happy and free,
And peace shall long reign in triumph around
Thy flag Shall soon wave o'er every or.ran and sea,
. And tfiyfrtends In far distant nations be found.
Then ceaao1 nol.despair not in your labors of
love, "' I
Thy cause shall prevail wherever it goe :
And thy God who still rules o'er all from above.
Shall enable thee boldly to vanquish thy foes. .
To the rescue, kind friends, let your efforts ne'er
fail, " "" - " ' '"
Till. oar land be redeemed from darkness and
gloom r------ -., ..
Till your blessings throughout all lands shall pre
vail, And the world bo restored to its freshness and
. bloom. n " r f - -. . - - - '
Tis a glorious cause that now bids you rise,
- Ti humanity tironmts thee tn rescue the world 2
Then let jpour glad..yoice ascend to the skies, -." .
' And fuo "Tempera'aee Banner," long be it un-
Oh f who that doth feel for-tfie needy and poor
Wmtld-ttmra- deaf ear to humanity's call T
Who, "who would not that hi prayers shall oft
- oar,- - i. , . j : . . .
And plead that the sceptre from Bacchus might
r,t --i u-lL.' V'.-fcL"-LLj'' u-n ' j
Blest, blest be the day When our people shall find
That this beautiful banner o'er all lands is un
furled, ' ' "
When the Temperance cause shall usurp every
' And the friends of good order have conquered
Then the tears of the friendless shall never more
Nor the chords of affection be severed in twain ;
But each cheek with the smile of rejoicing shall
And the heart it sweet fulnea and gladness re
tain. Oh ! Temperance, Temperance 1 bright, glorious
day, . ,.
When thy flag to th breeze of all nations is
When tby son shall rejoice the bright sceptre to
And the song of Redemption by all kindred be
sung. - ;
Greenville, S. C. Dee. Hth, 1843.
The Legislature. '
Id another column will . be found tho re.
port of the President and Directors of the
Literary Fund, about: which fund so much
was said in the last electioneering campaign
by. the Democratic 'party!';' A in almost
every thing else, their vaporing in hls mat
ter turns out to have been nothing but
smoke. -. '. . - . ; . 'i : .
Here Is a Bill which has been introduced
into the Legislature for the issuing of a mil.
lion of shin-plasters, for. the relief of the
people and let it bo distinctly recollected
that it was introduced by Messrs. Shepherd
and Coopori two prominent Democrats!
Tvvo real hard-money men!!
; Be it enacted by the General Assembly of
tlic olate of Jynrlh Carolina, and U ts here
by enacted by the authority of Uut same That
the Governor, Treasurer and Comptroller,
are hereby authorized to issue one million
of dollars, upon the faith and credit bf the
State, in bill from S10 to $100, bearing
nji interest of 2i percent; to be divided
among all the Counties,, according to their
Federal" Population, and loaned out to in
dividuals at 6 per cent., upon a pledge of
r, -IT.. . i f. i 1
ueai instate, or unuouoieu personal securi
ty, to double the amount that any one indi
vidual may borrow, and renewable every
twelve months upon the payment of one fifth
of lho principal nnd interest, and as fust as
the money arising from this source shall
be paid Into the hands of tbeTreasurcr, who
is hereby authorized to receive it, it shall
bo applied as a sinking fund from vear to
year, until the whole utnoutif ofbneTnitiiorr
and interest elm II be paid off.
Be U further enacledt 1 hat the bills here
by authorized to be issued, shall be signed
by the Governor, Treasurer and Comptroll.
er : and fliat tho expenses of tho Scheme
are to be paid by therh, with the difference
of interest between that which tho Bills
bear, and that which, the borrower pays, to
wit: 31 her cent. . ' ,
Be it further enacted. That these Bills
shall be receivable in paymenlfl&f publicans
csand Bank dividends.
Be it further enacted, That' three per
sons, to be styled Commissioners of Loans,
( . 1 1 . .1 1
snail oe appointed oy 1110 governor unu
Council, for each Gunly; that these Com
tnissioners shall xesida in their respective
Counties, and give bond for the faithful per-
formancc of their duty, and shall bo allow
ed such compensation as the Governor and
touncil may deem proper 1 Provided, That
tho expenses of th whole scheme, shall
not exceed altogether tho provisions men
tioncd in the second section of this Bilf. -7
, Be il further enacted. That all' laws and
clauses of laws, which arc inconsistent with
this Act, nro hereby repealed. .
The following Bill has been reported in
the House of Commons by the Joint Select
Committee, on the apportionment of Be.
Be il enacted by ilie Gdicral Assembly of
the Stale of JSorth Carolina, and il is here
by enacted by the authority of the same, That
until the first Session of ihc General As.
sembly, after the yearor.o thousand eight
hundred fifty one, tho House of Commons
shall be composed of members, elected from
the Counties of Lincoln, and Orange. shall
elect four members each. The Counties of
Chathnnij Grnuville, Guilford, Iredell,
Mecklenburg, Stokes, Surry, and Wake,
shall elect thrcf members each. The Coun
ties of Anson, Beaufort, Bertie, Buncombe,
BurkeTCn barrus, Caswell, Cruvcn, Cum
berland, Davidson, Duplin, EJgecomb,.
Franklin, Halifax, Johnston, -New Han
over, Northampton, Pitt," RandSph, Robe
eson Rockingham Rowan,- Rutherford,
shall elact two members each.1 Tbe Coun
ties of Ashe, Bladen, Brunswick, Caldwell,"
Carteret, Camden, xCherok;ee, Chowan,
Cleveland, Columbus, Oufrituck, Davie,
Gates, Greene,? Haywood, ' Henderson,
Hertford, Hyde, Jones, 'Lenoir, Macon,
Montgomery, Martin, Moore, Nash, Ons
low. Piisqriotank, lVrnmmons. "Person.
Richmond, StauTy, Tyrrell, Washington,
and Yancy, shall elect one member each.
' Mr.' Edwards, from tho Joint', Select
Committee, to lay off tlic State into 50
Senatorial Districts, reported the following
Bill. " '
theMtejLJ?'or"1 aroltna, and it ti here
by enacted by the authority ofllte saireTSl
fur the purpose of electing members tothe
Senate of the General Assembly bf the
iStateof North Curonfaa, this State shall be
f,. -, , , - Cl. .. , . .' .... ,
divided into fifty ditricts,"ns ftillows--thnt
is to say : rhe ImI District shall consist of
the Counties of Pasquotank and Perqui
mons, the 2d District of Cumden and Curri
tuck, the 3d District of Gates and Chowan,
the 4th District of Washington and l yrrel,
thejith District Northampton, the 6ih Dis
trict Hertford, the 7th District Bertie, the
8th District, Martin, the 9th District, Hali
fax, the 10th District, Edgecomb, the 11th
District Pitt, the 12th District, Beaufort and
Hyde, the 13th District, Craven, the 14th
District, Carteret and Jones, the 15th Dis
trict, Lenoir and Greene, the 16th District
New HaneVer," the 17lh District, Onslow,
the 18th District, Duplin, the 19th Bruns
wick, Bladen and Columbus, the 20th Gura.
berland, the 21st Sampson, the 22d Wayne
-the 23d Johnson, the 24th Wake, the 25th
Nash, the 26th Franklin, the 27th Warren ,
I the 29th Granville, the 0tli Person, thft
30tli.Orange, the 3lst Chatham, the 32J
j Robeson and Richmond, the 34th Anson,
the 35th Randolph, the 30tu uunioro, too
37th Cuswell, the 38th. Rockingham, lho
39th Mecklenburg, the 40lh Csbnfrus nnd
Stanly, tho 41st Rowan, the 42nd David
son, the 43rd Stokes, the 44tli Surry nd
Ashe, the 45th Iredell, lho 4Glh Liucoln,
the 47th Rutherford end Clevelnnd the 49th
Burke, Caldwell and Wilk, lho 49th Bun.
combe, Yancy and Henderson, the ,50th
Haywood, Macon, and Clierokeo eacb of
which districts, shall bo entitled to ono Sea.
ator, to be elected under tho same rules
and regulations, as are now provided by
law. . - r -. .; '.- , - ." -i
Beit further enacted, That nothing in
this, act contained J shall be so construed as -to
nffoct the mannerpf holding an election
for Members of tlic Senate, before the next
regular election, to be holden on the 1st
Thursday in August, in the year one thou
sand eight hundred and foriy-fotir. ;
, ExKcrmvE Offic, i
December 1, 1812.
To the Honorable- .
the General Amembly of North Carolina :
The President and Directors of the Lite-
rary Fund of North Carolina, submit tho
follow'ing'rerjoVt : ' ' ' '
From lho frequent applications made '
this Board, to borrow the funds of the Boa A
from the frequent allusions by politic19
and political journals, to the large rn?
made out of the Literary Fund buePP .
rhefhet7ihat tlnr last LTgisluturo Vasaed.
this Resolution," viz: "That tho?1,0! '
ofnccraKhayinhargo of tho Liti?"ry tan
Internal Improvement Funds7Tjcqu''e
to collect ns much of the said Fuifls as may
be necessary to meet the ordinar expenses
of tho State," the Board hayeome the
conclusion, that tho opinion prevails, that
tho Literary Fckd is the subject if ionn.
If euch an opinion does exiy, it is be.
iieved to be erroneous, ahd tl.Ronra DC'
lieve they have no nulhort to lend tho
Literary Fund, execpf when specially di.
rcctcd to do so by tlw Legislature, ns in tho
case jof thq Wako Forest College. By a
Resolution of tlo last Legislature, tho
Board was directed to loan this Institution,
ten thousand dollars, out oCthc-LiUsrary
Fund, which was done accordingly. -
By reference to the Ilevjsed Statutes, I
Vol. Chap. 66rSec. 3, and Chap". 67, Sec.
4, it will be seenthat tho Fund is to bo
invested, not loaned. But by tho 13th Sec
tion of this last Chapter, $200,000 is ap-
propriated to the use "of the President and"
DiiHjotoro, f.r the purposo ofrcclaiming
tho Swamp Lands " and if tho same shall
not be immediately required, the-said Pre
sident and Directors shall have power to
kxn the same", on short' credit and good
security, or to deposit it with n Bank or
Banks, at a reasonable rate of interest, an
they may sec fit, until it is required for lho
work herein provided Pr." -
The Fund, out of which tho loans 'RVado.A
by tho Board, were made, was tliis20Tt,
000 ; commonly called tho Swatnp Fund.
The grcatec-part of it was. loaned shortly;
after tho passage of tho net of 1836, and
tho Board have not been able td collect it
in, to meet their own contracts, ns fast as
it was needed, without pressing their col
lection by legal coercion, to which -they
have resorted in many instances ; and even
then, they have not collected as fast ns
they were compelled to pay out, to comply
wun me engagements entered into, with
their contractors. - .
Tho B iard were au;!i6r!zCu by an act of
the last Session, to loari that portion of th
distribution of the nctt income of the Lite,
rary Fund, which was allotted to thoso
counties which did not vote for the School
LnWj, This amount is sraull, aud most of
ifliSs becti lon ned. ,
'These are the two Fuiids loaned bv tho.
By tho Common School act of the Inst -
Session, passed 11th January, 1841. it is
enacted that the nett annual income of tho
Literary bund, shall be distributed on or
before tho 1st of. September in each venr.
as therein directed. TJie Board made every
ining oeionging to tne t und, at lho passage
of tho Act, Principal or Capital, out of
wmeii me noil income was to Bnso. :
Exhibit A, shows the amount of the Fund
at that timo and tho sources of revenue.
. Exhibit Bjdiowjf thonctt incorno from
the passage of-tho act to 1st September. -
XxUibiLCjjiliows tho Federal nonulation
of each county, and tho, several amounts
distributed to each. -
Exhibit D, shows the state of the Fund
on 1st December, 1842.
Exhibit E, shows the expendiTurcs made
in reclaiminc the Swamp Lands and thu
cost of the Canals and their tributaries.
The Board have completed their one ra.
tions for the present, so far as Pungo and
Alligator Canals and their tributaries m
concerned. Pungo Canal was completed
in 1840. Four tributaries to that Canal
and Alligator Canal were finished in 184t ,
and three tributaries to this last Canal, ha vo
been completed within the present year,
which completes the system of improve'
ment contemplated at that plnce. Tho
Board have come to the conclusion to un
dertake no new work.ss it will require
so mo timo to bring tle reclaimed lands into
market.at a fair price ; and it may hecomo.
necessary tc deepen some of tliese Canals
after tho adjacent lands have settled. ''