Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.) /
Nov. 18, 1847, edition 1 /
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A.tr I ui
, r-'T annittf i advance; itr-t
:aC Ta w..l be m-rlM IOm
A TuVrf t Inc. or for t! f.M i;
Ui ft! j rIrr-r Ce.rr for each c?n.
i-tj. r .rfln(.qUmrc counted is two, Oct
i : .,.,nce . j,.,, f mer t ions" iJ.
LbeiriiiVd tiismr-,rortb.s a.
",p , lr cuntmufj t ill forbid, and
trt'jJJrordingiy . Coart Orders win be
CJI ,.., f,,r nnair"ii th nams d cii
, j1;" jni 3 in vanity in aJtrancs.
'Vtrs tot Jtornirrteoma frca . of posU
- rtrrira no attention.- ;
crrCf?oudcncoof tlic ricstencr.
jisnrittB, Tcnn., Oct..23, 1S17.. ;
!i.Akws. . ; ' .:
. p.ar s.r I h ive now been two months
from hamt't 11 .'Idum 1 hear from
jw.-nirpt through Your m3$t excellent
in-J from it I receive much pleasure
,tj ic'jr'miiion. I bavo travelled much
liin-:-j tbe eastern and middle " portions
cf it Sate, nd tt all and every point was
rrvt aith tha grt-"' tbupJlnco of the
cp mi the innumerable number of hogs
trJ i? cattle fjtteninj for the different
irrU'. The rich land of Duck river,
njrVn the hi 1 Its on Cjmbcrland, seemed
groaning under their weight.
jji I was forcibly struck' with fhe lm.
fr, bodies df the richest land in on in.
fj1 iitcJ tV Bni j'Jst as 11 wa' w)'cn
f.:vi j " " to tho cn'crjiristn" pionctir fif
il or sistj years aj').t There arc Iraejs
f jn'alniug from one lo three thousand acres
:a.uttli3 firs, evidence of" improvement,
ir.i uf.cr.timcs belonging to persons, resfd.
j-jin te Carolinns, obd "mare frequently
hi'ieul-i North Slate. I found no land or
tj ) nura susceptible of improvement or
beVxr covered with crops than' ihe valley
hnlictwccn New Market .and Checks
C'jm R jail." 1 think this ia destined
i m day to bo a desirable as any part of
1 Sate.'srui all thai it seems to need
rVit faculties. Who can estimate the
r.nniajc a'rail road wuuld Jjo.Io th sec
:i a! It seem ta me there js tcrVitnry
to supply ten timc as many as now
'jry ths lanls. no t vrt tno word is
Wesward, IIw! onJ since the jalcdiQti
ii cx jivernor Brawn, stating Mexico, was
i lie annexed, and tint tho Government
r.fr.Jci la levy taxes and gather chairi
tu:n, sct'lc and 'take possession of all
r rdi- anJ clairr dominion over -this
Lit U-pjb.'ic, rntny arospcakifig of an
irnnpjiite remove, and in fact all of those
. . . i- . "
'o hive ri-turr.cu it tho Lite regiments
hit srrvf i at ihi"b"iul-s of Mn'.crey and
Bicnt Villi. 'I hoa'J Lt. Cul. WhiiTirld
say he had his location now. selected, and
ccj era rr.i.Vv n't 1. j-
ed Intbriiies'Invc been rvc!oI-:cd :
m iMcirr i:: : v. ' n
j"it,or ser.,. s,t uv.:; ot-rc.
t:.2 rcntle and rpr-7-t r.,-,. ,,'
pJ'y irial;:u!iontrur I ca-.aji do i: j !,-.::?
en J call 'f; any t! ir tlj-;. Yr.'t' r
tha instrumen:a!itv nf tl. V
waywafdhave been rcsiorcd, and ths liars
of I.eart Lrcken uif. dii .1 :- nr J
the hearts ;'of jho' children made phd.
Tliis orJcr ha's teen as nn-angt! of mefr
cy, dispensing light, life, and hbcrty wher
ever It goes. To carry out tha tios;gn of
the founders' cf the Society, ii was formed
spon. entirely a difTercr.t system .from the
old ttfmperancs order, and tho result has
been most happy. '
I send you some ppecches ani a Iktfc
book contaiomg the constiiuttonaod bye
laws;" which Ihape you will accept, and I
must think ;you will be pleased with them.
Thfty will giro ycu a tolerably correct
idea of the working cf this order; and I
hope will have the happy efTect to lead you
to aid in establishing a Division la our vlU
age. ; This can be done by applying to
tho Grand Division in the cityof Raleigh,
and no doulA but some (f the cran J worthy
patriarchs would corno .up an briog the
nqecssary regalia, &p. and the charter.-
No one is
. .lu j originally
t s t;
' J ..riho D. lia, inKi$k:icr Ie
takir of Cncpt'.c-tc and the
l " jn ths City of Mexis, pays a
c:.t io the Pnginetrs, and re-
try' amustrg lnei Jent:
i .inciicct hich oc
I n in one of his re
li i3 worlhy of record.
cur red la'C.
It t-car.r.cj -ry ci cne occasion for
him to go very r nr. tho cnemj's breast-
worK,in oraer,i J cscertain irs true post-
a Mexican of.
l.!s escort, and
tbn. -As he c," 4 rua:
ficer rode out r.! two of
' ... n ...
rime tp wr.r.;n a. very t-:.Trt distance,
when C-jpf Mason drew his revolver.
Tha Mexican then in S(-tniih salii'icd
"Gj-id rr.orr.ir-." Tl.2 Cp tiln K'-pon-d?d.'
The Mexican then said, "You seen
i . . i. . . .'
iu ovcry curious: suppose you ccme a
:-'-! i iutjJtj r'acLii cle l.'e;!.er. When ahuots
hve grown" aa, inqh, cr. two above the
surface of. tlic erth, the tops may be cut
tfT be'aw t.o the first jointed roo, and
p!and two or three inches apart, ,1 fine
sanJy earthi ia the csursa cf or
ten days they will be well., rooted plants,
and planted -at the distance that potatoi-S
are generally planted, will prodjea a crop
of tubers ia eight, tea or ttvelvc weeks,
(accordiag tathe kind)) equal to that pro
ducedfrom tubers, and when "pr&pagaied
in this manner plants miy be obtatrt-d in
great quantities- "
. A'-moe simple way will be to place the
tuber in a similar manner ' as before sis.
ted, and when the shoots have grown to
the length of two or three in'ches nbove
the soil To4ake up the tubers and strip off
the shoots from them; there will .be six or
more biutifullv rooled nlints. ijsf in or.
lifer for final plaotinjn reulaoe the tuberlas-
before. h:ca may bo repented at least
ui:r,:it r-cstcau Ucciiiiic::. ih; rtu-:jn, an J to rtn-jxe r
We f.pd upon the Spanish, sda of the aiblethe obstacles in the way of it, l&hsdl
rius of Liberty of lbs I9h inst. twoIaCord my countrymen the mosi'Jnecclesti
Genius of Liberty of
import's nt circulars the f.r;t fromScnor
Pec J Pena, the Acting President of
Mexico, and the second from Ser.of Rosa,
his Secretary of State. As the first-open
exrKwiiions of the views and policy of the
new Mejcican Adminiilration, they arc
entitled to our consideraon; bvt they will
repav a perusal hy their intrinsic interest,
and they jitve clear indications of he abili
ty which marks most of th public docu
ments of the- Mexicans, and cannot be
entirety obscured by the,, imperfection of
the translations which we make of them
with a haste inseparable from the demands
of a daily press. Some , passages in the
circular of the Secretary of State a r
peculiarly significant as lo the views of the
new Administration in regard to the war,
and its desires for peace. Both docu
ments breathe the spirit of ian intelligent
Jhv.le closer.'" '"No, 1 thank- ioj sir 1 times, and ihis'wili produce sufficient civilian, which' is vety Welcome in place
pianis iron) lour or live luoers, plb mou. j or tue cguiisiitai u uu.u ut.iQiuouvJu
era:e szc, lo plant a rod of cround at a I of Santa Anna, distinguished as his' de
distance ttat tubers are usually planted. clamatwn is: by occasronal lorcc ana Drii-
T .torsi tSm laVn frtm n n rnlvinir rrvr , I 1 nrtr . J
treated V.ke cuttings. ofihep plants, and j Even, should tho rumor prove! "true,
afterwards transplanted, will 4vlo produce which reached us yesterday, that Santa
rron nf Inhpr rftu-i! in nuahtitv to lhat I AnTia . has been . recalled tO .DOWer to
" i , -i j 1 i . : . ....
excluded from this . order, no mysel;,' and moving fbuna a : little to ihe'
can see very well from where I,am.
V Walk inside, sir; wc will endeavor to
treat you as well as. the accommodations'
of the camp will enable us.T "J tini much
obI;gfd you,'sir, for your kindness, but
prefer partaking of your hospitalities on
some future occasion." 'And holding ,his
spy glass to His eye, he continued', ''Jonly
want, at the present, Jo see howyouare
situated, I can sec two guns in embra.
zirc,one in1wrbi:t,and I think you havo
one in cmbrasurn a little further to the kit.
That gun I see your men Joadiig, I do not
think you wiJI.be able to bring it to bear on
me, as 1 will krep you between it and
r' u have had
- all ilic Jicrs w!n were under him
ia former service intended scttlipg at the
rn place. This fine and masterlv ad
t--of cxgavirnjr Ilrown disclosed an-J
-i"..JcJ many such sccrcls, tbataeemcd
A-ai onis'i tha dense crowd thai were in
s.tslauce, as all believed he was speak-
":aiv!s.-J!v of tiio intentions of the Ad-
r- c.3'raiionr of which he is a able and
f-"'uai supporfcr. . '
Agm to my juhjeci. ." I was here two
I-i'iarv ud was then sl'ruck with the
jrVi 'improvement ol this -part of tho
f, and since ths-t time the progress his
, n.asiniin. Columbia, Shelby villa,
i, . .. . .'
raaklinan J all tho surrounding villages,
a now i-npetuj given
and aro improving rapidly,. But
we keeps psco.wuh Nashvillc. W'hen
rr, as above mentioned, two years ago,
f'mjj a jroncral acoJilirtanclo, with the
anl running of tHb streets', but
rapid spread. and extension ol the city
'jnrreachr-d my imagination and know.
i'and I was compiilled lo. inqipro the
vta the Sowanee Housed standing on
ge street.: In every direction the
are in a stale of, blockade,, with
-r, b-ick; stonoV & a,l ''l0 nterials
b'jilJtn. .At ibis tims there aro in
se of erection upward of one hundred
s,?s, amonz them a number of fino pri
eJrsionl One. particularly, I wt.I
"ton, bt-lajnging lo a wealthy gentleman
splice, Mr. l,high Kirkman, which is
ct $30,000. ' 1 : ' '.
-jocteties, schooJs and christian 6rder
smds( are keeping pace wilh the im
erarot. :yhilc speaking of Societies,
--t fin J occasion to menrion orre that
mailer wlat his religious pcraston or pol.
itics as tVuch matters are never discussed,
ai?d politicians and christians of every kind.
join in common: 1 he initiation Is solemn
and interesting, and the pledges aro-such
t'h.ai no one in his. right mind can violate
tlwm wilhoutvdircct violence lb the con
trolling good t spirit given to guide and di
feet us in the way of rectiiude. Yet .the
pledgo-ahd rules are liberal and qharitable
inr all thnir bearings.- Some object to sqferet
movemenis of the society but on reflection
all must admit th.u no society can prosper
and hold together, in perfect olherhood
without some secret movements, and cs..
yeclally whero the object is lo assist eacli
other when in distress, apd to relievo the
widows and orphtns of .-deceased members.
It is pleasing to-find in all theSe western
towns, andat every respectable store and
gathering, a smiling face who readily takes
you by the hand and makes you welcome,
because he recognizes in -you '. a brother in
tho great cause of the Sons of Temperance
I was not-aware that the shcel was so
nearly filled, I really have become so in."
tcrestcd in the Sons of Temperance that it
seemsl cosild write pages on the subject.
1 lwavernuch more to say, and regrel I hayc
o stop. Y'uurs, - . '
nht'. ne coniinueU his observation.'
One of ihe escort ;then spoke in' English
ahd said, 4You d ' d -rascal, you know
.better, than to come in hero. If I va& to
get hold of you, I d cut your dd l!iroat."
Cpt. Mason ther)' said to the.pfTicer,
'I hat fellow of yours speaks very good
English, but : he makes very bad use of it;
and. his scurrility rs in . striking" cuptr-asi
with your on respectful language. . If
we had him in our camp, we would teach
him to be more' respecifu'.' The. "Mexi
cn officer thtn rode off to one .side. Caii
Mason.. Who. 1 had ; bnun rnakinir Kt
obscrvaiion during the whole- li mo of. 'the
conversation, said to the officer, VI' have
Ao desire at present to be brought within
ihe range of'your guns, 'and having learn
cd all I want 4a know about your position,
I will bid you good morning, sir;1 and then
returned to where . he had left his escort,
which until then had been unseen- by the
Mexican, who rode back lo, the fort, apoa
rently much mortified; and disapoointed
thnt he had not 'been , able to decoy the
C-iptaiu into the trap that had been set for
The Ucsian Fly,
Mia largely ,ahead of all otherv, and
l lhe "Sons of Temperance, which
vno-a- ba dt!c of in our country, un
I his title.. This Society was establish-
few years ajo, by some philan-
t':''9 'ongiog to ibe-Washingionians
he cjy of New Yorky and its growth
I Fr"ihave exceeded all calculation.
(H for itr maio objects ihe promotion
- lo-te, ni fidelity, is solely cMr-
f'e aDj directed to the moral adrance-
. The Pcu Palch Case.
The P.ea Puteh Island (is well as c re
member) ii,thfc siibjici of a triangular .claim
'by the United State?, the State ,'of New
Jersey and the State of Delaware, has
been Referred 16 the Hon. John Sergeant of
Philadehihia. as sole arbitrator, for liij.
ultimate decision. The caso has been o
pencd, Mr. Sergeant silting as Judge in the
Supreme Ciurt Koom at TUihdelphia.
I he "North American gives the tollowmg
iterestins account of a part of th' docu
mcnlary evidence on thep-irto! the Uniie'd
States: . . ,
In the develcpment of this,' some stri
king documents were produced for the
want 'of which,, as we understund - Mr.
ClaMonlo say, the United Slates had onoe
lost the suit io the courts of fsew Jersey
One oflhese was nothing less than the or.
iginal deed from King Charles, l. of Lng
land, with his autograph and royal seal
to his most. dear brother James, Duke
York and Albany, (afterwards James II.)
in which '.tho:- King conveys New Castlo
and twelve miles ; round about.it,' to the
Duke for Tex- Thoosand Yeaks, ia. con-
ideraUion i-if. w remember-of the Duke V
yielding and paying up to him four irabbit
skins annually on ' each feast of Michael
the Archaogel. Then name-severs I deeds
from the Duke, afterwards the King, with
his signature and arms, to William Peon,
in which out of special regard to the mem
ory andnany eminent and faithful servi.
ces which .Admiral bir WjUiam Teorr,
father of the founder of Pennsylvania, had
rendered to him, the 'Duke, lor :en shil.
Iing, "conveyed the same property to-our
Quaker progenitor. 5
These, deeds after having been lost, lor
nearly two centuries, wereiouna recently
in 'ihrt charter room at Stoke IWics, the
seal of .".William PemVs tfescendants
in England. The exteriors cf them were
black with age- but 4he signature seals.
emblazonry, and royal images on them
iprinr. were as fresh and clear as though
twrt dnvs instead of nearly two-'centu
ries, has passed since their delivery n- The
exhibition, in actual evidence of these very
curious naners. raked from such' listant
and recondite recesses, produced an obvi
mi sensation in the court room, aud we
saw the countenances of several historjeal
gentlemen , and Trlicularly of .Mr. In
graham,. well known for, his rich eollec
tton of autographs, as well as for more val
uable distinctions brighten with uncoin
mon ssnsibility as they beheld, in the dis
produced by (he" pa rent plant...
which we attach but little faith the docu
ments which v? annex will possess, im.
porfance; as un!olomg the views ot two
eminent citizens of Mexico, whose views
proved ' too' moderate to "satisfy the ex
pectations of .their countrymen. . But we
do not vet believe ihat the overthrow of
the Government of Senor Pena y Pcna has
been so speedily enected. -.
,'TImj idea advanced by ihe : writer of ihe
following (which w-e clip from the. edito
rial columns of .vie N.X. Christian Advo
caie and Journal) is newjo us, but may,
ncveruieiess, Do true.- it is-wcrrlriv a care.
Jul investigation by Agriculturists.
V i'.ij respect' to the UeSsian fly per
haps improperly so called I profess to
know. someihins'Trorri a lon: . course of ob
servation.. I remember the first invasion
of Maryland by this ; icsect,; and have at-
lemively wutcheu its prores, and noticed
its -pi-'cufiar habits; and the result is" the
scaled opinion, that a Wise, providence ha
so ordered iL. that good hasbandrymay bid
defiance to the fly: IheV insect deposits
oiie w:i if eggs in autumn, and one mere
in th spring. . The first may be avoided
by sowing after the season' for depositing
he : egg is past, say in Mar5land during
tho first: ten days in October. : Further.
noth,.I suppose, it may be safe to sow a
littlfl. earlier The effects of the spring
deposit will bo .rendered nugatory by ma
king the laud rich, and preparing it well
for, the seed.- . The extirpation of nilweeds,
and all grasses, which impede ihefgro'wth
oj the wheat plant in the spring is a sine
qua non '' Vor the fly will deposit its eggs
jusfab.oi'e the -first joint, . and under the
first blade, of nearly every wheat shoot, in
tho field; and from none " of these - first
shoots may wheal be expected. Bui if the
ground bet clean, and ipgood heai olher
s.hoots wui put out in abundance, od with
these the Cy.wtll not interfere... Boiifthe
wheal hs been sown so early in the fall
i!m the first shoots have .been lodgments"
for the ejiss. and have been arrested -in
their crt)wih'durinr autumn.' and, the 6c-
From the: rkdadttyki Inquirer cf Tlurtday.
Trxrblo in the Indian Country.
.Ci.ncixxati, Oct. 27 P. M.
.The Louisville Courier, received here
this afternoon, has a letter Horn St. L"uis,
dated Oct, 22d, which says that a .gentle- Circular of President Pcna J
ma'n belonvinff to thri Ampncsn For. dim. I : ; , : arena
pany has arrived 'in , that city from ths j.P bo visional PaEStDEXcr OF Mexico,
Unocr Missouri country. loluca, aept. arf, io. -
He eft Fort Pierre. 1500 miles ahnv r Excellent , (r in the oiscnarge ot an
ihe mouth of ihe Missouri riier. about four inseparable duly imposed upon me ny tne
weeks ago. He says that the Indians, at constitution, lor tno launtui oiscnarge oi
the lime of his leaving, were - ireoeraJIv which 1 am " responsible to Uod and my
quiet, but during the Summer they had' country, I Hijve resolred locorftmcnccfrom
committed manv-heariless and cold blood- hi moment the exercise of. the Supreme
. . -. . . .. . m.....'.!.... .( a. I !.: J .
ed murders A short time sincd. a war raecuuve power i iu ivrpwirct:iwi
narlv. comnosed of the Santee and SLout orgar.ise government wnicn. may Become
tribes, oassed the head waters of St. Peters. he centre of the National Union, and may
and:whcnthev reached the North fork of ve Mexico from the anarchy and dis-
the Platte. "they fell linnn a Paw ne villafr,. aoiuiioa wmcn tnreateo il unaer lis present
and in the most cruel manner, murdered a circumstances circumstances by which
',nnA 1 ihe invader himself doubtless sees "wfth
kthere-.'and a number of Indiana ' surpmo how much his designs ol occupa
ADvaui Wis same lime, enntinur.i th let- I mwu ui wm uwi v,u ,lu"-uf v,,v
trr. a war nartv of Oitors. nt Council being wUhout a head,-and puBlic affairs
Bluffs, started off and went" to Benlock. in involved in uiier cbnfusion. Ma-y it never
the Sioux countrv-and mnrdered, a d,rpn be said of me - by my countrymen or by
Indians of the Sioux i'tribe. The- Oitdes foreigners friendly, to. Mexico, thai through
were nrorrinted ' tn tKU drrndful : deed" of my irresolution or cowardice the nation
violence out of revenge i for a m'urddr of a I w" abandoned to her sad Tate, 4 and that
like number of iheir oM,n inhaSv thf Sinnv . I ane am responiible for ihe awful destiny
JJast Spinjr. :"') that awaits her, unless some constitutional
i ' . . . . .. , : - . : - . i . . .. i j '.. . .l i
There had been no news received Trom aumoruy gamers up ana unites again uie
Santa Fe for About two months, but in. ,now broken, which should bind the
lelligrnce .from : that quarter was looked States of the Republic together, apd' which
lor dailv. .
may yel make ot them a respectable and
powerful nation. I am fully of opinion
that without being wanling in ary of.the
cualificaitOns nresenbed. by the constitu-
lion, 1 can at.ihis moment, and atone, ns
surne executive . power;, oui , even were
coud shoots are .destroyed in ,lJfce-manner
in the spring, .though- the plant will still
make an effort to idler, and put out a third
set of shoots, the : vitality of the plant wiJl
have been too much exhausted to produce
much grain, oreven straw and, indeed,
will tnniure tod Jate in tlie summer to al.
tow the farmer much hope of reward in his
To multiply the Potato Crop.
', . The GardeoerVGironicte says'-the po
tato may' be . multiplied a hundred fold.
Any plausible way of eincrcasing the a
mount of this valuable esculent is deserving
attention. There i no department of ag
ricultur in fact no depa rlment os any art
or science more nearly allied Jo health and
happiness than the proper cultivation of
roots and fruits as human food.- W e quote
as follows: -J.''
.. It appears not to be " generally ' known
that tho potato plant may ; be propagated
more abundantly and wun greater ease
lhan mostorlier plants, the hoos pro
duce .roots natural at every joint below the
ground, when planted in the usual way.
To plant for propagation a smalt piece of
ground will be sufacient, as the tubers may
Corretpondenr.e of the. Chartetton Courier.
, . WVsmxGToN, Oct. 31, 1847.
Ii was reeently stated iri a, lelter from
Washington, published iri the B diimore thera smut constitutional requirements with
Sun, that the whigjj. in case they should J which I could not rigorously comply, the
hod -themselves unable to - elect 44 an out' same being by the force oi circumstances
and out whig as the Speaker of the House rendered -impossible, cvn then I':ayt
would Viiniie upon Mr. Holmes, of S. C, should feel bound to" plncv! myself at the
alid elect him as a.' Calhoun, ami. Polk, head of tho Administration of the Re
Sourhern, State Rights, balance of pdwer l public, as being called lo power, by ihe con
canaiuaie. l ne same, intimation has suiuuod. ana in oroer-io r.reeni; a cou-
been repeatedly thrown out in other pa-1 test for this power, which would in
pcrs. . . , ' i cvitably ensue, by force of arms, bring
As to this matter,, l have learned from tng on civil .war, ny wmcn . mo ue
various sources,' and. particularly in, cjbn- public wouid be destroyed in the .very
versation wijh leading whig politicians at presence of on army of invaders. , W hen
the North, that Mr. llolmes will: be laken thtJ public power of a nation .canpor.be
up by ihcrp, in concurrence wiih the Cal- embodied in a form strictly constitutional,
houn men, u they find diflicuhv inlselecul the way to avoid anarchy cannot be to
ingor in electing a candidato of their own establish an cdministratioTi absolutely un
party. ,.They have been led to this deter-I constitutionil srj revolutionary, but. to
minauon by their high appreciation of Mr. organise a government as nearly in con
Holmes character and capacity ol Iiifffvmiiy with ilia constitution as is possible
iniegrity, amenity on J indenendence. (Thcss arc n:r views, and I flatter mycell
lownrds vhecldse of. ihe.Tate session, I that tney are likewise entertained ; by your
ta large nuaavber of ih most intelligeni and 1 Lxcellcncy; but l.repeat to you thaf my
innuenuaioi me wnig members, at
yate ga;hcring, determined to vole for M
iioimes lor tnocjpeakcrihtp. At that time u .ust m me cnnsiitutionauiy ot tne p
thev did hot anticipate a decided maiority 1 apd t!ut v incumbrnt upon me. of dischar
on theif side. They will, however, have! Ctn tV.u executive funciions of' thd nation
a majority of four, supposing that Mr. Tt.i I by nj s Jf cl jr.e, and without wailing for
bedopr, of Louisiana. may be defeated. I te. r ' vcir.lnng ol longrcss or the council
They will attemrt to ' elect- a wh.'nnJ. f Government, or ihe 'nomination
from whit I learn: I. am disposed to think i associates.
that Mr. Wnhrop will bo their candidate, j Thorny resolutidn of instituijcg from
knows number. of the Southern W!v"thj3 n imnt the National Government
members who are n favor of him. But it may f . il.ps aitract upon me the hHired il
may happen- and it .-always docs happen sot.e faction,- which from the bloody ruins
ihat three or lour whtgs will be at-ont. U tho l;r--. . may raise Us head fitjrL
I could name ihrco whig members v-'.j, I
am very certnio; will not be "present i ti c
opening qi ino session. ihe wiii- nqy
therctore yfet be obliged lo lake up o.a cf
the balance of pow er party. In this case,
some ,6f the Northern democratic men
ber.s are already.dctermined to throw their
votes opoo Mr,; tlilliard, of Alabimi,
in the expectation that he will comm.- r J i 1 ' - I I a!I retire to lament ihe
the Souihcrn Whig vote. In any event, I fl3 cl ny c -ntry with no olher solace
ihere is no chance for the election cf any ih.an the trnrquilitj of my conscience
anti-Ualhoun supporter oftHe adminUlra- lourl.tc. ry will acknowledge thai
lion. ' ' . I ibis is i it.. j 1I.2 nst attf mot at the forma
-I Icarn lhat there is no credibility to be tlon f a K -Jvernment which mafy be made
I attached to the rumor that General Taylor a cur unhappy country and ft awakens
?Dl anu ntan. , uui inepw iu juu inai my
a pri- conscience is tranquil, when I assure 'your
for Mr. Excellency that I have not "the slightest
at time doubt uf the cnnstitutionaliiy of ihe power
to;..-,- . i f r il.e possession of power for
a few diys, which will be tofme but a
martyr Join; 5j;1i a faction may Perhans
-ti.jetL.jrl3 which,tlc nation
ileA make for its own salvation.
'; rrcsenl;ircnt should be reali.
ali have discharged ray duly t sod
fcurvivcj the last convulsions of
intends to return- home. ; He is not ad
vised yie ar Uer-'Tpr.i 0f y3 ln
Uop.S.' Bot should l.c.uk K-avo ofebset:;
from his post, u would undoubtedly b
granted lo him. ' '. 1
The Union of Friday night, has an ar-
tK.ir.un uiv suujrti ci niexican - atuirs, in
which the policy of subiugatin and occu
pying the country is disiinetly avowc as I la thecity cf Qjrctaro. Actively employ'.
a matter rf nppptii: v tint kn!n : , inr' all l-ho means m mv rwiwpr iniITi
t.i i gre-t woik t f politicnf re-organ:za.
lion, Pre, !.-. 1 furnished my coun
try avith s j weak an irslrumentas I. Only
ore con;Jcralori F-;porl me,'andit,i3
I'.is: tl-t my AvV.'-.-'.r-iicn will lasi only
a few days if, as I hope, I can ob:ain s
prompt reunion cf iho Nationiit. Congress
bla evidence of, my disistercc'.r t.::s, and
of the desire which animates ma to excrcisa
no acih?ri:j not absolutely indispcr.silla
to avpid ! civil war or anarchy; ;
Ta give an impulse to my AdmlnliU a
lion in r the cutset, t have appointed tho
Deputy D. Luis do la Rosa, Minister of
Fpreign end Internal Relations, authori
zing him at the sanys time to discharge the
most prcssic duties of the ether depart
ments,' until in Queretaro I can make
the ntbessary nominations far each, of
th$m- When tho Cabinet shall thus ba
formed, I shall direct to the . Republic a
manifesto, hich w"4;t contain a pregrammo
of mji trlrisienl r Aymtntstrati n. Tha
sigoaiuro of Senor Rosa his.been: beforo
recognized, he hatng olher ttmps ti'ed
ihe Departnaents of il" Treasury and of
In coumunhating the abovj ta jo.ir
Excellency, I have the 'hotjor of assuring
you of my distinguished consideration.
God and Liberty.
To the Governors of tho Stales. - '.
Circular of the Secretary 9 1 State
Mi.MSTtr or Foreign and I.mehxai. )
RELAtiorts, September 27, 1847. J
Exctllent Sir His Excellency, tho
President of the Supreme Court of Justice,
in exercise of the Supreme Exccu'iv
power, has seen fit to appoint me Ministc'i
of Foreign a'nd Internal Relations; also
authorizing me to discharge the most
urgent duties of (he, other departments,
as you will perceive by the note addressed
lo you b'y ihe President, which is subjoin
cd to this communication! :.
r By the same note your Excellency will
perceive that the Provisional: President
proposes to.issuc, in Queretaro-when his
Cabinet shall have been completed, a man .
ifesto containing a programme of his Ad
ministration. It! ihe mean time his Ex
cellncy deems, it fining to submit briefly
to iheGovernors"of ihe States,-and through
them to! the lionorahle Legislatures,, noma
of the prfnciples by which his policy will .
be-directed in . the provisional exercise of
Supreme Executive 'power. . , ' .
Ihe relatKvns of the General Govern-
ment of the Union with the Governments V
of the 1 Slates will be conducted wilh the
utmost frankness and goyd jfaith. . Noth.
ing will bs more grateful to his Excellency
tne 1 resiacnt man to preserve r irrrtonv -
and gfiod understanding between ihe Sup.
feme authorities of each State Iiarmony
without encroaching upon thro constittfiio&v .
al powers of the Stales, wilt only require
of them, in support of the constitution,
thai submission and respect which is the
basis of the federal compact, and without
which iheSupremc.Gov of the . Union '
would be impotent to maintain theNaiiom ,
al Uniou ai home,rand yet more impotent
to make the nationality of Mexico respect
ed abroad. The IJresident will not con
sent himself Wilh merely respecting, as it it
his duty to do, the independence conce.
ded by uhe coosiituiion to each State, re-
laiive to its internal, administration; but it
will, be gratifying for him to learn the
opinion ol the supreme authorities1 ofihev
Slates Upon, grave political questions at
the present epoch, and to govern his ac
tion by iuch opinions legally expressed ifl
the difficult measures which his Administro
tion'will be called upo to take. Carrying
out . iheso principles his Excellency tha.
Provisional President confidently relies
upon ihe most efficient ctf operation of
vour Excellency, and all the States, to
sustain'the. independence and nationality of ;
Mexico, to preserve from every assault -Ihe
federal institutions whateyer may be ;
the danger and the gravity of circumstan,
ces, since, recent events . have, led to th
occupation of (he capital of ihe Republic
by the army of the invaders. All ihe mea- '
sures . of the War' Department,-will b
directed mainly to the attainment of tho
important ends above indicated. , ' . .
" ; His" ExccMeneythe. President rpgards it
as one of his chief duties to facilitate by all
possible means . the assembling of ihe
National Congress, and lie trusts yoair JJt
cellency will dictate every measuro in.
your power to bring about 'such re-umon;
ihat yoii will again invite.the"Deputief from
your Sidle to- repair id ihe city of.Qu?rc
taro; and ihat you Will provide fof their
expenses on' the journey thiiher aftd during
ihir residence in 4hat city charging theio
expenses to the contingent - account!'
Should any Deputies from othef States o
the General Congress be passing through ,
t your State or now be residing thcreio,you
:re authorized to provide -the means neces. '
sary for their journey thither and residence
at tQueretaroyj opon ihe terms already
mentioned.- ; - "
; As the greatest scandal which could bo
presented to foreign nations would ba tha
MguirUi uvir vuuuirj in? uul-u uj a loreign
foe, devastated! by a fortigo war, and at
ihe sameime torn by anarchy, his ExceU
lency, the President, is determined to save
the nation from this opprobrium at what
ever cost; to avoid ska, by whatever meas
ure rolicy and circamfpection can dic
tate,, evirn the slightest occasion or motive '
for sedition; and, if this should not bo
sufficient, l v i determined, with tha aid
of the States, toJrepress every attempt at
revolution whatever, employing for that
purpose, in alt'iheir extent and energy,
ihe constitutional and extraordinary powers
with whici?he is'invested. The President'
cxnects likewir ilni P.iu.
put down sedition, will employ all th,
State, of the federation, let what may bar
t Vim mU fm t -
ua vmsj vj r category or persons woo may.
in any form undertake to disturb dkk-
Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
Nov. 18, 1847, edition 1
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