Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.) /
March 30, 1848, edition 1 /
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vUi n LJL l .O j:uiiLL-' u6 - '. ' '
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PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY'
:s, Litcralarc end Gencml Iracftizccc,
31. WHOLE NUMBiiUIUO.
2 virr r)" t '
T7 PTT.1 in ro!
Two Poll nrrtnnnm In drance; if not
' ;j adrtnee, TiuEt Doixau.
; orJrr for theTir rcccirc ttteallon
M em tecomptniod by the toEr.. , '
H r ertir rticnt will b inserted U O.vk Dou
' M tk Kuare iei lmc or le, for the first in.
-rtion; TwcTt-nv Ccxt Tot ac.l cdn-tnoaaee-
Orer one aquarc coon ted a two, oref
(vm three, &e. Hie number of inerliona de.
(jti roust be rnarked on the margin, or lh d.
rticenenr will be Continae'd 1U forbid,- and
titrfed accordingly. Court Orlcr$ will be
ihirjed ail dollara, invariably.'
Tb eharjre for announcing he name of a can.
JJsU fr ot$ce ia $3 invariably in advance.
Letter to the Editor must come free-, of poat
Jf, of Uey will rcccite no attention. - '
i'J - - -'
The Dflnff Wife to her Ifitkbuud.
' T MART fiOCL M'DOMALd.
v Xliaj tell me life is waning faal.
And Death's dark winj unfurled,
Will bear ny spirit soou from earth,. ,
Unto an unknown w6rld. f r
I fsel, beloved, it ntat b so ' ' . ; J
I feci that even now
ll, hand is on my fiutUring heart,
'Hi shadow o'er toy brow.'
How shall I lcavo UiceJ how resign
, Thy tenderneM and care?
The pressure of thy clasping hand, v r
. Thy blesiing and thy prayer!
Tsreihr we have tasted j6yj
Together wept lit all . 1 r
And the love that was so bright in bliss, ,
In grief was brighter still.: ,
. Wi!l thou riot miss inc frryn thy si'do,
. When twilight's hour hath come? '
Will it not seem a dewrl place,
The paradise of home? ' . . i
Then gather clooc, with brooding love,
Our children round thy knee,"
Aad wipe with tondcrusA hand the tears
i Vhich they will ihed for -pit. ,
And soothe c'arlrliUlo thr.ibrflng heart
That asksftir Hie- Tn vnin.
And say, that in the far-off heaven
Thur mother lives again.
.Unk not my natnu with thought of death, y
But point them to the ky,. ?
And tell thrm, in the Aettt-r Land1'-
They neither wctp nor'jJle.
A',9 with them to their loncty'coucfi,' ! ... ';
At evening's nhnt close, ' .. . -.
And softly iress each pillowed check, .
' ' 'And huxli llie'm to iqnisc; .'.!',
Or bid thoin knetl, Willi cU-ped li&nds,
To lup their evening priijer:
Tiou muxt unite a father's lata -With
all another's care. ;
A mother care! a mother's loVe!
And must they, never know
How deeply ii Ifrr "heart of hearts'
A mother's love mav rlow? ' ; ;
Will they yet blooht in girlhood fair,
Vi hito she who gve tlrtm birth-.
, IjissTall forgotten, far away,
In one hna spt,of carlhT
rwrgoltcn! no, b loved ono'nol
' Thou wilt remvmbei still .. , V ,
llie being who hath shared fhj lot. . ',
Alike in good of ill. ' '
Thou wilt icmenibci all her love, -
With faithful, 'fond regret; ',
And but the faults she could not hide,
Tlfy heart hi'.I fe'er forge t.-
And.thou wilt comff-tcrthat lone spot '
Where the green willow wave, ..
And lead ur children's liiry feet
"AniS the qunt graves;
And read for tliein-thc" sculptured stone .
" Urief record of my life
Then say how . faithfully I lored,
As mother, and as wife.
..... - .
How can I say farewell to ihec? T
.How mark tliy hitler tears?, ; ; -liook
tip, beloved, wc only part
o For a few fleeting year; '
They will roll o'er thy darkened path .
Swiftly. a shadows flfo, .
-And in a world of holier love .i ,'
Will our bkfsed ruectmg be,"
The Ulasphemcr Icstreyctl:
A few -years since, says a' writer rtonUy
knotcmg the etent a party of ladies set out on
donkeys frm .Margate," (Eng.) Jo vfSil a. place
a few iniki distant.
The animsU'wcre driven 'bv the owner of
thcint h ho had enliccd a fine Vounj btv, the son
f a pioui 'mother, to accorjipany Turn by way of
tmuHcinent.' hen about hall ' way , ilie party
were obliged to have recourse to a farm yard
for stutter, in const'qnence of a violent storm of
umndiir anc lightning. , , .
Tiic owVer, dileat d at bei.ng stne time de
Uincd there, resolved to qu,it the party, -and
rrlucn. with the animals to Margate, exelainu
ig. as he left the pnrt)V"D -alHhe lightning!
U shall never prevent me going home, - i lie
tiprcsMou hardly escaped from his quivering lips,
'lic ho was in a moment struck dead on the
Pt! The boy was much burned from the cle.
trie iiuiii. ami. tikpn home to his mother in a
state of insensibility. . : v
It is a remarkable- HcircUrastartce that,'appre
henmv nf iSa tnfct nf her child's ncrson: his
- 7-. r . , .
mother was engaged in devotion and prayer to jo'J
for his preservation.' : -
Lvrr., xxiy., 13. 16,-And the Lord spake unto'
Moms, Baying', He that blaphemeth the pame of
ui lx)rd, he shall surely be put to dcatn. . y
God Dora a nart. and the fSlniicr
Mi itnii zi iiurl:
rn Vir-nr ihi crntinicnt from a class of
profewors, who, if they give sufficient evidence
of a work of grace on the heart also evince a
muddy head. The sentiment? is happily illustra.
t'd m theJollowinjr, anecdote: ' ' ' . .
&ime ream am-i in the coUntvof C
nd state of ew.York, a man deficient in good
cnse.oflercd himself as a candidate for baptism
nd church fellowship, professing to have been
recently convcrti d. He was ocrmttted tq relate
hi Views and fHrl'mfs to tho church, but the
brevLri'm knnu'mrr hi unfortunate situation, felt
"rn? hesitation. duubtinr whether he understood
ha had mtH: Aftef aome pause, one of
le dearmui aniil Vr isaramv. who did this
ork of which vou have told us?" "Why1 said
Samuel. I did a Dart, aod God did aplrt,, "Ah
nd what nart did vou do. Simmy?" "Oh, God
convicted me that I was a great sinner; I fought
-sainsi him with all m mivhL anC . ue aia au
the rest." 4m. Dap.
A correspondent of the Whee ling ( Va .) Times
fivei that nancr a Statement of a female in that
'icinity who, at the a;e of eighteen, married a
widower, the father rn-jwreert children; at his
dfth. lie left her the mother of frv more, She
sfterwarde married another widower having
children; at his death h left her the mother of
'ics more; and the day she became forty-nine
jetra old, she married another widower, having
t children; ao that at fortr.nine we find her
toother and step-mother of fvrty fict children,
nsof whom are grandfathers end grandmoth
ers. . .
' r MJ. ien Wort U.
HtS MIUTAHY. CHARACTER AND 8ClVItES.t
genera! William J. Worth isaid to be
the' handsomest and most RoUierly looking
officer in the arniy; Hi. height U over
si fett,-ftnd .his person Commanding.. On
hofsfiUcklie present, a fTguro of unequal
led grace. His nature is somewhat im
petuous, like many brave and frank men.'
Hp'is exceedingly popular among hii sol
dierj.i As one of the heroes qf Monterey,
aii the victor at Molioo del Rey, his name
will go down to v posterity second only to
thttof Scott and Taylor!
.'Worth, like nnny other able men fa
tl3 army, has risen from the ranks.' He
began life as a clerk,in a mercantile house
id Albany, New York, the latter being his
native commonwealth. On the breaking
out of the4 war of 1812, however' fired
with that patriotic aidor which j a lead
ing trait in his character, he enfisled as k
common soldier,' 1 Another clerlr was hh
CQmpanion. , Fortunately for Worth, his
friend soon committed some indiscretion,
for which hVwas placed under arrest. lo
this emergency he applied to Worth, who
undertook to' write a,etition (or him .to the
Gilontl. .... This -officer happened to : be
Scott, who, struck with the .elegant 'si) re
of the memorial, enquired the nam of tlte
writer, and sending for him, made him Hi
private S! secretary. He procured for
Worth thn commission of a : Lieutenant in
the 23d regiment of infantry. .-Fnun m
;ho.ur up to their: unhappy difference-- i
Jlfc'xico, tho closckt intimacy e listed to
"jwecu Worth and Scott. - .
- In th battle ofChippewai Worth proved
the correctness f Scott's estimato of cliar
acteryby signalizing himself especially;
and was cone'sjui-ntly rewarded with .the
rank of Captain. ; In the battlo of Lun
dyVLnne, Worthy alter eovefal hour of
hard iigluiog, rlceivcd a dangerous wound
Ir) consideration of this he was raised to
tlie rank of Major, t 'After the pcsci, he
was,-(or a considerable period -buncruj.
tendent of the .West Point MilitaryAcsd.
emy, a pot which is always a guarantee
of high ability on the part of the occupanit.-.
In lbH4 h was appointed a Ldcut; ,Cj1o
tiel; ia 1832 r Major of ordnance; hud in
loos, vunjuei ui uie oiu jrgiuifiiu ohii
fantryj which is the rafik he stitl' hoMs in
the lino. Subsequently. he' was'r.iiHrd sue-
reeively to the brevet rank of Hrigadier
aod afterwards of Major General, tlic first
sfir hitj rritlantrv iri ' liuv Florida wnr. llio
' J1at for his brilliant conduct at Munierev.
Y hen Tajlor, 1 wii;g9, and Worth mot '
at Corpus Cliristi, before the Mexican war
broke out, a difiioulty aroso as. to woo
hould command in caso of Tuylor S; a"u-
sence. i wigga claiuieu it, tnougti only a
cotonel, bocnustv ah oldr colonel than
Worth.. The latter claimed - tt also. ; bc.-i
cause a breveted "Brigadier. ButvTwiggs
asserteJ that a brevet conferred no'.. right
tb outrank a full commission, The mat-
ter. was referred to Tay lor ' w her a dppt Ln g '
tho rule laid oown by Jackson, leciJyl a
irainst Worih'. ijOn this, Worth, follow
h-oarins : tho -iutellienco : of : whidh
Worth recalled his ffsignatiou and nj'nn-
ed'tlic army. Evcfy ono-knows how gh
tantly he fought at;.Monterey! lie was re
warded for that bloody day with tho brevet
rank of Maj. General. , ' ;:
When if ws determined to besiege e
ra Cru?!-. Worth. : wiu most of the other
G e n p' r a I s , ' w a s d ot ac h e d fi rom ' Ta y lo r V a r-
my, and placed under command of SjcOtt.
At tho landing, at. Vera Cruz;, Worth, com.,
mnnded the first di vision, . and took the
lead consequently, in leaving the' ships.-
Having efketed his dtsembarkaiipnMni the
face of the enemy , ho drew up ,is; Croop
in gallant style, and awaited the'arrival of
othor division. On tho capitulation ot
Vera Cruz, Worth was at tLj convention
that dictated the articles, and whcn . the
city was taken possession of by the Ameri
cans, rodo in advancer nt tho' head r of a
brilliant cortege, into the public square.
fie was now appointed Governor of Vera
Cri5s. '.When the army began its march
for the interior, the van for a while, was
.under the command of Twiggs, ; bJt "sub, j
sequenily , it fell to Worth again, who was
the first to enter t ueoiain consequence.
It was at this city, that the unfortunate
series of oiiisunderstaadings between him
and Scott arosei which have -interrupted a
friendship of thirty five years continuance.
This is not , the 'place to canvass the.a-
mouht of Wame rightly belobging to.each
party. Both, perhaps, have been ; some
what in the wrong. ' -m .
At vhe battle on Contreras, WTorth was
riot present the hero of that day was Gen.
Persifor F. Smiths, But ai ChurubucoV
bis' division was engaged auhe, tclc'dy
point, and fought, under his own eye, with
astonishing intrepidity. It is the charac
teHstic of Worth that he can inspire his
soldiers with a portion of his own ' head
long valor, and thus secure vfttorys. The
march around the southern side of Like
Cnalco waflf suggested by Worth j to. wjrpm
the practicability of the road was commu
nicated by Col. Duncan, of J Worth V di
vision. " The change in tho route of he
nrmv thus induced, placed Worth again in
tho van WThen Scott determined tostorw;
filino,del Rer. he committed the almost
rate attempt to Worth. , Owing to
an insufficieDl reconnoisance the loss of the
.Usmltincr V, cblumos was immensejthey
were even repulsed at first, and would' have,
Wn Seated but for the arrival of, Cad
sl"Hfr Avhh the reserve At -Chapulte
pec the storming party was principally e.
lected from WorthV andj Pillow a regu
ing a precedent set by Scott, remind bis ,atchway,' nod ,bn killed almost instant-
b',-- iyi no waicji were caueu -ia una unm
Dunng'his absence the battlci of AU ' p0or w retch was taken to the watch houoi
jto-and Reseca de la" Palma worn fought; Iinfi nhv-irian rn'r for- m ihn hoik-
Throughout the aLJ.; v , r, Worth has
carried himselfia tho Ct 1 i v..i:i a epUo'did
gatUmry th-at t.ns fascic&l.J the pjpulaV
imagitiation. As en iT.ctr he msy be
said partly to resemlla Murat,nd partly
to resemble Ky;for4.8 has the ddshipc
air of one, with the indomitable courage-of
tno otner! - . ,
From th New Orleant Picayune.
A very slrango occurrence took 'place
some years since in the .fljurishing city of
Cincinnati, arid is ysl fresh in the minds of
many residents there, not by any means as
old.asthe oldest iuhabitant,11 who knows
all Oil rigs. . It is stl!l told of a cold winter's
night around a cheerlul fireside to many a
wondering youngster,' nndihc moral in
stilled into their young minds with grea.
ter forco from the circumstance 'of its "be
ing.as true v gospel." 'Die hero of tho
tale was an pld man 1 named Johnson, who
had lived from a boy in this "place, and fol
lowed a curious trade - for a livelihood.
Karly and latere was seen down by the
river's side collecting driftwood, and toiled
at it so incessantly day after day and year
after year, that it at last became ' whis.
perco about that Driftwood Johnson wa"s
making money; he had invested .his liulo
earniny well-and had rrnli.rd laYP tnmn"
ov fortunate sacculations: but ho still clunr
to his old business! 'Ho. sva"s .mean iii
drv(9 and very sayingair the money he
eer "spent, except for the merest necessaT
riespflife, being for tho education .of a
most lively daughter, forUbe old man had
a wife itid child. vi" At last Driftwood bought
a very largo brick house, of built one; and
much lo tho surprise,' of every body, fur.
oihhed it elogahily and brought his daugh
te home from school to bo tho belle of his
mansion.' It was a good way out of town,
but' he said tho ; city Vould grfiw to it'-so
it has. There was assays something mys-U-fious
about tho old rna n r-f mily; a nil
his wife, who w'as"'a yery :amiable woman,,
had acnre'.worn anxioys look.no oneeobld
account for.. Tho ; beauty-, and ? accom
p'i.shmenls of the daughter Worf brought
her plenty of lovers " who , stghcc'Vand
pitiftd for her. hand; but the fayOfed of all
was a young merchant s" clerk, connecied
w iih one of the most flourishing' establish
tnews iii Cihcinnatf, and sppn to-r become
a partner, Uts suit. pcopeTed, -and 1iH
hoped tci mnke. the daughter of old Drift-!
wood his wife. lie used'to ahink it a very
odd circumstance, that during all'his qven.
ing visits which were far from being "few
and' far, be t ween,1? ho never Could meet
the old man, and all lits inquiries after him
faded to elicit any sHtisfactory replies.,' bu,t
knowing that -the old min was ,what is
geerayy termed "an "oddish," he nevqr
troubled himself much about the mtttlcf. .
. On returning hoiAe to t his- jstore tatevone
night, a fie r a visit to hislnd love ,. ,h& was
horrified iiport opening tho 'duot at finding
the mangled and hlted ing -corpse of a man,
a. strunjicr. '-' IIo hud apparenly fallen
from tho second or third storv through tho
lie -had been dead for hours,1 and thero
was nothing left but lo cndeavor.to find
out who the man was, and hold an inquest
over -hi body.. There ' wjs' no trace or
sign about him that could possibly lead o
a rccogmtiou-'-rnJ, paper, no mark onhis
cTothes, and a bunch of ! skeleton ' keys, a
bo x : of .rri a t e h as a nd a &m u II d a r k : 1 a n
tern were all ial he had tbout him; so
ihe inquest was hold the next ! morning,
a .verdict in Dccordmce with'th facts ren
dered, and the bod) buried, v -The
next evening, upnq. visiting his in
;endedythc lover found the .family, uneasy
pt the coatii.ued absence of old DriftwooAi j
but. ha persuaded them that ho had been
suddenly called, away' on business, and
would soon return. Advertisements were
put rathe-papers, but no cl"ue to him could
be obtained, nod ; people Ml lastlbeliefed
(hat .he, had - been i - mQrdered. or 'carried
down, the Mississippi while gathering drift
wood, and drbyncd. In this house there
Avcre'a' number of rooms- which : haf3 art
ways been. locked and the keys .of'Which
old Dnftyfrqod had) always kepf, and1 when i
it became necessary" to settle hi$ . affairs,'
these rooms were forced open; ard found
to contain -goods to , a large 'amount' of all
sorts and descriptions: silks', satins, broad
chi h a, li ne n s , s h a w Is , w a t che f ', je w el r y ;
in short all sorts ot goous and 'valuables
of every description which had been sto
len in Cincinnati from difiereul places, at
various times,- for years. The' secret was
out. Old DriftWood had fot vears em
ployed pedlars to stll v goods through, the
Western country,' sent thrm down in flit
boats to points on the Mississippi below
Cincinnati and kll of tj cm he had-, him-
self, unaided by any accomplice; vstolen.
The man who was found by 4 the clerk a
bleeding corpse was ofd Driftwood John
son. The clerk however, convinced that
the daughter ot the. old man was innocent
andunaware that her father had pursued
lor vears,: aystm of purciary .and tUcu
ving, married her, and she is now a mo-.
ther, surrounded by rrumrrous lamily;
Truth is stranger than fiction.
A StorUinz Fact. Gov. Bigss. at the
temperance meeting in Fancuil Hall, Bos
ton, on Tuesday, "evening last, slated rhat
the report of the committee oppointed to
inquire in regard jto the idiots in. the Com
mon wealth showed that there were froth
1.20 to 1,300 of that unfortunate dass,
and also the astounding fact that 1,100 tq
1 fiQO of them were born oi drunken pa.-
; A Tela Sazxttc Story.
' The subjoined sdake ory from fho Tex
as Democnt, will compare favorably with
the Sea Sirpint of Cape. Cod memory.
Texas it a great country,' but as the Brian-
imous man said of Mississippi, they have
tome vefy gfeil liars there far a new,
country. ' . y , ,
The Largest S.nAke Yet. We are
no'l -in the habit of giving credence to snake
stories in general, nor would" Ave wish our
readers to bvlieve, from the fact of our
givinpublici:y lo the following, that we
are entirely converted into ; willing' belie-:
vers. 'We give the statement exactly as
i.t was made to. us 7 by Mr. Cruze, wlw re
sides at the stock farm of the Hon. Thos.
F. McKinnyj-oa Onion creek, - about nine
miles south west of this city. Mr, Crbze
states jhat' some time since Fie was inform
ed, by idefienda Mores, a Mexican, who
now resides pt San Antonio that he (Mo
res) had seen about six years, agov very
high up on the Colorado river, a snake or
serpent of such enormous size,", that 'it
could easily destroy tho largest onlmuls
femnd in this country subh -as deer, bears,
palitheri, and even full grown bufTilocs.
It wasiatso represented that' this large ser
pent, for tfte distance offivo or six hun
dred yards Could surpass in floetness the
fastest horse; Tho statement was " cor
roborated by aome Caddo Ihdiansv who
now live oft or near the premises - of Mr.
Cruze, and from their willingness to ac
company him to the place where -they had
stated they had seen the snake, 'HtJruzfl fi
nally concluded to , go with them to the
place designated. After travelling six day
and a' half up the west side ot the Colora
do, thejodians announced themselves in
tho immediate vicinity ol tho. jpol where
the serpenf had-been seen. All were now
busy iu examining for "signs'," and in a
short time they- ciirne on.a Jarga track, or
trail, which evidently had been." fnSde.'by"
something of tha snake kind? -Following
this trail, whieh is represented' by Mr.
Cruzc as beingabout four . feet in width,
they were soonMed tdi a considerable a.
ter hole in a valley neat Ihe foot of a
mounndn. The) then retraced their stepa
(o t Iijp place where ihey had first discov
eted the trail, , whicb they - continued to
fo! lo w ; ti od, At t ho. fool or on the s ide of
the mountain, whieh is about a mile from
ihe 'uforesaid waier hole, they discovered
something resembling1 the entrance of a
overfly to which Ihe trad evidently Jed.
After approaching wiihin about ; six or se.
ven hunirt-d yards of tle moullr of. the
cave, the Indians hiked', "and irj,ststrd that
it was highly dangerous to advance' any
further; and oii an intimation byCruzc that
he was willing to make a farther advance,
they posiiively declared;5 that it would be
iinpussible fir him to escape if. he should
do so. . They slated that some yenrs ago
ihcre was & f ui'mibr serpent ; discovered
high up on ll;d Uiyer, that-1. pursued and
"caujiht: a h India h who had always been
acknowledged the fleetest oJ his tribe and
who could run nearly as fast as a hursH.
1 hey said this Indian had ,the bold or 83 to
advance -.within fourror five .hundred yards
of the den -of .tht snake,-. "Tbe(. fierco . ani.
miil.'on perceiving htm, instanlUy darted
forth in 'pursuit ,5i-nd in a Very', short f time
orrtook and devoured him.- . This thry
stated was witnessed by their chief and
several oihrs who had repaire.d thither on I
the iieejem norses -itiev couiu procure, to
witness -the Indian's .temerity. , After this,
iho Chief cave orders for nono of their
tribe to hunt within -twenjy mile .of the
haunt of this terrible- monster.i ; -, s
r Mr, Cruze; listened to. 'their tale with
some trepidation, but having more Con.
fidence in the ability xjf hisV horsxf; (which
was a fine blood gelding) to take him out
of danger than they had,' he advanced
wjihio about thre hundred . yards of tho
mouth of the cavern, where he halted be
lievmg it unsnfe j to approach, .nearer
Frorrr this position he Could plainly see
hwzc mass Iving' in the 'entrance of the
cavern; which he at once, discovered to be
something having lift; for he could observe
jt slightly vibrate. It may seem strange
that at .the distance of three hundred yards
the ordinary vibrations caused by the
breathing; of even as ptmderous Tan animal
as ihteL could be discernible to the naked
eye in truth, we were of the opinion that
thisparj 6f iho story emanated more from
imaiiinatioii tnan rcahtv. but . wnen- . we
were: informed that the vjew of Jlhe en.
trance of the cavern wis whollv uhob-
struCtedthat lhe'sun bejng on the decline.
threyr the full force of its light immediate.,
ty oaine ponion oi me serpent percept1
blc,,we became less- astonished at Tlh
statement:, and readily believed lhat such
a thing- might be possible, inasmuch a the
cirdumfe'rencc o! the irilile wa estimated
at nut !e."s thfn seven' feel To use the
angoage; of Mr; Cruzer,,it 'seemed as
Inrgfl or larger han the chest of a stout
hore,7" OAs but a lew feevol it Were seen,
in consequence ot its position in tho mouth
of ' the cernj its full length oold not bn
even roughly estimated but Cruze, judg-
ins from the usual length pj snakes.' in
proportion to their thickness, 'supposed this
could, not have been Irsa than sixty or se
venty feet long. From'ihe advantage ci
eh by tho light of the, sun, he was enabled
to dist inguish that the skin of the serpent
was variegated with large pied or- spot
of black, and a dpsky reddti color,.
ine oasao Indiana slated that' it
about mile west of the present den where
they first saw it; this led Cruze U bflieye
thit there v re others of the same kind in
that region;for it was - evident thai the
present occupant ot tho eatern. or some
otner jat a similar description. had inhab
jited it for a great while, a ther? was an
imsaeosc qnanllty of the bone of different,
animals sputtered around its entrance fvr
at least two hundred' and fifty yards. Je
uggsted to th Indian the , probability
that this wai not tb nk they had be
fore seen, aud proposed miking a search
for another; i'Hiis 'proposition wa In
iaoi!y objected to, They said that' in
searching for another tnake, they' might
accidentally come too close" upon one be
fore discovtring him; or possibly , on a den
where there were several, and In that event,
the Immcdiatri destruction ol tho ;whoto
party would be in?yitable, Cruxe, 'hoxs
ever, - was determined upon a reconnoi
saace of the approximate ; country, and
when the Indiana found out his determine
ation, they followed him, i with 'much
fear and trembling.' iThey made a cir
cuit around the mountain, never venturing
nearer than a half mile of the cavlrn, and
using great cauttonji lest they should come
in accidental contact with one of those ter
rifle monsters. No important discoveries,
however were" mad, .excepting everil
othiir trails of th same kind as that lea.
ing to the aierhole, all of.;, which con,
verged toward tho abova , mentioned cave;
Tliis induced the belief that there probably
might be an immense dert of thus huge
serpens in the cavern, which opioion, the
facts as stated, would certainly in a jCdn
siderable degree justify, .
Cruz and his Indian.guides returned to
thrt settlements without 'extending tho.area
of thfir discoveries any further, being well
mtisfied that the upper Colorado, in the
way ot snakes "can't be beaC1
- Mr. Cruze is anxious to gel a qcynpapyj
or hltecrl or twenty well armed inen, muunn
ted on the fleetest horses that can be pro
cured, to accompany him on a second ex
pedition to the cavern. (which he ayi he
can find; without arjy . trouble,) to rrtake
further discoveries concerning this "gen
eration of vipers-" ; tie purposes storting
in the cutuse of two or three week, or as
soon thef'esfier as a 'sufficient number of
men art? ready to accompany him. ' '
Imporfanco f Cducatluc the
Farmer ; c , I
It is calculated that tho division of tho
occupations of mn in the ! United. States
is nearly in the following proportions. ' ;
Lngaged in Internal Navigation,. 23,"07G
Ocean - . 50,021
the learned professions 65,25-1
Commerce, . . r 11Q.C07
iThus it will bo seen that those who are
engaged ' in agriculture are three :. and a
half times greater in number than" those in
all ' other divisiogs. The agriculturists
consequently have tho. physical and num
erical power, and can at any lime control
every government - in the United States
and give tone lo public opinion. But do
tllcyi - No, indeed for. however powerful
they may be in number they are' weak in
influence r and this arises from a want of
proper education. The Eiit-fiTO thous
and, two hundrei and fifty, jive, engaged
in ihn learned professions, are intellectu-'
jurv ntroncer than tne tliree rniiiion. seven 1
hundrea and nineteen thotisaiid, nine hun
dred and fifty one; engaged in agriculture,
and therefore rulo them It ; it Vvere riot
seven eighths; of thi offices'' in the
country : would not be held by lawyers afid
doctors; nor would alt the colleges and
high schools be endowed priocipally for the
rbenefit of the learned profi jm
banners, when will .you arousn your
se've to ihe dignity and imparlance of your
and educate yourselves r to inat
height of intelligence which wilt moke you
the ruler instead of the rult d of the other
professions? Thcro is" surely nothing to
reveof this if you Will only be '.rue to
ourselves. Look at tbeVmilHins annually
throwed awav upon the horri'J barbarities
of war or. the preparation for it,' and the
honors that are awardc I . Vi those"who
engage in sheddingv brother's blood and
Compare these with the pitiful and down
right contemptible sums which are grudg
ogly dosed out for your benefit. . livt-ry
occupation in the country ?pms to be
bountifully 4 provided for, patre that of the
farmer, and surely no oni is lr Llime lor
this iul yourselves -for if you chosrfyou
need only speak to your rervcn;v your
rulers, and a j-eform rngiil to in if stopce.
Ponder these t hires well, tl.ru, nnd inthe
egislatures, assembled this vvitcr, ?
out and demand equal brnctus v.i:h. the.
mast favored of the other professions.
Am rriian Agriculturist , . '
. . .
ELoq.tJi?tCE. ,Fc!lfr cr.izr r said a
country candidate on tlfj firrn for "h
Legislature, 'I an can JiJi'f fr th? -
g?sla:or, and as all gojd'refiulIicans slir.uld
do, 1 will give you my vie v. rf r, .,
and thinj's in nneral. The r-r' ' 1 i
mankind m general, gincf ally pjj(i!,i- nr
most ginerally in f.vor of a, rc; ,.l'.,z a
ism, and so am'L .1 am also jn ivorpf
a liberal expropriation of fur-di for tl ? ro.
fane asswum. I am in favtt.ol il j ix
propriaiing money for Ihe pr.tn.! ft jilt-r
ing ol the senptera. - les, fe!lrr-citzrrn,'
these are my coriviciions nd-if therj r. i
chick-a-ret used in the election, I am tov i
to be electedvto the Legitlaier.
A terrible accident lately oceu'rrc ; I i
one of 'the French fouodries. T!.i ' - -mense
receptacle: for the melted iron v. . j
full of th . metal infusion, when rv. !. !
broke through in the bottom and it ran c
all around tho placcdj seycrl cf
men who werv not able to escape in- Im. .-,
had their feet covered to-, lha ancle v . ,
the molt e stream, and amputation
evcrj case considered nrcessary.
had since died; six were at the h
a critical atate! arid somo t -.,-.!',
wercccafifled to their bauj.;
Speech cf Jlr Duer, cf Hzr YcrL
The Hali'se being In Committea f tha
Whole on the Sta; of the Union, and
having under consideration the bill author. .
iting a loan for 318,500,OOCf
Mr, DuEit said: , ' t
'.Mr. Chairman: Somo lim ago, when
the House had under consideration th '
message of the President, 1 desired la taf.
something on th subject of the Mexican
war, -vl wa not however, so fortunate at i
to obtain th floor. Whai I then wished
to; say, H would not, I topposej ba out of
order fjr ro to ay row. do not
deairo to fatigoo the ' commltte by going
over beaten ground. Mny thjngt Hav
bfren aaid .and, well sid, which, at I
could nut hope to give them either eddi.
tional force or ihovelty, it would be useless
to repeat, rl shall, thrreforeentirrTy omit
the consideration of y som of these quc
lion which have been so ably 'discussed
here; and with respect to others", I ahall
content myself with expressing my pin
ions without, at Vast in. any, detail, dlTtt
tnf argument in theif i support. ;
it seems to mo unquestionable that thit -
.war had its origin In the annexation of
4exas. , It is weak and incorrect mods
ofciprcssion to say . that the aAneiatfon
ltd to war; the annexation hxi war. It if
not necessary, to prove this, to.Tefef to
GrfVut, or Vattel, or any oilier writer on
the law ofnations Il ls capable of being
made plain to the commonest Understand.
ing. It is in the nature of an axiomafid
.truth. It fbllows inevitubly ,frbtn Indnpu.
table faetSj r ;Nono 1 suppose, will deny
that, when" the measure of r.nexatk'H
consummated, Meircq and Texas Were at
war. Whut, then, beenrm .'of that War
The sf parate existence of Texas waa gun
her nationality becaift? mi?Vged In 00r
Unless the ! annexation of Tetai' operated
so as to pfodfirce petXc between Texas and
Mexico, (which is ahsOrd,) the" war con
tinuing, Would continue-only vvith us.
Sirr when we annexed Texa we trnnJted
the ; war.- We took her, and we foot)r
quarrel with her.J" , -,
- v There is another harerf in adiuslihi? th
iffspuristbiliiy fdr this yar, ' thai properly
belongs to the original author 6( annej(i -tion..;
? A distinguislred gemtemap, about ft :
year go tlaimd to be the auihdr 6f. ne,
nexatiori;' ho said that wboteter praise of
blame was due to anj man for" that meai
ure was due' to hrm. I allude' to the gen
tleman ; by whom the negotiation were ;
principally conducted. -4 : There fs one not
Itiori of the blame which a uorjuestiofiably '
i no iiuvjpiD; uiuii niiv.ll innt cen
tleman justified the measure ofUnnexatiorf
is,lf welLfoundedj a perfect justification-;
to the ' Preside ni of...' the lUnned Slate H
prosecuting this yar novr What was that
principle? It is nnVlelt to conjf-cturt. It
.4s ;of record; we find it in the pointed doc
urhents ofthe'Senatp. 'Jo .his "e brfcsporV
donee with the Briitsh' minister, Mr. Cal
houn placcd.hrs'deJdocB of the measure of
annexation on fn ground, and on tbe sole
ground,' that it w us-necessary to protect
and strengthen the; institution: of slavery irt
ik. rtAiVot Sii.i?sTl,i'''lM-.K n. r
Hi, Ulliiru uiukvsi -x tin ytr II9I UUITIII.
ment.had frankly avowedthnt it was fari
of their policy,- wherever they could do
so without improper interference, by peM
unsipn and advice:,: to seek, the abolition -"of
slavery throtgboOt the- world." And
as afitftgomstic to this -policy, Mr. Calhoon '
eppaking not fur hitnell, mt for South'
Larwlina, i ot speaking lor the ; people fof
the United. State uVoWed -it Vo be - tne
pollcyrof; the Arrtftican Government td
prfVnMheabotition of slavery throughout
the world, wherever Jts abid it ion might
have the effect of .wakning Ihe ifislilO
lion within the. United Slates, - He de
chired slavery lo' be .a philanthropic; a hu
nr'Bfie irtsmution; ibnt it irjiproved the con
daionof Ihe 'African" ruce, morally end
phjsically, savmg them.fiorrt idiocy, patfr
pcrism j and insanity. And he laid it dowfl
ftsa principle" th.it it wa unsafe to slavery
within thfc ; United. State to permit any ;
slnTefioldifg Stile of the Union to be bor
deredbya foreign-Sijaie in which slavery
did not. exist. Now, air, when Texas be
came n part uf the Unimwith Mexico!
free Staie,upbn her border, was ft not
as much the duty of the Government W
j)rotrct slavery in Texa as before in Lou- -itiana,
of Arkansas! If ilr. Calhoun wa
justifiable m' jtuing to war with Meiifo (a
esuiblisri.slavtry ip lixas, is not 31 f- roIK
justifiablein praserotmg that war for the
purpose of f stab'ishinj' slavery in M.exicol
Nor doc it a'op htr; but upon Mr. CaN -Vmni
pnnciplu, we must gw on, makiog
war, annexing, conquering, untif we have
introflurt-d sfayery into tytry Iree rrpuk
he of this contitwm '
I make these remark IrV fitf invidious1
:,rl twaEfs jh dttirjiuishrd man trj
whom I have,, alluded, but- because 1 be
Jicvetherrr just, and Hup, and , imporlf cf j
and because', further, I .belietr it due ta
the great Whig party, which wm, in the
xnairi, and front the beginning, the consist
ten' "rponenl ol aunexdtion the fruitful
(f'allou woe;" because I brliive'
it c',. ? : thal'party thatjhese. fact hould)
I - I ' f.r.h, dwtinrtly hnd "prominently,
! ; u cruntry I ihink it also-Josf for ,
,y tl'.dt I have no idea ihat Mr. CalhourJ
desired r intended ctuat war wih Mex-
io, or that he intended or desired th in
troduction of slavery in V Mexico, jotlihf
r pect I think bat be va il'oicaf, ndli
-i nk' frorn the, legitimate stfonsrquoncef
! I is owe principles. 1 believe him tolV
t fi lend of peace. His trror roe frocT
. most oi hu errors have arisen, a.
. j , - : .: m- . - - - . - - ,
I iticiKffi I use th" word not offensively, .
out mere js tannticism, t ineooutn,
weH as at ht Nurth a fanaticism which
hit caused him to believe that slavery lies
Highland Messenger (Asheville, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
March 30, 1848, edition 1
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