Tf .; ...... s. - - - --; - ; ; - - - I- --. - r ;.: . v,:. ;t.,' ... U .,; 1- yol. . II.' ' :rT V : " ASliyiLLS. 1 ftC OTISM T. W.l ATKIN & J. REYNOLDS, EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS. t TUKMS. 1 The News will be puUHshcil ircclr. (2 times a ver.) t iTtco Hilars Jh.t annum, in advance; VVr D4Un in4 Jtftw cntts in six months; and TTtw DA'ttrs t the end of the rear. To chtM of lire, to one office. . ... S8.0-1. ; To c!ut4 often; ' - " " - . 1-V00.- To club of Twentr. to one office. '. . 2.V00. The money must ia every iustauce accomjany . the nimes.f . J."JFAdvertIcmr nt inserted at Oi Dollar jor . anna re nt tract lines, for the first. a:iJ t tee n!y kre o-nn ir uacn suDsetiueni mseruon. cTVearlv Adrerthers. S 13.00 per column, or per halfculuma, with the prinjoge oi chan inj tn-tnthlv. ' . r-All letter must be Post Pald.3 POETRY. For the Asheville News. To Little Anna Maria. Playful, harmless, artless child, . Thy virtues are nntold; . Thy licauty's that of Hovvcrs wild, Th) vort!i is more than gold Unsullied hy the pomp of .pride, Thy actions all admire; Thy faith and loveare wondrous wide, Who would not them desire? Thou lienor hast tried the cares of life. Nor thought of vile intrigue: No, thou hast e'er been free from strjfe, And ne'er hast felt fitigucv Sweet child, so beausifjil, so pure, - Thy days are but bgun; O'inay they always thus endure, Arid thou be as the sun. . Dec. ii5th, 1S50. A. Evening Rest. r v c . s . p e it c i v A L , L Ijow descends tlh selling sun - Todiug man, thv work is done: t I Vom thy daily labor blest Turn thee to thy evening rest. See! the smiling fruitful soil Thanks thee for thy noble toil: Health and vigor for the same (How within thv strengthened fr: . 4 . i j To thy-liGmj? approactiin.; m ar. Joyful snouts salute thine ear: And a vision, sweet and bright, Falls upon thy raptured sight. . Hasting fortli thy stops to meet. Children glad thy coming greet: . Iovc fir thee, with tender care, .' Welcome comforts doth prepare. From that dear and quiet homo May thy footsteps never roam;. Sweet contentment ever be Hound thy happy family. Low descends the setting sim; , Christian, now thy work is done: From thy earthly labor blest Turn thecjo thy heavenly rest. Earth, whose wo thy toils remove, Thanks thee with a smile of love; And within thy strengthened soul Sin hath lost its firm control. - " Xow to heaven approaching near. Blissful anthems greet thine ear; And a holy vision bright Falls upon thy ravished sight. Thronging round the golden gate, Angels glud thy coming wait: Love divine, with holy care, Xow thy mansion doth prepare. From that holy, happy home Never shall thy footsteps roam: Bliss aniLglory thine shah be, Thine throughout eternity. You Will Forget Mo. " Forget thee! when the valley stream Forgcs its pebbled path; The flower that droops above the wave Each pleasing hue it hath;' n When morn forgets the eastern sky,: . Or noon her glorious god, Orove the soft delicious dew, That cools her fragrant sod. NIf hearts arc held as blessings be, Ttiv memory shall pass fro hi me.' r Forget thee! -'twas a thought unkind. tt " It breathed rot friendship's strain, ; But rather told of fickleness,- V Of vow and promise vaifK'J - " Recall it, for a fiiturc : hour "T 7-r-: God speed it bright ana near! , Shall prove to thee how false it was, mi And I, how all sincere. : For only when I silent be, - , ; 4 Thy memory shall pass from me. The Runaway Match. ' BY JANE WEAVER. j ."Caroline, I wish" you , would remain a moment," said Mr. '-.-Warren, as his daughter was about to leave the parlor.' "Well, papa,. what isitr ' I She strove to loo!; unconscious, biit her varying color and the nervous move ment of her lips, betrayed secret aiiitd- tion; in fact, 'she suspected the purpose of her parent. j "I thought," said Mr. Warren, "that when I forbade young Collins my house you were prepared to submit to the pru dence of iny'dccision. We talked th matter over, Caroline, if remember1, and I was at considerable pains to conl vince voi4 that he was idle, wasteful and I feared, dissipated in shoit, a very un fit person for any woman to trust hei hanniness with. You silentlv arrcetl 1 - - j t. to what I said at least. vou said nothJ ing in reply. I fmcied Iliad persuaded f-'ou, fpr I thought your own goodsenseJ to which I appealed, would see the mat ter in a light similar to that in which vour mother and myself beheld it. I judge then of iny inexpressible pain when I saw you walking arm in arm with him in the outskirts of the city to-j day' 'j lie paused, and Caroline hung down her head abashed. "I was not mista- iccn," sue saiu to neiscn, u was pa whom I saw."' Mr. Warren waited, for more than a minute for her reply, but as she contin ued silent, he went on. "Xow, Caro!in?p-.-Kiid he, "I wish you to look 011 inas whit I am the best friend you have in the wo: id, and one who .'.tVuo motive, mueli less any wislt. (ordvi.se you wrong. It is a 'mistake f people, especially of those of yom s. to suppose mat parenis wisn 10 ty ranize over them in the atl'air of mar riage. Believe me, nothing is general ly further froai a parent's thought. It is not unfivipient, indeed, that a father -liilers from a daughter as to the wisdom of htr uniting herself with a certain suittir, but i:i such cases the father i nine, limes out of ten right, and the child twrou'j. Thi? p ii.nt, fiom his knowl edge of men froai what he hears in ill j street, ant from other sources, nsu il!y .iniv'i's at a jus! m; ' con-!us'itn les- I oeetiiir a youni: m m ciiai-actrr, man I 1 daughter, who lias little or no meam t .ascertain lire; m1 num. in toe cas. t" thisyoium .ll 111. 1 know linn to b xtravagant, idle, oecesionally intem ,ierale in his habits, and head over ears in debt. Besides, this, he has a violent temper. 1 beseech you, Caroline, do not giveVay further to this-infatuation of yours." As Mr. Warren spoke, he approached ais daughter ana took her hand. She hurst into tears, looked up in his face ind said "O'.i, hnt papa, I love him. and he loves me; he says he. will throw himself away, if I do not marry him. Surely, surely, I can, I ought to reform iiim." M r. Warren shook his- head. "Caro line," he said severely, "this is sheer tolly, miserable mlatuation: Ao wo man ever reformed a man whose princi ples were so loose as those of Collins; a wretch, who in hisown words will throw himself away if you do not marry him. Listen to my words, child, for you are weaker than.J. thought, and I must rule where I would preter to persuade: If.cv er you "marry Collins, from that bom this house is closed against you." The tears of Caroline flowed taster. M". Warren, after a turn dr two across the room, softened again, and addressed her in kinder tones "My child.'' he said, "I speak thus for your own good; I know, if you rnarry Collins,, that you will regret it; audi would by interdicting it, spare you much futu 1 e sorrow. I will not urge you to unite with any man you do not fancy, however excellent I may think him to be. This I promise you: and on yom part, I shall expect yon to give up this acquaintance- lo-monow I will look tor your promise to this eliect. Go now, and think of it; I am sure you will obey me." He stooped down and kissed her ten derly; and then Caroline, still weeping, rushed from the room. , But was-it to think, as her father de sired, of her duty? Alone, in her chamber, she recalled, at alternate-moments; the words of her parent, and the hisidious persuasions , of lier lover;, and alas! the latter had'' most influence with her. ; , Caroline was not. exactly a weak girl, but she had fallen' into a bid set at school, and derived from "it many hurt ful notions of a child's duty to its par ents, especially in a case of supposed aflbction. . She had read, not good "novels,"- but visionary romances; and these tiad strengthened her mistaken ideas. Uer present suitor was a handsome lib ertine who kiiowing her Jather to be rich, desired" to possess the daughter's hand, as -withjit went a largo fin tune. The finished manners of Collins had easily won her likingfor wo cannot call it love and imagining herself to be in a similar 'situation to'her favorite heroine she regarded the oppesition o her father as oppressive and unreasona ble.' '-.' ,, ; i,: ; . ;::V: "t ' - r ' That very 'day her suitor had urg?d her to elope with him, and she had con sented to do so. But her. parent's kind expostulation had 'now for.a tinicf shook her purpose. Finally, however,. the van- and at tlie dead home forever. c say left her liome, for slie never had another. Mr.; Warren proved "true I to his threat, and was the more inflaxi M V ble because Caroline had eloped on- very night he had pleaded so earn e with her. :Ielt me witii - inv still warm upon her cheek," he "she preferred another, and a stranger. to me: she treated mc. not like her best friend, but like ,an enemy, and hence Yoith she is banished from my heart." . Yes! she never again had a home. Hcl husband tool: her to a hotel, where they remained several weeks, hoping daily to receive a summons from her father; but as 110115 came, they!, were forced at last to retire to a cheap board ing house. Jlerejauiid indilFerent soci ety." Caroline, who ' had been tenderly nurtured, learned s'oon to feel acutely the advantages of which she had depri ved herself! and learned to long for hei old home. . ; If her hushand' had really loved her: or if she could have continued to per suade herself that her father'had been unjust, she might have fotmd some alle viation in her altered fortune. But hei ! .liisbaud, angry that her father was in exorable, now began to punish' Caroline for her lathers firmness, byaieglcctimr aer: and left her, evening after evenine;. to amuse herself, while he , spent the hours at the billiard table, in the thea tre, or with some gay friends over a bot tle or two of win-e. It was now that Caroline saw the correctness of the judgment which her father had express ed respecting Collins. She not. only" learned that he was both idle and a spendtinift, but discovered that he was intemperate, passionate and unprinci pled. Often when he became excited by .vine, he would address her in a most niel manner, cuarmng their present .) oveny on ner, or ramer on tier 'nicr I .1 ' - ardJy Ciithcr,' as he called Mr. 'Warren i.i hei face. At last one night he return ed in a violent state of excitement from me iiaming table, where he had lost .argelv and finding Caroline weep in sr. struck her a blow 111 a fit ol passiou.that felled her to the floor, where she 'jay jleedmg. And this was the end of her dream of romance! Into this slavery, intojthis leep degradation had her vanity, led ler. Ashamed to tell the truth and throw herself on her father for protec tion, she endured for more thana yea;, every variety pf insult from her hus !:ind; her health, mean while, consu ming away, and her spirits, which had once been so high, utterly broken. Oh, how often she repent ?d her folly. How, when she heard of others of her sex forming clandestine marriages', she would shudder and exclaim, "Alas! the chances are that they will be miser able as I am. Can they not see thpt the man who persuades them to disoney persu their parents, shows in that very ihing a want Of principle that promises! little for their future happiness" But the cup of her misery was not yet full. Slie had been married litkle over a year when her husband left her to visit a neighboring city; and though she waited - his return long after the prom ised day, he never caiiie. At last a let ter from him was put into her hands, and the missive announced, in the most unfeeling terms, that he had left her for ever. She sank into a swoon and lay. for liours before she recovered. When, she retrained her consciousness, it was to shudder at her condition, for she 4wns penniless, witb-'board for many weeks due, and not a friend on whom she could call for the slightest loan. Suddenly the pa;rii)lc of the Prodigal 'SonVam'c up'to ner memor). 'I will arise and go to my father," she said, humbly, in the words of that beau tiful story; and, with the exclamation she went foith; to seek her bonis anfl sue forgiveness, heart-broken as' she .was. It was snowing fast, hut she did not heed it. She had thrown. on a bonnet and a light shawl; but had forgotten to change her thin shoes, or to assume a cloak. The melting .-flakes penetrated her slight attire, but she hurried j on, breasting the wild tempest. 7 ' She arrived'at last in theproud square where her father Jived,"and stood a fev moments-after in front .of the house. The window ,s1i utters- were. still open, though twilight had set in, and through the curtains the ruddy glow of the fire within shot athwart the stormy night. A sharp pain twitched her in the heart; she lelt pairi; and staggering"upthe steps just managed to pull the bell;" when conscious'iess departed from her. ' - jTha servant who answered the door, started and cried out when she saw ap- e parehtly . a' lifeless corpse lying on the f ! tep, with th; fist falling enow rapidly 0 and Mr. and iMrs. Warren, who Were sitting, by the parfor fire, com- iriVout to learn the catise of the distur bance, staggered to behold in the ema ciated form, their disobedient child. ' They took her in, they wrapped her in warm clothing. -they laid her on her kjne re died. 4 This may be thought a fancy sketch; but ir is not. It may be thought an ex cessjve case, it is not that either. . Caro - j line Collins, or Warren, as we would victims of runawav matches, who drag: rag the out an existence "so-miserable that crave itself would be a relief.X But as the Scrmtlfre mipressiv.ely says tnev mat sow tne wniriwinu, snau reap the storm; - y Randolph, and Clay. INCIDENTS'O'F A D U E L. We select from the bioo-ranhv of John Randolph, by lIugh'A Garland, tlie folA 'r0 Noarm l1" otwitnsta.wing jtne ansur-. Jltyof the "code oi honor,'1 as it is most 1 ao iiieu. no wiuisiaiit g 7.11U axsur- any 01 me "coue ui nouo,, as. 11 ui "U1U,7 icx.ixcu, i.ic iuiiuw u5 a eotmt sliows traits of .innate ..nobleness of character that will be appreciated by U, I . . .. - crood and sreat men: . " The flight befere tlie duelr saysGeil. James Hamilton, of South Carolina, "Mr. llandolpa sent for . me. I found him 1 calm, but in a singularly kind ."andcon fide'nt mood. He told me that he had something on his mind to tell pre. He ithen rernarked. 'Hamilton. T have deter- ' mined to receive, without returning. Clay's fire; nothing shall induce me to harm a hair of his head; I will riot make !iis wife' a widow or his children. or phans. Their tears Would be'shedover his grave; ! but when the sod of-Virginia rests on nay bosom, tlirc is not in this vvide world one individuar to pay this, tribute upn mine." His eyes filled, and, resting his head upon his hand, we remained some moments silent. 1 I reV plied, 'My dear friend (for ours wasj-a' sort of posthumous friendship, bequeath ed by our mothers,) I deeply regret' that you have -mentioned this subject to rrve; for you call upon me to go to the field and to sec you shot down, or. to assume the responsibility, in regard to your owni lite, in sustaining your- determination to throw it away. But on this ; "subject; a man's own conscience and his own bo som are the best ''monitors. I will not advise, but under the enormous and un provoked personal insult you have offer ed Mr. Clay, I cannot dissuade. I feel hound, however,, to communicatejto Cpl. Tattnall your decision.' He begged me not to do so, and said 'he was very much afraid that Tattnall would take the studs and refuse to go out with him,' I, how ever, sought Col. Tattnall, and we re paired about midnight to Mr. Randolph s lodsiniT, whom we ioimd reading Mi 1- ton's szreat po'em. For some moments he did not permit us to say one word in rblation to the approacxiing duel; and' he at once commenced 'one,. of those delight ful criticisms on a passage of this poet In which he was wont so enthusiastical ly to indulge. After. a pause, Col. Tatt nall remarked, '31 r. Randolph, I am told you have determined not to return Mr. Clay's fire; I must say to you, my dear sir, if. 1 am only to go out to see you shot .down, you must find, some other friend.' Mr. Randolph remarked that such vas jiis deteimination. After much convejsatiohM?n ths1. subject, I indueed Col. Tattnall toallow Mr. Randolph to take hisown courseas his withdrawal, as one of his friends, might lead to very injurious misconstructions. At last, Mi Randolph, smiling, said, 'Well, Tattnall, I promise you one thing, ,if t see the devil in Clay's eye, and that with mal ice prepense he means to take my life, I may . change my mind' A remark I knew he made merely to pre-pitiate the auxieties of his friend, Mr. Tattnall. . "Mr. Clay and himself met at four o clock the succeeding evening,, on the banks of the Potomac. But he saw 'no deviliu the eye of Mr. Clay,' but a man fearless, and expressing the mingled sensibility and firmness which belonged to the occasion. H shall never forget this scene, as long as I live. . It has been my misfortune to J witness several duels, 'but I never saw one,5 at least in . its sequel, so deeply af fecting. The sun was just setting be hind the blue hills of Randolph's Own Vi rginia. Here, were two of : the most extraordinary men". our country iu its prodigality had produced, about to meet III moi lal cuxiiuai. -MiiiiM xatiuaii aj, loading Randolph's pistols, I approached my friend, I believed, for the last time. I to6k his hahd; there was nor in jts touch ' the qui vering of one pulsation He turned to me and said, 'Clay is calm, but riot vindictive-! fcpld my purpose, Harrii I ton in an y ev en t rememtier th i s . Qa handing him his pistol, Ck)l.Tattiiall sprang thejliair-tngger. Mr. Randolph said, TatthalI, although I am one of the best shots in virgiuia,: with either a pis- tol or gun, yet I never fire wuth the hair j I k2her.rieHdes.-J have" a thick luckkm1 covering it: tne ramer can nr, waseauy ueuveieu xium i.Kju u.ic wu,u utpiug given, iur.viay urea by the lreehoiders ana nouseiioiaers oia stly her sutlenngs; and in tat, terrible as witnoiueiiect. Atr. itanampn discharging the respective cbunjties, to nieet:in Cpn-7 kiss death may seem to the young and. nap nisipistoi in tiidair. The moment -that ?ress;at.Hahfax,,oii the-12th day of No- 7 said: ! py, she was blessed. There are others. Mr. Clay saw jthat- Mr. Randolph had Mmbe- 1776,'fofblni.. a-Constitution for iqyeon; whrefJi will destroy. the deh'en cylpf my touch; and the trigger may fly before I know 'where I am.' w Bnt. iVon. Ins great solicitude, for his friend. T;m7 nau msisteu upon hamu? the-ti iser I On -taking their position, the fact turned oil tj as Mr.: K mdolph antiripated: his - pisiqi wenr 011 oeiore me word rl led oiU that he would instantly leave the ground with his friend, if that occurred - j again. Mr. Clay at once exclaimed it - was an accident,5 and begged', ihat the gentleman might be allowed to gooij thrown away his fire, with a gush of sensibility, lie. ijistantly approached Sir. Rar can uear has occurred, I would hbt havejiarmed a-inousMO-;.worW.V - 1 -i fcj, iu,tivcc iuu cuxnineie a pic- te.va pic- -Vf ture to, be omitted. -Returning :r 77 v r. hpw "f. sick at iWrtealhSr-il he weit Jnto the Senate aiaml took is seat in the rear of Mr. Clay. That Irnntlemnn .hnnn mpri nt l,nt tio thok seat ili the rear of Mr. Clav.4- Thatgentleman .happened at . that time to De oti liis feet" addressi rig the Senate -fiRa nlp np jsaid Rdridbtph-- "I waiit tn hr tlinAnk !n" vil m,1 , t-. . . - j. ' II 11 11 Jill, nu,r ,UyAaa u-, .u.a . vitt-y iiitiuswiKiuuiyU-.iua 1 cixxai w J11CI1 were iyery lew, ; ne turned round to ere iyery iew, ;ne turned round to s(e mi jwliat quaver that , singular voice oceededv Seeing, Mr. Randolph,: arid from Iwhat proceeuea. eemgivjr. KandOlph and 1 ai ue waSx in a.' aying condition, lie lett ms place and Went to speak , to him; as ne apprpacned,! Mr. itandoipli said to biitiviiiua ,i. iiimij; IfclllOO- lllV up." As' Mr. Clay offered his hand, he said, j f'Mr. Randolph, T hQpe i you are better, sir?" 'Tsp sir," replied Randolnh . ihfl frpnt onmh with Ji.rr Jnoii mn "I am a dying ijnan, and I camo here ex press I y to have this interview with you," I hey grasped .hands and parted, nev er to :meet mo'r T:. f- . . . In tl Senate? Wednesday. Dec. '4,' J50. qii.ihe Bill for calling a Convention to amend tlie Constitution. L .: .. Mil! Speak kr- It is apparent from, what ve seo uutl hpar, from djfal-bni s'dc tiohs of the State, that, amendments to the constitution of the State are demand ed by ;the People. This, I believe, J is generally admitted. It is equally clear that different ajmendfments awy "desired in different sections ' of the State and somo diversity of opinion as to the ex tent of the amendments, exists amongst citizeiis of the same section of the State. A very large proportion of our felloW citizeiis are deprived of the right of suf frageland have no voice in constituting this j branch of I the Legislature is an evil much! compIainedvof,;"and to ad to-; tally inconsistent with the theory of our government. The basis of representation- in this House being taxation, without regard to population, gives a minority of the peo ple ufi the Statej the controlling power in the Senate, over a large majority of the free citizens of the State. This is also at war with every principle , of equality and justice. . - - ? . 1 ' ,. : y' ' . - Tiie basis of representation an the II. of Commons isijustfy complained of! as operating uiierually; -allowing ueach county, however small, . one member, and appoitioniho: the remairiine. foitv- on e members amongst the cpiuit,;es ac- cord in rding to r euerai population; oy winch inree uiins 01 me slaves aim nee g roes "are counted, and representea people. , . ' ' le as It is also desired, by many of our citi zens, to so atneirl the constitution 'that the judges and Justices of the Peace may be elected i by the people.and the term of office lpnited. . i-! ; Tliere are other-amendmentsi spoken of, and perhaps demanded by a majori ty of the peoplp. -i ? - -;:f'ivf.7.. - Yet we lieari doubts here expressed whether a majority of ihe people desire any change; apd, t amongst those who agree that a large majority demand a c ha n ge, there 1 s much d 1 fferen ce of opi n 1011 as to the particular amend merits de manded, and as to the mode of making these amendments. It is then cei tain that ve can never agree as to the amend ments to be made by the ; Legislature, arid quite as clear that, if we uow,agee; upon any one qr more amend men X s,ithe next Assemblyj will eitherad(rtaior4iii minish what we proposej and tliere by defeat our action. But' if: th'ey' should iiotjj- it is - not probable; Jhat the ; jpubiic ininu would uqmeiea. 7: j . It is therefore proposed i by? thqblil now under consideration to obviate all of .these diflrcuttie in g a Con yen toh o ( t he People byth'eir Qelegatesj to toerrni ne; for rrenisel y es Whetherihey desire-any tucnntiti$Mror atnndnieh:s;vand ife ments: and thits settle at once "these ex citing &ni deliciiJte rpiestibhs:' 1 y I I 'fhisbill,-' o.ri j unrestricted convention , to amend tlie ;Statei Con stitujipn a right that has ne- ver Deen graiuea to tiie people of this State; or rather, a right tha has ever heen withheld frcm them; - Sir, oh rc- icipipn, and said, with an emotion 1 governed imtil 1S35. .with. 1 believe,; a 1 tever fbrgbt, 'I trust in God. my single amendment. l'allowing the" town) 7' ;sir you are untoucned; alter what oil Fayetteville a member in tliO liousei i i 7 rence toi eco dsof jtha first organ i- .. ' JCsii'jJ 1.17 i :FS .mi z ttiou of ;oiir tate 'govnirrnit, it will be found that the lx)dy' of the people : ?i id no voice. All power wasrassilmed XA Ejarlyin thb ycjar 1775, a:dj5rmiite.efdri; Safety, consisting " JoT iliirteeii 'freehold- as elected by the freeholders and house- i : , - i J - : - 1 1 - is;. . 1 J ' i .-, " , V ., , , . - ' 1 -N'l - - j I 1 r i- uuuee 01 jotieiy oruereu jjeicguiea i.ux Hf flfrtnf I f'rrttlrJ thlr fr-ph!oId'(p'ia of tPach county, not ! exceeding! five!frdm4 'each, if I .the State. They met. and, :di constitution .'under jwhich1 the. did form the State was of i Commons. It Will tie remPmhRrPa that l iWc were VnP ; IwqufPQ tho Wntr ! un me y tu oi: August, i .u, tueLorn-' ., Vvtale abides the Vatagualand Wash.7r; ;iiitetoif': 'settlements, 'Bihee- for mirta a part-ij: ington settlements, since to J i"Ti 1CS6 'Now,; in-: p' . . counties west 01 y tins . are ity-onq. This Con Was called Ind held during the enumeration of the inhabitants, proyi' vut ui itiy -itu vf 1 & i t ftvri j, and diaying 110 detl that aehicourity,MWhether largc'or small, should have One Senator and two membei s ih j the: House of Cbrilmons.--; Frfeeholde s! or representatives Gdneral Assem Frpqholdey : 0 m eimer piancn 01 tne, Gdneral Assembly; and 1 ontfvbtit free ho ders. Who owned atlcdst 50 "acres of land ; Avcre permitted to vote for,' Sena 1 tors. Il I I l .! jThese "provisions were according thecourse pmsuecl in tne-Provinc Congress hefdj jiinder the authority the British Crown. Ini that bodvJ t al of ie: G( ve rn or and ,Coimc i 1 appointed by tne ; uiTown composed tne Senate, and freeh old eifs elected the I inembAers of Commons. Never 1111 1 1 1 that Id a y t had any citizen jbeeh allowed to Tote for any yes, from the best evidence that I: call find! o: ject. I . :''Ur thcLsnb- it was iiot then to he exnected that those pare an'd patriotic DelecalteS would V depart atone:e fVorrii all rirfjda '" rm Uovenmiictil which they l,iad lived, and at once sit like down all distinction in te- gard to property- j" But' thjey dip. crant to every citizen who had resided 1 for one vear in a eouiitv and paid a tax, the p ivilege of voting for tfi embers 0 J ! . I i II r House of Commons, ; q members of the." Continental Congress were required j to be appointed by the General Asscm bly. I ' :! - This corestitrtfieu was but an expori- meat, and s nearly .pertera as could jhaye iTlhsnh'jb'xp at the timej and under the, Kurcumstanccs. And especial 1 v whei v it is considered Ipat its. framers hr.d not been acc u stomed to pop ui: l r goycrli men t. I But Mr. Speaker; the ciitcp.mfetanres of t':e country were soon changed. Western portion of the hitate Was rapid ly settlpdii the large ccii:ittcs became us - were mcjiiveiUcnt to citizens t who had to traye fiftyajid-in some stanccsl one hindrj)d mi es tc court!- riiey appliedbr (the-e ablisliment ,of ; hew cup.12 j But this was generally i tr juised inemV jlestthe night gaihthe r, poll Vickl weiirh 1 1 hat the ir u i 1 mb ers woul d .Uye'dntitied themto'r The small ccjunT 'J: ties hid the same weight in the Ilegisla i nure W vUO , van, JLiticjip iJiiiKe, . Buncombe and others haying five dime1 thcirpopula- ion. L nese grievances were qompiain ;e'tl of from ;yeair;:tojy titions:ahd applications for a Cf nyentiou to amend: the constitution. Our people saw nearly all th e old States amendmt improvinff vtrieir constitutions, a experience poiti ted out thp necebsityland propriety pi doings, so. v i J 11 e many new States coming intpMieJJr ion, takinad- i yanfageaDf the rierienco undir thoth- 7 ; er Sfate 4gvefhipeiits, apd keepiii pace j i With the prbgred of 1 opttlar rjWlitsJhad -: .iv i;i .i t:ii in-: iiaiuMJiis uiiui.r wmicii iiur I people labored and4ny?trb every tree wnite cxiiei v to vote ior mem bers of both tiraricjie of ithe L(?eisla!turc and other State pP.iccrs. imd apportion ed the;: Representatives Jn each House cco rd i ii 2 to "e! flee white inhabitants; p f ; according ? itoi the n um rer 01 ; ypie Ihereof 1 'AVttms'was wJtuessed bv-otir epple, ? iidvwasen to: aik well, iind their ltizenslwele ordeilv ana 'prosperous,, lana 1 tnq 1 1a p as wi e jaira;asiyeH admrii'stoedl'as' t'n; j)Ur75taijj.. 'Vip.t. these chands, thef necessity of jsei to;oiK pe smtill minority who had theipowbr under tne cbnstitu t)6&-But it , in the yearlSSljacoiripmiisenadfc Let. us examine tujat tor a tew munUcs, U see what : sort. : of -a .coir,riromise it was, a nd ' how ii wa5"oDtaiheJ.7The 7; . !.-?- 1 ... 1 A ' II. t tate-hocse hal njeh buhiedown, and prcposUipris were limade; feii thi rem'ova.ll H i of the ,seat of Govern rrjent , to Fayette-" vine or tcyalisbiiraaHd it m as sig- 7 - ! jested that . th(e w veiition mightlIayo the yiews of Ivay etteville in relation to the locarioh, jt hey.wotld tdtlcb a-CoHi!em Biit -1 tT1 Hi: ..v.rvr :1, -r -i-r- 4; 1 U 7T v. 'v' iH ' ' '. : H j 'n.i

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