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T 1 1 E W E K Iv L V L E D G E U . i INSTRUCTION OP CIHLDliEX
Saturday,- - 4 - - June 29, 1878.
KATE OF SUBSCKIPTIOX
One copy, "one? year, ' - $1.50.
One copy, six month?, - - - .$1.00.
tiSubscriptions must lm pakl in ad
vance. - - ;
KATES, UV ADVKUThSIXU :
One square, one insertion, .- - $1.00.
Eaeh subsequent insertion, - 50c.
. fcjy special contracts made for larger
RANK , 1). WINSTON, ) r f
liouKHT 1. PELL; dd-ors.
e" notice:- We be
Pfeafd to publish any communica
tions from any person relative to the
yooil of tJi& people btU any commu
nication relative to personal- matters
or tending to briny about a contro
versy will not be tolerated. K d's. .
1 M K. BADGE R, .
. We visited a short time ago the
jolil'and new cemeteries in .ISaleigb.
Wesaw no monument - to George
E: Badger. Alas ! that it should be
&3i The announcement which wc
: make wilh, we hope, call attention
tp thejmatter. We will not venture
tqVrite'orj the suject. ' heSeonle ol
NorthaCarpliria,;inhey have. not lost
tneir pride, vili see to it.that the rest
ting p-taee of tta'grcat and good man
is marked by a fittjwg monument.
TnE Congressional race in' this
district promises , to be spirited.
Johnston county lias declared lor
Genj W. Ii. Cox. -1 We hear other
narar mentioned. There is ,no nse
of asking s hovr we stand. We are
' ; for that . prrrcr . virtue-rev learned,
chrisliau , gentleman Jon. J. Davis,
lie has served us well. Our interest
has been his only care. He neg
lectcd a-large and lucrative practice
for the purpose of serving usi The
people want him again. His elec
Hon is the redemption- orihis-tf is,
Irictj If he should refuse to be a
candidate, there will be no lack bf
men to lake his . place, as the woods
are-fall of politicians lying around
who .can, after mueh persuasion be
induced to serve their conntry.
. Their, love for;Nor(li Carolina U
.great, but thfcy can .be induced to
leave for' a short time two years,
( Before we
issue another copy of
the Lkihjek the glorious' Fourth will
; - t
have come and gone. The dsys of
big drunks and orations have passed.
We seldom hear how the best! blood
' of our rWrees of mingled with
the dark waters of the Catawba, or
how our patriotic sons bled at Lcxt
ingtoii. Patriotism has dgerierai
ted. In the place of the usual ora-
tion aud fireworks usually had at
this place, we call on the ertizrens of
the village to give the Normals a big
dinner. Have large tables spread in
the Campus, and let people from '.all
. parts of the State meet and eat a hi"
dmnerj and rio doubt' it - will- be
hcnhhfnl for them to retire at night
- and dream of little George and the
hatchet, ami think how wonderful a
, thing Thomas Jefferson did when he
penned--the immortal document,
The Fourth of .July is very much
like a bird stripjed of its plumage.
It is a beautiful siirht to visir the
evening session of the Normal School
arid see the learned Miss Coe sitting
on our rostrum surrounded by the
happy faces of little boys aud girls.
It looks as if North Carolina is soon
to see a better day The educational
training of the children of the lan-l
has,be sjjdfy neglected. They are
wot restrained at that period oiMife
when begins that restless desire- tor
Tliey are wot surrounded by the
proper. influences when begins that
wonderful desire to .-become ac
piairited with every thing, andvheu
commences that inquisitiveness 'oi
which older persons too oftn allow
themselves to weary.
When they btsgin school, no care
Js takento select a school specially
adapted -to supply their educational
wants; They lack the schools
with older girls and boys. They are
neglected and consequently , fail of
the &timf!TS wnicw sa.ouid ue given
to make them have a desire to
learn. .They are placed in school
rooms with persons oldar and
stronger than themselves, and they
, cannot get their sharupf pure oXygen
Consequently their health hecomes
enfeebled, v i
No- regard is paid to giving them
exercise ira the open su-nlightand the
bodies are 'dwarfed !
' , In a word, where children should
be most cared for, they are most neg
lected. -But we think there is a
brighter future in store for the youth
of our State. . ; '
At, the' formal School our
teachers arc learning . the new
method of training children intellect--uaily,:'
"Will they go home nd put
this karninr i"to practice?'1 We
truly hope-so anjd then owr children
will become more anxious to learn,
more eager to inquire, more calcula
ted to develop into fis ciiiaens for
the glorious ; commonwealth of
North Carolina. - - .. .
Teachers of the State it is a sacred
trust, this forming the life of a child.
It is with you what sort of a man the
child will make. ,''.' . '
When you go home,bi ii?hten up the
oM dull dusky school ror,u ilake
it attniictive by the addition of flow
ers aud pictures, flood fyour school
room with a plenty of free a:r and
permit God's sunlight to beam on
thej faces of the little; ones; keep
thtm as busy as a hive of bees; 'vary
youir' teaching with songs, good
htoriesr music- and bodily exercise:
teach the childveu to love one an
other; and alove all instil into their
minds a sentiment of morality and p
fear and reveferico for their Creator!
,'Do these and a thousand other things
which the' Normal Sclfool Ifrofessors
Ijavc called to your -.minds1 and 'you
will then just' be eoiinnencirig. to do
good work in the; eunealional . vine
yard. The harvest is'pleni.y but the
laborers arc -few. leachers go forth
with the determination', to minister
!to the educational wants of the chil
dren ot the State;, go forth to satisfy
their mental cravings, and you will
then be gaining-ibr yonr soids a rich,
ripe reward, i 1 ,
SECOND; ANNUAL SESSION.
i Ft:iiAyF0VllTI1 dy' "
Exercises' opened as usual with
redding the scriptures, singing, ,and
prayer by Kev. J. F. Ileitman. i;
President Battle announced that
there would be a social party be
ginning at 8 o'clock in, the Univer
sity library to which aH the Normal
.students were invited. L .
vrhe Marshals appointed were
Meesrs. James Phillips, F. D. Win
ston, Isaac M. Taylor, E. Ljllams,
Isaac E. Emerson and 11. P. Poll.
The divisions were theu - marclred
out in order- to their respective reei
tat ion rooms, j ; - .-
Prof Owens-j was present . at his
recilatiows- and every thiig'p'ro;cs,edcd
as ust?al. " - -
At lli o'clok the school assem
bled in Grirard i llall to hear Prof.
Ladd. lecture. lie said : My subject
is;uOur Professio-n." We are Ty the
inaumiiation 'of It fee' Normal Sclrool
a body of pTOsiohal techersyjiy,. tw8lituo;
There is great ; unportamte, in. es.hh. ('tirst duality "-esse
At 1 1 :20 the clirss in SLafkespeai e
met. and listened to a short lecture
by Prof Page! The time for recita
tion was changed from 11:0 to 1 in
the evening. "The class again Jtssern
bled at that hour,. and Prof Page
delivered a lecture- fully consistent
with his teaching, of simple, pnrt,
expressive English , on Shakespeare;
'"'Asia verv man and acorn panionablQ
one In" this .class even the most
'.drstinguish'id of our. professors and
teachers are content to sit, and catch
"the unadulterated sartiples; of 'our
! " I ! . - . lit;
nmeh-a-d iilto rated- lafiguage, which
ficvr ' in easy and . grricetul; expres:
sions from . this youthful instructor.
Surely never before did we. realize
how utterly shuliow and (Uwdtory
vvas our knowledge ot ourjbwn, na
tive toftgne. ;-- I i .
At 12,, M., Prof. Ladd del ?e red a
lecture on the "Quanfications of a
Teacher." The substance of his re
marks is as- folio vrs ? Tliese thoifghts
on the qualifications of a. teacher re-,
fer lo those - which, ate essential to
teaching, our common
prinifji y sshools,. for upon these rest
the " ult imate results reached in our
;ls of learning."
lishing teaching as a; profession-; let
the 'teacher pss through a course, of
study just as an adept iw any Oliver
profession does. The Normal; school
is tie first.step toward making teach
ing in North Carolina a proiessidn.
Public schools should not be called
free schools;, .they; are uoty siwee capitation-tax
must be paid in oifderto
attend them. We nave lensorr lo be
proud that North, Carolina lias of-
bfered siKii atlvantages for enabling
persons to become pj'oiessionat
k teachers rise Hp in your .pl-aces as
proiessi-onai leacners, prouuj uigm
tied and deserving;; do not make
teaching a stepping! stone to some
other profession ; devote yourselves
to 'it until death V 'lndics, however,
are excepted ; teaching requires a
certain degree Of innate genius ' in
that direction; it is no easy business.
The step to be taken tor perfection
in this work- will be disciissetl nex
time. . : ; . ' j i; '- '.
KiND-EROAUTESsr iUSS" COE
The exercises in this department
opened promptly at 3 . o'clock with
music,-"Sveet Bye and Bye." Miss
Coe,. after KKkiftg a .hasty. review of
the last lecture, said : "And a little
child 'shall lead them." What shall
the little children be SO years from
now' Just what! you makethein.
Nevcr( do in the I presence of chil
dren anything which you Would not
be willing for, them to imitate. .In
teaching children, pictures are very
valuable. 1'aients havo a groiit-ri
quality -essential is' a. complete
knbvvledgel of human natui b. Un
less you know your ovn species you
cannot,1 deal wit h your oyii jspecies.
Aseertain character. I amj a linn
believer iir Physiognomy. The re -is
always a certain kiitd; of nose rippn a
man's face which tells1 voi, some-
f thing about the m:tn. For instance,
...... .. -I I .1 ' nti
sponsioiiity resting: upon thsm. iiM. trum sat u)liss Ooe sitrrounjiieu b
should be 'continually thought ; ofA eveiy child in Chapel Ilillf. : Thi
a itoman i nose, arcnea or
shaped, ind. cartes a . wjh like
tion : a -Crrecian , nose,
. -1 . li.. .1 I " ..
sirai'mi lntucaics giliaih o .um, i eime
incut.- .Tli ere a-re rcry many dulei
cut kinds of temperament, ivnd be
fore teaching a school, every ,ieachej'
should take a' diagnosis of .every
scholaiijstemperainent and teach
them accordingly, Scliool-tjeaGhers
;are ;generilly looked upon as a
secoml-class niece of furnitiird and
anything is too good?- for thm. Thb
is rendered! peYiuliarj'y so becaaise pi
a defect in the teachers,, and if you
a-re a good cue, it will certdinly be
discovered In your teaching do;
not give all your scholars, the same
kind and the same aiuoupt of. men
tal medicine, but vary it acuoidiiiu
to their; temperament. Instil I -in to"
youu pupils eQnliiWnce in yourself.
Find out their tender points,, atid do
not wound them but lnitnor them.
The fewer. Jaws you have,-the; better;
that - is, if they, are well Executed..
The sulliect of the next lecture will
be "Self-Control." ,1 " ,; j
At o o'clock . prompt! the exe'r
cises in thelKindergarten iitj ucuoii
opened with singing.; On the ros
trum sat uUiss Coe surrounded bv
a refined anul elegant- language. At
7 o'clock the class n Shakespeare
under Prof.v Page met. and began
this most . interesting : work. -The
class read portions of the play, and
gave their comments upon it. i, liis
torical Gi-ainmar was illustrated by
wordrtikeln trom, the play, and in
deed one's. .whore, knowledge of Eu-;
glish wa j nf to a severe test. Sev eral
fhings were- enjoined upon the class
to be accoiiipUshed W-iU There are
now 52 counties in tfeis. State lepre
Konted in the school, t They are Or-
Meckleulmrg, Mher Giiilfo.wL
Iredel 1, Surry,; L'ncoln, Wake ,v Jol vu ;
ston. ,'Hockinghani, Moore,A.lexandei!
Davidson. ; Edgecombe, v ayi
Cleveland, Cumberland, ; ltandolphv
GranviHe, Sampson Beaufort, Davie;
Bladenrl Neiy lIknover,.: Craven
: Fj anklin Alamance,:; Ilaniett, ! Alle
Nrhanv, LenoirNoftolk, Va., Clay;
- Dupliii, Pender UoJtimbus, vi?o wail;
Chatham Stokes. ltoberson, Anson,
Burke,; Catawba, itt, Caswell
Richrnondv Cabai-rus, Person, I lal U
tax,' Peiuhrians, ;Nash; .IcDowell,
Forsytlie and liertie.
a unit of creation, au , organized bodr
maufoi' some: particular purpose.
All branches of .learning may be
separated- into three great di visions.
(LL Language. 2.J Numbers , 3. Sctr
lence.l very. pupil must! be taugl;
individually and not collectively. ht
beginning. lo f each . . geography :J do
not begin- in-some distautf land or iu
some; other Si ale, but take the very
plot of ground immediately around
your school house and then gradu
ally expand youi territory.. Usejno
text I books birt tcacU.' your pupil
first to become ihorougliiy conyer
sarit with the jilaces immediafely
arouud your keliool roornvand in
struct them in the distance, direc
tion and heigjrtj of the diflerent 4bb-;
jectsin your vicinity.1 Ilej then ijlus-'
traced his ineaEing by diagrams upon
the black-board, ' and exhibited his
manlier of 'beginning the instruction1
in this science.
. .. i - V ' : - ' i
Among 'the - p-rptuinerit 'men prcs--cut
this' morning we. noicecl Major
Robert B.ngruuny' Opening- exer
cises were conducted ,ns iwual, and
; the miwly-foruveH sections proceeded
in order to their . recitation' rooms.?
At V2 .o'clock le Normal ' stiv-
dents ami a largo :(.niimbeK of v
a ge i s ,assem?ll e I i n, x G( r a i d II al 1
ho'.u' Gu'ik' CiinL rnairs lecture. - -Pi'
IjHttlein introduc'mg hinu said :
Theltas'les of a scijbiar, puliticuiij:,
sciejVtist,,-sollier and statesuiau are
apparently incoinpatib!y(. "with one
'anothetj.yet' 1; haviv ;lhe' hoor to, in
troduce to' you va; inan a4a li-as;
earned air enviable reputation, in
each jone of these IGcik Thomas.; L.
Cliii'nnan. Gen.'1 Cliiigman stated
that his suliject Aviis ' I he hollies
of the- I'osi uve I'ii ii Gophers. . As
' usua i )arMii and Tyndal were de-
molishea fuut t)V .a siujtie ppoeess oi
i Redact id Aojurdum, materialism
was numbered with things that were
and are nut. Illustrations- p,f the
principal theories afgainst ' feligion
renueredihe theories not only lu
crous. but completely -unfounded;
Tiie whole, add ress indicated a
knbvviedge of scientific branches ;a;t
lamabl'e - only by close application.
There isno mail in North Carolinp,
who,. Un' vivried and thorough learn
inggcan cy:ihete AVith Gen- CUug
man. ) . - " ' ..' I;
Al o "tAd'ick, -as. usual, the exercise
in the '''Kindergarten - began. Miss
Every section of the State is send-
iug up the cry down with independ
ent candidates. ,'That is just what
'we say. . If a. man professes to be a
Dt'iaocrat, why does he wish to .vote
for a nian who U ot a' Democrat ?
An iajrpent7rU hopes-to get a few
votes froav hi own party and a good
.many from the opposite character,
and in t!iis way to get elected." Kad-
icals will voto for -an independeiit
Democrat 5miry to cause a rupture
in ibej Democratic raaks. We do
not want any old field colts in our
race. -i-GivQ us the - pure Ilamblcto
nian Dciuocrats. Wc do not wish
any bastard Democrats tp represent
North Carolina.. Give'us tlm, legal
rhild of" Democracy and our rights
I , indennndent. Ho
pui m - . . .
V ; Tie is worku
IIcwilI do anything toget eleeted
He is working lor litmseit.
Tbev need watching. Some of them
tight to be wiwi
We want none oi iuciu.
L Of all the crowded professions of
the day, none at Chapel Hill caii
boast of being more - crowded and
coinjosed of more shallow brain"
work than that of loafing, .Its vo
tmn"s are none but the most despic
able' inignificarpt speeriniens of hu
manity aid we cannot see why men
vlo possess either mental or physi
cal, power can indulge in it. The
great secret of Northern success in
mechanical MH may bo attributed
to the ceaseless energy ami the just
odium meted out to la-ziness antfl
loafing exhibited ainong them. They
will work 'at something it tlie profits
are not more than one cent per day.
However we refer most especially
to the proverbial laziness and! l'oat-
png spirit that pervades our colosed
population. As circumstances exist
at present, every -violation of the lay
or outrage committed is charged? to
tlicm and they are continually1 "rest
ing under the eye of suspicion. If
they would only occupy their time
in profitable j employment and not
min the streets and wear out . the
merchants' goous boxes by sitiing
upon them, ; the white part of our
community would not only respect
respect lhemr.luU also, after showing
a disposition to work, would enable
tliem to get enough to da. - We ad
vise our colored friends to form an
association the object of which shall
be to persuasively coerce every one
of their . rac to work at something
and if they do not, to use slang
phrase, "drum" them out ot' town.
Wh en a man becomes a professional
loafer, he is thorOughlv defunct with
What, can a telacherdo with a child ?
First, they should teach them to ob
serve objects ; of .nature. There is
always a piestioiv in a child's mind.
Legfn at first sunply. ami continue
jnipartmg them instruction.- uni
formly. -Teachers rnust themselves
j be thoroughly jcouyeinarit with na-
Hfiiro Tlmv in list, bfv nnim nt tlu
vastest intelligence. Nature is com
posed of just two things ; 1. Organic
f and 2nd. Inorganic, ill is, however,
'must not be taught children in stich
difficult laiwiuage. : Te.ncli them -to
observe things which have life,1 and
ttiings whicli do not have lite. Give
them simple definitions' of the ani
mal, vegetable ahU mineral -king-doms,
and make them collect soeei
mens under each onei j making cloe
observations, "lloj ! for Carolina t"
was tlien sung by Prof Chas. Wil
son and others. After this the chil
dreii were practised in a short gym
nastic exercise by JNIiss 'Marshall.
Miss Cos then resumed': The mem
ory must, be -cultivated. In cultivat
inghe memory of a child, let. him
memorize a verse from the Bibleior
a piece of poetry every day. This
must be doue'xysteinatically and
regularly. AdrninisteiJ a little at . a
timeX Leave Out s-tniwilating stories
Coe', made a basty review of the pre-ceding-lleeUirc
and ' then proceeded
but give good, tonics, A teacher
order to cultivate, the perceptive
faculties': of a child must be conver
sant with. Ment al j Philosophyn But
any,' Biology; Zoology IMinera'ogy,
Geology, I hysies ;. and Uhemist ry.
The cx.euciseS) therv closed ' after
music. . T ' . .'j -. .- (
The ' c-ntiCrtamment; at eight was
well attended, and thc.wchin-mUsic''
yielded ruivv and then to instrumen
tal and vocal. .In order to diversity
affairs, Miss Cook carried, the stu
dents through a gymnastic exercise.
Every. onc was thus initiated in. the
socialistic department of the Nor
mal. ' !
On'Srvturday morning a? meeting
Of the Debating Society was held.
Fifty nameS'Were enrolled, and many
more arc expected to join.' The fol
lowing officers were elec cl by ac
clamation : F. D. ! Winston, Pres.
J. II Small, Vice Pres. ;. R. P. Pell)
Sec. ;, C..W. Howard,1 Critic. The
questions for discussion will be en
tirely educational m their character.
The classes in Shakespeare and En
glish yere formed, 'by Prof. 'Page
and regular recitations and lectures
will begin Monday.
oeui to be hex- ideal of humianihap'
pin'ef-.s, aiwl j a right noble one it is
Surely the coming generatiqrftv wil'hj,
. " i ii 'i 11' t rr.-t
rise .up ami can -uer lm.c.cu.- me
most (iiovet jfeatuiv, JioAveVer1 was
the collectioii of animare and inaui-
I - - , ' - ' ''
mate, objects made by the cpildren
Flowers, nv'meralsr veel abl ls, cat s
and e ven rat s- were i ro u d 1 v e x h i b i
is the yesuJtig. of their labors.
Appropriate, and' simple (pi est ions
were akef them, by ALss Coe, in
to-iiuine her discourse She iiii
presseii "Upon the teachers the absb;-'
itite neeesi!y of impriutilig upon
the tablet of every .child s mind the
ea of a Siiiireme Being.. In order
to-do' tins-' every teacher should be
imbued, with a deep sense of piety
and a" lull appreciation . of her own
examide. The teacher, so to speak.
thingji to Wvtaught in geography as
elementary yrincTjpics, and these
must be applied fust to youniiumc--diatc-
neigb.'bprhood They arc; 1.
DirectiQU. 2i Distance. t &; Height,
lie-then illusti:vted upon; the blackboard-
a method by' which every
child could peVtaught tocoiistruct its
own scale iVf distances Instead of be
ing confused by' those foiind in text-' ,
books biv geography.-' ' Coh Hotch-
kiss is Of- StMinton, Virginia, and!
like j his i, lowivsiiwv -' 11:0., .Ladd,
knovfS ; flow Jto attract - Uie au .
fUuiiiori . of his njjid.KMiie. Tlieie
is 11,0 rliing 'insipid, in. his Utyle, but
itattniotive, jloicible, aud his ideas-;
are ! j very cleariy elucidated. .'. We-cnii-feay'that
wef are excessively grai
ilied, and no lecturer can jbetter erji
body the two ideas of pleasure and
iiitrubt.on in his discourse, '
At 8 o'clock a ;gool audience as-
seirbled in- Gi rai d Half tc hear Maj .
Bfngh.amV lctira. Pres. Battle.inJV
troduced him in od appro Driate man- V
nor. Maj. Biahaii; after bestowing:
some scattoreal',anU . agr eeatble re
marks iiDon other topics I connected '
:A ith the sehoolj proceeded to deliver.
his lecture, 'lie -did not state' his '
sulyect but perliaps it Avcjuld not be
jiuappropriattt ttj' call . it adiseoursc
jn The.-Clainii ot'Christianity ujibn
kis as-a? Civilixep.-" His lecture em--t)odieshe
following ideas J: As tlrtre
js a,i ' phyWal sin- performing upon
iho human race a' beuigiiauti office,
$6 there J jrf so a spiritual jsim yhose ,
pftice is still more beia-giiant. : Thi '
ic t m ix it tin 1. 1 r .
is a in uUdoi: of t fie child just as ! a
k -'maker is a moulder of br ick;
Ciiiidi en are Ves'pecially iiripiisitty
about plants. I We must at first
classify these things for the children,'
tehded to elicit the. frinomrf-of ob- (. but soon- they iWst be' com-pGlled to
1 uetly lor tliemselyes.
1 fuse their ideas .with the
servation .they had -bestowed upon
the objects collected. Her lecture
was. las usual, simple, graceful, in
structive, aiid exhibited - throughout
the deep whole-soul enth isiasra
'vhieb inspires ; her- to cont
this tt'dioiAS,.' but, not less.
.. ' tlT-:.sja i-si.xth i vy
This morning, in addition
usual prominent men and teachers
present: Gen. Clingman aiWared
upon thej;ostrum.' JVlter thi. frsual
MOIST) AT FIFTH' DAY.
The scuool was opened with the
tisual exercises .j
tluit Gen. Oliugniun would deliver
an address Wednesday at 12 o'clock '
Jveisey, the assistant of Altss
Coe, also appeared hi the Chapel.
This lady is iau old student of jIiss
Coe's, and possesses all the spjrit and
energy other indefatigable instructor.
In addition io tlie usual lecture and
recitation Mr the' Kindergarten sys
tem at 3-o'ciock,ahere is also an-othcr
one during the day in a-private reci-,
tat ion room whpre all the workings
of the system are practically taught
by carrying the children through
different exercises. At 12"
the difiV'rent sections in tfro
School course assembled
Qhapel lor I the purpose of (being
graded. Those who desired to be
promoted from the elementary prin
ciples of Arithmetic, .Geography;
Grammar, vrc, to the-higher branch
es. in tltese de part men t,. were
in sectiomBj and those in either
the foi mer sftctions who des
be drilled in! the elements of
were placed by thenreelves in
A. At 2:15 p. m. the class in higher
English under Prof. Page assemble d
and were thoroughly drilled in the
analysis' of sentences. Things were
literally" torn up, and English in its
puidty and simplicity put to' blush
the awkward expressions of bur
every day conversation. The day
Will soon come, when, -through the
th 9' co-operatiou of our teachers with
the professors of our highec institii-
"I AllCi 4 r LniLn!nH A.T -' n ' -
nuwd, uu uauau unge oi pur uia-
do So u.it e
Do not con
technical terms )t' ayB(otany, but in
struct them hi .this branch in'simple
and unmistakable -language, Eui-
courage them with . a .moderate
nf i .rn ifcn-." M
praise, - &very teacher
should'' possess'"' a certain .degree' of
inventive talent and. Revise origini
-1 l i : . t . -
ways aiut means jior tire entertaui
ment of. their imus.; Always ake
an active .-part in! their aiinfs;ements
as well as in their nstruclionJ. There
are five, classes iu th-e animal kin
dom. .Lead the eUildren- to discover
these b' accurate and continued ob
servation,i and- . when they have be
come. iijde'Iibly. imjpressedV With this
idea, - the names 'wjill gradually be
come iainiltar to.
cises were as usual
enlivened with- niusijc.
;ll The first claim wc notice is tliat
Ithei cbristlau system- of religion is in
finitely supefori to any , other system
t3ver established. This is attested
byjthe confessions of ancient philos--
tpuers8 anu moieiu uiuu&i9 auu
ecoiid claim is its success. I Its' grad-
ua'lj eneroaclimei t has been silent biit
mighty and' its has crept upon us bc:
(oru we can rdajize ii. flfic third
4laini' is that it fias , held1 its position
80-firmly -that the boundary - lines ot"
dhristianity and civil ization. hay ,e be
come Coincident. Other civilization
have' perished becauso oi tiieir misf
taken foundation, 'but this1 Avijl last
Us 1 ong as' the wo rid. I Tho fourth
claim isJLWit th g i ble- is the ! hiost nni
yeisally received classic; in the En-,
liish language. This very fact is j
enough to show its triumijhant posi
tlion" ainong . the great wonders of
progress,- inasmuch as the Anglo
Salon, the, on y j language j in which
it is used as a elassic. is th innst
doWerful and widely spread language
i ji ithe world, The Anglb-SaxQii
getople are the pri-me movers in eyery
to render progress;
aud they are tTte
most ingenious inventors,. most suc
cpssful colonizers and greatest com' ;
raercial people om the globe. ' ". -
'She fifth elairJ.;. presented is that
in! Bible, lands .alone has woinan
reached her highest station. Thc
fernale' sex: is the redemption5 of j
niddern moralitv. and the embodi-
I : . - . m t . -.. r
tUerit of -every good that
i,ise our 'fallen institutions
1 he sixth claim is that
TIIUUSD'AY LaUTIl DAY. , J
To-day sec m-sv to Ijc the' most re
markable since;the opening of tlie
school for lit'erary ren tertalu men ts.
tProtV O wens delivered a splendid
; lecture in geography, to his section.
lii these , lectures Prf" Owens treats;
' his subject in a phitosophical man-'
ner, exhibiting much briginal investi
gation,, much- deep aud thoroug'h
training in his depa tmeut, and" his
style is beautiful and persuasive. r; )
At 12 o'clock Prof. Ladd gave
way - to Col. Hotchkiss who deliv
ered; a lecture . on' Geiograpli v. Wo
were never taken nire completelycclnqu-er and. ji vi
by surprise before in 6ur lives. , His VVhen itfalls
system is striking, arid completely
reyolutionizes the whdle plau of im
parting instruction m this - depart-
meiH,'Wtiicir . has been so long- prac
ticed by pur-. teachers. I It is au illus
tration of that wonderfully progres
sive and thorough plan of object
teaching. .: No systenJ of teaching
the science more th oroughly and
more pleasantly can vpossibly be de
vised than the one proposed by
Prof. Hotchkiss. ' He said .that very
few people could give j a "correct de
finition of geography - it is the
furnishes- tfie on
tlhe civilization t f the; 10th centiiiv
-li.-'.ii- f ..' T !,.;-'
snail not reaen
its- liinax or pa .
liyav. The history of the worhl is
tljie history., of faHen empires The
reason Greece, aid 1 tome ( failed to '
render permanent' their system of
civilization is that they receded as"
soon as they reached- their oal.Bfit"
the civilization bf the Anglo-Saxon
-will never recede. Th Bible is tljcv
contemporaneous force which Khali
kt'cp it-in motio n, and., no obstacle
shall" cause it t stumble. ) And as
lecj, will yield to the inauguraticrii -jtf ' science Ayhich, treats : of the earth: as ; again
Iqng as the Bible shall constitute-
tlie main soring of every progressive.
action in -Anglo-Saxon conization,.
jnsto long vl 1 E that civilization
to our lot to hear a
trulv good leciure, words never'
fitriiish us- an available instrument. ,'
for expressing our; approbation. -I
Such an occasion j was this; aud al
thjough Maj. Bingham has created a
mbsi enviable deputation as an cdu
cat or, no, one-- can deny toJum aii. .
equally, enviable; one' as ,a lecturer.
Itj was a niental treat seasoped yitli
splices of every flavor, history, phi- . w
losophy, science, literature, art, re- -Hgion,
tfcc.J and never did! we ever
hear a more beautiful comhination.; ,
Let v us heair from Major BinghaJtu