TIIK WEEKLY LEDGE It.
.HATES OF SUUSClUrTIOX :
One ropy, one year, - - - - $l.r0.
MJne copy, six months, - - - 5? 1.00.
tl&r.S libsefti t io i is must he paid in ad
vance. . ' " ;
HATES OF ADVElFi'ISlXC; :
One square, one insertion, f - V$1.M).
Karl i subsequent, insertion. - - fte.
CSpevial rontracts maile for larger
ArOTIJi:. Wc trill he
1 ' v " . , -
pleased to publish any co)nitiuniey only by those preparing them
tiois fro)ii any person relative to the j se.lv'c3 for a ln ofessionalicareer.
fjood oj the peojtle ; out any commit-
mention relative to personal matters
or tendinr; to briny ithotit a contro
versy trill hot be tolerated. Pi's.
-rrr-.- .- - -
TO TIIK KKAinCiJS OV Til jC
' ' LEDGER.
Collegiate duties demand thatmv
connection with the Lh.nGi:K should!
be severed. J
In bidding the' readers of this pa-
per an. adieu, I can only thank them
for the kindness with - which thev
have received the paper and the gen
erous aid they have given it.
To myjirethren of the Press, who
have spdken f.theLi:itr;;:i in -words ;
of praise, I return my grateful j
thanks.. . j
.-Readers, Iain loathe to quit the J
pajer especially. at tliis time. ' ' I
. A new campaign has just opened j
anl the most active editorial watch-1
. fulness is needed. The political as-
, pect of the country is gloomy j busi -
ness is stagnated; want and disease
' are, sweeping thousands from our
ihivalric land : drought has parched
yorir f.rojis; indeed the prospect Ibf
accumulation are bad and one must
!e content to earn.a support. .'
In times like these, it possible, I
would-gladly add the weight of my
advice to aid yon iu finding an easier
mode of bettering your condition.
In retiring from tlic, enticing ticid of
journalism to', assume the duties of
the -student, I assure you I anj' deep
ly sensible of the obligations; I owe
to all for the "happy and. cheerful
support the Ledger lias received. '
The paper will continue as before
and to succeed it must have' the aid
of those who wish to see progress.
At some future time I may again
beg your indulgence for the perusal
of my thoughts. j
Y'our obedient servant,
. Fu.vxiv 1). Wintstox.
Is t tii is issue of the Lnoi:it it
will be seen -that Mr. P. D. Winston
has resigned his position as one of
the editors of this' paper. In assum
ing the honors of the "posish," soli
tary and alone,' unlike editors gener
ally, we have no forebodings of evil
m 9 -?
to ourselves, as we do' not expect to
irritate anyLody'st gool leelings, and
if we do so unconscious! v, we take
pleasure in recommencing
such an one to the "Devil." f Inc ui-
lucting.lhc paper, it shall be our aim
to keep dt. at its -present literary
status, and work as earnestly as pos
' sible for good education, agriculture
and l!;c general weUTire'of thS eo
ple. Further than this we cannot
and will mt pledge ourselves.
' Ilopiu for a continuation of its!
present patronage,'; we doff our cap
and take our scat.
i Tin: Chairman ot the Congres
sional Executive Committee of the
Republican party for this District,
Col. II. 15. Guthrie, oflhis place, has
called a meeting of that committee
to; be held in Raleigh next Tuesday,
to" Heebie, what action should be
taken in regard to nominating a
candidate lor Congress. . .
Tub candidates for Congress in
this District, IIon.'( Joseph J. Davis,
Hon. Josiah Turner and Maj. Moses
A. Bledsoe, by agreement, are can
vassing Johnston County. v
The Executive Committee of the
N. C. Agricultural Society have se
lected Mr. Jas. S. Battle, oflSash, as
Chief Marshal for the next Slate
, ' f ' . ;. '
"" . ' '. ". 1 ;. I '; ; - ; . ' . 1 , ,' ' :,. '-;' ' ' . '.--r- ' , ' . .'' i t :, .t ' : .'.
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! "- j. ' '" " - ' . -. - I 4 .44' .4. .-'. " ,. .' -A . . . -
OUU UNIVERSITY" AND ITS
. CLAIMS OX THE SOUTHERN
PEOPLE. ' '
The past is a book which mingles
.with its disastrous events, those cal
culated to inspire a young hopei'ul.
Consigning into forgub tin less the
hie injuries ol ojir civil war, the Uni
versity oi North Carolina can behold
a record, glorious, iiot t say grand;
and if that record, blotted', only by
one short intervention of bad vesuUs,
eairbe salutary in anydegreel to its
present condition i or prophetic ot
near approaching success, we will
consider ourselves. full' pardoned by
'our readers in presenting them the
most hopeful phases, of its past career.
Prom, what we have been able to
gather, ante -helium education in the
j South was generally conceded as a
blessing allowable almost solely to
the wealthy, and. pursued assuluous-
There. w,as a morearistocratic and
Chivalrous feelinir than now exists;
and this f.-eJiiiLf w as lecuiiarlv con-
iVevcd to such Southern institutions
j J, pMm,r,
" v. ...-v :...-.: .. r.
;ti uu infill ui.i7;i ..- tiiio .inaiii
and cliivairous 'semblance shown
than at this hosiored seat of learning
whose halls were filled ; w ith'reprc-
! sentatives trom the Southern States
j :ul also a goodly number from the.
I Northern Slates. As a natural con
sequence there were comparatively
tew who were able to attend such
institutions but nevertheless our Uui-
versify far exceeded the majority
uiui compared ia orably " with the
lirst instiluLious of the land.
iut the old characteristics of our
Southern' people, weakened by cir
cumstanee and destroyed by time
.nlul disaster, have trradualiv iaded
' v -
away, and our institutions have at-
tained the same level. : Hence now
the poorest may be 'educated and
the arms of collegiate training em
brace! every condition of our people.
The revival of the LTniveisijy has
been'greeted by jrne North Carolina
ians with the same patriotic succor
of old, ..but now our sister states,
who ; formerly graced her halls with
euch gallant and talented young men,
have not joined in the; 1 enthusiasm,
whether from ignorance or indiifer
ence, we know not. ,,
It is to such that we address our
selves at present. I .
; In looking over the record, wc be
hold a Pettigrew, from our sister
state, "South Carolina:-In hiscollegi
atc'pOurse a giant worker, .h emi
nently successful student, a naturally
talented son of the South, and full
of. that Southern ,fove boiling and
overllowir g into a whole sou led a
triotism; in battle let' the thousand
spectators witness" how his genius
partook of miiitaiy and civic caste,
the former destined to eclipse tiie lat
ter, was only curbed by the unseasona
ble hand of death; a Nicholson, whose
clear - judgment' and solid - reason
procured lor him the highest judicial
position in his -"native State, and
whose sacred ermine be eminent h
bore in all its pristine purity; a
Thompson, whose iinmaeuiatc worth
graced the National Cabinet; a la
son,' whose counsels augmented the
mighty power of the game; body ; a
Renton, wiiosc peculiar intellect is
an immortal monument of American
statesmanship; a Polk, who wielded
the Nationabsceptrc with the same
innate - iutegritv "which -procured
him a college reputation; and a
thousand others no less famous or
talented. These present an escutch
eon to be envied only ly our great
est institutions. And now when our
University oilers so freely and open-
fly her aid and instruction, our sister
States do not rally to her support as
they did in the ante, helium days.
Let them remember the dignity and
worth which her alumni have added
to their fame and the boldness which,
inculcated in them here, were emi
nently exhibited in their actions, and
then rush forward and patronize" her
as fornierly. No people in the world
would be more enthusiastic for their
welfare and uiore sanguine in their
hope's for theif future success than
the good people ot North Carolina.
Once again, we ask our, sister StaJ.es
to consider 'this matter, and return
to the bosom of their Alma Jleitiir,
filled with the old love, and exhibit
ing tbat'same congenial and grand
chivalry which so prominently char
acterized them of old.
TIIE TOWN GOVERNMENT.
Great crimes usually spring from
small vices " What is at first an oc
casional gratification ' gradually be
comes a fixed habit, j holding its vo
tary with iron grip and plunging
him into( lower depths of; sin ami
shame. Town customs are like in
dividual habits. They arc. an aggre
gate of many, small .practices, too
small often times; to, be I observed,
yet leading to consequences of vital
importance. ' J 1
TJie government of Chapel Hi 1
lias, becti too loose. Idleness and
loafing on the streets, shouting aiifl
veiling at nights, debaucheries in
the neighborhood,' the frightful kill
ing of .Mrs. Clements, and the un
paralleled . burglaries committed
throughout the vil'age, followed
each other as iiaturalty and as nec
essarily as the night! does the day.
We call on the town jcommission
ers to arrest parties, -vyhite or black,
who spend their tiine loafing on. the
streets; without any visible means -ol"
support. .I There are several such, in
the village. They do no work, they
.have' no property, and yet they eat.
They live on the-community. Let
themjbe made to, give an account of
themselves. Let the next legislature
be petitioned for; a strict vagrant
law. f We call on them to arrest
and punisli all.noisy and disorderly
persons, and to make it1; impossible
for. such to remain'' in town. . AVre de
mand that disorderly and disreputa
ble houses be inspected and summa
rily dealt with: j , "
We call on . t lie-mi to 'make every
citizen pay his tax, so that, he may
sustaiff his shared of- the public, bur
dens and may be. more interested in
the.-eondition of t he village and the
exjienditure of money. ,
VTc call on them to see that every
dollar of the town tax. is proj.crly
accounted for. Stealing and wasting
public money have become common
evils. Let them not exist here !
We call on them to prohibit the
sale of cider and to investigate the
sale of alcohol. -
We call'on the miayor to arrest,
try and fine persons to thcextent of
the law, who are guilty of inisde
.meanors and public offences.
Finall' we call oh every jgpod citi
zen to help enforce the laws, to cor
rect the evils that exist --among.u. to
make our village a . model tin all
. i - i ' 1 ".. .
tllingS. : '
Let every man and woman report
tothc : mayor or to the vtovn com
missioners anv imisaivce, or disordei
or public evil, without fee or favor.
Such information van be j written.
Let no one shirk his duty.! If we do
not begin early .and look carefully
after these small - matters, resolving
tljat idlers, evil-doers aiid vicious
persons of all kimk?, shall have no
peace in our. village, the- time will
come again- when no one wijl leel
safe at night, and when the chains
will clank about the necks of half a
dz.cn young men of ' tli'e village.
Ah, my friend, you who sit quietly
at home and let these public evils go
by as unworthy your notice, perhaps
your (thild will be of the1 number.
G;;d Only knows
Tin: news of disease aiifl famine
which is daily brought to us from the
So'uth'ern seaports is' bcftrt-rending.
and should cause every One to feel a
deep, sympathy aiid pat -it into. prac
tice. . Among! the heroic j persons
who have distinguished themselves
for their generosity and philan
thropic efforts, we hear that Dr.
Lawrence, an alumnus of the Uni
ver$ity, plays, a conspicuous and
praiseworthy part. God bless such
an ' honored .son, one among the
many fuoble and brave men with
which this great institution has
Wilmington Star : Wilmington as
a cctton market has been steadily
growing. ' In 187G the receipts were
83,420 bales. Some envious croak
ers said that was because the yelloy
fever was at Savannah. But the
next year the receipts went up to
113,461. jbales an increase of over
30,000. Tlfc; .receipts for . the year
ending August 31, 1878, show fur
ther increase and amount to 123,
374 bales. Charlotte j and Raleigh
are justly elated over their receipts,
but Wilmington has more than
both togetner. ! Raleigh shows 45,-
000, Charlotte 5G.280 total 101,
280." " ' ' ' ' '. .1
Mr. Warmerke, tlie. assistant in
ilizer Control Station, has
rei .:, :..rJ- h.- ro-ii nr worn 01
' . . , : .1. v
the'lfniversity began in good order,
and everything is as perfect as
clock work. The classes .are well
arrancif and -.filled, some "fresh;"
however! falling" below their ex pec-
A ini; lavs since a contriouiion
was started "by .Air. AleCV 1'hillips'
among4; the student to relieve the
sutlererSi nt INIemphis. It was re
sponded! to "promptly and liberally
bv then, and a considerable sum
was' obtained. Students arq noted,
the wor hi over, for their generosity.
V We are happy to Inform pur peo
ple thai the Societies this year at
the University have earnestly co
opcratei'l with the Faculty in abol
ishing the . old practice commonly
measures will speedily be enforced
those found engaged in it.
Fo narents we would sav, there.
need bj no further fear of entrusting
your sons at the University on this
account.. . !
Let our University; be advertised
in evcijy Southern State, and let
some enthusiasm' be. aroused on the
We are sure that many are
straying away from ignorance of its
existence and others "from miscon
ceived, notions concerning it. Let
thcm.bj informed promptly and cor
rectly of itsi position and situation,
and next year we predict there will
be a great intlux of students froih
other States. .'
Prof. .Simbnds and lady this sum
mer have traversed the North-eastern
part of -the Union, crossed the prai
ries, flitted across the Ilocky Moun
tains, landed in the country of
Eureka," and finally returned to our
midst, cheerful, invigorated, and
happy. , .
'Dr. Phillips has been perched upon
the. summit of the Dlue Ui'de, study
ing sl;;.des and shadows, construct
ing Geometric liguresand has finally
returned '.walking ah' blithe as a
! . -v till. ..I t .W.ll S i
Prof. ledd has been to inuumora
b le p 1 a ce s , o 1 s'e r v i ; 1 g '; e y e r y t h i n g t o
be observed, jerhaps "the observed
j of Ka observi'M s," cxainining I lie ih
) domihal recesses of -"nisoued" ani-
mahs and has returned, walking lei;
times faster than usual.
Prof. 'Graves has also been on af
"peiehingV; expedition, most proba
bly dining with oAfier worlds, bat
home attractions' "load-stoned" him
back earlier than usual. "? "
, 'Prof. G randy has been on a gen
eral flitting expedition, -leaping here
and there,' but ,soon found himsell
cooped up in the Western hills, lie
has returned and 'taken charge oi
I . -- - - '-'.',
the disconsolate "Fresh."
- . ' -' i ' ,
Prof. Winston ami wife have been
summering on tho usands." Things
were too salty, so he concluded to
come back ambtry his hand onr the
uFresh." His family, appear hearty.
President lattle spent a short!
time in. the cotton section, impress
ing tlie minds of 'our-sturdy 'farmers
with the practical applications of
Cheihistry and ;P. E. Things were
top hot, so he returned to recline
amid the shades of Chapel Hill, f '
:. Professors. 'Hooper and Mangum
still cling to the old llandmarks, and
are practical illustrations of our
Fault-Fixders.- What '- a
some peopie have of finding fault!
Praise an3'thing, no matter what, and
they will. always confront you with
a "i?i.,v -It really seems to hurt
them wheu'you take pleasure in ad
miring anythingjland they hasten to
take you down a peg. Sometimes
they do -this because .they think such
a course argues aif experience and
observation wideraiid niore. fastid
ious than your own ;: but more often
it is just a 'petulant habit, springing
from enVyor jealousy, for'hich the
offender richly deserves to have his
nose pulled, as a; preventive to his
turning it up in future. ,
A report has been in circulation
at Washington City that John Rav.
of Louisiaua, is to be the Solicitor
of tho Treasury, but as" yet there has
been iio official confirmation of the
rumor. . ' :
rFrom Our neeial Corrpoiuicut.J
. IlALEiGii, N. C.; 'S&t. ;2, 78;
1 Dear Ledacr,: "HaVihg promised
vou an occasional letter, perhaps ;it'
Will be well for mo to make good
the rn-omise., Leavins' the classic
shades of Chapel itill early Tuesday
'morning, 1 was bornC'rapimy on. ine
'elegant" phreton of INIessrs ; W. D.
Cafes ifc.-Son to the city (?) of Dur
ham. - A short vtay there, and I took
! the train for wttK-' City '.of Oaks'
LVboard the train T saw tjie veritable
1 Hon. Josiali Turner. He seemed" to
talk miieh.. 1 eat . not being a Turner
man I tras nV)i iut-e tested in anything
he had to' siv'. U tliink his entra.nce
into Kale:ghjt!iis lime was liitterent
from- that of
v few wleeks ago wiien
ay ett'pville Street in an
go driwii by four white
V werjall know that he
he rode up I
is elected to tlie: Jwegis.iaiure,x:inu
that in his election a most estimable
gentleman of . Orange Comity- was
dele, a ted. I speak of Qaptaih J. H.
Uiitchins! '-The- evil that men d,
live after them," and it remains to
be seen whether JUiv Turner will
throw. JunTself'.i'ofward in the balls
oi State to. urge measures for a Kail
road: to Chapel Hill or the. establish
ment of an Experimental Farm at
the - University,- He has never de
clared in favor of either:
. Sunday, I - attended the Edentoii
Street Alethodist Church, and lieard
an impressive sermon froth Uev. W.
S. Black. His text was Gen. Xxy r v
''Arid Abraham .gave all t hat lie had
unto Isaac." " The minister spoke in
fervent i language ;of how parents
toiled to make a competency to
leave to their ; children, and this
principle wjiich prevailed in Alna,;
jiamV time was still seen at this late
day in) the world : that oft-times
parents ' transmit . every thiag they
have to tlvir children, ;viz : lieing,
cheating, evil passions and Jail the
baser feelings, while on the blher
hand , jarents who live christian
lives transmit a spot kjss eJiaracter
and lioucsiy of 'purposed which is far
better than the rubies ami diamonds
of earth. In. conclusion the miiiister
argued ' that ' weallli .should erect a
eonuno'd ions' church to lie service
of Gnl,l and . the congregat ion of
Edenton Street Methodist Church
should see to1 it that (,6d is duly
honored by the 'dedication' of such a
chuf'ch in this city in which .they
would delight to worsliq), and their
children and their ehildreifsvcbildren.
! This was a masterly sermon," and in
j'the . bright cmisteyation ,ot worthy
mvines ui t:ie v;. vonierence no
name s!:ines ' i'nl)re bright!
liro., lilack's f or genuine fervi
v id piety.
I close let I ve.ary you. More
nhon. Yours trulv,; ' . ,
? ! ' AMICUS.
nilejgh (Observer Septf.'ird. - '
Y H ii PT 1 C a 11 fel! E JK CTI O N S.
' Arkansas eieet ed Siatcollicers and
a Legislature- yesterday. The Legis
iat u,re will- elect, a Senator in: jilace
'! f Stephen W; ' )orsey, Padical;
whose jerm expires; Aiarcli 9, .ljjy.j
The "'present Legislature-has a Dern
ocra.Ue. .majority, of vUi. The present
D(uii(.j.cratic. Governor ; iMiller . was
elected bv oOOu uiajoritv in 1870.
lie is now opposed by W. 1. Grace,
Labor (iree:. back i candidate, ' the
Radicals, ruhnin'g n,o.;candi(late. . The
Congressionai . election takes place
in November. :' v ' v? ; ' j
Vermont elected State, officers,
Legislature and members of Congress
to -day. ! The Hadical majority at. the
last election- was 25,000'.; The . pres
ent Legislature has a radical majori
ty of 144. That chosen to-day will
elet-a successor to Seiiator Morrili
Radical. - ,1 , ' r ' . r ' v
Mainv ejects State ofliceis. Leeds-
latiiie and Congressmen on Mondar
ifcxt. The Radical u niajoiity last
year was 12,000 and the majority in
the Legislature, was 06. .
1 ) i:y V: 1 i v 1: 1 ) Co Mr l l m en i We re
print from the American Ayr icultu
rixt?, .1 journal of higji standing, the
notice of the work done by Prof.
Ledoux in his department. Genuine
merit and real J accomplishments in
science have a reward in the appre
ciatioii they aie sure 16 receive. j
"North Carolina is having good
work done iu its Agricultural depart
ment, by Di-5 Ledoux, its chemist, in
the fertilizer ; question. His labors
have tended to place the manufacture
and trade, on a reliable basis, . which
means much when it is considered
that one million d oj lars' worth of fer
tilizers arc sqicl and used in that
Slate every year. ; We understand
that preiiarations arc uoy being made
for 'more extensive experimental
work and investigations under tlie
auspices of the Department, and that
an. excellent' assistant chemist, Mr.
Geo, Wamecke, who first; came
from Germany by invitation to the
ConneUcut Agricultural Experiment
Station at Middletown, has already
been eugagedr" t ;
From' expressions gathered from
the State papers it vhegins to look as
if one of tho most important ques
tions which the next Legislature
will be, called upon to .decide is
whether or hotthe whppiug-post
shall be established.Zrtas (-Texas)
: - ' ''-',
b Ait a 1
V ROOTS and SIIOKS.
L4. ( ITitll 'J-iiito
! , : - :': : .
RLKACHKD ct , UNJ3LKACHKb
j . DOMKSTICS,
LADIES TIES, RUKKs
1 1 A M I U I Ui KD G I X G S, & c ;
; - " " ' ." -;fv
- i A FL'LIj LIN M OF
.1 -1 - " ,'? -: ' r ' i-'
GH.OCI5RIKS, . -I
7 II ARDWARK, j
"r ' -'- -. '.. : ! ' , - -
r 7 CROCKEUV,
; .' ; ' GLxVSSWAUt;
,-: TIN WARE, ".;
SNUFF S TOBACCO.
: - - ''' - ' -
nil, Cotton llocH,
I am still selling the - '
KEN TU C KY P LOW
!.-.' ;' - .'
Tliis plow stands unrivaled." "It never
chokes ; pulls easy, turns all m
Cu t it suits our faruiers better tli;m any
1vrt. ivlnir I'lAW 111 ll I
I 1 1, am agent this season for the.
j , STAR GUANOS.
Thanking iny many frteiuls for their
past favors, I Avonltl be plenseil to
see tliem at all times, and will. sell all
my hrrge and varied stock of goods at
ihe vcry kottom price. 1
. v J. W. CAIIR.
K 'ciia)ei Hill, April 10, 1878. ' h
apl 18-ly . y ' ' f ';..::' '
!A.vn.il.5cl Xiiloniii at the
tn to TFi I ir oi 1 & T
D U K H A M
STEAM IWINTIJSrG JlCf lf$.
RIIAr N C.
IV U LA UK WELL & CO.,
. Proprietors. J',-
Ii;Nirs B. AViiiTAKKi:,
Best Work at Lowest Prices ! !
,While our establishment ranks nstbe
first in the South for printing U'ebncfO
Labels, both in quality 'and (piantityof
work executed in this special hue, we
would respectfully inform the generou
publip that we are1 id so prepa4,ei to fill
ordeis for every description ol Plain and
F.ncv Job rrintinir iu a nromnt and
satisfactory manner, and at very do
prices... we uety competition. ,. , 4.
We .-select the foHowing .from .a iiuxo-
V UNSOLICITED TESTIMOXIALS i
VYonr proof, is received and doe5yin
great credit. It is handsome. 1
j Kemp P. Battle, Pres. U. X. C
!.f - v Ti-r' '
"Above all' thinirs, let there bet .
mistake." ; We have never had t'om.
motii'ni Anf. .- -ivnfri-fn-niTif'' vt. frCC- 01
' The programmes were duly received
ami -aye entire.satisfactioa. They were
tasty, jwell executed and free fr
error. I believe you can, turn out the
nest job in the btate.7'
: Prof. Geo. T. Winston.
:.-;;' '.,..-.- . . ! "
'Strins to hand jind siitisfaetorv.
f ' 31arbui Jhw., liaItimore,iMb
- ! ..-'-.,' " .
"Your, work1 is very iti.faotory- ''
deed." Prof;'F.' W. Siin.nb. ;
"The last invitations were as m-'at ..
possible and giixts entire patisiactiou.
It. S. White, rxMiisbur,,X. '
- : r . v ' . ' : L-
; . , I. - ' ; - . ,- ' , s - 1
"Your Soli ravo enftre iVati.sfacloi.j
and 1 see nothing to interlere with 3,m!,
building up a very successful Ih:hih",k
; A. S. Baibee, Chapel RUb .
i: ;;'v. ' ';
kAin .much plised with the. work
and ; hope ' t.o---give you further ord'1
soon." - j '. ; ' j... .
. Jos. El l'ogtie, IIendersn, N. -
Address all orders to
J. I'. WIHTAKEK. Ji;.
Durhiun, X. 'C, Jiinc l't, 1878.
A huly purchased n Wire Fly Trap l .
Barbec'it Drug Store last week, J ai(I
states now that it 'caught all the il it
on the premises in one 'day 'and ndit :
Try one. 50 cents each. ,