" 4 " " - . ' ' . " - ' . . - ' - ' ..' U , '- i ! Y , "... . . . ' . . . . . K ' Y ' '
- . -y " . ; . , . i i- .--"!..'. . . . . , . - y .' ' ;. - .. . . ' r. . . . . y .-
' - ' i ' s -.-. ' ' ..'(; . ' Is". ' .. s - . -. . . i . . ., ; :v ' . (
1 . . . . - . . . . : .. j .:, . I- " f - Y ; ! - ' -; ! - V : -. '
t , . . a i i" !
, t ... - : . . i . -
THE WEEKLY LEDGER.
Sept. 14, 1878.
RATES OF SUliSCRIITIOX;
One copy, one year, - $1.50.
Oiie ropv. six months, - - - $1.00.
CSTSubscriptioud mtist be pakl in ad-
vame. . .
KATES OF ADVERTISING :
One square, one insertion, - $1:00
Laeh suls!qnent insertion, - - ,f0e.
' C35Speeial contracts inatle for larger
. -i EDITORS.
CST NOTICE. We tcitl be
pleased to publish any conimtinica
t ions from any person relative to the
good of the people : but any commit
I nication relative (o personal matters
or tending to In" my about a contro-
versy mil! not be tolerated. &irs.
We publish. below the platform of
.principles adopted -by the late Dem
ocratic Congressional Convention..
It is - absolutely necessary that all
Democratic voters should be tlior
oughly acquainted witli the "princi
ples advocated by their., party, and
in; this way be, defended irom any
encroachments upon them through
ignorance or otherwise. It lias been
argued: by the Democratic press
throughout the State with truth and
with substantial .proof, that the only
irood principles set forth' in the
National platfoim are' embodied in
the Democratic platform, and all de
. portion ostensibly from principle,
but' jeally from a false delusion
would be counteracted by a compar-
ison of the two. We therefore re
quest 4 every Democrat to read this
"platform, and see if his convictions
do no! fully accord with it. It reads
" . n follows : . .
" We re-afiirm 'our adherence to
the time-honored principles of the
Democratic .party, and in the inter
est of ourselves and of our posterity,
denounce all monopolies, high taxes
and all., extravagance and waste' in
X the expenditures of.-the people's
money. ' I i-.
" We denounce the contraction of
. the currency the heartless and un
1 patriotic policy of thp Republican
administration making the rich richer
and' the poor poorer, which has
caused a stagnation of business, des
troyed the prosperity of the country
' thrown thousands out of ; employ
ment and reduced millions to penury
u We " denounce the: demonetiza
tion of silver by the Republican party
in the. interest of the capitalists and
the bond-holders; 'and we cohgratu-
laic mo country on me succcssiui
euorts of -the JJcinocratic parly to
restore silver to its legitimate uses
" c'ven over -the veto of a Republican
. President.. I
. " V e demand the retirement of
the circulation f National Ranks,
the substitution therefor of jrreen
backs, whose volume should be reg
. ulated by the' requirements of trade
. and business; and the repeal of the
p lax on State R inks leaving their or
, gauization to the people of the dif
ferent States ; and we explicitly de
mand the repeal of the Resumption
! Act. ' "..'"
' We letnand a repeal or modifi--cation
of the Revenue system so that
it shall not discriminate against the
Southern industries; a reduction of
the tax on tobacco and a niodifiea
tion of the. onerous tax on tlie (list 1
"lation of fruit; a tariff only and not
for the purpose of building up iiorth
ern manutacturies at' the expense ol
the South ; ami we ' favor a tax on
.incomes of two tl&usand dollars and
over,lhreby lightening the burdens
of labor and making capital pay its
just proi ortion.of public dues.
ki We deiiounce corruption in office
wherever.it exists the higher the
place the greater the crime ; and we
"call upon the people at the polls to
punish the infamous electoral fraud
by which the people of the United
States were deprived - of their right
ko elect their president. ; - '
j u Filially, wecongratulate the peo
J,ple of the Unin on' the' overthrow
of, the party of bate, with its corrup
tions and oppressions and upon the
triurriptuof that policy of conciliation
and fraternal' kindness which the
Demociatic jarty has so long and so
persistently advocated." .
J. D. Cajieuox, Esq., editor of
the Jlithboro J Recorder, and one of
the ablest writers of the South, hon
ored oui office with his presence
out day last week. -
ARE YOU INNOCENT ?
As citizens, we are'entitled to nro
tection. of life, iiberty, and property.
As moral beings we are all forbid
den, by divine lasr,' to disregard one
another's right jio live, . to act with
reasonable freedom, ""and to enjoy
one's o)vn." If a irian js suspected of
destroy inglife by violence, by the use
of a subt le poisoner by any Avillful
plan, he is tried for murder; and all
good people think that he fa 'dealt
with justly, and. that society could
not otherwise, be urotected. But
there are many ways of taking life
criminally, which do not subject the
murderer.to legal prosecution. The
natural effect of liquor is to injure
him wfcq drinks, and the natural ten
dencyof drinking is to degradation
and death. Hence, he who sells li
quor to be used as a beverage is en
jiajied in a business that, must be
classed ' with the horrible crime of
destroying the life of fellow beings.
It does not matter what the law re
gards it ; for the fact is plainer than
any theory. The liquor seller is one
whose business is to make money in
a way that destroys people for time
Rut there are other ways to take
life and escape the human law. If
oue should open a well in an exposed
place, and fall to cover it so that no
one would be apt to fall into it, and
a stranger, walking the public way
at night, should suddenly tumble in
and bo .drowned, the negligent
author of the danger would be held
responsible by. all proper judgment.
Suppose, then, that any person
should, by effort, or negligence,
cause any special source of disease to
be on his premises; a;d "that" his
'chiTdren ' should thereby be made
sick unto death ; or that his neigh
bors should thereby be poisoned by
malaria or effluvia, so that they died;,
would .that man, who was the direct
or indirect agent, -be justly held re
sponsible for the JiVes thus destroy
ed ? If cleanliness is next to Godli
ness, so. is the proper regard for
sanitary measures necessary to inno
cence" as to the sickness and death of
those who, wo know, .will be ek
tosed. What's the ' difference fce-
tweeu, on the one hand, baying
some poison and giving it to a child
in a spoon,' and on the other hand,
manufacturing a slow but deadly
poison in a damp, foul ; cellar, or in
the vaults of a privy, or in accumu
lated filth under the hoiise or near
the'door or window of the dwelling
or the kitchen, or in any pestilential
source of malaria or effluvia; and
thus directly causing one's family and
neighbors to breathe death ,in the
air and drink death in the water?
Arc there any of these shameful evils
in' or around our town ? f any of
bur people suffering and ripenin
for the grave on account of the fou
air and foul water ? If so, are you
innocent? Look around think
and sec ! What about your cellar ?
Is it duly cleaned, aired and limed ?
Your vaults? i re they free from
causes of disgust and sickness ? L
thejspace around the door of your
kitchen and dining-room in a, cpndi-
tion that is sate to neattn : is your
pen, or cow-pen, or compost-
heap, or any other filth, where itian
filter to a wellor taint the air that
your children or neighbors breathe ?
Arc you innoceut ? Vhat do our
Commissioners say ? Are they look
ing faithfully into these important
matters? Liiok out,, gentlemen
IjQI 'iisi an looK out: it is not a
pleasant thing to realize that people
die because we neglect a plain, sim
ple duty. '.. , j
: HOW LON(j?
:Yes how long will we be forced
to risk limbs( over worn-out foot
bridges, 'stumble over . rocks and
washes in the' side-walks, see the
drains fill up with rocks and rubbish,
run out of "the way of loose horses
on the street, be frightened "by the
discharge of fire-arms in certain parts
of the town, hear ibf abandoned wo
men negro women insulting the
morals and decency of the commu
nity without being molested, and
know that both white and colored
deal out intoxicating liquor in town,
by day and by nigut ? Oh, how long1
To Ilotf. A. S. MiiRKiiKW, :the
listinguished Senator from "North
Carolina, we retilru thanks for pub
- OUR SCHOOLS.'
Chapel Hill is7 certainly favored
with schools. In addition J to the
University, which stands at the head
of the literary institutions of the
State, there is now, what has long
been needed, a ; 1 ;
. .. . " , 31 ALE ACADEMY.
This is under the tuition of Rev.
Mr. Heitman, pastor of the Metho
dist Church. This excellent gentle
man, at the earnest solicitation of
leading citizens, has added the work
of the teacher to his regular ministe
rial duties. 1 (This is very fortunate
for the patrons, as JNIr. II. is pecu
liarly qualified for the government
and direction of boys. ' Ileias fully
established himself in this commu
nity as one worthy of all confidence
and high esteem, and mav be trusted
to train those who are put under his
charge. The school"1 ought to be
permanent. It will, no doubt, be
. . , ... '. i . i i
so, II tnose most interesrea win ue-
stir themselves and secure a suitable
jmilding for. an academy. There is
no good preparatory school near
here ; and, in consequence, the town
and surrouLding country i must either
fail to educate the bovs, or send
them away to boarding schools", at
the great peril of character and at
the serious sacrifice of pecuniary in
terest. FEMALE SCUOOLS
abound. First, one is conducted by
Mrs. V. C. Pell, late of the Faculty
of Davenport F. College. She, also,
has - won greatly ! upon the good
opinion and feeling of the6 town,
during the comparatively short time
since Vhc cliose it for her residence.
Well educated, with fine musical
talent and attainments, of most ex
cellent character fin every respect,
with much experience in several, of
the leading institutions that have
adorned the State, she challenges
the patronage of those who have
daughters to educate. It is gratify
ing to know that it is her desire and
purpose to make her school a per- '
manent institution. ' I j 'I
Next .come the several schools
taught by young ladies. One is
presided over by Miss Spence
daughter of the . distinguished Mrs.
C. P. Spencer ; ; another by Miss
Graves, daughter of the well-known
teacher who was so long associated
with Colonel Horner in his famous
school, and sister of rof. R. j II.
Graves of the University; another
by Miss Sophie Mallett, daughter of
Dr. W. P. Mallntt; and another by
Miss Lena Foust, sister of Mrs. Dr.
Hariiss. '.'These young j ladies are
highly accomplished and will com
pare favorably with the: best teach
ers in the best- institutions of the
State. Surely the community owes
them a debt of gratitude for devot
ing themselves to their useful and.
beautiful work. ' I
iMay they, each' and ; all, receive
the encouragement lat they de
servo ! All who ' havij . patronized
them are. greatly pleasilwith. their
thorough instruction and admirable ,
management. . , ! i
HELP THE SUFFjERERS.
Is not every .one who' has any means
willing to do something for the people-in
the stricken towns of the
South? Will not the 'churches of
the village ' and the surrounding
country take coilections for the:'' yel
low fever victims 011 next Sunday ?
The Baptist congregation has raised
a collection and a mov'emcjnt is in
progress in the University. Let
others follow' the
Every little helps.
1IIE premium . list pi the 1 next
State Fair to be held at Raleigh
October 1519. ha? been received
at this omce. I he list is a
! 1 I
lengthy one, 1 and the, premiums of-
V I I
fered are liberal. We hope the
efforts of its ofllcers to make a grand
displa' will be crovricd with abund
ant success. !
The Ire port of the Commissioner
of Agriculture, Col. Ij. L. Polk, ior
the month of Augiistis on our table.
We propose to furnish some ' er-
tracts from the report; in our next.
. We have received the second copy
ol Our Free JBldde, a monthly Ama
teur paper published at Goldsboro,
by J. R. Griffin. We think i it a
very neat little paper, and well worth
the money 25 cents a year.. 1 '
Dr. Crenshaw, of Louisburg, an
alumnus of the University and a
member of the Dialectic Society, js
dead. Kr&: ;3!f ' '
Anotller pew feature is j noticeable
. , '!-' . ilia fVinnM '
intne morning prayeio w.t...
The ministers of the different denom
inations in th village conduct the
exercises by turn, rotating weekly.
This plan works well, and is a con
tiderable! improvement on last year's
Mr. Warneeke, the new assistant
the Fertilizer Control Ration, has
. If muscular powers proph
esy anythinii as to his 'proficiency,
he will certainly be a valuable 'addi
tion. However his whole personal
appearance and bearing : argue 'well
for his abilities. ; .)
Prof Manuel Fetter, formerly a
Professor! in the University, visited
his Alma Mater last week. Many
were the changes w hich
greeted his eye, but the! attractions
and vestiges of his schooldays which
still remain, fully compensated for
recent innovations j
Mr. W. li. Phillips,; Assistant
State , Chemist, has returned from
Various additions and at
are noticeable in his phy
sique. He has not been j wholly on a
pleasure excursion but his time has
been employed in hard work improv
ing hitDsqlf in his chosen profession,
and becoming acquainted with the
most recent. discoveries-and improv-
plan, has supplanted the ro
cent "haziner " cane-snrees. &c. Last
j ' X '
Saturday afternoon all the "Fresh,"'
ealch one having contributed his wiite,
gave-a reusing treat to the old stu
dents. )Ve, think this a modern in
'provenaejnt and every student must
be condemned who would not ex
change Ithe gratification "of' a "little
fhazing,? blacking, &c, for a magni
ficent outlay of dolicate edibles. V
The students at the University
hail from the following counties:
Richmond, Edgecombe, ertie, Hal-'
ifa, Orange, Warren, Chatham, Guil
ford, Sampson, Franklin, .Buncombe,
Davie, j Madison, Pender, Nash,
Wayne, Granville, Beaufort, Person,
iCatawba, Lincoln, . Ahlinance, Bladen;
New .Hanover, Stokes, Henderson,
DnpliiijV Surry, Wake, McDowell,
Moore. Cumberland, Davidson, For
sythe, Caldwel!, Johnston, Noith
1 lam p t o ij , S t an 1 ey , Roc k 1 n gh a m . W 1 1 -son,'
Ciaven, Hyde, Medklenburg'and
Hertford. y I i '
THE MELANCHOLY DAYS
HAVE COME. "
,' We have no particular hatred to
ward anyone, we don't want to pun
ish nnyljody or have "them' punished
either here or hereafter. In lact if
we couljl conscientiously, we would
believe n Universal Salvation, but
we cannot, as we inust mak:e an. ex
in the case lot" the sin beiot
7 Li V7 1 1
ten, wickedly educated, and
galoot who stole our
,! watermelon the other. night. Those
A'ho kiiQW us best, know that we
take some pride ,in our garden, and
that early a,nd late we. have0 watered,
hoed and cultivated our vegetables:
as much or more for the pleasure
derived from so doing as tor the in
trinsic value of its products: And
then after days and weeks of labor,
to find that some thief in the night
V. 1 . ! ... 1 - . ?
nas ueprivea us 01 our watermelon
is too bad.. We are a decided con
vert to jth'e doctrine of total deprav
ity. We believe that the Sunday
School n .this. 'town. at least is a tail-
lire. 11 it would not. be a waste ol
words1 Ave would ask all good per
sons to j pray for that thief, but we
are afraid he, is past redemption. To
steal an Editor's watermelon ! Bro.
Bowman there must be a for such
thieves, we can't believe in your
doctrine. ! .
He who steals our purse steals
trash for sure ; but he who comes in
the night and steals jour big Water
melon, takes that which not eijriches
him, (for the thing was green) but
deprived us of a large amount ofi
auuoipaieu. pleasure, 1 tie person
who is so lost to all sense of right
or honesty as to steal a green water
melon from an Editol-, is not fit to
live, nor is lie prepared to die. Mav
the Lord have mercy oil him. ifoan
Mountain. Republican. ,
father of Tom Thumb is a
Jn the Chicago poorhouse.
Tom quarreled with him when a'boy
"uu "f "ever visuea'nim since, lie
has fourteen sons aud daughters in
all, several 6t whom are wealthy,
. fFrom Our Special CorrespohUent. i
THE GOVERNMENT BUILP-
:. m DIME PART Til
' 2 ''4
V! ' Raleigi N. C. Septl2.
. Dear liEDBii ::gdn lhg4ftrD0Pn
of the 5th of September, I went in
to take a hurried viewbenew
governmen t build i ng t no apprqacn
ing completion. The first story, is
intended ion. the jostofficei the sec
ond is for onioes, hml the third floor
to the top ot . the buikling. ah d from
thence I;h:i(a) elegant, view, pfvthe
citv, especially, that lying towards
th'e . .K;ist;. aiiC.t !e .Uif li-asU-iMag-nificcut
struct mes jred jheir. lofiy
heights in. g Miulejur and the;. foliage
of the oaks and elms now hastening
to a aricd' 'luie, as Octolien comes
on apace, spread 'lit in panoramic
beauty before me. Cpol John A.
M cDohald, the Janitor of the '-build-ing;infonned
me tliat the building
would be ready for occupancy-about
the '20th of the month. As I viewed
this colossal edifice about .1' month
ago, it appeared awkward and
.clumsy, jlmt now", since most of. the
debris has- been removed and the
scaffolding cleared away, it presents
a comely, and handsome structure.'
The Templetoil Troupe have been
here,- they gave ah entertainment
Friday night; for the benefit of the
yellow..;' fever sufferers; "In vtheir
hand bills they stated, that the Dra
mat i c Association this y ear wi il con
triljinte in the various cities not less
than $50,000. ,The show, bills were
printed oh yellow paper, significant
of the object ftr which they were
intended. The hiouey-:ihis troupe
took in may be ..expended properly,
but the iiiiluence exerieil Iiy theatres
is pern ici iis, and I d o not think the
bait had the effect to captme those-'
who are not) in' the habit of at tending
theatres. While oVi the subject of
theatres I will mc'ely add that I
never :Utenl them. ;,-v ... J - ; f t
On Friday ; aiternopn a -?' grand
levee was c: i ven on tjio i Capitol
grounds. The children j1 tender
years-r-tiiose who are ttMKj yming td
go out- At nightattended,in large
force -and spent'; -their dimes freely
for ice cream and the like The
proceeds of this entert ainnicut will
be likewise 1e voted to the sufferers
in the jdagm stricken Southern
ci t i es. - At 1 1 ig'ht' the, Ca pit ol grounds
were , filled to repletion' by the
young and .old. I walked around
t he Square ; which was' beautifully
il 1 u ni in:ted by .Chinese ? lanterns;:
Tlie shrubber v" in the'grounds was
wi ll filled with the Janterns, and as
the evening zephyrs . played ,aud
toyed with iheni, a beautiful sight
was seen. The display in . flrout of
the Capitol arouiut the Washington
I momunent was pai ticulaily impos-
I nave not unic io uescnoe
the -brilliancy of t lie occasion. Your
cori esp.ondeiit being a- married man
will not .speak. of tlie beautiful ladies
and their bewhehidg charms. The
amount realized from' the Dime
party was .S5::t.
from the Tern
Jore anon. ,
f TIIKDEPOSEl) BISHOP, 7
There will be,' surprised pver the
action taken yesterday in the caselof
the aged and tlie ICev. JJr.;jMciJos-
kry, late Bishop of Michigan. He
had) already resigned his Episcopal
jurisdiction, assigning old age and
imdily jnlirmity as his reasons for
seeking to be relieved Jrom a bur
den he was -no longer able to bear,
wheif-.tlie ". hideous scandal with
which his name; ,is' associated was
made public. .;' ..'--. "'. ' . '
Ab .first he .withdrew his resigna
tion announcing his purpose-lb con
front jhis accusers 'and , establish his
innocence of the adulterous accusa
tion. f Then he renewed it and left
the; country. 'Tlie Bishops of the
Protestant Episcopal Church con
vened; in this city rightly refused to
receive this resignation, ;Yesterd ay,
by a unanimous vctc, they author
ized the presiding Bishop to 'promul
gate against Samuel Allen AlcOos-
kry the sentence of deposition from,
the sacred ministry and from all the
offices thereof. . '
The Herald 'contains the follow
ing : A morning, nariei-VsnvR - -"Th.
Protestant Episcopal' Church
commended for two good things
the purity of its ministry' and the
rfrtrl cntian .A t 1 'ill- - v ir " '
ovu.-ju ui us iiiiios. i ester-
uay, wutkout opening the flood gates
o t immorality, on the corii m unit v
they; deposed the Bishon of oMichi
ganfor abandoning; his diocese, and
wuue otner rnatters were not named,
it is evident they had them in mind,
fb r they v d eposed .Dr. McCosk r v.
not only, from the ienisconate" but
from the ministry of the church.
We commend -this action, both for
its wisdom and its method, to other
ecclesiastical' authorities who may
be similarly situated v l " j," '
A gentleman whoYlately bought a
pair of marine-blue gloves in IlanV
burg, l Germany, ; found nthatl his!
hands "werefsooa covered.,; with" an i
eruption. ; He ' gave jthe gloves to a;
chemist, who discovered a consider-1
4 ,& .
-T OTI'N ' W V ' C A K R
4 -Hi i'.
nrArnw" 1 . Ctll t..i.- .
A; JTllH XiiUO Ol 'j"
BliE ACHED, & 1JNBLEACHEB
-;j; .v.. . i-.:..-.vn- ni''-:---. ,
LADIES TIES.-. f ; 0.
A FULL LNE,OF
GROCERIES, V' :'l
j TIN WARE.
LOOKIN G, GLASSES :
SN1TFF & TOBACCO.
kv- , . - :-'t-
It5i-og5H.o Oil j Iron nod
i - ..' '- i :
L Trails,. Cotton Hoes,
I am still selling the
This plow stands nnrivalcLb Jt never
Chokes; pulls easy, turiis sill soil ; i0
fact it suitspur fiirraiers; better than anj
other plowiiow Mi nse. r
! I am iurent this season for the
Th:i uking my; many "friends for their
tavors, 1. wouio ,.De pieasea i
fee thenvat all times, and will jseUil
my large and varied stock ofi goodi 4
the very qttom price. ' . . , f
.: ''V-i f r ;X W.CARR.
j Chapel nilb April 16,1878.
j.'.- apl 18-1 y ;-" '' '"'. ; v
' ' ' ' .
-V. av si x ed J3 i x 1 o nt x l at the
STEAM PRINTING HOUBl
DURIIATSf, N. C.
IV. T. B L A CK WELL &' CO.,
; -o : .:; ' . ' - ' . --.
Jt NICS U. IVillTAKKK, Jr.,
i . Manager, j
6et Work at Lownt Pliers 1 1
While our establishment ranks as the
rst in the South for Drintinir Tobacct
libels, both in quality ! and quantity of
vork executed in this special line,
yould respectfully inform- the generom
hi one that we are also prepareii tonu
rdei s for everv descrintion of Plain an
'Aiicvr Job Printinir in a oroiDDt and
atSsfactory manner, and at very lo
rices. We defy competition', t
jVe selecjt the foHowlng froin a nnm-
per 01 ; ; 1 . -
"... t : r .- ', -' .; -', . .
UNSOLICITED TESTIMONIALS :
uYour proof is recclTcd and does T
great credit. It is handsotne." s
Keinp P. Battle, Pres. U. XvC
"Above all things, let there be
mistiik'es. We. have never had toff
liieneement ; programmes yet free
mistakes." : i .. ' v I ",
fhe prorramuies were duly receive
f'J'l V tMl III); Hill ISlH.CUO.lt. A1IVX"V-
iastv.-. welt vofMif.nl hnil free ffOO
ernir. . 1 believe you can turn outtb
JtL joo in inc. Mare," , ,-
. Prof. Geo. T. Winatoti.
? :--v,--. 4.' -. ,
-Strips to Inuul'aiKrsit!!faetoi,y.,,:ir
i MarbuigUros.. BiiltlmonvfJ'
T . , ' ''1.
-Your.'Mn-k is .very satisfactory I'1
ueeti. ' 1 Prof. F. W. MmoiMi.
"Tlje last invitations were a nent
ssiblo and gsive entire Sjiti.riicii"'
11. S. White, lUuUburgt SX-
'rYo'iir iob travn pntir satisfaction.
uid 1 see nothing to interfere with jonr
uiilding up a very successful bymic1
, A. S. Bhrbee, Chiel .Hill .K
"' ' .'' '' .' . :
"Am inucli il(:S4ti with the 'orh
and hope.to give you further onlr
, Jos. K. Pogue, Henderson, X t
' ( -.. ;. : :
Address all bnlers to "
V r 1'. WHlTAkKK, Jk.. i
.-u-Vf' hzS l-'VI f -'U; JlflliaT'
Durham, ,T. C.M June 13, 1878. ;
A iHly purchased a. Wire ly Trap
larbeeV DrViflr Striro 1iRt wnek'. V$
j'tates now. that it "-"csinhi all the rt
)ii the Dremises in one clav and nijjW
.' able quantity of arseuic in the dye. I
one. 50 cents cavh. ! i
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