The Chapel Hill Ledger … /
Oct. 12, 1878, edition 1 /
Part of The Chapel Hill Ledger (Chapel Hill, N.C.) / About this page
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:r i! a weeklSi ledger.!
ATUi: !A Y,
Oct. 12, 1878.
HATKS OF SUBSCIilPTIOX :
x copy, one year, - - - - ' $l.-r'n.
One 'copy, six mouths, - - - .$1.00.
ZTutserii ions must be' paid in al-
KATKS OF ADVERTISING :
One siijiiv. out) insertion, - - $1.00.
insertion. - - -;ue.
'?Vj-.eo;aE contracts m
:: d vcrl: :neu 3.
itle for larger
.-;'2TOTIC&We- tciil he
r pleaicd to publish any communica
tions from any person rrelaticc to the
, ' good of the people ; but any commit
- nic;t 'ion relative to personal matters
or tending to bring about a contro
versy ynill not be tolerated. En's.,
Gkx! Martin died on Friday,
Oct. 4th, jit his home in Asbeville. "
XV n give our- editorial space this
Aveek to the exercises of University
- J It I was not Father . iyan , the
Poet Priest, wh'osc death was pub
lished in our last. ?
Tkjg Raleigh papers aro filled
with'-;Gencral Order?, Special" Or
der?, fce. It really looks as. if it
tinix JIulI was expected to raid that
'iJiXGirAM' School , will be well
represented nt the State Fair. There
are , now. oh the rolls 10G cadets
. - -
present lor duty. The foi -incoming
catalogue' will contain the names of
140 pupils'. The !greatj success of
this ischo 4 proves a source-of grati
fieation to. its friends everywhere
The j Cadet battallion will make a
good display at the Iair. The quar
ters jof this company' will be on
Eayeitcville, Street. ,
"Executive Committee of this Dis
trict! have made appointments in
many portions of the District, and
have secured able speakers to fill
them. Durham being the nearest
named on the list, we publish the
names of the speakers secured and
the lime appointed for thch to ad
v dress the people. Durham, Mon
day night, Nov. 4th. Hon. W. II.
Cox Julian S. Carr and F. II.
ln-bec. , J
Tueuk will be no . paper' issued
from this office nest week. AVe
arc" compelled to suspend in order
io give our employees, an opportu
nity,! to attend court as witnesses
Ye; are, informed that there are
some seventy-five witnesses" to at
tend . fro m C li a p c I j I i 1 1 : W e' h o To
in ounnext, to publish a full report
ot the doings ,at court. We have
beeti iuformcd Vthat there arc eight
persons in Ilillsboro jail awrdting
trial for capital crimes. '
iOnly one prisoner in the jail of
Wako connty. Hal. iVt'ws. .
The above seems alm6st incred
ible. We can only account for it in
tliisf war.- Wake county has a Crim
inal Court that meets every three
inorKhs, and remains in session un
til the tlockct is cleared. The offi
cers of Wake arc efficient, and clever
rentlemen. The Solicitor of 'the
Criminal Court, Thos. P. Devereuv,
and Georg6 V. Strong," Judge, are
. gentlemen well qualified for the po
rtions they -occupy. They com
mand the respect of the whole peo
ple of Wake. The Clerk of the
Criminal Court, Weston" 11." Gales,
is a clever gentleman ami promising
vounu man. - Sheriff J. J. Nowell is
.as popular with one party as he is
with 'the other.- So it'is with the
Clerk of the Superior Court, Charles
1). UiK'hurch" Captain . W. : W.
White, Register of1 Deeds, and John
I. "Nealhery, County Treasurer.
'H,, onntv. officers of WnVo n't!v...r:" , " . I
; , . i
be heat. .
SPEECHES BY , PRESIDENT
1 I5ATTLE AND HON. : "
JOHN W. NOU
V ' WOOD. i
. ' FRIDAY, OCTOIIEU llTlT.
' The day opened dark and rainy,
and, in consequence, the. assembly
was -rather snial! considering that
tLis is to North Carolina one of the
most auspicious days in the calen
dar. Near one hundred years ago
(ie University was founded, and to
day its friends and the friends. of ad
vanced education meet to celebrate
that great event. Glory to the noble
men, who, sacrificing' their own in
terests, formed, with much diiliculty
ami suiierini' this auxiliary' of our
people's glory.. As the morning
prayers. formed 'a part 9f the exer
cises, "these werepmitted in the reg
ular-proceedings, and services were
opened by singing ''The Old. Noilly
Slate," that beautiful, inspire song
of the immortal Gaston. As the
last, soft notes of -this patrioHc out
burst died away, r
Pres. Battle came forward and ad-
dressed the attentive audience on
the History of the University Uuild-"
inrs: Throughout his -.-entire speech
a vein 'of "genial humor flowed, that,
never tailed to- elicit much laughter!
and applause. It is impossible to
do justice to his speech without re- i
porting it h full and . we regret that
our selections mar what was truly a
beautiful asVjwell as instructive ad-
c t , !f , i, i
torv of a cane nresented to lam oy
iui ui j
mess. ie uejui " i-;,4i" i
Hon. Samuel Phillips in., the name ot
his father, who was a gredtjfi iend ,to
Pres. Battle, a much as any old man
cau be to a young one. This cane
was presented by" .the second King
of Siam to Dr McGilvay ;and by
him in 'its unfinished state to the
Rev. Dr." James .Phillip's, '.'a true, no
ble, and punctual man, ever per
forming his duties; a man" of un
swerving integrity and who died
while on his bended knees in the
Chapel. He was an ornament to
our University, which supplied with
power our forefathers and sheds its
lustre on us to-day. The Old East
Building was originally-9G feet, 7
inches long, and 10 feet,n 11-2 inches
wide. Our forefathers were partic
ular in all their works.' James Pat
terson, of Chatham was the .builder,
and it cost 2,500", 'This building
was, for many yeans, the only one.
In 1S4S it was extended. The Old
West Building was constructed in
1822. There; was only one house in
Chapel Hill at the foundation of the
University.; this was owned by old
Mrs. Nunn. 1Iov then could the
boys obtain board ? For tlvs purpose
a students' mess-house was con
structed opposite to the present lo
cation of thc'Episcbpal Church. The
bill d" fiire was: For break far t.
milk or coffee j or "tea together with
1 roll or 1 biscuit, or one piece of
corn bread. For dinner bffcon
yrcniSy or beef, and turnips, and
sometimes a pudding or tart. For
supper "-coffee, or'' ten, or milk,
but no b itter, together v.fth cold
corn breaJ"or biscuit. Wheat bread
for .supper, however, was a rarity,
and elicited much joy whenever it
made its appearance.
The Old Chapel, was completed
in' 1797 by the Morality of ' Go:i.
Person, - who was wealthy, noble
and?xlistlnguished as a legislator and
friend to education. The .Old
Chapel was named "Person llail,? in
his iorio; and the Legislature also
a noble little
county, liie routn JuiKiing was
begun iu 1798 f. hut was unfinished
tor,;inajiv years on account of mone
tary depression. In this ' work j
sorry to say the aid jof lotteries
was invoked, but without success;
then Dr. Caldwell made a tour of
the Stale during the vacations of 1811
and 1S12, and. the work was .finished
in lSId. This building should be
named after Gen. Davie, whom the
trustees were pleased at onetime to
call the '"Father of the University.1'
The next in order of construction
was the New Chapel commenced in j
1818 and complete. in 1 Z;& by .the
munificence ot Charles ijrerraro:, who !
donated to the University 12,500
acres of valuable land in the State
of Tennessee. On the occasion of
the visit of Pres. Polk with.Jolin
Y. IIason and Commodore Maury
in 1847 the Chapel was enlarged
in order to accommodate the large j
concourse which; gathered to do!
honor 'to these distinguished men.
Smithes Ilall, the University library,
in order to accommodate the large
is named in honor of 'Hon. Benj.
i. .vijr -uioum in. in iii
his day, and liberal in his aid to the
University. , -i " j
-M ho dir- Vef Vr ; VD
i uu i"gs were constructed in iSb.in
iorderto.accomijtodate the large influx-!
i of students -whie.h the ?old mines of
- - --- -
California poured into this and other
places ot learning. , j.-
The doors of the. University. 'weie
ooenprl in 17n." Tnitinn nn room
rent were $35 per year; and board
only ?.j0 for the entire session.
At the enl of four months there
were 41 students. In 179G there
wjere over 100; students. Person,
Smith', Gerrard, Davie, and others
of those noble 'men who sacrificed
all for our ad varjcemcnt. still live and
will continue to live through all times
in the hearts'" rtf a gratcfuf people
wh(5 owe to them the advantages
which we possess. . Pres. Battle took
his scat amidst rounds of applause,
having invoked the young men. "in
most eloquent. language to be true to
the trust which the labors; toils, per-.
severance, and success of their dis
tinguished ancestors left to then
care, for, improvement and culture.-
After 'the Prcsidenss speech, the
choir sang the University Song; com
posed vby the accomplished Mrs. C.
P. Snencer. .... ?
, Hon. John' W. Norwood was then
introduced by the President, and
came forward. To you, - said 'hf,
turning to President Battle, I feci
under the deepest obligation as a
citizen of . Norxh Carolina', for' the
work which you have done towards
uniting Agriculture and Education.
In 1 10G3 the first -white settlement
was formed in Northv Carolina. To
day we find, t hp soil exhausted. Un
less something is done we shall sbon
find Ourselves in the condition of
lilrliv)i Tnitior wIrr .'l-Tj-rm'il t 'core
already contains, so rimny people
that it catinot furnisb food for thetrnf
The Uiiiversity has taken a new
course-and .muted" $cience and Vgri-"
cult ure, and thereby becomes ' ent.i
tled to th good,' wishes of the 'Co-:
pie. Let our noblest men remain at
homr and cease ("to ''enrich other
States with the powers " of their in-
telleds to the loss .of North Caro-
,. rf,. - ' ' r
jfna or he areatcst resource of A orti
Carolina Js the ' purity of her 't?0iiv?.
Preserve that pui ity inviolnte ; keep
.t h ei r eh a ract e r u n t aiii t ed by t te fo id
breath of hus'pici'n,- and you will el
evate yourselves -and your St;it'e,
Young ineii, protect them as vol)
would the undimmed -perfection of
your own sisters. " ?
- Tlie sneaker continued in this
beautifjil strain for some time; lie
then .reviewed his-class in the Uni
versity and closed, by calling'-upon
the young men here to he true to
themselves, to tnkn as their iu in 1 lib' e
guide the Holy Bible.' The. speaker
spoke at oor.sidernble'iength and in
troduced .many tin tigs of interest and
beauty, but space forbids- a linger
report. 3Ir Norwood was a stu
dent in the University 00 years ago
and. with Judgje lanly, and Dr. De
Rossett are the sole survivors of his
class. Gov. 1 ffraham ?w'as .also a
member of his class. ,
Altogether, University day w:js a
'success and we; doubt not the wis
dom.of the trustees in, establishing it j
From tTie 'JveiMsvH'e Times.
DIED GOING HOME.-
Rev. S.amuei S ! :Burton, who mar1
ricd 'Miss" Mary Ilines, the daughter
of Rev. 'Eyward Ilines,. of Granville
county, N; C, arrived here Sat'urd.iy
night with his wife and-child an in
faiit 18 months !old. The 'rqvei end
gentleman was in the last stages of
consumption. He had' eomeail -'the.
wky from -Fayettevillc, Ten'n , where
'3i-.was the past or, of. a Presbyterian
'clburch, and r.lso -had a. 'large' -male
school of one- hundred scholars, ills
anxiety was to. 'reach' his old home
at Leaksville, 12 Smiles -from tliis
point, and :see it once more. His
father, Mr, Jones W. Burton, ol
Leaksville, with his mother, met him
in Greensboro at the McAdoo
They, reached here Saturday night.
On .Mojiday evening a .comfortable
hack was procured, and the .sick
man, on a bod, was made Vis easy as
lying in a rooni. . 'The hack dl-ove
two miles an hour. Mr. Burton? and
the young )rca'che.r,s wife were ii
the hack with him, j Dr. John W.
Smith, of this place, followed behjind
in a buggy containing Mrs. 'Bufton,
(the sick man's mother,) and his in
fant child. Sad, sad, it was, as they
crossed the bridge, tin a-half mile ot'l
Leaksville, in sight of his old home,
he drew' his last' breath, and his
spirit "crossed, oyer the-' rivern as his
.body had just Crossed the bridge.
Mr Burton was a; graduate of Da
vidson (College; and went to Ten-
ness.ee. some two : years . sinco. . Jle
was ."an ornament to his church and
beloved among all his peonle. - To
j his grief-stricken 'parents, and his
j;mourmng widow .with her tender
j 'young babe. our. reoole would nflpv
w . .1 --- - -
all they have to give, their sincerest
sympathy. It 'is. for God alone to
comfort. Mr. Burton' w.os 2'j vears4
of age. The scene:at the end of the
bridge was truly 'affecting. Amid
the sobs of the parents' and the
young wife, the old toUbkeeper at
the bridge, so infirm as to be almost
ui;ii;il-.x leu un ins Knees ami irom
his heaVt, prayed ' elooxiently ?nd
earnestly. The good citizens . of
T .':n K'..i
lie m warmest
sympathy for the afflicted ones and
escorted the corpse into. town.
r by 1 ?, L. B.
The melancholy days have come
-around college, j
Mr. Linike begins his
immediately after the
There are nearly 180 students in
attendance upon the University now,
wjth. a fair
prospect of 200 before
the end of
the session. UpjStill they
The money beiiig nearly all made
up, an order has been given to clear
out Stroud's .mill-pond, so it can be
used by th J thdents' audi villagers
for skating and boating.
Prof. Sinn nds has'
sickness for two" weeks. rThp boys
rejoice to lu ar that he is steadily im-
jioon be aid;
1 to know that he win.
i to take cliai ge of his
Mr) Darc'has left the Hill, leaving
tion. . He also did a good deal ot
work on Physics Hall, fitting up the
"ns and water ' works tor the new
MivW. B. Phillips, of the Agri
cultural. Kxj.perimeht' Station, will
read an efsajv ,bef ire the State A g-
icultm-ri! Society at. its annual hieet-
ag next wek: the-W iscfof
iy-t.:. . aL ":, l ..::n i .. '...;: j i. ...
rn.iay mgni, aim wiu wo upon iv
subiect of Metrl.
' Tii ere isfa daily praver meeting at
i I- - 1 13 i
7 P. m., in! the 311 C. A.- room.
It" has a -good attendance by the
boys. The '.influence ' of tlie V. !M.
C A. is steadi! v
ihoreasing, all its'
;ehig exerted in a g(od di-
lis a blessing to the
-. essuhidiwdina ' t ime has come,
and -almb.-t every, morning at the
oreaKiast la no ttie "nina or me pre -
ceumg nigtit isj uscusseM. 1 '
night is iille.1 r witli the ho ing of
. ' ,i : . . , , , ?.
horns, and ";tne air with -Uie barking
of dogs land. tli3 ' shouting of .men,
ready and'eger tor the. hunt. 1
One-of the-most, pleasing features
Of" the Dime Parry last :nirht. Was;f
the good behavior of'the voung gen-"
tletnen oflhe Univi-isiiy.
.tenued m largo, numbers and encour-
aged the Laudable work by bestow--'
ing pienteousiy from their well-filled
, m,. o i; L L. ill
purses, oucli iioerality and behav -
must secure the applause of ;
. ; ,
1 x Jiysics iiali is iui(?e.f going a 'coin1
plete ; change. Ttvvili .'be. . divided';
somcfwhat dla.ntn-ll v 'ii.li o :i Ia o.
V. . i ,' , ! . . i
liou room "ana laboratory i.r t he
' . . -.: , i J
s'uuus m applied. ctit-iV5st.ry. It .isfalivis' but the' dbctors said: he coulc
furn;jlcd with convenient gas ami
Vater works. Ventilation will be
almost-perfect. ' Its advantages'" ea-j
not ltd surpassed, an when ami-
rdeted it will be eqna! sf; not saV'O- i
rior, to any in the United "States.
-. r , ' i
. The -hoys are wnrkiig harder this
session thai: any ' prec:ciiig one. As
Pre-s'dent Baltic announced at the.
seion, i tie
will be graded bv daily recitations
ami term sianu, ami not so mucii by
final examination ass heretofore.
This "does away with the practice 'of
The boys:, seeing the
it, have gone hard to
work, for such is the . way to win
success. . . -
fiattl.e has adopted a
his classes. He has a
debate by hi.4 class, dividing it into
debate the affirmative
'and. negative 'of all leading questions
brought up in this department.
Th.is is, a good plan, as the boy can
not th(n depend on" the book for his
j'hh, mib uiusr, reiy ion ms own
thought; It gives the' hoy ,a more
extended idea of the question, by
relying m his own opinion; as well
as by, Jieariilg the opinion of his
classmates. The last ; jsubject de.
bated( was, "Is tlie. division of labor
as applied in
the manufactories of
the civilized jkvorld injurious to the
laboring c'asies ?" It Jwas debated
m - oHtf Hro,i,r nA i 1 x
veiTe -mnst have been benefitted
tpnfobl 'Hv if " Tr .o, J1 : i i . .
. '.V 'V ;v- fMyouu,Pian,
and must be crowned wi.th abttmlant
NORTH C A liQI-IN A- r;
rri,n "Rilmo-b National is o
to beer being sold .on the State Fair
grounds. . Give us your band. '
Raleigh News That was a rare
sight at Clifton's. Mill, in Frankbn
couut as described by Turner with
ovUlent nride at his achievement.
Moses went' there to 'meet him.
Josiah didn't waii't to be met.,
Moses commenced to speak, where
upoiAl Jusiah proluced a coio-bell
and rang it vigorously to drown his
utterances. M -sesI thej-eupon. ac
cording to "Yurners . version, com
menced to wh..siie,:,and so the. peo
ple had the: benefit of a remarkable
ii.ikrumeiithl MV V.-Vcal duet, instead
pf a -debai e iC- the, great1 questions
of the day. I
Haleigli News '. : .Ujlliam Jeffreys',
colored, who was convicted jit the
late term of Warren court, cd' rape
upon a colored woman, and is under
sentence , of death by . hanging on
Nov. Slh, refuses to make a confes
sion. as her says the details of his
' . ....
crime are'itoo ,hornUle .to relate.
This is equivalent to Un acknowledg
ment of guilt. It is sa;d that appli
catioii 'is to be ma.dcf for commuta
tion of the! death sentence to iirj;
piisohnvent',f r life.' : It seems that
this Jefrreys is a vilialn of the black
est sort, lis a white man from North
ampton was present at his trhij to
pic fe charges against him for hay
ing raped; a colored woman and at
tempted to commit? the' same hor
rible Outrage upon a colored woman
in that county. '. : 'I
liillsboro Recorder:, We learn
I that ihu 'operations of- cuymg and cur
tobacco are oing Onvith. grea
The tobacco is , better ri-
, - , i - ni .n.s.,lts are
eoi isid cred as m ore satis act ory tliaii
for soma years past.. .From present
i ii di cations, I he r j o vt ion of inferior
tobacco will be ,-verv inuch - smaller
than- last year. .-.VVUil'i; curirfg is go
ing -oil '.we hear of .more t han the usual
number of barns- burned by defect
ive flues, most probably: Mr.-.:W.
"ii. Anderson,- of this cimty, h.-st one
op. Wednesflav oveninLr lasjv filled
with -very fine t'dmcco.
And err-on. Mr.
I Terrejl and Jos. Uinteal, jalso of this
i L3;, ( ' " 1 " V ,
; . ,-u., , f: HnHvynthr from-
the Q rail gel iiive. .' ' ' - '. "" ' , ,.!
1 1 ,,T., . ' -. ' t :'' ' 1
i W dnvui'ton iteview A gentje-
- , ",,.,,. m,, )t:,.mr,.;i,
tnan who arrived 'iicre Uiw uioniiiig
; jVom South ihwiitial thtts us-' of' a
j bioodvnair. winch occurred at bum
ier. yesterdav morning. . Un luUrs
- d-av. ! night, at Timmonsville, an
- - M'
hii I j entiary convict was
and was taken to umter
guards, to be
s Slimier ,sterdav morning, tlie
r prisoher, who was heavily ironed.
';''? taken-tromaho car and Uie par-
itV Ha'd;. not proceeded far on their
; J - 1 v- . i'-- !.. .
way up town, when the prisoner re
sisted.i His guards wanted him. ! to
f go one: way .nd he wanted t6 go an
other, so-itJ.s- said, Avbereupon ofiq
of the men stepped ; back three j or
-fouf' puces,--drey a pistol and shot the.
l pooridevil tin ee tmes, iu the abdo
i nienjtho " thigh.'arvd the neck. At12
- , , , - i ' ' :i
Uj clock ast night..the man was stil
not possibly jive. The parties were
!U -colored. . No arrests. -Jv .' - j.
Wlmihgton Keview ; The Paw
nee Indiais '-who ' are traveling with
Jhe; jtiltaio JU troupe had never
. . i . . . -. -.
seen i.ue ocean,' aim so ineirgiuue or
guard, tooi them down to ' the
Sound in an ambulance,, and then
had theuT transposed to thb banks
in a sail boat, but-' whether thev
were t ran snorted with ; delight 1 01
joy, or Vk hetirerdhey we're impresled
with the awful, grandeur jof the
scene.- as the broad Atlantic burst
upon their view as they (clambered
over: the Mnlhrcks . on .the ocean
beach, it was imoossible to tell (so
we are iidbrnied) from a casual or
even a close scrutiny ot their inflex
ible countenances. It i,s a part of
the Tidian nature and one of their
chief characteristics to betray no
e rn o U oh' y h a'tcv e r onsttch occasiops.
They gazed long and earnestly', how
ever, at the blue water as it rolled
into 'she) re and Watched the breakers
as they capped and foamed when
they broke upon the beach. The
party returned to the city last night,
. i. ' r': a- ..... " . , .-, 1
no iiiuians ormging with tlrem
quite a number as well as quite a
variety of shells which they had
gathered upon, the sea-beat shore.
A New People. It is claimed
that a new people have been discov
ered in a district of India. They
are supposed to be. 'tlie descendants
of the Jews ' sent t intQ ; that lamkby
Solomon to captire elephants and
Avorjv' in gold rid nes. They call
themselves Sons of Israel, not Jews,
and declare that they have autograph
prayer bobks written by the Patri
archs, arid alsoa 1 written Bible, ah
though Hebrew v has becorhe' almost
a dead language with j them. They
observe the Sabbath, but know i
nothing of the, Passover and Day of
tJI B W E K K L Y ' L j: D (J K i
'Caring- in th0
: DG cit n il 1 reach
i ... ! . i
t)e farmers -of
Alamance, Chatham Wake, Orant
. . -,'(.
and oilier comities, and is therefore
hgood advertising medium.
fffgp Ad v e r t i se m en
ts will I be
stirted in these column on as liberal
terms as in any first class paper.
3Thc; Ledgers circulation is
increasing rapidly, and bids fair to
have ; as large circulation f as any
- j' ' " '
in tho State.
Tiro Fall Season
will soon odcd.
-i j -'j-'; .
should keep up
and every farmer
with the ; cotton, tbbacco and pro
duce . markets.
The, Ledoeu will
, :' . - 1
'f ' 1
furnish the markets of Ifa'leighDrtr.
hriin,. Ifl!fboro, Cliapel Hill, ttc.
-' .' .s -. ' ' ' ' -- '
Arrangements are being rhade for
:.:'..' I, I. ; i .
I . .' - ' -' It I I " -:
yeckly commltuidationa from Raf-
jqigh And other points.
j. ira-jfebiufUR wtn use whatever m-
flifcncc.it may command to have a
Itailroad brrilt id
Chapel Hill, and
Farm A con nected
with the Universi
r. l! -
: .,:.... -Thp
f the Lkdokr will
bp devoted to Literature, Agricnl
ttjirc, Latest New
g, Original Cones-
pondents,' Markets, etc., and 'will
aroid politieal rss hes avmnch as po-
sible, thougtr claiining the 1 right to
1 ; ' :- -. i '.!';
object to A'bnoxio is. men iand inca"
uires. . r
Then, fellow-citizens, subscribe
io Ledgkh and
aid us' in buihliCa
p a good
2T" Office" .opposite the store of
W, Carrj and next door to L- '
The Chapel Hill Ledger (Chapel Hill, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
Oct. 12, 1878, edition 1
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