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0 / 75
TH'E.'WEEKL Yi LEDGER
Dec. 14, 1878
i ItATES OF SUBSCRIPTION
One pony, one year, - - - $1.50.
One copy, sixiobnths, - " - - $1.00
SdS isnbsciiptions must be paid m an
... RATES OF
One square, one
insertion, - - Si. 00
insertion, - - f0c
tSnecial contracts madp for larger
J JLiodg-eir lullijsliinir Co.
-it- i r ' , . .
. 1 'NO TICE. - IF tcitf 6c
pleased to publish any communica
tions ftOM any -person relative to the
good of the people : but any commit
nication relative to personal matters
or tending to lr in g about a contro
verity will not we tolerated. Ed's.
AND THE POOR,
lib? Wealth is what-
i ' I V
ever, men can. realize from nature for
their sustenance and enjoyment. La
bor is what realizes it. Prudence
saves., from it, and the savings be
come capital, which helps to. extend
and multiply the operations of labor,
and thus creates more capital. The
wealthy are composed of tose who
: have inherited 'property 'from others.
I hose, who hav$. acquired it accident
ally,' and those who have realized it
for? theinselveij. The poor in like
manner, are composed of those who
have inherited 'poverty from -others
those who have become poor through
accident ami those who have brought
poverty .upon themselves. . The most
familiar mode of producing poverty
in. by. idleness.. .A' man" will not
of course poor
which he does realize, and thus ve-
oor as if he did not
Izes no wealth: he is
Or he.squanders in
GOOD RESOLUTIONS AND
.j how to; keep them.
s It is customary, with people
generally, to j form newJ resolutions
with the ending of every old year, or
at the beginning of every new year.
It is often fitly expressed as "turning
over a new leaf.!' j People are always
hoping that! the future will be
brighter thanjthe past, and that on
the new leaves pleasanter and better
things will. be written, than have be'm
written on the old. ones, j
And it is well, especially at the
ending of an old year,' to form new
resolutions. The difficulty is in keep-
Merely resolving, unless
follows! the resolve,
' . BY It. L. Ii.
In some respects,
avails but little
the forming qf' resolutions . only to
break them works a positive injury;
for a person who lundertakes to v do
something, t:.nd utterly fails in it
from infirmity otjpurpose, must nec
essarily lose somewhat ot his own
self-respect u consequence
It is well, t lerefore, td use delib-
eration in determining what one will
i 1 ', i i- .
undertake. Think, beforehand,' of
ail the difficulties that will attend
upon what ypu resolve' to do : then
you will be the better prepared to
overcome them. Remember, loo.
Bring along your wood 1 It's nice
to have about in cold weather. ; ?
When will the boys begin to burn
tin; leaves on theCamuus? Ho! for
some fun !. ' - - '
that with every triumph
ing the victory' becomes
more easy. The force of habit is not
exaggerated when it is said to be
"second nature." j '
finnly. As the Bible
weary in Well-doing.
wotK. inc poverty arising -from
idleness will only.be curaTde, as it has
evqr been since the beginning of the
world; by industry. .That which
comes from wastefulness will only.
cured by economy. C
Almost yi every paper we read
we; find . a . horrible account of the
"ruin of some respectable woman by
some fiend in human shape. The
crime of . 'rape is becoming too com
mon in North Carolina, ami should
be met with Swift punishment. Al
though, by our law, the penalty is
death, it seems to. have no tendency
to' lessen the number ot cases. We
- are,' and rail good citizens should be,
opposed to lynch law, but the time
villains do stop their hellish assaults
ue of the land, they
up on trees or shot
will be hung
down like dogs. You can insult a
man and trample on him as much as
jOnr please, 'provided he will allow
it jmt in the name' of all that is good
-Sve beg you to touch not our wives
and daughters;- will jn-otect
thetn ul ony crjst. , . .
On the other hand, do not allow
yourself to be discouraged by a single
omission, or even, if unfortunately
they should occur, by repeated omis
sions, to perform ;all that you have
resolved on. Renew your good res
olutions, and brace uj)- your pur
says, "Be no
To young persons, more particular
ly, is this habit. ior forming and ex
editing good resolutions, ali-impor,
taut. A little change in everyday
habits; a little increase of industry;
little more time given, regularly,
to study: to the young, such im
provements to affect the whole fu
lure of their lives, are of incalcula
When you are standing examina
tion,! success is a good thing to have
about. you. j
Pres.i Battle, who left for Raleigh
on Monday last, will return the last
of -the week. )
i MA- "j '
Let the gates be closed, so that
the cows. may pot get into the Cam
pus, and straggle up to some Profes
sors recitation room or get on top
of some liaildinai. '
.'- K A- "V.. :
Hickory -ii tit clacking has .taken
the place of all other amusements.
Seven-eightHs Jot:'. the t students ,have
their left thumbs tied up. You see,
thev hold the hammer in the jright
hand. " i 1 ...
A ;g6xl mahy of the students will
spenil their Christmas holidays' at
their homes' While ma:iy others wiil
lemain here and hunt rabbits in
the fields neai' by. What' else they
will do, we do not know neither'
do thev. i I
J ING CHAR AC
It is an alarming evidence of t-tee
demoralization of public sentiment,
at the present day, that
acters are constantly
public and private, and
appear to be exacted of the. libellers
it does not
Great excitement prevails concern
ing the coming election, .which will
determine who shall "sway the rod
of .emire"' at our next Com.mence
meht. The elections will be held
the first of January. Mav the So-
cieiies, as thy have dune, elect nu n
who will be a credit to themselves
and the University. ,
The Agricultural Control -fetation
is in full blast. The business is con?-
ducted by the prominent Chemists
Dr. Ledpux and Profs. Warnecke
and Phillips. The conespon lenee
is directed by, James C. Taylor, B. S
May they smell rotten fertilizer
until they can fully appreciate the
farmer who has to handle it. '
as a more
hi eh to base
We clip the following notices of
Mr: Battle, the beloved President of
the . Universi tv, who has been in..
Raleigh attending a meeting of the
- ) i
Boar.l 'of Education, an accqunt of
which will be'seen elsewhere. '
JThe Observer says :
Mvemp Pi Battle, the distin
guished Presideht of the University,
ami who has driven it to a success
that we believe would have been
beyond the rach of auy other man
iinthe State, s stopping a few days
fiii;the city.' j
The Nctrs says : .
."Hon! Kenp P. Battle, President
of the State' University, one of the
leaders of th i.great work of tduca
tion.'is in the city, and honored the
JTezcs with a call vesierdav."
Gov. WaJie Hampton's leg w
amputated on Tuesday last. IJ
friends claini that he will seedily
recover. ' On -the same day he was
-elected, almost uuanimously, to the
United States Senate by" the Le'gis-
at uru of South Carolina.
Tub -pressr ot North Carolina are
calling ou the Legislature to estab-
fish the whipping post.
and slanderers that they
forward any proofs whatever in sup
port of their, chaj-ges.
We regard character
I . : i I
valuable possesion than property ;
and we consider that a
attacks , the reputation
without solid tacts on w
his accusations, deserves to be pun
ished more severely than a thief.
Xl was a barbarous custom that held
men bound to accept a challenge from
a party whom they had maligned ; no
circumstances c:n justify ve tin
Christian practice of duelling; and
yet, when that prevailed, it did make
men piore earetul about slandering
their neighbors, f .
We trust that! the day will come
when a more Christian and refined
public sentiment will exert the same
salutary influence. Words which
will injure another should be we 1
I i j
weighed, and never uttered lightly
to . know that
v erv successful, effort to'make home
t " i i
bright is so .much accomplished to
ward foiling the Kyil One. Never
frown on innocent enjoyment among
children, it is' as natural to their
ae as vour arm-chair and slippers
are to yours, and it is just as proper
tod. Let children enjoy their youth
in all its innocent gayety ; their
future may be dark enough to need
the memory of a happy childhood
to make ;it endurable.
Our Campus is. called beautiful in
Springtime, and it is true; but we
think that its beauty at this , season!
of the year surpasses that of any
season; The oaks which stand thick.
and winch are thedruit -of a century's
growth, hold out their bare arms as
if to embrace a century, of futuie.
prosperity- to the-University. May
thev long stand to the .-protection ol
a free Institution. :
The season of exaininatioiss is now
in its mellow glory.'' These exam
inations '.'are' unusually hard, Avhich
speaks welt for the' University. Out
of two tilings is true either . the
Faculty is the smartest in the State
or the boys are not the smartest in
the State. We don't know, but -; e
believe that iPt he boys Of State dd
not get smarter, the Faculty wil
have to be "taken down a buttoi
hole or two.'' 1
jS O liTH O AKOL.IN A.
TTillsboro i Recorder : We observe
that the new Baptist church at Dur
ham is finished, and the new Metho
dist church is approaching comple
tion. The tall steeple is lifting itself
heavenward, and is a graceful and
imposing finish to an olher-wise hand
some building. We notice also- the
continued erection of new dwellings
and Durham is; daily expanding its.
broportions. The population now is,
hot far from 4,000.
Charlotte Observer : 'the U. S-
jjourt meets in uuanoue-. iiiunw.i).
Judge Dick presiding. It is expect-
1 that Judge Bond, ot. trie uuuyu
rates Circuit Court, will also be
nesent during a part of the session
robablv arriving about, the last of
the first, week, i Altnough tins win
be the first term of this courtf ever.
leld in this citv? the dockets will be
full sufficient tor occupy the entire
Ussion. 'The civil docket is la-gei
than at any other olnt where
the couit isiheld in this State. One
of the most important cases to come
ui at this term is. that ot the opa.i
Ran burg & AsheviUe Railroad, in rel-
erence to the .appointment oi a
receiver! ( 1
: Wilmington Sun : Saturday mom-
my a neyro man wuimu" aionu
North Water" street stepped on a
match in fiont. of Messrs. . Wil aid
Bros. & 'Mebane's storehouse. The
match head Hew off into a bale ot
co ton and one of-the heaviest tires
Wilmington has had this year, was
the.result. The negro on seeing the
cotton rigniti'd, ran to. the- back' end
of the store and told, what had hap
pened, but before they could get to
the door, the bale begun to blaze ami
communicate the Haines to the cotton
next to it. There .were-eighty bales
in the buildit.g, and it was not ten
minutes Ik fore everything on .the
first floor was on fire and the flames
were leaping up the stairway where,
they seized n another lot of cotton.
The total loss is about 88000, 'all cov
ered by insurance. '
Newbern Nut; Shell : 'We an in
the hiitlst of a series cf th.e most
"shocking attroijities ever hearl ol
among a civilize! people. The Ral
eigh Obserar's Bertie correspondent
recites the following as the facts of
a recent most atrocious case of child
murder at Windsor. A :ngro wo
man acting as cook for Mr. Andrew
Craige,?- living near Windsor, u a
taken sick an I .luriiig the absence o
one of her fellow-servants from, the
rooui, gaveibirih to a child,- whieh
she .immediately buried iii'the ashes
upoii the health. The od.n of bun".
ing flesh was perceived, and search
j in the ashes revealeu the horrid spec
tacle ot a new' born ba.be with u it
upper and lower limbs and the "mid
dle part of j he body only i " e 1 1 1 a i i i i 1 1 g;
The verdict of the jury of inquest
was in accordance with the, above
facts. Sick as til s inhuman mother
was, she managed to make her escape
and her whereabouts have not been
ascertained"' " 1 -
r From the ita leigh 'e ws, Dec 1 i.J .; '
MEETING OF THE' 15Ui iuyv
The Board of Education mpt yes
terday morning. Present, Gojvernor
Vance, Auditor Love, Sujrerfntend
ent Scarborough and Treasurer
Worth. : ' n ' : J . ' '
President Battle of the University
was present by, invitation to
his report of the operations
University Normal School o:
arid '.nlstl his accoutits of the)
urer of tlie Public Vand am of the
money advanced by the Agent, Rev.
Dr Sears, out of the PeabodV Fund,
lb,- the purpose of a.dmg teaihers to
attehd l he schools. ; ; . :
The reportv and that of Secretary
Dugger. showing all the details of
theeratipns ot the schojal were
read and ordered; ti be printed, -j
-: The accounts of the receipts 'and
disbursements of the fund were re
ferred for examination to Treasurer
Worth and Superintendei
borough. : ;
; Alter the. adjournment
of I the
'.Board, -Messrs- Worth and fccarbor
oindi inade such examination and
found all correct. "' '
' The Board of Education, express
themsel ves . much gratified, ill tlie
showing 'the report of lVepident1
Battle makes in regard to thptsbhooL
The number of -students enrolled
was 10-2. ':' The average daily attend
ance 321J. ".".' j l;
The number of inst l ivctoi s, ihel tid
ing President Batt le, who although:
mS a teacher, gave eonstajit jatten
tion to the school, was 13. fl'he nutrt
ber of counties rejii esentedj was 59,
repfe.-eiiting all'farts of 'tljie State,
from Ashe ami Clay to P. i qifimaus
and Ilj de. Some forty or iifty edu
cators wlio did not.enroil tl eir names
as students, visited the ; lITniversity
for the purpose (-fobservii g the in
structions, etc. So that about four
hundred and fifty teache
State had direct contact
school. " , .
Before adjourning, the
their own accord prepare
ed a memorial, strongly
their senseof the value M
inal School and retpies'i.i
eral Assembly to make it
A State Teachers AssoUiation Xvas
also for.mottjto advance ttiejinterest of
education, with 'pro ifion for county
associations. This'.boly appoint
ed a committee to miemorialize the
General Assembly onj ihe subject ot
amendmein:s id the schoohlaw. Ihe
s of the
the - Nor
L A. Y
E GREATEST BAIIGAIK8
OF THE SEASON.
i - .-.
as possible, we shall otter our 1
stock of Merchandise for M tlag
Cash, tat prices never reached lVf0' 7
this market. Wc have a nice nsaon.nJ11
NEW STAPLE DRY GOOD
:''.' '..."''.;:'!'' "-'
READY MADE CLOTRINq
BOOTS & SHOES, H A UD.
and GROCERIES. .
U-iJih-em it imneccssary to giVe n0
ations, as such advertising cmlj ii
oeuhiiigon a tew le.uliu .i,..
the merchants without securing aiirn
v.int;iiro to nurehaser? in tlwir io..
bills, f Wc can safely say that our good
have been bought at the lowest'priee
reached this season,' and will b gold ,
a very small advance on cont. Wc
now Jell in:: some goods' at -25 per ceilt
under o flotations civen by'othbrn. a-
jare respectfully invited to ;eull auj
amnie j V . -
IPix v XJp O Ul .. $eoiH, ,
Wc tender our thanks to bur friend
who have stood by us so faithfully
paid ;us so promptly. And 'vo,
mihd tliose indebted to, us thut-wfari
greatly in need of the money. Wehavi
waitetl long and patiently with nn'mcc;
you,? and we know that times .u-eharj
that fhe prices for prioduce are low.anj
itfrnay be that you csuft pay all at mi
timej Come and sofe us. We will C
low jpoiilibend, prices and deal liberallt
with you.; Our inability to call on you
but increases your (obligation to call
and see us and pay' What you can. 1
Veiv respectfully, s
LONG & NORWOOD
Chapel Hill, N. C, Dee, 7, 1878. :
ET XiKtJB BEST.
mm LV f MM J M ' W
I M . . W
commitiee a;e now invest
siilVject and will be ryady
by the time the Assembly;
Congress convened on Monday,
Dec. 2. I Bothjhouses are working
hard, and seem determined to push
matters forward. The tobacco tax
question has been called up bySenaf
tor Withers, of Virginia. Prompt
action should be taken in this mat
ter, and 'the bill should be passed or
voted down at 'once.
We return f hanks to Hon. Jos. J.
J. Davis for public documents.
X. Yv Herald. 3rd.
THE BRIDE OP? DEATH.
A sadder death has not recently
been chronicled than that of Mis
Maiv W. Underbill, of Oyster BayJ
1. I he. vounir laily who came ot art
old and much:iespected fa'milv of thai
place was an orphan, and had recent
ly- inherited a fortune estimated at
$300,000. She was betrothed to Mr
Solomon Towsend, Jr., son of ex
Congressman Townsend, who was a
member ol'the Constitutional Conven
tipn ofi 1840. Many invitations bar
been ssued -for the marriage, whicl
was to have occurred in tlus'citv oi
tThursdav. Dec. 12. A week ajro to
day Miss Underbill took a.- ride n
Central Park on Wednesday she
was w ell enough to address two hunp
dred invitations to the wedding, but
on Thursday Thanksgiving Dav H
was taken ill and died. Dr. Howard!
Crosby, officiating, assisted" by the
Rev. Mr. Vanderwater, of Oyster
Bay. ' Miss Undcrhiil had a largh;
circle Of friends Jaivl admirers, and
Mr. lownsenu lias wide-spread syiri
pathy and bereavement.
Dr., W.; A. Woollen, of Unioiri
Factory, Randolph county,r Tsavs th
Greensboro Patriot, is the premiutin
mri.ip ciuiivaior. oi nis Sam!
pies sent, measured six inches in cir
i i! : : i : i i i
cumierence . aim weigns over ten
pounds. He planted two-tbirds Jf
an acre which yields him over 24u
Wednesday was Newbern s birtl
day. , One hundred and sixty-eighjt
Wilmingl on Sun : The litiJe town
of Lauriuburg, on ;he Carolina Cen
tral Rail road, ,,h as .re.en thrown i nt
a commotion by" the ;oectirit?nces o j
last Saturday nighY. ' The first and
"most serious in tlie catalogue, was
the attempt of a negro 'man' to burn
the town by setting fire to a house'
in the' most thickly settled portion,
i he weather boarding ef the house
was saturated wiih kerosene and the
fire was applied to this. Forlunai fly
it' was discovered .in time to prevent
its making any headway,; and the
incendiary was captured ashort time
thereafter. The next was an 'attempt
on the part oP the prisoner to kill
the (leput y sheiilf which, however,
proved-to be a fa.ilure. Just after
this a while man was ' arrested for
stealing a-'horse; The whole trio
were taken to Wadesboro Monday
niorning and conlined in the jail at.
that place to await their trialsj
Raleigh News : On Monday night
last the bell clanged out t he1 fire,
alarm, and. in a few moment the
red reflection of the flames was visi-;
hie. They Were found tor proceed
from the onetory flame dwell ihg
of B, Y. Rogers, Escj. Mr. Rogers
was in the liouse, lying dangerously
ill in a room in Ithe rear. By his
side was a watcher. Ihe attention
of the latter, was attracted, by the
peculiar crackling noise of fire and
running to the .'.front .jof the house he
found it in flames. -These appedred
to have originated in .the parlor, in
which was a cpal fire and two kero
sene lamps. The fieighbors Avere
aroused, and some carried the sick
man; to a' place of safety across the
street, while others went to work to
save what property, they could. A
good deal was carried, out, but de
spite; the heavy rain the building
burned like tinder. The Chemical
engine-was the first at the scene, fol
lowed by the Bucket Company.
mi r -i -l -t ' .
ine lire uiu no aamage to other
r L Raleigh Observer Ded., 8th.
r CO-OPHRATIVE NORMAL
V , SCHOOL. ' Y .:
Yesterday' (Toyernor Vance re
ceiveil a letter froni II. Morton,
of Greehv'lle, South i Carolina,-;pro-posihg
a co-operative. Normal Insti
t tite bet ween the States ofjNprth Carl
olina, Geo'rtria ami Soutlii Carolina.
The Governor refer red -the letter
,to the Supeiint.endentcofiPubl:c In
st rue.t ion, Mi'- :Scarborbugh. Mr.
Morton-proposes ri , j VJ
. 1 st. That each of the St ates na med .'
eke: ah equal number dot Regents,
.y t welve, who shall 'hav
.ami '"direction of ;ih Instit
School.- ; '
2d. That, each State
or appropriate $3,0D0 towards the
inaiutaiiian.ee- of said school:
3d That the Reirents
the leabddy .Commission.'.forj.aid" to
the amount of $6,000 pe annum to
enab'e them Tlie better to furnish all.
necessary apparatus, . mips, library
t-VJc, lor the school.
, 4th. That each-' State
free of tuition one huudrpd, -.students
in this insiituiio , or as many as each
State may be disposed t send, con
tributing at the rate of $ 30 per an
num for each student. . ,
5th. That student's fr m these or
other Mates may, on the payment ofi
fcdU per annunibe entitled to ail the
privileges of said insfituPion.
'fill. ' ri-i.. - .
Aiiai contriouiions towani
3000 Engravings ; 1840 rages tjuarta
Four Pages of Colored Plaits.
Published by G. & C. MEHUiAS.it
WA RMLY IND bllSED BY.
Bancroft,? j ' ; Prespot, n -'MotlWf'
F. Gfieene IlalleV'k. John (r. Whittler,
X. P. Willis, John G. Saxe,
Elihu Burritt, - Daniel Webster, .'.
Kufjis Choate, ' II. C-ol cruise,
i?mjnt, , - Horace Mauii, '
lore than fifty college Presidents, I
Am the best American, ancl uroieaa
HnrxWjbster :is tlie pretioiiiiry used in
VY fjie (Jovernment Printing Offli"
very -School and Family hoiilillurrt
it tor constant use and rcferemt:
Best family help in training ckiliiitn
to become intelligent men. t
Several years later lias 1-5 more m;?'
i q ihau any other Dictionary, i
ry letiuthorized authority in Courtscf
lL ;, Justice for t he meaning ofw
Etymologies and defiiiitioiw'farln
yanee of any other Dictionai. ,
TjeiommeiKl by Chief Jii-tice U'aiite,
Tl :is bet authoritv lor -ilojlnitiuiip." ?
F A.O TS: ':
Ifeommended bv the State Mirjj"'
tlilferent.States and .by. over o
College Presidents . '. ,
A'bout 3?J,0()0 have.he'ii .placw
in Public Schools by law or by .Stlmo'
; It contains 3,000 ill ust ration
be allowed; ! nearly three times as many asanyonirr
liietionary. . ;'
lliree pictures of a ship, on jage Ii
illustrate . the meaning ' of jnore than
lOO words; '..
- The, sale of Wtbster's Dictionary .';
70 times as great as that ot any other
series of Dictionaries. '
': VALSO '
WEBSTER'S NATIONAL 1''
e the charure
of said in
th e com pi etc en d o w men
stitition be solicited bv
ad also the founding of scholarships,
which may be a;wardel td those merit
ingJtheir benefitsV as sholvii by com
petive exaininations before the State
Board of Educa tion. i '
7th , That the school shall be lo
cated in the city or town presenting
the strongest claims, and providing
the best buildings for iti use. c
ihis plan will soon bd laid before
the bouih Carolina Legislature.
. Though' the plan, in the main, may
be.good, it is hardly probable that it
will meet with favor at! the hands
ot our authorities, on account of the
Datent imnral inbilit
patent lmpracticbility of
some of its
Innocence is like incense from
heaven. It is a lull-blown flower
among thorns and brambles; it is
the lily of the: valley which refreshes
and gladdens the sight.
m f - 1 - . . . f . m mrmmm. - L. -
'. wnmington fetar: Talking about
t)ig-potatoes, Mr. vv. Ti Moore of
iiiurion county, . U.. wr tPs to a
friend in this city, as sdd friend in
formed us yesterday, thdt he has a
potato raised on his.farml which turns
the scales at the enormous weight of
thirtv-sije pounds, and jit was not a
good day forudigging taters,veither,
when that was brought to the surface.
That is what mav be clalled a com
bination of a whole patch in one
TORIAL DICTION AU .
1 (W0 'Pages Octavo. - 000 Engraving-
! -. I ' ' .
Is it not rightly claimed tMt
81,000 ,x ,;,KMin,s'
AND COMMISSIONS TO A-,:
' ;. '..'':' -; ..' ; .' . - - i
AGKNTS AKK WANTKI
very yost town in tlie LTniied Sta
end subscriptions to tlie
Send five' cents for copy and terms1'
IIAWKEYE PUB. CO' '.;
' 'Burlington, lo'
r . ; DAV I s,
PennnnPiiMv lorntnl in Durlm".?
Chapel Hill. .Office "'will be oven
Cliipel Hill twelve davs of e:u W01""
frojuj the 12th to the 22d..