North Carolina Newspapers

    ('11.111 LOTTE
TUMSIMY, OCTOimn 19, 1824.
[KO. 8.
Lt Tduyt DotXAns a teah, paid in adtavce.
I '*'9'*
No pspff'A'ill be (lii-contiTiMcil, tuiless .it the
d':scr«ti'jr‘ of the editor, until all ari-«‘ar:ii.3-es are
Ai'VEPtist.ments \vill ho inserted at the ii'uil
ntcs. persons scn'lii-i}f in :idvo)nl-,cnK;nts, ave
Tonwcstfd to note on the ni;ivg-in the Tuiiiiljcr i)f
inse rtions, or they v’il! be continued until forbid,
siul cliaiyed accovdinf,''ly.
T)fduration of Ivdipetulrnre^
I?v the ('itizcns of Mecklenbtirs^ Covintv, N.
M:iv 20. 1775; niid by net of tlie l.eyislature
cf Norih-Cui'olina, April 12, 1776.
The lollnMins^ Address was dVlivcrcd
in Hopeweil Clnirch, Mecklcnburi^ coun-
to, N. by Doct. M. Wmshm JiU.miukr,
pii v'uais lo a very appropriate ami clo-
pu‘iU discourse delivered bv t?ie Hcv.
John Jl illium'do/iy Pastor ot :iaid Ci*iuch,
July 5, 1824.
J'\II;m'-CUiz€)iR: I ha\c this (K'lVthe lion-
I'r of ijein^' appointed to r ;n! tn you the
l)i I larutioii ol‘ lndi‘pciul')iro. nuule bv
(.’t.ii^ress on the •Ith of July, '776. Rc-
foK jiroreeding lo read tliai ili^nillod and
.ili important production of our govern*
inciu. 1 ho])c it will not lie considered ir
relevant to the business of the day, ^lor
Vtpui^nant lo the feelings of n-ue patrit)i-
isin, if we, the citizcns of I\lo'kienl)iirg
-toujily, sl'.odld claim a more, than equal
hono!- in that Iransartiou. From the sen-
vil)ility V hich has latterly existed auiong.^i
our members of l'ongre.'>s on this subject^
ami the excitenient which has in conse-
tjui ncc heen ditiuscd thrm.gli the 1'ntli.d
Slates,’ (he high honor and ieelin^; impc)i-
tiuice of this event may be audu*.
More correctly to e'aiimate the impor
tance of lhai honor we now claim in t>r
hull'of ihe citizens of this Comifii^ :(iid of
this S/a/r, let its j)a>is ovci- that citcuni
scribed view ^vh^ch is generally t.iken.ol
tlii.s subje'. l, and devote our limitcU mo
ment in tracing lheell('cts, dev. lup.-d b>
those jiriticipies rculiing fi orn ilie estab
lishment ot Iittifjit:uih'nvv, o;, dui'-
sclves. (jii the woi Id at large,—o:* liie ^'en-
trul dv'siiny of num.
1 he jjolicy of previrnis air* the riost
extensive and i-elined views tr[' »•’. grvalcst
pt liliciaiis of ])i-fvious nations, hu’.e
iiniimited (on(p(est ; or, as a last resul t.
i!uy ba\e always resohed the jieace, har-
n juy, aim happiness of nations~into an
equilibrium of power ;—hence the great
desi.h'i alum, the grand climax of polit\
:a hui'ope, has been to establish that po
litical balance on which they rest that ef-
iicacy ol political order which alone pro-
li'cisihem from the greatest naiioiial ca
laniities'—hence the necessity of stand
ing urmics—h( nre the degradation, th(
Vassalage, !!,(> miser\ of mati. How un-
civ ibzt'd, |\ow bai baKJus, how brutish the
prir.cipie tiius to substiiute jxni'tr tin.
ex( lu'-ion of the iviined and uu,re opera-
ti\e pi'iiu iples of virtue, intelligence, im
♦ioiial jiisuce and e(jual !) »••'.)1mh r, as
the louiulaiion of national uiiier, oi‘ le
«.ipi'o^ 1,1 happimss.
^.•\n!i'i'i('a altjiii.' has re\(‘rs‘tl (!,is
oi things, by e^tal)lishing a irntfiit C'oii-
MiliiUon, Sum tioucd bv the /jmjik—Ijy
idenlilxiny- the indiviiliial with tlie na
tiouiil inlerests, and thus ))ermanently es-
lablishiiig the pou('r and ciu i'gv of gov
‘•rnmeiit yn the alVrciions of thi- ciiizi n.^.
-ll' iice our exam|)le and iniluenci- ar(
d-e.ided by despcHs. Iluu'e the open,
nn.i and (lignilied |)»jlic> pursued by t>ur
1 iesj^riit ill Ills mes.iagf lo unr j-st (’on, as to S'Miih Americiui indc-
l»i')Kleiu e. and as i> »ur riiHitson tin' l*a
cilic coasts, has made that league ,f I'es
pois (ear and tremlile, and  jus'd r\en
ivussia to accwle to every principle of na
Ut)ind justice and recij)i-nci[\.
V'e, as a nation ihe mo»i highK fa\or-
‘’d b\ heaven, ui-,« indi pviidenl, pi«»s
I'l'i'ous and hajjpy : jjlenty smiles v. ilhin
'in' Ixjrdci's peace eiu )ui|)asses out
5^ 'oi e«. ^ Ih'i’e VC en joy fire aiu' iiubias
■ 'd sunriige, ihe only p;))!.>diuiu of per
’"i'tn'iu. and correct govern
JiK Ml ; by \\hi( li talents, iniegriiv, moi
?"d poliiiral e.seelleiKf, beeim.e ilie (-ual
atioiis to olli( e and lecpii^iies to pr
luolioi). line we are !)lessed. with ;
^‘liconirolkd lil)eriy of the press, ivt;!)!..
^'d ulone by intelligence and \irlii( —
''11'ioi.t M iru h iiiicriy is liceniioiiMir
taught by the e\periei;ce of a.^
Knowledge coiistimtes the pow.'r.
'’■'-•n and ^^uluv t!,e uealth and hai.oi
ol nations,—liirrarv. «ieienii!]c an*
-'.'fous Iiistiuuionshave sp,ead tiu ir il
As a nation we now stand exalted above
our iellow-mcM. Discarding the Utopian
princi))les of tlicoietic philosophy and
sophisiicalpd policy, our Cabinet, "unwa
vering and candid, dignified and prndetU,
resting on the firm anrl impartial princi
ples of national justice, of free, .Miiial, and
reciprocal intereotirse, have, latterly borne
the palm in all our diplomatic intercourse
with foreign nations, and have written to
conviction, and thus frowned to silence,
very atlempt which has been made to
drive us Iroiii thos»' principles which have
marked our march to national preemi
nence. {(()
Our Navy, in 0])position lo every eflort
ol visionar) policy, jjusillanimiiy and. set-
tional jealousy, lias rode triumphantly
over the waves of prejudice, and in every
instance, on evpial terms, h:>s borne our
star spangled batmer vii lorions r)ver the
couchant liritish lion. Whilst by land,
our patriot band of undisciplined free
men, impelled by love of country, and
“"‘■‘ling and am.-liorating influenre
• Thus has tlie t/er of civil and religious
liberty been.planted here by the most en-
ligluenec! j)atriotism ind nourished by the
ptirest virtue. Its fruit has b('conie the
hapj)iness o‘ millions : its shade defend
ing tliein from the malignant rays of an
archy, jx-rsecution, bigotry, and tyranny
—iloiirishiug Avith imjnortal youth, and
blooming with unfading verdure—its fruit
will increase with the lapse of time, and
ita branches extend to the confines of the
\Vho would not then glory in being in-
stnimentiil in originating which has
led lo such all im]iortunt. such happy re
sults. And who can so justly boasi of
originating this happy er?u as the people
of f/iis Countfj., the citizens of tfm Htutc ?
Our claim is laii'ly and honestly asserted
—it is our indubitable right.
conformably to these regulation.s. And
that every member present, of this dele
gation, shall henceforth be a civil officer,
viz : a Justice of the Peace, in the char
acter of a “ Co>n>tii/he-mnn," to isstse pro
cess, hear aiul determine all matters of
controversy, according to said adopted
laws, and to pre.serve peace, union and
harmony in said county ;—and to tise c\-
ery exertion to spread the love of country
and fire of freedtnn throughout America,
until a iiKire general and organized gov
ernment be est;d-)Iisihed in this province.
After discMssingthe foregoing resolves,
and ai'ranging bye-laws and regulations
for the government of a Standing Com
mittee of Public Safely, who were select
ed from these delegavs, the whole jiro-
ceedings were iinHnimously adop‘.»d and
signed. A select committee vvasih-.'M ap
It was on the lyth ol >lay, 1775, that | draw a more full and deiinite
a delegation ol two representatives from giatenieiit of grievauf es, and a more for-
each mihtia company ol Mecklenburg deeiarati(;ii of i*id pendene.i>. 'I he
I comprising the present conr.* Delegation ihen adjouraed about '2 o'clock,
guided by that heroic (lenius ol undaunt-, ty of Cabarrus, met in the town of Char- a ■\j ryi-.y -,q
ed patriotism and unbiassed rectitude,'lotre. You will now ' . * •* •
liriJh''n ^n"7' meeting, as draw n '
dath gtoan oi expirmg iintisb g.t;ry. | and ccrtihea by then cleik, and deposited , independence, (believed o be
diawn bv Dr. Kphraim lirevard, chaii-
.... w./ I 4../1 ..11., ui cioiiiv XII mi c laii e
l)tessed humanity of
welcome asvhim of h
But our national polity, erpra’iy 1 m the -safe' of Gen. P. fi'. Davie,
ons as energetic, has here sOordefl tu op-1 ii^r me ijeneiitol some iiiuue historian:—*
clime, the I “ Agreeably to arrargements made by
(be niost respei table citizens of tlnscoun-
ly, ('ol. I’hf.mas Polk issued an order lo
'1 0 captains of each militia company in
ilii.s couiity, directi7ig each company to
alone on earth, the sons of Af>i'ahaT!;, af
ter u vsssalage ol 'two thousanrl vea«s,
may become citizens and ( njoy the biess-
ings of civil and religious lil)erty. Here
alone has been attained the full objeLt of
human go\ei-nment,—the perfect if)ii «,n'
civil |»IU>,—Uunv,u,!iai>ium'ss:_l,i,.pi. j„ ai„! i:o,trallv to adopt niea-
IICSS LS juslic,-,-,U5tic>' 1, l.iKi-y. ..Mriculr iiu',Msdv« iVonf the it»
alone has been established lho>e i ivil and 1 sroj n,.
^ ed tiieir mvalu
nu'ii of aid Committee.', vvlucli v. as n-
ii.uii.iio)isIV -il'iji'oved an»l s'gned ; and
vv iTu ;t, together wi'h the foreivoiiig r.-
solvt.'s. WHS publicly read -.iiid prorlaiiiied
tVoni til! ( iHirt-1 dooi. liy Crdo.vel
'I homas t'oiV, i-. a large ii'id iipproving
elect two persons, and delegLite to them j cont;oui se /i cit'/'us, w ho had convened
;)mple powers to devise w ays and means \j sa>n.ri.>’i the i> o-..- edings of their dele
to aid and as'^ist their suflerin.e; brethren
mot a! principles, whirlt miiL nliivnate!';
iriu to secure ununpar-
le rights, j)rivilegcs and
I lilKM.lie*'., lVoT)i the cioroinaiit j,iasp
I linrish imj'josi'ion and.tyrr.iiny.
inlluence every age and > lime : v .ik ii v.
quicken with the lapse of y-irs ; ;ij'i^;>d
as they endure, and brii'hieji a.-, rh-y : In cimf^.-rmitv vO s;tid v.'rder, on the ^'*h
spread, iintil they will eradjc.iie iha' spir- j dele«ratM.n met
It ol civil intoleriuice. aod l,rej; rh,,sr 1 ci.arlutte, vesfd w ,th unlimited po.v-
spu-itual fetters, lorge.l by s-.d>^lety and,|which time ollkial news arrived
riveted by superstition, which for ages the biittle of Lexiiigton on that dav of
have shrouded M the cral an^i rehgn ns, preceding month'. Every deie.ate
moral and phy.sical powers ol the hu-i .an u,e value an'd importance of the prize.
and the awful, and solemn crisis \\ hid.
had ari^vei! : eveiy b'.som swelle l witi
indiginti;'*! at tlie iiialice and insatiabie
i!'(. vcnge de\e|(>jiefi ia the late ait:n is a:
j I .exii;gton. The Uiiivt-rsal senliTiicnt vvas,
llci. ns deliberate—let t:s c'd-.i.ilaie the i^-
mind, in darkness, ign-'rance and .ip:.ri!y.
To this period in the tiv toiv (d man,
to those views and principles deveiopod
in the establishment of oi.i Jidepv/i'ieMce,
we justly attribiiic the oii'y corre:i u-i-
derstanding of the er:l and rel.;;ioiis
rights of nuui, and tlie conso;a; n.t
joyment of civU and .-eligio is !iO't
(,)n these jirincipies is here I'uum
only government tliat has ev i r t:\i->lcd t)n
earth, where tlie i digi'.ns has nut been I
sue—ihe pro!>a:’'e i-esull.—and t’x'u let tis
a', t w itb euei gv, as ;)veUiren leagi.ed v.
11 ^tne I pvescrve our propcrtv, our lives, and v» luit
s Mtlll more cndeaiing, the iine^.'es >)!'
-\nieitCJ. Coiii’oriuahlv io i’uj vicu, liic
)lended With the civil .a.^Hiuiion- ol  ,c.anized.'
country, i he g) eatest i.i\iHun.s ami jdii-j
losophers, atic^ tl'O imsst eroineni div ines
of previous ages, havj ?i..i ? vfrii trraied
1) KI. F. C A ■ r £ S J M} r F, \ T,
.1 no. M’Kmu McxaiuUr,
A d un aU \;.:i ! r,
« t.uries Ale\.Miii, ",
7. i-.hi.u.s VV il-un,
\> ‘tsX'li Av(M-\,
Nt • i>ew M’t bu'c,
Iv.mI snirrisf'r.,
lif.'tuT! Il’V'M'.
i'l.’iiKik, .n,
L'uval lii'tM.
this subject as probiema'.ical ; but, ))
ed with the illusions ol a I '.llianl
istry, ami mistaking the sph nd'd delin
eations of courtly conseipieui-t; and sujier-
stitious rectitude for tlit benign
of correct morals and i)ui e religi >n, they
have universally maintained t!i it reli.gio.1
could never long exist uncorrnpted, w ab
out an establishment—without ihe I'lan-
date of a tyrant and the coercion of per*a!
sanctions the most sevce.
To America, under tlu- fosieriiig/band !
(tf a kiuil providence, has l'»*en coniideri
the almost miraculous d» volopement of
the fact, that a ])Ure and uncorrupted rr-
liijion ean better exist w iihout th.m w ith
the aicl and coercion of eivi) authority.
These are tin; \rws aiul piinciples
which have impressed the powers and
t licited the brilliancy of the hnnuiii miiul
with stub em igy, and pointed iisrxerti(in
to such a pi'orua:)le and si)leiidi l »Mem,
lh;'t the asioiti'.lu'd eye nf vvoiid'-r g.i/e;
on the I'lil'oh’ing mysteiies of !:i'.iTliot!.
und cheei'l’iilly ( oncedes tiial '.if u'.rl'ul Mkb ubin.e-couni\. do )i
inventions and ii*- „t' t'-.e I: :/. | tiu- political bumU u l.i b h,i\e  onuee’.-d
ihirly years Iv.ive far tr:\i. ■ ■ miea ii, )se ol'j a.s to tl.c motbe!' eounii v. und heie!>y alj-
any entire pi-evions centnr' - i ■; dve ourselves frinii all all^'giam e to the
'I'he knowled;re diliiisi d llirougl^oni tiie I llri'tisb crown, and abiuie all polilii ;d
Thos. Polk.
r.:tl>n(i: i lireV.lid,
,1. iJiucli,
Wiliiain Kciia,./n,
Jiil.ii l oi'd,
l. ici.urd Ji'.ny,
li-'-'ry l).)svns,
1 ...rra A kwMid*"*,
ys dJrini (.-jMjiaia,
Atirahaiii Alexander,
Abraham Alex u-de'* wp*: M.-'n eh c»ed
Chinrmnn^ John M'Kiiiit Aie\ inder^ 
/viler a iVee and !''d! Iscnssioti oi' iV* va
rious objects for vv hii ii ih- de'eg.ition had
been convened, il was unanimoa.^iy or
l it. Ufsnlrcd. 'I'hat vvhnioever directly
)r iridirertly aliened, or in any .wav. form
or manner, i;onnienaut rd the un-'liarten'd
and daiigeious invasion of nut iKdits, as
ciainied by C«reat UiMi.iin, is an » nemvto
ihis I ounlry. tu Ait». r;i t, md io ihe inhei-
ent and inahenalM'e l ijdits oi' man
2d. Ji'ffio/iril, 'I'hai w-'. tie,- i llv.i ns oi
'.,1/.'.V pixr'ouH to thv JJcc-
\ji '.tJi/ice Iji^ Coiigrr.'f.'i.
of the whole proceedings
• out anti attested, and C».pt.
IJ sa>ii.rr.>’i ta
'l(l/ri!in?l j
A full i-opy
wa.-. dien-tiuuh
,!(->jirs Jurk^ of (. hai'lotte, was deputed as
express tii Congies.s, then silling in I'hi;-
ai'.elphij, .iccomjiaii) iiig said pnw.e.edings
w ith a letter addressed to Kicbard Cus-
wi il, \Vm. lIooj)er, and Joseph Jfugln s,
'MU tl'.( n repn'sentatives from this Prov-
in I—enfoiiiine it on (jur said repri senta-
tives U) ii>e .ill possible means to have the
said ;;roceedi(,gs .'.anctioned and approve«l
L;. th.: (.-tiiCi ai C.iii^'-ress. On tlie return
of ( .ijit. J 'ck, the Delegation le.iined, by
;oiut 1 i.‘r from satd three rei)ceseuta-
., tl'.'i theii- proceedings were jnt4i\i-
ii.div g pioveil by the meni!)ers oi’ Con-
Si, t;iit that it vvas deemed preinaii;;e
to i'iV ihem b»dor» the House ; recum-
m- ndMjg perseva’i aiice, order, energ^v . uc.
I iie Committee of Safety, of ■" hich
Abri'ham Alexander was chairnia’t. liekl
iheir regular and stated meetings aJier-
nou'ly at Charlotte, at James Harris’s,
and John Phifer’s. This was a livil
court, founded on military process. P>
ioithis judicature all suspicious persons
were made to appear, who were formally
tried, banished or bound to good behav
iour. Its jurisdiction w'as unlimited as
I ;rv ism, and its decrees as final as the
l onlideie. ■' and patriotism of the country.
Svvi ral were arrested and brought before
ihi;mfiom 'I'rvon, (now Lincoln,; ilowan
and the adja'-ent counties.” (/>)
It is also iiighly gratifying to every cit-
v.e-i ( f this state', to learn, that at oui
i’l'Ok iiicial A'^sembly, Indd at Halifax, mi
;)-,e ; ?iti of April, 177(>, a law ii.iuDiiinooslij
])assi'ii the House, authorising ati! em
powering our n presentatives in (.Congress
to cc.neur in di claring the L niled Coloni'-s
Tree and Independent—to loi ni ior’Mgn
alliam es. 5>;c. 'I his was nearly l/iii'ci/muttis
jnevioi's to the dei laralioJi ht Congress,
and stamls the Jtrut Iri'iilo'ii'i ■jrt on the
subjtt l of liuh.j)end( nee in the L'nite«l
Slat's. 'i ll*’ flelegales Ironi t!.is  o'iiitv
■ . •> - I m rt u'.u r oi
at that tit,i‘ were J(din Phifer, Kobeil li- nmi'sly tenevirrcd ili','.
win, and John M’Kniit Alexander, fr', 177^>.
would not g;lory in such ancestors*—w ho
would not emulate such virtue—v\'ho would
not sanction such principles? Principles
which have so pre-eminently distinguish-
etl, and crowjied with never fading laurels
of mental and moral grarulenr, those illus
trious j)atriots vvho occtipy the lirightest
pages in the hisiory of human gieatness.
Principles which consiitute that germ of
human happiness, which, depo.-iiied in its
proper soil, s[>rings up to luxuriance and
bears tin' bloom of bliss—its fiuit is that
balm of life, which secures and perpetu
ates the I’elicity of n.ian ; and its unfading
vcrdurf', fanned w ith the virtuous zephyrs
of civil and religious libt'ity, beautifies
and ‘mbeiiisbes the scenery of life, and
coolly sluttjes cju.' pilgrimng.- down this
valley of toll, anxiety and tiouble, to that
peac-cful bourne from whence uo travehcf
(rt) It 1*5 perhaji'} iiuj);ualk ?ed in the lii.story of
nuti(et:il diploiiKiey, tli;vt tv i v iiistanre, (i.ov
rer.'ilk I'teii) frouitlu v.irious inipurtant
se.liji cts disMisscd !>• tbt f I I ;ily ol' t.lK lit, Slid
tliose iliHifidties ni isiiij*’ uik'h r i‘, toj^-t.tlu r v\ ith
hII jui' .siil)snja'III coliision.s witli ^,llnllilld,
^(jaiii, i'i.iiicc :ilid Uti'-iii,-- l)n- i vi rvvlieliniur
kl■^■llMl( and eori'etl. pniieipii *, us;>uiu* i. L;
V- our presi ul \ceri tary of Stul*',
leive proiliK'ed :ui er.tiu .e in t!lo^.
povwivs to the eonect^lC■^s oi' .\iuene;»n piinci
pJi s ,uui jMibej-.
\l>) 'I'lie follo Ai'i'^- cCiiifiua(; Is in our posseS*
siO'l, ^iz;
NCU rnrAlMH.tN-A, ? 28,1775.
ll(> LOI N TV ^ ’
riitst inuy ctitify, to all \vlion» it Ilia} con
cern, tile be:4ii.'’ ii n:oi’, \\ illi:iiii lit adcriion,
i.s allow cU ln;r- to be a true iVieiid to labertv.
anvi si^iitrd tliL A ^soei'ilioii. Ti rtitiid by
AliH’M. AI.K.N ANllKlf,
Vhainncn nj the ( 'ininiitfH: of
Dunn 'viid Hootli, two htwy  i f. i« .'.ulmg'iii Salia-
bnry, R(iv.;ii! eoenty, tuiviiij'- tiiie;Hein.d to luivc
lliis delegiitioM nrresti ii iViv tn iisnii, tiu- Coiu-
iiiitiee ot .S ifely l^l.';ned an uil« i lor their unest
—:i gu;iVd v\ as yi nt >ii to S;disiitiry v^itli sa.ti or-*
d'i'--ll»ey w I'l'e ;aTi-hl( d, f)r(iii}.''lit to Cleirh.ttr,
:iiid li iiiitilii d 'o i Ii.irieslon. S (’. tic 11. (.eoige
ir:dijiii, iio'A ne;ir (!ii:irl'»He, «;(•> raic of
tin; giiunl w li(,i ( s(orted. llu 'ii tiH/in ( li;irl(.tte lo
C.iuuImi, Mid l>_‘liveiad ilu in to ('itpt l liesmit,
v!iu, III a ft vv tit)in% set o'.t. widia u ta- luiieiit
uf ’h's (;ii:dr^ to oljiee tle’iii iti (Jiafli stoii.
’( li; C'iMilu-il (III iit>i la.'laii'c io ilif tinns
actifdis in ('li.'riot'c, ol N! n 1‘nh uui 20tli, 177.'),
by « itui. (leoi'gi; (indrini, dii.eii lli.m'iiison,
.loii.'is  hii'k, !>oii n litil'isim. .IdIhi sni.e.sor., (ii
..lecivit I'ljiu'i;-(. oii'ity , und of . .hiiiu s J:ii:k
:iii(] the Ik" . I'l’.uii is (Junnoms. dI ilie St.ile of
tn'orgia. :>s ijiii-lislieit ie i [lanii ld't, at kali -gli,
’ ill, vtinist, lio anay ;Ul lo'iuts, ui.d put
all difti'.iilties to xi on tlii.s siibjt e*. "
(r) As die .(oiirii:>l .if’the (Provincial \.ssenil)ly,
hrld ;it /I dif:*\, \ju'i[ i, I77#i, is i'l tlie pos.seshion
'jiM ry fe>v, •!. ot lln Hcsolvc, it is presuiu-
cil. Will lie :>.e i.p.ribjo:—•
“ 'Die S» le t (Joniniittef 1i t.ike into coiisiile-
ni'ion the iisiirpAtiotis imi v iok-Mres attt inpttrl
and coTUiiiti d I)*' 'tle^ King and l*:irli;*nu“nt of
Ik'itaiii n^'-ainsr. \n,e»ie.u ind'lie furdier nicus-
iin s to l)e t-'keii !>r fn''!^atijijj' ibc same and for
tIu beltei- defeiict; of this proiine':, renort as
follov.fl, \i/. • 'he;v ♦V>ll;»„'; u nafdcuUr ard for.
nial .statement ol' gri.-vunt !kc.) .\nl where
as tin motlerilioM liilheJto u.i ilfusied by tlie
I'liited Colimi' , and iheir s'luer.; k* si re to be
rccoiu'ik(1 to Ih'; nio licj'.•'jiii>,;y on consiitu-
tioiial pri.ieijiles, liavj pio'.ai-*' ! ao uiitii>;ation of
llie nffin iiiid wrongs ;ind n>n: itioiis, and n'j
livijii s K-niain of oblainiuj^’ le Ia-s.s by llu)se
iiaiiiis idoiie. which have hit!n'.!') bc''n tned,
y:)ur eoiiiiiiitice are of ori'iiion I'uil the House
sluiuld eaa r into the. I''ig Iksoive, viz:
J{/.s,i'n:it. 'I'll:'.' t.he delcgucs ol tliir. Colony
in tin; ( ontineiit 'I O.’Mg/e v. be tmpcvvered to
 oiiciir witli the d'd'-giiU b of 'iilier tJoiomes,
ill de'jia' ing iiirt'pi ;t.nd ;"o’”''rui^ Ibreigd
aliiuiicts, resen iiig to thi‘ eob'iiy die anil
I lii'.ive right ot'i'o -niiii)^ ••. > un.-Mii|(itei and >awif
(oi- l!iis eoloji) , a 'd )' ;'|>;)iii')liii^- dt lejfases from
tiiiif to time iiindei" tie- .iiiv ctio'i ol' ,i geii« ral
, r- |ji-i.s( iiialii.'ii ’hi leof. i to ne t ■ t'u; k-Ienatc(J
j t.r the oilii r i oloiiiev, ,"(ii’>n'.h |)Uij)Os s as shall
i)f iiiriulti r ;)oiiit'.-l ijut ” 'i ie- ilousc una>ii>
1*. gu ii. April 12,
‘ J' our hmtl. umNiuvepLoiiitVd the ability
■ tei j)i ise (jf ()[(r ' ''
111 be
' lli/eii:'. to i-v,
‘'-ut and iinpruv cuieni.
ne.iciui inie’. a.d vmbcliiJiti-
world, in consefjueiiee of these (.uri'OCt
priiK iples. has not only laid the fcninda-
tioii, but lias given rise to all tiiose char
itable and patriotie insiitulions which
la'terly hAe done so mncli lioiior to the
hum;m t h:trai ter. 'I'he energy and en-
li I’prise r stilting from the-,e views, havf
originated all ti;ose i'ihh , missioiiarv, (d-
ue;iiion, ;;!joliiioii and o:her iusiitiitions,
v\ hit h ;iie iio-\ extendint,'- liieir amelior.'i-
tliig throu;.'-li evt’rv region and
I iiiiie : jt.-o^ h.iming giar! liditigs of great
ov . ])i ace on e.irth and ;,ootl will tovvartls
When we thus view the declaration and
esla!)li'dimeni of Amerii .m lndepe?idence,
in all its extensive bearings, and trace
those coiiseijui lu'es vhich have already
resulted I'roiu it to ilie welfare and bappi-
II's.-, f)f the bnmaii ruee, we are lost in ati
iiliiuitaide scale of t'vents, which, from
I hi il proj^ressi ve inert and .sih.'iit lapse,
have perhaps not sutlicieiitly arrested the
atteiitimi jf American'; : l.nit w hlrh ve
must pi (niounce the most important eiioch
that has ociirred sinee th'- liirth of Chi'ist,
and the ctdebration fit vv hl( h ought to be
h.indefl down, with reli'.i;-ioi!s veneration
and evutitude, to uur j)o7rcrity.
It oii^lit to be observed^
l iuu .1 tl) cVv.rV I.IW {iab!;v.d
was “ Ll.
th'ii the ennctinjj
j tills Ic^isl'itnre,
'Ph.e boasti'd lesolve (jf the Provincial)
Legislature oi' Virginia, instru' i',n;g' theirl
rejireseiita'i vs in Congress to d« rlaiv.
tiu- L'nited ('olonies IVee and ind' pendeni,! 'I’ln- last ColoniulCon^^re^.; Id March, 1774.
vas p..-,sed the l.uh day of Aia\, 17 7'', |
over one moiit.b aft'.-r the .Sorth-CaroliiKi
citizens, ever) 'ndividiud of whom has de-
s( fiid.efl to the sih’ul tomb:'—but these
ale tlicic liv ing deeds /f jiali iotism, w hich
■ canii jI now tarnish, and which
nant hrea'.li ol eiivy ilurst not
conneclh)ii. conti'act, cji'association, w ith ‘tet, Irom '\ hi h it evidently ji ii'inutrd.
thut nation, vvholuiM- want(,nly trampled Life of P. Henry, page ly j-l.j
on our rights ;md iibn tii-s, and inhuman- j 'I'hise a>-e tiansaction- with vvhieh you,
ly sIuhI the blooil ot .\merican patriots j togeiher v, ith the, eitiy . ris (;f this and th'.;
at Lexington. ■ arljoinin.g coimtirs, have long been f; mil-
;](l. litooli iit, i h;it vv e do hereby de- iai-—these liav e b*en the frecpient tojiii s
ckire ourselves i and independent Lif i onvei sation amongst us for nearly fif-
peoph^ ; are, and ol ii,L;!it ought tu be,a!ty years—these vver«‘ the proceedings of
SUM reign and •^ell gA erning .Xssncia'uoti, our father.', of «.»ur r(djtives, of our ft How
under the control of no power other than
tlialol our (iod and ihe general gcjvern-
m lit ol ihe Coiigicss, to the mainten-
am e o| wliit h iinl.-pMideiu e, we solemn
ly ])ledge to e;ich other our iiuitual co
opt ra’ton, oiir livi s. our fortunes, and our
most siii reil honor.
nil. licfiijtrril, I'luit as we now acknowl-
e«lge the existence and conti’rd of no law
or legal ofbcer, civil oi military, within
this i.oiinty, we do herebv ordain luid
adopt as a riik'id lile, all, ' acb and ev t'i y
i.if oiii’ rormer law >,>—whei ein, neveithe-
less, the crown of C;eat Hritain iie'ver
'•.''1 be considered as holding rlglits, priv-
ilei;'e immunities or a'.iihori*v thei-ein.
5th. /iVso//vv/, 'I hat it i:. fin ther dei i f id.
that all, I'ach and. i v^'v military oO'u er in
this rf-nnty, is here!)\ reinstated itihisfer-
uicr cokiiii‘Utl yncl Iv: itcling
I do ;.t M d k. \ug. 177.5.
.jil i!o Ht li.t'.i'a'., .\j)iil, 1776,
Con'oti'itin, which fornud oi ;• ore.'cut Coiisti-
til l' lij'ifax, Ikec-nil.ier, 177*',
th(i mail;,
I'ovv assail
M ho would '•elincjiiisli t!;e glory of pic-
emiiienth [)artii ipating in those ir.uisae-
tions, wh!‘ !i caa hereafter barely hr
hifnl—wni'h Will forevrr stand linn as
the eternal pi incioles of |usli( —,i model
on the summit ol civil and moral gran
deur, to which aii the beiiK'hted world
may turn iheir e)« si'or a genial and re-
;.;enerating ligbl, untii time shall be lost
in el''i'j!ity, arid this ghibe itself dissolve
in-rhaos. ('ompared with siu h i harac-
ters, what is the glitter of empire, wbat
th.e jiagi'antry of state, or w hat are the
tmpiy uiimcrirrrl titles of nobilUy. W ho
^^'illi.m1 Penn and 'I'homas Story tra-
* liim^ together in Virginia., were caught
a shower of rain, and unceremonious
ly rihellored lln.niselves from it in a tobac
co house ; the ow ner of v. lii; h happened
to be within it,accostud them with “you
have, a great d.eal of impud’tice to tn-s-
pass on my jiremises—jam enter without
le:‘ve—do you know who 1 am r” 'i'o
which was answered no. “ \\ by, then I
would liave you to know 1 am a justice of
the peace;” to which Thomas .Story re
pin'd, trnf frkwt hi re mnkts hucU t/iings
(I.s ttui—tif the Uon rnor of Vi iiiwjtvania.''*
I'he great man ]uickly abated his haugli-
(heat Turtle.^X turtle, more than ?
feet long, and weighing upw ards of eight
hnndn'd pounds, has been taken ofl'Ca^)C
Ann, WiU coiricd AUto Jjysi'ju.

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