North Carolina Newspapers

    iiifiil
PUBLISHED WEEKLY.).
A FAMILY PAPER DEVOTED TO POLITICS, LITERATURE, AGRICULTURE, MANUFACTURES, MINING, AND NEWS.
PRICE $2 PER YEAR In Advance.
RUFUS M. HERRON, Publisher.
ROBERT P. WAftlMG, Editor
itor.
1 tfsjSj
VOL. 3.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 3, 1854.
NO. 15.
I
SBosintw .Cnrta, &r.
s. r. WARIHC,
.Wormy at .rnr,
OJSce in honcrgaiCs Brick Uuilditig. 2nd floor.
; n a k i. ott , If. :.
ELMS At JOHNSON.
Forwarding and f omnii-sion Merchants.
NO. lo VENDUE RANGE,
CHAKLBSTUH S. C.
W. W. ELMS. C. JOHNSON.
June 23, '51. 48lf.
K. HAMILTON. K. M. OATKS.
HAMILTON & OATES,
COMMISSI! JH E RI B A TS,
Corner of Hi ,. 'son aud fjtiurrl Stints,
COLUMBIA, S. &
J inc 9 1851 ly
tk.iio' sr.
N. AVKK1I.I.
T. VH.MIOIM . A to.,
FORWARDING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
ivo. 2 Jlui'ic Street,
CHARLESTON S. C.
liKKKK TO
Hand, Williams & Wi.'rox, I ... .
' . Pulin, Charleston, S. -
.1. K. Harrison Ik Co.
Wiliiams, Dixon isc Co., $
Char'otte, N. ('.
l. I handler, C liatanooa
An;. 1 1 , '' I fim
RHETT X
FACTORS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
As. 1 mi' 2 Atlantic Wliit, ,
CHARLESTON, S. ('.
!"' Liberal advancs aia':e nn Consignment.
I (" S;o-i i! att-iiticiii ifivcii to the sale ( FLair, tun,
v e . anl from o r 1 mg eapvrieMea in tin; business, we
eel emtfiJent f iriviu;j s.ui.-luc'ioH.
March 17, 1851. 34 -lj
Dry Goods in Charleston, So. Ca.
ivroirn.xs or dry (.'Oops,
N..s. CDS ami 31 I K i nr street, corner of .Market Street.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
11 i nt it ion Woolens, Blankets, &.C., CaflMHiagfl anil
c.iri.iin MaterUK. SMkk and Rich Drees Good, Cloaks,
M inlillis and Shawls. Tcraa Cash. One Priet Only.
March 17. 1854 3 1 ly
RAMSEY'S PIANO STORE.
MUSIC A.l .Ml SICAL INSTRUMENTS.
N U H N S & CO.'S Patent
Ptagoaal Grand I'lAKOSj
Hallet Davis i C'o.'s Put Mit
Satpcniton Bridge PI AM OS ;
t( kicker lags, Trtrei s" ami
other best aaakera' Piano-,, at
Ike Kartory Prices.
Columbia, S. C, Sept.
23. 1353.
10-1 y
BY JENNINGS B . KERR.
4 ha riot te, J.
January 28, 9Sit
WINDOW SHADES,
Paper 3E3CaxxsiriSJS,
AT GREAT P. IRGAlNS.
III-'. Mihsrrihcr lias in store, ot his own aaamsfacfare
MhI imoort.itioi: e-norn.i.ns s-t -k of WH
T
SHADES, Oitl "omii es, Paper Hanging, M it i ;;sses.
Satin I), laim-, Dantaakr, Lace and IUulin Cnil..ins,
Tassels, Luana, Ar. All oT wliii li are- otl'i r-cl at priees
thai ara aail I tiall d by all r lose buyers ami ee-oiionucal
laaacdwi j rs.
11. IV. KINSMAN, 177 King st.
Mar24,51 ly Charleaton, S. C.
4 Mini.;;; MacldHCi y.
((ORNISH PU MPs, Lifting and Forcing, Cornish
Crushers, Stamps, Steam Engine, and general
Mining arork, made by the nukscribers at short notice.
LANG. (') K ev ' ().,
Hodson Machine Works,
Refer to Hudson, N. V.
Jas. J. Hodge, Esq., New-Tork.
jn is .! s-, 1 "-y
Xon istt
Pi
I Allows, vi : Tuk Co::msii Pi ariKj Rii.xE, nigh
and low pressure Paaaping, Maanping and Hoisting
Stkaii Km.im.s; Coi:msii i mi s, Sn.vrs, CarsatEKS,
W Means, 1ki Blocks, Pi llsvssI ali si.e. and every
variety of Mnckiaerj tor Mining purposes.
THOMAS, CORSON eV WEST.
jnne 3, 1 1 1-7-1 y
MEDICAL NOTICE.
"I vll. P. C OA IDWELL kaa assoeiated his son. Dr.
1 ) JUSBPH W. CAI.HWi:i,l wiib kin in the Prac
tice oi Medicine. Oiln.'e, Sad story in Kims' new brick
boildiag, m ar the Courthouse.
March 24", 1854. S3 tf
N. n. All persons indebted to ino by accounts arc
rvijucstiti to settle the: same at an early day.
Mar 24 P. C. CALl)vVELL.
The American Hotel,
CHARLOTTE, N. C
BEG to announce t m v friends, the public, and pros
tut patrons of the above Hotel, that 1 bavalaascd the
s line tor a t'-rin ol years Ironi use 1st el Janu iry next.
After which time, the entire property will be thorough
ly rep:"cd and renovated, and the honsc kept in first
Class Mjrle. Tins Hotel is near the Depot, : nd pleasant
ly ituat.-d, rendering it a djsirable house for travellers
u id famines.
Dec 16, 1S53. 221 C. M. RAY.
MARC a Ac sharp,
AUCTIONEERS ano COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
COI-I-MCIA, s. c,
TTI LL attend to the sale of all kinds of Merchandise,
Y Produce, &c. Also, Real and Personal Property.
Or parchase ami sell Slaves, Ace., on Commission.
S.vi.ks R iom-No. 1-2 I Uuhardsou street, and imme
diately opposite the United States Hotel.
Feb 3, lS'il vnos. oaacn. j.m.e.shakt.
Livery and Sales Stable,
BY 8. II. REA,
VT the aland formerly occupied by R. Morrison, in
Charlotte. Horses fed, hired and sold, tlood ac
cotatataoatiiMts for Drovers. The custom of his friends
aad the public generally solicited.
Febrmry 17, 1854. 30-y
3STotico
S hereby jjiven that, application v.'.'. he made to the
next General Assembly of North Carolina nt its n xt
cssion, to amend fhr C barter of the town ofCharlolte.
Aor?5, 185 l .MANY TAX PAYERS.
From the Home Journal.
RopoiiililitR's of American Women.
Tlio sjiring-iime of the Old World has passed,
and we look not now over ihe eastern waters for
the dawn of new hopes, hold aspirations and
bright schemes, bespeaking a wealth of prosperi
ty, for the summer has rested upon tho wide fields
of its clussical and political art, and the golden
sheaves have been garnered for the threshing floor.
Life and aspiration have departed from I he mar
hfe fines of (ireece ; and the expectations of the
world hare lung been withdrawn Ironi its crumb
ling shrines. Rome, with her proud brow crush- !
N to the dust, and the foot of tyranny upot; her
neck, cannot elat.n the tribute, bidding us hope
lur the day when Liberty, clad in spotless robes, i
shall hallow the shade of her time-wrapped Coli
seum, and make again the "city of seven hills"
the proud Mistress of the World. The day ol
ibeir glory balb long gone by, and she rehearsal
ol their greatness of the victories of their Alex
ander, and the royal pride of their Caesars is
fading away in the dim recesses of the past
But ihe world must have its hope and a bright
.spot upon which it may rest. Though the star
ray be feeble, and broken off by clouds, yet if it
giveth but a promise ol better things to be, naught
can break the prayerful gaze of millions. One
deep and earnest longing arises now from the
hearts of the world's noble brotherhood the fra
ternal band, who whether they be Jew or Greek,
Protestant or Roman, can unite their voices in a
grand diapason ol harmony calling upon the
Cod of their fathers for their sacred boon of lib
erty. Monnrchv r.nd despotism have o-rown seed:
their tr asured crowns rest uneasilv upon
their brows, and alien they chance to fall, what
faithful i-Lit d have they to replace them ?
Well may America be proud cf tho hope that
are centered upon her youthful endeavors and al
most untried skill. Well may she foretell a fu
ture's rosy dawn, glad with the fulfilment of gold
en expectations, prosperous in the unceasing
wealth In r industrious band bath planted; When
the nations of the Old World shall turn from the
grand architecture that piks in sublirni'y their
cathedrals against the sky : from their sculpture,
lilts-like with impassione d thought ; their glowing
canvass, their libraries of ancient wealth, and
their moss-roofed cities, to gather from the fresh
and-brilliant stores that decorate and enlighten
the wild Uauty of her clime.
Nor does &he depend for tho fulfilment of her
aspirations upon the brightness of her dream, the
flattering hopes of those foreign to her aid, or
even upon those illustrious sons who lived and
died in her interest. These mav cheer and make
the labor seem more light ; but her destiny rests
with fearful weight upon the characters ol the ;
greal men of the present and future day,
Win n we say it rests upon the character nf
the leading minds that govern us, how quick is
the pi rception of the true heart of our prosperity,
tho garden that nourishes the tree we love.
American daughters have the keeping of this sa- 1
crsd hope, and it depends upon their watchful
care aud interest, a bother it shall live or not.
Can our Republic anticipate an era of sterling'
intellectuality, polttieal wisdom and true morality,
if the preceding generations are nearly devoid of
any one germ of these virtues (Jan we expect 1
another V ashington in the ripened manhood of
one whoso youth was debased by dissipation, cor-
rapted by unrestrained vice, and unpurified by
lhe holy influence of a home and mother? Can
Liberty hope for peers with her Jefferson, Adams,
and other li'xe glorious minds, whose hallowed
light si. II lingers a hies ed memory, if anion- lhe j
mothers of her sons there are none with hearts
of sufficient purity, and minds of true womanly '
mould, to abandon forever their fashionable in-
activity, and stupid life routine, and labor firmly
, i i,i it.. .. , i ir r i i , 1
nnd ho(ji for luc brilliancy of her destiny ! i
.... ' '
rhe pulpit, lhe platform, or the statesman's
desk do not cntl I on woman now ; but a voice is .
constantly re vioraling Irom neglected fire sides, ;
l-l I . . fl L'.int? II .. . ...'. .1.11. 1 . I n t . . . .
linn, ii j.iii.-., i in i ii le --) uiiuiiieis, - give US,
rmuners ana wives, tne aours iodgave ye loronr
devotion, and which ye spend so lavishly upon the
ftiOtsy webs of literature, and the frivolous pur
sues ol fashion ! Smile around your own hearth
stones, and they will give back a blessing, and not
the curse that follows with a blight ihe simper of
the gay !"
Decs w -man wish to guide tho helm of Stale,
to purify iis laws and elevate its aims ? Does
she- wi-h to restrain tin- frightful march of intern
pe ranee, the increase of immorality, and the vice
that strains with indelible dyes the hearts of our
youth' Cod bii ss her pray er, and every effort j
she may advance; but let her not forget that in
no station, nor any place, can she exert the pow
ft and influence greater than that within the cir
cle of her homo.
When we say that American women ore un- j
mindful of the important station they (ill, and lhat
their habits ol life, instead of having an ennoblino-
influence upon their posterity, possess rather a !
corrupt and vitiating tendency, we do not include
those Hue hearts who are striving, both in public
and in private, for the e!vationof their sex; but
the general inas of our sisterhood whose en
leebled minds are too much absorbed in triflin"
vanities, to devote one thought or exertion towards
the accomplishment ol a blessed duty, or even the
guardianship of their own children. Can a woman I
wtiom vj..a limn given sons ana anugnters, with
hearts and minds capable of becoming a blessing
to lhe age in which they live, and a glorious ex
ample for generations yet to come, fulfil her trust
by making her off-springs the automata of fnsh-
ionable life ? Can we expect tr.- find a true moth- i
er s heart, superior intellect and a purifying in
lluence, in her w ho, with wealth at her command. !
and neolected objects awaiting its disposal, will
flitter away the short time of her existence at
fashionable watering-places, during lhe summer,
enervating her already broken constitution, as a '
preparation tot the winter's festivities ? Can we
expect to find in her sons men of expanded minds,
and wise judgment, guided by hearts so honest
nnd noble that the nation will submit to ilwdr gui j- !
ance, nnd treasure their memories with lhat of1
Washington ? Can a mother hope all this of a
son whose unrestrained youth is devoted to the
sporting of fast horses, giving champagne suppers, I
and drinking and gaming half lbs night? And;
y-tf, where docs Uc responsibility res: :
The daughters of these pleasure-seeking and
fashionable. aspiring women, what has Liberty to
hope from them? Poor bullerflies ! Blighted
apples on dwarfed trees! Little souls plum ed
over with mannerism, affections and fooleries,
shedding just light enough to draw the moths!
minds of sufficient airy roominess to shelter the
sentimental fiction of the day, and hearts so hu
milit v-clad that they aim no higher than ribands
and beaux ! And yet, how great the hope that
America place upon them ! These are lo be
come the mothers of the nexl generation shed
ding an everlasting influence upon posterity !
These are to become the wives of those that form
the strength of our Republic, and th' ir union shall
either facilitate or retard our ptogress.
America's hope is centred around her flro-sides,
and her destiny depends upon the influence ihey
j emit. 1 he eloquence ol statesmen mav re-vibrate
through the land pulpits may send forth their
appeals of trulb and tenderness science may
labor and bestow her undying tribute, and art
may petrify her dreams yet the garland will fade
from Liberty's brow, and disappointed millions
send up their cry of despair, if woman's heart
refuse an interest in the work. Let our daughters
be educatcrJ for lhe sta,ioa of rruo and noble wo.
men ; let them learn to discard the soul-wasting
vanities of the day, and enrich their minds, and
so purify their influence that it shall be their last
ing monument lor long ages lo come. Teach
them 6o to labor that ''generations yet to bo" shall
look back and call them blessed, and hallow their
memories as the lives of those who placed the
brightest and the purest star on Liberty's brow.
''. pin to day, nor end til! evil sink
In in its due grave ; and if at once wc may not
Declare the greatness of the work we plan,
lie sure, at Jcust, that ever in our eyes
It stand complete before us, csa dome
Of light beyond this gloom ; a house of stars,
Encompassing these dusky tents ; a thing
Absolute, close to ill, though seldom seen,
Near as our hearts, and perfect as the heavens.
He this our aim arid model, and our hands
Shall net wax faint until the work is done."
Jenny Marsh.
Darnnna's Speccli on aTumbtcs.
Delivered at Stamford, on (he occasion of the Ag
ricultural l utr, Fairfield County.
It scerns to be a most unfortunate circumstance
that 1 should be selected to speak on humbug, as
looking on the ladies, whose profession if pecu
liarly fits, 1 find it hard to express myself in their
presence. Everything is humbug ; the whole
.State is humbug, except our Agricultural Society
that alone is not.
Humbug is generally defined, "deceit or impo
sition." A burglar w ho breaks into your house.
forf! " !' ''hcn'S OU "'" -VOUr ProPerty. or
rascal, is not a humbug; a humbug is an impos
ter; but in my opinion the true meaning of Hum
bug is management t.ict, to take an old truth and
put it in an attractive form.
Hut no humbug is great without truth, at the
bottom. The woolly horse was a reality. lie
was really born with a woolly coat. 1 brought
him in Cincinnati for $500, ami sent him on to
Connecticut, Out for a long time I doubted what I
should do with him, and leared that he would die
on my bands. Just at this limn, in 1849, Col.
Fremont and his party were reported to have been
lost among iho Rocky Mountains. The public
were greatly excited, but shortly news came lhat
he was safe. Now came the chance for the woolly
horse.
It was duly announced, that after three days
chase upon the borders of the River Gila, an ani
mal had been captured by the quartermaster of
Col. Freemont's party, who partook in a singular
,,,, "!uuri m mu ou(,,,lllJ' pe ana
CBme'; . 1 St'-V WnS s? 'ar ,ruo ? 1
m'fsU tbf HnuMmt woo captured him, and
1 ch.a a for tho sight. 1 he picture
ufSh!l! ,,,c exhibition depicted the animal as
jumping- over a ledge of rocks : now i the animal
i , 1 ., , ,fa , - , ,
bad really leaped, os shown in the picture, he
mU9l have p:iSs0ii over a space of five miles.
To havc believed that he could have survived
such a o voul(J hjve been the grossest hum-
J ,r I. . r t t ..iT i - i
Rif
But Col. Henton, who understands no humbug
but his own, arrested my scheme, and prosecuted j
me for obtaining money under false pretences, as
lhe horse was not what it professed to be, but 1
think wrongly, as the people who saw it were
satisfied, nnd they got the worth ol their money, j
Now the scientific buoibug should know the !
precise moment to act as 1 did, or the world would j
never have been blessed with a sigh, ol lhe woolly
horse.
When the woolly hon-e arrived from Connecti
cut he was put in a stable near Lovejoy's Hotel.
One o.' the boarders who eame to see him recog
nised him as an animal he had seen at Bridge
port. "Good heavens!" he cried, "I have seen
that animal before; it is really an extraordinary
humbug." He took up a friend from the same
ho el, tind after lie had seen the animal Jet him
into the secret, and in succession, thirty-seven
persons were carried up, all of whom look the
humbugging in good humor except the last man. j
It. t . -. f f I hi tranlf tl T . i --.!! trt ' t:cf n m n I crtion
t i lie humbug, I am only an humdle member of the j
profession.
.My ambition to be the Prince -of Humbugs I i
will resign, b it I hope the public w ill take the will '
lor lhe deed ; I can assure them thnt if I had beer, j
able to Hive them all the humbugs I have thought i
of, they would have been amply satisfied.
Before I went to England with Tom Thumb, I
bad a skeleton prepared trom various bones. It
was to have been made eighteen feet high ; it !
w as to have been buried a year or so in Ohio, j
and then dug up by accident, so that the pu.ilic
might lenrn that there were giants of old- The
price 1 was lo pay ihe person who proposed to put
the skeleton together was to have been
Put finding Tom Thumb more successful lhan
I thought, 1 sent word not to proceed with (he skele
ton. .My manager, who never thought as highly
ol the scheme as it deserved, sold the skeleton for
$30 or 875.
Seven years af erivnrds I received from the
South an account of a "iantic skeleton that had
been found. Accompanying it were the certifi
cates of '-fienttfic and medical men as to the
genuineness. The owner asked 'J0.O0O, or
81,000 a month; I wrote him if he brought it on
1 would take it if I found it as represented, or
would pav fii expenses if not ; I foond it was my
own old original humbug come back to me again;
of course I refused it, and I never heard of it alter--w
jrds.
I'aiSs Fashions.
Fiom the October letter of the New York Jour
nal of Commerce s Paris correspondent, we extract
the following:
For full dress visiting toilette, silk is the most
fash onal le. A dress of gray or violet moire
indijue, ornamented with gray or violet silk rib
bons, with velvet stripes and black lace, is inreat
v 'gue. The corsage should be made high, either
fastened to the throal or open to the waist, accor
ding to the taste of the Wearer ; it is edged with
a narrow lace and a narrow velvet, which is con
tinued down the front at the distancw of Iwo or
three inches, the habit shirt is seen between the
l! rs. The waist is rouMl, and rather pointed in
front, r.nd behind it is lengthened over the nips,
and fulls over the skirts in points two inches deep.
Ttiese points are bordered will) a row of black
velvet, and another of lace. A ribbon with velvet
stripes is placed down ihe front, slightly gathered
a la virile, between two rows of black lace, about
! an inch wide; a bow of ribbon with velvet stripes!,
is put on al the point of the corsage in front. 1 he
full sleeves are held up so as to form two yells,
falling one over the other ; they have three slushes
borden J with velvet and black lace, through which
appear the pull's of the under sleeve. A black
lace 6nhes the bottom of the sleeve, and fulls over
a guipire lace. The simple skirt is disposed in
four deep points about a half yard in deptli, in
which :s sewed a watered silk flounce fuller than
the ski t, and the seams of which are hidden under
a plaited ribbon.
This same dress may be made for the evening,
by cut'ing the corsage lower, and be composed of
a lighter moire, or of a gold and silver brocade
with a flounce of the same as the skirt.
Bodies with braces retain their favor. For cool
weather these corsages are high, plain atid with
lappets, and are ornamented in front with two
velvets laced us a breastpiece; the space between
ihem is filled with smaller velvets placed trans
versally and lo which are suspended small buttons.
Two velvets placed as braces, begin at the lappet
in front, rise over the shoulder, and go down lhe
back seam. These bracps are connected by cross
velvets enriched by small velvet buttons. The
sleeves and the lappets are ornamented in the same
style.
We havfl a brilliant choice of wool tissues, this
autumn. Valencios with satin or velvet stripes ;
woolen brocatelles with running patterns; figured
barpoors damasked and watered ; woolen poplins,
with small sqnares for neglige toilets, or children's
costumes. The plain woolen popling trimmed
with a contrasting velvets, an inch and a half in
width, forms a very comme il fant in-door dress.
A husquinc is very fashionable nt this season.
It is a pretty little garment which is worn over
the body of the dress, open in front, and almost
tight to the waist, where it forms a pretty half
flounce. Those made of oriental cashmere, em
broidered in bright colored arabesques, have a
charming efTect.
Gold and silver embroidery will be again, this
winter, decidedly the most fashionable ornament
for all articles of fuli dress. Tull robes with
double siirts are to be trimmed deeply with
bunions of tulle, with dots of violet and gold leaves.
Many tarletane dresses have twelve to fifteen
stripes of gold or silver tissue worked in the mate
rial. The skirts are double, ton one looped up
with bows of floating ribbon, or with rich agraffes
of precious stones. Co'd and'silver embroidery,
mixed with rich shades of silk, upon tulle or
organdi, are also in high repute. 1 have seen
some coiffures to : ccompany these toilletts, dis
playing the exquisite taste of Madame JHontel Gal? ;
one, formed of four white feathers, turned with
bind-weed foliage of gold blonde; the leaves meet
on the forehead in the shape of a diadem. Another
consists of a coronet of crape leaves, the edges of
which are frosted with gold ; many garlands are of
foliage, and flowers of crape embroidered with gold
or silver.
We see a great variety in the forms and mate
rials cf mantles and cloaks. Velvet cloaks
trimmed with deep lace will be the favorite gar
ment of the season. For winter, expensive furs,
will replace all other ornaments with ladies of
fashion and large fortunes. The Almaviva mantle,
intended as a full-dress costume, is composed of
velvet of any color, according to the fancy of the
wearer.and is made round and short, likea pelerine;
it has for ornament, around lhe bottom and Hi lhe
neck, medallions (formed by an insertion of lace,)
bordered by a gathered row of lace about nn inch
wide, from which fell two lace flounces 13 inches
wide. When this mantle is trimmed with a fringe,
the lace medallions'are replaced by embroidered
ones.
A Rcatitiftil Picture.
The man who stands upon his own soil, who
feels that by the law of ihe land in which he lives
by the law of civilized nations he is the right
ful and exclusive ow ner of lhe land w hich he tills,
is by the constitution of our nature under the
whulesome influence not easily imbibed from any
other source. II; feels oilier things being equal
more strongly than another, the character of a
man as the lord of an inanimate world. Of this
great and wonderful sphere which, fashioned by
the baud of Cod and upheld by his power, is roll
ing through the heavens a part is his his from
the centre of the sky. It is lhe space on which
the generation before moved in its round of duties,
and he feels himself connected by a link with
those who follow him, and to whom he is lo trans
mit a home. Perhaps his farm has come down
to him from his fathers. They have gone to their
last home, but he can trace their footsteps over
the scenes of his daily labors.
The roof which shelters him was reared by
(boss to whom he owes his beinsf. Some inter
esting domestic tradition is connected with every
enclosure. The favorite fruit tree was planted by
his father's hand. He sported in boyhood beside
the brook, which still winds through the meadow.
Through the fiel l lies the path to the village school
of earlier days He still hears from the window
the voice of the Sabbath hell which called his fa
ther to th house of God ; and near at hand is
the spot where his parents laid down to rest, and
where, when his lime ha come, he shall be laid
by ids children ; lhfse are the feelings of the
owner of lhe soil. Words Cannot paint ihem.
They flow out of iho deepest fountains of the
hear! they are the life-spring of a fresh, healthy
and generous national character. Edward Ev
r,it!.
From the Richmond Ewpiircr.
Mormon ism lefiaiit
It is represented that President Pierce is resolved
to reduce the territory of Ut ili, from its anomalous
attitude of independence, to subjection to the laws
and sovereignly of lhe Fe'deral Government, ond
that to this end. he proposes to replace Brigham
Young by a Governor ol christian faith and decent
demeanor. This is a step in the right direction ;
but why not at once adopt a thorough policy ? A
mere show of authority must only exasperate,
while a sudden nnd vigorous idow might reduce
the people of Utah to a salutary sense of depen
dence. Perhaps, therefore, it would be wiser if
lira Cabinet would summarily eject every Mormon
from office, and bestow the judicial as well as the
executive authority in ihe territory upon men who
revere the principles and usages of christian civ
ilization. But, what if Brigham Young and his thirty,
thousand Polygamists assume an attitude of defi.
ance, and refuse to submit to the authority of tho
Federal Government? This is likely enough, for
when tiiey were less powerful and insolent, they
drove away a Judge with a Federal commission
in his pocket, because he did not choose to speak
respectfully of their polygamous usages. Indeed
Brigham Young has avowed a purpose of resist
ance. In an address in the JJtseret Keics of
March 10th, 1854, he said :
" We have got a territorial government, and I
am and will be the Governor, and no power can
hinder it, until the Lord Almighty says, ' Brigham,
you .need not be Governor any longer,' and then
I am w illiog to yield to another."
" No persons need trouble themselves aboul
whether or not he would be removed, for the Lord
would control that matter just as he pleased, and
either President Pierce nor any other President
would remove him until the Lord permitted."
" Every man that comes to impose on this peo
ple, no matter by whom they are senf, or who
they are that aie sent, they lay the axe at the
root of the tree to kill themselves they had
better be careful how they come here, lest I should
bend my little finger.
IP-re is a public defiance a declaration of war
against the Federal Government, in the event that
it chooses to assert iis authority in the territory of
Utah. Will the Cabinet be intimidated by this
threat of violence ? On the contrary, it supplies
them wilh an additional argument in favor of an
energetic and thorough policy. The Mormons
betray a spirit of vindictive and undying hatred
of this government. They refuse to recognise its
authority. They will not comply with its requi
sitions so far even as to transmit a copy of their
laws, or a statement of their public expenditures.
They openly declare that the Federal Government
must either tolerate fheir barbarous institutions,
or else prepare to vindicate its authority by force.
Utah cannol come into this confederacy with
polygamy as a legal institution. Squatter Sover
eignty may affirm the right of a people of a ter
ritory to " determine their own institutions ;" but
there is a sovereignty above the sovereignty of
squatters. Ihe sovereignty of reason, of reli
gion, of civilization the sovereignty of lhe col
lective will of the American people, forbids a fra
ternal association between a people who profess
the pure morality of the religion of Jesus, and a
people who live under the dominion of lusf, and
practice the licentious excesses of oriental barbar
ism. Utah cannot approach the bridal altar of
this Union covered with the scars and polluted by
the poison of foul disease. She must purge her
self of the presence of polygamy; she must come
wiih the bloom of virgin innocence and strength.
There can be no fellowship between Mormon
and Christian. They cannot exist under the same
social system they cannot be partners in politi
cal power. Freedom of conscience is one thing,
exemption from the rcs'raints of decency and mo
rality quite another. The constitution guarantees
religious liberty, but gives no license to the ex
cesses of concupiscence.
lMormonism is theocracy and involves not only
asocial gradation and inequality, but an anil-republican
alliance between church and State. No
country can be free in which polygamy prevails.
Utah can demand admission into the Union by no
claim of reason or of right. The people will re
pel i:s embrace with universal and unconquerable
ave rsion.
K, then, there is this antagonism between Chris
tianity and Mormonism, between the essential vir
tues of society and the polluting vice of polygamy,
between (he Liberty of Republicanism and lhe
theocratic institutions of Utah, why should the
Federal Government parley and temporise, and
seek, by expedients of conciliation, to postpone
the inevitable conflict ? Nothing can be gained
by delay tr concession. To talk of compromi
sing with Mormonism, or of tolerating it in the
least repulsive of its aspects, is to insult tho rea
son and the conscience of ihe country. Relent
less repression is tbe only cure for the evil, and
the only policy which the good sense of the public
will approve. The work should be done quickly.
Already has Brigham Young thirty thousand peo
ple utider his sway, and their ranks are daily re
cruited by a continuous stream of immigration
from every quarter of the globe. Intrenched in
their mountain fastness, iniccessible on one flank,
and with a wide waste of desert country lying in
their front, surrounded by tribes of savage In
dians, who would readily respond to any invoca
tion of blood, the Mormons at this moment are no
contemptible foe. A few years hence they will
be infinitely more formidable, for their numbers
and their strength increase in a geometrical ratio.
And then ibeir subjugation will involve many
more obstacles, and certain intricate problems of
constitutional power, which may be now avoided.
It is sound policy in the President to grapple with
the difficulty at once, and with a resolution to con
cede nothing to the pretensions of Mormonism.
M el a Ncnoi.v Death. We regret to learn that
Col. Riehard Lowry, of this vicinity, was killed
on yesterday on his way to Concord to attend lhe
meeting of the Presbyterian Synod. We are not
in possession of the particulars, further than that
his horse became frightened at the train on the
railroad, and itl attempting to hold him, was
thrown and struck in lh temple by the wheel of
his buggy. He died in a few hours after. Col.
L. was a most excellent citizen, a kind and oblig
ing neighbor, and a useful member of the Presby
terian Church. He has left a wife ana numerous
friends lo motjm his death. SnlisfntryWalehinan.
Tlic Life of Sir John Franklin.
The following particulars of the biography of
the distinguished navigator, the discovery of whose
unhappy late has-engaged the attention so much
of late, 'we find in the New York Post:
Sir John Franklin, who at a very early ago
manifested the adventurous spirit that character
ized his later career, was born at Spilsby, in Lin
colnshire, in 1786. The evident bent of the boy's
mind for a sailor's life not meeting wilh the lath
er's views, he was sent on a voyage to Lisbon in
a merchant vessel, in hopes the reality would ope
rate as a cure. The attempt failed, and at the age
of fourteen he entered the British navy as a mid
shipman, on board the Polyphemus, in which ca
pacity he served at lhe battle of Copenhagen. In
1803 he accompanied his relative, Capt. Flinders,
on a voyage of discovery to the South seas, and
was shipwrecked on the coast of New Holland.
He was aAerward signal eiflicer on the Bellerophon,
(the ship on board which Napoleon took refuge in
1815,) at the baitle of Trafalgar, nnd in 1814
served as lieutenant noon the Bdford, which car
ried the allied sovereign to England. In 1815 he
was at the attack upon New Oilcans, which ended
so disastrous for the British, and won considorablo
reputation by the capture of an Americsn gun
boat. In 1 81 6 he was appointed to the command
of lhe brig Trent, which formed part of the Polar
Fxpetlition under Cnpt. RnchsO. Ho afterwards
held a command in the expedition under Ross and
Parry, at which time lie rxarnihed the coast as far
north as Cape Turnagin, 03 degrees 30 minutes
norih latitude, and returned to England in 1822,
after having su!b red great hardships nnd priv.t.
lions, and was onjy saved from d uth by the kind
ness of the Pi quimaux.
Promoted to the rank of post captain in 182.r,
in company will; the same parties he und' rlook tt
second voyage to tho Polar seas, and examined
the coast between the Mackenzie and Coppermine
rivers. He returned in 1827, having reached 70
deg. 30 min. north latitude and 150 deg. west lon
gitude, and was knighted by George- IV, m ac
knowledgement of his services. In 1830 he was
in command of a ship.of-the-line in iho Mediter
ranean, and was afterwards sent as Governor to
Van Diemnn's Land, from which post he was re
called in 1843. Early in 1845 he returned to
England, arid was al once appointed to the com
mand of tho expedition to the Polar seas, from
which he never returned, and which was expected
to add largely to the stock of geographical knowl
edge and that of the laws which govern tho mag
net. The Erebus and Terror, the two ships with
which lhe younyer Ross, in 1839, had made his
celebrated voyage to the South Polar seas, were
rapidly fitted up with everything necessary for fho
service, and wilh lhe distinguished officers, Cap
tains Creizier and Fitzjames. who wern nplrrtmrl
by Sir John himself, the expedition left England
on the 19th of May of that year. It was spoken
by several whale ships on the 4th of July, and on
the 20th of the same month was seen for the last
time in Melville's Ray, lat. 77 north, longitude 66
13 west from Greenwich.
Fears respecting the missing navigators becamo
general in England in 1848, andsince tfiat period
several expeditions have been fitted out there, as
well ns one from this eensntry, for the purpose of
either rescuing or ascertaining the fate of Sir Jehn
and his companions. They have oil returned
without success. The only truces hitherto discov
ered have been the graves of three of lhe party,
atid some empty cans used (or containing preserved
meats, such as were furnished the expedition.
The searcfies instituted at the request of the Eng
lish by the Russian government among its posses
sions on the Arctic Sea has met with no result.
Hut lhe veil seems about to be rifted, and should
the report of Dr. Ren. which has reached us frerm
Cnnadn, prove correct, we shall soon probably
know all that can ever be known of Sir John
Franklin and ihooC under his command.
- . .
The ittoutli ot October.
How beautifully docs our colemporary of the
Edgefield Advnlisrr speaks of this charming
month, read w hat he writes :
Of all the months in tho year give us October.
How bracing, the buoyant influences of an Octo
ber morning ! How soothing, tho musical whis
pers of an October noon ! How charming, the
mellow-tinted light of an October eve .'
It is the month of Gratitude ! For the harvest
is come, and the granaries ef men are replenish
ing, and the blessings of that God who gives the
incrense to the labors of the husbandman, are
spreading over the land in such golden abundance
that all but the most obdurate of hearts must be
filled wiih thankfulness and praise.
It is the month of Memories! The dropping
loaves of an Autumnal day, are ihey not signifi
cant emblems of those we've seen around us
tall!" The chastened hues of an Autumnal-sunset,
do they not call to mind the joys and pleasures
of the past ! The natural harmonics of the Au
tumnal winds, as they moan amid the high pine
tops of the forest, do they not carry us back in
sensibly lo the earlier days of our earthly exist
ence, while all ol life was but an opening vision
of bliss !
It is the month, loo, of Religion ! The year is
dying around us. The frosts ol Winter are pre
paring to wiiber the green garb ol nature. Change
and Decay ore everywhere seen coming over
what was lately so fresh and beautiful. "And
such is life," says the philosophic mind. " It it
but as the changing year first, Spring with its
radiant flowers; next, Summer with its clustering
promises; then Autumn wiih its yellow sheaves,
and lastly, Winter with its eleathlike freezes."
And the soul longs to find a hope beyond the Win
ter of Death; and, looking upward towards Hea
ven, learns what it is to be religious.
Dear old October ! Ever welcome art thou,
with thy bounteous blessings, thy saddening charms
and thy sober lessons !
'Ma, do you know iho reason why horses do
not wear hats ?"
" No, my dear."
" 'Cause it would give them a hosstile ap
pearance. Frenchman, wishing lo speak of ihe cream
cf the English poets, forgot the word, and said
" de butter of do poets." A wag said that he had
fairly churned up the English language.
    

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